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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 829-833, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875890

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the change in the activity of glucosylceramide synthase, the key enzyme in glycosphingolipid metabolism and synthesis, in Huh7 cells infected by hepatitis B virus (HBV) in vitro. MethodsBlood samples were collected from nine previously untreated patients with acute hepatitis B who attended Department of Infectious Diseases, The First Hospital of Lanzhou University, from June to August, 2019, and the blood samples collected from seven healthy individuals who underwent physical examination were established as control. Huh7 cells were inoculated with the high-copy HBV particles (>9.9×107 IU/ml) in the serum of patients with HBV infection (infection group), and Huh7 cells co-cultured with the serum of healthy individuals were established as control group. The expression levels of HBsAg and HBV DNA in the cytoplasm of HBV-infected Huh7 cells were measured, and the correlation between GCS activity and virus was analyzed. A one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison of continuous data between multiple groups, and the least significant difference t-test was used for further comparison between two groups, and a Pearson correlation analysis was performed. ResultsCompared with the control group, the infection group had a significant reduction in the number of cells, an increase in cell volume, and cell membrane fragmentation. The infection group had a significant increase in the expression of HBsAg in cytoplasm at 4 hours, 8 hours, 2 days, and 5 days after infection (P<0.05); the expression level of HBV DNA tended to increase significantly from 4 hours after infection to 8 hours, 2 days, and 5 days after infection (16.67±11.55 IU/ml vs 112.01±25.94 IU/ml/328.01±10350 IU/ml/101.60±49.84 IU/ml, P<0.001), with the highest level at 2 days after infection. During HBV infection, the activity of GCS gradually increased with the increase in viral replication from 4 hours after infection (126.21±9.59 IU/ml) and reached a peak at 2 days after infection (226.53±36.27 IU/ml), with a significant difference between the infection group and the control group at 2 days after infection (226.53±36.27 IU/ml vs 136.50±1544 IU/ml, t=3.956, P=0.016 7). The activity of GCS was positively correlated with HBV DNA level (r=0.576 8, P=0047 1). ConclusionHuh7 cells are successfully infected with the high-copy HBV particles in the serum of patients with HBV infection, which mimics the characteristics of HBV infection in vitro to a certain degree. The activity of GCS may be associated with HBV infection, suggesting that glycosphingolipid synthesis and metabolism may be closely associated with HBV.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874365

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Systemic inflammatory response is a critical factor that promotes the initiation and metastasis of malignancies including pancreatic cancer (PC). This study was designed to determine and compare the prognostic value of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio (MLR), and fibrinogen-to-albumin ratio (FAR) in resectable PC and locally advanced or metastatic PC. @*Materials and Methods@#Three hundred fifty-three patients with resectable PC and 807 patients with locally advan-ced or metastatic PC were recruited in this study. These patients were classified into a training set (n=758) and a validation set (n=402). Kaplan-Meier survival plots and Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to analyze prognosis. @*Results@#Overall survival (OS) was significantly better for patients with resectable PC with low preoperative PLR (p=0.048) and MLR (p=0.027). Low FAR, MLR, NLR (p < 0.001), and PLR (p=0.003) were significantly associated with decreased risk of death for locally advanced or metastatic PC patients. FAR (hazard ratio [HR], 1.522; 95% confidential interval [CI], 1.261 to 1.837; p < 0.001) and MLR (HR, 1.248; 95% CI, 1.017 to 1.532; p=0.034) were independent prognostic factors for locally advanced or metastatic PC. @*Conclusion@#The prognostic roles of FAR, MLR, NLR, and PLR in resectable PC and locally advanced or metastatic PC were different. FAR showed the most prognostic power in locally advanced or metastatic PC. Low FAR was positively correlated with OS in locally advanced or metastatic PC, which could be used to predict the prognosis.

3.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 225-229, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886038

ABSTRACT

With the increasing incidence of breast cancer, the relationship between tumor and immune function has attracted more and more attention. This article reviews the relationship between breast cancer and T lymphocyte subsets, in order to explore the changes of immune function before and after operation in breast cancer patients, so as to select appropriate surgical methods, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and immunotherapy for the patients.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885270

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the midterm to long-term outcomes and experiences of endovascular treatment (ET) of spontaneous isolated superior mesenteric artery dissection (SISMAD).Methods:The clinical data of 31 SISMAD patients from Jan 2011 to Dec 2019 treated with ET was retrospectively analyzed.Results:Successful ET was achieved in 29 patients with a technical success rate of 93.5%. A total of 36 self-expandable bare stents were planted in 28 patients and plain old balloon angioplastry (POBA) was performed in 1 patient. Abdominal pain disappeared within 24 hours in 89.3% of the patients after stenting. The rate of perioperative complication was 3.2%. There was no SMA dissection rupture bleeding, nor perioperative death occurred. The mean follow-up time was 53.5 (range, 6 to 110) months. There was no dissecting aneurysm formation, no SMA rupture and bleeding, and no stent rupture during the follow-up. The post ET 1-year, 3-year, and 5-year free from reintervention rate were 100%, 100%, and 91.7%, respectively.Conclusions:ET for SISMAD is safe and effective with satisfactory perioperative and midterm to long-term outcomes.

