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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2206-2215, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936581

ABSTRACT

We intend to study the structural characteristics of Lycopus europaeus Linn. chloroplast genome and compare the evolutionary relationship of species from Lamiaceae with similar medicinal effects. The total DNA of Lycopus europaeus was sequenced using the Illumina Hiseq 4000 Sequencing platform and was assembled using NOVOplasty software. And then we annotated and analyzed the genome using the CPGAVAS2 online tool. We constructed the phylogenetic tree using the Stellera chamaejasme and Potentilla chinensis as the outgroup. The whole length of Lycopus europaeus chloroplast genome was 152 085 bp. A total of 132 genes were annotated including 88 protein-coding genes, 8 rRNA genes and 36 tRNA genes. Among them, 8 protein-coding genes (ndhB, rps7, rps12, rps19, rpl2, rpl23, ycf2, ycf15), 7 tRNA coding genes (trnM-CAU, trnL CAA, trnN-GUU, trnE-UUC, trnV-GAC, trnA-UGC, trnR-ACG) and 4 rRNA coding genes (rrn16s, rrn23s, rrn4.5s, rrn5s) are located in the IR region. There are 13 protein coding genes [rps16, rps19 (×2), atpF, rpoC1, rpl2 (×2), petB, petD, rpl16, ndhB (×2), ndhA] each contains one intron, two protein-coding genes (ycf3, clpP) each contain two introns, and 8 tRNA coding genes each contain one intron. A total of 34 SSRs were detected in the chloroplast genome of Lycopus europaeus. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that two species in the Lycopus genus, four species in the Dracocephalum genus, Glechoma longituba, two species in the Mentha genus and Prunella vulgari, in total 10 species are most related. The complete genome sequence of Lycopus europaeus was obtained and analyzed, which clarified the evolutional relationship between the species of Lycopus europaeus and in the Lamiaceae family.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929056

ABSTRACT

Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), as the most common type (>90%) of head and neck cancer, includes various epithelial malignancies that arise in the nasal cavity, oral cavity, pharynx, and larynx. In 2020, approximately 878 ‍ 000 new cases and 444 000 deaths linked to HNSCC occurred worldwide (Sung et al., 2021). Due to the associated frequent recurrence and metastasis, HNSCC patients have poor prognosis with a five-year survival rate of 40%-50% (Jou and Hess, 2017). Therefore, novel prognostic biomarkers need to be developed to identify high-risk HNSCC patients and improve their disease outcomes.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Head and Neck Neoplasms/genetics , Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , RNA , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck , Survival Analysis , Survival Rate
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936079

ABSTRACT

Splenic flexure colon cancer occurs at a relatively lower rate than colon cancer of other sites. It is also associated with more advanced disease and higher rate of acute obstruction. The splenic flexure receives blood supply from both superior and inferior mesenteric arteries (SMA and IMA), and therefore has lymphatic drainage to both areas. The blood supply is also highly variable, causing difficulties in determining the main feeding vessels and the main direction of lymph drainage. Few studies with limited cases focused on this specific tumor site with respect to the patterns of lymph node spread, especially the main lymph node status and the value of its dissection. The lack of information limits the development of a consensus on the extent of surgical resection and lymphadenectomy. Adequate mobilization of the colon facilitates a sufficient length of bowel resection and the high ligation of feeding arteries from both SMA and IMA. Further evidence on the chnoice of procedures and the extent of lymph node dissection need multicenter collaboration, with the use of modern techniques, including CT 3D reconstruction of the colon and angiography, as well as intraoperative fluorescent real-time imaging of lymph nodes.


Subject(s)
Colon, Transverse/surgery , Colonic Neoplasms/surgery , Humans , Laparoscopy , Lymph Node Excision/methods , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Mesenteric Artery, Inferior/surgery
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935756

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the thyroid condition and influencing factors of radiation workers, and to provide scientific basis for radiation protection management. Methods: In April 2020, 4308 radiation workers from October 1, 2017 to September 30, 2019 were collected for occupational health examination in Hangzhou Occupational Disease Prevention and Treatment Hospital, the data included basic information, Thyroid hormone level and thyroid color doppler ultrasound results. The thyroid status of radiation workers in different subgroups was compared. The influencing factors of Thyroid nodule were analyzed by multiple logistic regression. Results: 616 radiation workers had abnormal thyroid gland (14.3%, 616/4308) . The main manifestations of thyroid gland abnormality were abnormal Thyroid nodule (5.1%, 220/4308) and abnormal TSH level (7.1%, 308/4308) . Compared with the male radiation workers, the abnormal rate of Thyroid nodule, T3 and Tsh in female radiation workers was higher (P<0.05) , and the abnormal rate of Thyroid nodule, T3 and T4 increased with the increase of working age (P<0.05) . Radiation Workers in non-rated medical institutions and private medical institutions had the highest detection rate of Thyroid nodule (P<0.05) , and there was no significant difference in thyroid abnormalities among Workers (P<0.05) . By multiple logistic regression analysis, Sex (female) , age and institution type (private) were all independent risk factors for Thyroid nodule (95% CI: 1.548~2.763、1.002~1.030, P<0.05) . Conclusion: Ionizing radiation can cause thyroid damage in radiation workers, so we should pay more attention to the radiation protection management of female, high age, private and district medical organizations, so as to protect the health of radiation workers.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Occupational Exposure/analysis , Radiation, Ionizing , Thyroid Nodule/epidemiology
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935314

