Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 14 de 14
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 874-882, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957657

ABSTRACT

Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune rheumatic disease that is characterized by skin fibrosis with multi-organ involvement. In China, the standardized diagnosis and treatment for SSc is still lacking. Based on the diagnosis criteria and guidelines from China and abroad, Chinese Rheumatology Association developed the current standardization of diagnosis and treatment for SSc. The purposes of this guideline are to standardize clinical management for SSc in China, to interpret the key evaluation tools for SSc, and to recommend therapeutic principle and strategies.

2.
Fudan University Journal of Medical Sciences ; (6): 127-133, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512751

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the current situation in Chinese rheumatologic physicians' clinical diagnosis and evaluation of Takayasu's arteritis (TA).Methods Nineteen rheumatology experts and three vascular surgery specialists in China were invited to make the nationwide investigation for the first time about the diagnosis and disease activity evaluation of TA in China,through the questionnaire survey on the internet.Weighted average was used to calculate the average scores of corresponding problems.Results Chinese experts mainly adopted 1990 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) classification criteria for clinical diagnosis of TA.In details,symptoms of age,limb claudication and amaurosis,signs including pulselessness or pulse weakening,vascular bruits,increasing bilateral pulse pressure and hypertension and acute phase reactants (APR) were critical to the clinical diagnosis of TA.Besides,noninvasive imaging examinations,such as computed tomography angiography (CTA),magnetic resonance angiography (MRA),vascular ultrasonography,and positron emission tomography (PET) were also of great importance.In the aspect of disease activity assessment,Chinese experts mainly used Kerr scoring tool.APR and noninvasive radiological examinations were considered with vital value.Some TA patients with carotid artery involvement were recommended using vascular ultrasonography,while others with pulmonary artery and thoracic/abdominal aorta trunk involvement were preferred CTA other than MRA.Conclusions APR and noninvasive imaging examinations were thought with great help to make clinical diagnosis and evaluation of TA for Chinese physicians.

3.
Journal of Modern Laboratory Medicine ; (4): 107-110, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-476086

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the analytical performance of ARCHITECT-i2000SR chemiluminescence analyzer in detec-tion of HBsAg,HIV-antibody,TP-antibody and HCV-antibody.Methods Validated the precision,carryover,ference interval of alpha-fetoprotein and linearity performance of ARCHITECT-i2000SR.The same specimens were tested by both CMIA and ELISA,and the results were compared and analyzed.Results The precision,carryover and ference interval of alpha-feto-protein of HBsAg,HIV-antibody,TP-antibody and HCV-antibody were within the range provided by the manufacturer for ARCHITECT-i2000SR.The theoretical and measured values of HBsAg were:Y = 1.102X - 6.678 6 (r = 0.995 5,P <0.05),the range of linearity 1.08~208.6.The sesult was very good for the four blood index by both methods.Conclusion The basic performances of ARCHITECT-i2000SR were consistent with the data provided by the manufacturer,so it canbe used to inspect the clinical samples and the sasults were credible.

4.
International Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 865-866,869, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-602090

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of Skp2 overexpression on the sensitivity of troglitazone (TRG) in breast cancer cells and to devote to develop a novel drug for increasing the patient survival rate and eventually reaching the cure goal .Methods The transcription activities of PPARγ were analyzed on peroxisome proliferators response element(PPRE) luciferase reporter .The flow cytometry analysis and CCK‐8 assay were adopted to study that overexpression of Skp2 was associated with resistance to TRG‐mediated inhibition growth and apoptosis of breast cancer cells .Results Our study found that overexpression of Skp2 inhibi‐ted the transcriptional activity of the endogenous PPARγ and resisted to TRG‐mediated inhibition growth and apoptosis of breast cancer cells .Conclusion Overexpressed Skp2 breast cancer cells is able to be resistant to TRG‐induced sensitivity of breast cancer cells .Furthermore down‐regulating Skp2 will significantly enhance the growth inhibition of TRG on breast cancer cells .