5.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 294-299, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885215

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate mechanisms underlying the signal crosstalk of VEGF-IL-6-STAT3 between cutaneous melanoma cells and vascular endothelial cells.Methods:EC-304 vascular endothelial cells were divided into 3 groups: control group cultured in conventional endothelial cell-conditioned medium, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) group cultured in endothelial cell-conditioned medium containing 50 μg/L VEGF 165, A375 co-culture group co-cultured with a melanoma cell line A375. After 24-, 48- and 72-hour treatment, the culture medium was collected, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was performed to detect the level of interleukin-6 (IL-6) . Cultured A375 cells were divided into 4 groups: control group receiving conventional culture in Dulbecco′s modified Eagle′s medium (DMEM) , A375+ EC-304 group co-cultured with EC-304 cells, A375+ EC-304+ IL-6 group co-cultured with EC-304 cells in DMEM containing 50 μg/L IL-6 (an agonist of the signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 [STAT3] pathway) , A375+ EC-304+ JSI-124 group co-cultured with EC-304 cells in DMEM containing 1 μmol/L JSI-124 (a STAT3 pathway inhibitor) . After 24-, 48- and 72-hour treatment, cells were collected, and Western blot analysis, cell counting kit-8 (CCK8) assay and Transwell invasion assay were performed to determine the protein expression of STAT3 and phosphorylated (p) -STAT3, cellular proliferative activity and invasive activity, respectively. Two-way analysis of variance and t test were used for statistical analysis. Results:The level of IL-6 significantly increased in the culture medium of EC-304 cells in the VEGF group and A375 co-culture group compared with the control group ( FVEGF = 29.63, P < 0.001; FA375 = 11.09, P = 0.020) . Compared with the control group, the A375+ EC-304 group showed significantly enhanced protein expression of p-STAT3 in A375 cells ( P < 0.001) , increased cell activity ( P < 0.001) , and increased number of invasive cells (152.66 ± 16.04 vs. 86.13 ± 7.24, t= 4.43, P < 0.001) ; compared with the A375+ EC-304 group, the A375+ EC-304+ IL-6 group showed significantly increased protein expression of p-STAT3 ( P < 0.001) , enhanced cell activity ( P < 0.001) , and increased number of invasive cells (187.34 ± 14.38, t= 2.17, P < 0.001) ; compared with the A375+ EC-304 group, the A375+ EC-304+ JSI-124 group showed significantly decreased protein expression of p-STAT3 ( P < 0.001) , decreased cell activity ( P < 0.001) , and decreased number of invasive cells (124.92 ± 8.72, t=-1.86, P < 0.001) . Conclusion:There is a signal crosstalk of VEGF-IL-6-STAT3 between cutaneous melanoma cells and vascular endothelial cells, which may play an important role in the proliferation and invasion of A375 cells.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883259

ABSTRACT

In recent years, many researchs have found that microRNA (miRNAs) has differential expression in pancreatic tissues, pancreatic cancer cells and drug-resistant pancreatic cancer cells, and miRNAs can change the sensitivity of pancreatic cancer cells to chemotherapy drugs by acting on downstream target genes.The molecular mechanism of drug resistance in tumors is complex. In the drug-resistance of pancreatic cancer, miRNAs can mediate drug resistance in pancreatic cancer cells by affecting epithelial-mesenchymal transformation, DNA damage and repair, downstream signaling pathways, non-coding RNA, related coding genes, pancreatic cancer stem cells and other mechanisms. Therefore, the investigation of drug resistance mechanism and related miRNAs in pancreatic cancer will help to find new anti-drug resistance treatment methods. The authors summarize exosome miRNAs invloved in regulating chemoresistance in pancreatic cancer, in order to provide theoretical support for clinical treatment and find new targeted therapy of pancreatic cancer.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882421