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the application value of T lymphocyte subsets combined with procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP), neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and white blood cell count (WBC) in the auxiliary diagnosis and prognosis evaluation of sepsis. Methods: In a retrospective study, seventy-two patients with sepsis diagnosed and treated in Tianjin First Central Hospital from June 2018 to April 2021 were selected as the research objects, and included in the sepsis group were 46 males and 26 females, aged 68 (57.3, 80.3) years. In addition, 111 patients with local infection admitted to hospital during the same period were included in the local infection group, including 62 males and 49 females, aged 68 (51, 77) years. Sepsis patients were divided into survival group (43 cases) and death group (29 cases) according to the 28-day outcome. CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, CD4+/CD8+ ratio were detected by flow cytometry within 24 h after admission, PCT was detected by ELISA, CRP was detected by immunoturbidimetry, blood routine examination, blood lactic acid (Lac) and oxygen partial pressure (PO2) were detected by instrumental method. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between each indicator and sepsis, and receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was drawn to evaluate the diagnostic value of each indicator for sepsis. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis and Kaplan Meier survival analysis were used to evaluate the prognostic value of each index for patients with sepsis. Results: Peripheral blood CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, CD4+/CD8+ ratio and PLT in sepsis group were significantly lower than those in local infection group(Z=-8.184,P<0.001;Z=-7.210,P<0.001;Z=-5.936,P<0.001;Z=-2.700,P=0.007;Z=-6.381,P<0.001); PCT, CRP, NLR and Lac levels were significantly higher than those in local infection group(Z=-8.262,P<0.001;Z=-3.094,P=0.002;Z=-9.004,P<0.001;Z=-4.770,P<0.001). Multivariate Logistic regression model showed that PCT, NLR, CD3+, CD8+, CD4+/CD8+ were independent risk factors for sepsis. According to ROC curve analysis, AUC of sepsis patients diagnosed by each indicator were 0.862, 0.894, 0.858, 0.760 and 0.618, respectively. The cut-off values were 3.075 ng/ml, 10.715, 44.935×109/L, 27.463×109/L and 0.750, respectively. The NLR sensitivity was 80.6%, and the CD3+ specificity was 94.6%. The AUC of combined detection of PCT and NLR was 0.947, sensitivity was 87.5% and specificity was 91.9%. The combined detection AUC of PCT, NLR, CD3+, CD4+/CD8+ was 0.958, the sensitivity and specificity were 90.3% and 91.0% respectively(P<0.001). PCT and Lac in death group were significantly higher than those in survival group(Z=-2.302,P=0.021;Z=-3.095,P=0.002);Peripheral blood CD4+/CD8+ levels were significantly lower than those in survival group(Z=-3.691,P<0.001),Multivariate Logistic regression model showed that CD4+/CD8+ ratio was an independent risk factor for 28 d mortality in patients with sepsis (P<0.001). The ROC curve showed that the AUC was 0.758, and the Youden index reached the maximum when the cut-off value was 1.27, the sensitivity and specificity were 79.3% and 60.5%, respectively. Compared with patients with CD4+/CD8+ ≥1.27, 28-day mortality was significantly increased in patients with CD4+/CD8+<1.27 (P=0.032). Conclusion: The combined detection of PCT, NLR, CD3+ and CD4+/CD8+ can improve the auxiliary diagnostic efficiency of sepsis, and the ratio of CD4+/CD8+ in peripheral blood may have certain predictive value for the prognosis of sepsis.


Subject(s)
Aged , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Procalcitonin , Retrospective Studies , Sepsis/diagnosis , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/chemistry
6.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 120-123, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934641

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of cervical region Ⅱ and oral target area optimization on therapeutic efficacy, salivary gland function and oral mucosal response during intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) for oropharyngeal cancer.Methods:A total of 50 patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma in Xuzhou Cancer Hospital from January 2012 to May 2017 were collected. According to the random number table, they were divided into normal radiotherapy group (the control group), oral and cervical target area optimization group (the observation group), 25 cases in each group. Both groups were treated with IMRT and platinum-chemotherapy. The control group received bilateral cervical region Ⅱ-Ⅳ lymphatic drainage area irradiation (the positive side of the cervical lymph node included Ⅰ B region), and bilateral cervical region Ⅱ was given a tumor dose of 60 Gy (positive lymph nodes were given intensified irradiation); the observation group was optimized for the target area, and the contralateral cervical region Ⅱ B (the side with no positive lymph node) was given a tumor dose of 50 Gy; the observation group's oral structure was delineated as an organ at risk and the average radiation dose (D mean) was limited to <32 Gy. The differences in radiation dose of parotid gland, acute oral mucosal reaction and long-term xerostomia (6 months after the end of radiotherapy), objective remission rate (ORR), local recurrence rate (LRR), 3-year overall survival (OS) were compared between the two groups. Results:In the control group, the contralateral parotid gland D mean was (29±4) Gy, the proportion of irradiation volume exposed to 34 Gy (V 34) was (48±5)%; in the observation group, contralateral parotid gland D mean was (23±3) Gy, V 34 was (41±5)%, and there are statistically significant differences between the two groups ( t values were 6.14, 4.98, all P < 0.05). In the control group, oral D mean was (35±6) Gy, the proportion of volume exposed to 30 Gy (V 30) was (36±5)%; in the observation group oral D mean was (29±4) Gy, V 30 was (28±4)%, and there were statistically significant differences between the two groups ( t values were 4.11, 5.98, all P < 0.05). The incidence of ≥ grade Ⅱ acute oral mucosal adverse reaction and the duration time of oral mucosal ≥ 2 weeks was 64% (16/25) and 76% (19/25), respectively in the control group, 36% (9/25) and 40% (10/25), respectively in the observation group; and the differences were statistically significant ( χ2 values were 3.92, 6.65; P values were 0.048, 0.009). The incidence of ≥ grade Ⅱ long-term xerostomia reaction was 72% (18/25) and 44% (11/25), respectively in the control group and the observation group, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( χ2 = 4.02, P = 0.044). The ORR, LRR, and 3-year OS rates were 80%, 28%, 48% in the control group, and 76%, 24%, 44% in the observation group. There was no statistically significant difference in the OS between the two groups ( χ2 = 0.04, P = 0.849). Conclusions:Optimization of the target area of the oral and cervical region Ⅱ during IMRT for oropharyngeal carcinoma can improve the function of salivary glands, thereby reducing dry mouth and oral mucosal reactions, improving the quality of life of patients; and it does not affect the efficacy of tumor treatment.

7.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 413-419, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933872

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the influencing and prognosis factors of emphysematous urinary tract infection (EUTI).Methods:The baseline clinical data of the patients admitted to Shandong University Qilu Hospital (Qingdao) from December 2013 to June 2020 and diagnosed with EUTI were analyzed retrospectively. The patients with non-EUTI (NEUTI) during the same period were selected as the control group. The baseline characteristics between the two groups were compared. Logistic regression analysis method was used to analyze the influencing factors of EUTI.Results:(1) 24 EUTI patients and 53 NEUTI patients were included in the present study. Compared with the NEUTI group, the hemoglobin level was lower ( t=-5.245, P<0.001) and the levels of blood urine nitrogen ( Z=-4.361, P<0.001), serum creatinine (Scr, Z=-4.543, P<0.001), blood glucose ( Z=-2.608, P=0.009), and triacylglycerol ( Z=-2.408, P=0.016) were higher in the EUTI group. The proportions of diabetes mellitus ( χ2=13.453, P<0.001) and chronic kidney disease ( χ2=17.936, P<0.001) in the EUTI group were higher than those in the NEUTI group. Increasing Scr was the risk factor of EUTI in patients with urinary tract infection ( OR=1.011, 95% CI 1.001-1.020, P=0.025). (2) Escherichia coli ( E.coli, 14 cases, 58.3%) was the most common causative organism. The other causative organisms included Klebsiella pneumoniae (2 cases, 8.3%), Enterococcus faecium (1 case, 4.2%), Pantoea (1 case, 4.2%), and mixed bacteria of E.coli and Enterococcus faecium (1 case, 4.2%). Ten cases of E.coli were extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBL)-positive. (3) Of the 24 patients with EUTI, 4 patients had adverse outcomes. The length of stay ( Z=-2.457, P=0.014), blood urea nitrogen ( t=2.432, P=0.024), shock ( P=0.002), autoimmune disease ( P=0.022), and white blood cell count ( Z=-2.091, P=0.036) were statistically different between good prognosis group ( n=20) and poor prognosis group ( n=4). However, logistic regression analysis results showed that neither was the influencing factor of poor prognosis of EUTI. Conclusions:The elevated Scr level is the independent influencing factor of EUTI among urinary infection patients. E.coli is the most common pathogenic bacteria, and ESBL-positive bacteria are common.

8.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 618-625, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932873

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical features and treatment strategies of the transsyndesmotic ankle fracture dislocation.Methods:Data of 26 patients of transsyndesmotic ankle fracture dislocation who were treated in our hospital from December 2013 to November 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 16 men and 10 women with an average age of 49.54±12.81 years (range, 26-68 years). Open injuries in 17 cases, of which the Gustilo-Anderson II type in 6 cases, IIIA type in 11 cases, closed injuries in 9 cases. According to the AO/OTA fracture classification, 44B type in 4 cases, 44C type in 22 cases. According to the Lauge-Hansen classification, there were 16 cases of pronation-abduction, 10 cases of pronation-external rotation, including 4 cases of Maisonneuve fractures, and of the 4 cases of Maisonneuve fractures, there were 3 cases of double Maisonneuve fracture. The talar dislocation was anterior, neutral, and posterior within the distal tibiofibular joint in 10 cases, 7 cases, and 9 cases. Fibular fractures in 26 cases, medial malleolar fractures in 24 cases, deltoid ligament rupture in 2 cases, posterior malleolar fractures in 13 cases, and anterior malleolar fractures in 8 cases. All closed injuries were closed reduction and plaster fixation and all open injuries were emergently debridement and reduced under the tibial plafond in the emergency department. Surgical treatment was taken until the soft tissue conditions to be allowed. The reduction quality was assessed by postoperative radiography according to the criteria proposed by Burwell-Charnley. The function of the ankle joint was assessed by the ankle-hindfoot rating system of the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS), and the posttraumatic arthritis and objectively quantified was assessed using the Kellgren-Lawrence grading scale.Results:There were 4 cases were unreduced due to the tibial posterior tendon to flip through the ankle joint and dislocate anterior to the tibia through the interosseous membrane. Stabilization of fibular fractures were achieved with plate in 25 cases. There were 24 cases of medial malleolar fractures, and the fixation were achieved with cannulated screws in 23 cases and with K-wire fixation in 1 case. There were 12 cases of posterior malleolar fractures treated with open reduction and internal fixation including cannulated screws in 9 cases and antiglide plates in 3 cases. There were 7 cases of anterior malleolar fractures treated with open reduction and internal fixation including suture anchors in 1 case and cannulated screws in 6 cases. Stabilization of syndesmosis was achieved with syndesmotic screws in 14 cases and with TightRope in 2 cases. All patients were followed up for 20.23±9.70 months (range, 12-60 months). According to the Burwell-Charnley criteria of reduction quality, anatomic reduction was obtained in 22 cases, and satisfactory reduction was gained in 4 cases. All fractures healed in 16.31±3.64 weeks (range, 10-24 weeks). Functional examination of the ankle joint (angle measurement method): dorsiflexion average angle 10.38°±6.66°, plantarflexion average angle 34.04°±7.20°. At latest follow up, the AOFAS score was 83.30±13.94 (range, 24-100). Ten (38%) of 26 patients had radiographic evidence of posttraumatic ankle arthritis. According to the Kellgren-Lawrence grading scale criteria, there were grade I in 5 cases, II in 2 cases, III in 2 cases, and IV in 1 case. 2 cases of wound dishence were recovered through changing dressing and 2 cases of skin necrosis were recovered by skin graft and flap transposition respectively. There were no significant complications such as infection, nonunion, or implant failure.Conclusion:The transsyndesmotic ankle fracture dislocation, represents an exceptional pattern of high-energy fractures with significant syndesmotic disruption, and potential soft tissue compromise. Careful attention to radiographic findings can identify unique fracture characteristics relative to operative decision-making. Tibialis posterior tendon dislocation, a rare complication in the transsyndesmotic ankle fracture dislocation injuries, can impede anatomical reduction of the ankle mortise. The open reduction and internal fixation may be an optimal approach to treat transsyndesmotic ankle fracture dislocation injuries. However, the rate of posttraumatic arthritis is relatively high.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932309

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of types of ulnar styloid process fracture on the treatment of distal radius fracture.Methods:The 80 patients were analyzed retrospectively who had been treated at The First Department of Hand Surgery, Honghui Hospital from January 2019 to January 2020 for fracture of distal radius complicated with fracture of ulnar styloid process. They were 25 males and 55 females, aged from 30 to 85 years (average, 58.6 years). According to the types of ulnar styloid process fracture, 40 patients were assigned into a Hauck type Ⅰ group and the other 40 into a Hauck type Ⅱ group. The 2 groups were compared in terms of operation, postoperative complications, hospital stay, bone union, visual analogue scale (VAS) on postoperative 1 to 3 days, and modified Mayo wrist function score, wrist range of motion and quality of life by WHOQOL-BREF at the last follow-up.Results:The 2 groups were comparable because there was no significant difference in age, gender, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) rating, or time from injury to operation between them ( P>0.05). All the patients were followed up for 12 to 24 months (average, 17 months). There was no significant difference between Hauck type Ⅰ group and Hauck type Ⅱ group in operation time, intraoperative blood loss, hospital stay, rate of postoperative complications, fracture union, modified Mayo wrist function score or VAS on postoperative 1 to 3 days ( P>0.05). At the last follow-up, the palm tilt and ulnar inclination angles were 13.8°±1.9° and 21.6°±2.8° in Hauck type Ⅰ group, significantly larger than those in Hauck type Ⅱ group (11.9°±1.6° and 18.8°±2.3°) ( P<0.05). At the last follow-up, Hauck Ⅰ group scored 85.3±6.4,85.6±6.5, 84.7±6.3 and 85.0±6.7 respectively in the domains of physical health, psychology, environment and social relationships, significantly higher than those Hauck type Ⅱ group did (78.5±6.5, 78.9±6.5, 77.8±6.1 and 77.9±6.3) ( P<0.05). Conclusions:In open reduction and internal fixation for distal radius fracture, Hauck Type Ⅰ fracture of ulnar styloid process has no significant effect on the functional recovery of the wrist but Hauck Type Ⅱ fracture of ulnar styloid process may. Therefore, surgical fixation needs to be strengthened if Hauck Type Ⅱ fracture of ulnar styloid process is complicated.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942367

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the molluscicidal effect of 25% wettable powder of pyriclobenzuron sulphate (WPPS) against Oncomelania snails in hilly schistosomiasis-endemic regions and test its toxicity to fish. Methods In October 2020, a snail-infested setting which had been cleared was selected in Nanjian County, Yunnan Province and divided into several blocks, and the natural snail mortality was estimated. 25% WPPS was prepared into solutions at concentrations of 1 and 2 g/L, and 25% wettable powder of niclosamide ethanolamine salt (WPNES) was prepared into solutions at a concentration of 2 g/L. The different concentrations of drugs were sprayed evenly, and the same amount of water was used as blank control. Snails were surveyed using the systematic sampling method 1, 3 and 7 days post-treatment, and snail survival was observed. A fish pond was selected in Nanjian County, and 2 kg 25% WPPS was evenly sprayed on the water surface to allow the effective concentration of 20 g/L. Fish mortality was estimated 8, 24, 48 and 72 h post-treatment. Results One-day treatment with 1 and 2 g/L WPPS and 2 g/L WPNES resulted in 97.99%, 97.99% and 94.11% adjusted snail mortality rates (χ2 = 3.509 and 3.509, both P values > 0.05), and the adjusted snail mortality was all 100% 3 d post-treatment with 1 and 2 g/L WPPS and 2 g/L WPNES, while 7-day treatment with 1 and 2 g/L WPPS and 2 g/L WPNES resulted in 91.75%, 86.57% and 57.76% adjusted snail mortality rates (χ2 = 14.893 and 42.284, both P values < 0.05). Treatment with 2 g/L WPPS for 72 h resulted in a 0.67% cumulative mortality rate of fish. Conclusion 25% WPPS is effective for snail control and highly safe for fish, which is feasible for use in hilly schistosomiasis-endemic regions.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942366

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish an animal model of sparganosis mansoni through oral administration of Cyclops infected with procercoids. Methods Domestic cats were infected with Sparganum mansoni under laboratory conditions, and fresh cat stool samples were collected, washed in dechlorinated water, and filtered. Spirometra mansoni eggs were collected and prepared into suspensions. Twenty C57BL/6j mice were randomly divided into the experimental group (n = 15) and the control group (n = 5). Wild Cyclops were infected with Spirometra mansoni coracidia to allow 3 to 5 procercoids in each Cyclop. Then, each mouse in the experimental group was given 15 Cyclops infected with procercoids by gavage, while mice in the control group were orally administered with the same volume of dechlorinated water. All mice were sacrificed after 5 months, and dissected, and suspicious Sparganum mansoni worms were collected. The serum specific IgG antibody against Sparganum mansoni was measured in mice using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Genomic DNA was isolated from suspicious Sparganum mansoni worms, and the specific Sparganum mansoni cytochrome oxidase I (COI) gene was amplified using PCR assay. Results Among the 15 mice in the experimental group, six were positive for the serum specific IgG antibody against Sparganum mansoni, and milky white worms were found and collected from the subcutaneous regions of 4 out of 6 mice. Only one worm was detected in each mouse, and the worm morphology was similar to Sparganum mansoni. Capillary electrophoresis of the PCR amplification products of COI gene presented a specific band with 151 bp in size, and sequencing analysis revealed 100% homology with Sparganum mansoni. Conclusions A mouse model of sparganosis mansoni is successfully created through oral administration of Cyclops infected with Spirometra mansoni procercoids.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941576

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect and its underlying molecular mechanisms of essential oil from Saussurea costus in esophageal cancer cell line Eca109. Methods: The chemical composition of essential oil from Saussurea costus was investigated by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The anti-proliferative, anti-migrative, and apoptotic effects of essential oil from Saussurea costus against Eca109 cells were analyzed. Moreover, the expression of proteins associated with cell cycle, metastasis, and apoptosis was determined. Results: GC-MS analysis showed that essential oil from Saussurea costus was predominantly comprised of sesquiterpenes. Saussurea costus essential oil inhibited the viability of Eca109 cells in a dose-and time-dependent manner with IC 50 values of (24.29±1.49), (19.16±2.27) and (6.97±0.86) μg/mL at 12, 24, and 48 h, respectively. The expression levels of target proteins in the cell cycle (phase G 1 /S), including cyclin D1, p21, and p53, were affected by Saussurea costus essential oil. The essential oil also downregulated the expression of metastasis-related proteins MMP-9 and MMP-2. Moreover, it induced apoptosis of Eca109 cells through the mitochondrial pathway, as well as inhibition of STAT3 phosphorylation. Conclusions: The essential oil from Saussurea costus exhibited anti-proliferative, anti-migrative, and apoptotic effects on Eca109 cells, and could be further explored as a potential anti-esophageal cancer agent.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2767-2773, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941494

ABSTRACT

Silica gel column chromatography, reversed phase C18 column chromatography, Sephadex LH-20 gel column chromatography, high performance liquid chromatography and medium performance semi preparative liquid chromatography were performed to separate and purify the chemical constituents of Hypericum lagarocladum N. Robson. Spectroscopic methods such as MS and NMR combined with physicochemical properties were applied in identifying the structures of the isolated compounds. A total of 11 compounds were isolated and identified as hyperlagarone A (1), hyperpatulone E (2), hyperbeanol G (3), uralione D (4), tomoeone F (5), pyramidatone A (6), tomoeone A (7), tomoeone B (8), hyperbeanol C (9), hyperbeanol A (10), and hypercohone G (11), respectively. Compound 1 is a new polycyclic polyprenylated acylphloroglucinol derivative, and compounds 2-11 are isolated from this plant for the first time. 11 compounds were tested for glucose uptake in L6 cells, and the results showed that compounds 7 and 8 had significant effect on glucose uptake.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939795

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy (OIPN) in rats.@*METHODS@#Male Sprague-Dawley rats were equally divided into 3 groups using a random number table: the control group, the OIPN group, and the EA (OIPN + EA) group, with 10 rats in each. The time courses of mechanical, cold sensitivity, and microcirculation blood flow intensity were determined. The morphology of the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) was observed by electron microscopic examination. The protein levels of nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), and the transient receptor potential (TRP) protein family in DRGs were assayed by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#EA treatment significantly reduced mechanical allodynia and cold allodynia in OIPN rats (P<0.01). Notably, oxaliplatin treatment resulted in impaired microcirculatory blood flow and pathomorphological defects in DRGs (P<0.01). EA treatment increased the microcirculation blood flow and attenuated the pathological changes induced by oxaliplatin (P<0.01). In addition, the expression levels of Nrf2 and HO-1 were down-regulated, and the TRP protein family was over-expressed in the DRGs of OIPN rats (P<0.01). EA increased the expression levels of Nrf2 and HO-1 and decreased the level of TRP protein family in DRG (P<0.05 or P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#EA may be a potential alternative therapy for OIPN, and its mechanism may be mainly mediated by restoring the Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Electroacupuncture/methods , Hyperalgesia/therapy , Male , Microcirculation , NF-E2-Related Factor 2 , Oxaliplatin/adverse effects , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases/chemically induced , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939676

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To express matrix remodeling associated 7 (MXRA7) in the human acute myeloid leukemia SHI-1 cell line and to assess the role of MXRA7 in the biological function of SHI-1 cells.@*METHODS@#The full-length cDNA sequence of human MXRA7 was synthesized and subcloned into the lentivirus shuttle vector pRRL-Venus. SHI-1 cells were transfected with the lentivirus which was packaged with 293T cells. The YFP-positive cells were sorted by flow cytometry and the stable cell lines were obtained by expanded culture. The expression and distribution of MXRA7 in SHI-1 cells were verified by real-time qPCR, Western blot and laser confocal techniques. Cell proliferation and cell cycle were measured by flow cytometry, and apoptosis was determined by Annexin V and 7-AAD staining. The expression of apoptosis related proteins were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The stable SHI-1 cell line overexpressing MXRA7 was established successfully. Laser confocal analysis confirmed that MXRA7 was expressed in the cytoplasm of SHI-1 cells. Compared with the control cell line, the overexpression of MXRA7 showed no effect on the cell proliferation and cell cycle, but reduced the percentage of apoptosis cells induced by methotrexate. Moreover, the expression of BCL-2 protein was increased by overexpression of MXRA7, which can inhibit cell apoptosis.@*CONCLUSION@#The SHI-1 stable cell line overexpressing MXRA7 was established successfully, and MXRA7 could inhibit drug-induced apoptosis through increasing the expression of BCL-2 protein.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism
16.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 370-380, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939572

ABSTRACT

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common disease caused by complex endocrine and metabolic abnormalities in women of childbearing age. Metformin is the most widely used oral hypoglycemic drug in clinic. In recent years, metformin has been used in the treatment of PCOS, but its mechanism is not clear. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of metformin on PCOS and its mechanism through PCOS mouse model. Female C57BL/6J mice aged 4-5 weeks were intragastrically given letrozole (1 mg/kg daily) combined with a high-fat diet (HFD) for 21 days to establish the PCOS model. After modeling, metformin (200 mg/kg daily) was intragastrically administered. One month later, the body weight and oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) were measured. Hematoxylin eosin (H&E) staining was used to detect the pathological changes of ovary. The serum levels of anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), E2 and testosterone (T) were measured by ELISA. The expression of DDX4/MVH was detected by immunohistochemistry. DDX4/MVH and PCNA were co-labeled by immunofluorescence. The protein levels of DDX4/MVH, PCNA, cyclin D2, AMPK and mTOR were detected by Western blot. The results showed that after metformin treatment, the body weights of PCOS mice were gradually returned to normal, glucose tolerance was significantly improved, serum E2 levels were increased, while AMH, LH, T levels and LH/FSH ratio were decreased. Ovarian polycystic lesions were reduced with reduced atresia follicles. Furthermore, the number of proliferative female germline stem cells (FGSCs) and levels of proliferation related proteins (PCNA, cyclin D2) were significantly increased, and the p-mTOR and p-AMPK levels were markedly up-regulated. These results suggest that metformin treatment not only improves hyperandrogenemia, glucose intolerance and polycystic ovarian lesions in PCOS, but also activates the function of FGSCs. The underlying mechanism may be related to the phosphorylation of AMPK and mTOR. These findings provide new evidence to use metformin in the treatment of PCOS and follicular development disorder.


Subject(s)
AMP-Activated Protein Kinases , Animals , Cyclin D2 , Female , Follicle Stimulating Hormone/therapeutic use , Humans , Luteinizing Hormone/therapeutic use , Metformin/pharmacology , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Oogonial Stem Cells/metabolism , Ovarian Cysts/drug therapy , Ovarian Neoplasms , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome/drug therapy , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen/therapeutic use , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925086

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have immunomodulatory function and participate in the pathogenesis of many immunoregulation-related diseases, including psoriasis. Previously, we found that MSCs from psoriatic lesions overexpress the proinflammatory microRNA, miR-155 and exhibit a decreased immunosuppressive capacity. But the origin of these aberrant characteristics is still not clear. To investigate whether inflammatory cytokines in serum and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from psoriatic patients can regulate the expression patterns of immunoregulation-related cytokines and the immunoregulation function of MSCs. @*Methods@#and Results: Normal dermal mesenchymal stem cells (nDMSCs) were treated with serum or PBMCs derived from patients with psoriasis or healthy donors. Expression of miR-155 and immunoregulation-related genes in each MSCs were measured using real-time PCR or western-blot. Meanwhile, the immunosuppressive capacity of DMSCs was evaluated by its inhibitory ability on proliferation of activated PBMCs. Compared to control serum, psoriatic serum significantly increased the expression levels of miR-155 (27.19±2.40 vs. 3.51±1.19, p<0.001), while decreased TAB2 expression (0.28±0.04 vs. 0.72±0.20, p<0.01) in DMSCs. Expression levels of immunoregulation-related genes such as PGE2, IL-10, and TLR4 were also markedly down-regulated following the psoriatic serum treatment. Those DMSCs treated with healthy serum could inhibit PBMC proliferation, while those psoriatic serum-treated DMSCs could not inhibit PBMC proliferation effectively. @*Conclusions@#Psoriatic serum up-regulate the expression of miR-155, down-regulate the expression of immunoregulation- related genes (PGE2, IL-10, and TLR4) in DMSCs, and along with the inhibition of the immunosuppressive function of MSCs.

