Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 891
Filter
1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 169-177, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913161

ABSTRACT

During fluorescence-guided cancer surgery, ultra-pH sensitive (UPS) fluorescent nanoprobes has multiple advantages such as real-time imaging procedures, ultra-high imaging sensitivity as well as broad tumor detection specificity. UPS nanoprobes stay at "OFF" state at higher pH and turn into "ON" state at lower pH with emission of strong fluorescence. Moreover, the transition pH points (transition pH point, pHt) can be precisely controlled by structural-based strategy. One of the previously-reported UPS nanoprobes showed good imaging effect. However, it is still not clear about the effect of pHt on cancer imaging efficiency of UPS nanoprobes and to further identify the optimal UPS. In this study, we synthesized a series of UPS nanoprobes with pHt at 4.5, 6.2, 6.6, 7.8 by adjusting the hydrophobic blocks of UPS polymers. Each nanoprobe showed excellent stability in "OFF" state by dynamic light scattering and uniform morphology observed by transmission electron microscopy. In vitro imaging characterized the ultra-pH sensitive fluorescence transition of each probe. In vivo imaging results identified two UPS nanoprobes (NP-6.2 and NP-6.6) with superior tumor imaging effect. All animal experiments in this study were approved by the Animal Ethics Committee of Peking University Health Science Center and were strictly followed by the welfare regulations of laboratory animals of Peking University Health Science Center. Therefore, this study has explored the effect of pHt on the cancer imaging efficiency of UPS nanoprobes and provides a new idea for design of the other cancer microenvironment-responsive polymers.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 332-337, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913092

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study the content changes of ch emical constituents of processed products of Terminalia chebula at different temperatures ,and to compare its anti-ulcerative colitis effect. METHODS Processed products of T. chebula at different temperatures(160,180,200,220,240,260,280,300 ℃)were prepared by sand scalding technology. HPLC method was adopted to determine the contents of gallic acid ,chebulagic acid ,chebulinic acid and ellagic acid in crude drug and processed products of T. chebula at different temperatures. The mice were divided into blank group ,model group ,Mesalazin enteric-coated tablets group (positive control ,0.4 g/kg),crude drug and processed products groups of T. chebula at different temperatures (1.3 g/kg),with 10 mice in each group. Except for blank group ,other groups were given 6% acetic acid 0.1 mL via anus to induce ulcerative colitis model. After modeling ,blank group and model group were given water intragastrically ,and other groups were given relevant drug intragastrically ,20 mL/kg,once a day ,for consecutive 7 days. The general physical signs of mice in each group were observed and the body weight was recorded. The colorectal length and index ,serum levels of related inflammation indexes [superoxide dismutase (SOD),malondialdehyde (MDA),interleukin-10 (IL-10),IL-1 β ,tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α)] were detected. The pathomorphological changes of colon and rectum were observed ,and the comprehensive score of pharmacodynamics was performed. RESULTS With the increase of processing temperature ,the contents of chebulagic acid and chebulinic acid decreased gradually ,the content of gallic acid increased first and then decreased ,and the content of ellagic acid increased. Compared with model group ,the general physical signs ,body weight ,colorectal length ,colorectal index and related inflammation indexes were all improved significantly in crude drug and processed products groups of T. chebula at different temperatures(P<0.05 or P<0.01). The glandular recess structure of colorectal tissue was repaired ,the infiltration of inflammatory cells was reduced ,and the comprehensive score of efficacy of processed products prepared at 260 ℃ was the highest. CONCLUSIONS The contents of chemical components in T. chebula processed at different temperatures change significantly and their anti-ulcerative colitis effects are different. The processed products of T. chebula prepared at 260 ℃ show the best anti-ulcerative colitis effect.

3.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 287-292, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913085

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To establish the ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry method for simultaneous determination of liquiritin , naringin, hesperidin, neohesperidin, nobiletin, atractylenolide Ⅲ , imperatorin,honokiol,isoimperatorin and magnolol in Huoxiang zhengqi soft capsules. METHODS Twelve batches of Huoxiang zhengqi soft capsules were extracted by ultrasonic extraction with ethanol. The determination was performed on Ultimate XB-C 18 column with mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile - 0.1% formic acid solution for gradient elution at the flow rate of 0.4 mL/min. The column temperature was 30 ℃. The electrospray ionization source was applied to carry out the positive and negative ion scanning with multiple react ion monitoring mode. RESULTS The linear range of liquiritin ,naringin,hesperidin,neohesperidin, nobiletin,atractylenolide Ⅲ ,imperatorin,honokiol,isoimperatorin and magnolol were 1.64-52.40,1.73-55.20,1.54-49.20, 1.71-54.80,1.74-55.60,4.19-134.00,1.51-48.40,1.61-51.60,1.80-57.60,1.74-55.60 ng/mL(r≥0.999 5),respectively. The limits of quantitation were 0.41,0.43,0.19,0.43,0.11,1.05,0.19,0.40,0.45,0.11 ng/mL,respectively. RSDs of precision ,stability (24 h)and repeatability tests were all lower than 6%. Average recoveries were 102.42%,98.65%,98.34%,101.48%,96.74%, 100.40%,104.92%,98.53%,99.50%,105.40%(RSD=1.34%-5.44%,n=9). The contents of the above 10 constituents in 12 batches of Huoxiang zhengqi soft capsules were 201.21-287.89,5.03-20.37,1 465.56-1 988.35,5.35-9.01,217.09-306.44,1.91- 16.17,1 081.59-1 377.12,2 388.34-2 915.13,341.26-397.45 and 7 633.47-8 976.99 μg/g,respectively. CONCLUSIONS The established method for content determination is convenient ,sensitive and accurate ,which can be used for the quality control and evaluation of Huoxiang zhengqi related preparations.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936212

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the related factors and treatments of delayed cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea (CFR) after invasive pituitary adenoma (IPA) surgery. Methods: One hundred and forty-two patients with IPA treated in Tianjin Huanhu Hospital from January 2014 to January 2019 were analyzed retrospectively, including 62 males and 80 females, aging from 38 to 67 years. The clinical data of patients before and after operation were collected. All patients with postoperative CFR underwent endoscopic CFR repair. During the operation, residual or recurrent pituitary adenomas were resected, the dura around the leak was enlarged and the necrotic tissue was removed. For those who still had fluid leakage after repair, the necrotic tissue was cleaned up, the leakage was filled and reinforced under endoscopy. Endoscopic rhinorrhea repair was performed if necessary. The cerebrospinal fluid leak was repaired with multi-layer materials. The related risk factors of delayed CFR after operation were analyzed. SPSS 19.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: Among the 142 patients in this group, 64 cases underwent total tumor resection and 78 cases underwent non-total tumor resection. They were followed up for 6 to 72 months. Thirty-one cases had delayed CFR, with an incidence of 21.83%, and occurred between 1 and 5 years postoperatively, with an average of 2.4 years. All 31 patients with delayed CFR underwent endoscopic CFR repair. The nasal endoscopy was rechecked at 2 weeks, 1 month, 3 months and 6 months after operation. Twenty-eight patients were repaired successfully after 1 operation, while 2 patients after 2 operations and 1 patient after 3 operations. These patients were followed up for 6 to 60 months, and no CFR occurred again. Univariate analysis showed that the degree of tumor resection, recurrence, size, texture, postoperative radiotherapy and operator experience were the risk factors of delayed CFR (all P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that the degree of tumor resection and recurrence were the highest independent risk factors for postoperative CFR, and tumor size, texture, postoperative radiotherapy and operator experience were the independent risk factors in this study. Conclusions: Delayed CFR after IPA is related to the degree of tumor resection, recurrence, size, texture, postoperative radiotherapy and the operator experience. It is necessary to completely remove the tumor under endoscope, to expand resection of the dura and necrotic tissue around the leak, to repair the defect with multi-layer materials, to follow-up closely and to repair timely after operation.


Subject(s)
Adenoma/surgery , Adult , Aged , Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak , Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea/surgery , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pituitary Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies
5.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 891-896, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923199

ABSTRACT

Enteric-soluble soft capsule is a kind of new preparation that does not disintegrate in the stomach ,but releases rapidly in the intestinal tract to play a pharmacodynamic role. It has the unique advantages of improving drug stability ,reducing drug irritation ,delivering drugs directionally to the intestinal tract ,and prolonging drug action time. In this paper ,the decomposition and release mechanism ,application advantages ,classification of enteric-soluble coating materials and preparation methods of enteric-soluble soft capsule are sorted and summarized ,in order to provide reference for further development of this type of preparation.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929241

ABSTRACT

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a multifactorial disorder of the nervous system where a progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons exist. However, the pathogenesis of PD remains undefined, which becomes the main limitation for the development of clinical PD treatment. Demethylenetetrahydroberberine (DMTHB) is a novel derivative of natural product berberine. This study was aimed to explore the neuroprotective effects and pharmacological mechanism of DMTHB on Parkinson's disease using C57BL/6 mice. A PD model of mice was induced by administration of MPTP (20 mg·kg-1) and probenecid (200 mg·kg-1) twice per week for five weeks. The mice were administered with DMTHB daily by gavage at the dose of 5 and 50 mg·kg-1 for one- week prophylactic treatment and five-week theraputic treatment. The therapeutic effects of DMTHB were evaluated by behavior tests (the open field, rotarod and pole tests), immunohistochemical staining of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), Nissl staining and biochemical assays. The molecular mechanisms of DMTHB on the key biomarkers of PD pathological states were analyzed by Western blot (WB) and qRT-PCR. DMTHB treatment alleviated the behavioral disorder induced by MPTP-probenecid. Nissl staining and TH staining showed that the damage of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra was remarkably suppressed by DMTHB treatment. Western blot results showed that the ratio of Bcl-2/Bax and TH increased, but the level of α-synuclein (α-syn) was remarkably reduced, which indicated that the apoptosis of dopaminergic neurons in mice was significantly reduced. The protein phosphorylation of p-PI3K, p-AKT and p-mTOR also increased about 2-fold, compared with the model group. Furthermore, qRT-PCR results demonstrated that the mRNA levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, IL-1β and TNF-α, were reduced, but the level of anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 increased after DMTHB treatment. Finally, the cellular assay displayed that DMTHB was also a strong antioxidant to protect neuron cell line PC12 by scavenging ROS. In this study, we demonstrated DMTHB alleviates the behavioral disorder and protects dopaminergic neurons through multiple-target effects includubg anti-apoptotic, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dopaminergic Neurons/pathology , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Parkinson Disease/pathology , Parkinsonian Disorders/chemically induced , Substantia Nigra
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928969

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Chlorogenic acid has various physiological activities such as antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and antiviral activities. Studies have shown that chlorogenic acid can alleviate the inflammatory response of mice with acute lung injury (ALI), but the specific mechanism is still unclear. This study aims to investigate whether chlorogenic acid attenuates lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ALI in mice by regulating the microRNA-223 (miR-223)/nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) axis.@*METHODS@#SPF grade BALBc male mice were randomly divided into a control group, a model group, a chlorogenic acid group, a chlorogenic acid+miR-223 negative control (miR-223 NC) group, and a chlorogenic acid+miR-223 inhibitor (miR-223 antagomir) group, 10 mice in each group. Except the control group, the other groups were instilled with 4 mg/kg LPS through the airway to establish the ALI mouse model. After the modeling, the mice in the chlorogenic acid group were continuously given chlorogenic acid (100 mg/kg) by gavage for 7 d. The chlorogenic acid+miR-223 NC group and the chlorogenic acid+miR-223 antagomir group were given 100 mg/kg chlorogenic acid by gavage every day, and then were injected with 10 μL of miR-223 NC (0.5 nmol/μL) and miR-223 antagomir (0.5 nmol/μL) respectively for 7 consecutive days.The control group and the model group were replaced with normal saline. The lung tissues of mice were taken to measure the ratios of lung wet to dry weight (W/D). The bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of mice was collected to measure the levels of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β by ELISA kit and to count the number of eosinophils (EOS), lymphocytes, neutrophils under light microscope. After HE staining, the pathological changes of lung tissues were observed and lung injury was scored. qRT-PCR method were used to determine the expression levels of miR-223 in lung tissues. Western blotting was used to determine the expression levels of NLRP3 protein in mouse lung tissues. Luciferase reporter assay was used to analyze the targeting relationship of miR-223 to NLRP3.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the lung W/D value, the lung injury score and the level of inflammatory factors in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid were significantly increased in the model group (all P<0.05); the infiltration of inflammatory cells in the lung tissue was severe; the alveolar space was significantly increased; the alveolar wall was significantly thickened; the number of EOS, lymphocytes, and neutrophils in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was significantly increased (all P<0.05); the expression levels of miR-223 in lung tissue were significantly decreased (P<0.05); and the protein expression levels of NLRP3 were significantly increased (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the W/D value of lungs, lung injury score, and levels of inflammatory factors in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid were significantly decreased in the chlorogenic acid group, the chlorogenic acid+miR-223 NC group, and the chlorogenic acid+miR-223 antagomir group (all P<0.05); lung tissues damage was alleviated; the numbers of EOS, lymphocytes, and neutrophils in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid were significantly decreased (all P<0.05); the expression levels of miR-223 in lung tissues were significantly increased (P<0.05); and the expression levels of NLRP3 protein were significantly decreased (P<0.05). Compared with the chlorogenic acid group, the lung W/D value, lung injury score, and inflammatory factor levels in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid were significantly increased in the chlorogenic acid+miR-223 antagomir group (all P<0.05); lung tissue damage was aggravated; the number of EOS, lymphocytes and neutrophils in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid significantly increased (all P<0.05); the expression levels of miR-223 in lung tissues were significantly decreased (P<0.05); and the expression levels of NLRP3 protein were significantly increased (P<0.05). The results of luciferase reporter assay showed that miR-223 had a targeting relationship with NLRP3.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Chlorogenic acid may increase the level of miR-223, target the inhibition of NLRP3 expression, reduce LPS-induced inflammatory response in ALI mice, and alleviate pathological damage of lung tissues.


Subject(s)
Acute Lung Injury/genetics , Animals , Antagomirs/metabolism , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Chlorogenic Acid/metabolism , Lipopolysaccharides/adverse effects , Lung/pathology , Male , Mice , MicroRNAs/metabolism , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/genetics
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941035

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To propose a multi-modality-based super-resolution synthesis model for reconstruction of routine brain magnetic resonance images (MRI) with a low resolution and a high thickness into high-resolution images.@*METHODS@#Based on real paired low-high resolution MRI data (2D T1, 2D T2 FLAIR and 3D T1), a structure-constrained image mapping network was used to extract important features from the images with different modalities including the whole T1 and subcortical regions of T2 FLAIR to reconstruct T1 images with higher resolutions. The gray scale intensity and structural similarities between the super-resolution images and high-resolution images were used to enhance the reconstruction performance. We used the anatomical information acquired from segment maps of the super-resolution T1 image and the ground truth by a segmentation tool as a significant constraint for adaptive learning of the intrinsic tissue structure characteristics of the brain to improve the reconstruction performance of the model.@*RESULTS@#Our method showed the performance on the testing dataset than other methods with an average PSNR of 33.11 and SSIM of 0.996. The anatomical structure of the brain including the sulcus, gyrus, and subcortex were all reconstructed clearly using the proposed method, which also greatly enhanced the precision of MSCSR for brain volume measurement.@*CONCLUSION@#The proposed MSCSR model shows excellent performance for reconstructing super-resolution brain MR images based on the information of brain tissue structure and multimodality MR images.


Subject(s)
Brain/pathology , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted/methods , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941010

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the protective effect of excretory-secretory proteins from Trichinella spiralis muscle larvae (Ts-MES) on sepsis-induced myocardial injury in mice.@*METHODS@#Eighty male BALB/C mice were randomized equally into sham-operated group, myocardial injury group, Ts-MES treatment group and dexamethasone treatment group. In the latter 3 groups, sepsis-induced myocardial injury models were established by cecal ligation and perforation; the sham operation was performed by exposure of the cecum without ligation or perforation. Forty minutes after the operation, the mice were given intraperitoneal injections 150 μL PBS, 20 μg TS-MES or 0.3 mg/kg dexamethasone as indicated. At 12 h after the operation, 6 mice were randomly selected from each group for echocardiography, and 8 mice were used for observing the survival rate within 72 h. The remaining 6 mice were examined for myocardial pathologies with HE staining and serum levels of NTPro-BNP and cTnI with ELISA; the expressions of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-10 and TGF-β in the serum and myocardial tissue were detected using ELISA and qRT-PCR.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the sham-operated mice, the septic mice showed significantly decreased cardiac function indexes (LVEF, LVFS, and E/A) with lowered survival rate within 72 h (P < 0.001) and significantly higher myocardial injury scores and serum levels of NTPro-BNP and cTnI (P < 0.01). Treatment with TS-MES significantly improved the cardiac function and 72-h survival rate (P < 0.05) and lowered the myocardial injury scores and serum levels of NTPro-BNP and cTnI (P < 0.05) in the septic mice. Compared with the sham-operated mice, the septic mice had obviously increased TNF-α and IL-6 levels in the serum and myocardial tissue (P < 0.001), which were significantly lowered by treatment with TS-MES (P < 0.05). TS-MES and dexamethasone both increased the levels of IL-10 and TGF-β in the septic mice, but the changes were significant only in TS-MES-treated mice (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Ts-MES are capable of protecting against myocardial injury in septic mice by reducing the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines and enhancing the levels of regulatory cytokines.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cytokines , Dexamethasone , Heart Injuries , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-6 , Larva , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Myocardium , Sepsis , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Trichinella spiralis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
10.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1550-1553, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940021

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of trabeculectomy at the inferior limbus for patients of intraocular pressure(IOP)after failed glaucoma filtration.METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted to identify 51 glaucoma patients with 61 eyes that had undergone trabeculectomy at the inferior limbus for patients of IOP after failed glaucoma filtration. The preoperative and postoperative IOP, visual acuity and number of IOP-lowering drugs, as well as intraoperative and postoperative complications were extracted. Surgical success rates were calculated using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis.RESULTS: The postoperative follow-up time ranged from 6-76(mean 30.15±14.10)mo. The preoperative IOP of 61 eyes was 35.98±10.01mmHg, the IOP after the surgery at 1wk, 1, 3, 6mo, 1a and the IOP of last follow-up visit were 9.62±4.90, 13.15±4.51, 16.05±7.37, 16.48±6.81, 16.68±6.42, 16.77±7.56 mmHg respectively, all of these were different compared to the preoperative IOP(P&#x003C;0.001). The postoperative complete success rates at 6mo, 1 and 2a were 62%, 49% and 36%, respectively and the partial success rates were 93%, 85% and 81%, respectively. There were 34 eyes(56%)formed functional filtration blebs. There were 3.33±0.77 kinds of IOP-lowering eye drops used before surgery, and it was decreased to 1.41±1.44 kinds of eye drops(t=9.86, P&#x003C;0.001)at 3mo after surgery. There was no severe complication observed such as filtering bleb infection and endophthalmitis.CONCLUSION: Trabeculectomy at the inferior limbus offers the opportunity for patients with uncontrolled IOP after failed glaucoma filtration, and it can still be used as a safe and effective treatment for patients, although it is relatively difficult to operate.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939914