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer is currently one of the most common malignant tumors in the world. The occurrence and development of lung cancer, especially non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), are closely related to the abnormal expression of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA). lncRNA with a transcript of more than 200 nucleotides is involved in chromatin modification, transcription activation, transcription interference and other regulatory processes, and has varying degrees of regulation on the proliferation, migration, and invasion of tumor cells. It is characterized by up-regulation or down-regulation of expression. At present, there are a large number of studies on lncRNA, because lncRNA has considerable application prospects in the diagnosis, clinical treatment, drug resistance research and prognosis evaluation of NSCLC. In this paper, the overview of lncRNA, the up-regulation or down-regulation of NSCLC-related lncRNA expression, NSCLC clinical treatment and drug-resistant lncRNA were summarized.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880055

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the relationship between the change of lymphocyte subsets before and after immunosuppressive therapy (IST) with disease severity of severe aplastic anemia (SAA) and hematologic response to IST.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 94 patients with SAA/VSAA treated by r-ATG and CsA in our hospital from December 2009 to October 2011 was analyzed retrospectively. Among them, 26 patients who had sequential data of lymphocyte subsets and cytokines before and after treatment were enrolled. The relationship between lymphocyte subsets, cytokine level before IST and disease severity, as well as the relationship between changes if lymphocyte subsets, changes of cytokine and the HR after IST for 6 months was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#There were no statistical differences in the ratio and absolute count of lymphocyte, the ratio and absolute count of each lymphocyte subsets, including CD3@*CONCLUSION@#The hematopoietic recovery and early hematologic remission may be affected by the intensity of immune suppression reflected from the changes of lymphocyte subsets and the immune reconstruction reflected from the recovery of lymphocyte subsets. The immune reconstruction is most significant within 3 months after IST.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Aplastic , Humans , Immunosuppression , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Lymphocyte Subsets , Retrospective Studies
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1405-1415, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878190

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#More and more scholars have called for the cumulative live birth rate (CLBR) of a complete ovarian stimulation cycle as a key indicator for assisted reproductive technology. This research aims to study the CLBR of the first ovarian hyperstimulation cycles and analyze the related prognosis factors that might affect the CLBR.@*METHODS@#Our retrospective study included first in vitro fertilization or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) cycles performed between January 2013 to December 2014. A total of 17,978 couples of first ovarian hyperstimulation IVF/ICSI cycles were included. The study was followed up for 4 years to observe the CLBR. The multivariable logistic regression model was used to analyze the prognosis factor, P value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant.@*RESULTS@#The cumulative pregnancy rate was 58.14% (10,452/17,978), and the CLBR was 49.66% (8928/17,978). The female age was younger in the live birth group when compared with the non-live birth group (30.81 ± 4.05 vs. 33.09 ± 5.13, P < 0.001). The average duration of infertility was shorter than the non-live birth cohort (4.22 ± 3.11 vs. 5.06 ± 4.08, P < 0.001). The preliminary gonadotropin used and the total number of gonadotropin used were lower in the live birth group when compared with the non-live birth group (both P < 0.001). Meanwhile, the number of oocytes retrieved and transferrable embryos were both significantly higher in the live birth group (15.35 ± 7.98 vs. 11.35 ± 7.60, P < 0.001; 6.66 ± 5.19 vs. 3.62 ± 3.51, P < 0.001, respectively).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The women's age, body mass index, duration of infertility years, infertility factors, controlled ovarian hyperstimulation protocol, the number of acquired oocytes, and number of transferrable embryos are the prognosis factors that significantly affected the CLBR.


Subject(s)
Birth Rate , China , Female , Fertilization in Vitro , Humans , Live Birth , Ovulation Induction , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Rate , Retrospective Studies , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876198

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of atmospheric particulate exposure on the expression of key molecules of Nrf2 signaling pathway involved in oxidative stress and inflammatory response factors in myocardium of rats fed with high-fat and high-glucose diet. Methods A total of 48 SD male rats were randomly divided into control group (CC group), high-fat and high-glucose diet group (HC group), atmospheric particulates group (CP group) and atmospheric particulates plus high-fat and high-glucose diet group (HP group), with 12 rats in each group.Rats were fed in individual ventilated cages (IVC).The CC and HC groups were placed in IVCs equipped with the atmospheric particulate filter, however, the CP and HP groups without the atmospheric particulate filter to make the air composition similar to the outdoor.A total of 24 rats were sacrificed for acquiring myocardial tissue after 3 and 6 months of exposure.The mRNA expression of Nrf2, HO-1, NQO1, VCAM-1 and MCP-1 were measured using RT-qPCR and the protein expression of VCAM-1, MCP-1 detected using western blot. Results The mRNA expression levels of Nrf2, HO-1, NQO1, VCAM-1 and MCP-1 and the protein expression levels of VCAM-1 and MCP-1 in HC, CP and HP groups were higher than CC group (P < 0.05).The mRNA expression levels of Nrf2, HO-1, NQO1, VCAM-1, MCP-1 and the protein expression levels of VCAM-1, MCP-1 in the HP group were higher than HC and CP groups (P < 0.05).The mRNA expression levels of Nrf2 in CP and HP groups after 6 months of exposure were lower than that at 3 months (P < 0.05). Conclusion The exposure of atmospheric particles, high-fat and high-glucose and their combination diets could cause myocardial tissue inflammatory responses, and activate Nrf2 signaling pathways to protect against myocardial damage.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871239

