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1.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 193-204, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965032

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the brain mechanism of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on dysfunction after stroke using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). MethodsLiteratures about the functional magnetic resonance imaging study about repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for dysfunction after stroke were retrieved in PubMed, Web of Science, CNKI and Wanfang data from establishment to June 1st, 2021. The quality of the literature was evaluated with Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) scale. Literature screening, and data extraction were performed by two researchers. ResultsA total of 14 randomized controlled trials were finally enrolled. They were of high or very high quality. They mainly involved the therapeutic effect and imaging mechanisms of rTMS on dysfunction after stroke. ConclusionrTMS could change the excitability of the cerebral cortex and the effective connections between brain regions after stroke, promote the reorganization of brain function, and achieve the recovery of post-stroke dysfunction.

2.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1438-1443, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930191

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the feasibility of brain injury after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in rats based on T2WI image texture analysis.Methods:Eighteen SD rats were randomly divided into the sham group ( n=8) and model group ( n=10). The rats in the model group underwent MRI scanning at 6 h after return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), and the rats in the sham group received MRI scanning at 6 h after the operation. The differences in the texture features of T2WI images and the expressions of AQP4 and NSE between the two groups were analyzed. The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was used to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of statistically different texture features between the two groups for brain injury. The associations between texture features and AQP4 and NSE expressions in the sham group and model group were analyzed using Spearman correlation coefficients. Results:The minimum intensity, standard deviation, and inverse difference moment of the whole brain T2WI texture features of the model group were significantly lower than those of the sham group ( P<0.05), while the difference entropy and characteristics of high gray in homogeneity were significantly higher than those of the sham group ( P<0.05). The difference entropy was the best with an area under curve (AUC) of 0.922, a sensitivity of 100% and a specificity of 75%. The AQP4 and NSE expressions in the model group were significantly higher than those in the sham group ( P<0.05). The minimum intensity value was positively correlated with AQP4 and NSE expressions ( r=0.501, 0.568, P=0.048, 0.022). The standard deviation was positively correlated with AQP4 and NSE expressions ( r=0.620, 0.530, P=0.010, 0.035). The difference entropy was negatively correlated with AQP4 expression ( r=-0.535, P=0.033). Conclusions:Texture analysis on T2WI images can evaluate the degree of brain edema and neuronal damage. The minimum intensity, standard deviation, and difference entropy are sensitive indicators to evaluate brain injury after CPR, and difference entropy has the highest sensitivity and specificity.

3.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 594-597, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754016

