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1.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1446-1451, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997053

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To summarize the characteristics of children diagnosed with secondary subaortic stenosis after the surgical closure for ventricular septal defect and explore its potential mechanism. Methods     We retrospectively collected patients aged from 0 to 18 years, who underwent ventricular septal defect closure and developed secondary subaortic stenosis, and subsequently received surgical repair from 2008 to 2019 in Fuwai Hospital. Their surgical details, morphological features of the subaortic stenosis, and the follow-up information were analyzed. Results     Six patients, including 2 females and 4 males, underwent the primary ventricular septal defect closure at the median age of 9 months (ranging from 1 month to 3 years). After the first surgery, patients were diagnosed with secondary subaortic stenosis after 2.9 years (ranging from 1 to 137 months). Among them, 2 patients underwent the second surgery immediately after diagnosis, and the other 4 patients waited 1.2 years (ranging from 6 to 45 months) for the second surgery. The most common type of the secondary subaortic stenosis after ventricular septal defect closure was discrete membrane, which located underneath the aortic valve and circles as a ring. In some patients, subaortic membrane grew along with the ventricular septal defect closure patch. During the median follow-up of 8.1 years (ranging from 7.3 to 8.9 years) after the sencond surgery, all patients recovered well without any recurrence of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction. Conclusion     Regular and persistent follow-up after ventricular septal defect closure combining with or without other cardiac malformation is the best way to diagnose left ventricular outflow tract obstruction in an early stage and stop the progression of aortic valve regurgitation.

2.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1429-1432, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997050

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To summarize the treatment results of double aortic arch (DAA) by minimally invasive surgical technique. Methods    We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of DAA patients who underwent minimally invasive surgeries in our center between October 2016 and August 2021. Results    There were 11 males and 4 females with a mean age of 3-61 (20.00±18.80) years. There were 8 patients of DAA and 7 patients of DAA complicated with distal left-sided aortic arch atresia and ligamentum connection. All patients received operations through minimal subaxillary incision, 13 patients were through left side and 2 patients were through right side. One patient with ventricular septal defect was performed operations concurrently under the cardiopulmonary bypass through right minimal subaxillary incision. All patients had symptom improvement without surgery related complications or death in postoperative period. The duration of operation was 30-192 (61.93±40.19) min and mechanical ventilation time was 2-9 (5.33±2.53) h. The length of ICU stay was 18-124 (51.00±38.07) h and hospital stay time was 8-21 (12.67±3.42) d. All patients had sympto-matic relief with good growth and exercise tolerance during the follow-up of 6 (3, 9) months. Conclusion    Minimally invasive surgical technique is a safe, effective and cosmetic approach with good results for DAA treatment.

3.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1019-1024, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996843

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To evaluate the clinical outcome of valved homograft conduits (VHC) used for right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) reconstruction in Fuwai Hospital in recent 13 years, and explore the factors influencing the long-term durability of VHC. Methods    Clinical data of patients using VHC for RVOT reconstruction in Fuwai Hospital from November 2007 to October 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The Kaplan-Meier survival curve was used to evaluate survival, VHC reintervention and VHC dysfunction. Cox proportional risk regression model was used to analyze the risk factors for VHC dysfunction. Results    Finally 251 patients were enrolled, including 145 males and 106 females. The median age at surgery was 6.0 (0.3-67.0) years. Early death occurred in 5 (2.0%) patients. The follow-up was available for 239 (95.2%) patients, with the follow-up time of 0.3-160.0 (61.3±45.4) months. Five patients died during the follow-up, and the 1-year, 6-year, and 13-year survival rates were 96.6%, 95.5% and 95.5%, respectively. Eight patients received VHC reintervention during the follow-up, and freedom rates from VHC reintervention were 100.0%, 97.1% and 82.4% at 1 year, 6 years and 13 years, respectively. A total of 226 patients were followed up by echocardiography after discharge, with the follow-up time of 0.2-138.0 (48.5±40.5) months. During the follow-up, 46 (20.4%) patients developed VHC dysfunction, and freedom rates from VHC dysfunction at 1 year, 5 years, and 10 years were 92.6%, 79.6% and 59.3%, respectively. Univariate Cox regression analysis showed that age<6 years and VHC diameter<19 mm were risk factors for VHC dysfunction (P=0.029, 0.026), but multivariate regression analysis only indicated that age<6 years was an independent risk factor for VHC dysfunction (P=0.034). Conclusion    The early and late outcomes of VHC used for RVOT reconstruction are satisfactory, and the long-term durability of VHC is also optimal. In addition, age<6 years is an independent risk factor for VHC dysfunction.