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate any effect of different environments on the levels of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), cortisol and testosterone using SAMP8 senescence-accelerated mice.Methods:Thirty SAMP8 mice were randomly divided into an enriched environment (EE) group, an impoverished environment (IE) group and a standard environment (SE) group, each of 10. The serum levels of ACTH, cortisol and testosterone were measured in all of the mice after they had lived in their respective environments for 8 weeks.Results:The average ACTH concentrations of the IE, EE and SE groups were (60.54±16.22), (48.98±15.30) and (28.49±8.24)pg/ml respectively. The average cortisol concentrations were (5.37±0.81), (4.09±0.92) and (3.19±0.88)ng/ml. The average testosterone concentrations being (2.35±0.90), (7.07±1.57) and (3.16±1.10)ng/ml. The average ACTH and cortisol levels were significantly different between the SE and IE groups. The average ACTH and testosterone levels differed significantly between the SE and EE groups and between the EE and IE groups.Conclusions:An impoverished environment can increase the secretion of ACTH and cortisol and activate the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, at least in SAMP8 mice. An enriched environment can promote the secretion of ACTH and testosterone, but not that of cortisol.

12.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 666-674, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870998

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the prevalence of masked hypertension defined by home blood pressure monitoring in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD) and examine its determinants.Methods:The patients who performed PD in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from January 1, 2006 to December 31, 2013 were recruited. Baseline demographic, clinical and biochemical examination data were collected to analyze the prevalence and clinical characteristics in patients with masked hypertension defined by home blood pressure monitoring. Multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the related risk factors of masked hypertension in PD patients with clinic normotension.Results:There were 1 425 patients (866 males) enrolled in this study, with age of (46.9±14.9) years and body mass index of (21.6±3.1) kg/m 2. The prevalence of masked hypertension in PD patients was 31.9%, and the prevalence of masked hypertension in patients with clinic normotension was 57.5%. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that higher body mass index ( OR=1.057, 95% CI 1.001-1.116, P=0.047), incorporating diabetes mellitus ( OR=1.996, 95% CI 1.160-3.433, P=0.013), use of multiple antihypertensive drugs ( OR=1.336, 95% CI 1.122-1.590, P=0.001) and elevated office blood pressure ( OR=1.785, 95% CI 1.546-2.060, P<0.001) were independent risk factors of masked hypertension in PD patients with clinic normotension. Conclusions:The prevalence of masked hypertension is high in PD patients. Higher body mass index, incorporating diabetes mellitus, use of multiple antihypertensive drugs and elevated office blood pressure are independent risk factors for masked hypertension in PD patients with clinic normotension.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868160

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the main clinical outcomes of Day 6 (D6) single blastocyst transplantation in fresh and frozen-thawed cycles.Methods:The data of fresh blastocyst transplantation patients and frozen-thawed blastocyst transplantation patients from January 2013 to December 2017 were retrospectively analysed. Fresh blastocyst transplantation and frozen-thawed blastocyst transplantation were matched in a ratio of 1∶3 by using propensity score matching, the matching factors included age, body mass index, thickness of endometrium and blastocyst grade. Totally 180 cases were included in the fresh cycle group and 540 cases in the frozen-thawed cycle group.Results:There was no significant difference in basal FSH between the two groups [(6.9±2.5) versus (6.4±3.8) U/L, P=0.334]. The positive rate of hCG in D6 blastocyst fresh cycle transplantation group [32.8%(59/180) versus 48.1%(260/540)], clinical pregnancy rate [28.9%(52/180) versus 43.5%(235/540)] and live birth rate [21.1%(38/180) versus 32.2%(174/540)] were lower than those of frozen-thawed cycle group (all P<0.05). The miscarriage rate was higher [26.9%(14/52) versus 24.7%(58/235)], but there was no statistical difference ( P>0.05). Conclusions:The clinical pregnancy outcome of D6 single blastocyst frozen-thawed cycle transplantation is better than that of fresh cycle. In order to obtain better clinical outcomes, frozen-thawed cycle transplantation of blastocysts formed on the 6th day is recommended.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865131

