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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 336-349, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016648

ABSTRACT

Small-molecule phenolic substances widely exist in animals and plants, and have some shared biological activities. The metabolism of phenylalanine and tyrosine in the human body, and especially the metabolism of catecholamine neurotransmitters, produces endogenous small-molecule phenols. Endogenous small-molecule phenolic substances are functionally related to the important physiological processes and the occurrence of mental diseases in humans and some animals, which are systematically sorts and summarized in this review. Integrating the previous experimental research and literature analysis on natural small-molecule phenols by our research group, the understanding of the hypothesis that "small-molecule phenol are pharmacological signal carriers" was deepened. Based on above, the concept of "phenolomics" was further proposed, analyzed the research direction and research content which can bring into the knowledge framework of phenolomics. The induction of phenolomics will provide wider perspectives on explaining the pharmacological mechanism of drugs, discovering new drug targets, and finding biomarkers of mental diseases.

2.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 62-69, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013591

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the effect of menthol on hypobaric hypoxia-induced pulmonary arterial hypertension and explore the underlying mechanism in mice. Methods 10 to 12 weeks old wild type (WT) mice and TRPM8 gene knockout (TRPM8

3.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 1-6, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013562

ABSTRACT

The goal of achieving elimination of schistosomiasis across all endemic counties in China by 2030 was proposed in the Outline of the Healthy China 2030 Plan. On June 16, 2023, the Action Plan to Accelerate the Elimination of Schistosomiasis in China (2023—2030) was jointly issued by National Disease Control and Prevention Administration and other 10 ministries, which deployed the targets and key tasks of the national schistosomiasis elimination programme in China. This article describes the progress of the national schistosomiasis control programme, analyzes the opportunities to eliminate schistosomiasis, and proposes targeted recommendations to tackle the challenges of schistosomiasis elimination, so as to accelerate the process towards schistosomiasis elimination and facilitate the building of a healthy China.

4.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 39-45, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012555

ABSTRACT

BackgroundThe occurrence rate of dangerous behaviors in patients with severe mental disorders is higher than that of the general population. In China, there is limited research on the prediction of dangerous behaviors in community-dwelling patients with severe mental disorders, particularly in terms of predicting models using data mining techniques other than traditional methods. ObjectiveTo explore the influencing factors of dangerous behaviors in community-dwelling patients with severe mental disorders and testing whether the classification decision tree model is superior to the Logistic regression model. MethodsA total of 11 484 community-dwelling patients with severe mental disorders who had complete follow-up records from 2013 to 2022 were selected on December 2023. The data were divided into a training set (n=9 186) and a testing set (n=2 298) in an 8∶2 ratio. Logistic regression and classification decision trees were separately used to establish predictive models in the training set. Model discrimination and calibration were evaluated in the testing set. ResultsDuring the follow-up period, 1 115 cases (9.71%) exhibited dangerous behaviors. Logistic regression results showed that urban residence, poverty, guardianship, intellectual disability, history of dangerous behaviors, impaired insight and positive symptoms were risk factors for dangerous behaviors (OR=1.778, 1.459, 2.719, 1.483, 3.890, 1.423, 2.528, 2.124, P<0.01). Being aged ≥60 years, educated, not requiring prescribed medication and having normal social functioning were protective factors for dangerous behaviors (OR=0.594, 0.824, 0.422, 0.719, P<0.05 or 0.01). The predictive effect in the testing set showed an area under curve (AUC) of 0.729 (95% CI: 0.692~0.766), accuracy of 70.97%, sensitivity of 59.71%, and specificity of 72.05%. The classification decision tree results showed that past dangerous situations, positive symptoms, overall social functioning score, economic status, insight, household registration, disability status and age were the influencing factors for dangerous behaviors. The predictive effect in the testing set showed an AUC of 0.721 (95% CI: 0.705~0.737), accuracy of 68.28%, sensitivity of 64.46%, and specificity of 68.60%. ConclusionThe classification decision tree does not have a greater advantage over the logistic regression model in predicting the risk of dangerous behaviors in patients with severe mental disorders in the community. [Funded by Chengdu Medical Research Project (number, 2020052)]

5.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 2363-2367, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998588

