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1.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 1-12, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010105

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Radiation therapy is one of the most common treatments for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the insensitivity of some tumor cells to radiation is one of the major reasons for the poor efficacy of radiotherapy and the poor prognosis of patients, and exploring the underlying mechanisms behind radioresistance is the key to solving this clinical challenge. This study aimed to identify the molecules associated with radioresistance in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD), identified thyroid hormone receptor interactor 13 (TRIP13) as the main target initially, and explored whether TRIP13 is related to radioresistance in LUAD and the specific mechanism, with the aim of providing theoretical basis and potential targets for the combination therapy of LUAD patients receiving radiotherapy in the clinic.@*METHODS@#Three datasets, GSE18842, GSE19188 and GSE33532, were selected from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database and screened for differentially expressed genes (|log FC|>1.5, P<0.05) in each of the three datasets using the R 4.1.3 software, and then Venn diagram was used to find out the differentially expressed genes common to the three datasets. The screened differential genes were then subjected to protein-protein interaction (PPI) analysis and module analysis with the help of STRING online tool and Cytoscape software, and survival prognosis analysis was performed for each gene with the help of Kaplan-Meier Plotter database, and the TRIP13 gene was identified as the main molecule for subsequent studies. Subsequently, the human LUAD cell line H292 was irradiated with multiple X-rays using a sub-lethal dose irradiation method to construct a radioresistant cell line, H292DR. The radioresistance of H292DR cells was verified using cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay and clone formation assay. The expression levels of TRIP13 in H292 and H292DR cells were measured by Western blot. Small interfering RNA (siRNA) was used to silence the expression of TRIP13 in H292DR cells and Western blot assay was performed. The clone formation ability and migration ability of H292DR cells were observed after TRIP13 silencing, followed by the detection of changes in the expression levels of proteins closely related to homologous recombination, such as ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) protein.@*RESULTS@#Screening of multiple GEO datasets, validation of external datasets and survival analysis revealed that TRIP13 was highly expressed in LUAD and was associated with poor prognosis in LUAD patients who had received radiation therapy. And the results of gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) of TRIP13 suggested that TRIP13 might be closely associated with LUAD radioresistance by promoting homologous recombination repair after radiation therapy. Experimentally, TRIP13 expression was found to be upregulated in H292DR, and silencing of TRIP13 was able to increase the sensitivity of H292DR cells to radiation.@*CONCLUSIONS@#TRIP13 is associated with poor prognosis in LUAD patients treated with radiation, possibly by promoting a homologous recombination repair pathway to mediate resistance of LUAD cells to radiation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Lung Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/radiotherapy , Cell Count , Combined Modality Therapy , ATPases Associated with Diverse Cellular Activities , Cell Cycle Proteins
2.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 136-143, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992817

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the performance of machine learning (ML) based on automated breast volume scanner (ABVS) radiomics in distinguishing benign and malignant BI-RADS 4 lesions.Methods:Between May to December 2020, patients with BI-RADS 4 lesions from the Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University (Center 1) and Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine (Center 2) were prospectively collected and divided into training cohort (Center 1) and external validation cohort (Center 2). The radiomics features of BI-RADS 4 lesions were extracted from the axial, sagittal and coronal ABVS images by MaZda software. In the training cohort, 7 feature selection methods and thirteen ML algorithms were combined in pairs to construct different ML models, and the 6 models with the best performance were verified in the external validation cohort to determine the final ML model. Finally, the diagnostic performance and confidence (5-point scale) of radiologists (R1, R2 and R3, with 3, 6 and 10 years of experience, respectively) with or without the model were evaluated.Results:①A total of 251 BI-RADS 4 lesions were enrolled, including 178 lesions (91 benign, 87 malignant) in the training cohort and 73 lesions (44 benign, 29 malignant) in the external validation cases. ②In the training cohort, the 6 ML models (DNN-RFE, AdaBoost-RFE, LR-RFE, LDA-RFE, Bagging-RFE and SVM-RFE) had the best diagnostic performance, and their AUCs were 0.972, 0.969, 0.968, 0.968, 0.967 and 0.962, respectively. ③In the external validation cohort, the DNN-RFE still had the best performance with the AUC, accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV were 0.886, 0.836, 0.934, 0.776, 86.8% and 82.5%, respectively. ④Before model assistance, R1 had the worst diagnostic performance with the accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV were 0.680, 0.750, 0.640, 57% and 81%, respectively. After model assistance, the diagnostic performance of R1 was significantly improved ( P=0.039), and its diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, PPV and NPV improved to 0.730, 0.810, 0.930, 68% and 94%; while the improvement of R2 and R3 were not significantly ( P=0.811, 0.752). Meanwhile, the overall diagnostic confidence of the 3 radiologists increased from 2.8 to 3.3 ( P<0.001). Conclusions:The performance of ML based on ABVS radiomics in distinguishing between benign and malignant BI-RADS 4 lesions is good, which may improve the diagnostic performance of inexperienced radiologists and enhance diagnostic confidence.