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical characteristics and early sensitive indicators of severe heat stroke patients in order to predict the development of severe heat stroke in the early stage. Methods Thirty-eight patients with severe heat stroke admitted to emergency department of Beijing Daxing District People's Hospital from July 30th to August 5th in 2018 were enrolled. There were 18 patients suffered from exertional heat stroke (EHS), and 12 patients suffered from classical heat stroke (CHS), and 8 patients with heat spasm and heat exhaustion were selected as control group. The gender, age, onset time, body temperature, heart rate (HR), lactic acid (Lac), platelet (PLT), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alanine aminotransferase (AST), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), serum creatinine (SCr), serum sodium at admission of hospital, as well as positive rate of myoglobin (MYO) and D-dimer (the positive threshold of MYO and D-dimer was 107 μg/L and 600 μg/L respectively) were recorded and compared among the groups. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted to analyze the prognostic value of MYO and D-dimer on heat stroke. The outcome of all patients was followed up, and the 28-day mortality between EHS and CHS patients was compared. The patient's body temperature was measured again after 4 hours of active cooling treatment (T4 h), and the relationship between T4 h and 28-day mortality was discussed. Results The majority of severe heat stroke patients were male, especially in EHS patients. EHS patients were younger than CHS ones, and had shorter onset time, with significant differences among the groups. The body temperature and HR at admission in the EHS group and the CHS group were significantly higher than those in the control group [body temperature (℃): 41.34±0.67, 40.39±0.58 vs. 37.80±1.39; HR (bpm): 139.78±15.63, 113.08±17.70 vs. 92.00±15.89, all P < 0.05], PLT was significantly lowered (×109/L: 164.94±73.80, 165.78±53.49 vs. 249.50±84.22, both P < 0.05), and the positive rates of MYO and D-dimer were also significantly increased [MYO positive rate:100.0% (18/18), 100.0% (12/12) vs. 50.0% (4/8); D-dimer positive rate: 77.8% (14/18), 100.0% (12/12) vs. 12.5% (1/8), all P < 0.05]. ROC curve analysis showed that positive MYO and D-dimer at admission had certain diagnostic value for heat stroke, the area under ROC curve (AUC) was 0.750 and 0.871, the sensitivity was 50.0% and 87.5%, and the specificity was 100% and 86.7%, respectively. The 28-day mortality of the EHS group was significantly higher than that of the CHS group [44.4% (8/18) vs. 8.3% (1/12), P < 0.05]. Furthermore, the 28-day mortality of the patients with T4 h ≥ 38 ℃ in the EHS group was significantly higher than those with T4 h < 38 ℃ [70.0% (7/10) vs. 12.5% (1/8), P < 0.05]. Conclusions The decreased PLT and the increased D-dimer in the early stage of heat stroke indicate that the damage of coagulation mechanism is prominent in patients with heat stroke. EHS patients have the characteristics of acute onset, severe condition, rapid progression and poor prognosis, and the 28-day mortality is significantly higher than that of CHS patients. MYO and D-dimer are sensitive indicators in early stage of heat stroke patients, which can be used as reference for early diagnosis of heat stroke.

4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Imaging Technology ; (12): 1061-1065, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616593

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the value of preoperative MRI in predicting the incidence of cement leakage into adjacent discs during percutaneous vertebral augmentation (PVA) for osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF).Methods Clinical and radiological characteristics of 127 patients who were treated with PVA for OVCF were analyzed retrospec tively.The following clinical data of these patients were analyzed,including gender,age,location of treated vertebral body and surgical approach.The image features of endplate injury,fracture line extended to the endplate,adjacent intervertebral dick injury and intravertebral cleft were evaluated on the preoperative MRI.The incidence of cement leakage into the adjacent disc were compared for the above factors with statistical methods.Results Totally 127 patients were enrolled in our study,including 179 treated vertebral bodies,358 endplates and 341 adjacent intervertebral discs.The incidence of intradiscal cement leakage was 57.73% (56/97) in endplate injury sign,60.98% (25/41) in fracture line extended to endplate sign,35.91%(51/142) in adjacent discs injury sign and 55.56%(20/36) inintravertebral cleft sign.The differences were statistically significant on preoperative MRI in patients with the above signs compared to those who had not (P<0.05).The incidence of intradiscal cement leakage in percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) and percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) were 26.67%(16/60) and 42.86%(51/119),respectively,which was significant different (P=0.035).For bone cement volume ≤ 5 ml vertebral bodies,the incidence of intradiscal cement leakage was 31.19 % (34/109),lower than bone cement volume > 5 ml vertebral bodies (47.14% [33/70],P=0.031).There was no statistically significant association between intradiscal cement leakage and age,gender and location of treated vertebral body (P>0.05).Conclusion Preoperative MRI can predict the leakage of bone cement into adjacent discs effectively during PVA.The PKP and the lower volume of bone cement injection can reduce the risk of intradiscal cement leakage.

5.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 711-713, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693394

ABSTRACT

The expressions of related molecular marker and immunohistochemical marker of small cell lung cancer (SCLC) are c1osely related to the occurrence,development,treatment and prognosis of SCLC.Although the mechanisms underlying the effects of these markers on SCLC prognosis are still unclear,further studies of these markers will better guide the clinical treatment of SCLC.

