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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 38-43, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005211

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study the effects of the Mongolian medicine Sugemule-4 on the metabolism of insomnia rats, and to preliminarily explore its possible mechanisms for improving insomnia. METHODS The rat model of chronic stress insomnia was established by tail clipping stimulation and intraperitoneal injection of p-chlorophenyl alanine solution. Twenty-four male rats were randomly divided into the normal group, model group, diazepam group (positive control, 0.92 mg/kg), and Sugemule-4 group (5.2 g/kg), with 6 rats in each group. Since the 7th day of tail clipping stimulation, the Sugemule-4 group and diazepam group began to be intragastrically administered with relevant medicine; the normal group and model group were intragastrically administered with an equal volume of distilled water, once a day, for 14 consecutive days. The learning and memory abilities of rats were tested using a water maze experiment, and the non-invasive sleep activity monitoring system was used to monitor the 24- hour sleep time of rats. A metabolomics study was conducted on rat serum and hippocampal tissue by using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. The multivariate statistical analysis method was adopted to analyze the differential metabolites in serum and hippocampal tissue of rats, and screen for differential metabolites and metabolic pathways among those groups. RESULTS Compared with the normal group, the escape latency of rats in the model group was significantly increased, the times of crossing platforms were significantly reduced, and the percentage of average 24-hour sleep time was significantly reduced (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the levels of the above indicators were significantly reversed in the diazepam group and Sugemule-4 group (P<0.05). Metabolomics studies found that a total of 9 differential metabolites were identified in rat serum and hippocampal tissue, including 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid, canine urate, canine urinary quinolinic acid, 5-hydroxytryptamine, phenol sulfate, 1-carboxyethyltyrosine, 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl) lactate, N-acetyl tyrosine, tyrosine and phenol sulfate, mainly involving 2 metabolic pathways of tryptophan and tyrosine.CONCLUSIONS Sugemule-4 can improve the sleep time and behavioral performance of insomnia rats, and its mechanism may be associated with affecting amino acid metabolic pathways such as tryptophan and tyrosine.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 621-625, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013148

ABSTRACT

Pharmacotherapy is the primary treatment method for hyperthyroidism. Antithyroid drugs can induce liver injury, and the diagnosis of drug-induced liver injury is mostly exclusive based on medical history collection, clinical symptoms, serum biochemistry, radiological examination, and histology. According to the severity of liver injury, drug-induced liver injury can be classified into mild, moderate, severe, and fatal degrees. Drug withdrawal may not be necessary for patients with mild liver injury, but regular monitoring of liver function is required; in severe cases, patients may develop liver failure, which may lead to a mortality rate, and early identification, timely drug withdrawal, and reasonable pharmacotherapy can help to avoid fatal consequences. The treatment principles of liver injury induced by antithyroid drugs include promoting the recovery of liver injury, preventing the severe exacerbation and chronicity of liver injury, and reducing the risk of death. Standardized medication, timely monitoring, early identification, and early treatment are important measures for the prevention and treatment of liver injury induced by antithyroid drugs.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012303

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics, treatments and fertility recovery of rudimentary horn pregnancy (RHP). Methods: The clinical data of 12 cases with RHP diagnosed and treated in Peking University Third Hospital from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. Clinical informations, diagnosis and treatments of RHP and the pregnancy status after surgery were analyzed. Results: The median age of 12 RHP patients was 29 years (range: 24-37 years). Eight cases of pregnancy in residual horn of uterus occurred in type Ⅰ residual horn of uterus, 4 cases occurred in type Ⅱ residual horn of uterus; among which 5 cases were misdiagnosed by ultrasound before surgery. All patients underwent excision of residual horn of uterus and affected salpingectomy. After surgery, 9 patients expected future pregnancy, and 3 cases of natural pregnancy, 2 cases of successful pregnancy through assisted reproductive technology. Four pregnancies resulted in live birth with cesarean section, and 1 case resulted in spontaneous abortion during the first trimester of pregnancy. No uterine rupture or ectopic pregnancy occurred in subsequent pregnancies. Conclusions: Ultrasonography could aid early diagnosis of RHP while misdiagnosis occurred in certain cases. Thus, a comprehensive judgment and decision ought to be made based on medical history, physical examination and assisted examination. Surgical exploration is necessary for diagnosis and treatment of RHP. For infertile patients, assisted reproductive technology should be applied when necessary. Caution to prevent the occurrence of pregnancy complications such as uterine rupture, and application of cesarean section to terminate pregnancy are recommended.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Humans , Female , Young Adult , Adult , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Pregnancy, Ectopic/surgery , Pregnancy, Cornual/surgery , Uterus/surgery , Uterine Rupture/etiology , Abortion, Spontaneous
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 392-404, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011240