3.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 449-460, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982177

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Low-density computed tomography (LDCT) improved early lung cancer diagnosis but introduces an excess of false-positive pulmonary nodules data. Hence, accurate diagnosis of early-stage lung cancer remains challenging. The purpose of the study was to assess the feasibility of using circulating tumour cells (CTCs) to differentiate malignant from benign pulmonary nodules.@*METHODS@#122 patients with suspected malignant pulmonary nodules detected on chest CT in preparation for surgery were prospectively recruited. Peripheral blood samples were collected before surgery, and CTCs were identified upon isolation by size of epithelial tumour cells and morphological analysis. Laser capture microdissection, MALBAC amplification, and whole-exome sequencing were performed on 8 samples. The diagnostic efficacy of CTCs counting, and the genomic variation profile of benign and malignant CTCs samples were analysed.@*RESULTS@#Using 2.5 cells/5 mL as the cut-off value, the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was of 0.651 (95% confidence interval: 0.538-0.764), with a sensitivity and specificity of 0.526 and 0.800, respectively, and positive and negative predictive values of 91.1% and 30.3%, respectively. Distinct sequence variations differences in DNA damage repair-related and driver genes were observed in benign and malignant samples. TP53 mutations were identified in CTCs of four malignant cases; in particular, g.7578115T>C, g.7578645C>T, and g.7579472G>C were exclusively detected in all four malignant samples.@*CONCLUSIONS@#CTCs play an ancillary role in the diagnosis of pulmonary nodules. TP53 mutations in CTCs might be used to identify benign and malignant pulmonary nodules.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Exome Sequencing , Multiple Pulmonary Nodules , Carcinoma , DNA Repair
4.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 149-152,155, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691755

ABSTRACT

Objective To conduct the in vitro study on the changes of gene and biological characteristics of different esophageal interstitial fibroblasts after their indirect contact wish esophageal cancer cell lines.Methods The mRNA levels of Vimentin,α-SMA,TGF-β1,HGF,MMP2 and MMP9 in normal esophageal interstitial fibroblasts(NFs),atypical hyperplasia interstitial fibroblasts(AFs) and cancer related fibroblasts(CAFs) and PCNA mRNA in esophageal carcinoma cell line were detected after their indirectly mutual contact.The invasion test of carcinoma cell line was conducted.Results From NFs,AFs to CAFs,the expression of Vimentin mRNA had no difference.The mRNA expressions of α-SMA,TGF-β1,HGF,MMP2 and MMP9 were gradually increased.After indirectly mutual contact with esophageal carcinoma cell line,the mRNA expressions of α-SMA,TGF-β1,HGF,MMP2 and MMP9 in NFs and AFs were up-regulated,and the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05),while the related mRNA expression in CAFs had no obvious change.The expression of PCNA mRNA in esophageal carcinoma cell line had no change after contact with NFs,but the expression of PCNA mRNA was significantly up-regulated after interaction with AFs contacting with CAFs.Conclusion The esophageal carcinoma cells and esophageal interstitial fibroblasts could affect the proliferation activity and invasive characteristics of counterparts.