6.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 320-324, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609791

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of high frequency ultrasound in differential diagnosis in dorsal thyroid (including gland dorsal or posterior) nodules.Methods Ultrasonographic features of 101 patients with ultrasonography suspected or misdiagnosed nodules in the dorsal area of the thyroid gland,which were then confirmed by pathology or hyaluronography/gastroscopy,were retrospectively analyzed.Ultrasonographic homogeneity (other nodules with similar ultrasonographic features were found in the ipsilateral gland),parenchyma homology (nodule parenchyma was continuous with glandular parenchyma) and blood homology (blood flow signals in nodules were continuous with those in glandular parenchyma) were applied as indicators for determinng thyroid nodules.Double-line sign or vascular arch sign at the edge of nodules served as an indicator for determining parathyroid nodules.Results Of the 101 cases,there were 46 thyroid nodules,35 parathyroid nodules,7 enlarged lymph nodes;6 esophageal diverticulum,6 esophageal cancer,1 cleft cyst.The determination of thyroid nodules by at least one of ultrasonographic homogeneity,parenchyma homology and blood homology showed sensitivity of 73.5 %,specificity of 96.5 % and accuracy of 85.8%.In the determination of parathyroid nodules by double-line sign or vascular arch sign at the edge of nodules,sensitivity,specificity and accuracy was 54.1%,85.5 % and 74.5 %,respectively.Conclusions Nodules in the dorsal area of the thyroid gland have different sources,and the understanding of corresponding characteristic ultrasonographic appearances is helpful for improving the differential diagnosis of these nodules.

7.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 1076-1080, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508514

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the impact factors of real-time shear wave elastography ( SWE) by using the ultrasound phantoms . Methods The noduled phantoms with different densities and viscosities and background phantoms with three textures ( soft ,medium ,and hard) were prepared by using gelatin as the main ingredient . Nodule phantoms were embedded in background phantom in different depths . The elasticity ( Emax ) was measured by SWE . Factorial designed was used to evaluate the effects of various factors ,including density ,viscosity and depth of nodule phantom and texture of background phantom on Emax of nodule phantom . Binary Logistic regression was used to analysis the effects of various factors , including density ,viscosity ,diameter ,depth of nodule phantom and texture of background phantom on the window phenomenon . Results The density ,viscosity and the Emax of nodule phantoms increased as the gelatin ratio increased . The Emax of nodule phantoms in shallow position ( depth < 3 .0 cm ) were higher than those in deep position ( depth ≥ 3 .0 cm) . In hard-background phantoms ,the Emax of nodule phantoms was maximal ,soft-background phantoms was minimal . Main effects of the density ,viscosity ,depth of nodule phantoms and texture of background phantoms on Emax of nodule phantoms were different ,and all of the factors had interactive effects ( P < 0 .05 ) . The density ,viscosity ,diameter and depth of nodule phantoms were independent risk factors of the windowphenomenon ( P < 0 .05 ) . According to OR ( 23 .846 ,0 .093 ,and 0 .003 ,respectively) ,reduced density and viscosity ,or increased diameter and depth of nodule phantoms ,could increase the incidence of the window phenomenon . Conclusions The density and viscosity of self-making ultrasound phantoms can be easily and flexibly controlled .Density ,viscosity , diameter ,depth of nodule and texture of background are the impact factors of shear wave elastography .

8.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 3259-3262, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481446