ABSTRACT

Nasal drug delivery efficiency is highly dependent on the position in which the drug is deposited in the nasal cavity. However, no reliable method is currently available to assess its impact on delivery performance. In this study, a biomimetic nasal model based on three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction and three-dimensional printing (3DP) technology was developed for visualizing the deposition of drug powders in the nasal cavity. The results showed significant differences in cavity area and volume and powder distribution in the anterior part of the biomimetic nasal model of Chinese males and females. The nasal cavity model was modified with dimethicone and validated to be suitable for the deposition test. The experimental device produced the most satisfactory results with five spray times. Furthermore, particle sizes and spray angles were found to significantly affect the experimental device's performance and alter drug distribution, respectively. Additionally, mometasone furoate (MF) nasal spray (NS) distribution patterns were investigated in a goat nasal cavity model and three male goat noses, confirming the in vitro and in vivo correlation. In conclusion, the developed human nasal structure biomimetic device has the potential to be a valuable tool for assessing nasal drug delivery system deposition and distribution.

5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1617-1623, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010013

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of miR-22 targeting formin-like protein 2 (FMNL2) on the migration and apoptosis of childhood acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells.@*METHOD@#Peripheral blood samples from 11 children with AML, 10 children with immune thrombocytopenia, human AML cell lines TF-1a, HL-60, THP-1 and human bone marrow stromal cells HS-5 were used as the research objects. UniCel DxH 800 automatic hematology analyzer detected platelet count, hemoglobin, and white blood cell count in peripheral blood samples, and RT-qPCR detected miR-22 expression in peripheral blood samples and AML cells. HL-60 cells were transfected with LipofectamineTM 2000 kit, the experiments were divided into seven groups: blank (no cells transfected), miR-NC, miR-22 mimics, si-NC, si-FMNL2 , miR-22 mimics+OE-NC and miR-22 mimics+OE-FMNL2 . RT-qPCR was used to detect the expression of miR-22 in each group. Transwell was used to detect cell migration. Flow cytometry was used to detect cell apoptosis. Dual-luciferase reporter gene detection experiments verified the targeting relationship between miR-22 and FMNL2 . Western blot was used to detect the expression of FMNL2 protein.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the number of leukocytes in the peripheral blood of children with AML was significantly increased (P <0.001), while the concentration of hemoglobin and the number of platelets were significantly decreased P <0.001). The expression level of miR-22 in peripheral blood of children with AML was significantly lower than that in control group (P <0.001). Compared with HS-5 cells, the expression levels of miR-22 in TF-1a, HL-60, and THP-1 cells were significantly decreased (P <0.05), and in HL-60 cells was the lowest. Therefore, HL-60 cells were selected for subsequent experiments. Up-regulation of miR-22 or silencing of FMNL2 could reduce the number of migrating cells and increase apoptosis rate (P <0.05). MiR-22 targeted and negatively regulated the expression of FMNL2 . FMNL2 overexpression reversed the effects of up-regulated miR-22 on migration and apoptosis of HL-60 cells.@*CONCLUSION@#MiR-22 can inhibit the migration and promote apoptosis of HL-60 cells by down regulating the expression of FMNL2 .


