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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007229

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect and safety of magnetic resonance imaging and transrectal ultrasound (mpMRI-TRUS) image fusion targeted transperineal biopsy technique using electromagnetic needle tracking under local anesthesia. Methods We retrospectively analyzed the clinical and pathological data of 81 patients with mpMRI-TRUS image fusion targeted transperineal prostate biopsy using electromagnetic needle tracking under local anesthesia. Visual analog scale (VAS) and visual numeric scale (VNS) were used to evaluate the pain level and satisfaction of patients during prostate biopsy (VAS-1 and VNS-1), one hour after puncture (VAS-2 and VNS-2), and one day after surgery (VAS-3 and VNS-3). The perioperative clinical data and tumor positive rate of postoperative biopsy were recorded. Results The average prostate volume of 81 patients was 53.39±29.46 cm3. The PSA values of patients with PI-RADS scores of 2, 3, 4, and 5 were 9.14±2.31, 9.95±4.10, 14.77±6.36, and 32.17±24.39 ng/ml, respectively. The scores of VAS-1, VAS-2, and VAS-3 were 1.70±0.73, 1.16±0.58, and 0.53±0.55, respectively; the scores of VNS-1, VNS-2, and VNS-3 were 2.74±0.44, 3.69±0.46, and 3.84±0.37, respectively. The average surgical time was 17.47±3.44 minutes. Postoperative pathological results showed that the tumor positive rate of targeted prostate biopsy was 64.20%. According to the PI-RADS score for subgroup analysis, the tumor positive rates of patients with PI-RADS scores of 2, 3, 4, and 5 were 21.43%, 44.44%, 61.11%, and 96.77%, respectively. After transperineal prostate biopsy, gross hematuria occurred in 19.75% patients, and urinary retention occurred in 3.70%. The latter were relieved after symptomatic treatment. All patients did not experience complications, such as perineal puncture area hematoma, urinary tract infection, hematospermia, hematoma in perineal puncture area, urinary tract infection, hematospermia, vagus nerve reaction, or septic shock. Conclusion For suspected prostate cancer patients, mpMRI-TRUS image fusion targeted transperineal biopsy technique using electromagnetic needle tracking under local anesthesia is a feasible and easily tolerated surgical procedure. It has good safety and high tumor positive-detection rate, indicating that this technique is worthy of further clinical promotion and application.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996336

ABSTRACT

@#National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) has updated and released the latest content of NCCN guidelines version 1. 2023 thymomas and thymic carcinomas (known as "guidelines"). The guideline sets standards for the diagnosis and treatment of thymoma and thymic carcinoma based on high quality clinical evidence and the latest advances in research. There have been some updates and revisions in the latest two versions of the guidelines, mainly focusing on the principles of radiotherapy, the principles of systematic therapy, multidisciplinary participation and the improvement of some footnotes, compared with the first version of the guidelines in 2022. In this paper, the contents of the new guideline will be interpreted in order to provide reference for the work of thymoma and thymic carcinoma in our country at the present stage.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996157

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Yi Jin Jing(Sinew-transforming Qigong Exercises)intervention on anxiety in asymptomatic patients with Corona Virus Disease 2019(COVID-19)infection during quarantine.Methods:A total of 160 asymptomatic patients with COVID-19 infection were stratified by gender and divided into an observation group and a control group by the stratified randomization method,with 80 cases in each group.The control group was given basic nursing in the cabin,and the observation group was given additional Yi Jin Jing exercises once a day,20 min each time,and trained continuously until 1 d before leaving the cabin.The Hamilton anxiety scale(HAMA)score was compared between the two groups.Results:A total of 154 cases were included for data analysis in this study,including 74 cases in the observation group and 80 cases in the control group.After intervention,the HAMA scores in both groups increased(P<0.05),while the score in the observation group was lower than that in the control group(P<0.05).In the control group,the HAMA score of females after intervention was higher than that of males.The scores of mental anxiety and somatic anxiety in both groups were higher than those before intervention,while the score of mental anxiety in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control(P<0.05).However,there was no statistical difference in the somatic score between the two groups(P>0.05).Conclusion:Patients with COVID-19 infection will get anxious during quarantine.Yi Jin Jing exercise can effectively reduce the aggravation of anxiety in asymptomatic patients with COVID-19 infection during concentrated quarantine.