ABSTRACT

We reported a case of a patient dignosed as tuberculosis and severe malnutrition with coronavirus disease 2019 (critical type) treated with a combination of Chinese medicine and Western medicine. Through the retrospective analysis of the diagnosis and treatment process of this patient, on the basis of Chinese medicine's understanding of the etiology and pathogenesis of “old state” and “deficient state”, the critical coronavirus pneumonia combined with pulmonary tuberculosis and severe malnutrition was mostly due to the physical condition and the invasion of epidemic toxin, resulting in dysfunctions of the internal organs such as the lungs, spleens, kidneys and other organs. Based on the understanding of the cause and mechanism of the coronavirus disease, the treatment combined Chinese and Western medical therapies was given. The western medicine was used with the main treatments of oxygen therapy, anti-viral, intestinal nutritional support, and anti-coagulation, while the Chinese medicine was used by tonifying qi, blood, yin, and yang, warming yang and dissipating cold, and clearing heat and dampness, then tonifying qi, nourishing yin and eliminating heat, in which tonifying middle and replenishing qi ran through the whole process. The integrated treatment eventually improved the patient's symptoms and accelerated the negative conversion of nucleic acid of the coronavirus.

6.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 849-855, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998253

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo improve the anti-fall capacity and safety of the smart walkers. MethodsTwo pressure sensors were placed on the handles on both sides of the walker. The confusion matrix was obtained, the corresponding operational intent labels were manually labeled, using a support vector machine (SVM) classifier for model prediction to predict the travel intent of the users. The user wore a gyroscope and the walker was equipped with a laser sensor, to measure the angular velocity, angular acceleration and the distance data, respectively, to detect the user's fall. ResultsThe classifier model established by SVM successfully predicted three operating states of the walker, namely straight ahead, left turning and right turning. The user's fall was detected by the sudden change of the following data: the combined angular velocity was greater than 100°/s, the combined angular acceleration was greater than 1.3 G, the angular acceleration of Z-axis was greater than 0.7 G or less than 0.2 G, and the distance was greater than 600 mm or less than 300 mm. ConclusionThe improvement of the walker can predict the turn intention of the user, and detect the user's fall.

7.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1389-1392, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-974691

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To provide reference for improving the dispensing accuracy of similar drugs and reducing dispensing error risk through exploring the dispensing mode of similar drugs. METHODS The effectiveness and feasibility of the similar drug dispensing management mode was explored through adjusting the traditional horizontal or vertical sorting method to a “Z” shaped cargo location sorting, implementing similar drug in different zones dispensed by different people, and combining measures such as adjusting the format of drug dispensing documents and improving inventory methods. The role of similar drug dispensing mode in drug dispensing management was evaluated comprehensively from two aspects: work quality and work efficiency. RESULTS After the implementation of similar drug dispensing mode, total number of monthly dispensing errors (18.42±8.79 vs. 28.50±6.87,P= 0.005) and the proportion of monthly dispensing errors of similar drugs ([ 4.17±5.71)% vs. (10.96±7.05)%,P=0.017] were significantly lower than before the implementation; the monthly consistency rate between accounts and materials ([ 98.46±0.73)% vs. (97.61±0.57)%, P=0.004] was significantly higher than before implementation; completion time of dispensing in each batch was not significantly affected, and daily work was carried out smoothly and orderly. CONCLUSIONS The similar drug dispensing mode has a significant effect in improving the accuracy of dispensing similar drugs, reducing the risk of dispensing errors, and does not affect the efficiency of dispensing work.

8.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1029-1034, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987018

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical efficacy and adverse reactions of peginterferon-α2b for treatment of chronic myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN).@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the data of 107 patients with MPN, including 95 with essential thrombocythemia (ET) and 12 with polycythemia vera (PV), who all received peginterferon-α2b treatment for at least 12 months. The clnical and follow-up data of the patients were analyzed to evaluate the efficacy and adverse reactions of the treatment.@*RESULTS@#After receiving peginterferon- α2b treatment, both ET and PV patients achieved high hematological remission rates, and the total remission rates did not differ significantly between the two groups (86% vs 78%, P>0.05). In the overall patients, the spleen index decreased by 13.5% (95%CI: 8.5%-18.5%) after the treatment. The patients with hematological remission showed a significantly greater reduction of the total symptom score than those without hematological remission (P < 0.01). The median percentage of JAK2V617F allele load of PV patients decreased from 67.23% (49.6%-84.86%) at baseline to 19.7% (0.57%-74.6%) after the treatment, and that of JAK2V617F-positive ET patients decreased from 48.97% (0.45%-74.24%) at baseline to 22.1% (0.33%-65.42%) after the treatment. Mild adverse reactions (grade 1-2) were observed in both ET and PV groups without significant differences between them. The overall incidence of thrombotic events during the treatment was 2.8% in these patients, and no serious adverse reactions were observed.@*CONCLUSION@#For patients with chronic myelodysplasia, peginterferon-α2b treatment can achieve a high peripheral blood cell remission rate and maintain a long-term stable state with good effect in relieving symptoms such as splenomegaly. Peginterferon- α2b treatment caused only mild adverse reactions, which can be tolerated by most of the patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retrospective Studies , Neoplasms , Alleles , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Spleen
9.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 915-922, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010149

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the diurnal difference of acute gout attacks in men, and provide reference for accurate clinical prevention and treatment.@*METHODS@#Using a single-center, cross-sectional study design, the patients diagnosed with gout in the outpatient department of Rheumatology and Immuno-logy of PLA Joint Logistic Support Force No.980 Hospital from October 2021 to April 2022 were selected. The information about the patient's current/last acute gout attacks (less than 2 weeks from visit), date and time of attacks, joint symptoms and signs, medication use, and relevant biochemical tests on the day of visit was recorded. The diurnal time difference of acute gout attacks in male patients was analyzed, and univariate comparison and multivariate Logistic regression analyses were conducted to compare the diurnal difference of acute gout attacks with clinical characteristics and biochemical indicators.@*RESULTS@#A total of 100 male gout patients were included, and 100 acute attacks were recorded. Diurnal distribution of acute gout attacks: morning (6:00~11:59, 18, 18%), afternoon (12:00~17:59, 11, 11%), the first half of the night (18:00~23:59, 22, 22%), the second half of the night (0:00~05:59, 49, 49%); During the day (included morning and afternoon, 29, 29%) and at night (included the first half of the night and the second half of the night, 71, 71%). The rate of acute gout attack was significantly higher at night than in the day (about 2.5 ∶1). No matter the first or recurrent gout, no matter the duration of the disease, the number of acute gout attacks had the difference of less in the day and more in the night. Serum urate (SU) level was higher in the patients with nocturnal attack than in those with daytime attack (P=0.044). Comorbidities were significantly different in the day-night ratio of the number of acute gout attack (P=0.028). Multiple Logistic regression analysis showed that SU level (OR=1.005, 95%CI: 1.001-1.009) and comorbidities (OR=3.812, 95%CI: 1.443-10.144) were the correlative factors of nocturnal acute gout attacks.@*CONCLUSION@#No matter the first or recurrent gout, no matter the duration of the disease, it has a diurnal variation characterized by multiple attacks at night, increased SU level and comorbidities are correlative factors for nocturnal acute attack of gout.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Cross-Sectional Studies , Gout/drug therapy , Arthritis, Gouty , Gout Suppressants/therapeutic use , Comorbidity
10.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 265-268, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969982

ABSTRACT

To explore the regulating effect of acupuncture on pain based on the three dimensions of pain (pain sensation, pain emotion and pain cognition). The pain sensation is related to the body, the pain emotion is related to the seven emotions, the pain cognition is related to the mind of the five zang, and the three dimensions of pain interact with each other. Through the two ways of "regulating qi to treat mind" and "treating mind to regulate qi ", acupuncture comprehensively acts on pain sensation, pain emotion and pain cognition to achieve comprehensive regulation of pain.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Analgesia , Acupuncture Therapy , Emotions , Cognition , Pain
11.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 186-190, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969969

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of moxibustion at "Baihui" (GV 20) and "Dazhui" (GV 14) at different time points on the serum level of β-endorphin (β-EP), substance P (SP) and expression of interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) protein in brainstem in rats with migraine, and to explore the effect and mechanism of moxibustion in preventing and treating migraine.@*METHODS@#Forty male SD rats were randomly divided into a blank group, a model group, a prevention+treatment (PT) group and a treatment group, 10 rats in each group. Except the blank group, the rats in the remaining groups were injected with nitroglycerin subcutaneously to prepare migraine model. The rats in the PT group were treated with moxibustion 7 days before modeling (once a day) and 30 min after modeling, while the rats in the treatment group were treated with moxibustion 30 min after modeling. The "Baihui" (GV 20) and "Dazhui" (GV 14) were taken for 30 minutes each time. The behavioral scores in each group were observed before and after modeling. After intervention, ELISA method was used to detect the serum level of β-EP and SP; the immunohistochemistry method was used to detect the number of positive cells of IL-1β in brainstem; the Western blot method was used to detect the expression of COX-2 protein in brainstem.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the blank group, the behavioral scores in the model group were increased 0-30 min, 60-90 min and 90-120 min after modeling (P<0.01); compared with the model group, in the treatment group and the PT group, the behavioral scores were decreased 60-90 min and 90-120 min after modeling (P<0.01). Compared with the blank group, in the model group, the serum level of β-EP was decreased (P<0.01), while the serum level of SP, the number of positive cells of IL-1β in brainstem and the expression of COX-2 protein were increased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, in the PT group and and the treatment group, the serum level of β-EP was increased (P<0.01), while the serum level of SP, the number of positive cells of IL-1β and the expression of COX-2 protein in brainstem were decreased (P<0.01, P<0.05). Compared with the treatment group, in the PT group, the serum level of β-EP was increased and COX-2 protein expression was decreased (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Moxibustion could effectively relieve migraine. The mechanism may be related to reduce the serum level of SP, IL-1β and COX-2 protein expression in brainstem, and increase the serum level of β-EP, and the optimal effect is observed in the PT group.


Subject(s)
Rats , Male , Animals , Moxibustion , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Cyclooxygenase 2 , beta-Endorphin , Substance P , Interleukin-1beta , Migraine Disorders , Brain Stem
12.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 419-423, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996250

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy and adverse reactions of image-guided hypofractionated intensity-modulated radiotherapy (Ig-HypoRT) conbined with contralateral esophageal protection in treatment of patients with unresectable stage Ⅲ non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).Methods:The clinical data of 45 patients with unresectable stage Ⅲ NSCLC who were admitted to Xuzhou Cancer Hospital from January 2016 to January 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients received induction chemotherapy with a platinum-based dual-drug combination regimen, followed by Ig-HypoRT with a total dose of tumor of 60-63 Gy/12- 18 times at 3.5-5.0 Gy/time. Contralateral esophagus was delineated as an organ at risk during radiotherapy, limiting V 45 Gy≤1.8 cc and V 55 Gy ≤0.4 cc. Patients' efficacy, survival and the occurrence of adverse reactions were observed. Results:Among 45 patients, there were 9 cases of complete remission, 31 cases of partial remission, 4 cases of stable disease and 1 case of disease progression, and the effective rate was 88.8% (40/45). The median follow-up time was 34 months, 45 patients had a median overall survival (OS) time of 25.0 months (95% CI 21.7-28.8 months), with 1-, 2-, and 3-year OS rates of 78.9%, 56.8% and 47.7%, respectively; the median progression-free survival (PFS) time was 18.5 months (95% CI 15.0-22.0 months), with 1-, 2- and 3-year PFS rates of 59.8%, 32.6% and 18.6%, respectively. The 3-year local recurrence rate was 9% (4/45). The incidence of grade 1-2 radioactive esophagitis was 80% (36/45); the incidence of grade 1-2 chest pain was 20% (9/45). The incidence of grade 3-4 adverse reactions were 13% (6/45), including 7% (3/45) of grade 3 pulmonary atelectasis, 4% (2/45) of grade 3 radioactive pneumonia, and 2% (1/45) of grade 4 hemoptysis. Conclusions:Ig-HypoRT combined with contralateral esophageal protection for unresectable stage Ⅲ NSCLC can improve survival rate and reduce esophageal adverse reactions of patients.

13.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 217-223, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996148

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical effect of Tuina(Chinese therapeutic massage)combined with Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang(Middle Jiao-supplementing and Qi-boosting Decoction)in the treatment of rectocele of Qi sinking due to spleen deficiency.Methods:A total of 108 patients with rectocele(grades Ⅰ and Ⅱ)were randomly divided into a Chinese medicine group and a Tuina+Chinese medicine group,with 54 cases in each group.Both groups were treated with Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang,and the Tuina+Chinese medicine group was treated with additional Tuina manipulation.The score of clinical symptoms and grade of rectocele were observed and compared between the two groups.Results:After treatment,39 cases were cured,10 cases were effective,and 5 cases failed in the Tuina+Chinese medicine group,making a total effective rate of 90.7%.In the Chinese medicine group,26 cases were cured,16 cases were effective,and 12 cases failed,making a total effective rate of 77.8%.The efficacy difference between the two groups was statistically significant,checked by the rank-sum test(P<0.05).After treatment,the grades of rectocele in the two groups were statistically different from those before treatment(P<0.05),and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant(P<0.05).After treatment,the score of each item and the total score of traditional Chinese medicine symptoms in the two groups were lower than those before treatment,and the differences within the group were statistically significant(P<0.05).The score of each item and the total score of the Tuina+Chinese medicine group were lower than those of the Chinese medicine group,and the differences between the two groups were statistically significant(P<0.05).Conclusion:Tuina plus Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang has better clinical efficacy than Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang alone in the treatment of rectocele of Qi sinking due to spleen deficiency.

14.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 385-392, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995566

ABSTRACT

The end of the COVID-19 infection peak in 2022 prompts a backlog of cardiovascular surgical patients to gradually return to the hospital, resulting in a surge in cardiovascular surgeries. However, against the backdrop of the COVID-19 pandemic, the clinical practice of cardiovascular surgery faces many problems. Therefore, organized by Beijing Anzhen Hospital, experts in cardiovascular surgery and related fields have formulated hospital expert experience on perioperative treatment principles of cardiovascular surgery for patients infected with COVID-19. This article summarizes the clinical decision-making of patients requiring cardiovascular surgery after COVID-19 infection, and advises on the corresponding recommendations according to the existing evidence-based medical evidence as well as the actual clinical practice experience of relevant experts. The main content of the article includes special requirements for cardiovascular surgical treatment indications in patients with COVID-19 infection, selection of surgical timing, special requirements of preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative management, etc., which aims to provide COVID-19-infected patients with guidance on rational decision-making when receiving cardiovascular surgery.

15.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 533-537, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995220

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical effectiveness of manual therapy based on posture decoding for patients with lower crossed syndrome (LCS).Methods:Thirty-six LCS patients were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, each of 18. The observation group received manual therapy based on posture decoding, while the control group was treated with proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF), both in 20min sessions, once a week for 4 weeks. Before the experiment, after one, two and four weeks of treatment and followed-up 4 and 8 weeks later, both groups were evaluated using a visual analogue scale (VAS), the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and finger-floor distance (FFD). Anterior pelvic tilt angles (ASIS-PSISs), sacral slopes (SS), lumbar curve index (LCI) and surface EMG flexion-relaxation ratios (FRRs) were also recorded from both groups before and after the treatment.Results:After one and four weeks of the treatment, the average VAS, ODI, and FFD had decreased significantly in both groups, with all significantly lower in the observation group, on average. At the final follow-up, the average VAS and ODI scores of both groups were significantly lower than before the treatment, with those of the observation group significantly lower than the control group′s averages. After 4 weeks of treatment significant differences were observed also in the group′s average ASIS-PSISs, SSs and LCIs compared with before the treatment. And right after the treatment the left and right surface electromyography FRRs of the observation group were significantly higher than those of the control group.Conclusion:Manual therapy based on posture decoding can significantly improve the pelvis forward angle and lumbar motion of LCS patients, relieving back pain and relaxing back muscles.

16.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 408-413, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995209

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe any stimulatory effect of intermittent theta burst stimulation (iTBS) on the cerebral swallowing cortex and the cerebellar swallowing motor area and to explore the related mechanisms.Methods:Forty-four healthy right-handed subjects were divided at random into a dominant cerebellum group ( n=15), a non-dominant cerebellum group ( n=15) and a control group ( n=14). In the dominant cerebellum group, iTBS was administered to the cerebellum of the dominant hemisphere, and the other hemisphere was given sham stimulation. In the non-dominant cerebellum group, it was the opposite. The dominant cerebellum received the sham stimulation. In the control group both hemispheres received sham stimulation. Before and after the stimulation, single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) was applied to the representative regions of suprahyoid muscles in bilateral brain and cerebellum to observe changes of the latency and amplitude of motor evoked potentials (MEPs). Results:After the intervention the MEP amplitude of the bilateral swallowing cortex and the stimulated cerebellum had increased in the non-dominant cerebellum group, with increased MEP amplitude only from the stimulated cerebellum of the dominant cerebellum group. Compared with the control group, the non-dominant cerebellum group showed the greatest improvement in MEP amplitude of the stimulated bilateral cerebral cortex and cerebellum. Improvement in the dominant cerebellum group was significantly smaller. However, there were no significant differences in MEP latency or the percentage change in MEP latency from baseline among the three groups.Conclusions:Applying iTBS to either the non-dominant or the dominant cerebellum excites the brain areas related to swallowing, but in different ways.