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/metabolism , Cell Proliferation , Apoptosis , Myeloproliferative Disorders , Cell Movement , Hemoglobins , Cell Line, Tumor , Formins
6.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 878-882, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969589

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of “Cloud Pharmacy Service System” electronic management platform in medication therapy management (MTM) of chronic airway diseases. METHODS MTM module setting of “Cloud Pharmaceutical Service System” was introduced. Totally 371 patients with chronic airway disease admitted to our hospital from January 2021 to March 2022 were selected for MTM based on the “Cloud Pharmacy Service System”. The standardization of inhalation device mastery and compliance of patients before and after intervention were compared with self-made inhalation device evaluation scale and Morisky medication adherence scale-8 (MMAS-8). The satisfaction of patients with pharmacist after intervention was investigated. RESULTS “Cloud Pharmaceutical Service System” is mainly divided into 4 modules, such as medication therapy review, pharmacist intervention, personal medication record and the medication-related action plan, other functions. Among 371 patients, there were 237 outpatients (142 cases of asthma, 95 cases of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) and 134 inpatients (19 cases of asthma and 115 cases of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). The score of the patients using inhalation device increased from 74.76±24.71 before intervention to 99.45±2.12 after intervention (P<0.05). MMAS-8 score increased from 7.14± 1.15 before intervention to 7.88±0.44 after intervention (P<0.05). The degree of patients’ satisfaction with pharmacists reached 100% after intervention. CONCLUSIONS “Cloud Pharmacy Service System” is helpful to improve the effects of pharmaceutical service for patients with chronic airway disease by providing whole-process, online, visual and immediate MTM.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 560-570, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965640

ABSTRACT

The active ingredient of traditional Chinese medicine, silybin (SBN), can inhibit the proliferation of cancer cells and enhance the anticancer effect of doxorubicin (DOX). However, due to non-targeting and short half-life of SBN and DOX, as well as different administration routes and pharmacokinetic processes, this combination drug cannot act on the tumor in the set order, seriously eliminating the synergistic effect between them and limiting the effect in vivo. Therefore, we intended to construct a nano-delivery system based on molybdenum disulfide (MoS2), modified by polyethylene glycol (PEG) and sialic acid (SA), and co-loaded with SBN and DOX. The system induced the release of combined drugs under the dual-stimulation of pH and near infra-red (NIR), increased the free concentration of intracellular drugs, so as to achieve the synergistic effect between them. The animal welfare and experimental procedures were in accordance with the regulations of the Animal Ethics Committee of Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine. MoS2-PEG-SA-SBN/DOX circulated in vivo, and effectively accumulated at tumor sites through enhanced permeability and retention effect (EPR) and SA-mediated active targeting. Under near infrared light irradiation, MoS2-PEG-SA-SBN/DOX realized the combination of synergistic chemotherapy and photothermal therapy for tumor, thus achieving excellent anti-tumor effect in vivo. This study can provide a new idea and strategy for the clinical treatment of lung cancer. Taken together, MoS2-PEG-SA-SBN/DOX can offer a new idea and strategy for the clinical treatment of lung cancer.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987277

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo compare the clinical effect of heat-sensitive moxibustion before menstruation and since the first day of menstruation on primary dysmenorrhoea (PD), thereby optimizing the clinical treatment plan. MethodsSixty patients with PD were randomly divided into pretreatment group (treated before menstruation) and conventional treatment group (treated since the first day of menstruation) of 30 cases each. For all patients, the area surrounded by bilateral Zigong (EX-CA1) and bilateral Guilai (ST 29) in the supine position, and that formed by bilateral Shenshu (BL 23) and Ciliao (BL 32) in the prone position were selected for circling moxibustion (2 min), sparrow-pecking moxibustion (1 min), and then moxibustion along the channels to stimulate the moxibustion sensation and obtain two heat-sensitive points with the best sensation for treatment. In the pretreatment group, moxibustion was applied 3-7 days before the onset of menstruation, and in the conventional treatment group, moxibustion was applied on the day of menstruation. Both groups were treated once daily for 7 days per menstrual cycle for 3 consecutive cycles. The clinical outcomes of the two groups were measured before and after treatment in terms of the COX menstrual pain symptom scale (CMSS) scores, visual analogue scale for pain (VAS) scores, and uterine artery hemodynamic indicators including blood pulsation index (PI) and resistance index (RI), and the clinical effect was compared. ResultsAfter treatment, the CMSS scores, VAS scores, PI and RI in the two groups decreased, and lower scores were found in the pretreatment group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). The total effective rate after treatment was 93.3% (28/30) in the pretreatment group, which was better than 73.3% (22/30) in the conventional treatment group (P<0.05). ConclusionThe clinical effect of heat-sensitive moxibustion before the menstruation for PD was better than that implemented since the first day of menstruation, by significantly improving the patients' dysmenorrhoea symptoms and uterine artery blood flow index.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986689