4.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E059-E064, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987914

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the action effect of traditional and modified lumbar massage obliquity manipulation with different degrees of lumbar degeneration. Methods The biomechanical model of quality-spring-damping system lumbar spine was established and massage forces from professional massage doctors were collected. The force was used as input of the model, and lumbar degeneration was simulated by increasing elastic coefficient of the spring and damping coefficient of the damping in the model. By using MATLAB/ Simulink simulation technology, the effects of massage obliquity manipulation ( the maximum relative displacement and maximum acceleration) with different degrees of lumbar degeneration were obtained for comparative analysis.Results When the lumbar spine was degenerative, the maximum relative displacement and maximum acceleration of each segment were obtained under two manipulations. With the increase of lumbar degenerationdegree, the maximum relative displacement and maximum acceleration of each segment under two manipulations showed a downward trend, and the attenuation rate of the maximum relative displacement and maximum acceleration of each segment under two manipulations was obtained. Conclusions When degenerative changes in the spine do not occur, the effectiveness of traditional lumbar massage obliquity manipulation is slightly better than that of modified lumbar massage obliquity manipulation, but the safety of modified lumbar massage obliquity manipulation is obviously better than that of the traditional lumbar massage obliquity manipulation, so the modified lumbar massage obliquity manipulation should be used. With the aggravation of lumbar degeneration, the action effects of two manipulations are attenuated in a power function. The attenuation rate of effectiveness of modified lumbar massage obliquity manipulation is significantly faster than that of traditional lumbar massage obliquity manipulation, indicating that the modified lumbar massage obliquity manipulation should not be used in the caseof lumbar degeneration.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 5048-5059, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011208

ABSTRACT

T cell infiltration and proliferation in tumor tissues are the main factors that significantly affect the therapeutic outcomes of cancer immunotherapy. Emerging evidence has shown that interferon-gamma (IFNγ) could enhance CXCL9 secretion from macrophages to recruit T cells, but Siglec15 expressed on TAMs can attenuate T cell proliferation. Therefore, targeted regulation of macrophage function could be a promising strategy to enhance cancer immunotherapy via concurrently promoting the infiltration and proliferation of T cells in tumor tissues. We herein developed reduction-responsive nanoparticles (NPs) made with poly (disulfide amide) (PDSA) and lipid-poly (ethylene glycol) (lipid-PEG) for systemic delivery of Siglec15 siRNA (siSiglec15) and IFNγ for enhanced cancer immunotherapy. After intravenous administration, these cargo-loaded could highly accumulate in the tumor tissues and be efficiently internalized by tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs). With the highly concentrated glutathione (GSH) in the cytoplasm to destroy the nanostructure, the loaded IFNγ and siSiglec15 could be rapidly released, which could respectively repolarize macrophage phenotype to enhance CXCL9 secretion for T cell infiltration and silence Siglec15 expression to promote T cell proliferation, leading to significant inhibition of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) growth when combining with the immune checkpoint inhibitor. The strategy developed herein could be used as an effective tool to enhance cancer immunotherapy.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 5030-5047, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011201

ABSTRACT

Liver fibrosis is a reversible pathological process caused by chronic liver damage and a major risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Hepatic stellate cell (HSC) activation is considered the main target for liver fibrosis therapy. However, the efficiency of this strategy is limited due to the complex microenvironment of liver fibrosis, including excessive extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition and hypoxia-induced imbalanced ECM metabolism. Herein, nilotinib (NIL)-loaded hyaluronic acid (HA)-coated Ag@Pt nanotriangular nanozymes (APNH NTs) were developed to inhibit HSCs activation and remodel the microenvironment of liver fibrosis. APNH NTs efficiently eliminated intrahepatic reactive oxygen species (ROS) due to their inherent superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) activities, thereby downregulating the expression of NADPH oxidase-4 (NOX-4) and inhibiting HSCs activation. Simultaneously, the oxygen produced by the APNH NTs further alleviated the hypoxic microenvironment. Importantly, the released NIL promoted collagen depletion by suppressing the expression of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1), thus synergistically remodeling the microenvironment of liver fibrosis. Notably, an in vivo study in CCl4-induced mice revealed that APNH NTs exhibited significant antifibrogenic effects without obvious long-term toxicity. Taken together, the data from this work suggest that treatment with the synthesized APNH NTs provides an enlightening strategy for remodeling the microenvironment of liver fibrosis with boosted antifibrogenic activity.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991500