4.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 884-889, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996636

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To compare the long-term durability of valved homograft conduit (VHC) in patients with Ross and non-Ross right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) reconstruction. Methods    Patients who underwent RVOT reconstruction using VHC in Fuwai Hospital from January 2008 to October 2020 were retrospectively included. Patients who received Ross RVOT reconstruction were allocated to a Ross group and patients who received non-Ross RVOT reconstruction were allocated to a non-Ross group. The survival and reintervention-free rates of the two groups were evaluated with the Kaplan-Meier survival curve and log-rank test. The propensity score matching analysis was performed on the patients who completed ultrasound follow-up in the two groups, and the VHC dysfunction-free rate was compared between the two groups. Results    A total of 243 patients were enrolled, including 142 males and 101 females, with a median age of 6 years (4 months to 56 years). There were 77 patients in the ROSS group and 166 patients (168 operations) in the non-ROSS group. The cardiopulmonary bypass time in the Ross group was shorter than that in the non-Ross group (175.4±45.6 min vs. 200.1±83.5 min, P=0.003). Five patients in the non-Ross group died early after the operation. The follow-up was available in 231 patients (93.1%), with the average follow-up time of 61.7±44.4 months. During the follow-up, 5 patients in the non-Ross group died. The 12-year survival rate was 100.0% in the Ross group and 93.2% in the non-Ross group (log-rank, P=0.026). In addition, 1 patient in the Ross group and 7 patients in the non-Ross group received VHC reintervention. There was no significant difference in the reintervention-free rate between the two groups (log-rank, P=0.096). Among the 73 patients in the Ross group and 147 patients in non-Ross group who were followed up by ultrasound after discharge, 45 patients (20.5%) developed VHC dysfunction. Before matching, the long-term durability of VHC in the Ross group was better than that in non-Ross group (10-year VHC dysfunction-free rate: 66.6% vs. 37.1%, log-rank, P=0.025). After the propensity score matching, 64 patients included in each group, and there was no statistical difference in the long-term durability of VHC between the two groups (10-year VHC dysfunction-free rate: 76.3% vs. 43.0%, log-rank, P=0.065). In the subgroup analysis, the 10-year VHC dysfunction-free rate in the Ross group was higher than that in the non-Ross group (71.0% vs. 20.0%, log-rank, P=0.032) among patients aged<6 years at surgery. However, there was no significant difference in the 10-year VHC dysfunction-free rate between the two groups (53.7% vs. 56.7%, log-rank, P=0.218) among patients aged ≥6 years at surgery. Conclusion    After the propensity score matching analysis, the long-term durability of VHC has no significant difference between the Ross group and non-Ross group. The long-term durability of VHC after Ross surgery is superior to that of non-Ross surgery in patients aged<6 years at surgery.

