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1.
Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 35-38, 2022.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924534

ABSTRACT

The frozen elephant trunk technique (FET) for the treatment of acute aortic dissection is associated with more favorable remodeling in the descending aorta compared to those patients without FET, but it may also be associated with postoperative spinal cord injury (SCI) and actually,some postoperative SCI cases after FET are reported. Several risk factors for SCI are known and one of them is due to the occlusion of intercostal arteries from false lumen. A 71-year-old woman underwent total arch replacement with FET, but after surgery, she noticed decreased movement in both lower extremities and was suspected of postoperative paraplegia. She went through cerebrospinal fluid drainage but didn't get better at all. According to the preoperative contrast computed tomography images, seven out of ten intercostal arteries were originating from the false lumen and six of them were occluded after surgery. When most of intercostal arteries are originating from the false lumen and there is no entry inside the descending and abdominal aorta, the intercostal arteries may be occluded due to thrombosis of the false lumen and it may cause spinal cord ischemia after surgery.

2.
Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 96-99, 2022.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924408

ABSTRACT

A 46 year-old man underwent double valve replacement for valve insufficiency due to infective endocarditis. Upon withdrawal from extracorporeal circulation and administration of 8 units of fresh frozen plasma, a large amount of yellow serous secretion was aspirated from the trachea, and rapid and exacerbated oxygenation was observed. We determined that the patient was not congested, based on his hemodynamics; instead, he appeared to have acquired transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI). The patient was given a steroid infusion. By the time the patient returned to the intensive care unit, his oxygenation capacity improved and the secretions from his trachea decreased. The patient was weaned off the ventilator on the second post-operative day. Inhaled nitric oxide was very effective in improving oxygenation. We conjectured that TRALI should be recognized as a differential diagnosis for poor oxygenation after withdrawal from extracorporeal circulation.

3.
Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 235-239, 2021.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887099

ABSTRACT

Anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery is a rare congenital anomaly that can cause myocardial ischemia and ventricular arrhythmia. This disease initially manifests as cardiac arrest in half of patients. The indications and surgical strategy remain unclear, especially in patients who are asymptomatic and have poor ischemic findings. We report a surgical strategy to treat anomalous aortic origin of the right coronary artery. A 47-year-old man with a chief complaint of chest tightness was diagnosed with anomalous aortic origin of the right coronary artery, which branches from the left sinus of Valsalva and runs an inter-arterial course. Although no objective myocardial ischemia was identified with blood tests, electrocardiography, or cardiac catheterization, we suspected that the cause of the thoracic symptoms was sharp branching of the right coronary artery, which was compressed between the ascending aorta and the pulmonary artery. To reduce the risk of sudden death in the future, we performed reimplantation of the right coronary artery. Good imaging results were obtained, and the patient is currently undergoing outpatient follow up and has not experienced recurrence of chest symptoms. We conclude that our surgical strategy to treat anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery may be useful in the clinic.

4.
Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 196-199, 2020.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825977

ABSTRACT

A 51-year-old woman presented with a high fever and weakness and was diagnosed with mitral valve infective endocarditis. Medical treatment was unsuccessful, and the patient developed disseminated intravascular coagulation syndrome, multiple cerebral infarctions, and massive cerebral hemorrhage. She was transferred to our hospital for surgical treatment. On admission, she had motor aphasia and right-sided hemiplegia. Echocardiography showed mild mitral regurgitation with a huge mobile vegetation measuring greater than 20 mm on the anterior leaflets. Head CT showed a huge cerebral hemorrhage in the left frontal lobe. Chest radiography revealed severe pulmonary congestion, and laboratory data showed disseminated intravascular coagulation syndrome. Despite medical treatment, the pulmonary congestion worsened. There were concerns that a fatal cerebral infarction would develop, and so urgent open-heart surgery was performed. On the day after the cerebral hemorrhage had occurred, hematoma removal and decompressive craniotomy were performed to reduce the risks associated with cardiopulmonary bypass. Four days after the craniotomy, mitral valve plasty was performed following the complete excision of the infected tissue. Heparin was administered at our normal dosage as an anticoagulant during cardiopulmonary bypass. Postoperative head CT showed no aggravation of the preoperative cerebral lesion. The patient still had symptomatic epilepsy and difficulty performing exact movements with her right hand, but she was able to walk unaided after 1 year of rehabilitation. Generally, early surgery for infective endocarditis is not recommended if the patient has concomitant cerebral hemorrhage ; our strategy may be the safest option for patients in such a serious condition.

5.
Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 1-11, 2020.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781940

ABSTRACT

Purpose : Recently, the Japanese government has promoted reform of working practices. The working environment of medical professionals was no exception. In the present study, we investigated the current working environment and issues of cardiovascular surgeons, who are supposed to be working in one of the most demanding circumstances in Japan. Methods : In December 2018, the Japanese Society for Cardiovascular Surgery (JSCVS) sent a questionnaire to all JSCVS members via the internet to obtain basic data on the working environment including working hours, working items, income, and the issues to be solved for cardiovascular surgeons in Japan. Results : The JSCVS received responses from 634 cardiovascular surgeons (response rate 17%, 589 males/38 females). Respondents were primarily mid-career surgeons in their age of 40 s and 50 s. Four hundred seventy-three respondents (75.5%) and 176 respondents (28.2%) answered that they worked an average of 60 and 80 h a week, respectively. In addition, 249 respondents (40.4%) reported receiving no allowance for on-call work during off hours, after midnight, or on a holiday, while 345 respondents (56.6%) reported receiving no allowance for emergency surgery during off hours, after midnight, or on a holiday. Conclusion : Over 75% of cardiovascular surgeons reported being overworked without receiving an appropriate amount of income. Along with the reform of working style being made for the Japanese people, improving the working environment of cardiovascular surgeons is also an urgent matter to maintain healthcare for cardiovascular disease. Facilitating understanding of the issue by the Japanese people is of the utmost importance for the JSCVS.

6.
Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 344-348, 2020.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837411

ABSTRACT

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with apical aneurysm is known to have high risk of a sudden death due to ventricular arrhythmias or thromboembolisms. We report a surgical case of surgical case of this disease. A 67-year-old man was found to have abnormality in an electrocardiogram during his checkup, and subsequent careful examinations revealed his disease. He had no symptoms and the pressure gradient at the obstruction was about 30 mmHg, but there was thrombus in the apical aneurysm. After anticoagulant therapy, the thrombus dissolved. We scheduled an operation on him because he was judged to have high risk of a sudden death. In the operation, excision of the apical aneurysm, and hypertrophic midventricular myocardium were performed, concomitant with cryoablation to the border between the aneurysm and normal myocardium. Although complete atrioventricular block occurred postoperatively and he needed permanent pacemaker implantation, he was discharged from the hospital 21 days postoperatively without any other complications. He is doing well at two years and six months, postoperatively.

7.
Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 277-280, 2016.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-378629

ABSTRACT

<p>Central diabetes insipidus (CDI) is a disease that caused by insufficient or no anti-diuretic hormone (ADH) secretion from the posterior pituitary, which results in an increase in urine volume. CDI is controlled with ADH supplementation thereby reducing urine output and correcting electrolyte imbalance. However, reports on perioperative management for CDI patient are scarce, especially for patients who underwent cardiac surgery. We herein report our experience of the management of a CDI patient who underwent surgery for valvular heart disease.</p><p>The case is a 72-year-old woman who developed secondary CDI after pituitary tumor removal. She had been controlled with orally administered desmopressin acetate hydrochloride. She underwent aortic valve replacement and mitral valve repair for severe aortic, and moderate mitral regurgitation. Immediately after surgery, we started vasopressin div, which yielded good urine volume control. However, once we started to switch vasopressin to oral desmopressin administration, the control became worse. We thus made a sliding scale for subcutaneous injection of vasopressin every 8 h according to the amount of urine output, which resulted in good control. Overlapping administration of vasopressin and oral desmopressin between postoperative day 12 and 17 resulted in successful transition. The patient was discharged with oral desmopressin administration. Management with sliding scale for vasopressin subcutaneous injection after surgery was useful in controlling a CDI patient who underwent major cardiac surgery.</p>

8.
Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 79-81, 2015.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-376098

ABSTRACT

Early surgical resection for cardiac myxoma is necessary because it may frequently cause cerebral infarction. However the optimal surgical timing for the disease is controversial because the acute phase of infarction may induce intracranial hemorrhage. An 82-year-old woman referred to our hospital because of unconsciousness and right hemiparesis. MRI showed infarction in the left middle cerebral artery area and UCG revealed a left atrial mass. The fourth day after the onset, brain CT showed hemorrhagic infarction and MRI showed new infarction. There was no enlargement of the hemorrhagic focus on brain CT and the patient underwent surgery on the fifth day after the onset. The postoperative course was uneventful. Despite the existence of hemorrhagic infarction, open heart surgery may save patients with cerebrovascular event.

9.
Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 318-321, 2014.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-375624

ABSTRACT

A 61-year-old man underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for the right coronary artery. However, he had an acute onset of right neck pain and swelling after PCI. Contrast enhanced computed tomography (CT) revealed extravasation into the mediastinum and aberrant right subclavian artery. After transfer to our hospital, we performed emergency endovascular repair for iatrogenic arterial injury. His postoperative course was uneventful.

10.
Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 331-335, 2014.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-375623

ABSTRACT

Constrictive pericarditis after open heart surgery is a rare entity that is difficult to diagnose. There are various approaches in the surgical treatment of pericarditis. We performed a pericardiectomy on cardiopulmonary bypass via a median approach with good results. A 67-year-old man underwent mitral valve repair in 2005. He began to experience easy fatigability as well as leg edema beginning in January 2010 for which he was treated medically. The fatigability worsened in July 2012. Echocardiography at that time was unremarkable. However, CT and MRI showed pericardial thickening adjacent to the anterior, posterior, inferior, and left lateral wall of the left ventricle. Bilateral heart catheterization revealed dip and plateau and deep X, Y waves as well as end-diastolic pressure of both chambers approximately equal to the respiratory time. He was diagnosed with constrictive pericarditis and taken to surgery. The chest was entered via median sternotomy and cardiopulmonary bypass was initiated to facilitate complete resection of the pericardium. The left phrenic nerve was visualized and care was taken to avoid damage to the structure. A part of the pericardium was strongly adherent to the epicardium. We elected to perform the waffle procedure. After pericardial resection, cardiac index improved from 1.5 <i>l</i>/min/m<sup>2</sup> to 2.7 <i>l</i>/min/m<sup>2</sup>, and central venous pressure improved from 17 to 10 mmHg. Postoperatively, dip and plateau disappeared as measured via bilateral heart catheterization and diastolic failure improved. In the treatment of constrictive pericarditis, we should resect as much of the pericardium as possible. Depending on the case, this can be facilitated by median sternotomy and cardiopulmonary bypass.

11.
Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 240-243, 2008.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-361837

ABSTRACT

We herein describe the findings of a 32-year-old female was known to have had an electrocardiogram abnormalities and had avoided excessive exercise since her high school student days. She suddenly lost consciousness due to ventricular fibrillation (Vf) in July 2007. As a result she was taken to our hospital by ambulance. Emergency coronary angiography demonstrated an anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (Bland-White-Garland Syndrome). She therefore underwent surgery. During the operation, the main pulmonary artery (PA) was transected while on the cardiopulmonary bypass and the left main coronary trunk (LMT) ostium was detected. Antegrade cold blood cardioplegia was induced, and retrograde continuous cold blood cardioplegia was subsequently applied to the coronary sinus, thus obtaining a complete cardiac standstill. The LMT ostium was excised with a cuff of the main PA wall as a button. During further dissection of the LMT distally to the bifurcation, the LMT wall was injured, thus resulting in the need to repair it under deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) in order to obtain a bloodless surgical field. During core cooling, the LMT was anastomosed to the left posterolateral wall of the ascending aorta, then the LMT was repaired with a patch consisting of a non-treated autologous saphenous vein (SV) under DHCA. Several surgical techniques for BWG syndrome have been reported. Among these techniques, the direct implantation of the left coronary artery to the ascending aorta is the most physiological and therefore is considered to be the best technique. In this case, direct implantation was accomplished, however, the LMT also had to be repaired.

12.
Japanese Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 243-247, 2005.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-367085

ABSTRACT

Circulatory support devices have become an important component for transplantation programs as they successfully bridge unsalvageable patients who would otherwise die. Between October 1997 and April 2001, 6 patients in profound heart failure were treated with a percutaneous cardiopulmonary support system (PCPS), or with ventricular assist device (VAD), or with both PCPS and VAD. Two patients were treated only with a PCPS, and one weaned case survived. Another 2 patients, who had dilated cardiomyopathy, was treated with VAD. They improved hemodynamically, and their general conditions made them fit to be candidates for heart transplantation. Two other patients who had PCPS insertion before VAD died due to multiple organ failure. Before the application of VAD, the levels of total bilirubin were 14.9 and 20.9mg/dl respectively. In acute worsening of hemodynamics, PCPS is useful to maintain total circulation by quick application. However, long-term support with VAD should be considered to resuscitate impaired end-organ function by carefully selecting the timing of a VAD implantation.

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