ABSTRACT

Impaired immunomodulatory capacity and oxidative stress are the key factors limiting the effectiveness of mesenchymal stem cell transplantation therapy. The present study was aimed to investigate the effects of jujuboside A (JuA) on the protective effect and immunomodulatory capacity of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs). Hydrogen peroxide was used to establish an oxidative damage model of hUC-MSCs, while PBMCs isolated from rats were used to evaluate the effect of JuA pre-treatment on the immunomodulatory capacity of hUC-MSCs. Furthermore, Hoechst 33258 staining, lactate dehydrogenase test, measurement of malondialdehyde, Western blot, high-performance liquid chromatography; and flow cytometry were performed. Our results indicated that JuA (25 μmol·L-1) promoted the proliferation of hUC-MSCs, but did not affect the differentiating capability of these cells. JuA pre-treatment inhibited apoptosis, prevented oxidative damage, and up-regulated the protein expression of nuclear factor-erythroid factor 2-related factor 2 and heme oxygenase 1 in hUC-MSCs in which oxidative stress was induced with H2O2. In addition, JuA pre-treatment enhanced the inhibitory effect of hUC-MSCs against abnormally activated PBMCs, which was related to stimulation of the expression and activity of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase. In conclusion, our results demonstrate that JuA pre-treatment can enhance the survival and immunomodulatory ability through pathways related to oxidative stress, providing a new option for the improvement of hUC-MSCs in the clinical setting.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Differentiation , Humans , Hydrogen Peroxide/metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Oxidative Stress , Rats , Saponins , Umbilical Cord/metabolism
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936101

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the functional outcomes and postoperative complications of Cheng's GIRAFFE reconstruction after proximal gastrectomy. Methods: A descriptive case series study was conducted. Clinical data of 100 patients with adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction who underwent Cheng's GIRAFFE reconstruction after proximal gastrectomy in Cancer Hospital of University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (64 cases), Zhejiang Provincial Hospital of Chinese Medicine (24 cases), Lishui Central Hospital (10 cases), Huzhou Central Hospital (1 case) and Ningbo Lihuili Hospital (1 case) from September 2017 to June 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Of 100 patients, 64 were males and 36 were females; the mean age was (61.3 ± 11.1) years and the BMI was (22.7±11.1) kg/m(2). For TNM stage, 68 patients were stage IA, 24 were stage IIA and 8 were stage IIB. Postoperative functional results and postoperative complications of radical gastrectomy with Giraffe reconstruction were analyzed and summarized. Gastroesophageal reflux disease questionnaire (RDQ) score and postoperative endoscopy were used to evaluate the occurrence of reflux esophagitis and its grade (grade N, grade A, grade B, grade C, and grade D from mild to severe reflux). The continuous data conforming to normal distribution were expressed as (mean ± standard deviation), and those with skewed distribution were presented as median (Q1, Q3). Results: All the 100 patients successfully completed R0 resection, including 77 patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery and 23 patients undergoing laparotomy. The Giraffe anastomosis time was (38.6±14.0) min; the blood loss was (73.0±18.4) ml; the postoperative hospital stay was 9.5 (8.2, 13.0) d; the hospitalization cost was (6.0±0.3) ten thousand yuan. Fourteen cases developed perioperative complications (14.0%), including 7 cases of pleural effusion or pneumonia, 3 cases of anastomotic leakage, 2 cases of gastric emptying disorder, 1 case of gastrointestinal hemorrhage and 1 case of anastomotic stenosis, who were all improved and discharged after symptomatic management. Patients were followed up for (33.3±1.6) months. Eight patients were found to have reflux symptoms by RDQ scale six months after surgery, and 11 patients (11/100,11.0%) were found to have reflux esophagitis by gastroscopy, including 6 in grade A, 3 in grade B, and 2 in grade C. All the patients could control their reflux symptoms with behavioral guidance or oral PPIs. Conclusion: Cheng's GIRAFFE reconstruction has good anti-reflux efficacy and gastric emptying function; it can be one of the choices of reconstruction methods after proximal gastrectomy.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Aged , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Esophagitis, Peptic/etiology , Esophagogastric Junction/surgery , Female , Gastrectomy/methods , Gastroesophageal Reflux/etiology , Humans , Laparoscopy , Male , Middle Aged , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Recovery of Function , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936093

ABSTRACT

In the surgical treatment of adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (AEG), the scope of lymph node dissection, surgical approach selection, extent of tumor resection and digestive tract reconstruction have always been controversial, with the digestive tract reconstruction in AEG facing many challenges especially. The digestive tract reconstruction is related to the extent of resection. At present, the digestive tract reconstruction after total gastrectomy includes Roux-en-Y anastomosis, jejunum interposition and its derivatives. According to different reconstruction methods, they can be divided into tube anastomosis, linear anastomosis and manual anastomosis. Anti-reflux digestive tract reconstruction after proximal gastrectomy mainly includes esophagogastric anastomosis, interposition jejunum and double channel anastomosis. At present, double channel anastomosis is the most common reconstruction method in China. Based on the concept of interposition tubular stomach and reconstruction of gastric angle for anti-reflux, we propose "Giraffe" anastomosis, which moves artificial fundus and His angle downward to retain more residual stomach, showing good gastric emptying and anti-reflux effect. In this paper, combined with our clinical experience and understanding, we discuss the selection and technical key points of digestive tract reconstruction methods in AEG, and suggest that composite anti-reflux mechanism design may be the development trend of anti-reflux reconstruction in the future. The composite mechanism includes the retention of gastric electrical pacemaker in greater curvature of the middle part of gastric body to increase the emptying capacity of residual stomach, the reconstruction of gastric fundus and His angle anti-reflux barrier, and the establishment of an interposition tubular stomach acting as a buffer zone in Giraffe construction, and so on.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Anastomosis, Roux-en-Y , Esophagogastric Junction/surgery , Gastrectomy , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935735