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application prospect of 3D virtual reconstruction and printing technology based on thin-slice CT images in network cloud+dual-track teaching.Methods:A total of 120 medical students who were on probation in The Second Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Medical University from April 2021 to April 2022 were selected as subjects and were randomly divided into experimental group and control group, with 60 students in each group. The students in the experimental group received 3D virtual reconstruction and printing technology combined with network cloud+dual-track teaching, and those in the control group received network cloud+dual-track teaching alone. After 6 months of learning, the teaching effect was compared by closed-book examination, skill operation, speech defense, and questionnaire survey. SPSS 23.0 was used for the t-test and the chi-square test. Results:Compared with the control group in terms of department examination, the experimental group had significantly better scores of theoretical knowledge [(84.25±5.53) vs. (79.43±6.69), P<0.001] and operational skills [(87.68±5.72) vs. (82.97±5.32), P<0.001]. The experimental group had significantly higher scores than the control group in speech [(44.90±2.56) vs. (41.88±2.71), P<0.001] and defense [(45.83±2.62) vs. (43.85±2.56), P<0.001]. The questionnaire survey showed that compared with the control group, the experimental group had significantly higher scores of practical ability, active learning ability, expression ability, practice enthusiasm, and information acquisition ability ( P<0.001). Conclusion:The network cloud+dual-track teaching model assisted by 3D virtual reconstruction and printing technology can significantly improve the objective learning effect and subjective learning initiative of students and has a relatively high value of teaching application and promotion.

8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2028-2036, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007520

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Patients with mass-forming pancreatitis (MFP) or pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) presented similar clinical symptoms, but required different treatment approaches and had different survival outcomes. This meta-analysis aimed to compare the diagnostic performance of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) in differentiating MFP from PDAC.@*METHODS@#A literature search was performed in the PubMed, EMBASE (Ovid), Cochrane Library (CENTRAL), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Weipu (VIP), and WanFang databases to identify original studies published from inception to August 20, 2021. Studies reporting the diagnostic performances of CEUS and CECT for differentiating MFP from PDAC were included. The meta-analysis was performed with Stata 15.0 software. The outcomes included the pooled sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio (+LR), negative likelihood ratio (-LR), diagnostic odds ratio (DOR), and summary receiver operating characteristic (SROC) curves of CEUS and CECT. Meta-regression was conducted to investigate heterogeneity. Bayesian network meta-analysis was conducted to indirectly compare the overall diagnostic performance.@*RESULTS@#Twenty-six studies with 2115 pancreatic masses were included. The pooled sensitivity and specificity of CEUS for MFP were 82% (95% confidence interval [CI], 73%-88%; I2  = 0.00%) and 95% (95% CI, 90%-97%; I2  = 63.44%), respectively; the overall +LR, -LR, and DOR values were 15.12 (95% CI, 7.61-30.01), 0.19 (95% CI, 0.13-0.29), and 78.91 (95% CI, 30.94-201.27), respectively; and the area under the SROC curve (AUC) was 0.90 (95% CI, 0.87-92). However, the overall sensitivity and specificity of CECT were 81% (95% CI, 75-85%; I2  = 66.37%) and 94% (95% CI, 90-96%; I2  = 74.87%); the overall +LR, -LR, and DOR values were 12.91 (95% CI, 7.86-21.20), 0.21 (95% CI, 0.16-0.27), and 62.53 (95% CI, 34.45-113.51), respectively; and, the SROC AUC was 0.92 (95% CI, 0.90-0.94). The overall diagnostic accuracy of CEUS was comparable to that of CECT for the differential diagnosis of MFP and PDAC (relative DOR 1.26, 95% CI [0.42-3.83], P  > 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#CEUS and CECT have comparable diagnostic performance for differentiating MFP from PDAC, and should be considered as mutually complementary diagnostic tools for suspected focal pancreatic lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Contrast Media , Bayes Theorem , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Pancreatic Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal/diagnostic imaging , Sensitivity and Specificity , Pancreatitis/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography/methods
9.
JOURNAL OF RARE DISEASES ; (4): 122-129, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004992