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the sedation and analgesia in surface anesthesia in conscious glossopha-ryngeal LMA for the clinical effect of laparoscopic hysterectomy.Methods 90 patients undergoing elective laparo-scopic total hysterectomy were randomly divided into three groups,30 cases in each group.The observation group (group A):sedation,analgesia,full surface anesthesia,control group 1 (B group)control group 2 (group C)were treated with endotracheal intubation under general anesthesia.At intubation and pull tube stage,the patients'reaction, hemodynamic changes,pneumoperitoneum 1 h blood gas and perioperative complications were observed.Results The mean arterial pressure(MAP)and heart rate(HR)of A group were (92.7 ±10.6)mmHg and (82.8 ±12.1)/min. Those of B group were (98.4 ±11.6)mmHg,(89.1 ±11.4)/min,C group were (111.2 ±12.5)mmHg,(104.1 ± 13.2)/min,those in A group and B group were better than C group(A group and C group,t =6.18,6.52,P <0.01;B group and C group,t =4.11,4.71,all P <0.01).The pulse oxygen saturation(SpO2 )and peak airway pressure (Paw)of A group were (99.6 ±0.4)and (17.3 ±2.1)mmHg,those in group B were (99.5 ±0.5)% and (17.6 ± 2.0)mmHg,group C were (99.5 ±0.5)% and (22.5 ±2.8)mmHg.The differences between A group and B group were statistically significant(compared with C group,t =14.3,8.14,all P <0.01;B group and C group,t =12.7, 7.78,all P <0.01).The incidence rates of perioperative complications and adverse reactions of A,B,C groups were 27%,33%,67%,that in C group was significantly higher than A group and B group(χ2 =9.64,6.67,all P <0.01). Conclusion The laryngeal mask airway was used for laparoscopic total hysterectomy under the condition of sedation and analgesia,and it can shorten the time of the whole body,prevent the difficulty of intubation,emergency airway and anesthesia related complications.

9.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 467-470, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-453490

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish osteochondral scaffolds with remained calcified cartilage zone for finding an ideal scaffold for tissue engineered repair of osteochondral defect.Methods Cartilage zone was harvested from fresh adult porcine knee to fabricate type Ⅱ collagen hydrogel.Bone blocks measuring 8 mm in diameter with calcified cartilage zone were prepared by trephine and acellular treatment was performed.Histological staining was used to identify complete removal of cells.To fabricate the osteochondral models containing calcified cartilage zone,type Ⅱ collagen was seeded onto the acellular bone blocks with calcified cartilage zone,lyophilized,and cross-linked with 10 g/L of genipin ethanol solution.Then cell seeding and scanning electron microscope were performed after the models were established.Results HE staining,toluidine blue staining,solid green staining,safranin O staining,and DAPI staining showed cells were completely removed from bone blocks by decellularized process.Porosity of type Ⅱ collagen sponge was (91.1 ±3.8) % and pore size was (79.7 ± 17.1) μm.Porosity of acellular bone blocks was (73.5 ±2.6)% and pore size was (470.2 ± 158.8) μm.Cells seeded onto osteochondral scaffolds grew well by scanning electron microscope.Conclusion Osteochondral scaffolds with calcified cartilage zone provide good biocompatibility and suitable pore size and porosity and may be an ideal material for repairing osteochondral defect in tissue engineering.

10.
Tumor ; (12): 152-155, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-433101

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical value of percutaneous transhepatic cholangial drainage (PTCD) and percutaneous transhepatic cholangial stent(PTCS)implantation therapy for malignant biliary obstruction in the elderly patients.Methods:Fifty three patients over 60 years-old were treated with PTCS implantation (n=35),PTCD for internal-external drainage(n=11),or single external drainage(n=7). The imaging examination was performed for all the patients one week after surgery. The serum levels of total bilirubin (TBIL) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) were detected before and after surgery.Rusults:Metallic stents were successfully implanted in 32 patients during the surgery, and 3 patients were implanted 5 to 7 days later after PTCS. Both total serum levels of TBIL and ALT were significantly decreased at one week after surgery (P<0.05). The mean survival periods were 11.5 months for stent implantation patients and 5.5 months for PTCD patients. Conclusion:PTCD and PTCS are easy to perform and safe and effective in the treatment of malignant biliary obstruction of elderly patients.

11.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 253-257, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-401369

ABSTRACT

Objeetive To evaluate the diagnostic value of axially loaded MR imaging with supine position in patients with degenerative disorders of lumbar spine.Methods Thirty asymptomatic volunteers and 89 patients were examined in psoas-relaxed position(PRP)and axially compressed supine position(ACE)of the lumbar spine.Sixty-one patients with low back pain,19 with sciatica and 9 with neurogenic claudication were included in the symptomatic study group.The disc levels from L3 to S1 were examined.Results In 30 asymptomatie volunteers,a significant decrease in dural sac cross-sectional area(DSCA)was found at 14 disc levels(15.6%)in 10 individuals(33.3%)during ACE(>15 mm2).In 89 patients.a significant decrease in DSCA was found at 55 disc levels(20.6%)in 38 patients(42.7%)during ACE(>15 mm2),and the mean decrease was 28 mm2.During ACE,32 disc levels with an increasing severity of disc herniation were noted in 26 patients.16 disc levels with neural foramen stenosis were found in 12 patients,11 disc levels with ligamentum flavum thickening were observed in 10 patients,3 cases facet dislocation and 3 cases lumbar spondylolisthesis were also seen.In 22 of the 89 patients(24.7%).additional valuable information(AVI)was found during ACE,including 7 patients(7/9)with neurogenic claudication,8 patients(8/19)with sciatica,and 11.5%(7/61)of the patients with low back pain.Conclusion As compared with conventional imaging methods,axially loaded imaging provides AVI,and more occult lesions can be found during ACE.ACE MRI is a valuable tool in diagnosing degenerative disorders of lumbar spine.

12.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 871-876, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-399317

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the correlation between MRI and X-Ray discography findings and pain response at provocative discography in patients with discogenic back pain. Methods Two hundred and fifty-six lumbar intervertebral discs in 93 patients who underwent MRI and X-Ray discography were included in this study. MR images were retrospectively evaluated regarding disc degeneration, endplate abnormalities and high intensity zone. Disc degeneration was graded according to the modified criteria of Pearce, et el. Evaluation of disc morphology was performed with X-Ray discography by using the classification of Adams, et al. Endplates and adjacent bone marrow abnormalities were classified according to Modic,et al. During discography concordant pain was regarded as positive, whereas discordant pain and no pain were regarded as negative. The data were analyzed using the Chi-squnre test. Results There were 116 discs with concordant pain and 140 discs with discordant pain or no pain. Of 256 discs on discography, 17 discs were type Ⅰ17(6.6%),type Ⅱ were 25(9.8%),type Ⅲ were 91(35.5%), type Ⅳ were 77(30.1%) and type Ⅴ were 46(18.0% ). On MR images, discs of grade Ⅰ were 23 (9.0%) ,grade Ⅱ were 34(13.3%), grade Ⅲ were 84(32.8%), grade Ⅳ were 85 (33.2%) and grade Ⅴ were 30(11.7%). There was positive correlation between Pearce graded of MRI and classification of Adams of discography (r=0.62, X2 =160.87,P <0.01).In 123 discs of type Ⅳ to type Ⅴ on discography, 104 discs were with concordant pain. There was positive correlation between type Ⅳ-Ⅴ and concordant pain( r=0.60, X2 = 144.08, P < 0.01). In 115 discs of Ⅳ-Ⅴ grade degeneration, 99 discs presented with concordant pain. There was positive correlation between Ⅳ-Ⅴ grade disc degeneration and concordant作者单位:510120 广州,中山大学附属第二医院放射科 pain(r = 0.59, X2 = 137.11, P <0.01 ). In 60 discs with high intensity zone(HIZ), 52 discs presented with concordant pain. There was positive correlation between HIZ and concordant pain ( r=0.41, X2= 51.93, P <0.01 ). In 58 discs with endplate degeneration, 51 presented with concordant pain. There was positive correlation between Modic degeneration and concordant pain ( r = 0.41, X2= 52.76, P < 0.01 ). Conclusion In patients with chronic low back pain, MR imaging may present moderate to severe disc degeneration, high intensity zone, endplates and adjacent bone marrow abnormalities. MR findings with concordant pain can raise the diagnostic possibility of discogenic lumbar pain. Typical discography findings, fissured or ruptured disc, with concordant pain are important diagnostic evidence for discogenic lumbar pain.