17.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 23-30, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994384

ABSTRACT

Hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS), which is currently named as hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), is a hyperinflammatory syndrome characterized by persistent fever, hepatosplenomegaly, pancytopenia and hemophagocytosis found in bone marrow, liver, spleen and lymph nodes due to excessive activation of macrophages and cytotoxic T cells. Macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) is a specific form of HLH induced by autoinflammatory/autoimmune disorders which can be life-threatening and requires multiple disciplines. In order to improve clinicians′ understanding of MAS and standardize the clinical diagnosis and treatment practice of MAS, the rheumatology branch of Chinese Rheumatology Association organized domestic experts to formulate the diagnosis and treatment standard, in order to improve the diagnosis and treatment level of MAS and improve the prognosis of patients.

18.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 297-301, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994188

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the relationship between Karyopherin β2 (Kapβ2)-mediated nuclear translocation of nuclear inhomogeneous ribonucleoprotein A2/B1 (hnRNPA2/B1) and sevoflurane-induced brain neurotoxicity in a cellular experiment.Methods:The mouse hippocampal neuronal cell line HT22 cells were inoculated in confocal culture dishes and 6-well culture plates at a density of 2×10 5 cells/well and 1×10 6 cells/well and divided into 4 groups( n=12 each) by a random number table method: control group (GFP-C group) carrying green fluorescent protein (GFP) with empty adenovirus transfection, sevoflurane group (GFP-Sev group) carrying GFP with empty adenovirus transfection, control group (GFP-Sev group) transfected with Kapβ2 gene-overexpressing adenovirus, and sevoflurane group (Kapβ2-Sev group) transfected with Kapβ2 gene-overexpressing adenovirus. After 48 h of conventional incubation, empty adenovirus-carrying GFP (GFP-C and GFP-Sev groups) and Kapβ2 gene-overexpressing adenovirus (Kapβ2-C and Kapβ2-Sev groups) were transfected. After 48 h of transfection, the cells were conventionally incubated continuously in GFP-C and Kapβ2-C groups, and the cells were incubated for 3 h with 3% sevoflurane and then were conventionally incubated for 48 h in GFP-Sev and Kapβ2-Sev groups. The expression of Kapβ2, synaptophysin (SYP), postsynaptic density protein 95 (PSD95) and hnRNPA2/B1 nucleoplasmic ratio were measured in cells by Western blot. Immunofluorescence assay was used for hnRNPA2/B1 subcellular localization. Results:Compared with GFP-C group, the expression of SYP and PSD95 was significantly down-regulated, hnRNPA2/B1 nucleoplasmic ratio was decreased, and cytoplasmic hnRNPA2/B1 expression was up-regulated in GFP-Sev group, and Kapβ2 expression was significantly up-regulated in Kapβ2-C group ( P<0.05). Compared with Kapβ2-C group, the expression of SYP and PSD95 was significantly down-regulated, hnRNPA2/B1 nucleoplasmic ratio was decreased, and cytoplasmic hnRNPA2/B1 expression was up-regulated in Kapβ2-Sev group ( P<0.05). Compared with GFP-Sev group, the expression of Kapβ2, SYP and PSD95 was significantly up-regulated, hnRNPA2/B1 nucleoplasmic ratio was increased, and cytoplasmic hnRNPA2/B1 expression was down-regulated in Kapβ2-Sev group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Kapβ2-mediated hnRNPA2/B1 nuclear translocation may be the endogenous protective mechanism against sevoflurane-induced brain neurotoxicity.