5.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 785-788, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-423089

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the adverse events occurred during tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-αblocker treatment in Chinese Han population patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS).MethodsThis study had enrolled 369 Chinese Han population patients with ankylosing spondylitis.They all received TNF-αblocker treatment in the hospital.All 1011 administration were recorded in total.All of them were evaluated for adverse events 2 hours after injection,126 of them had received long-term TNF-α blocker injection,and they were followed-up at week 8,12,52,104.Mild immediate adverse events and long-term adverse events were all counted.SPSS 10.0 software package was used for Fisher's exact test.ResultsThree hundred and sixty-nine patients had 1011 administrations in total,652 had received rhTNFR:Fc,316 had infliximab,21had etanercept,22 had adalimumab injections.Adverse events 2 hours after injection were:17 (2.6%) for rhTNFR:Fc,12 (3.8%) for infliximab,0 for etanercept,1 (4.5%) for adalimumab.Twenty adverse events were mild(12 for rhTNFR:Fc,9 for infliximab),5 events were moderate(3 for rhTNFR:Fc,1 for infliximab,1 for adalimumab),4 events were severe(2 for rhTNFR:Fc,2 for infliximab).The frequency of adverse events were comparable between rhTNFR:Fc and Infliximab injection in immediate adverse reactions (P=0.31).One hundred and twenty-six (69 rhTNFR:Fc,57 infliximab) patients had long-term usage,and were followed-up at week 8,12,52,104,39 patients had adverse reactions:20 (51.3%) for rhTNFR:Fc,19(48.7%) for infliximab.Thirty-seven patients had infectious events(94.9% ),1 neurological event(2.6%),and 1 patient had tuberculosis relapse (2.6%).Outcomes were comparable with rhTNFR:Fc and infliximab in long-term usage(P=0.69).ConclusionAttention should be paid to the above events in Chinese Han patients with ankylosing spondylitis who were treated with TNF-α blocker treatment.Special attention should be paid to those patients who are in their third or fourth injection.The occurrence of immediate reaction or long-term adverse events between rhTNFR:Fc and infliximab are comparable.

6.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 98-101,后插一, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-597252

ABSTRACT

Objective Using an in vivo adeno-associated virus(AAV)-mediated gene transfer technique,this study was designed to evaluate the protective effects of human osteoprotegerin(OPG)transgene against joint destruction in collagen induced arthritis(CIA)model.MethodsAfter CIA was established in the Sprague-Dawley rats,the experimental animals were treated with PBS or rAAV-EGFP or rAAV-hOPG (100μl/d)intra-articular injection 25 days after arthritis induction for 10 days.Paraffin-embedded joints were then analyzed histologically.The joint destruction was evaluated by Larsen Score.The protein expression of OPG,IL-1,MMP-3 was identified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA).Results Suecessful trans-gene expression was confirmed by the detection of OPG by ELISA and positive fluorescence of the frozen joint section. Image analysis revealed that the expression of OPG significantly protected against joint destruction by 30% compared with the CIA group. Conclusion OPG gene transfer mediated by rAAV effectively protects against bone destruction induced by CIA model. Those data suggest that gene transferring using rAAV-OPG may be a feasible and effective therapeutic approach to treat or prevent joint destruction in inflammatory arthritis.

7.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 175-177, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-395989

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical efficacy of ibuprofen arginate,a new nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug,with that of ibuprofen,in patients with rheumatoid arthritis or knee osteoarthritis and to evaluate the safety and tolerability of ibuprofen argihate.Methods This is a muhicenter,random,open,active comparator-controlled,parallel clinical trail in which 171 patients with rheumatoid arthritis or knee osteoarthritis were enrolled.Patients were randomized to 2 groups:400 mg of ibuprofen arginate three times daily and 400 mg of ibuprofen three times daily respectively.Clinical efficacy and safety were evaluated after 4-week treatment.Results Ibuprofen arginate,at dosages of 400 mg three times daily,had shown significant efficacy in relieving pain,tenderness and swelling of joints and there was no significant difference when compared to that of ibuprofen.There was no difference in clinical adverse effects between the two groups and no serious adverse effects were repofled.But ibuprofen arginate could initiate effectiveness more rapidly than ibuprofen in both rheumatoid arthritisand osteoarthritis patients.Conclusion Ibuprofen arginate has the same clinical efficacy and safety profiles as itmprofen in treating rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis.However,its onset is more rapid than ibuprofen.