18.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1106-1113, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924785

ABSTRACT

Objective To systematically evaluate the short-term efficacy and safety of robotic pancreaticoduodenectomy (RPD) versus traditional laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD), and to provide a reference for clinical research and practice. Methods Chinese and English databases such as PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, CNKI, Wanfang Data, and VIP were searched to include the cohort studies comparing the clinical efficacy of robot-assisted laparoscopy and traditional laparoscopy in pancreaticoduodenectomy. The quality of included articles was evaluated based on Cochrane systematic review, and Stata15.1 software was used to perform a meta-analysis of related outcome measures extracted. Results A total of 12 cohort studies were included, with 1630 patients in total, and there were 683 patients in the RPD group and 947 patients in the LPD group. The meta-analysis showed that there were significant differences between the RPD group and the LPD group in postoperative bleeding rate (odds ratio [ OR ]=0.66, 95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 0.48-0.91, P < 0.05), rate of conversion to laparotomy ( OR =0.41, 95% CI : 0.30-0.56, P < 0.05), estimated intraoperative blood loss (weighted mean difference [ WMD ]=-0.77, 95% CI : -1.33 to -0.22, P < 0.05), and length of postoperative hospital stay (WMD=-0.45, 95% CI : -0.80 to -0.11, P < 0.05). Country of publication might be one of the sources of heterogeneity in the incidence rate of postoperative complications between subgroups ( P < 0.05). Conclusion Compared with traditional LPD, da Vinci RPD can reduce postoperative bleeding rate, intraoperative blood loss and rate of conversion to laparotomy and shorten postoperative hospital stay, and meanwhile, it does not increase the operation time and the incidence rate of postoperative complications. Both surgical procedures are safe and feasible.

19.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 349-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923581

ABSTRACT

Kidney ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is the major cause of poor prognosis after kidney transplantation and partial nephrectomy. Besides, it is also a critical pathophysiological process of acute kidney injury. Consequently, the prevention and treatment of kidney IRI are of significance to improve clinical prognosis of recipients undergoing kidney transplantation. However, the mechanism underlying IRI is complex, and the exact mechanism remains elusive. Inflammation, as one of the main pathogenesis of IRI, plays a significant role in IRI-induced kidney injury. Nuclear factor (NF)-κB, as a rapid response transcription factor, has been proven to be involved in the regulation of inflammation during kidney IRI. Therefore, in this article, the structure of NF-κB, the activation pattern of NF-κB signaling pathway, the regulatory mechanisms of NF-κB upstream and downstream signaling pathways in kidney IRI were reviewed, and the role of NF-κB signaling pathway in kidney IRI was investigated, aiming to provide novel clinical ideas for the prevention and treatment of kidney IRI.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923381

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To summarize the surgical experience of infants with transposition of the great arteries (TGA) and intramural coronary artery (IMCA) in our center, and analyze the early and mid-term outcomes. Methods    We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 384 infants with TGA undergoing arterial switch operation (ASO) from June 2010 to December 2018 at Fuwai Hospital. According to operative records, 21 (5.5%) infants had IMCA, among whom 20 were males, with a median age of 33 (9-319) d. Coronary transfer using double coronary buttons with unroofed intramural course was performed in all 21 infants. Results    There was no statistical difference in the early mortality after ASO between infants with IMCA and infants with normal coronary anatomy (9.5% vs. 3.0%, P=0.15). In the IMCA group, 2 dead patients presented inadequate coronary artery perfusion after first aortic unclamping. In addition, 1 patient underwent extracorporeal membrane pulmonary support for myocardial dysfunction. The follow-up was available for all 19 survivors, with an average follow-up time of 29.0-120.0 (74.8±27.3) months. During the follow-up, all patients had no obvious symptoms, death, reoperation, or coronary complications. One patient developed moderate pulmonary valve regurgitation and another patient developed distal stenosis of the right pulmonary artery. Conclusion    For infants with TGA and IMCA, coronary transfer using double coronary buttons with unroofed intramural course is a safe and reliable technique, with satisfactory early and mid-term outcomes.

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