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1.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 488-494, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-356677

ABSTRACT

H5 subtype avian influenza (AIV-H5) is a major causative agent of animalloimia a rapid and sensitive molecular biological diagnosis is crucial to the control program of AIV-H5. AIV-H5 real-time fluorescent reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (qRT-LAMP) was established by means of heat treatment of the samples. The sensitivity, specificity and repeatability of this method were assessed and the performance of Calcein,SYBR Green I,HNB,SYTO 81 in colorimetric detection was comparatively analyzed to screen the optimum dye. The results showed the sensitivity of this method was 100 times higher than that of standard real-time fluorescent RT-PCR, and the detection limit was one copy of the gene per reaction. This method had no cross-reactivity with other common avian respiratory tract infectious disease-related pathogens such as IBV and NDV. The present study suggested Calcein was the optimum dye. Small-scale tests suggested this method was reliable for survey monitoring of AIV-H5 on the spot, indicating its potential applications in field investigation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chickens , Hemagglutinin Glycoproteins, Influenza Virus , Genetics , Influenza A Virus, H5N1 Subtype , Genetics , Influenza in Birds , Diagnosis , Virology , Poultry Diseases , Diagnosis , Virology , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods , Sensitivity and Specificity
2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 130-135, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-305214

ABSTRACT

The gene encoding the nucleocapsid (N) protein of vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV-NJ) was subcloned from pMD-VN5, and inserted into pBAD/Thio TOPO vector. The recombinant plasmid was identified by restriction analysis and PCR. It was sequenced to confirm the correct sequences and the correct junctional orientations of the inserted N gene. The results of SDS-PAGE and Western immunoblotting revealed that the N protein was expressed in Escherichia coli LGM194 in a high level and the recombinant fusion protein, which contained a N-terminal HP-Thioredoxin and a C-terminal polyhistidine tag. It had a molecular mass of approximately 63.5 kD and immunologically reactive activity. The recombinant protein was characterized and tested in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) format for potential application in the serodiagnosis of vesicular stomatitis using 186 serum samples from experimentally infected goats and guinea-pigs with VSV-NJ and VSV-IN, and from field origin and reference serum samples. The sensitivity and specificity of the ELISA were compared with those of the standard microtiter serum neutralization (MTSN) tests. The ELISA and MTSN test results were highly correlated for detection of VSV antibodies. The ELISA was as sensitive as the SN assay in detecting positive serum to VSV. The correlation between SN titers and ELISA titers was statistically significant. These data suggest that the recombinant fusion N protein of VSV could be used as a recombinant test antigen for the serodiagnosis of vesicular stomatitis. The ELISA based on the reconmbinant nucleocapsid protein may offer the best combination of rapidity, sensitivity, simplicity, economy, and laboratory biosafety of any of the methods yet developed for VSV serodiagnosis. This study lay on foundation for the development of the diagnosis methods in serology for VSV.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Animals , Cloning, Molecular , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Methods , Molecular Sequence Data , Neutralization Tests , Nucleocapsid Proteins , Chemistry , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Recombinant Proteins , Allergy and Immunology , Serologic Tests , Vesicular stomatitis Indiana virus , Genetics , Vesicular stomatitis New Jersey virus , Genetics
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