13.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 957-960, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-398958

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the imaging features of hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC)with bile duct tumor thrombi.Methods Thirteen patients with bile duct tumor thrombi proved pathologically underwent imaging examination.MR and CT were performed in 3 cases,and 2 cases had CT only and 8 cases had MRI only.Uhrasonography(US)was performed in all 13 patients.The accuracy of bile duct tumor thrombi detection was compared between US.CT and MRI with Fisher tost.Results Liver tumors and bile duet tumor thrombi were demonstrated in all patients on CT or MRL Presence of intraluminal soft tissue mass was found in four of five cases on CT.and mild enhancement of the intraluminal mass in the arterial phase was noted.dilated bile duct distal to tumor thrombi was detected in all five patients.Eleven Tumor thrombi showed slight low signal intensity on T1 WI,slight high signal intensity on T2 WI,and mild to moderate contrast enhancement on the contrast-enhanced MR images.The MRCP findings of tumor thrombi were as follows:interruption,stricture of the bile ducts or irregular filling defect in the bile ducts with dilated intrahepatic ducts.bile duct was abruptly interrupted or showed a"rat-tail"stricture(n=5);the common bile duct was filled with tumor thrombi.intrahepatic bile duct dilatation and missing common bile duct was noted on MRCP(n=2).Bile duct tumor thrombi were toltecfly diagnosed in 7 cases on US,and 12 cases on CT or MRI.Six cases were misdiagnosed or miss-diagnosed on US,and 4 cases were misdiagnosed on CT or MRI.There was no significant difference between US and CT/MRI in diagnosis of bile duct tumor thrombi(P=0.270).Conclusion CT or MR imaging is useful for the diagnosis of HCC with biliary tumor thrombi and for evaluating the extension of thrombi.

14.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 87-89, 2002.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-354062

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>This work was done to compare the validity of various imaging methods, e.g. ultrasonography (US), computed tomography (CT), endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTC), and, especially, magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) for extrahepatic bile duct carcinoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty-five such patients who were operated and confirmed by pathology were used. Sixty patients had been examined by US; 52 by CT; 20 by ERCP; 9 by PTC and 20 by MRCP. The results of these imaging methods were compared with those of operative and pathological findings.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The diagnostic accuracy rates of site location were US 81.7%, CT 84.6%, ERCP 75.0%, PTC 88.9% and MRCP 100%, respectively. The quality diagnostic accuracy rates were US 73.3%, CT 82.7%, ERCP 75.0%, PTC 88.9% and MRCP 95.0%, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>MRCP is superior to US, CT, ERCP and PTC not only in demonstrating the position but also the nature of extrahepatic bile duct carcinoma.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bile Duct Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Cholangiocarcinoma , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Ultrasonography
15.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12)1999.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-552247

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the diagnos tic value of mammography, color Dopp ler ultrasound and biopsy in early breast cancer and to evaluate its diagnostic accuracy. Methods 55 patients with breast cancer an d 25 patients with benign breast masses, proved pathologically, were checked by mammogra phy, color Doppler ultrasound and biopsy. Results Mammography demonstrated bre ast cancer in 45 cases, the sensitivity and specificity were 82.0% and 88.0%, re spectively, with the accuracy of 83.8%; Color Doppler ultrasound revealed breas t cancer in 43 cases, the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were 78.2%, 84 .0% and 80.0%; Biopsy demonstrated breast cancer in 53 cases, the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were 96.4%, 92.0% and 95.0%. When ultrasound, mammagrap hy and biopsy were combined together, the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were 98.2%, 96.0% and 97.5%. Conclusion Mammography, color Dopp ler ultrasound combined with biopsy can increase the diagnostic sensitivity and accuracy of ear ly breast cancers.

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