5.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 627-632, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510572

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Vascular endothelial cel s participate in the coagulation cascade reaction or contraction of blood vessels by secreting abundant coagulating substances that promote coagulation. OBJECTIVE:To overview the effects of different coagulating substances secreted by vascular endothelial cel s, and provide theoretical basis for the screening of coagulant biomaterials. METHODS:A computer-based research in CNKI and PubMed databases was performed for relevant literatures addressing vascular endothelial cel s and its secreting coagulating substances published from 1988 to 2016 using the keywords of“vascular endothelial cel s, endothelin, Ang II, TXA2, tissue factor, col agen, fibronectin, von wilbrand factor, thrombospondin, platelet activating factor, plasminogen activator inhibitor, proaccelerin, antihemophlic factor”in English and Chinese, respectively. Final y 36 articles were enrol ed for result analysis. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Vascular endothelial cel s can secrete numerous coagulation factors that play important roles in the process of coagulation, inflammation reaction and thrombosis fol owing vascular injury. Among them, coagulation factor V and VIII are directly involved in the coagulation cascade reaction and promote thrombosis. In the meanwhile, the vasoconstrictors narrow the lumen, thereby assisting coagulation and promoting thrombosis indirectly. Subject headings:Endothelial Cel s;Blood Coagulation Factors;Endothelins;Tissue Engineering

6.
Chinese Journal of Analytical Chemistry ; (12): 799-808, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619966

ABSTRACT

A method for determination of PCDD/Fs, PCBs and PCNs in soil sample was developed by using accelerated solvent extraction (ASE)-silica gel column cleanup-basic alumina column separation coupled with GC-MS/MS.The sample was extracted by ASE with Hexane-methylene chloride (Hex-DCM, 50∶50, V/V) at 120℃.The basic alumina column was used to separate PCDD/Fs, PCBs and PCNs.The extracts were eluted with Hex-DCM (95∶5, V/V) to obtain PCBs and PCNs, followed by Hex-DCM (50∶50, V/V) to obtain PCDD/Fs.The limits of detection (LOD) were in the range of 0.04-0.25 μg/L, 0.10-0.20 μg/L and 0.01-0.05 μg/L for PCDD/Fs, PCBs, PCNs, respectively.The relative standard deviations (RSDs) of average relative response factors (RRF) were below 13%.The recoveries of 13C-labeled internal standards of the three classes of analytes were 50%-95%, 51%-103% and 49%-74%, respectively.Concentrations of ∑PCDD/Fs, ∑PCBs and ∑PCNs in soil samples were 16.1-1148 pg/g, 6.6-152.6 pg/g and 10.9-99.5 pg/g, respectively.The results were consistent with that of high resolution mass spectrometer.

7.
Chinese Journal of Medical Imaging Technology ; (12): 921-924, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619713

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of Doppler ultrasound in the eady diagnosis,monitoring and assessing of renal damage in neonatal asphyxia.Methods A total of 60 cases of neonates within 24 h were divided into severe asphyxia group (Apgar score 0-3),mild asphyxia group (Apgar score 4-7) and healthy control group (Apgar score 8-10) according to Apgar score at 1 min after born.Then the peak systolic velocity (PSV),end diastolic velocity (EDV) and resistance index (RI) of renal artery were obtained by Doppler ultrasound within 24 h,on day 3,day 7,and day 10.The level of serum cystain C (sCysC) was also recorded accordingly.Results Within 24 h,compared with healthy control group,the PSV and EDV in severe asphyxia group and mild asphyxia group decreased (all P<0.05),while RI increased (all P<0.05).The PSV in mild asphyxia group returned to normal in 3 days,EDV and RI returned to normal in 10 days,there were no statistically significant difference compared with healthy control group (all P>0.05).The PSV,EDV and RI in severe asphyxia group were still significantly differences compared with healthy control group on day 10 (all P<0.05).Within 24 h and on day 3,sCysC in the mild asphyxia group increased obviously compared with healthy control group (both P<0.05).On day 7 and day 10,the differences of sCysC was not statistically significant between mild asphyxia group and healthy control group (both P>0.05).Compared with healthy control group,the sCysC in severe asphyxia group increased significantly (all P<0.05) on every time point.PSV and EDV were negatively correlated with sCysC,RI was positively correlated with sCysC.Conclusion Changes in renal function can be reflected soon by index of renal blood flow PSV,EDV and RI.