8.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 397-399, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-394377

ABSTRACT

Objective This study was designed to investigate the expression changes of osteopro-tegerin (OPG), tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) mRNA in collagen induced arthritis(CIA) rats. Methods After CIA was induced in Sprague-Dawley rats, the experimental animals were treated with PBS or rAAV-EGFP or rAAV-hOPG (100 μl/day) intra-articular injection for 10 days. Messenger RNAs (mRNAs) were obtained from CIA synovium 40days after first immun-ization. Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reactions (RT-PCR) were carried out to detect the mRNA encoding OPG, TRAP, VEGF and β-actin, which acted as inner control. The genes detected clearly by RT-PCR were quantified using real-time PCR. Results The expression of all genes was confirmed by specific single bands in RT-PCR. Real-time PCR showed that the expression levels of TRAP and VEGF were increased, whereas those of OPG mRNA were decreased in CIA group compared with normal controls. The intra-articular gene transduction markedly increased the gene copies of OPG by 128.21% (P<0.01). The expression change of OPG in synovium also caused the decrease of the expression levels of TRAP and VEGF by 58.79% (P<0.01)and 17.85% (P>0.05) respectively, however, the expression change of VEGF was not statistically significant. Conclusion OPG gene mediated by rAAV can be successfully tranfered to knee joint synovium in vivo. The results of this study suggest that gene transfer using rAAV-OPG may be a feasible and effective therapeutic approach to treat or prevent joint destruction in inflammatory arthritis.

9.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 451-454,后插1, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-597283

ABSTRACT

Objective To study whether IL-1β, a catabolic factor of cartilage metabolism, induces premature senescence of articular chondrocytes, and whether caveolin-1 mediates IL-1β-induced cellular senescence. Methods Cultured human articular chondrocytes were stimulated with 10 ng/ml IL-1β. Cellular senescent phenotypes were analyzed by cellular morphology, cell growth arrest (flow cytometry), telomere erosion (Southern blotting), life span (population doublings), and specific senescence-associated β-galac-tosidase (SA-β-Gal) activity. Expression level of caveolin-1 was modulated by anti-sense oligunucleotide or transfection of caveolin-1 gene. Caveolin-1 protein was analyzed by Western blotting. Results Incubation of chondrocytes with IL-1β markedly increase the percentage of cells in G0/G1 phase and reduce the percentage in S phase. Single stimulation with IL-1β enables chondrocytes to become big and flat, and SA-β-Gal activity in chondrocytes is enhanced. Repeated stimulation with IL-Iβ resulted in accelerats erosion of mean telomere length, and shortens life span. Down-regulation of caveolin-1 with anti-sense oligonucleotide significantly inhibits the features of chondrocytes senescence induced by IL-1β. In contrast, caveolin-1 overexpreasion enhanced SA-β-Gal activity in the chondrocytes. Conclusion IL-1β induces features of stress-induced premature senescence and telemere-dependent replicative senescence of articular chondrocytes, which is mediated by caveolin-1. These data suggest that IL-1β induces premature senescence of articular chondro-cytes by upregulation of caveolin-1, which facilitates the development of osteoarthritis.

10.
Academic Journal of Second Military Medical University ; (12)1999.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-677991

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the changes of serum IL 1?,IL 6,IL 8,TNF ? and sIL 2R and its relationship with disease activity in adult Still disease patients.Methods:Serum levels of IL 1?,IL 6,IL 8,TNF ? and sIL 2R were assessed by ELISA in 18 adult Still disease patients before and one month after treatment with prednisone.Results: Active adult Still disease patients had significant elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and serum levels of C reactive protein (CRP),IL 1?,IL 6,IL 8,TNF ? and sIL 2R.After one month treatment with prednisone,ESR and serum levels of CRP,IL 6,TNF ? and sIL 2R significantly decreased.There was a significant correlation between ESR values and serum IL 6,TNF ? and sIL 2R levels,and between serum CRP levels and IL 6,TNF ? and sIL 2R levels.Serum IgG,IgA and IgM levels in active adult Still disease patients were similar to those in healthy controls.Conclusion: There are no changes in serum immunoglobulins but significant increases of serum IL 1?,IL 6,IL 8,TNF ? and sIL 2R levels in active adult Still disease.Serum levels of IL 6,TNF ? and sIL 2R are related to the activity of adult Still disease.

11.
Chinese Journal of Cancer Biotherapy ; (6)1994.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-581832

ABSTRACT

The effect of rhGM-CSF/IL-3 on apoptosis of Ara-C-induced myeloid leukemic cell line HL- 60 was investigated. The results indicated that treatment with rhGM-CSF/IL-3 in combination with Ara-C significantly inhibited the colony growth of HL-60 and enhanced the oligonucleosomal DNA fragmentation as compared with Ara-C alone. The Ara-C mediated apoptosis rates of HL-60 cells treated with rhGM-CSF/IL-3 fusion protein alone were markablely improved compared with treatment with rhIL-3 plus rhGM-CSF, it was noted that the Ara-C mediated of apoptosis normal peripheral white blood cells was less affected by rhGM-CSF/IL-3. It suggested that rhGM-CSF/IL-3 could be used as a possible curing drug during the phase of induced remission of leukemia.

12.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12)1987.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-552597

ABSTRACT

AIM To investigate the changes of vascular systiolic/relaxant function in sino-aortic denervated rats. METHODS Male Sprague-Dawley rats were underwent sino-aortic denervation (SAD). The sinoaortic denervated (SAD) rats were adopted as a model of arterial baroreflex deficit. SAD, isolated aortic-denervated (AD) and isolated sinus-denervated (SD) rats were instrumented chronically to record blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), BP variability (BPV), HR variability (HRV), arterial baroreflex function control of heart period (ABR-HP) and BP (ABR-BP). The vascular maximum contractile/relaxant function was determined through cumulative venous injection of phenylephrine (SBP max ) and nitroprusside(DBP min ) both after ganglionic blokade. RESULTS Acute SAD(1 week after operation) caused hypertension and tachycardia in rats. Eighteen weeks after operation, BP and HR values in SAD and SD rats were not different from those in sham-operated rats, but AD rats were hypertensive compared with control group. Though the 24 h mean BP values of chronic (18 weeks after operation) SAD rats was not different from those in the sham-operated rats, 24 h BPV of SAD rats was significantly higher when compared with sham-operated rats. ABR function in the acute SAD rats was significantly decreased when compared with sham-operated rats, whereas in chronic SAD rats, both ABR-HP and ABR-BP were higher than those in acute SAD rats, but were still significantly lower than those in control groups. 18 weeks after operation, ABR function in SAD and AD rats were significantly decreased when compared with those in SD and control groups. SBP max after phenylephrine and DBP min after nitroprusside were significantly higher in SAD, AD and SD rats than in control group. ABR function was negatively correlated to DBP min ( r =-0.677 for ABR-HP, and r =-0.681 for ABR-BP; P

13.
Academic Journal of Second Military Medical University ; (12)1985.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-565830

ABSTRACT

Protease activated receptor-2(PAR-2)is a G-protein-coupled receptor.Recent studies indicate that PAR-2 is mainly expressed in leukocytes and activated by pancreatin and(or)tryptase,which subsequently induces inflammation through degranulation of leukocytes.Activation of PAR-2 in leukocytes is possibly involved in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis.

14.
Academic Journal of Second Military Medical University ; (12)1982.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-552565

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between arterial baroreceptor reflex (ABR) function and target organ dam age (TOD) in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) .Methods:Twenty- four- hour blood pressure (SBP and DBP ) ,blood pressure variability (BPV ) ,heart rate (HR ) and HR variability (HRV ) were m easured in conscious, unrestrained SHR and Wistar- Kyoto (WKY ) rats.ABR function control of heart period (ABR- HP) and blood pressure (ABR- BP) were determined respectively.Hypertensive TOD was evaluated according to the scoring system.Results:SBP, DBP and their BPV were significantly increased in SHR compared with those of WKY rats.No difference of HR was found between the 2 strains,but HRV was significantly decreased in SHR when com pared with WKY rats.ABR- HP and ABR- BP of SHR were significantly decreased compared with those of WKY rats (P

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL