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1.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 93-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959025

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) on early allograft dysfunction (EAD) after heart transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 614 heart transplant recipients were retrospectively analyzed. All recipients were divided into the ECMO group (n=43) and non-ECMO group (n=571) according to postoperative application of ECMO. In the ECMO group, the conditions of recipients undergoing ECMO after heart transplantation were summarized. Perioperative status and long-term prognosis of recipients were compared between two groups. Results Among 43 recipients undergoing ECMO, 17 cases underwent thoracotomy due to bleeding, 10 cases of infection, 4 cases of venous thrombosis of the lower limbs, and 1 case of stroke, respectively. Twenty-six recipients were recovered and discharged after successful weaning from ECMO, six died during ECMO support, six died after weaning from ECMO, five received retransplantation due to unsuccessful weaning from ECMO, and only one survived after retransplantation. Compared with the non-ECMO group, intraoperative cardiopulmonary bypass duration was significantly longer, the proportion of recipients requiring postoperative intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP), dialysis due to renal insufficiency, reoperation for hemostasis, infection, mechanical ventilation time≥96 h and tracheotomy was significantly higher, and the length of postoperative intensive care unit (ICU) stay was significantly longer in the ECMO group (all P < 0.05). The survival rate after discharge and 90-d survival rate in the ECMO group were 63% and 96%, significantly lower than 97% and 100% in the non-ECMO group (both P < 0.05). Survival analysis showed that the long-term survival rate in the ECMO group was significantly lower than that in the non-ECMO group (P < 0.05). After excluding the recipients who died within 90 d after heart transplantation, no significant difference was observed in the long-term survival rate (P > 0.05). Conclusions ECMO is an effective treatment of EAD after heart transplantation. The short-term survival rate of recipients using ECMO after heart transplantation is lower than that of those who do not use ECMO, and there is no significant difference in long-term survival of recipients surviving 90 d after heart transplantation.

2.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 275-282, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994665

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the incidence and long-term outcomes of postoperative renal dysfunction(RD) and explore the clinical predictors of postoperative RD to provide reference for preoperative evaluation and perioperative management of heart transplantation(HT).Methods:The relevant clinical data are retrospectively reviewed for 1 095 HT recipients.They are grouped into two groups of RD(352 cases)and non-RD(normal, 743 cases)according to whether or not RD occurred after HT.Two groups are compared to explore the clinical predictors associated with postoperative RD.For further examining the prognostic impact of perioperative renal dysfunction, the recipients are assigned into four groups based upon perioperative renal function.The long-term outcomes of four groups are compared.Results:The median follow-up period is 5.6 years.Among 352 RD patients (32.1%), there are new-onset(276 cases, 25.2%), occurring during postoperative hospitalization (99, 28.1%)and post-discharge until Year 1(111 cases, 31.5%).Compared with normal group, RD group have advanced age, greater body mass index(BMI), higher preoperative serum creatinine, longer cardiopulmonary bypass time, a higher ratio of male, diabetic history, preoperative RD, transplantation for previous graft failure, preoperative extracorporeal membrane oxygenerator(ECMO)and intra-aortic balloon pump(IABP); donors in this group had advanced age and higher ratio of male (all P<0.05).In terms of postoperative data, RD group had higher ratios of ECMO/IABP implantation, tracheostomy, infection, longer postoperative mechanical ventilation time, intensive care unit(ICU)stay and in-hospital stay than normal group( P<0.05).Long-term survival of patients with postoperative RD is significantly lower than that with postoperative normal kidney function( P<0.01).Long-term survival rate of patients with preoperative RD is significantly lower than that of those without preoperative RD, regardless of whether or not kidney function normalized postoperatively; long-term survival rate of patients with postoperative new-onset RD is significantly lower than that in those with normal kidney function( P<0.01).Advanced recipient age, higher BMI, existence of preoperative RD, postoperative cyclosporine dosing(versus tacrolimus)and cold ischemic time≥6 h are independent risk factors of RD post-HT. Conclusions:RD occurs predominantly within the first year post-HT.Advanced recipient age, higher BMI, existence of preoperative RD and cold ischemic time≥6 h are independent predictors of RD post-HT.The incidence of RD post-HT significantly affects perioperative and long-term survivals.