ABSTRACT

Global Cancer Statistics for 2020 show that urinary system tumors account for approximately 13% of the total number of cancers. At present, the diagnostic methods of urinary system tumors are imaging, endoscopy, and pathological examination. As the gold standard of tumor diagnosis, pathological examination has problems such as lack of pathologists and long operation time. Artificial intelligence (AI), with a strong ability for pathology image recognition and feature analysis, can be used as an auxiliary diagnosis. It has realized automatic diagnosis, typing, staging, grading, and prognosis prediction in several urinary system tumors. However, AI still has many shortcomings, which limit its clinical application. This article will review the progress of AI and its application in the pathological study of urinary system tumors.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986687

ABSTRACT

The incidence of bladder cancer is increasing annually, and the gold standard for its diagnosis relies on histopathological biopsy. Whole-slide digitization technology can produce thousands of high-resolution captured pathological images and has greatly promoted the development of digital pathology. Deep learning, as a new method of artificial intelligence, has achieved remarkable results in the analysis of pathological images for tumor diagnosis, molecular typing, and prediction of prognosis and recurrence of bladder cancer. Traditional pathology relies heavily on the professional level and experience of pathologists; as such, it is highly subjective and has poor reproducibility. Deep learning can automatically extract image features. It can also improve diagnostic efficiency and repeatability and reduce missed and misdiagnosed rates when used to assist pathologists in making decisions. This technology cannot only alleviate the pressure of the current shortage of skilled workforce and uneven medical resources but also promote the development of precision medicine. This article reviews the latest research progress and prospects of deep learning in pathological image analysis of bladder cancer.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970488

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the clinical treatment of colorectal cancer(CRC) has made great progress, but chemoresistance is still one of the main reasons for reducing the survival rate of patients with colorectal cancer. Therefore, ameliorating chemotherapy resis-tance is an urgent problem to be solved. The purpose of this study was to investigate the regulatory role and related molecular mechanisms of hydroxysafflor yellow A(HSYA) in colorectal cancer cell proliferation, migration, and 5-fluorouracil(5-FU) chemoresistance. In this study, HCT116 and HT-29 cells were used as research subjects. Firstly, methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium(MTT) assay and colony formation assay were used to detect and analyze the effect of HSYA on the proliferation of CRC cells. Secondly, the effect of HSYA on the cell cycle in CRC cells was analyzed by cell cycle assay. Furthermore, the effect of HSYA on the migration of CRC cells was analyzed by wound-healing assay and Transwell assay. Based on the above, the influences of HSYA on 5-FU chemoresistance of CRC cells and related molecular mechanisms were explored and analyzed. The results showed that HSYA significantly inhibited the proliferation and migration of CRC cells, and arrested the cell cycle in G_0/G_1 phase. In addition, HSYA significantly ameliorated the chemoresistance of CRC cells to 5-FU. The results of acridine orange staining and Western blot showed that the autophagy activity of CRC cells in the HSYA and 5-FU combined treatment group was significantly higher than that in the 5-FU single drug treatment group. As compared with the 5-FU single drug treatment group, the phosphorylation levels of protein kinase B(Akt) and mammalian target of rapamycin(mTOR) in the HSYA and 5-FU combined treatment group were significantly reduced, indicating that the Akt/mTOR signaling pathway in the combined treatment group was down-regulated in CRC cells. In conclusion, HSYA may upregulate autophagy activity through the Akt/mTOR signaling pathway, thereby inhibiting the proliferation and migration of CRC cells and ameliorating the chemoresistance to 5-FU.


Subject(s)
Humans , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Cell Line, Tumor , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Fluorouracil/pharmacology , Cell Proliferation , Autophagy , Colorectal Neoplasms/drug therapy
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989690

ABSTRACT

Objective:To screen the optimal process of ambi-extracting of Xinyi Powder and inclusion of volatile oil.Methods:Single factor experiment was used to optimize the extraction process of Xinyi Powder by taking crushing particle size, extraction times, the amount of water added and extraction time as the investigation factors. L 9(3 4) orthogonal test was used to optimize the inclusion process of volatile oil in Xinyi Powder. Results:The optimal extraction process of ambi-extracting of Xinyi Powder was as follows: the slices were not crushed, 10 times the amount of water was added, and extracted for 3 hours; the best inclusion process of volatile oil as follows: β-cyclodextrin:water=1:25, β-cyclodextrin:volatile oil=6:1, inclusion temperature 35 ℃, inclusion time 3 hours.Conclusion:The ambi-extracting process and volatile oil inclusion process are simple, stable and feasible.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981675

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the synergistic interaction between the deltoid muscle and the rotator cuff muscle group in patients with rotator cuff tears (RCT), as well as the impact of the critical shoulder angle (CSA) on deltoid muscle strength.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was conducted on clinical data from 42 RCT patients who met the selection criteria and were treated between March 2022 and March 2023. There were 13 males and 29 females, with an age range of 42-77 years (mean, 60.5 years). Preoperative visual analogue scale (VAS) score was 6.0±1.6. CSA measurements were obtained from standard anteroposterior X-ray films before operation, and patients were divided into two groups based on CSA measurements: CSA>35° group (group A) and CSA≤35° group (group B). Handheld dynamometry was used to measure the muscle strength of various muscle group in the shoulder (including the supraspinatus, infraspinatus, subscapularis, and anterior, middle, and posterior bundles of the deltoid). The muscle strength of the unaffected side was compared to the affected side, and muscle imbalance indices were calculated. Muscle imbalance indices between male and female patients, dominant and non-dominant sides, and groups A and B were compared. Pearson correlation analysis was used to examine the relationship between muscle imbalance indices and CSA as well as VAS scores.@*RESULTS@#Muscle strength in all muscle groups on the affected side was significantly lower than on the unaffected side ( P<0.05). The muscle imbalance indices for the supraspinatus, subscapularis, infraspinatus, and anterior, middle, and posterior bundles of the deltoid were 14.8%±24.4%, 5.9%±9.7%, 7.2% (0, 9.1%), 17.2% (5.9%, 26.9%), 8.3%±21.3%, and 10.2% (2.8%, 15.4%), respectively. The muscle imbalance indices of the anterior bundle of the deltoid, supraspinatus, and infraspinatus were significantly lower in male patients compared to female patients ( P<0.05); however, there was no significant difference in muscle imbalance indices among other muscle groups between male and female patients or between the dominant and non-dominant sides ( P>0.05). There was a positive correlation between the muscle imbalance indices of infraspinatus and VAS score ( P<0.05), and a positive correlation between CSA and the muscle imbalance indices of middle bundle of deltoid ( P<0.05). There was no correlation between the muscle imbalance indices of other muscle groups and VAS score or CSA ( P>0.05). Preoperative CSA ranged from 17.6° to 39.4°, with a mean of 31.1°. There were 9 cases in group A and 33 cases in group B. The muscle imbalance indices of the anterior bundle of the deltoid was significantly lower in group A compared to group B ( P<0.05), while there was no significant difference in muscle imbalance indices among other muscle groups between group A and group B ( P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Patients with RCT have a phenomenon of deltoid muscle strength reduction, which is more pronounced in the population with a larger CSA.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Shoulder , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Shoulder Joint/diagnostic imaging , Rotator Cuff/surgery , Muscle Strength , Deltoid Muscle
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981352