5.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 551-556, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996347

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To analyze the early outcomes of anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) patients with severe left ventricular dysfunction after surgical repair, and to explore the predictors for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support for these patients. Methods    The clinical data of ALCAPA patients with severe left ventricular dysfunction (left ventricular ejection fraction<40%) who underwent coronary artery reimplantation in the pediatric center of our hospital from 2013 to 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into an ECMO group and a non-ECMO group. Clinical data of the two groups were compared and analyzed. Results    A total of 64 ALCAPA patients were included. There were 7 patients in the ECMO group, including 4 males and 3 females aged 6.58±1.84 months. There were 57 pateints in the non-ECMO group, including 30 males and 27 females aged 4.34±2.56 months. The mortality of the patients was 6.25% (4/64), including 2 patients in the ECMO group, and 2 in the non-ECMO group. The postoperative complications rate was significantly higher in the ECMO group than that in the non-ECMO group (P=0.041). There were statistical differences in the cardiopulmonary bypass time [254 (153, 417) min vs. 106 (51, 192) min, P=0.013], aortic cross-clamping (ACC) time (89.57±13.66 min vs. 61.58± 19.57 min, P=0.039), and preoperative left ventricular end-diastolic diameter/body surface area (132.32±14.71 mm/m2 vs. 108.00±29.64 mm/m2, P=0.040) between the two groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that ACC time was an independent risk factor for postoperative ECMO support (P=0.005). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed that the area under the ROC curve was 0.757, the sensitivity was 85.70%, specificity was 66.70%, with the cut-off value of 66 min. Conclusion    ACC time is an independent risk factor for postoperative ECMO support. Patients with an ACC time>66 min have a significantly higher risk for ECMO support after the surgery.

6.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 531-535, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990555

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors of early delayed recovery after right ventricular-extrapulmonary arterial(RV-PA)conduit reconstruction.Methods:From 2017 to 2021, the children with RV-PA conduit reconstruction, who were treated in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed.The demographic data and peri-operative clinical data of the patients were collected for statistical analysis.Results:Fifty-five patients were included in the study.The patients were sequenced by the length of ICU stay.The time at the 75th percentile was defined as the critical value for grouping.According to the ICU stay time of the children, they were divided into normal recovery group(ICU stay ≤7 days, n=40)and delayed recovery group(ICU stay>7 days, n=15).The mechanical ventilator time in the whole group was 24(0, 1 408)h, and the ICU stay time was 4(1, 67)d.Six cases required extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support, and two cases died.In the multivariate Logistic regression analysis of two groups, long cardiopulmonary bypass(CPB) time( OR=1.034, 95% CI 1.009-1.061, P=0.009)and poor right ventricular function( OR=9.536, 95% CI 1.010-90.037, P=0.049)were independent risk factors for early delayed recovery. Conclusion:The risk of RV-PA conduit reconstruction is high.The proportion of ECMO support is increased.The mortality rate is higher.Right heart dysfunction and prolonged CPB time are risk factors for delayed postoperative recovery.

7.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 323-329, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923381

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To summarize the surgical experience of infants with transposition of the great arteries (TGA) and intramural coronary artery (IMCA) in our center, and analyze the early and mid-term outcomes. Methods    We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 384 infants with TGA undergoing arterial switch operation (ASO) from June 2010 to December 2018 at Fuwai Hospital. According to operative records, 21 (5.5%) infants had IMCA, among whom 20 were males, with a median age of 33 (9-319) d. Coronary transfer using double coronary buttons with unroofed intramural course was performed in all 21 infants. Results    There was no statistical difference in the early mortality after ASO between infants with IMCA and infants with normal coronary anatomy (9.5% vs. 3.0%, P=0.15). In the IMCA group, 2 dead patients presented inadequate coronary artery perfusion after first aortic unclamping. In addition, 1 patient underwent extracorporeal membrane pulmonary support for myocardial dysfunction. The follow-up was available for all 19 survivors, with an average follow-up time of 29.0-120.0 (74.8±27.3) months. During the follow-up, all patients had no obvious symptoms, death, reoperation, or coronary complications. One patient developed moderate pulmonary valve regurgitation and another patient developed distal stenosis of the right pulmonary artery. Conclusion    For infants with TGA and IMCA, coronary transfer using double coronary buttons with unroofed intramural course is a safe and reliable technique, with satisfactory early and mid-term outcomes.

8.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 85-89, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912997

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To analyze the surgical results of patients with supracardiac total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) in a single pediatric cardiac center. Methods    A retrospective study was conducted on 98 pediatric patients with supracardiac TAPVC receiving surgical repair from 2014 to 2019 in our center. There were 64 males and 34 females with a median surgical age of 3.0 (1.5, 7.0) months and a median weight of 5.0 (4.0, 6.0) kg. Twenty-three (23.5%) patients had preoperative pulmonary vein obstruction. Ninety-two (93.9%) patients received conventional surgical repair, while six (6.1%) patients were treated with the sutureless technique. The Cox regression model was used to analyze the data. Results    The median follow-up time was 26.50 (5.75, 44.25) months. There were 9 (9.2%) deaths. Lower weight at the time of repair (P=0.013) and prolonged cardiopulmonary bypass time (P=0.007) were associated with mortality. Postoperative pulmonary vein obstruction was observed in 8 (8.2%) patients. Associated risk factors for postoperative pulmonary vein obstruction included lower weight at the time of repair (P=0.042) and prolonged cardiopulmonary bypass time (P=0.002). Conclusion    Surgical repair of supracardiac TAPVC has achieved satisfactory results in our center. Risk factors such as lower weight at the time of repair and prolonged cardiopulmonary bypass time are associated with a poor prognosis.

9.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 622-624, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958451

ABSTRACT

Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection is a rare congenital heart disease. The treatment of the disease itself and postoperative pulmonary vein obstruction(PVO)is a difficult problem for cardiac surgeons. The purpose of this paper is to summarize the progress of research on PVO after TAPVC repair in recent years at home and abroad, and to describe its definition, mechanism, pathological typing, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and risk factors, in order to be able to correctly understand PVO, provide opinions for choosing reasonable treatment and reduce the occurrence of postoperative PVO.

10.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 619-623, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934906

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To introduce a modified sutureless technique and its surgical results in the treatment of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC). Methods    Clinical data of 11 patients with TAPVC who underwent the modified sutureless technique treatment from 2014 to 2019 in our center were retrospectively analyzed, including 4 males and 7 females. The median surgical age was 1.4 (0.3, 27.0) months. The median weight was 4.3 (3.5, 8.5) kg. Six (54.5%) patients were of supracardiac subtype, and five (45.5%) patients were of infracardiac subtype. Five (45.5%) patients had preoperative severe pulmonary hypertension, and three (27.3%) patients had preoperative pulmonary vein obstruction. The surgical results were compared with those of 10 patients treated with conventional surgical technique. Results    The median follow-up was 12 (range, 1-65) months. During the follow-up, no death or postoperative pulmonary vein obstruction occurred in the modified sutureless technique group. The perioperative data and relief of re-obstruction were superior in the modified sutureless technique group, but the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). The postoperative survival of the the modified sutureless technique group was better than that of the traditional surgery group (P=0.049). Conclusion    The modified sutureless technique which includes partial suture and then incising, and eversion of pulmonary vein incision, is a safe and reliable method for the treatment of TAPVC with satisfactory short-term results.

11.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 233-237, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920826

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To evaluate the mid- and long-term outcomes of different surgical techniques for subaortic stenosis. Methods    The clinical data of 75 patients with subaortic stenosis who underwent surgery in our hospital from January 2008 to January 2018 were retrospectively analyzed, including 48 males and 27 females, with a median age of 72 (48, 132) months and mean weight of 21.35±15.82 kg. There were 40 (53.3%) patients combined with aortic regurgitation; 38 (50.7%) patients were the first time and 37 patients were the second time to receive the operation. According to the surgical techniques, 75 patients were divided into two groups: a group A (40 patients with simple subaortic membrane resection) and a group B (35 patients with subaortic membrane and muscle resection or modified Konno procedure). Results    Two (2.67%) patients died in hospital. There was one late death in the group B. The average preoperative and postoperative pressure gradient of all patients was 69.96±42.02 mm Hg and 7.44±12.45 mm Hg, respectively. All patients were followed up for 51 (12, 120) months. Pressure gradient at follow-up in the group A and the group B was 8.83±14.52 mm Hg and 5.86±9.53 mm Hg, respectively with no statistical difference (P=0.294). Four patients in the group A and 2 patients in the group B needed reintervention. However, there was no statistical difference in the long-term reintervention rate between the two groups (P=0.480). Conclusion    For the different degree of lesions in the left ventricular outflow tract, our management strategy is feasible. Although there is no statistical difference between two the groups in the long-term reintervention rate after simple valvular membrane resection, prolonged follow-up is necessary to examine the long-term outcomes of different surgical techniques.

12.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1455-1460, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906592

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore risk factors associated with mortality and restenosis after the surgery for congenital pulmonary venous stenosis (CPVS) combined with congenital heart disease. Methods    From May 2007 to August 2019, 58 patients received surgical relief of CPVS combined with congenital heart disease, including 24 males and 34 females, aged 17.2±26.3 months, weighing 8.8±8.2 kg. Endpoints were death and restenosis, and the risk factors were analyzed. A univariate and multivariate risk analyses were performed. Results    Preoperative pulmonary venous stenosis severity score (PVSSS) was 4.5±2.7. Average pulmonary vein counts with CPVS was 1.9±1.0. There were 2 (3.4%) early deaths. The mean follow-up time was 2-145 (49.8±40.0) months. The 1-, 2-, 3- and 5-year overall survival rates were 86.7%, 81.3%, 78.5% and 73.6%, respectively, and the pulmonary venous restenosis-free rates were 79.6%, 68.5%, 68.5% and 68.5%, respectively. Preterm birth was an independent risk factor for mortality. The pulmonary venous peak flow rate ≥ 1.2 m/s at discharge was an independent risk factor for mortality and restenosis. Conclusion    The prognosis of CPVS is still poor. Postoperative residual stenosis at discharge is an independent risk factor for death and restenosis.

13.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1242-1247, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904661

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the best anatomical classification, surgical timing, procedure and clinical outcomes of congenital vascular ring. Methods    The clinical data of 58 patients who underwent congenital vascular ring surgery in Pediatric Surgery Center, Fuwai Hospital between 2014 and 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 32 (55.2%) males and 26 (44.8%) females with a median age of 16.5 (2-73) months. Preoperative symptoms, imaging examinations, anatomical classifications, surgical procedures and postoperative recovery were assessed. Results    There were 20 (34.5%) patients of double aortic arch, 22 (37.9%) patients of right aortic arch with left arterial duct or ligament, 15 (25.9%) patients of left aortic arch with aberrant right subclavian artery, and 1 (1.7%) patient of circumflex aorta with cervical aorta arch. The median ventilator supporting time was 6.0 (0-648) h, and the median hospital stay time was 14.5 (7-104) d. One patient with coarctation of aorta died of severe pulmonary infection during perioperative period, and the others survived without symptoms and reoperation after discharge. The median follow-up time was 7.0 (1-62) months. Conclusion    For children with unexplained dyspnea and dysphagia, or with right aortic arch, preoperative imaging examinations such as computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging are required to confirm the diagnosis of vascular ring. Surgical correction of congenital vascular ring is safe and reliable, and can effectively relieve symptoms. The mortality rate and reoperation rate are low, and the follow-up results are satisfactory.

14.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 447-452, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876075

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore the operative strategy after palliative shunt for correcting congenitally corrected transposition of great artery (cTGA) patients with left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) and cardiac malpostion. Methods    We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 54 patients with onsecutive cTGA with LVOTO and cardiac malpositon from June 2011 to May 2019. The patients were devided into two groups. There were 24 patients (16 males and 8 females at mean age of 5.4±2.2 years) who underwent one and a half ventricle repair as a one and half ventricle group. And there were 30 patients (19 males and 11 females at age of 8.6±6.2 years) who underwent one ventricle repair operation as a one ventricle group. Follow-up data were collected by telephone interviews. Results    There was no statistical difference in systemic atrioventricular valve regurgitation and systemic ventricular ejection fraction between the two groups (P>0.05). Compared with one and a half ventricle group, the cardiopulmonary bypass time (CPB) time, mechanical ventilation time and intensive care unit stay were significant shorter than those in the one ventricle group (P<0.05), but prolonged pleural effusions developed more frequently in the one ventricle repair group (P<0.05). There was no in-hospital death but 1 follow-up death in each group. The follow-up time was 49 (17-38) months in the one and half ventricle group at follow-up rate of 93.9%, and 47 (12-85) months at follow-up rate at 90.9% in the one ventricle group. One and a half ventricle group had better systemic ventricular ejection fraction (EF) than that in the one ventricle repair group. And the rate of heart function (NYHA) class Ⅲ and class Ⅳ in one and a half ventricle group was lower than that in the ventricle group. No significant difference of survival and freedom from re-intervention probability between the two groups was found. Conclusion    For patients of correction of cTGA with LVOTO and cardiac malposition after palliative shunt, the one-and-a-half ventricular repair procedure is ideal operative strategy.

15.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 427-434, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876072

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore the appropriate method of biventricular repair and analyze the risk factors for reoperation, by summarizing the 15-year treatment experience of biventricular repair for double outlet right ventricle with non-committed ventricular septal defect (DORVncVSD). Methods    Clinical data of 162 consecutive patients with DORVncVSD who had biventricular repair from 2005 to 2019 in our center were retrospectively analyzed. The children were divided into two groups according to the path of intracardiac tunnel: 110 patients with ventricular septal defect rerouted to the aorta were recruited into a group A (75 males and 35 females aged 3.6±3.2 years); 52 patients with ventricular septal defect rerouted to the pulmonary artery were into a group B (30 males and 22 females aged 2.8±2.7 years). In order to establish a smooth intracardiac tunnel, enlargement of VSD, the resection of conus muscle and the transfer of tricuspid tendon or papillary muscle, etc were performed at the same time. Results    In the patients with biventricular repair, there were 9 (5.6%) early deaths and 6 (3.7%) early intracardiac baffle obstructions. During the follow-up of 7.5±7.0 years, and 8 (4.9%) late deaths occurred. The 1-year, 5-year, 10-year and 15-year survival rates of the group A were 92.7%, 91.1%, 91.1%, 85.4%, respectively and those of the group B were 92.2%, 85.2%, 85.2%, 85.2%, respectively. The difference between the two groups was not statistically significant (P=0.560). The follow-up results showed that 10 (6.2%) patients had late-onset intracardiac tunnel obstruction, and 8 patients underwent reoperation. There were more late-onset intracardiac tunnel obstruction patients and overall intracardiac tunnel obstruction patients in the group A than those in the group B (9 patients vs. 1 patient, P=0.017; 15 patients vs. 1 patient, P=0.001). No significant difference of early mortality and late mortality was noted for the group A (P=0.386) and the group B (P=0.223). Also it was noted that performing tricuspid valve operation at the same time in the group A had a significant impact to reduce the occurrence rate of intracardiac obstruction (1/46 vs. 15/64, P=0.004), without any tricuspid regurgitation or stenosis. The reoperation rate of patients with Rastelli after right ventricular outflow tract lesions was significantly higher than that of REV surgery and double root replacement surgery (5/14 vs. 0/38, P<0.001). Conclusion    The effect of biventricular repair for DORVncVSD is satisfactory. And concomitant tricuspid procedures can help reduce the occurrence of intracardiac obstructions. Reconstruction of right ventricular outflow tract with biological valved conduit is a risk factor for reoperation.

16.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 421-426, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876071

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To report the short-term outcomes of a standardized, simplified and reproducible strategy of mitral valvuloplasty (MVP), which was focused on leaflet foldoplasty and anatomic anomalies of congenital mitral regurgitation (MR). Methods    Consecutive 74 patients who underwent MVP by our standardized strategy in our institution from 2016 to 2018 were included retrospectively. There were 30 males and 44 females with a median age of 18.5 (6-146) months and weight of 15.4 (7-51) kg. Results    Anatomic anomalies of MR included: (1) subvalvular apparatus: 72 (97.3%) patients with mal-connected chordae tendineae, 31 (41.9%) with absent chordae tendineae and 14 (18.9%) with fused or dysplastic papillary muscle; (2) leaflet: 10 (13.5%) patients with cleft of anterior leaflet, 61 (82.4%) with leaflet prolapse including 56 (91.8%) with anterior leaflet prolapse; (3) annulus: 71 (95.9%) patients with annular dilatation. Leaflet foldoplasty was performed in 61 (82.4%) patients with leaflet prolapse. All patients were successfully discharged and 4 (5.4%) patients were with moderate MR. The follow-up time was 22.0 (9.1-41.8) months. During the follow-up period, 3 patients had moderate MR and 1 patient had reoperation for severe MR. All patients were in normal cardiac function with a mean left ventricular ejection fraction of 66.0%±6.1%. In addition, the mean left ventricular end-diastolic dimension was 31.8±6.0 mm, which was significant smaller than that before the operation (t=6.090, P<0.000 1). Conclusion    The standardized leaflet foldoplasty with resection of mal-connected chordae tendineae and posterior annuloplasty technique is safe and feasible with favorable short-term outcomes in MR patients.

17.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 409-415, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876069

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To identify the risk factors of postoperative blood loss among pediatric patients following corrective operation of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) and to develop nomogram predicting the risk of postoperative blood loss. Methods    A retrospective case-control study was conducted in pediatric TOF patients who underwent corrective operation in our hospital from November 2018 to June 2019. And the clinical data from each enrolled patient were gathered and analyzed. Clinically significant postoperative blood loss was defined as drainage volume from chest tube ≥ 16 mL/kg during the first 24 h after surgery, which corresponded to the 75th percentile of the blood loss in our population. The primary outcome was to determine the independent predictors of postoperative blood loss by the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression, univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis. On the basis of the independent predictors of postoperative bleeding, nomogram was developed and its discrimination and calibration were estimated. Results    A total of 105 children were selected (67 males and 38 females aged 3-72 months). The drainage volume from chest tube in the bleeding group was significantly higher than that in the non-bleeding group during the first 24 h (P<0.000 1). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that low body weight (OR=0.538, 95%CI 0.369-0.787, P=0.001), high preoperative hemoglobin concentration (OR=1.036, 95%CI 1.008-1.066, P=0.013) and prolonged intraoperative aortic cross clamp time (OR=1.022, 95%CI 1.000-1.044, P=0.048) were independent risk factors for postoperative blood loss. In the internal validation, the model displayed good discrimination with a C-index of 0.835 (95%CI 0.745-0.926) and high quality of calibration plots in nomogram models was noticed. Conclusion    The nomogram demonstrated good discrimination and calibration in estimating the risk of postoperative blood loss among pediatric patients following corrective operation of TOF.

18.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 404-408, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876068

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To evaluate mid-term outcomes of pulmonary valve replacement surgery after repair of tetralogy of Fallot. Methods    A total of 73 patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot who underwent pulmonary valve replacement surgery in our hospital from January 2010 to January 2020 were enrolled, including 42 males and 31 females. The median age was 3.9 (0.2-42.8) years at initial repair and 20.0 (2.0-50.0) years at pulmonary valve replacement. The clinical data of the patients were recorded and analyzed. Results    There was no death in postoperative 30 d. The average follow-up time was 35.6±28.5 months, and no death occurred during the follow-up. One patient underwent a second reintervention after initial pulmonary valve replacement. The 1- and 5-year survival rates were both 100.0%, the 1- and 5-year reintervention-free rates were both 100.0%, and the 1- and 5-year valve failure-free rates were 100.0% and 67.1%. There was no significant difference in valve failure-free rates between different age groups (P=0.49) and different type of valve groups (P=0.74). The right (P=0.006) and left (P=0.002) ventricular ejection fractions were significantly improved, and the QRS duration was shortened after pulmonary valve replacement (P=0.006). Conclusion    Mid-term outcomes of surgical pulmonary valve replacement were satisfactory in patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot, while the long-term effects should be further emphasized in clinical practice.

19.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 60-63, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873548

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To analyze the results of surgical treatment of severe aortic stenosis in infants. Methods    From August 2012 to December 2019, 28 infants undergoing aortic valvuloplasty in our hospital were selected, including 22 males and 6 females, aged 62.00 (47.00, 82.50) d. The baseline characteristics of the patients, postoperative complications and follow-up results were analyzed. Results    Twenty (71.43%) patients had bicuspid aortic valves. Five (17.86%) patients had heart failure and two (7.14%) patients used prostaglandin before surgeries. Postoperative mechanical ventilation time was 25.00 (17.00, 62.75) h, ICU stay was 3.50 (2.00, 8.50) d and postoperative hospital stay was 10.00 (7.00, 16.50) d. Four (14.29%) patients got delayed recovery (ICU stay>14 d). One (3.57%) perioperative death was observed. The follow-up time was 55.00 (43.25, 82.25) months. No death was found during follow-up. Four (14.81%) patients underwent a second operation, including three (11.11%) patients with severe aortic stenosis, and one (3.70%) patient with severe regurgitation. Conclusion    Infants with severe aortic stenosis are seriously ill and have a long postoperative recovery time, requiring early surgery. The postoperative follow-up results are satisfactory.

20.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 48-53, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873546

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To analyze the Ebstein anomaly's reoperative strategy and mid- to long-term results. Methods    We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data of 23 patients who diagnosed with Ebstein anomaly and underwent reoperation for tricuspid valve insufficiency between July 2002 and July 2017 in Fuwai Hospital. There were 9 (39.1%) males and 14 (60.9%) females, with a median age of 28.0 (19.0, 45.0) years. Results    Among the 23 patients, 8 (34.8%) underwent tricuspid valvuloplasty and 15 (65.2%) underwent tricuspid valve replacement. The rate of valvuloplasty was 16.7% before 2012, and 54.5% after 2012 (P=0.089) as Cone reconstruction procedure was used. In the valvuloplasty cohort, 3 (37.5%) patients were treated with Danielson or Carpentier technique, and 5 (62.5%) patients were treated with Cone reconstruction procedure. There was no operation-related death. Early complications occurred in 3 (37.5%) patients. The median follow-up was 6.9 years (range, 3.0-15.1 years), and no adverse cardiac events occurred. In the patients with valve replacement, 7 (46.7%) received mechanical prosthesis and 8 (53.3%) received bio-prosthesis. There was no operation-related death. And early complications were observed in 3 (20.0%) patients. The median follow-up was 6.5 years (range, 2.5-15.3 years). One (6.3%) patient died and 4 (26.7%) had long-term complications during the follow-up period. Conclusion    The mid- to long-term outcomes are convincing in patients who undergo the second operation due to recurrent tricuspid regurgitation of Ebstein anomaly. A low incidence of reoperation is observed. Cone reconstruction procedure provides possibilities of second tricuspid valvuloplasty, and this technique can reduce the rate of tricuspid valve replacement in the second operation. Tricuspid valve replacement is still an alternative method for the treatment of recurrent tricuspid regurgitation in patients with Ebstein anomaly. The bioprosthetic prosthesis may be a better choice than mechanical prosthesis.

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