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the surgical indications of gallbladder polyps.Methods:The retrospective case-control study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 2 272 patients with gallbladder polyps who underwent cholecystectomy in 11 medical centers from January 2015 to December 2019 were collected, including 585 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi′an Jiaotong University, 352 in No. 215 Hospital of Shaanxi Nuclear Industry, 332 in the First People′s Hospital of Xianyang, 233 in Shaanxi Provincial People′s Hospital, 152 in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi′an Jiaotong University, 138 in Xianyang Hospital of Yan′an University, 137 in People′s Hospital of Baoji, 125 in Hanzhong Central Hospital, 95 in Baoji Central Hospital, 72 in Ankang Central Hospital, 51 in Yulin No.2 Hospital. There were 887 males and 1 385 females, aged (48±12)years, with a range from 12 to 86 years. Observation indicators: (1) surgical treatment, pathological examination and hospitalization; (2) follow-up and complications; (3) comparison of clinicopathological data between patients with non-neoplastic polyps and neoplastic polyps; (4) comparison of clinicopathological data among patients who had gallbladder polyp diameter of 7 to 9 mm, 10 to 12 mm, or ≥13 mm without cholecystolithiasis; (5) analysis of influence factors for the incidence of neoplastic polyps in patients who had gallbladder polyp diameter of 10 to 12 mm without cholecystolithiasis; (6) construction and evaluation of nomogram prediction model for neoplastic polyps of patients who had gallbladder polyp diameter of 10 to 12 mm without cholecystolithiasis. Follow-up using outpatient examination or telephone interview was conducted to detect complications and survival of patients up to April 2020. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M (range), and comparison between groups was analyzed using the rank-sum test. Ordinal data was analyzed using the rank-sum test of multi-samples. Analysis of influence factors for the incidence of neoplastic polyps was conducted after excluding missing data of CEA and CA19-9. Univariate analysis was conducted using the chi-square test or rank-sum test of multi-samples, and multivariate analysis was conducted using Logistic regression model. Based on Logistic regression model multivariate analysis, the nomogram prediction model was constructed using the R 3.6.0 version software. Results:(1) Surgical treatment, pathological examination and hospitalization: of the 2 272 patients, 2 199 cases underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy, 43 cases underwent open cholecystectomy, 28 cases underwent radical resection for gallbladder carcinoma, and 2 cases underwent laparoscopic gallbladder preservation and polypectomy. There were 1 050 of the 2 272 patients undergoing intraoperative frozen section examination. Results of pathological examination showed that 1 953 of the 2 272 patients had non-neoplastic polyps including 1 681 cases with cholesterol polyps and 272 cases with inflammatory polyps; 319 cases had neoplastic polyps including 274 with benign polyps (93 cases with adenoma, 66 cases with adenomyoma, 81 cases with adenoma-like hyperplasia, 34 cases with adenoma combined with intraepithelial neoplasia); and 45 cases had malignant polyps including 43 cases with adenocarcinoma, 1 case with adenosquamous carcinoma and 1 case with sarcomatoid carcinoma. The duration of postoperative hospital stay of 2 272 patients was 3 days(range, 1 to 27 days). (2) Follow-up and complications: of the 2 272 patients, 1 932 were followed up for 3.5 to 63.5 months, with a median follow-up time of 31.0 months. During the follow-up, 180 patients had short-term complications and 170 patients had long-term complications. (3) Comparison of clinicopathological data between patients with non-neoplastic polyps and neoplastic polyps: cases with age ≤50 years or >50 years, cases with time from first discovery of polyp to operation <1 year, 1-3 years, >3 years and ≤5 years or >5 years, CEA, CA19-9, CA125, cases with single or multiple polyps in preoperative ultrasonography examination, cases with diameter of polyps in preoperative ultrasonography examination as 1-6 mm, 7-9 mm, 10-12 mm or ≥13 mm, cases with pedicled or broad based polyp wall in preoperative ultrasonography examination, cases with polyp morphology in preoperative ultrasono-graphy examination as nodular, papillary, globular or mulberry-like, cases undergoing or not undergoing intraoperative frozen section examination, cases with diameter of polyps in postoperative pathological examination as 1-6 mm, 7-9 mm, 10-12 mm or ≥13 mm, cases with gallbladder wall thickness in postoperative pathological examination as ≤4 mm or >4 mm of the 1 953 patients with non-neoplastic polyps were 1 118, 835, 1 027, 422, 230, 274, 2.0 mg/L(range, 0.2-8.6 mg/L), 14.5 U/mL(range, 2.6-116.4 U/mL), 10.5 U/mL(range, 1.2-58.7 U/mL), 658, 1 295, 674, 741, 413, 125, 1 389, 564, 407, 1 119, 292, 135, 832, 1 121, 698, 774, 385, 96, 1 719, 234, respectively. The above indicators of the 319 patients with neoplastic polyps were 160, 159, 204, 55, 26, 34, 2.9 mg/L(range, 0.2-28.8 mg/L), 19.7 U/mL(range, 3.5-437.1 U/mL), 15.0 U/mL(range, 1.0-945.0 U/mL), 203, 116, 49, 59, 100, 111, 154, 165, 92, 153, 49, 25, 218, 101, 53, 85, 90, 91, 263, 56, respectively. There were significant differences in the above indicators between the non-neoplastic polyps and neoplastic polyps patients ( χ2=5.599, Z=-3.668, -2.407, -3.023, -3.403, χ2=104.474, Z=-13.367, χ2=65.676, 12.622, 73.075, Z=-11.874, χ2=7.649, P<0.05). (4) Comparison of clinicopathological data among patients who had gallbladder polyp diameter of 7 to 9 mm, 10 to 12 mm, or ≥13 mm without cholecystolithiasis: after excluding 311 of the 2 272 patients with cholecystolithiasis, there were 706 cases with gallbladder polyp diameter of 7 to 9 mm, 459 cases with gallbladder polyp diameter of 10 to 12 mm, and 205 cases with gallbladder polyp diameter ≥13 mm, respectively. Cases with time from first discovery of polyp to operation <1 year, 1-3 years, >3 years and ≤5 years or >5 years, CEA, CA19-9, cases with single or multiple polyps in preoperative ultrasonography examination, cases with pedicled or broad based polyp wall in preoperative ultrasonography examination, cases with polyp morphology in preoperative ultrasonography examination as nodular, papillary, globular or mulberry-like, cases with echo intensity of preoperative ultrasonography examination as slightly strong, medium or weak, cases undergoing or not undergoing intraoperative frozen section examination, and cases with pathological types of polyps as non-neoplastic polyps, benign polyps or malignant polyps of the 706 patients with gallbladder polyp diameter of 7 to 9 mm were 291, 170, 107, 138, 2.2 mg/L(range, 0.5-8.6 mg/L), 21.0 U/mL(range, 2.8-116.4 U/mL), 207, 499, 620, 86, 118, 463, 75, 50, 252, 410, 44, 379, 327, 657, 49, 0, respectively. The above indicators of the 459 patients with gallbladder polyp diameter of 10 to 12 mm were 267, 85, 43, 64, 1.6 mg/L(range, 0.4-9.3 mg/L), 10.4 U/mL(range, 3.3-354.0 U/mL), 205, 254, 237, 222, 158, 223, 51, 27, 222, 213, 24, 263, 196, 373, 79, 7, respectively. The above indicators of the 205 patients with gallbladder polyp diameter ≥13 mm were 128, 38, 20, 19, 2.1 mg/L(range, 0.6-28.8 mg/L), 10.2 U/mL(range, 3.6-307.0 U/mL), 120, 85, 75, 130, 68, 97, 22, 18, 98, 95, 12, 148, 57, 113, 71, 21, respectively. There were significant differences in the above indicators among patients who had gallbladder polyp diameter of 7 to 9 mm, 10 to 12 mm, or ≥ 13 mm ( χ2=46.482, 8.093, 39.504, 66.971, 277.043, 60.945, 19.672, 22.340, 197.854, P<0.05). (5) Analysis of influence factors for the incidence of neoplastic polyps in patients who had gallbladder polyp diameter of 10 to 12 mm without cholecystolithiasis: of the 459 patients who had gallbladder polyp diameter of 10 to 12 mm without cholecystolithiasis, there were 373 cases with non-neoplastic polyps, and 86 cases with neoplastic polyps, respectively. Results of univariate analysis showed that CEA, CA19-9, the number of polyps in preoperative ultrasonography examination, diameter of polyps in preoperative ultrasonography examination, polyp wall in preoperative ultrasonography examination were influence factors for the incidence of neoplastic polyps in patients who had gallbladder polyp diameter of 10 to 12 mm without cholecystolithiasis ( χ2=10.342, 5.616, 20.009, Z=-4.352, χ2=6.203, P<0.05). Results of multivariate analysis showed that CEA>5.0 mg/L, CA19-9>39.0 U/mL, single polyp in preoperative ultrasonography examination, polyp diameter of 11 mm in preoperative ultrasonography examination, polyps of broad base in preoperative ultrasonography examination were independent risk factors for the incidence of neoplastic polyps in patients who had gallbladder polyp diameter of 10 to 12 mm without cholecystolithiasis ( odds ratio=8.423, 0.082, 0.337, 3.694, 2.318, 95% confidence interval: 1.547-45.843, 0.015-0.443, 0.198-0.575, 1.987-6.866, 1.372-3.916, P<0.05). (6) Construction and evaluation of nomogram prediction model for neoplastic polyps of patients who had gallbladder polyp diameter of 10 to 12 mm without cholecystolithiasis: CEA, CA19-9, the number of polyps in preoperative ultrasonography examination, diameter of polyps in preoperative ultrasonography examination, polyp wall in preoperative ultrasonography examination were imported into R 3.6.0 version software to establish the nomogram prediction model for neoplastic polyps. The results showed the score for CEA>5.0 mg/L, CA19-9>39.0 U/mL, cases with single polyp in preoperative ultrasonography examination, cases with polyp diameter of 10 mm in preoperative ultrasonography examination, cases with polyp diameter of 11 mm in preoperative ultrasonography examination, cases with polyp diameter of 12 mm in preoperative ultrasonography examination, polyps of broad base in preoperative ultrasonography examination were 25, 27, 100, 0, 26, 72, 98 in the nomogram prediction model, respectively. The C-index of nomogram prediction model was 0.768. Result of nomogram prediction model showed that the incidence of tumor polyps was 0, 6% and 10% in patients with multiple and pedicled gallbladder polyps with diameter of 10, 11, 12 mm and with CEA ≤5.0 mg/L and CA19-9 ≤39.0 U/mL, the incidence of tumor polyps was 43%, 53% and 70% in patients with single and broad base gallbladder polyps with diameter of 10, 11, 12 mm. The calibration curve showed that the probability of the nomogram prediction model predicting neoplastic polyps was nearly consistent with the actual probability. Conclusions:CEA>5.0 mg/L, CA19-9>39.0 U/mL, single polyp in preoperative ultrasonography examination, polyp diameter of 11 mm in preoperative ultrasonography examination, polyps of broad base in preoperative ultrasonography examination are independent risk factors for the incidence of neoplastic polyps in patients who had gallbladder polyp diameter of 10 to 12 mm without cholecystolithiasis. Cholecystectomy should be performed in time for patients with single and broad based gallbladder polyps with diameter of 10, 11, 12 mm.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829573

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of malaria and implementation of the “1-3-7” approach in malaria elimination in Yunnan Province, so as to provide the data support for the development of post-elimination surveillance interventions. Methods All data pertaining to malaria cases in Yunnan Province from 2014 to 2019 were captured from the Notifiable Disease Reporting System of Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, and the changes in the epidemic situation of malaria were analyzed during the 5-year period. In addition, the core indexes regarding the “1-3-7” approach in malaria elimination of Yunnan Province from 2014 to 2019 were retrieved from the Malaria Control System in the Parasitic Disease Information Reporting System, and all changes in the indexes were descriptively analyzed. Results During the period from 2014 to 2019, a total of 2 283 malaria cases were reported in Yunnan Province, including 1 927 cases with vivax malaria, 326 cases with plasmodium malaria, 29 cases with other species of malaria, and one case with unidentified species. There were 64 local cases, 2 219 overseas imported cases. Among the 2 283 malaria cases, the male/female ratio was 4.58∶1, and 80.25% of the cases were aged from 15 to 50 years. Farmer (70.00%) was the predominant occupation, and 76.70% (1 751/2 283) of the cases were identified in 25 border counties (districts). Malaria cases were reported in each month during the 5-year period, and the number of malaria cases increased from April, peaked on May to July, and started to decline on August. From 2014 to 2019, the reporting rate of malaria cases within 24 hours upon diagnosis was 100%, and the detection of malaria cases was 99.69% (2 276/ 2 283) in the laboratory, with a 99.65% (2 275/2 283) rate of definite diagnosis. In addition, the percentage of individual epidemiological investigations within 3 days was 100.00% (2 283/2 283), and the number of epidemic foci survey and treatment within 7 days was 576 during the 3-year period from 2017 to 2019. The goal of malaria elimination was achieved in Yunnan Province on June, 2020. Conclusions Malaria has been eliminated in Yunnan Province, and management of overseas imported malaria is the primary challenge to consolidate the malaria elimination achievements in the future. However, the approach in malaria elimination remains to be maintained, and the role of the Yunnan Provincial Malaria Diagnostic Reference Laboratory requires to be strengthened.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1923-1931, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825148

ABSTRACT

In this study, physical fingerprint and multivariate statistical analysis was applied to characterize the quality consistency of different sources of carboxymethylcellulose sodium, and the visualization of R language was used to explore the intrinsic correlation on its performances, and we drew contour maps between independent variables and flowability of powder to find the design space. Through the physical fingerprint and multivariate statistical analysis, it was found that there were differences in the powder properties of carboxymethylcellulose sodium from different sources, and its moisture content, bulk density and tapped density have a great influence on the fluidity. The fillibility was positively correlated with flowability, both negatively correlated with compressibility by R intelligent visualization analysis, which was statistically significant (P < 0.01). When the angle of repose is 30° - 40°, the appropriate design space was found as 5.092 2% < moisture content < 7.006 7%, 0.560 2 g·cm-3 < bulk density < 0.579 9 g·cm-3, and 0.646 3 g·cm-3 < tapped density < 0.816 5 g·cm-3. The results show that it is scientific and feasible to evaluate the quality consistency of pharmaceutical excipients by using the physical fingerprint, multivariate statistical analysis and visualization methods, which provides new ideas for the production and quality evaluation of excipients and the development of generic prescriptions.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823119

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the epidemiological characteristics of the novel coronavirus diseases 2019 (COVID-19), and to scientifically guide the prevention and control of COVID-19 in Hubei Province. Methods All COVID-19 cases reported online in Hubei Province as of March 31, 2020 were extracted from Hubei's Infectious Disease Information System. The epidemic curve, age and sex characteristics, and spatiotemporal distribution characteristics of the COVID-19 cases were analyzed. Results As of March 31, 2020, a total of 70 764 cases were reported in Hubei Province, including 49 195 confirmed cases. A total of 4 579 deaths occurred among the confirmed cases, and the reported case fatality rate was 6.47%. The peak of the onset of symptoms occurred from January 20 to February 14, 2020. The sex ratio of male to female of the confirmed cases was 0.99: 1, and most were 30-69 years old. The cases diagnosed before January 5 were mainly reported by Wuhan City. From January 6 to January 31, all counties and districts in the province reported that the incidence of confirmed COVID-19 cases began to rise, and about 50% counties reported that the morbidity rate of confirmed COVID-19 cases was over 10 cases per 100 000. The morbidity rate of COVID-19 cases rose rapidly between February 1-15, and then gradually reached its peak after February 16. Conclusion Wuhan City of Hubei Province first discovered and reported the COVID-19 outbreak. The onset of symptoms peaked in January 20 to February 14, and the 30-69 years old group was the key population. Many measures such as restricting personnel movement, reducing contact, and strengthening health education played an important role in controlling the outbreak of COVID-19 in Hubei.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817646

ABSTRACT

@# Emergencies refer to those events that cause serious social harm, including natural disasters and public health events, and require emergency response. Medical rescue team is the main emergency rescue team. While carrying out the rescue mission, they are under great pressure both physically and mentally due to the unadaptability of the rescue environment, the lack of protective materials, overwork and other reasons, often resulting in fear, tension, anxiety, pessimism, self-blame and even acute stress disorder. Without timely and effective psychological support, long-term psychological problems such as post-traumatic stress disorder will remain after the event. Comprehensive psychological support includes psychological measurement of the whole rescue process, team formation before rescue and detailed psychological support intervention training, self-relaxation during rescue, basic life and safety guarantee, drug treatment, online psychological assistance, withdrawal of stressors after rescue and lifestyle reconstruction.

19.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1073-1079, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879238

ABSTRACT

Portal hypertension (PHT) is a common complication of liver cirrhosis, which could be measured by the means of portal vein pressure (PVP). However, there is no report about an effective and reliable way to achieve noninvasive assessment of PVP so far. In this study, firstly, we collected ultrasound images and echo signals of different ultrasound contrast agent (UCA) concentrations and different pressure ranges in a low-pressure environment based on an


Subject(s)
Contrast Media , Humans , Hypertension, Portal/diagnostic imaging , Liver Cirrhosis , Portal Vein/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-790253

ABSTRACT

Medical education reform mainly focused on the reform of the form and method of teaching but neglected the reform of the teaching concept that has truly penetrated into all aspects of teaching. With reference to the reflection on the teaching goal of physiology and the need of the cultivation of "post competency", the core concepts of physiological teaching are summarized into the following four aspects: "Three Outlooks" must be positive to help students establish a balanced view, a dialectical view, and a holistic view; "Three Fundamentals" should be solid to help students master basic knowledge structure system, cultivate basic knowledge acquisition ability, and improve basic operation skills; students should attach importance to learning and use; humanistic quality should be strengthened. The above core concepts have been widely recognized by students in teaching practice , and clinical medical students have significantly better evaluation of the core concepts than nursing students . Future direction of the subsequent teaching reform should be how to refine the contents of lectures under the guidance of the teaching concepts to adapt to the increasingly detailed specialities.

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