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the effects of vibration on the expression of mitochondrial fusion and fission genes and ultrastructure of skeletal muscle in rabbits. Methods: Thirty-two 3.5-month-old New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into low-intensity group, medium-intensity group, high-intensity group and control group, with 8 rabbits in each group. The rabbits in the experimental group were subjected to hind limb vibration load test for 45 days. The vibration intensity of the high intensity group was 12.26 m/s(2), the medium intensity group was 6.13 m/s(2), and the low intensity group was 3.02 m/s(2) according to the effective value of weighted acceleration[a(hw (4))] for 4 hours of equal energy frequency. The control group was exposed to noise only in the same experimental environment as the medium-intensity group. The noise levels of each group were measured during the vibration load experiment. After the test, the mRNA expression of mitochondrial fusion gene (Mfn1/Mfn2) and fission gene (Fis1, Drp1) by RT-PCR in the skeletal muscles were measured and the ultrastructure of the skeletal muscles were observed in high intensity group. Results: The mRNA expression of mitochondrial in the skeletal muscle tissues of control group, low intensity group, medium intensity group and high intensity group were Mfn1: 3.25±1.36, 3.85±1.90, 4.53±2.31 and 11.63±7.68; Mfn2: 0.68±0.25, 1.02±0.40, 0.94±0.33 and 1.40±0.45; Fis1: 1.05±0.62, 1.15±0.59, 1.53±1.06 and 2.46±1.51 and Drp1: 3.72±1.76, 2.91±1.63, 3.27±2.01 and 4.21±2.46, respectively. Compared with the control group, the expressions of Mfn1 mRNA, Mfn2 mRNA and Fis1 mRNA in the high-intensity group increased significantly (P<0.05) , and the expressions of Mfn2 mRNA in the medium-intensity group and the low-intensity group increased significantly (P<0.05) . Compared with the control group, the ultrastructure of skeletal muscle of high intensity group showed mitochondrial focal accumulation, cristae membrane damage, vacuole-like changes; Z-line irregularity of muscle fibers, and deficiency of sarcomere. Conclusion: Vibration must be lead to the abnormal mitochondrial morphology and structure and the disorder of energy metabolism due to the expression imbalance of mitochondrial fusion and fission genes in skeletal muscles of rabbits, which may be an important target of vibration-induced skeletal muscle injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Hindlimb/metabolism , Mitochondria/metabolism , Mitochondrial Dynamics , Mitochondrial Proteins/pharmacology , Muscle, Skeletal , Rabbits , Vibration/adverse effects
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935267

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the Staphylococcal enterotoxins, Staphylococcal enterotoxin genes, drug resistance and molecular typing of 41 Staphylococcus aureus isolates from 2 food-borne illness outbreaks on 21 August and 27 September 2020 in Guangzhou. Methods: A total of 41 Staphylococcus aureus isolates from 2 outbreaks were analyzed by multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and spa typing. The Staphylococcal enterotoxins typing and the Staphylococcal enterotoxin genes of the isolates were analyzed by ELISA and PCR, respectively. The antimicrobial susceptibility of the isolates was performed by disc diffusion. 21 Staphylococcus aureus isolates were characterized using whole genome sequencing (WGS). Based on the whole genome single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), the phylogenetic tree was constructed by Snippy. Results: 41 Staphylococcus aureus isolates were divided into 2 types by MLST and spa typing: ST6-t701 and ST7-t091. 2 ST7-t091 isolates were identified as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). 25 ST7-t091 isolates and 14 ST6-t701 isolates were methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA), and were resistant to 7 and 6 antibiotics, respectively. All isolates were positive for sea by PCR. WGS revealed all 21 isolates carried scn, sak, sea, hla, hld, hlgA, hlgB, hlgC, lukD virulence genes. The results showed the isolates contained an immune evasion cluster type D which located in bacteriophage ϕSa3. The SNP phylogenetic tree showed 2 MRSA ST7-t091 were constituted a separate clade from the 12 MSSA ST7-t091 isolates and 7 ST6-t701 isolates showed high similarity to each other. Conclusion: Base on the results of phylogenetic analysis, the 2 food-borne illness outbreaks occurred on 21 August and 27 September 2020 are caused by the combination of the MRSA ST7-t091 strain and the MSSA ST7-t091 strain, and the MSSA ST6-t701 strain, respectively. All isolates have high level of antibiotic resistance and carry high virulent genes.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Disease Outbreaks , Foodborne Diseases/epidemiology , Humans , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus/genetics , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Multilocus Sequence Typing/methods , Phylogeny , Staphylococcal Infections/epidemiology , Staphylococcus aureus/genetics
16.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 490-496, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933814

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics, genetic characteristics and diagnosis of spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2) patients with childhood onset.Methods:The clinical data of a SCA2 pedigree who diagnosed at Neurogenetic Metabolic Disease Clinic of Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University in July 2019 were collected, and the reported cases of childhood-onset SCA2 were reviewed. The CAG repeat of ATXN2 gene was detected by polymerase chain reaction, capillary gel electrophoresis and Sanger sequencing techniques.Results:A total of 9 people in 4 generations of the family were affected, showing an autosomal dominant inheritance. The proband was a 3 years and 4 months old boy, who showed abnormal symptoms at 9 months which manifested as developmental retardation. At 1 year old, he developed progressive regression which represented neither to be amused, recognize others, stand and walk alone, nor had language development. Meanwhile, he had difficulty swallowing, long-term constipation, and a history of convulsions. His sister and mother were not yet sick. His grandmother could not walk, had slurred speech accompanied by nystagmus, and magnetic resonance imaging showed cerebellar atrophy. His granduncles and grandaunts had unstable walking and dysarthria. His great-grandfather required wheelchair to walk. This pedigree showed an autosomal dominant inheritance. One of the ATXN2 gene alleles of the proband, his sister, mother and grandmother all showed abnormal amplification with 99, 55, 44, and 43 times respectively and no inserting CAA sequence. A total of 14 literatures reported 20 cases of childhood-onset SCA2 patients who were genetically diagnosed. The majorities had onset in infancy, and few can develop into school age. The main clinical manifestations were developmental delay, dystonia or insufficiency, myoclonus or infantile spasms, motor retardation, abnormal eye movement, retinitis pigmentosa and dysphagia, while the classic cerebellar syndrome was only partially present. Abnormal rhythm was found on electroencephalogram, cerebellar atrophy on magnetic resonance imaging or CT of the head.Conclusions:This case is the youngest genetically-confirmed SCA2 patient reported in China. Reported patients usually have onset in infancy with excessive repeat sequence expansion. Their clinical characteristics are different from the classic patients and could only be diagnosed by dynamic mutation detection.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933657

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the diagnosis and treatment of transplanted renal artery stenosis(TRAS)in children.Methods:From January 2016 to August 2021, clinical data of 7 TRAS patients were collected.A definite diagnosis was confirmed by Doppler ultrasound and computed tomography angiography.Results:Patient age was significantly higher than donor age(11.9±3.7 vs 1.0±0.5 years, P<0.001); 5 patients had a widened diameter at stenotic grafted renal artery after intervention(1.98±0.47 vs 4.64±1.19 mm, P=0.002). A reduction in peak systolic flow velocity in stenotic segment of artery(463.3±90.6 vs 183.6±58.9 cm/s, P<0.001)and lower systolic blood pressure(137.2±15.5 vs 129.7±12.3 mmHg, P=0.029)were observed.Resistance index rose(0.38±0.22 vs 0.60±0.03, P=0.063). Significant difference of estimated glomerular filtration rate was observed at Week 4 post-operation as compared with pre-intervention.Two patients developed complications after intervention, including perirenal hematoma and stent-attached thrombus.Two patients were treated conservatively with a gradual increase in blood pressure and three antihypertensive drugs prescribed. Conclusions:Doppler ultrasound should be performed regularly after renal transplantation for detecting TRAS at an early stage in children.Interventional treatment is ideal for severe TRAS to improve perfusion and renal function.Clinicians should pay more attention to complications.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932287

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the mid-term clinical outcomes of selective column arthrodesis based on the three-column theory in the treatment of malunion of Lisfranc injury.Methods:The 28 patients with malunion of Lisfranc injury were analyzed retrospectively who had been treated by selective column arthrodesis at Department of Orthopedic Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine from January 2011 to January 2020.They were 18 males and 10 females, with an average age of 37.2 years(from 18 to 65 years). Twelve left and 16 right sides were affected. According to Myerson's three-column classification, one case was medial column injury (type A), 4 ones middle column injury (type B), 7 ones medial plus middle columns injury and 16 ones three-column injury. Medial column arthrodesis was conducted in 7, middle column arthrodesis in 4 and medial plus middle columns arthrodesis in 17. The American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) midfoot score and visual analogue scale (VAS) were compared between preoperation and the last follow-up to evaluate the improvements in foot function and pain. The operation-related complications were recorded.Results:All patients were followed up for an average of 35.6 months (from 18 to 60 months). The AOFAS midfoot score increased from 43.1±4.1 at pre-operation to 84.1± 7.4 at the last follow-up and the VAS score decreased from 5.7±1.3 at pre-operation to 2.0±0.9 at the last follow-up (both P<0.001). The wounds healed in 28 patients, 3 of whom had postoperative wound exudation but responded to dressing change. There were no such complications as injury to the deep peroneal nerve or deep venous thrombosis. The internal fixation was removed in 5 patients at about one year after arthrodesis. Conclusion:Selective column arthrodesis based on the three-column theory can result in satisfactory med-term clinical outcomes in the treatment of malunion of Lisfranc injury.