8.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 3777-3779,3782, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-605600

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expressions ofα‐SMA in different esophageal stromal fibroblasts in esophageal car‐cinogenesis .Methods IHC method was uesd to detect the expression of α‐SMA protein in stromal fibroblasts of twenty normal e‐sophageal tissues ,eighty precancerous lesions and fifty esophageal carcinomas respectively .Three kinds of esophageal stromal fibro‐blasts were cultured primarily and cells immunohistochemical staining was carrired out after being purified .Expression of α‐SMA was detected by RT PCR .Results IHC results showed thatα‐SMA expressions in normal ,precancerous and cancerous lesions were of significant differences .RT‐PCR results showed thatα‐SMA expressions were different significantly among three kinds of fibro‐blasts .Conclusion Esophageal stromal fibroblasts were activated with carcinogenensis .AFs was possibly the origion of CAFs .

9.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 766-770, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-476732

ABSTRACT

database until 2015-01, and all randomized controlled trials (RCT) upon (RVS) pacing and (RVA) pacing in Chinese population were enrolled. According to Cochrane Handbook 5.0.2 quality evaluation criteria, the publications were selected by 2 independent researchers and Meta-analysis was conducted with RevMan5.0 software. Results: A total of 16 RCT articles including 1199 patients were enrolled in this study. The research was divided into 2 groups: RVS group,n=602 and RVA group,n=597. Meta-analysis indicated that the following indexes in RVS group were better than those in RVA group: the differences between post-and pre-operation for the combination value in LVEF (MD=1.90, 95% CI 0.75-3.05,P=0.001), stroke volume (MD=7.08, 95% CI 2.39-11.76,P=0.003), QRS wave width (MD=29.13, 95% CI 5.71-52.54,P=0.01), LVESV (MD=2.04, 95% CI -4.22 to 8.31,P0.05. Conclusion: RVS is a relatively feasible pacing method in Chinese population.

10.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (24): 141-146, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-473570

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the incidence rates of cancer in the urban area of Shijiazhuang city, China in 2012 based on the data of 2,374,827 registered residents. Methods: The incidence of diagnosed cancer cases in 2012 was obtained from the hospital reimbursement database of the medical insurance center of the city by retrieving the records on first-time reimbursement applications for the hospitalization of tumor patients from January 1 to December 31 in 2012. Population census data was obtained from the Population Department of the Shijiazhuang Public Security Bureau. The site-specific and sex-specific age-adjusted incidence rates were calculated. Results:The overall incidence rate, the age-adjusted rate of the Chinese population (ASRC), and the age-adjusted rate of the world population (ASRW) for both men and women were 237.53, 129.86, and 167.71 per 100,000 individuals, respectively. The incidence rate increased with age and peaked in the 75-79 years age groups of men and women at 1,729.42 and 867.35 per 100,000 individuals, respectively. The top ten most frequently diagnosed cancers in males were lung, stomach, colorectal, liver, esophagus, kidney, prostate, leukemia, bladder, as well as lymphoma, whereas those in females were the breast, lung, colorectal, stomach, cervical, uterine body, ovary, lymphoma, esophageal, and liver cancers. The incidence rate and ASRW of all cancers combined in men were 269.05 and 187.52 per 100,000 individuals, whereas those for women were 207.57 and 150.44 per 100 000 individuals, respectively. Compared with the average incidence rates of 31 Chinese cities in 2009, the ASRW of lung, stomach, and colorectal cancers in males from Shijiazhuang was nearly equal to the national level;however, the ASRW of breast cancer in females from Shijiazhuang was higher than the national level. When the incidence rates of Shijiazhuang in 2012 were compared with those of Beijing in 2009, the ASRW of stomach and esophageal cancers in men of Shijiazhuang was twice that of the same cancers in Beijing. However, the same parameters for the pancreatic and prostate cancers in men, as well as the thyroid and uterine body cancers in women of Beijing, were twice the values for Shijiazhuang. Conclusion: The ASRWs of the major types of cancer, such as the lung, stomach, colorectal, and breast cancers, in urban Shijiazhuang in 2012 were identical to those of the 31 Chinese cities in 2009. Compared with Beijing, the incidence rates of pancreatic, prostate, and thyroid cancers were significantly higher in Shijiazhuang, whereas those of esophageal and stomach cancers were significantly lower.