3.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 553-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978498

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of renal insufficiency before heart transplantation on perioperative death, complications and long-term survival, and to compare the differences between preoperative serum creatinine (Scr) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in preoperative risk assessment. Methods Clinical data of 1 095 heart transplant recipients were retrospectively analyzed. According to preoperative Scr level, all recipients were divided into the Scr < 133 μmol/L(n=980), Scr 133-176 μmol/L (n=83) and Scr≥177 μmol/L groups (n=32). According to preoperative eGFR, all recipients were divided into eGFR≥90 mL/(min·1.73m2) (n=436), eGFR 60-89 mL/(min·1.73m2) (n=418) and eGFR < 60 mL/(min·1.73m2) groups (n=241). Clinical prognosis of postoperative renal function, perioperative and long-term outcomes of recipients were compared among different groups. The effect of eGFR and Scr level on renal function injury and long-term survival after heart transplantation was assessed. Results With the increase of preoperative Scr level, the proportion of recipients undergoing postoperative continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) was increased, the proportion of recipients receiving postoperative mechanical circulatory support was elevated, the incidence of postoperative complications was increased, the duration of mechanical ventilation and intensive care unit(ICU) stay was prolonged, and the in-hospital fatality was increased. The differences among three groups were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). With the decrease of preoperative eGFR, the proportion of recipients receiving postoperative CRRT was increased, the proportion of recipients using postoperative intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) was elevated, the duration of mechanical ventilation and ICU stay was prolonged, and the in-hospital fatality was increased. The differences among three groups were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). Scr≥177 μmol/L was an independent risk factor for postoperative death [adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 3.64, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.89-6.99, P < 0.01]. Among different groups classified by Scr and eGFR, the cumulative incidence rate of postoperative renal function injury and long-term survival rate were statistically significant among three groups (all P < 0.05). In patients with preoperative Scr < 133 μmol/L, the cumulative incidence rate of postoperative long-term renal function injury was significantly increased with the decrease of preoperative eGFR (P < 0.01). There was no significant difference in postoperative long-term survival rate among patients stratified by different eGFR (P > 0.05). Conclusions Renal insufficiency before heart transplantation is associated with poor perioperative and long-term prognosis. Preoperative Scr and eGFR are the independent risk factors for postoperative renal function injury. Scr yields low sensitivity in the assessment of preoperative renal function, whereas it has high accuracy in predicting perioperative death risk. And eGFR is a more sensitive parameter to evaluate preoperative renal function, which may identify early-stage renal functional abnormality and take effective measures during early stage to reduce adverse effect on prognosis.

4.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 206-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920850

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the incidence of cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) after heart transplantation and the effect on the long-term survival of recipients. Methods Clinical data of 1 006 heart transplant recipients were retrospectively analyzed. Of 48 CAV patients, 4 cases were not included in this analysis due to lack of imaging evidence. A total of 1 002 recipients were divided into the CAV group (n=44) and non-CAV group (n=958) according to the incidence of CAV. The incidence of CAV was summarized. Clinical data of all patients were statistically compared between two groups. Imaging diagnosis, coronary artery disease, drug treatment and complications, postoperative survival and causes of death of CAV patients were analyzed. Results Among 1 006 heart transplant recipients, 48 cases (4.77%) developed CAV. Compared with the non-CAV group, the proportion of preoperative smoking history, preoperative hypertension history, coronary artery disease and perioperative infection was significantly higher in the CAV group (all P < 0.05). Among 44 patients diagnosed with CAV by imaging examination, 24 cases were diagnosed with CAV by coronary CT angiography (CTA), 4 cases by coronary angiography (CAG), and 16 cases by coronary CTA combined with CAG. Among 44 patients, the proportion of grade Ⅰ CAV was 45% (20/44), 30% (13/44) for grade Ⅱ CAV and 25% (11/44) for grade Ⅲ CAV, respectively. All patients received long-term use of statins after operation, and 20 patients were given with antiplatelet drugs. Among 44 CAV patients, 11 patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention, 6 cases received repeated heart transplantation, and 8 patients died. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis demonstrated that there was no significant difference in the long-term survival rate between the CAV and non-CAV groups (P > 0.05), whereas the survival rate of patients tended to decline after the diagnosis of CAV (at postoperative 6-7 years). The long-term survival rates of patients with grade Ⅰ, grade Ⅱ and grade Ⅲ CAV showed no significant difference (P > 0.05). Even for patients with grade Ⅰ CAV, the long-term survival rate tended to decline. Conclusions CAV is a common and intractable complication following heart transplantation, and the long-term survival rate of patients after the diagnosis of CAV tended to decline. Deepening understanding of CAV, prompt prevention, diagnosis and treatment should be delivered to improve the long-term survival rate of patients after heart transplantation.

5.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1757-1760, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956366

ABSTRACT

The perioperative shivering, as one of the adverse reactions during cesarean sections, has many bad influences on the parturients and the neonates. Several studies have already explored in the evaluation methods, risk factors, possible mechanisms, and effective prevention measures for the occurrence of perioperative shivering during cesarean sections. This article will make a review on the basis of literature, hoping to provide a reference for the prevention and treatment of shivering during the perioperative period of cesarean section.

6.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 239-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873737

ABSTRACT

Heart transplantation can save the life and improve the quality of life of patients with end-stage heart failure. Nevertheless, it is not suitable for all patients with end-stage heart failure. As a common complication of end-stage heart failure, pulmonary artery hypertension may increase the incidence of right heart failure after heart transplantation, which is associated with the short- and long-term fatality risk in the recipients after heart transplantation. In clinical practice, different transplant centers have different criteria for heart transplantation indications in patients with end-stage heart failure complicated with pulmonary artery hypertension. Accurate preoperative evaluation of surgical indications plays a critical role in determining the success of heart transplantation. In this article, the definition, pathogenesis and effects on heart transplantation, diagnostic methods and reversibility judgment of pulmonary artery hypertension, diagnostic treatment of reversible pulmonary artery hypertension and indications of heart transplantation in patients with end-stage heart failure complicated with reversible pulmonary hypertension were reviewed.

7.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 450-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881530

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the early outcomes of heart transplantation in critical patients and its significance in donor allocation decision. Methods Clinical data of 449 recipients undergoing heart transplantation were retrospectively analyzed. According to preoperative status, all patients were divided into the critical status group (n=64) and general status group (n=385). The incidence of critical status was summarized. Clinical data of recipients were statistically compared between two groups. Postoperative survival and causes of death in recipients between two groups were analyzed. Perioperative results of critical recipients undergoing different mechanical circulation support as a bridge to heart transplantation were compared. Results Critical patients accounted for 14.3% of the total number of transplant recipients. The proportion of critical patients gradually increased in recent 5 years. Compared with the general status group, the recipients in critical status group had a lower proportion of smoking history, a higher proportion of cardiac surgery history, a higher serum level of creatinine, and a higher proportion of primary diseases of heart failure before heart transplantation(all P≤0.01). The proportion of undergoing mechanical circulation support was higher, the incidence of complications was higher, the stay time in intensive care unit (ICU) was longer and the in-hospital fatality was higher after heart transplantation in the critical status group (all P≤0.01). The 1-year survival rate of recipients in critical status group was significantly lower than that in general status group (83% vs. 95%, P < 0.01). The fatality of recipients due to infection and multiple organ failure in critical status group was higher than that in general status group. Among 64 critical recipients, 1 recipient received ventilator alone, and 63 recipients underwent mechanical circulation support devices as a bridge to heart transplantation. Among them, intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) alone was applied in 49 cases (77%), 8 cases (13%) of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) combined with IABP, 4 cases (6%) of ECMO alone, and 2 cases (3%) of left ventricular assist device (LVAD) alone. Critical patients who received preoperative ECMO and ECMO combined with IABP bridging to heart transplantation have a higher proportion of postoperative complications, a longer ICU stay time, a longer mechanical ventilation time, and a higher proportion of hospital deaths. Conclusions The overall prognosis of critical patients undergoing heart transplantation is relatively poor. Effective preoperative management may reverse the high-risk status of critical patients in a certain extent. The limited quantity of donor heart should be allocated to the most urgent patients who can obtain the greatest benefit from heart transplantation.

8.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 813-818, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823430

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To summarize the clinical characteristics and the long-term results of pulmonary thromboendarterectomy (PTE) in the chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) patients with unilateral main pulmonary artery occlusion. Methods    We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 15 CTEPH patients with unilateral main pulmonary artery occlusion in Fuwai Hospital between 2004 and 2018. There were 11 males and 4 females aged 34.1±12.0 years at operation. Results    The mean circulatory arrest was 31.1±12.1 minutes. The ICU stay was 5 (2-29) d. The hospital stay was 15 (8-29) d. There was no hospital death. There was a decline in systolic pulmonary artery pressures (sPAP, 69.9±27.9 mm Hg to 35.1±9.7 mm Hg, P=0.020) after surgery. On postoperative V/Q scan, only 6 patients (40.0%) had significant improvement in reperfusion (≥75% estimated) of the occluded lung. There was no death during the median observation period of 49 months follow-up, while 2 patients had recurrence of pulmonary embolism. Conclusion    CTEPH patients with unilateral main pulmonary artery occlusion represent a challenging cohort. PTE is a curative resolution in both early- and long- term results, although there is a high requirement of perioperative management and a high risk of postoperative complications and rethrombosis.

9.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 410-414, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751730

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical efficacy of empirical therapy and diagnostic-driven the-rapy in the treatment of the hematological malignancies patients complicated with invasive fungal disease (IFD). Methods The clinical data of patients with hematological malignancies undergoing antifungal treat-ment in the Department of Hematology and Lymphoma of Cancer Hospital & Shenzhen Hospital,Chinese Aca-demy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College from August 2017 to August 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. A total of 68 patients met the inclusion criteria,of which,28 received the empirical therapy and 40 received the diagnostic-driven therapy. Then the differences of the incidence of IFD,IFD-related mor-tality,days of hospitalization and antifungal treatment between the two groups were compared. Results The incidence of IFD in the diagnostic-driven therapy group was higher than that in the empirical therapy group [27. 5% (11 / 40)vs. 7. 1% (2 / 28),χ2 = 4. 414,P = 0. 036]. While the rates of IFD-related mortality were 7. 5% (3 / 40)and 3. 6% (1 / 28)respectively,with no statistically significant difference (χ2 = 0. 459,P =0. 498). The number of antifungal treatment days in the diagnostic-driven therapy group was greater than that in the empirical therapy group [(15. 9 ± 3. 3)d vs. (13. 1 ± 2. 5)d,t = - 3. 654,P = 0. 001]. While the num-bers of hospitalization days were similar in the two groups [(20. 1 ± 2. 1)d vs. (19. 4 ± 2. 3)d],with no sta-tistically significant difference (t = - 1. 273,P = 0. 208). Conclusion Both diagnostic-driven therapy and empirical therapy are helpful to early antifungal treatment,and they should be performed properly combined with the actual clinical conditions.

10.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 57-62, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772121

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the association of genetic polymorphisms of norepinephrine metabolizing enzymes with postpartum depression and analyze the risk factors for postpartum depression in women following cesarean section.@*METHODS@#A total of 591 Chinese woman of Han Nationality undergoing caesarean section were enrolled in this study. The diagnosis of postpartum depression was established for an Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) score ≥9. For all the women without antepartum depression, the genotypes of catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT; at 5 sites including rs2020917 and rs737865) and monoamine oxidase A (rs6323) were determined using Sequenom Mass Array single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analysis. We analyzed the contribution of the genetic factors (SNPs, linkage disequilibrium and haplotype) to postpartum depression and performed logistic regression analysis to identify all the potential risk factors for postpartum depression and define the interactions between the genetic and environmental factors.@*RESULTS@#The incidence of postpartum depression was 18.1% in this cohort. Univariate analysis suggested that COMT polymorphism at rs2020917 (TT genotype) and rs737865 (GG genotype) were significantly correlated with the occurrence of postpartum depression ( < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that COMT polymorphism at rs2020917 (TT genotype) and rs737865 (GG genotype), severe stress during pregnancy, and domestic violence were the risk factors for postpartum depression ( < 0.05); no obvious interaction was found between the genetic polymorphisms and the environmental factors in the occurrence of postpartum depression.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The rs2020917TT and rs737865GG genotypes of COMT, stress in pregnancy, and domestic violence are the risk factors for postpartum depression.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Catechol O-Methyltransferase , Genetics , Cesarean Section , Depression, Postpartum , Diagnosis , Genetics , Domestic Violence , Psychology , Gene-Environment Interaction , Genotype , Haplotypes , Linkage Disequilibrium , Monoamine Oxidase , Genetics , Norepinephrine , Metabolism , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Postoperative Complications , Diagnosis , Genetics , Pregnancy Complications , Psychology , Risk Factors , Stress, Psychological
11.
Chinese Journal of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases ; (6)1987.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-594607

ABSTRACT

Objective To research the trichomonacidal effect of secnidazole benzoate in vitro.Methods Trichomonas vaginalis was cultured in liver extract medium in 96-well microplate.The culture suspension of Trichomonas vaginalis was divided into four groups:secnidazole benzoate, secnidazole, metronidazole and control, with medium as blank control.MTT colorimetric assay was applied to determine the inhibitory effect of secnidazole benzoate on the proliferation of Trichomonas vaginalis.The culture suspension was transfered into test tubes and divided into same groups to observe inhibitory effect by the classical microscopic counting method.Results After 24 h incubation, the proliferation of the parasites was concentration-dependent by secnidazole benzoate(t=9.02, P

12.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12)1986.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-534735

ABSTRACT

The anti-DNP and anti-OA IgE antibody responses of six strains of mice immunizedwith DNP-OA conjugate in presence of A1(OH)_3 adjuvant was investigated.Signifi-cant differences of the magnitude of serum IgE were found in anti-hapten and anti-carrier responses among strains.The primary and secondary anti-DNP and anti-OAIgE antibodies were elicited in NIH,BALB/c and DBA/2 mice after immunizationwith 1?g of DNP-OA.Among them NIH mice was the highest responder,whereasLACA,C3H and B6D2F1 mice were poor or nonresponders.In comparison the IgEresponse in BALB/c mice immunized with 1?g and 10?g of DNP-OA,the former de-monstrated a latency of primary response,but two groups had a very similar PCAtiters after 4 weeks of immunization.On the other hand,LACA mice gave a dose de-pendent IgE response.Profound primary and secondary IgE antibody responses can beonly seen in mice injected with 10?g of DNP-OA and PCA titer of anti-DNP washigher than that of anti-OA IgE antibody.However,no difference of IgE antibodylevels in NIH mice can be found between groups immunized with different doses.DNP_(4.7)-OA primed mice gave higher IgE response than that of mice immunized withDNP_3-OA.A prevailing anti-hapten IgE response was observed when higher dose ofDNP-OA conjugates was injected.

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