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1.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 7-11, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965173

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the relationship between dietary and lifestyle inflammatory scores and metabolic syndrome, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, tumor and other common metabolic diseases, and to explore the impact of dietary and lifestyle inflammatory potential on metabolic diseases, so as to provide new ideas for the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of metabolic diseases. Methods Databases such as CNKI, Wanfang , and PubMed were searched, and literatures related to the dietary and lifestyle inflammatory scores (DLIS) and metabolic diseases were reviewed . Results Seven articles showed that dietary and lifestyle inflammation scores had a positive correlation with metabolic diseases, and two articles showed that only lifestyle inflammatory scores had a positive correlation with metabolic diseases. Conclusion Dietary and lifestyle inflammatory scores may be positively correlated with metabolic diseases, but some results are still controversial. Further studies are needed to prove the correlation between DLIS and metabolic diseases.

2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1430-1438, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980942

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#This study aimed to develop a comprehensive instrument for evaluating and ranking clinical practice guidelines, named Scientific, Transparent and Applicable Rankings tool (STAR), and test its reliability, validity, and usability.@*METHODS@#This study set up a multidisciplinary working group including guideline methodologists, statisticians, journal editors, clinicians, and other experts. Scoping review, Delphi methods, and hierarchical analysis were used to develop the STAR tool. We evaluated the instrument's intrinsic and interrater reliability, content and criterion validity, and usability.@*RESULTS@#STAR contained 39 items grouped into 11 domains. The mean intrinsic reliability of the domains, indicated by Cronbach's α coefficient, was 0.588 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.414, 0.762). Interrater reliability as assessed with Cohen's kappa coefficient was 0.774 (95% CI: 0.740, 0.807) for methodological evaluators and 0.618 (95% CI: 0.587, 0.648) for clinical evaluators. The overall content validity index was 0.905. Pearson's r correlation for criterion validity was 0.885 (95% CI: 0.804, 0.932). The mean usability score of the items was 4.6 and the median time spent to evaluate each guideline was 20 min.@*CONCLUSION@#The instrument performed well in terms of reliability, validity, and efficiency, and can be used for comprehensively evaluating and ranking guidelines.


Subject(s)
Humans , Reproducibility of Results , Surveys and Questionnaires , Practice Guidelines as Topic
3.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 114-118, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979175

ABSTRACT

Globally, gynecological malignancies are common types of female cancer and the main cause of cancer death among women. Cervical cancer, endometrial cancer and ovarian cancer, which are the main types of gynecological cancers, pose a significant threat to women's health worldwide. Studies have shown that diet plays an important role in the occurrence and development of gynecological cancers such as cervical cancer, endometrial cancer, and ovarian cancer, for which added sugar may be an influencing factor due to its food source characteristic and related biological effect. However, this paper reviewed the research progress on the relationship between consumption of added sugar and gynecological cancers such as endometrial cancer, ovarian cancer and cervical cancer, with a view to providing a reference for the active prevention of gynecological cancer.

4.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 717-720, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985867

ABSTRACT

Ovarian cancer is characterized by insidious onset and poor prognosis, and among gynecological malignancies, its mortality rate ranks first, which poses a serious threat to women's health worldwide. In recent years, increasing evidence has suggested that modifiable lifestyle factors, particularly dietary factors, played important roles in the prognosis of ovarian cancer. As important nutrients, dietary fats and fatty acids can affect various vital physiological functions in human beings. However, the association of dietary fat and fatty acid intake with the prognosis of ovarian cancer remains unclear. Therefore, this review aims to analyze the existing epidemiological evidence between the two variables by searching the literature to provide dietary suggestions for ovarian cancer patients.

5.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 1-5, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924009

ABSTRACT

At present, the incidence and mortality of cancers are increasing year by year, which has become a major global public health problem and the main cause of death of global population. In recent years, studies have shown that branched-chain amino acids levels play an important part in the incidence and prognosis of some malignant tumors, such as colorectal cancer, pancreatic cancer, liver cancer, breast cancer and so on. Therefore, this article summarizes the studies on the relationship between the level of branched-chain amino acids and cancers, providing clues for further exploration of the correlation between the two.

6.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 804-808, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988452

ABSTRACT

Ovarian cancer, one of the gynecological malignancies, poses a serious threat to women's health. The machine learning combines statistics and computer science. Researchers apply the machine learning to the clinical diagnosis and prognosis research of ovarian cancer. This article reviews the applications of machine learning in ovarian cancers. The results show that the predictive ability of machine learning models is better than traditional statistical models, but further test and verification are needed in prospective large-scale studies.

7.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 293-298, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988366

ABSTRACT

The incidence rate of ovarian cancer ranks the third among female malignant tumors, the mortality rate ranks the first and the prognosis is poor. Ovarian cancer poses a serious threat to the health of women's lives. The incidence of ovarian cancer is related to heredity, endocrine disorders and adverse lifestyle factors. In recent years, some scholars have carried out the impact of lifestyle, especially shift work, on the occurrence and development of ovarian cancer. Shift work can lead to circadian disruption, which affects hormonal balance in the body and may be a risk factor for ovarian cancer. This review summarizes four cohort studies and two case-control studies on the relation between shift work and ovarian cancer. The conclusion of the studies is inconsistent, suggesting that further researches are needed.

8.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 121-125, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876497

ABSTRACT

In China, the aging of the population is becoming increasingly serious. Common diseases of the elderly, such as sarcopenia and metabolic syndrome, have gradually become key factors affecting their quality of life. Sarcopenia is a decline in skeletal muscle mass and function associated with aging. Metabolic diseases such as obesity, hypertension and diabetes play an important role in the development of sarcopenia. In recent years, the relationship between sarcopenia and metabolic syndrome has also become a research hotspot, but there is still a lack of strong evidence on whether they are a risk factor for each other. This paper summarizes the epidemiological data of the relationship between sarcopenia and metabolic syndrome in the last 5 years, and reviews the epidemiological background, research status and potential links in biological mechanism of sarcopenia and metabolic syndrome. There is a significant correlation between sarcopenia and metabolic syndrome that may share similar biological mechanisms. However, there are still some limitations in this study. In addition, the methods of early screening and diagnosis of sarcopenia should be continuously explored to achieve the purpose of simplicity, rapidity and efficiency. This review aims to raise the population's awareness of chronic syndromes sarcopenia and metabolic syndrome, and to provide theoretical support for further research on their relevance.

9.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 100-104, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862740

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the epidemiological evidence on the relationship between ultra-processed foods intake and metabolic syndrome. Methods CNKI, Wanfang database, PubMed and Web of Science Core Collection database were searched to obtain literature, as of June 10, 2020, about ultra-processed foods intake and metabolic syndrome. The relevant literature was reviewed and analyzed. Results A total of 4 epidemiological studies about the relationship between ultra-processed foods intake and metabolic syndrome were found, of which three studies suggested a positive correlation, and one study suggested no correlation. Conclusion There may be a positive correlation between ultra-processed foods intake and metabolic syndrome, but the research results available are still controversial. Further research is needed to explore the relationship between ultra-processed foods intake and metabolic syndrome.

10.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 30-34, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881860

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the persistent damage of learning and memory ability after the cessation of sub-chronic manganese(Mn)-exposure in rats. METHODS: Specific pathogen free weaning male SD rats were randomly divided into control group and low-, medium-and high-dose groups based on body weight, with 6 rats in each group. Rats were intraperitoneally injected with Mn chloride(MnCl_2·4 H_2O) at the concentrations of 0, 5, 10, or 20 mg/kg body weight, 5 days per week for 6 weeks and continued to be observed for 12 weeks after the cessation of Mn-exposure. During the experiment, the body mass of the rats was weighed. Learning and memory ability was evaluated by a Morris water-maze task at the 6 th weeks of Mn-exposure(cessation of Mn-exposure of week 0), the 6 th and 12 th week of the cessation of Mn-exposure. The organ coefficients of heart, liver, spleen, kidney and testicles were evaluated after the cessation of Mn-exposure on week 12. RESULTS: The body mass of the high-dose group was lower than that of the other 3 groups(P<0.05) at the 4 th and 6 th week of Mn-exposure and the 2 nd week of the cessation of Mn-exposure. There was no significant difference in body mass between the groups(P>0.05) on the 12 th week of the cessation of Mn-exposure. The escape latency of high-dose group was higher than that of the control group(P<0.05), and the number of platform crossings in the low-, medium-and high-dose groups were fewer than that in the control group(P<0.05) after the cessation of Mn-exposure. The escape latency was shorter and the numbers of platform crossings were higher on the 6 th and 12 th week of the cessation of Mn-exposure(P<0.05) when compared with that of the 6 th week of Mn-exposure rats. There was no statistical significance in the organ coefficients of heart, liver, spleen, kidney and testicles among the 4 groups at the 12 th week of the cessation of Mn-exposure in rats(P>0.05).CONCLUSION: Sub-chronic Mn exposure can impair learning and memory ability of rats, and the damage persists after the cessation of Mn-exposure.