11.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 950-953, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479454

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the risk factors for ventricular aneurysm formation in patients after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Methods: Our research included 2 groups of AMI patients who received percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in our hospital from 2012-04 to 2014-07 as Ventricular aneurysm group,n=146 and Control group,n=142, in which the AMI patients without ventricular aneurysm formation. The baseline condition with aneurysm related risk factors were analyzed and compared between 2 groups including age, gender, hypertension, hyperlipidaemia, diabetes, smoking, family history, MI history, anterior myocardial wall infarction, angina pectoris, left main (LM) disease, the lesion at proximal left anterior descending (LAD) artery, NYHA classiifcation III/IV, chest pain time ≥ 24 hours and ST-segment elevation ≥ 4 adjacent leads in ECG. Results: Compared with Control group, the patients in Ventricular aneurysm group had the elder age (OR=1.023, 95% CI 1.000-1.046), higher incidence rates of smoking (OR=1.819, 95% CI 1.130-2.928) and anterior MI (OR=9.162, 95% CI 4.657-18.028), more patients with ≥ 4 adjacent ST-segment elevation (OR=6.571, 95% CI 2.426-17.798), while less patients with angina pectoris (OR=0.557, 95% CI 0.335-0.927, allP Conclusion: Smoking and anterior MI were strongly related to ventricular aneurysm formation in patients after AMI.

12.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 208-212, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-453559

ABSTRACT

Objective To prepare the 99Tcm-labeled human epidermal growth factor receptor type 2 (HER2) affibody molecule ZHER2:342 and evaluate its receptor binding specificity in vitro.Methods The molecular ZHERa:342 was labeled with 99Tcm using the ligand exchange method.The labeling efficiency and radiochemical purity were measured by HPLC.The major factors,such as the mass of SnC12 and NaOH and reaction time were analyzed,and the optimal method was summarized.Cell binding kinetics and cellular retention of the probe were investigated in HER2-expressing SKOV-3 cells and MDA-MB-231 cells with low HER2 expression respectively.HER2 binding specificity of 99Tcm-ZHER2:342 was analyzed by a pre-injection of excess unlabeled ZHER2:342 to saturate HER2 receptors.One-way analysis of variance and two-sample t test were used.Results The optimal labeling procedure was as follows:5 μg (1 g/L) of ZHER2:342 was mixed with 5 μg of NaOH (1 g/L),then 8.8 μg SnC12(1 g/L,solution) was added,followed by 150 μl (37 MBq) 99TcmO4-solution,and finally the mixture was slightly vortexed and incubated for 1 h at room temperature.99TcmZHER2:342 was stable in vitro with a high labeling efficiency of (98.10± 1.73)%.The radiochemical purity was > 98%,and was more than 85% after the incubation for 24 h in saline and fresh human serum.The cell binding of 99Tcm-ZHER2:342 with HER2-expressing SKOV-3 cells gradually increased over time with a peak of (9.95± 1.02)% at 6 h.The binding of 99Tcm-ZHER2:342 in SKOV-3 cells was significantly higher than that in MDA-MB-231 cells at every time point (5.68-9.88 vs 0.56-2.11 ; t:from-34.50 to-13.14,all P<0.01).The labeled molecular probe retained the capacity to bind specifically to HER2-expressing SKOV-3 cells since the cell binding decreased from (9.95 ± 1.02) % to (2.11 ±0.27) % after receptor saturation (t =-13.14,P<0.01).Conclusions 99Tcm-ZHER2:342 has a high labeling efficiency,good stability and optimal binding specificity.These characteristics enable it to be a promising molecular probe for HER2-targeting imaging.

13.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 829-831, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-470594

ABSTRACT

Objective Influence of cover statement and clarity of the messages upon risk decision making about thrombolysis therapy in patients with cerebral infarction was discussed in the Scenarios of thrombolytic therapy for acute cerebral infarction.Methods Inpatients and outpatients with cerebral infarction were randomly divided into two groups:detailed / simple cover statement group.Every participant underwent obscure messages and clear messages with only one frame:positive or negative frame.Results In the simple cover statement group,both obscure messages subgroup and clear messages subgroup were not influenced by the framing effect with preference to the risk seeking.In the detailed cover statement group,participants in the clear messages group were not influenced by the framing effect(x 2 =0.19,P>0.05),while the subjects in the obscure messages group were actually affected by the framing effect,with the preference to risk seeking in the positive framework (x 2=7.90,P<0.01).Conclusion The risk decision making about thrombolysis therapy in patients with cerebral infarction is influenced by cover statements and clarity of the messages.To improve the rate of thrombolysis therapy,the patients should be exposed to the obscure messages in the positive framing information under the detailed cover statement.

14.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1075-1077, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319475

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression of promyelocytic leukaemia (PML) protein of PML protein in Bowen's disease (BD), skin squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and explore the role of PML in the pathogenesis of these diseases.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>PML protein in normal skin tissues and lesions of Bowen's disease, SCC and BCC were detected with immunohistochemistry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Normal skin tissues did not express PML protein. In BCC, PML showed rather low expressions in the skin lesions (8.69% in cell nuclei and 4.35% in cytoplasm). The lesions in BD and SCC (grade I and II) showed obvious overexpression of PML protein in the cell nuclei and cytoplasm, and its expression in the cell nuclei of these lesions was significantly higher than that in grade III-IV SCC.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PML protein may play an important role in the early stage of SCC, and its overexpression may contribute to the carcinogenesis and metastasis of SCC.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bowen's Disease , Metabolism , Pathology , Carcinoma, Basal Cell , Metabolism , Pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Metabolism , Pathology , Nuclear Proteins , Metabolism , Promyelocytic Leukemia Protein , Skin Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Transcription Factors , Metabolism , Tumor Suppressor Proteins , Metabolism
15.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 432-435, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-322030

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of topical treatment with adenovirus-mediated promyelocytic leukemia gene (PML) gene in a psoriasis-like mouse model.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The effect of adenovirus-mediated PML gene on the granular layer of mouse tail scale epidermis and epithelial mitosis were observed on longitudinal histological sections prepared from the tail skin and vaginal epithelium of the mice.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Adenovirus-mediated PML gene significantly inhibited mitosis of mouse vaginal epithelial cells and promoted the formation of granular layer in mouse tail scale epidermis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The therapeutic effect of PML gene in the psoriasis-like mouse model may be associated with increased granular cells and suppressed epidemic cell proliferation.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Mice , Adenoviridae , Genetics , Administration, Topical , Cell Proliferation , Disease Models, Animal , Epithelial Cells , Cell Biology , Genetic Vectors , Mice, Inbred Strains , Mitosis , Nuclear Proteins , Genetics , Promyelocytic Leukemia Protein , Psoriasis , Therapeutics , Skin , Cell Biology , Transcription Factors , Genetics , Tumor Suppressor Proteins , Genetics , Vagina , Cell Biology
16.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 30-31, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-384753

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the advantage of mild hypothermia and beating heart bypass in patch therapy for atrial septal defect. Methods 92 patients with atrial septal defect were carried out surgical repairing by mild hypothermia and beating heart bypass. Results There was no death. There was 1 case complicated by cerebral air embolism;The consciousness recovered after 3 days of operation. There were 2 cases of pneumonia. Conclusion The patch therapy of mild hypothermia and beating heart bypass for atrial septal defect had small influence on internal environmental,fewer complications,and could be easy to carry out,and could be the first choice.

