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1.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 288-303, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016367

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To examined gene mutations in thymic carcinoma (TC) patients and to explore prognostic correlates and potential targets for therapy. Methods We retrospectively included TC patients in Sichuan Cancer Hospital between January 2015 and Febuary 2021.Whole-exome sequencing was performed on tumor tissues from TC patients and their control peripheral blood samples, and the raw data were subjected to bioinformatics analysis and statistical analysis. Results We finally included 24 TC patients with 16 males and 8 females at a median age of 55 (42-74) years. The highest frequency of single nucleotide mutations in this cohort were in the TTN gene (42%), HSPG2 (29%), and OBSCN (29%). Higher frequency of copy number variations occurred in ZNF276 gene (54%, loss), BEND3 (50%, loss), DHODH (50%, loss), and VAC14 (50%, loss). Microsatellite instability (MSI) phenotype was found in 25% of the patients, and the mean tumor mutation burden (TMB) was 9.86. Conclusion This study is the first comprehensive analysis of the mutation profile of thymic carcinoma in China to date. The mutation frequencies of TTN, OBSCN, and ZNF276 genes were high. The biomarker analysis suggests that patients may benefit from immunotherapy and have a long effective survival.

2.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 55-61, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015142

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between nuclear factor(NF)-κB signaling pathway and gender differences in alcoholic liver fibrosis. Methods C57BL/6 N mice at 7-8 weeks of age were randomly divided into: male normal group, male model group, female normal group and female model group of 20 mice each. The normal group was fed with control liquid diet for 8 weeks, and the model group was fed with alcoholic liquid diet for 8 weeks combined with 31.5% ethanol gavage (5g/kg twice a week) to establish an alcoholic liver fibrosis model. The mice were executed at the end of 8 weekends, and the alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) activity, estradiol (E

3.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 188-197, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014559

ABSTRACT

Emerging evidences suggest that ferroptosis plays a vital role in the pathophysiological process of brain injury after Ischemic stroke. Accumulating evidence supports pharmacological inhibition of ferroptosis as a therapeutic target for brain injury after Ischemic stroke through activating nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), which transcriptionally controls many key components of the ferroptosis pathway. In this review, briefly describe ferroptosis processes and the roles they play in contributing to brain injury after ischemic stroke in the brain. We then provide a critical overview of the relationship between Nrf2 signalling and ferroptosis. With a focus on discuss how therapeutic modulation of the Nrf2 pathway is a viable strategy to explore in the treatment of ferroptosis-driven brain injury after Ischemic stroke.

4.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 229-233, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013624

ABSTRACT

Alzheimer' s disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder histologically characterized by the presence of senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) found in and around pyramidal neurons in cortical tissue. Mounting evidence suggests regional increased iron load and dyshomeostasis have been associated with oxidative stress, oxidation of proteins and lipids, and cell death, and appears to be a risk factor for more rapid cognitive decline, thereby involved in multiple aspects of the pathophysiology of AD. Ferroptosis is a newly identified iron-dependent lipid peroxidation-driven cell death and emerging evidences have demonstrated the involvement of ferroptosis in the pathological process of AD. Notably, some novel compounds targeting ferroptosis can relieve AD-related pathological symptoms in AD cells and animal model and exhibit potential clinical benefits in AD patients. This review systematically summarizes the growing molecular and clinical evidence implicating ferroptosis in the pathogenesis of AD, and then reviews the application of ferroptosis inhibitors in mouse/cell models to provide valuable information for future treatment and prevention of AD.

5.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1-5, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013595

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a progressive and fatal disease. The dysfunction of pulmonary artery endothelial cells (PAECs) is one of its important pathogenic factors. PAECs are monolayer flat epithelial cells, which play an important role in maintaining pulmonary vascular homeostasis. Studies have found that PAECs show damage and apoptosis at the early stage of PH development, while PAECs show anti-apoptotic characteristics at the late stage of PH development. The transition of PAECs into mesenchymal cells induced by hypoxic and inflammatory factors is also involved in the pathogenesis of PH. Carcinoid metabolism and mitochondrial dysfunction, bone mor- phogenic type 2 receptor mutation, epigenetic changes and inflammation of PAECs are the main pathogenesis of pulmonary vascular endothelial dysfunction in PH patients. New therapeutic measures targeting PAECs dysfunction are expected to play an important role in the treatment of PH in the future.

6.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 375-378, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013525

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The study aims to explore the neural mechanism of cognitive differences in college students with posttraumatic stress disorder under verbal fluency task based on functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS), so as to provide neuroimaging support for the evaluation, diagnosis and treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder(PTSD).@*Methods@#Posttaumatic Stress Disorder Checklist Combat(PCL-C) was used to screen the subjects, including 21 students in PTSD group (PCL-C≥38) and 30 students in control group from September to Novenber in 2020. A 53 channel near infrared spectroscopy device was used to collect cerebral blood oxygen signals under the verbal fluency task, and correlation analysis, Mann Whitney U test and independent sample t test were performed on the results.@*Results@#The difference in the total average score of PCL-C Scale between PTSD group and the control group(46.38±6.96,25.57±6.09) was statistically significant ( t=11.33, P <0.05). Correlation analysis showed that Avg-HbO in left dorsolateral prefrontal lobe was negatively correlated with PCL-C Score ( r=-0.37, P <0.05). Mann Whitney U test showed that in the left dorsolateral prefrontal lobe (Ch6), the Avg-HbO change in PTSD group [0.19(-0.09, 0.86)mmol/(L〖KG*7〗·mm)] was significantly lower than the control group [0.79( 0.37 , 1.47)mmol/(L ·mm)] ( Z=2.16, P <0.05), which was statistically significant.@*Conclusions@#The degree of PTSD was negatively correlated with the index of oxygenated hemoglobin in the left dorsolateral prefrontal lobe, and the oxygenated hemoglobin content in the PTSD group was lower than that in the normal group. In the future, fNIRS may be used to collect blood oxygen signals from the left dorsolateral prefrontal lobe in cognitive tasks to provide imaging evidence for the identification of PTSD.

7.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 255-262, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013505

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To summarize and analyze the clinical diagnosis, surgical treatment and prognosis of multiple pulmonary nodules (MPNs). Methods The clinical data of lung cancer patients who received surgical treatment in our hospital from 2018 to 2020 were collected. The short-term efficacy of surgical treatment for MPNs was analyzed. Results A total of 97 patients were enrolled, including 30 males and 67 females with an average age of 56.1±10.0 years at onset ill. There were 62 patients with double lesions, 22 patients with three lesions, 4 patients with four lesions, and 9 patients with more than four lesions. A total of 213 lesions were surgically treated, including 88 pure ground-glass nodules, 81 partially solid nodules, and 7 solid nodules. There were 87 simultaneous surgeries and 10 staged surgeries, with an average operation interval of 5.2 months. The pathological combination type included adenocarcinoma-adenocarcinoma in 96 (99.0%) patients, squamous cell carcinoma-squamous cell carcinoma in 1 (1.0%) patient, and no lymph node metastasis was found. The 2-year disease-free survival (DFS) rate was 92.1%, and the overall survival (OS) rate was 100.0%. Univariate analysis showed that high-risk lesion size>2 cm (P=0.316), residual lesions (P=0.782) and pathological combination type (P=0.913) had statistical effect on the 2-year DFS rate. Conclusion MPNs are mainly diagnosed with multiple primary lung cancers, and the pathological combination is mostly adenocarcinoma-adenocarcinoma combination. Imaging examination is of great help to the surgical approach selection, diagnosis and differential diagnosis of MPNs. During the operation, maximal preservation of lung function and complete resection of high-risk nodules should be taken as the principle, and the prognosis is satisfactory.

8.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 297-302, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012503

ABSTRACT

In recent years, with the development of organ preservation, surgical techniques, perioperative management and immunosuppression regimens, the success rate of liver transplantation and survival rate of the recipients have been significantly enhanced. Liver transplantation has become the optimal treatment for patients with end-stage liver disease. However, biliary complications still commonly occur after liver transplantation, especially biliary anastomotic stricture. Severe biliary anastomotic stricture will not only increase the cost of treatment, but also lead to graft loss and even affect the survival rate of recipients. Therefore, timely diagnosis and treatment of biliary anastomotic stricture play a significant role in improving the survival rate of liver transplant recipients. In this article, the risk factors, clinical symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of biliary anastomotic stricture after liver transplantation were reviewed, aiming to provide novel ideas for the research, diagnosis and treatment of biliary anastomotic stricture after liver transplantation, and further enhance clinical efficacy of liver transplantation and the quality of life of recipients.

9.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 749-752, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985818

ABSTRACT

The gallbladder is the most common site of tumor occurrence among biliary tract cancer. Gallbladder cancer accounts for approximately 0.6% of new cancers and 0.9% of cancer-related deaths. The risk factors identified for the development of gallbladder cancer include being female,>65 years of age, asymptomatic gallstone disease,and obesity. Surgical resection is the only curative treatment for early-stage gallbladder cancer, and some intermediate or advanced gallbladder cancers can be radically cured by extended resection. However, the extent of liver resection or lymph node dissection and whether to combine it with bile duct removal, revascularisation,and multiple organ resection remain somewhat controversial. After neoadjuvant treatment, up to a third of patients with locally advanced gallbladder cancer benefit from secondary surgical treatment. Only a small proportion of patients with gallbladder cancer at high risk for recurrence will benefit from postoperative adjuvant therapy. With the advent of different target-targeted drugs and the use of genetic tests in biliary tract cancer, targeted therapy and PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors may become the new standard of care for gallbladder cancer and need to be further explored.

10.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 877-884, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985607

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the association between muscle mass and quality of life in adults in Shaanxi adults. Methods: The data in this analysis were part of the baseline survey of the Regional Ethnic Cohort Study in Northwest China from June 2018 to May 2019 in Shaanxi Province. The participants' quality of life, including physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS), was assessed by the 12-Item Short Form Survey, and the Body Fat Determination System measured muscle mass. A logistic regression model with adjustment for confounding factors was established to analyze the association between muscle mass and quality of life in different genders. Further, sensitivity and subgroup analyses were conducted to explore its stability. Finally, a restricted cubic spline was employed to investigate the dose-response relationship between muscle mass and quality of life in different genders. Results: A total of 20 595 participants were included, with an average age of 55.0, and 33.4% were male. After controlling for potential confounders, compared with the Q1 group, the risk of low PCS was reduced by 20.6% (OR=0.794, 95%CI: 0.681-0.925) and the risk of low MCS was lower reduced by 20.1% (OR=0.799, 95%CI: 0.689-0.926) in female Q5 groups. Compared with the Q1 group, the risk of low PCS was reduced by 24.4% (OR=0.756, 95%CI: 0.644-0.888) in the male Q2 group. However, no significant association between muscle mass and MCS in males has been found. In females, restricted cubic spline analysis showed a significant linear dose-response relationship between muscle mass and PCS and MCS. Conclusions: There is a positive association between muscle mass and quality of life in Shaanxi adults, especially females. With the increase in muscle mass, the physical and mental functions of the population continue to improve.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Male , Quality of Life , Cohort Studies , Adipose Tissue , China , Muscles
11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 539-545, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982092

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the relationship between occurrence of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) and various immune cell composition in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 104 patients with AML undergoing allo-HSCT in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed, and the hematopoietic reconstitution and occurrence of GVHD were analyzed. Flow cytometry was used to detect the proportion of various types of immune cells in the grafts, the number of graft composition in patients with different degrees of aGVHD was calculated and compared, and to analyze the correlation between the severity of aGVHD in AML patients after allo-HSCT and the immune cell components in the graft.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in the time of hematopoietic reconstitution between the high number group of total number of nucleated cells (TNC) and the low number group, while the time of neutrophil and platelet reconstruction in the high number of CD34 group was significantly faster than that in the low number of CD34 group (P<0.05), and the total hospital stay also tends to be shorten. Compared with patients in 0-Ι aGVHD group, both HLA-matched and HLA-haploidentical transplantation, the infusion amounts of CD3+ cells, CD3+CD4+ cells, CD3+CD8+ cells, NK cells and CD14+ monocytes were higher in patients of Ⅱ-Ⅳ aGVHD group, but the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05); In addition, in patients with HLA-haploidentical transplantation, the number of CD4+CD25+ cells in Ⅱ-Ⅳ aGVHD group was significantly lower than that in 0-Ι aGVHD group (P<0.05), and the same trend was also observed in HLA-matched transplanted patients, but the difference was not significant (P=0.078).@*CONCLUSION@#High number of CD34+ cells in the graft is beneficial to hematopoietic reconstitution in AML patients. To a certain degree, high number of CD3+ cells, CD3+CD4+ cells, CD3+CD8+ cells, NK cells and CD14+ cells tend to increase the occurrence of aGVHD, but high number of CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells is beneficial to reduce the incidence of aGVHD in AML patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retrospective Studies , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/complications , Graft vs Host Disease
12.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1407-1414, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996999

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To analyze the clinicopathological characteristics of thymoma patients and the influencing factors for prognosis. Methods     Thymoma patients who received treatment in Sichuan Cancer Hospital from March 2015 to March 2021 were collected. Clinical data of the patients were analyzed using Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses. Results     A total of 177 patients were included. There were 89 males and 88 females aged 17-88 (52.3±13.0) years, including 160 surgical patients and 17 non-surgical patients. There were 160 patients survived, 17 died of thymoma, and 5 had recurrence and metastasis. Overall, the 1-year, 3-year and 5-year progression-free survival rates were 94.4%, 88.7%, 88.1%, respectively; the 1-year, 3-year and 5-year overall survival rates were 94.9%, 91.5%, 91.0%, respectively. The Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that World Health Organization classification, clinical symptoms, Masaoka-Koga staging, treatment methods and surgery were statistically associated with progression-free survival; clinical symptoms, age, treatment methods and surgery were statistically associated with overall survival (P<0.05). Patients with younger age (P=0.018), without clinical symptoms (P=0.039), and with surgical treatment (P=0.004) had higher overall survival rates; those patients undergoing surgery had a higher progression-free survival rate (P=0.002). Conclusion     Age, clinical symptoms and surgical treatment are independent factors influencing the prognosis of patients with thymoma.

13.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1235-1239, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996952

ABSTRACT

@#Telephone follow-up is one of the important ways to follow up patients. High-quality follow-up can benefit both doctors and patients. However, clinical research-related follow-up is often faced with problems such as time-consuming, laborious and poor patient compliance. The authors belong to a team that has been committed to the study of patient-reported outcomes for a long time. The team has carried out long-term follow-up of symptoms, daily function and postoperative complications of more than 1 000 patients after lung cancer surgery, and accumulated certain experience. In this paper, the experience of telephone follow-up was summarized and discussed with relevant literatures from the aspects of clarifying the purpose of clinical research follow-up, understanding the needs of patients in follow-up, and using follow-up skills.

14.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1151-1157, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996870

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To investigate the risk factors for postoperative complications Clavien-Dindo classification≥grade Ⅱ after lung cancer surgery. Methods     The patients who underwent lung cancer surgery in a multicenter observational study from November 2017 to January 2020 were included. The Clavien-Dindo classification of postoperative complications was analyzed. Logistic regression was used to identify the risk factors for complications≥ gradeⅡ. Results     A total of 388 patients were enrolled, including 203 males and 185 females with a mean age of 56.14±10.36 years. The incidence of postoperative complications was 25.52% (99/388) after lung cancer surgery and the incidence of complications≥gradeⅡ was 20.10% (78/388). The five most common postoperative complications were pneumonia (6.96%), prolonged pulmonary air leak (>7 days, 5.67%), incision dehiscence (4.64%), arrhythmia (3.87%), and postoperative pleural effusion (3.35%). Multivariate analysis showed that open surgery [reference: uniportal thoracoscopic surgery, OR=2.18, 95%CI (1.01, 4.70), P=0.047], extended resection [reference: sublobar resection, OR=2.86, 95%CI (1.11, 7.19), P=0.030; reference: lobectomy, OR=2.20, 95%CI (1.10, 4.40), P=0.026] and operative time≥3 h [OR=2.07, 95%CI (1.12, 3.85), P=0.021] were independent risk factors for postoperative complications≥gradeⅡ after lung cancer surgery. Conclusion     Surgical approach, extent of resection and operative time are independent influencing factors for postoperative complications≥gradeⅡ after lung cancer surgery.

15.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 371-375, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996241

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation of central compartment lymph node metastasis(CLNM) in stage T 1a solitary papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) with the clinicopathological characteristics, sonographic features and the number of lymph node dissection, and to analyze the risk factors of CLNM. Methods:The data of 218 patients with stage T 1a solitary PTC who underwent thyroid cancer surgery from January 2017 to May 2021 in Tangshan Union Medical College Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were divided into CLNM positive group and CLNM negative group according to CLNM. The age, gender, preoperative sonographic features, pathological type, the number of lymph node dissection and the number of metastasis were recorded. Logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors of CLNM. Results:Among 218 patients, there were 71 cases (32.6%) in CLNM positive group and 147 cases (67.4%) in CLNM negative group. There were statistically significant differences in age, tumor diameter, capsular invasion in thyroid or not, tumor blood supply or not, and the number of lymph node dissection between two groups (all P < 0.05). There were no statistically significant differences in gender, clear tumor boundary or not, tumor shape, tumor aspect ratio, calcification, nodular goiter and Hashimoto's thyroiditis or not (all P > 0.05). Multivariate binary logistic regression analysis showed that age < 55 years ( OR = 2.995, 95% CI 1.228-7.307), capsular invasion in thyroid ( OR = 5.297, 95% CI 2.494-11.248) and the number of lymph node dissection ≥6 ( OR = 4.085, 95% CI 2.059-8.104) were independent risk factors of CLNM (all P < 0.05). Conclusions:Patients with stage T 1a solitary PTC, age < 55 years and capsular invasion in thyroid are prone to CLNM; sufficient number of lymph node dissection can get more accurate CLNM rate.

16.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 108-112, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996044

ABSTRACT

The performance appraisal of tertiary public hospitals is key to their high-quality development. Since 2019, Children′s Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine has taken the following measures to leverage performance appraisal. Namely promoting medical technology innovation to enhance the diagnosis and treatment capabilities of difficult and critical diseases; Reasonably setting a target system, improving the performance appraisal mechanism of the hospital; Improving operational efficiency, enhancing the sense of gain by children patients; Building a high-quality talent pool, promoting sustainable development, and effectively promoting high-quality development of hospitals. These measures can provide reference for promoting the high-quality development of hospitals.

17.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 39-41, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994949

ABSTRACT

It is difficult to insert long-term dialysis catheters after severe stenosis or occlusion of the internal jugular vein and innominate vein. We used REcanalisation and balloon-oriented puncture for Re-insertion of dialysis catheter in nonpatent central veins (REBORN) in seven patients with severe central venous lesions, and all patients were inserted with long-term dialysis catheters successfully. None had severe complications such as pneumothorax, hemothorax, or pulmonary embolism during operation. All catheters functioned well after postoperative follow-up of 2 months. REBORN provides a novel approach to establish difficult dialysis pathways.

18.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 246-251, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993317

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical features in patients with acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP) complicated by hemorrhage, and to analyze the treatments and their outcomes.Methods:The clinical data of 44 ANP patients with hemorrhage managed at the Department of Pancreas Center, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from September 2015 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 34 males and 10 females, aged (48.9±12.2) years old. Clinical data were collected on the bleeding sites, bleeding interventions, and treatment outcomes. Follow-up visits were made by outpatients visits or telephone.Results:Of the 44 patients with bleeding, 8 had gastrointestinal bleeding, 31 had intra-abdominal bleeding, and the remaining 5 had mixed bleeding sites. The median interval from onset of ANP to development of hemorrhage was 30.5(20.8, 40.3) d. For the 13 patients with gastrointestinal bleeding and mixed sites of bleeding: 4 patients were successfully treated by endoscopically for upper gastrointestinal ulcers, 5 patients were successfully treated by endovascular embolization using digital subtraction angiography (DSA) to detect the sites of bleeding, and 4 patients were successfully treated by surgery. For the 31 patients with intra-abdominal hemorrhage: 24 underwent DSA. For the 7 patients who did not undergo DSA, 3 who were hemodynamically stable were treated conservatively, 2 underwent immediate open surgery to stop bleeding within 24 h after surgical debridement of infected pancreatic necrosis, 1 did not undergo DSA because the family members decided to abandon further treatment, and 1 died while preparing for DSA. For the 29 patients who underwent DSA, vascular abnormalities were found in 69.0%(20/29), with splenic artery hemorrhage being the most common. In the 44 patients with bleeding: 29.5%(13/44) were examined by endoscopy, and 4 were successfully stopped by endoscopic treatment; 65.9%(29/44) patients were examined by DSA, and 15 patients were successfully treated by intravascular embolization; 14 patients (31.9%) were treated by open surgery and 11 patients were successfully stopped. The mortality rate was 47.7%(21/44), of which 5 patients died from hemorrhagic shock complicated by multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) and 16 patients died from sepsis complicated by MODS. The mortality rate of 55.6%(20/36) in patients with intra-abdominal and mixed sites of bleeding was significantly higher than that of the 12.5%(1/8) in patients with gastrointestinal bleeding ( P=0.048). None of the 23 surviving patients developed recurrence of intra-abdominal and/or gastrointestinal bleeding on follow-up. Conclusion:Major bleeding commonly occurred about 1 month after ANP and it was associated with a higher in-hospital mortality rate. DSA, endoscopy, and open surgery were effective means to achieve hemostasis.

19.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 325-332, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993195

ABSTRACT

Objective:To validate the feasibility of the gamma analysis method in the study of prescription dose conversion between logistic nanodosimetry model (LNDM) and microdosimetric kinetic model (MKM) basing on the Chinese self-developed model LNDM by applying clinical experiences of National Institute of Radiological Science (NIRS).Methods:Physical dose distributions derived from the MKM- and LNDM-based carbon ion treatment plans were compared via the method of gamma analysis under the open-source treatment planning platform matRad. In this way, the prescribed dose conversion factor between the MKM- and LNDM-based treatment plans was obtained. Using water phantoms, the influence of geometric shape, size, depth of target volume (TV), prescribed dose and field setting on the conversion factor was investigated comprehensively. Moreover, preliminary verification of the acquired conversion factor was conducted on the C-shape model and a case of liver cancer patient.Results:The conversion factor depended on the field setting rather than the TV shape. Under the condition of single field, the conversion factor was positively correlated with the size and depth of TV, and the prescribed dose. Moreover, the conversion factor was successfully verified using the C-shape model and the patient with liver cancer, where the gamma passing rates (2%/2 mm) of the physical dose distribution generated by the MKM and LNDM treatment plans were 92.79% and 91.19%, respectively.Conclusions:The conversion factors (f=D LNDM/D MKM) obtained in this study might provide guidance for the prescribed dose setting during the carbon ion treatment planning based on the LNDM. Besides, the gamma analysis method could be used for the study of the prescribed dose conversion between different models.

20.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 515-522, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992856

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility of deep learning-based restoration of obscured thyroid ultrasound images.Methods:A total of 358 images of thyroid nodules were retropectively collected from January 2020 to October 2021 at Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, and the images were randomly masked and restored using DeepFillv2. The difference in grey values between the images before and after restoration was compared, and 6 sonographers (2 chief physicians, 2 attending physicians, 2 residents) were invited to compare the rate of correctness of judgement and detection of image discrepancies. The ultrasound features of thyroid nodules (solid composition, microcalcifications, markedly hypoechoic, ill-defined or irregular margins, or extrathyroidal extensions, vertical orientation and comet-tail artifact) were extracted according to the Chinese Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (C-TIRADS). The consistency of ultrasound features of thyroid nodules before and after restoration were compared.Results:The mean squared error of the images before and after restoration ranged from 0.274 to 0.522, and there were significant differences in the rate of correctness of judgement and detection of image discrepancies between physicians of different groups(all P<0.001). The overall accuracy rate was 51.95%, the overall detection rate was 1.79%, there were significant differences also within the chief physicians and resident groups (all P<0.001). The agreement rate of all ultrasound features of the nodules before and after image restoration was higher than 70%, over 90% agreement rate for features such as solid composition and comet-tail artifact. Conclusions:The algorithm can effectively repair obscured thyroid ultrasound images while preserving image features, which is expected to expand the deep learning image database, and promote the development of deep learning in the field of ultrasound images.

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