19.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 181-185, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994171

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the relationship between cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1R) and the NOD-like receptor thermal protein domain-associated protein 3 (NLRP3) during the reduction of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury by electroacupuncture (EA) preconditioning in rats.Methods:Forty SPF healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 7-9 weeks, weighing 250-280 g, were divided into 5 groups ( n=8 each) according to the random number table method: sham operation group (Sham group), cerebral I/R group (I/R group), EA preconditioning group (EA group), CB1R antagonist AM251+ EA preconditioning group (AM251+ EA group), and CB1R agonist WIN 55, 212-2 group (WIN group). Cerebral I/R was induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in anesthetized animals. In EA group, EA preconditioning was performed, and the acupoint Baihui (GV20) was stimulated for 30 min with disperse-dense waves, the intensity of 1 mA and frequency of 2/15 Hz once a day for 5 consecutive days, and the model of cerebral I/R injury was developed at 24 h after the last EA. In AM251+ EA group, CB1R antagonist AM251 1 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected at 30 min before each stimulation, and the remaining operations were the same as those previously described in EA group. CB1R agonist WIN 55, 212-2 1.5 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected for 5 consecutive days, and the model of cerebral I/R injury was prepared at 24 h after the last injection in WIN group. Neurological behavior was assessed and scored at 3 days of reperfusion. Then the rats were sacrificed, and brains were removed, and the infarct volume was measured by TTC staining, and the tissues in the ischemic penumbra were extracted for determination of the expression of NLRP3, caspase-1 and interleukin-1bata (IL-1β) by Western blot. Results:Compared with Sham group, the percentage of cerebral infarct volume was significantly increased, the neurobehavioral score was decreased, and the expression of NLRP3, caspase-1 and IL-1β was up-regulated in I/R group ( P<0.05). Compared with I/R group, the percentage of cerebral infarct volume was significantly decreased, the neurobehavioral score was increased, and the expression of NLRP3, caspase-1 and IL-1β was down-regulated in EA and WIN groups ( P<0.05). Compared with EA group, the percentage of cerebral infarct volume was significantly increased, the neurobehavioral score was decreased, and the expression of NLRP3, caspase-1 and IL-1β was up-regulated in AM251+ EA group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:EA preconditioning may inhibit the activation of NLRP3 inflammasomes by activating CB1R, thus alleviating cerebral I/R injury in rats.

20.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 333-338, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993333

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical effect of real-time virtual sonography (RVS) surgical navigation combined with indocyanine green fluorescence imaging technology in the anatomical liver segmentectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods:The clinical data of 35 patients who underwent anatomical liver segmentectomy using RVS surgical navigation combined with indocyanine green fluorescence imaging technology in the Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery of Peking University International Hospital from January 2020 to January 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 22 males and 13 females, aged (60.0±10.0) years. RVS is real-time virtual sonography, which fuses real-time intraoperative ultrasound images with corresponding preoperative CT or MRI images to guide the surgical plane. Methods of operation, time of operation, intraoperative blood loss, operative margin, hospital stay and postoperative complications were analyzed. Postoperative complications were graded by Clavien-Dindo system. The 1-year overall survival and tumor-free survival rates of patients were followed up by outpatient or telephone review.Results:Anatomical liver segmentectomy was performed on 36 patients, including 1 patient (2.9%) of segment Ⅱ, 1 patient (2.9%) of segment Ⅲ, 5 patients (14.3%) of segment Ⅳ, 6 patients (17.1%) of segment Ⅴ, 10 patients (28.6%) of segment Ⅵ, 7 patients (20.0%) of segment Ⅶ, 4 patients (11.4%) of segment Ⅷ, and 1 patient (2.9%) of segments Ⅴ+ Ⅷ. The operation time of 35 patients was (310.2±81.6) min, with an intraoperative blood loss of [ M( Q1, Q3)] 390.0(250.0, 500.0) ml. The hospital stay was (11.6±2.1) d. There was no postoperative death. Postoperative complications occurred in 3 cases (8.6%), of which 2 cases (5.7%) were ascites, Clavien-Dindo grade Ⅰ; Postoperative hemorrhage occurred in 1 case (2.9%), Clavien-Dindo grade Ⅱ. HCC was confirmed by pathology in all cases, and the operative margins were negative. The median follow-up time was 14 months (12 to 20 months). The 1-year overall survival rate after surgery was 100.0%(35/35), three patients (8.6%) had tumor recurrence, and the 1-year tumor-free survival rate was 91.4% (32/35). Conclusion:RVS surgical navigation combined with indocyanine green fluorescence imaging technology could be feasible in anatomical segmental hepatectomy for HCC.

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