ABSTRACT

  Objective  To evaluate the clinical and paraclinical features of Chinese patients with anti- LGI1 encephalitis.  Methods  Patients with memory deficits, psychiatric symptoms, seizures or altered level of consciousness, suspicious of encephalitis, at presentation to Peking Union Medical College Hospital were recruited between July 2013 and January 2018, and tested for anti-LGI1 antibodies in their serum and/or cerebrospinal fluid(CSF) samples. Patients with anti-LGI1 antibodies were enrolled. The demographic characteristics, clinical manifestations, laboratory examination results, neuroimaging features, immunotherapy, follow-up practices and outcomes for included patients were registered and analyzed.  Results  The study enrolled 120 patients, of whom 66.7% were male. The median age was 61 years (interquartile range [IQR]: 49-66 years). Seizures(65.0%) were the most common initial symptoms. Most patients developed seizures (95.0%), including faciobrachial dystonic seizures (54.2%), memory deficits (92.5%), and psychiatric symptoms (69.1%). Brain MRI and 18F-FDG PET / CT showed that the lesions were mainly located in unilateral or bilateral medial temporal lobes, and (or) basal ganglia. Of the patients, 95.0% received intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) or corticosteroids, 47.5% received mycophenolate mofetil as long-term immunotherapy, and no one received second-line immunotherapy. The median follow-up was 34.2 months(IQR: 22.0-45.6 months). 91.2% had a good outcome (modified Rankin Scale score≤2 points). Residual mild memory deficits were present in 47.8% of the patients. Nine deaths were documented. Relapses occurred in 24.8% of the patients in the first year. In total, 24 (20%)cases were young patients(onset age ≤45 years).There were fewer males among the younger patients(37.5% vs. 74.0%, P < 0.01). Besides, there were fewer younger patients with psychiatric symptoms(50.0% vs. 74.0%, P=0.02), hyponatremia(33.3% vs. 68.8%, P < 0.01), and abnormalities on brain 18F-FDG PET/CT(20.8% vs. 47.9%, P=0.02). The relapse-free survival rate was significantly higher in the young patients.  Conclusions  Elderly males were predominant in patients with anti-LGI1 encephalitis. Most patients developed symptoms of limbic encephalitis and/or FDBS during the disease course. Several patients were young adults and lacked typical symptoms. Neuroimaging features were consistent with the involvement of limbic system or basal ganglia. Patients with anti-LGI1 encephalitis respond well to immunotherapy, irrespective of the age.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989508

ABSTRACT

Single-cell RNA-seq (scRNA-seq) can describe the changes of gene expression in a single tumor cell. And it can reveal the status and function of tumor cells, and capture the extensive transcriptome heterogeneity in the cell population. The application of scRNA-seq can monitor the specific highly expressed genes in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) , and it can also monitor genes related to radio chemotherapy resistance in tumor cells, which is helpful to provide more accurate auxiliary diagnosis for ESCC. Besides, scRNA-seq can evaluate the recurrence risk and survival time of patients. An in-depth study of the relationship between tumor cells and tumor microenvironment in ESCC will provide a theoretical basis for developing a new immunotherapy scheme for ESCC.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920822

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To summarize our experience in the treatment of esophageal foreign bodies. Methods    A retrospective analysis of 149 patients of esophageal foreign bodies in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University from December 2011 to May 2019 was carried out, including 75 (50.3%) females and 74 (49.7%) males with an average age of 57 (2-85) years. Results    There were 146 patients confirmed by endoscopy, and 3 patients were not found foreign body. Among the confirmed patients, 127 patients were removed by gastroscope and 19 patients were treated by operation. Esophageal foreign bodies are mainly related to the types of food. Jujube seed is the most common food foreign body in the northwest China. The injury rate of mucosal was 47.54% within 48 hours. The complication rate of taking out the foreign body after 48 hours was 100.0%. The success rate by endoscopy decreased (P=0.005), if the foreign body combined perforation. There was no statistical difference between the neck and other parts when using ultra-fine gastroscope (P=0.157). Conclusion    The sharper the foreign body is, the easier the perforation is. The earlier the foreign body is removed, the less complications are. The size of the foreign body determines the difficulty of endoscopic removal. Gastroscopy is the first choice for diagnosis and treatment, especially ultra-fine gastroscopy, and the foreign bodies that cannot be removed by endoscopy need surgical treatment.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922567