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the mechanism of resveratrol(RES) combined with irinotecan(IRI) in the treatment of colorectal cancer(CRC). The targets of RES, IRI, and CRC were obtained from databases, and the targets of RES combined with IRI in the treatment of CRC were acquired by Venn diagram. The protein functional cluster analysis, GO and KEGG enrichment analyses were performed. In addition, the protein-protein interaction(PPI) network was constructed. The core target genes were screened out and the target-signaling pathway network was set up. IGEMDOCK was used to dock the core target gene molecules. Besides, the relationship between the expression level of key target genes and the prognosis and immune infiltration of CRC was analyzed. Based on the in vitro cell experiment, the molecular mechanism of RES combined with IRI in the treatment of CRC was explored and analyzed. According to the results, 63 potential targets of RES combined with IRI were obtained for CRC treatment. Furthermore, cluster analysis revealed that protein functions included 23% transmembrane signal receptors, 22% protein modifying enzymes, and 14% metabolite converting enzymes. GO analysis indicated that BPs were mainly concentrated in protein autophosphorylation, CCs in receptor complex and plasma membrane, and MFs in transmembrane receptor protein tyrosine kinase activity. Moreover, KEGG signaling pathways were mainly enriched in central carbon metabolism in cancer. The key targets of RES combined with IRI in the treatment of CRC were PIK3CA, EGFR, and IGF1R, all of which were significantly positively correlated with the immune infiltration of CRC. As shown by the molecular docking results, PIK3CA had the most stable binding with RES and IRI. Compared with the results in the control group, the proliferation ability and EGFR protein expression of CRC cells in the RES-treated group, the IRI-treated group, and the RES+IRI treated group significantly decreased. Moreover, the cell proliferation ability and EGFR protein expression level of CRC cells in the RES+IRI treated group were remarkably lower than those in the IRI-treated group. In conclusion, PIK3CA, EGFR, and IGF1R are the key targets of RES combined with IRI in CRC treatment. In addition, RES can inhibit the proliferation of CRC cells and improve IRI chemoresistance by downregulating the EGFR signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Irinotecan , Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , Resveratrol , Molecular Docking Simulation , ErbB Receptors/genetics
15.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 279-290, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981005

ABSTRACT

Circadian clock is an internal mechanism evolved to adapt to cyclic environmental changes, especially diurnal changes. Keeping the internal clock in synchronization with the external clock is essential for health. Mismatch of the clocks due to phase shift or disruption of molecular clocks may lead to circadian disorders, including abnormal sleep-wake cycles, as well as disrupted rhythms in hormone secretion, blood pressure, heart rate, body temperature, etc. Long-term circadian disorders are risk factors for various common critical diseases such as metabolic diseases, cardiovascular diseases, and tumor. To prevent or treat the circadian disorders, scientists have conducted extensive research on the function of circadian clocks and their roles in the development of diseases, and screened hundreds of thousands of compounds to find candidates to regulate circadian rhythms. In addition, melatonin, light therapy, exercise therapy, timing and composition of food also play a certain role in relieving associated symptoms. Here, we summarized the progress of both drug- and non-drug-based approaches to prevent and treat circadian clock disorders.


Subject(s)
Circadian Rhythm , Circadian Clocks , Melatonin/physiology
16.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 408-412, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984637

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravenous iron supplementation in patients with recurrent iron deficiency anemia (IDA) . Methods: This retrospective analysis of 90 patients with recurrent IDA from May 2012 to December 2021 was conducted, comparing the efficacy and safety of the intravenous iron therapy group and the oral iron therapy group. Results: Among the 90 patients with recurrent IDA, 20 were males and 70 were females, with a median age of 40 (range: 14-85) years. A total of 60 patients received intravenous iron supplementation and 30 received oral iron supplementation. The hematologic response rates in the intravenous iron group were significantly higher than those in the oral iron group at 4 and 8 weeks after treatment [80.0% (48/60) vs 3.3% (1/30) and 96.7% (58/60) vs 46.7% (14/30), all P<0.001, respectively]. The median increase in hemoglobin levels was also significantly higher in the intravenous iron group than in the oral iron group [38 (4, 66) g/L vs 7 (1, 22) g/L at week 4 and 44.5 (18, 80) g/L vs 19 (3, 53) g/L at week 8, all P<0.001]. The intravenous iron group had a significantly higher proportion of patients who achieved normal hemoglobin levels than the oral iron group (55.0% vs 0 and 90% vs 43.3%, all P<0.001, respectively). Iron metabolism indicators were tested before and after 8 weeks of treatment in 26 and 7 patients in the intravenous and oral iron groups, respectively. The median increase in serum ferritin (SF) levels in the intravenous iron group 8 weeks after treatment was 113.7 (49.7, 413.5) μg/L, and 54% (14/26) of these patients had SF levels of ≥100 μg/L, which was significantly higher than the median increase in SF levels in the oral iron group [14.0 (5.8, 84.2) μg/L, t=4.760, P<0.001] and the proportion of patients with SF levels of ≥100 μg/L (P=0.013). The incidence of adverse reactions was 3.3% (2/60) in the intravenous iron group, which was significantly lower than that in the oral iron group [20.0% (6/30), P=0.015]. Conclusion: Intravenous iron supplementation is more effective for hematologic response, faster hemoglobin increase, and higher iron storage replenishment rates compared with oral iron supplementation in patients with recurrent IDA, and it is well tolerated by patients.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/epidemiology , Sucrose/therapeutic use , Ferric Compounds/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Iron/therapeutic use , Hemoglobins/therapeutic use
17.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 316-320, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984621

ABSTRACT

Objective: To report gene mutations in nine patients with hereditary elliptocytosis (HE) and analyze the characteristics of pathogenic gene mutations in HE. Methods: The clinical and gene mutations of nine patients clinically diagnosed with HE at Institute of Hematology & Blood Diseases Hospital from June 2018 to February 2022 were reported and verified by next-generation sequencing to analyze the relationship between gene mutations and clinical phenotypes. Results: Erythrocyte membrane protein gene mutations were detected among nine patients with HE, including six with SPTA1 mutation, one with SPTB mutation, one with EPB41 mutation, and one with chromosome 20 copy deletion. A total of 11 gene mutation sites were involved, including 6 known mutations and 5 novel mutations. The five novel mutations included SPTA1: c.1247A>C (p. K416T) in exon 9, c.1891delG (p. A631fs*17) in exon 15, E6-E12 Del; SPTB: c.154C>T (p. R52W) ; and EPB41: c.1636A>G (p. I546V) . Three of the six patients with the SPTA1 mutation were SPTA1 exon 9 mutation. Conclusion: SPTA1 is the most common mutant gene in patients with HE.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mutation , Elliptocytosis, Hereditary/metabolism , Erythrocyte Membrane/metabolism , Exons , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Spherocytosis, Hereditary/metabolism
18.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 557-563, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009387

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the possibility of using human skin and oral microorganisms to estimate the geographic origin of an individual through the sequencing analysis of bacterial 16S rRNA gene.@*METHODS@#Microbial DNA was extracted from the palm and oral microorganisms of the Han population in Shanghai and Chifeng, Inner Mongolia, and the composition and diversity of the microbiota were analyzed by full-length 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Then, differential species were screened and a geographic location prediction model was constructed.@*RESULTS@#The compositions of palm and oral microorganisms between Shanghai and Chifeng samples were both different. The abundance and uniformity of palm side skin microorganisms were higher in Chifeng samples than in Shanghai samples, while there was no significant difference in oral microorganisms. Permutational multivariate analysis of variance (PERMANOVA) confirmed that th e β -diversity between the samples from the two places were statistically significant, and the coefficients of determination (R2) for skin and oral samples were 0.129 and 0.102, respectively. Through principal co-ordinates analysis (PCoA), the samples from the two places could be preliminarily distinguished. The predictive model had the accuracies of 0.90 and 0.83 for the geographic origin using the skin and oral samples, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#There are differences in the compositions of palm and oral microbiota between Han populations in Shanghai and Chifeng. The prediction model constructed by the random forest algorithm can trace the unknown individuals from the above two places.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , DNA, Bacterial/genetics , Microbiota/genetics , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics , Skin/microbiology , Forensic Genetics , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Mouth/microbiology
19.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 465-470, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009379