17.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 764-767, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-421749

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the histopathological changes of bile duct,liver and local tissue for injurious biliary stricture(IBS). MethodTo observe the morphological and pathological changes of bile duct, local tissue and liver in different periods with dogs as the established animal model for IBS. ResultBile duct obstruction due to injury can expand the proximal bile duct up to 18.91 ±1.85 mm as the pressure goes up. Damage to local tissue triggers acute inflammation. In early injury phase (within 10 d), inflammatory cell infiltration and proliferation appears on the wall of the duct with increased mucosal edema as well as thickening of the biliary ductile wall. In the late injury phase (15 d), the degree of infiltration of inflammatory cells, edema and mucosal thickness were reduced whereas fibroblast and collagen tissue were proliferated extensively. The wall of biliary duct also becomes fibrotic and thickens. Quantitative analysis of the inflammatory edema shows the most severe outcome on the 5th day (HE staining WBC count of 54.2±5.8 unit) and its severity progressively subsides on the 15th day. (HE staining WBC count of 41.7±7.2 vs 54.2±5.8 a, P<0.0,5). In the early obstruction (5 d and 10 d), the liver cells showed mild to moderate swelling and its degeneration is often associated with steatosis and sinusoidal expansion and congestion. As the obstruction time increases in the 20 d and 30 d group, liver cells starts to show extensive vacuolation and sinusoidal occlusion. ConclusionsEarly phase (5 days) of acute bile duct obstruction due to injury shows rapid expansion of the bile duct, edema in the bile duct itself as well as its surrounding tissue and liver damage. After 15 days, the local inflammatory edema is greatly reduced and is replaced by hyperplasia of fibers and collagen. Liver damage appears to be irreversible after 20 days. Considering local environmental and systemic conditions, the optimal time frame to repair obstruction of bile duct surgically is between 10-20 days.

18.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 116-119, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-414575

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the pathological changes of tissues of the injured bile duct, and to provide theoretical basis for bile duct repair. Methods Dog models of obstructive biliary injury were established.Sixty dogs were equally divided into five groups according to the duration of biliary obstruction: biliary obstruction for 5 days (BDL5 group), 10 days (BDL10 group), 15 days (BDL15 group), 20 days (BDL20 group) and 30 days (BDL30 group). The morphological and pathological changes of bile duct and local tissues were observed, and biliary-enteric Roux-en-Y anastomosis was applied to repair the injured bile duct and postoperative complications were observed. All data were analyzed by LSD test, independent sample t test, one-way analysis of variance and chi-square test. Results Proximal bile duct rapidly expanded as the pressure increased in the early stage, and the bile duct expanded to ( 15.6 ± 1.8)mm in the BDL10 group. The expansion rate decreased in the later stage,and the bile duct expanded to (18.9 ± 1.9)mm in the B DL15 group. Acute inflammation was observed in injured local tissues. The acute inflammation was severe in the BDL5 group with white blood cell count of 54 ± 6, and the acute inflammation was relatively mild in the BDL15 group with white blood cell count of 42 ± 7. There was a significant difference between the BDL5 group and BDL15 group in the degree of acute inflammation (t =4. 688,P < 0. 05). The content of the collagen was increased in the injured bile duct as time passed by. Bile duct repair was successfully performed on 57 dogs. Ten dogs ( three in the BDL5 group, four in the BDL10 group, one in the BDL15 group, one in the BDL20 group and one in the BDL30 group) died of bile leakage after the operation. The incidences of bile leakage was 30% (7/23) within 10 days and 9% (3/34) beyond 10 days, with a significant difference between the two groups (x2 =4.429, P<0.05). Conclusion Ten days after obstructive biliary injury,an obvious reduction of bile duct expansion and edema of the bile duct is observed, the difficulty of the operation is reduced and the incidence of bile leakage is low, so 10 days after the incidence of obstructive biliary injury is the proper timing for the surgical repair.

19.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 118-121, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-414070

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the local-regional recurrence in thoracic esophageal cancer after radical surgery including two-field lymph node dissection and provide evidence for postoperative radiotherapy. Methods We reviewed local-regional recurrence for 134 cases with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma after radical surgery from 2004 to 2009. Results In 134 cases, lymph node metastasis rate,anastomosis recurrence rate and tumor bed recurrence rate was 94. 0%, 9. 7% and 3.7%, respectively. As to the 126 cases with lymph node metastasis, significant difference was detected between mediastinal metastasis, supraclavicular metastasis and abdominal lymph node metastasis (80. 2%, 43.7% and 13.5%,respectively, χ2= 113. 15, P = 0. 000). Furthermore, the relative metastasis rate in upper mediastinum,middle mediastinum and the lower mediastinum was 73.8%, 39.7% and 1.6%, respectively, the difference was statistically significant ( χ2 = 139. 11, P = 0. 000 ). Significant difference was identified between right and left supraclavicular lymph node metastasis (31.7% vs 16. 7%, χ2= 7. 81, P = 0. 005 ).To confirm the analysis above,lymph node metastasis rate of left recurrent laryngeal nerve nodes, (including region 1L, 2L, 4L and 5) ,right recurrent laryngeal nerve nodes, azygos nodes, subcarinal nodes, and 2R region was 38.9%, 43.7%, 15.1%, 34.1% and 25.4%, respectively. Conclusions The main characteristics of local-regional recurrence may be lymph node metastasis for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma after radical surgery. On the contrary, tumor bed recurrence is rare. Dangerous regions include supraclavicular nodes, recurrent laryngeal nerve nodes, azygos nodes as well as subcarinal nodes.

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Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 130-133, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413682

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the optimal timing of operation for experimental obstructive jaundice in a dog model. Method A dog model of bile duct stricture (BDS) was established. Dogs were divided into (n = 12 in each group) 6 groups, ie control, BDS days 5, 10, 15, 20, and 30. In each dog,the morphology and local histopathology of the bile duct, and the liver function in different periods were observed. At the time of surgery biopsy was taken and Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy performed. Surgical complications and survival were evaluated. Result After bile duct obstruction, the proximal bile duct dilated continuously. The diameter of bile duct was 15.6 ± 1.7 mm at the 10th day. The injury bile ductshowed the acute inflammation change. In the early time (in 10 days), inflammatory cells increased in the tissues, mucous edema aggravated, the wall was edematous thickening, it was most severe ( WBC counting 54 ±6) in the 5th day. In the later period (10 -30 days), inflammatory cells reduced, bile duct wall became fibrosis, which was most obvious in the 15th day (42 ± 7 vs 54 ± 6, P < 0.05 ). During the development of jaundice, serum bilirubin reached the highest level in the early period ( BDS days 5 group),then presented a platform time, and then rised extremely at the last stage of the experiment ( BDS day 30 group) . Changes of ALT and AST paralleled that of bilirubin before the 20th day of obstruction and then plummeted. BDS was repaired successfully in 57 dogs. Ten dogs died postoperatively due to bile leakage within 10 days, 3 dogs in BDS days 5 group (3/11), 4 in BDS days 10 group (4/12), one each in other groups. Postoperatively 13 BDS dogs died of malnutrition and organ failure within 3 months, including one each in days 5 and days 10 group, two each in days 15 and days 20 group, and 7 in days 30 group (P<0. 05). Conclusion Considering the changes of morphology, physical function and result of follow up.The period between 10 and 20 days after acute bile duct injury is optimal for surgical repair.

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