11.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 110-113, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862529

ABSTRACT

The incidence of cervical cancer remains high globally, especially in developing countries, which poses a serious threat to women's life and health. How to reduce the risk of cervical cancer has become the focus of the efforts of researchers in this field. Dietary patterns are analyzed based on the overall dietary status, and at the same time the interaction between nutrients and food is taken into consideration. Accumulating evidence suggests that dietary patterns play an important role in the prevention of cervical cancer. This review summarizes the relationship between different dietary patterns and the incidence of cervical cancer, and aims to provide a basis for more in-depth research in the future.

12.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 105-109, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862528

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Ovarian cancer is a gynecological malignant tumor with the highest fatality rate. It is characterized by concealed onset and poor prognosis. Recent studies have found that carbohydrate intake, food glycemic index and food glycemic load are closely related to the incidence of ovarian cancer. In this article, we summarize the current progress of the above-mentioned research and provide references for the prevention and future research of ovarian cancer.

13.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 109-113, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837495

ABSTRACT

Hyperuricemia is a chronic disease caused by the imbalance of uric acid synthesis and excretion, which is influenced by both environmental and genetic factors. The results of genome-wide association analysis related to hyperuricemia in different regions during the past decade have shown that genes related to hyperuricemia may be region- specific. This article summarizes the genes detected by GWAS, and describes some of the involved molecular mechanisms. The genes related to hyperuricemia shared by people in Europe, Asia, Africa and South America, and genes related to hyperuricemia unique to Asian populations are reviewed in this article. In addition, some of the genes’ functions are discussed to enhance the understanding of the pathogenesis of hyperuricemia.

14.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 117-121, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823146

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between exposure to air pollutants and chronic kidney disease. Methods We searched and screened the literature on air pollutant exposure and CKD, using Pubmed, Medline, Embase, and Cochrane databases from inception to May 1, 2020. Chronic exposure to air pollutants and risk of chronic kidney disease were estimated. Results Air pollutants can cause kidney damage to varying degrees, and PM2.5 and PM10 can increase the risk of chronic kidney disease. CO, NO2(NOX) and SO2 may increase the risk of chronic kidney disease. Conclusions Exposure to air pollutants, especially particulate matter( PM2.5 and PM10) ,is associated with an increased risk of chronic kidney disease.

15.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 100-104, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820948

ABSTRACT

Ovarian cancer is one of the most serious gynecological tumors in the world, and its mortality ranks first in gynecological malignancies. The study found that metformin is not only used as a first-line oral hypoglycemic agent for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, but also has a certain inhibitory effect on the occurrence and development of ovarian cancer. In recent years, domestic and foreign scholars have carried out experimental and epidemiological studies on the relationship between metformin and ovarian cancer. This review included 7 cohorts and 2 case-control studies on the incidence and prognosis of metformin and ovarian cancer. The results suggest that the use of metformin may improve the prognosis of ovarian cancer, however, due to the limited epidemiological studies of the disease, its relationship with ovarian cancer still needs further exploration.

16.
Chinese Journal of Health Policy ; (12): 34-38, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612667

ABSTRACT

This paper analyzes the document contents of targeted admission medical students in 16 provinces of China in 2016.Through analyses of the characteristics of the program, this study found that, 1) the number of admissions is determined by the national level and issued to the provincial level, where rural students are the main source of students, undergraduate program is the main enrollment category, and clinical medicine and traditional Chinese medicine are the main majors of admission;2) the number of admissions and the actual demand of health professionals of primary health care institutions do not match, the incubation period is too long, there is a shortage of targeted training model, contract signing is difficult to implement, and other problems.Therefore, in accordance with the problems, this paper suggests that, 1) the government should increase the number of admissions to match with the demands;2) a three-year bachelor's degree should be set up in order to shorten the incubation period;3) the training model of targeted admission medical students should be changed;and 4) various powerful measures should be carried out to attract and keep excellent health care professionals.

17.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 342-345, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-497790

ABSTRACT

Objective To search and evaluate the quality of reports of clinical trial studies published in Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine according to CONSORT statement.Methods We collected all articles published in Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine from January 1,2011 to November 31,2015 through searching the WanFang Database,then evaluated and analyzed clinical trial studies.Results Among all 1317 articles we retrieved,62 (4.7%)of them belong to clinical trial study.According to CONSORT statement,all the articles satisfied items from 1b to 6b (including abstract,introduction,trial design,participants,interventions and outcomes),only 30(48.4%) and 4(6.5%) articles mentioned item 8a (method used to generate the random allocation sequence)and 8b(type of randomization;details of any restriction),respectively.None of the editors reported item 9(mechanism used to implement the random allocation sequence,describing any steps taken to conceal the sequence until interventions were assigned)and 10(who generated the random allocation sequence,who enrolled participants,and who assigned participants to interventions).Among 62 included studies,33(53.2%)studies concentrated on respiratory system diseases.However,studies about nervous system,circulatory system and digestive system were 5(8.1%),4(6.5%)and 4 (6.5%) respectively.Although all the results had statistical significance,only 38(61.3%),7(11.3%) and 5 (8.1%)mentioned randomization,follow-up and blinding respectively.Flow diagram was only included in one (1.6%) article.Conclusion The articles of clinical trial studies published in Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine did not take CONSORT statement as reference completely.

