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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 392-399, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013868

ABSTRACT

Aim To prepare prostate cancer exosomes containing melittin and observe their uptake by prostate cancer cells. Methods Cells treated with starvation for different time were screened for exosome extraction. Exosomes from PC-3 cells were extracted by ultracentrifugation, and the extracted particles were examined by transmission electron microscopy, nanoparticle tracking analyzer(NTA), and Western blot. Melittin exosome system was prepared by repeated freeze-thaw method, incubation at room temperature as well as electroporation, and the size of encapsulation efficiency was measured by centrifugation. A high-performance liquid chromatography(HPLC)method was applied to assay the content of melittin exosomes(exo-mel). Fluorescence inverted microscopy was employed to evaluate the uptake of melittin exosomes by PC-3 cells, DU145 cells as well as LNCaP cells. Results The results of starvation treatment showed that 24 h starvation treatment was the optimal time point. TEM results showed that the exosomes were round or oval in shape with a distinct membranous structure, and the diameter was around 100 nm. The reagent protein concentration for NTA analysis of exosomes was 0.222 g·L-1. The results of Western blot for the marker proteins of exosomes showed that Alix and CD63 were positively expressed, which indicated that the exosomes could be obtained by starvation culture of PC-3 cells and ultracentrifugation. The results of entrapment efficiency showed that the entrapment efficiency of electroporation method was 17.51% ± 2.39%, that of repeated freeze-thaw method was 11.46% ± 1.02%, and that of room temperature incubation method was 3.93% ± 2.44%. The encapsulation efficiency of electroporation was the highest with significant difference(P<0.05). The uptake assay showed that PC-3 cells could efficiently take up exo-mel in a time-dependent manner, and DU145 cells and LNCaP cells also could take up exo-mel over time. Conclusions Exosomes can be accessed by starvation treatment and high-speed centrifugation, and the prostate cancer melittin exosome system prepared by electroporation method could be taken up by prostate cancer cells.

2.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 288-291, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995941

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application experience of autologous fat transplantation in improving the facial contour of young cosmetic patients.Methods:From October 2017 to October 2020, the plastic surgery department of Beijing Tsinghua Changgung Hospital admitted 10 young cosmetic patients with poor facial contours, including 1 male and 9 females, aged 18-35 years, with an average of 28 years. Autologous subcutaneous fat was harvested by liposuction and static purification and then injected into the areas with poor facial contour with an amount of 10%-30% over.Results:The facial contour of 10 young cosmetic patients was well improved, and there were no postoperative complications such as facial asymmetry, local uneven skin, skin infection and necrosis or fat embolism. 8 cases were filled once and 2 cases were filled twice. The patients were followed up for 6-24 months and the postoperative effect was good. The excellent and good rate evaluated by patients, plastic surgeon and the third party doctor was more than 80%.Conclusions:The use of autologous fat to improve the facial contour of young cosmetic patients is easy to operate with less trauma and good effect, which is worthy of promotion.

3.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 316-319, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994487

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize clinical manifestations and histopathological features of granular parakeratosis (GP) after exposure to benzalkonium chloride.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 7 GP cases with a history of benzalkonium chloride exposure in the Department of Dermatology at Wuhan No.1 Hospital from April to August 2022. Data were collected on the general condition, skin lesion manifestations, pathological examination, treatment, and follow-up of the patients, and retrospectively analyzed.Results:The 7 adult patients with GP typically presented with erythema and brown scales in the intertriginous area, exhibiting an annular distribution pattern. All the 7 patients reported recent exposure to disinfectants containing benzalkonium chloride. A total of 10 skin biopsies were taken from the 7 patients. Histopathological examination showed characteristic hyperkeratosis and fine blue-gray parakeratotic granules in the stratum corneum. All skin lesions improved 1 month after cessation of exposure to benzalkonium chloride.Conclusion:GP has a distinct clinical pattern and histopathological manifestations, and a history of exposure to benzalkonium chloride can be helpful for the diagnosis of GP.

4.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 229-233, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994466

ABSTRACT

Objective:To retrospectively analyze clinical characteristics and treatment of pemphigus/bullous pemphigoid (BP) complicated by herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection.Methods:Inpatients with pemphigus/BP complicated by HSV infection were collected from Wuhan No.1 Hospital from 2016 to 2021, and their clinical characteristics, treatment and follow-up results were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Among the 8 patients with pemphigus/BP complicated by HSV infection, there were 2 males and 6 females, and their age was 50.6 ± 8.3 years. Five of them were diagnosed with pemphigus vulgaris (PV), 1 with pemphigus foliaceus (PF), and 2 with BP. Seven were infected with HSV-1, and 1 with HSV-2. All the 8 patients were given systemic glucocorticoids and immunosuppressive agents for the treatment of pemphigus or BP, and were admitted to the hospital due to resistance to the treatment. Seven patients presented with exacerbation or recurrence of primary lesions, and 1 presented with enlarged lesions all over the body. HSV infection-induced lesions were located on the trunk in 4 cases, on the oral mucosa in 4, on the scalp in 3, and on the face in 2; lesions mainly manifested as irregular erosions with blood crusts, and some centrally umbilicated pustules; 7 patients had obvious pain at the lesional sites. During HSV infection, anti-desmoglein 1 antibody levels decreased in all the 6 patients with pemphigus, and anti-desmoglein 3 antibody levels decreased in 4 of the 5 patients with pemphigus vulgaris; anti-BP180 antibody levels decreased in 1 patient with BP, but increased in the other one with BP. After antiviral therapy at adequate doses for adequate durations (7- to 14-day treatment with valacyclovir alone or in combination with ganciclovir), HSV infection was controlled, the autoimmune bullous skin disorder intensity scores decreased compared with those before the antiviral therapy, and pain was significantly relieved in all the patients. No dose adjustment of glucocorticoids or other immunosuppressive agents was made during antiviral therapy in all patients.Conclusion:HSV infection should be considered when patients with pemphigus/BP suffer from recurrence or exacerbation and poorly respond to conventional treatment; for patients with pemphigus/BP complicated by HSV infection, systemic antiviral therapy at adequate doses can be used to control the disease condition without modifying the conventional immunosuppressive regimen.

5.
Gut and Liver ; : 674-683, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000416

ABSTRACT

Acute liver failure (ALF) is a severe liver disease syndrome with rapid deterioration and high mortality. Liver transplantation is the most effective treatment, but the lack of donor livers and the high cost of transplantation limit its broad application. In recent years, there has been no breakthrough in the treatment of ALF, and the application of stem cells in the treatment of ALF is a crucial research field. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are widely used in disease treatment research due to their abundant sources, low immunogenicity, and no ethical restrictions. Although MSCs are effective for treating ALF, the application of MSCs to ALF needs to be further studied and optimized. In this review, we discuss the potential mechanisms of MSCs therapy for ALF, summarize some methods to enhance the efficacy of MSCs, and explore optimal approaches for MSC transplantation.

6.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1374-1381, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978794

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the dynamic change of fatty liver (FL) in patients with fatty liver-related acute pancreatitis (FLAP) and related influencing factors. Methods A total of 136 FLAP patients who were admitted to The First Affiliated Hospital of Baotou Medical College, Inner Mongolia University of Science and Technology, from December 2017 to December 2021 were enrolled as subjects. With the first CT examination after admission as the starting point and the last CT examination before discharge as the ending point, the subjects were divided into FL aggravation group (FLAG group), FL mild mitigation group (FLMMG group), and FL significant mitigation group (FLSMG group) according to the degree of change in FL. General information and clinical data were compared between groups. General information included age, sex, length of hospital stay, etiology of acute pancreatitis (AP), and changes in body weight and temperature, and clinical data included treatment modality and the changes in laboratory markers and AP severity. The chi-square test or the Fisher's exact test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. A one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between multiple groups, and the least significant difference t -test was used for further comparison between two groups; the Kruskal-Wallis H test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between multiple groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test with Bonferroni correction was used for further comparison between two groups. Dynamic changes of data were expressed as the difference from the starting point to the ending point, and a covariance analysis was used for comparison of data with dynamic changes. The Spearman correlation analysis was used to investigate the correlation of indices with significant changes with the degree of change in FL. Results Among the 136 FLAP patients, 61 achieved mild mitigation of FL, 59 achieved significant mitigation of FL, and 16 experienced aggravation of FL at the ending point of the study. There were significant differences between the three groups in the length of hospital stay ( χ 2 =16.215, P < 0.001) and the change in body weight ( F =3.908, P < 0.05), and the FLSMG group had a greater reduction in body weight and a longer length of hospital stay. There were also significant differences between the three groups in the number of fasting days ( χ 2 =11.020, P =0.004) and the degree of changes in C-reactive protein (CRP) ( F =8.589, P < 0.001), white blood cell count (WBC) ( F =5.448, P =0.005), and CT severity index (CTSI) ( F =7.544, P =0.001), and the FLSMG group had greater reductions in CRP, WBC, and CTSI and a longer duration of fasting. Length of hospital stay, number of fasting days, and changes in CRP and CTSI were significantly correlated with the change in FL ( r =0.352, 0.372, -0.365, and -0.350, all P < 0.001). Conclusion Most FLAP patients tend to have mitigation of FL, and its dynamic changes are closely associated with the changes in CRP and CTSI.

7.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 120-125, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970831

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the causes, management and prevention of complications after micro-incision percutaneous repair of acute Achilles tendon rupture.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study indentyfied 279 patients with acute Achilles tendon rupture who underwent a mini-invasive procedure using the micro-incision percutaneous Achilles tendon suture system(MIPAS) from August 2008 to November 2019, including 269 males and 10 female;96 cases on the right side and 183 cases on the left side;aged from 18 to 64 years old with an average of (36.9±11.4 )years old. Surgery was performed 0.5 to 7 days with an average of(2.7±0.9 )days after injury. The incision-related complications, re-rupture, sural nerve injury, deep vein thrombosis, Achilles tendon adhesion, local pain, and ankle stiffness within 18 months after surgery were recorded, as well as the corresponding management and outcome, the causes and prevention measures were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#No superficial or deep infection was found in all patients, symptomatic Achilles tendon adhesion and ankle stiffness were not observed, delayed suture foreign-body reactions occurred in 2 cases (0.7%), re-rupture in 5 cases (1.8%), sural nerve injury in 3 cases (1.1%), 21 cases(7.5%) with skin invagination at puncture site, 2 cases (0.7%) with symptomatic vein thrombosis, and 45 cases (16.1%) of transient posterior medial malleolus pain. After individualized treatment, the function was good. American Orthopeadic Foot & Ankle Sciety(AOFAS) score was 93 to 100 with an average of(98.9±5.4) scores.@*CONCLUSION@#Despite the occurrence of unique complications with MIPAS, it shows low functionally-related complications rates, such as incision-related complications, re-rupture, sural nerve injury, deep vein thrombosis and ankle stiffness.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Achilles Tendon/injuries , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Tendon Injuries/surgery , Rupture/surgery , Sutures , Acute Disease , Suture Techniques
8.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1047-1058, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985515

ABSTRACT

Objective: Compare and analyze the results of the domestic Lanyi AH600 glycated hemoglobin analyzer and other different detection systems to understand the comparability of the detection results of different detectors, and establish the best cut point of Lanyi AH600 determination of haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) in the diagnosis of diabetes. Methods: Multi center cohort study was adopted. The clinical laboratory departments of 18 medical institutions independently collected test samples from their respective hospitals from March to April 2022, and independently completed comparative analysis of the evaluated instrument (Lanyi AH600) and the reference instrument HbA1c. The reference instruments include four different brands of glycosylated hemoglobin meters, including Arkray, Bio-Rad, DOSOH, and Huizhong. Scatter plot was used to calculate the correlation between the results of different detection systems, and the regression equation was calculated. The consistency analysis between the results of different detection systems was evaluated by Bland Altman method. Consistency judgment principles: (1) When the 95% limits of agreement (95% LoA) of the measurement difference was within 0.4% HbA1c and the measurement score was≥80 points, the comparison consistency was good; (2) When the measurement difference of 95% LoA exceeded 0.4% HbA1c, and the measurement score was≥80 points, the comparison consistency was relatively good; (3) The measurement score was less than 80 points, the comparison consistency was poor. The difference between the results of different detection systems was tested by paired sample T test or Wilcoxon paired sign rank sum test; The best cut-off point of diabetes was analyzed by receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC). Results: The correlation coefficient R2 of results between Lanyi AH600 and the reference instrument in 16 hospitals is≥0.99; The Bland Altman consistency analysis showed that the difference of 95% LoA in Nanjing Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital in Jiangsu Province (reference instrument: Arkray HA8180) was -0.486%-0.325%, and the measurement score was 94.6 points (473/500); The difference of 95% LoA in the Tibetan Traditional Medical Hospital of TAR (reference instrument: Bio-Rad Variant II) was -0.727%-0.612%, and the measurement score was 89.8 points; The difference of 95% LoA in the People's Hospital of Chongqing Liang Jiang New Area (reference instrument: Huizhong MQ-2000PT) was -0.231%-0.461%, and the measurement score was 96.6 points; The difference of 95% LoA in the Taihe Hospital of traditional Chinese Medicine in Anhui Province (reference instrument: Huizhong MQ-2000PT) was -0.469%-0.479%, and the measurement score was 91.9 points. The other 14 hospitals, Lanyi AH600, were compared with 4 reference instrument brands, the difference of 95% LoA was less than 0.4% HbA1c, and the scores were all greater than 95 points. The results of paired sample T test or Wilcoxon paired sign rank sum test showed that there was no statistically significant difference between Lanyi AH600 and the reference instrument Arkray HA8180 (Z=1.665,P=0.096), with no statistical difference. The mean difference between the measured values of the two instruments was 0.004%. The comparison data of Lanyi AH600 and the reference instrument of all other institutions had significant differences (all P<0.001), however, it was necessary to consider whether it was within the clinical acceptable range in combination with the results of the Bland-Altman consistency analysis. The ROC curve of HbA1c detected by Lanyi AH600 in 985 patients with diabetes and 3 423 patients with non-diabetes was analyzed, the area under curve (AUC) was 0.877, the standard error was 0.007, and the 95% confidence interval 95%CI was (0.864, 0.891), which was statistically significant (P<0.001). The maximum value of Youden index was 0.634, and the corresponding HbA1c cut point was 6.235%. The sensitivity and specificity of diabetes diagnosis were 76.2% and 87.2%, respectively. Conclusion: Among the hospitals and instruments currently included in this study, among these four hospitals included Nanjing Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital in Jiangsu Province (reference instrument: Arkray HA8180), Tibetan Traditional Medical Hospital of TAR (reference instrument: Bio-Rad Variant Ⅱ), the People's Hospital of Chongqing Liang Jiang New Area (reference instrument: Huizhong MQ-2000PT), and the Taihe Hospital of traditional Chinese Medicine in Anhui Province (reference instrument: Huizhong MQ-2000PT), the comparison between Lanyi AH600 and the reference instruments showed relatively good consistency, while the other 14 hospitals involved four different brands of reference instruments: Arkray, Bio-Rad, DOSOH, and Huizhong, Lanyi AH600 had good consistency with its comparison. The best cut point of the domestic Lanyi AH600 for detecting HbA1c in the diagnosis of diabetes is 6.235%.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Child , Humans , Female , Glycated Hemoglobin , Cohort Studies , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnosis , Sensitivity and Specificity , ROC Curve
9.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1107-1112, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009855

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the efficacy and safety of Xiyanping injection through intramuscular injection for the treatment of acute bronchitis in children.@*METHODS@#A prospective study was conducted from December 2021 to October 2022, including 78 children with acute bronchitis from three hospitals using a multicenter, randomized, parallel-controlled design. The participants were divided into a test group (conventional treatment plus Xiyanping injection; n=36) and a control group (conventional treatment alone; n=37) in a 1:1 ratio. Xiyanping injection was administered at a dose of 0.3 mL/(kg·d) (total daily dose ≤8 mL), twice daily via intramuscular injection, with a treatment duration of ≤4 days and a follow-up period of 7 days. The treatment efficacy and safety were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#The total effective rate on the 3rd day after treatment in the test group was significantly higher than that in the control group (P<0.05), while there was no significant difference in the total effective rate on the 5th day between the two groups (P>0.05). The rates of fever relief, cough relief, and lung rale relief in the test group on the 3rd day after treatment were higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). The cough relief rate on the 5th day after treatment in the test group was higher than that in the control group (P<0.05), while there was no significant difference in the fever relief rate and lung rale relief rate between the two groups (P>0.05). The cough relief time, daily cough relief time, and nocturnal cough relief time in the test group were significantly shorter than those in the control group (P<0.05), while there were no significant differences in the fever duration and lung rale relief time between the two groups (P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse events between the two groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The overall efficacy of combined routine treatment with intramuscular injection of Xiyanping injection in the treatment of acute bronchitis in children is superior to that of routine treatment alone, without an increase in the incidence of adverse reactions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Injections, Intramuscular , Cough/drug therapy , Prospective Studies , Respiratory Sounds , Bronchitis/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome
10.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 877-883, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009835

ABSTRACT

Since December 2019, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been rapidly spreading worldwide and affecting the physical and mental health of the general population. It may have even more serious potential harm to children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This paper provides a literature review on the psychological and behavioral problems experienced by children with ASD during the COVID-19 epidemic, as well as the factors influencing these issues. The findings of this review can serve as a basis for clinical research on ASD children.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Problem Behavior , COVID-19 , Autism Spectrum Disorder , Epidemics
11.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 745-749, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009792

ABSTRACT

To compare the impact of the scrotal vs inguinal orchidopexy approach on the testicular function of infants with cryptorchidism, a randomized controlled trial was conducted involving boys who were 6-12 months old at surgery and were diagnosed with clinically palpable, inguinal undescended testis. Between June 2021 and December 2021, these boys at Fujian Maternity and Child Health Hospital (Fuzhou, China) and Fujian Children's Hospital (Fuzhou, China) were enrolled. Block randomization with a 1:1 allocation ratio was employed. The primary outcome was testicular function assessed by testicular volume, serum testosterone, anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH), and inhibin B (InhB) levels. Secondary outcomes included operative time, amount of intraoperative bleeding, and postoperative complications. Among 577 screened patients, 100 (17.3%) were considered eligible and enrolled in the study. Of the 100 children who completed the 1-year follow-up, 50 underwent scrotal orchidopexy and 50 underwent inguinal orchidopexy. The testicular volume, serum testosterone, AMH, and InhB levels in both groups increased markedly after surgery (all P < 0.05), but there were no apparent differences between groups at 6 months and 12 months after operation (all P > 0.05). No differences between the scrotal and inguinal groups were noted regarding the operative time ( P = 0.987) and amount of intraoperative bleeding ( P = 0.746). The overall complication rate (2.0%) of the scrotal group was slightly lower than that of the inguinal group (8.0%), although this difference was not statistically significant ( P > 0.05). Both scrotal and inguinal orchiopexy exerted protective effects on testicular function in children with cryptorchidism, with similar operative status and postoperative complications. Scrotal orchiopexy is an effective alternative to inguinal orchiopexy in children with cryptorchidism.


Subject(s)
Female , Pregnancy , Male , Infant , Humans , Child , Cryptorchidism/surgery , Orchiopexy , Scrotum/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Anti-Mullerian Hormone , Testosterone
12.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 211-214, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005123

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To compare the difference in the detection rate of microorganisms in cord blood between BACTEC FX and BacT/ALERT 3D automated blood culture systems, and to compare the influence of incubation time and different types of culture sample on the detection rate of microorganisms in cord blood. 【Methods】 Cord blood samples prepared from April to August 2020 in Sichuan Cord Blood Bank(n=4 358) were selected, and 20 mL of plasma was used as culture samples for microbial detection. In addition, cord blood samples prepared in the same months of 2021(n=4 057) were selected, and 19 mL of plasma plus 1 mL of final product was used as culture samples for microbial detection. The total sample size was 8 415, of which 4 849 samples(2 458 in plasma group and 2 391 in plasma plus final product group) were assigned to the BACTEC FX system, and 3 566 samples(1 900 in the plasma group and 1 666 in the plasma plus final product group) to the BacT/ALERT 3D system. All samples were cultured for 7 days, and culture data were recorded on day 5 and day 7. Positive results were confirmed by Gram staining. 【Results】 The positive rate detected by the BACTEC FX system was higher than that of the BacT/ALERT 3D system(4.08% vs 2.69%), with statistically significant difference(P0.05) detected by the BacT/ALERT 3D system. With quality control strains, there were significant differences in TTP between these two systems for Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Clostridium sporogenes, and Bacillus subtilis(P0.05). 【Conclusion】 This study suggests that the selection of BACTEC FX blood culture system with incubation time of not less than 7 days and plasma plus final product as culture samples may improve the detection rate of microorganisms in cord blood.

13.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 236-240, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969872

ABSTRACT

In order to investigate carriage status and serum groups distribution of Neisseria meningitidis(Nm) among healthy population in Jiangsu Province, four counties were selected as monitoring sites by random sampling method for cross-sectional study. Throat swab specimens were collected from four monitoring sites in October to November 2019 and November to December 2020 for bacterial culture and Real-time PCR detection. Chi-square test was used to compare the positive rate of Neisseria meningitidis, and multiple logistic regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors of Neisseria meningitidis carrier rate. The results showed that among 1 512 samples, 57 strains of Nm were isolated, and the carrier rate was 3.77%. Serogroup B was the dominant group (36.84%), followed by un-known serogroups (33.33%), serogroup C was the third (17.54%), serogroup W135 and serogroup A were 7.02% and 5.26%, respectively. The carriage rate (8.60%) of 15-20 years old was significantly higher than others (1.77%-3.74%)(Pearson χ2=18.211, P<0.05). Region, age and immunization history were risk factors for Neisseria meningitidis carrier rate. In summary, the Nm carrier rate of healthy population in Jiangsu Province is relatively low, which indicates that the epidemic cases will continue to be sporadic in the future. However, the prevention and control of meningococcal epidemics on campus should be strengthened, and the monitoring of neisseria meningitidis group B should be maintained as it has become the dominant epidemic strain.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Neisseria meningitidis , Meningococcal Infections/prevention & control , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Carrier State/microbiology
14.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 716-722, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989874

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the role and molecular mechanism of dexmedetomidine (DEX) in postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMOP) .Methods:Twenty-seven patients with PMOP admitted to Yantai Yantaishan Hospital from Jan. 2020 to Jan. 2021 were selected as PMOP group, and 20 healthy volunteers were selected as Normal group. The differentially expressed miRNAs in PMOP were screened, clinically, the expression of miR-483-3p and catenin beta 1 (CTNNB1) in serum samples of patients with PMOP was detected by qRT-PCR. In vitro experiment, Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) were induced into osteoblasts, Dex was used to treat BMSCs and intervene the expression of miR-483-3p, CTNNB1 in BMSCs, the expression level of osteogenesis related indexes (RUNX2、OCN、OPN) was detected. After coculturing Human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVECs) with BMSCs, angiogenesis experiment was utilized to detect the angiogenesis ability.Results:Compared with Normal group (1±0.46) (1.03±0.44) , the expression of miR-483-3p (3.23±1.61) was increased in serum of PMOP patients while expression of CTNNB1 (0.50±0.27) was inhibited ( t=5.99, P<0.001) ( t=5.14, P<0.001) . miR-483-3p has a good diagnostic effect on PMOP (AUC=0.86, P<0.001) . After Dex treatment, miR-483-3p level was decreased in BMSCs, CTNNB1 level was increased (all P<0.05) . Dex promoted the expression of RUNX2, OCN, OPN and number of angiogenesis, but this effect was partially reversed by miR-483-3p overexpression (all P<0.05) . CTNNB1 was confirmed as a target gene of miR-483-3p, the inhibition effects of miR-483-3p overexpression on osteogenic differentiation and angiogenesis of BMSCs induced by Dex was partially reversed by CTNNB1 overexpression (all P<0.05) . Conclusion:Dex enhanced CTNNB1 level in PMOP via inhibiting miR-483-3p, subsequently promoted osteogenic differentiation and angiogenesis of BMSCs and inhibited progression of PMOP.

15.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1807-1812, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954838

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) of pulse oximetry among pediatric healthcare providers in China and analyze the factor influencing the KAP.Methods:A self-developed questionnaire was used for an online research on the KAP of 11 849 pediatric healthcare providers from 31 provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities of China from March 11 to 14, 2022.The factors influencing the KAP of pulse oximetry among pediatric healthcare providers were examined by Logistic regression. Results:The scores of KAP, of pulse oximetry were 5.57±0.96, 11.24±1.25 and 11.19±4.54, respectively.The corresponding scoring rates were 69.61%, 74.95%, and 55.99%, respectively. Logistic regression results showed that the gender and working years of pediatric healthcare providers, the region they were located, and whether their medical institution was equipped with pulse oximeters were the main factors affecting the knowledge score (all P<0.05). Main factors influencing the attitude score of pediatric healthcare providers included their knowledge score, gender, educational background, working years, region, medical institution level, and whether the medical institution was equipped with pulse oximeters (all P<0.05). For the practice score, the main influencing factors were the knowledge score, gender, age, and whether the medi-cal institution was equipped with pulse oximeters (all P<0.05). Conclusions:Chinese pediatric healthcare providers need to further improve their knowledge about and attitudes towards pulse oximetry.Pulse oximeters are evidently under-used.It is urgent to formulate policies or guidelines, strengthen education and training, improve knowledge and attitudes, equip more institutions with pulse oximeters, and popularize their application in medical institutions.

16.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1761-1772, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954830

ABSTRACT

Hypoxemia is a common complication of pneumonia, asthma, and bronchopulmonary dysplasia in children.Rapid identification of hypoxemia is of great significance for the disposal and management of critical children.Pulse oximetry is recognized by the World Health Organization as the best way to monitor hypoxemia in children, and it can monitor pulse oxygen saturation noninvasively and continuously.Based on the related literature at home and abroad, combined with the clinical needs of pediatrics, the " Expert consensus on clinical application of pulse oximetry in children" is formulated to improve the understanding of pediatricians and nurses on the application in pediatric clinical practice, principle, operation techniques, and limitations of pulse oximetry.

17.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 551-555, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932101

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the effects of biofeedback dialysis mode of blood volume monitoring on cardiac function in the maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients with intra-dialytic hypotension (IDH).Methods:40 patients who underwent maintenance hemodialysis in Suzhou Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University from September 2018 to December 2020 and had IDH for many times were selected. They were divided into standard dialysis (SHD) group and biofeedback dialysis mode of blood volume monitoring (BVM) group, with 20 cases in each group. In the first 12 weeks of the first stage, the patients in both groups were treated with standard dialysis, and in the second 12 weeks, they were treated with maintenance hemodialysis according to standard dialysis and biofeedback dialysis mode of blood volume monitoring. The incidence of IDH and the changes of blood pressure before and after dialysis, body weight, ultrafiltration volume, B-type brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVEDD), left ventricular posterior wall thickness (LVPW), inlet ventricular septal defect (IVSD), mitral valve flow spectrum E/A value (E/A) and left ventricular mass index (LVMI) were observed.Results:(1) In the second stage of treatment, the number of IDH requiring nursing intervention in BVM group was significantly lower than that in SHD group ( P<0.05). (2) The difference of blood pressure change in BVM group during the second stage of treatment was significantly lower than that in the first stage and SHD group ( P<0.05). (3) In the second stage of treatment, the ultrafiltration volume of patients in BVM group was significantly higher than that in the first stage, and the BNP and body weight were significantly lower than that in the first stage (all P<0.05). However, the body weight, BNP and ultrafiltration volume of patients in SHD group had no significan change in the two stages of treatment (all P>0.05). (4) After treatment, the LVID, LVPW, IVSD and LVMI in BVM group were significantly lower than those before treatment, and LVEF and E/A were significantly higher than those before treatment (all P<0.05). However, there was no significant change in echocardiographic indexes in SHD group before and after treatment (all P>0.05). Conclusions:The biofeedback dialysis mode of blood volume monitoring can significantly reduce the occurrence of IDH, and this dialysis mode can effectively improve the cardiac function of MHD patients with hypotension.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2348-2357, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929403

ABSTRACT

One of the distinct hallmarks of cancer cells is aerobic glycolysis (Warburg effect). Lactate dehydrogenase A (LDHA) is thought to play a key role in aerobic glycolysis and has been extensively studied, while lactate dehydrogenase C (LDHC), an isoform of LDHA, has received much less attention. Here we showed that human LDHC was significantly expressed in lung cancer tissues, overexpression of Ldhc in mice could promote tumor growth, and knock-down of LDHC could inhibit the proliferation of lung cancer A549 cells. We solved the first crystal structure of human LDHC4 and found that the active-site loop of LDHC4 adopted a distinct conformation compared to LDHA4 and lactate dehydrogenase B4 (LDHB4). Moreover, we found that (ethylamino) (oxo)acetic acid shows about 10 times selective inhibition against LDHC4 over LDHA4 and LDHB4. Our studies suggest that LDHC4 is a potential target for anticancer drug discovery and (ethylamino) (oxo)acetic acid provides a good start to develop lead compounds for selective drugs targeting LDHC4.

19.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 827-831, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955322

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the changes of subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT) and choroidal volume in type 2 diabetes patients with diabetic retinopathy (DR) through automated choroid segmentation.Methods:A cross-sectional study was conducted.Sixty-four patients (88 eyes) with type 2 diabetes diagnosed in The First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University from May 2016 to May 2017 were enrolled, including 27 males (32 eyes) and 37 females (56 eyes), with an average age of (62.7±7.4) years and an average diabetes duration of (13.7±7.2) years.Best corrected visual acuity, slit lamp ophthalmoscopy, indirect ophthalmoscopy and spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) examination were carried out among all the patients.The patients were divided into non-DR (NDR) group (28 eyes), nonproliferative DR (NPDR) group (36 eyes) and proliferative DR (PDR) group (24 eyes) according to the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study.Nineteen age-matched normal subjects (32 eyes) were enrolled as normal control group.SFCT and choroidal volume were measured through automated choroid segmentation based on SD-OCT with enhanced depth imaging.This study adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki.The study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of The First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University (No.2017-SR-176).Results:Mean SFCT and choroidal volume of normal control group, NDR group, NPDR group and PDR group were (277.8±45.3)μm and (8.8±1.0)mm 3, (220.9±38.7)μm and (7.6±1.3)mm 3, (231.8±26.7)μm and (8.2±0.9)mm 3, (252.0±42.2)μm and (8.7±1.0)mm 3, respectively, with significant overall differences among the groups ( F=14.615, P<0.001; F=7.711, P<0.001). Mean SFCT and choroidal volume were significantly smaller in NDR and NPDR group than those in normal control group (both at P<0.05). Mean SFCT and choroidal volume of PDR group was greater than those of NDR group (both at P<0.05). Conclusions:SFCT and choroidal volume decrease during the early course of diabetes and increase significantly as DR worsens from NDR to PDR.

20.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 149-153, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004330

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the polymorphism of HPA-1-6w, HPA-15 and 32bw-35bw in platelet donors in Deyang, Sichuan, and estimate whether to include the detection of 32bw-35bw in the platelet bank. 【Methods】 Polymerase chain reaction with sequenced based typing (PCR-SBT) was used to sequence the HPA-1-6w, HPA-15 and 32bw-35bw loci of 205 platelet donors in Deyang. Allele frequencies were calculated by the direct counting method. The frequencies of HPA-1-6 and 15 alleles in northern and southern Chinese, Japanese and Australian population were compared, and those HPA loci and HPA-32bw-35bw were searched in the Chinese Millionome Database (CMDB) and genomAD to obtain the polymorphism data. Then the Chi-square test was performed with the data of this study through GraphPad Prism 9 software. 【Results】 The allele frequencies of HPA-1b, 2b, 3b, 5b, 6bw and HPA-15b were 0.005(2/410), 0.037(15/410), 0.471(193/410), 0.020(8/410), 0.010(4/410) and 0.461(189/410), respectively, b allele of HPA-32bw-35bw and HPA-4 was not detected. Statistical significance was observed between the HPA-1b allele frequency of this study and northern Chinese, Australian population and genomAD global population sample (P< 0.05, 0.005 vs 0.014 vs 0.145 vs 0.122). The frequency of HPA-2b alleles in this study, Japanese population and genomAD global population samples was 0.037 vs 0.120 vs 0.100, with statistical difference(P<0.05). Comparison of HPA-5b and HPA-6bw allele frequencies with those of genomAD global population showed a statistical difference (P<0.05, 0.020 vs 0.089 and 0.010 vs 0.000 008, respectively). 【Conclusion】 The polymorphisms of HPA-1-6w and HPA-15 of donors in Deyang has characteristics of the southern Chinese. The frequencies of HPA-32bw-35bw were extremely low, which could be excluded from the platelet bank in Deyang.

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