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the feasibility of genetic marker detection of semen-specific coding region single nucleotide polymorphism (cSNP) based on SNaPshot technology in semen stains and mixed body fluid identification.@*METHODS@#Genomic DNA (gDNA) and total RNA were extracted from 16 semen stains and 11 mixtures composed of semen and venous blood, and the total RNA was reverse transcribed into complementary DNA (cDNA). The cSNP genetic markers were screened on the validated semen-specific mRNA coding genes. The cSNP multiplex detection system based on SNaPshot technology was established, and samples were genotyped by capillary electrophoresis (CE).@*RESULTS@#A multiplex detection system containing 5 semen-specific cSNPs was successfully established. In 16 semen samples, except the cSNP located in the TGM4 gene showed allele loss in cDNA detection results, the gDNA and cDNA typing results of other cSNPs were highly consistent. When detecting semen-venous blood mixtures, the results of cSNP typing detected were consistent with the genotype of semen donor and were not interfered by the genotype of venous blood donor.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The method of semen-specific cSNPs detection by SNaPshot technology method can be applied to the genotyping of semen (stains) and provide information for determining the origin of semen in mixed body fluids (stains).


Subject(s)
Genetic Markers , Semen , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , DNA, Complementary/genetics , Body Fluids , RNA, Messenger/genetics , DNA , Saliva , Forensic Genetics/methods
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973232

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo compare the therapeutical effect of exosomes derived from fibroblasts and mesenchymal stem cells on acute wound healing. MethodsPrimary human dermal fibroblasts (hDF) were isolated, cultured and identified. Human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell exosomes (hMSC-EXO) and hDF exosomes (hDF-EXO) were extracted by ultracentrifuga tion. After 24 h of coincubation with hDF-EXO or hMSC-EXO, hDFs proliferation and migratory capacity were evaluated by cell counting kit-8 (CCK8) assay and scratch test. Full-thickness cutaneous wounds were created on 8-week-old female C57BL/6 mice, and topically applied with PBS (control), hDF-EXO or hMSC-EXO. Wounds were measured at day 0, 2, 4, 7, and the uptake of exosomes in wound was observed at day 1. Quantitative PCR (qPCR) analysis was performed to detect the mRNA expression levels of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β, IL-10 in wound at day 1. HE staining was conducted to analyze the histological structure of wounds at day 7, while immunofluorescence staining was used to examine expression of PDGFR-α、α-SMA、Ki67. ResultshDF exhibited certain fibrolast-like characteristics with respect to expression of cell surface markers and specific proteins. hDF-EXO and hMSC-EXO presented exosomal morphology, size, and markers, and both concentrations were not statistically different (P>0.05); CCK8 assay showed that both exosomes promoted hDF cell viability, compared with the negative control (P<0.01), and hDF-EXO group had greater cell viability than hMSC-EXO group (P<0.01). Scratch test indicated that hDF-EXO induced a significant increase in scratch healing rate versus the negative control (P<0.01), hMSC-EXO (P<0.05). In vivo experiments showed wound tissues took up exosomes at day 1. qPCR detected TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β expression levels in wound at day 1 were lower in exosomes group than in the control group, and were the lowest in hMSC-EXO group (all P<0.01). Wound areas were measured smaller at day 7 in exosomes group than in the control group (all P<0.01) and hDF-EXO group had better closure than hMSC-EXO group (P<0.05). HE staining revealed that compared with control group, scar, incomplete epidermis and few collagen deposition remained in the hMSC-EXO group, whereas hDF-EXO group showed re-epithelialization, continuous neo-epidermis and regenerated dermis. Immunofluorescence staining suggested that the number of fibroblasts, myofibroblasts, proliferating cells was higher in both exosomes group than that in the control group, especially the highest in hDF-EXO group. ConclusionOur study shows both exosomes accelerate wound healing, whereas hDF-EXO is more effective in promoting fibroblasts proliferation, migration, transition to myofibroblasts, and hMSC-EXO may play a role in inhibiting inflammatory reaction during early stage of wound healing.

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