18.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 171-173, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-408598

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The middle-school stage is the key period of personality figuring and taking shape.The mentation in this period is filled with a lot of special psychological contradictions and conflicts. Long-term psychological worry will affect the formation of perfect personality.OBJECTIVE: To understand the psychological health status in the middle-school students of Zhuang nationality and the main factors of influence.DESIGN: Randomized cluster sampling and questionnaire investigation based on middle-school students.SETTING: Department of Preventive Medicine, Youjiang Medical College of Nationalities.PARTICIPANTS: 2 000 middle-school students of 34 classes from 3 middle schools in Baise City and Longlin County were selected to attend the investigation with randomized cluster sampling method in November 2003.METHODS: The psychological health statuses of middle-school students were evaluated with symptom checklist (SCL).The list contained 90 items,including 9 factors of psychological symptom such as somatization,compulsion,sensitivity to human relations,anxiety,depression,hostility,dread,paranoia and psychosis.The grading system from 1 to 5 grades was used and the standard of the adult norm of the whole country was refered to:Factor score<1.8 was normal;Factor score from 1.8 to 2.0 was mild abnormality;Factor score from 2.1 to 3.0 was moderate abnormality;Factor score>3.0 was severe abnormality. Instructive words were unified.The investigative method and behavior were normalized.The questionnaires were filled in without recording the names and taken back from the spot and then compared with the norm of the whole country.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The evaluated result of psychological health in middle-school students.RESULTS: 2 000 questionnaires were provided and 1 855 were valid after return with the effective rate 92.75%. ①The average scores of each factor of SCL were all higher in the middle-school students of Zhuang nationality than in the norm of the whole country. The significance of difference existed(P=0.000).②The scores of somatization,depression,anxiety,dread and psychosis were all higher in the schoolgirls than in the schoolboys.The significance of difference existed (P=0.000).③Except hostility factor,the scores of other factors were higher in the senior middle-school students than in the junior middle-school students.The difference was statistically significant(P=0.000).④The arranged sequences(from bigness to smallness) of each factor that affected psychological health of middle-school students of Zhuang nationality in Baise were depression,somatization,compulsion,anxiety,sensitivity to human relations,psychosis,paranoia,hostility and dread.The sensitivity to human relations ranked 4th and the anxiety ranked 6th in the schoolboys,but the orders of the 2 factors were just the opposite in the schoolgirls and the orders of other factors were the same in both the schoolboys and the schoolgirls.The first 3 factors all were:depression,somatization, compulsion.CONCLUNSION: The psychological health status was lower in the middle-school students of Zhuang nationality than in the norm of the whole country and the first 3 factors that affected their psychological health were:depression,somatization and compulsion. The levels of psychological health on somatization,depression,anxiety,dread and psychosis were lower in the schoolgirls than in the schoolboys. The psychological problems were more serious in the senior middle-school students than in the junior middleschool students. The levels of psychological health in middle-school students of Zhuang nationality were relatively lower and the psychological education and intervention study should be provided aiming at psychological characteristics of different population.

19.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6)1957.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-568732

ABSTRACT

Based on the anatomical study of kidney in mammals of 27 families and 163 species, the authors discovered Anoa depressicornis type kidney, and obtained the evidence of morphological transition between Ox-type kidney and Pig-type kidney. After observing the renal papillary structure of Budorcas taxicolor, the evidence of fact and theoretical bases of the biological view was proved that the general papillae are developed from the multi-papillae kidney. The author advanced a new type of leaf-shaped multipapillae kidney. The authors suggest to classify the mammalian kidneys principally into 2 groups, i. e, simple and composite kidney, and subdivide them into 4 types, i. e, multipapillae and concentrated papillae for simple kidney and leaf-shaped multipapillae and ball-shaped mono-papillae for composite kidney. In contrast to the previous classification, the 2-group 4-type classification recommended here with its solid anatomical foundation is conformable with the viewpoint of biology, and is more practical and integrated.

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