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the safety differences between Chinese medicine (CM) and Western medicine (WM) based on Chinese Spontaneous Reporting Database (CSRD).@*METHODS@#Reports of adverse events (AEs) caused by CM and WM in the CSRD between 2010 and 2011 were selected. The following assessment indicators were constructed: the proportion of serious AEs (PSE), the average number of AEs (ANA), and the coverage rate of AEs (CRA). Further comparisons were also conducted, including the drugs with the most reported serious AEs, the AEs with the biggest report number, and the 5 serious AEs of interest (including death, anaphylactic shock, coma, dyspnea and abnormal liver function).@*RESULTS@#The PSE, ANA and CRA of WM were 1.09, 8.23 and 2.35 times higher than those of CM, respectively. The top 10 drugs with the most serious AEs were mainly injections for CM and antibiotics for WM. The AEs with the most reports were rash, pruritus, nausea, dizziness and vomiting for both CM and WM. The proportions of CM and WM in anaphylactic shock and coma were similar. For abnormal liver function and death, the proportions of WM were 5.47 and 3.00 times higher than those of CM, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#Based on CSRD, CM was safer than WM at the average level from the perspective of adverse drug reactions.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions/epidemiology , Injections , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953696

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore whether surgery combined with adjuvant chemotherapy can bring survival benefits to patients with cervical and upper thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Methods    The clinical data of patients with cervical and upper thoracic ESCC who underwent R0 resection and neck anastomosis in our department from 2006 to 2010 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients received neoadjuvant therapy or adjuvant radiotherapy were excluded. The adjuvant chemotherapy group was given a combination of taxanes and platinum based chemotherapy after surgery; the surgery alone group did not receive adjuvant chemotherapy. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the survival difference between the adjuvant chemotherapy group and the surgery alone group. Results    A total of 181 patients were enrolled, including 141 (77.9%) males and 40 (22.1%) females, with an average age of 61.0±8.2 years (80 patients aged≤61 years, 101 patients aged>61 years). There were 70 (38.7%) patients of cervical ESCC, and 111 (61.3%) patients of upper thoracic ESCC. Eighty-seven (48.1%) patients underwent postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy, and 94 (51.9%) patients underwent surgery alone, and the basic clinical characteristics were well balanced between the two groups (P>0.05). The median survival time of patients in the adjuvant chemotherapy group and the surgery alone group was 31.93 months and 26.07 months, and the 5-year survival rate was 35.0% and 32.0%, respectively (P=0.227). There was no statistical difference in median survival time between the cervical ESCC and upper thoracic ESCC group (31.83 months vs. 29.76 months, P=0.763). For cervical ESCC patients, the median survival time was 45.07 months in the adjuvant chemotherapy group and 14.70 months in the surgery alone group (P=0.074). Further analysis showed that the median survival time of lymph node negative group was 32.53 months, and the lymph node positive group was 24.57 months (P=0.356). The median survival time was 30.43 months in the lymph-node positive group with adjuvant chemotherapy and 17.77 months in the lymph-node positive group with surgery alone. The survival curve showed a trend of difference, but the difference was not statistically significant (P=0.557). Conclusion    There is no statistical difference in the long-term survival of cervical and upper thoracic ESCC patients after R0 resection. Postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy may have survival benefits for patients with cervical ESCC and upper ESCC with postoperative positive lymph nodes, but the differences are not statistically significant in this setting.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953535

ABSTRACT

@#The National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) has updated and released the NCCN esophageal and esophagogastric junction cancers clinical practice guidelines in oncology (version 3. 2022). Compared with the version 4 of the guidelines in 2021, the 3 versions in 2022 have some updates and revisions, mainly focusing on molecular marker detection, perioperative treatment, advanced immunotherapy, radiotherapy and other aspects. This article will interpret the main content of the new edition of the guidelines, in order to enhance the understanding of the guidelines and guide the clinical practice of diagnosis and treatment.

15.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 483-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934769

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop a magnetic anastomosis device for infrahepatic inferior vena cava and verify its feasibility and safety in rat models. Methods According to the anatomical characteristics of rat inferior vena cava, a magnetic device suitable for end-to-end anastomosis of infrahepatic inferior vena cava was designed and manufactured. The device consisted of the inner and outer rings. The inner ring was a coated neodymium-iron-boron magnetic ring, and the outer ring was made of polyetheretherketone by 3D printing. Ten fine holes are evenly distributed on the outer ring, of which 5 fine holes were used to load the fine needles, and the other 5 fine holes were mutually connected with the fine needles of the contralateral anastomosis ring during anastomosis. The outer ring was uniformly loaded with fine needles and then bonded with the inner ring to form a magnetic anastomosis complex. Bilateral ends of vessels passed through the anastomosis ring and were fixed to the fine needles, and then end-to-end vascular anastomosis was performed by mutual attraction of two magnetic anastomosis rings. Twenty SD rats were selected and received end-to-end anastomosis of infrahepatic inferior vena cava with magnetic anastomosis device. The time of vascular occlusion, postoperative survival, postoperative anastomotic patency, gross observation and histological examination of anastomotic stoma were analyzed. Results All rats successfully completed end-to-end magnetic anastomosis of the infrahepatic inferior vena cava, and the time of vascular occlusion was 4~6 min. One rat died at 10 d after operation, and the other rats survived within postoperative 2 months. The patency rates of anastomotic stoma in surviving rats at postoperative 1 d, 3 d, 1 month and 2 months were 100%, 100%, 95% and 95%, respectively. At 2 months after operation, no obvious displacement and angulation of the anastomosis device were seen. No signs of corrosion and cracking of the anastomosis rings were observed. No evident hyperplasia and edema of surrounding tissues were noted. Bilateral ends of vessels were completely healed, and no obvious stenosis or thrombosis was found at the anastomotic stoma. Histological examination showed high continuity of bilateral vascular walls of anastomotic stoma, the inner surface of anastomotic stoma was covered by endothelial cells, and no thrombus or fibrous tissue was attached. Conclusions It is safe and feasible to utilize the self-designed magnetic anastomosis device to perform end-to-end magnetic anastomosis of infrahepatic inferior vena cava in rat models.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873542

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the safety and feasibility of laryngeal mask general anesthesia as a replacement of tracheal intubation general anesthesia in the "three-port" thoracoscopic thymectomy via subxiphoid and subcostal arch for thymoma patients without myasthenia. Methods    From January 2018 to June 2019, clinical data of patients with thymoma who underwent the novel "three-port" operation in our institution were analyzed retrospectively. The patients were divided into two groups according to the anesthesia methods, including a tracheal intubation general anesthesia group and a laryngeal mask general anesthesia group. There were 70 patients in the tracheal intubation general anesthesia group, including 42 males and 28 females, with an average age of 45.83±15.89 years. There were 39 patients in the laryngeal mask general anesthesia group, including 26 males and 13 females, with an average age of 43.31±15.64 years. The clinical data of the two groups were compared. Results    The baseline characteristics of the patients in the two groups were well balanced (P>0.05). No massive bleeding, conversion to thoracotomy, postoperative myasthenia or death occurred in those patients. No patient with laryngeal mask anesthesia had a conversion to tracheal intubation anesthesia during the operation. There was no significant difference in the operation time, intraoperative bleeding, intraoperative maximum partial pressure of CO2, lowest partial pressure of oxygen and anesthesia effect score between the two groups (P>0.05). There was also no statistical difference in postoperative aspiration, gastrointestinal discomfort, length of hospital stay, pain score and patient satisfaction degree between the two groups (P>0.05). However, the anesthesia time before operation and the time of awake after anesthesia in the laryngeal mask anesthesia group were significantly shorter than those in the tracheal intubation general anesthesia group (P<0.05), and the incidence of transient arrhythmia, laryngeal discomfort and hoarseness in the laryngeal mask general anesthesia group was significantly lower than that in the tracheal intubation general anesthesia group (P<0.05). Conclusion    The "three-port" thoracoscopic thymectomy via subxiphoid and subcostal arch under laryngeal mask general anesthesia is safe and feasible in the treatment of thymoma without myasthenia, and can be recommended routinely.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908949

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application prospect of "education cloud platform + dual track" teaching in continuing medical education of thoracic surgery.Methods:A total of 100 trainees who participated in continuing medical education in thoracic surgery department in Air Force Medical University were randomly divided into experimental group and control group, with 50 students in each group. The experimental group adopted "education cloud platform + dual-track" teaching, and the control group adopted dual-track teaching. At the end of the study, an examination of theoretical knowledge and practical operation would be conducted; at the same time, an anonymous questionnaire survey would be used to evaluate the satisfaction of the two teaching modes. SPSS 20.0 was used for t test and chi-square test. Results:There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in basic theoretical performance. The professional theoretical performance [(28.6±3.7) points] and operational theory performance [(34.9±4.7) points] of the experimental group were higher than those of the control group, with significant differences ( P<0.05). The experimental group performed better than the control group in five practical operation assessments: basic operation of thoracoscopy, basic operation of opening and closing the chest, operation of vascular isolation and suture, operation of esophageal anastomosis and operation of tracheal anastomosis, with statistical differences ( P<0.05). The satisfaction with teaching of experimental group was significantly higher than that of the control group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:"Education cloud platform + dual track" teaching can effectively ensure the teaching progress of problem-based learning (PBL) and team-based learning (TBL), improve students' learning effect, and has high promotion and application value.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908941

ABSTRACT

In order to meet the social demand for ultrasound talents, a layered training system of ultrasound medical talents suitable for China's national conditions has been explored. The department of ultrasound of West China Hospital of Sichuan University has formulated and implemented a "three-layers" ultrasound education and training system in combination with its own reality. The first layer mainly refers mastering the basic ultrasound examination ability mainly through relevant ultrasound theoretical knowledge and basic operation skills training. The second layer is based on the first level to further master the ability of ultrasound diagnosis and differential diagnosis of common and frequently occurring diseases in various systems, and to be capable of engaging in basic ultrasound teaching and scientific research. The third layer means mastering the ability of ultrasound diagnosis, evaluation and interventional diagnosis and treatment of difficult and specialized diseases, grasping the latest development direction of the sub-specialty, and having the ability to engage in ultrasound teaching and clinical research. The results show that the "three-layers" ultrasound education and training system conforms to China's national conditions and is worthy of reference and promotion.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911388

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) on the levels of serum magnesium in patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and the effects of abnormal serum magnesium on the prognosis in T2DM patients with CAP.Methods:The study was a retrospective single-center study conducted in adult patients hospitalized with CAP at the First Hospital of Qinhuangdao between January 2015 and December 2018. These patients were divided into two groups according to the diagnosis of T2DM (control group and T2DM group). The reference range for serum magnesium is from 0.75 to 1.25 mmol/L. The primary endpoint was in-hospital mortality.Results:The prevalences of hypomagnesemia and hypermagnesemia were numerically higher in T2DM group than in control group (hypomagnesemia: 14.6% vs 12.0%, hypermagnesemia: 1.4% vs 0.7%), but there was no statistical difference ( P>0.05). In patients with T2DM, the in-hospital mortalities in patients with normal serum magnesium and hypomagnesemia were 5.9% and 12.7%, respectively; In multivariate logistic regression analysis, the in-hospital mortality of patients with hypomagnesemia was 5.629(95% CI 2.012-15.750, P=0.001)times as much as that of patients with normal serum magnesium. Conclusions:Abnormal serum magnesium was common in T2DM inpatients with CAP and hypomagnesemia was the most common. Hypomagnesemia was closely related to in-hospital mortality in T2DM patients with CAP. The assessment of serum magnesium levels on admission may be helpful in predicting the prognosis of T2DM patients with CAP.

20.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 479-482, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885447

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify anti-dipeptidyl-peptidase-like protein 6 (DPPX) antibody in patients with encephalitis of unknown etiology and describe the clinical features of anti-DPPX antibody-associated encephalitis in Chinese patients.Methods:For patients registered in the Peking Union Medical College Hospital Encephalitis and Paraneoplastic Syndrome Registration Project from 2016 to 2019 with negative findings in autoimmune encephalitis routine antibody profile and paraneoplastic antibody profile, but with positive tissue-based assay (TBA) results, further tests for rare antibodies, including cell-based assay (CBA) of anti-DPPX antibody, were performed. Patients positive for anti-DPPX antibody were enrolled and the clinical data were collected.Results:Two patients with anti-DPPX antibody-associated encephalitis were found from 2016 to 2019 among about 15 000 patients. Both were females, aged 46 and 75 years. One patient had diarrhea, cachexia, cognitive dysfunction, agitation, myoclonus, tremor, and seizures. The other had cognitive impairment, restlessness, memory loss, disorientation, and sleep disturbance. The second patient had medical history of systemic lupus erythematosus and secondary Sj?gren′s syndrome.Conclusions:TBA should be combined with CBA in identification of anti-DPPX antibody to confirm the diagnosis. Anti-DPPX antibody-associated encephalitis has clinical manifestations of encephalopathy with diarrhea and cachexia, and can coexist with systemic lupus erythematosus.

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