19.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 270-276, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931534

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the molecular mechanism of excessive iodine induced experimental autoimmune thyroiditis (EAT) in mice.Methods:Sixty female non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice were selected and divided into 5 groups according to body weight [(25 ± 3) g] via the random number table method, with 12 mice in each group: control group (group A), 10-fold high iodine group (group B), 100-fold high iodine group (group C), 1 000-fold high iodine group (group D) and 1 000-fold high iodine combined with polyinosinic acid-polycytidylic acid [Poly (I:C)] group (group E). The experiment period was 16 weeks. Mice in each group drank purified water with sodium iodine (NaI) content of 0.000, 0.005, 0.050, 0.500 and 0.500 mg/L, respectively; mice in group E were intraperitoneally injected with Poly (I:C) at week 7 and week 15, respectively. At the end of the 16th week, mice were dissected and blood samples and thyroid tissue were taken. The levels of serum thyroid function indexes [thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), free triiodothyronine (FT 3), free thyroxine (FT 4), and thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb)] were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA); the pathological changes of thyroid tissue were observed after hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining; differentially expressed genes in thyroid tissue were detected by RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq), and analyzed by KEGG pathway; mRNA and protein levels of p38, intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and chemokine 10 (CXCL10) in thyroid tissue were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (qPCR) and Western blotting, respectively. Results:There were statistically significant differences in serum levels of TSH (ng/ml: 6.53 ± 0.86, 6.61 ± 0.82, 7.68 ± 0.55, 7.93 ± 0.60, 8.73 ± 1.60), FT 3 (pg/ml: 59.35 ± 10.16, 53.73 ± 10.96, 46.19 ± 8.03, 41.01 ± 8.67, 34.21 ± 11.75), FT 4 (pg/ml: 136.74 ± 10.06, 124.33 ± 14.34, 101.80 ± 6.78, 91.37 ± 6.75, 73.29 ± 17.31), and TPOAb (U/ml: 130.81 ± 24.53, 145.47 ± 28.89, 166.52 ± 41.59, 199.78 ± 42.19, 201.99 ± 44.03) among the 5 groups of mice ( F = 4.77, 4.96, 23.12, 3.68, P < 0.05). Compared with group A, the serum TSH levels of mice in groups C, D and E were higher, the levels of FT 3 and FT 4 in groups B, C, D and E were lower, and the levels of TPOAb in groups D and E were higher, and the differences were statistically significant ( P < 0.05). HE staining showed that the thyroid follicle lesion in groups D and E was serious, and the EAT phenotype appeared in both groups. The differentially expressed genes were analyzed by KEGG pathway. Compared with group A, 8 metabolic pathways related to thyroid autoimmunity and inflammation were found in groups B, C, D and E. Further analysis found that 3 genes appeared in multiple pathways, namely p38, ICAM-1 and CXCL10. There were significant differences in the mRNA levels of p38, ICAM-1 and CXCL10 in thyroid tissue of the 5 groups of mice ( F = 14.77, 12.76, 16.39, P < 0.05); compared with group A, the mRNA levels of p38 in groups B, C, D and E were higher, and the mRNA levels of ICAM-1 and CXCL10 in groups C, D and E were higher ( P < 0.05). There were significant differences in the protein levels of p38, ICAM-1 and CXCL10 in thyroid tissue of the 5 groups of mice ( F = 7.97, 73.86, 18.02, P < 0.05); compared with group A, the protein levels of ICAM-1 and CXCL10 in groups B, C, D and E were higher ( P < 0.05). Conclusion:Excessive iodine promotes the occurrence and development of EAT in mice by up-regulating the expressions of p38 and ICAM-1 genes that are closely related to thyroid autoimmune and inflammatory responses.

20.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 164-166, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931514

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the water fluoride detection ability of county (city, district) level (referred to as the county-level) laboratories in Qinghai Province.Methods:During the "13th Five-Year Plan" period (2016 - 2020), 4, 4, 4, 43, 43 county-level laboratories in Qinghai Province were organized to participate in the national water fluoride external quality control assessment, and the assessment results were evaluated by Z-ratio scoring method.Results:The response rate of county-level laboratories was 86.05% (37/43) in 2019, and 100.00% in other years. The qualified rate of county-level laboratories was 100.00% from 2016 to 2018; in 2019 and 2020, the assessment was fully covered, and the qualified rate was 81.40% (35/43) and 95.35% (41/43), respectively. Compared with 2019, the response rate and qualified rate in 2020 increased significantly, and the differences were statistically significant (χ 2 = 6.450, 4.074, P < 0.05). In the past 5 years, two assessment samples│Z│ < 1 in each laboratory were the most common, but with two assessment samples 2≤│Z│ < 3 in some qualified laboratories. Conclusion:The consistency of water fluoride determination in Qinghai Province is not very ideal, and the detection ability of county-level laboratories still needs to be strengthened.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL