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1.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 705-709, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986198

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical features and long-term prognosis of primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) in patients with past hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Methods: 353 cases with PBC who visited the Liver Disease Center of Beijing Friendship Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University between January 2000 and January 2018 were retrospectively analyzed and were divided into the past HBV infection group (156 cases) and the no HBV infection group (197 cases). The two groups' baseline clinical features were compared. Ursodeoxycholic acid response rate after one year, GLOBE score, UK-PBC score, and long-term liver transplantation-free survival rate were compared through outpatient and telephone follow-up. Results: PBC with past HBV infection had a significantly reduced female proportion compared to the no HBV infection group (91.9% vs. 79.5%, P = 0.001). However, there were no statistically significant differences in age, biochemical indices, immunological indicators, platelet count, cirrhosis proportion, and others. Ursodeoxycholic acid biochemical response rate was reduced in patients with past HBV infection at the end of one year of treatment, but the difference was not statistically significant (65.8% vs. 78.2%, P = 0.068). In addition, there were no statistically significant differences between the GLOBE score (0.57 vs. 0.59, P = 0.26) and UK-PBC 5-year (2.87% vs. 2.87%, P = 0.38), 10-year (9.29% vs. 8.2%, P = 0.39) and 15-year liver transplantation rates (16.6% vs. 14.73%, P = 0.39). Lastly, the overall 5-year liver transplantation-free survival rate had no statistically significant difference between the two groups of patients (86.4% vs. 87.5%, P = 0.796). Conclusion: Primary biliary cholangitis had no discernible effect in terms of age at onset, biochemical indices, immunological indicators, cirrhosis proportion, ursodeoxycholic acid response rate after one year, GLOBE score, UK-PBC score, or overall liver transplantation-free survival rate in patients with past hepatitis B virus infections.

2.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 254-258, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928899

ABSTRACT

The high incidence of cardiovascular diseases is a serious threat to human health, and endovascular surgery has become the standard treatment for most interventional cardiovascular diseases. The robotassisted endovascular surgery system further enhances surgeons' ability to perform minimally invasive endovascular procedures in interventional cardiology. This study presents a new robotic technique for coronary intervention from the perspective of clinical application. Aiming at clinical application scenarios, this scheme proposed an intuitive guide wire catheter mechanism design, which accurately and perfectly simulates the doctor's hand movements, realizes the positive and negative direction translation of the guide wire catheter, accurate torque control of the guide wire rotation and locking. The results of animal test showed that the R-OneTM has a high degree of dexterity, accuracy and stability,and meets the clinical needs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cardiovascular Diseases , Catheterization , Equipment Design , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Robotics
3.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 357-361, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935954

ABSTRACT

Connective tissue disease (CTD) are closely related to liver abnormality. CTD can affect the liver causing various degrees of liver injury, coexist with other liver diseases, especially autoimmune liver disease (ALD). Medications for CTD can also lead to liver injury or reactivate the hepatitis B virus. CTD patients can also be positive for ALD-related autoantibodies without corresponding manifestation; and vis versa. The diagnosis and differential diagnosis should be made on integrating clinical presentation, laboratory, imaging, and histological studies, not solely relying on autoantibody positivity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autoantibodies , Autoimmune Diseases/diagnosis , Connective Tissue Diseases/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Liver
4.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 70-75, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772696

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This work aimed to identify the risk factors of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection in preschool children and provide effective measures for the prevention and reduction of the incidence of H. pylori infections.@*METHODS@#A total of 204 children from two kindergartens in Suzhou city were recruited through a questionnaire survey. Risk factors were selected through the single factor paired data χ² test and multiple factor Logistic regression analysis. Oral and gastric H. pylori infections were detected by using H. pylori saliva detection (HPS) and ¹³C-urea breath test (¹³C-UBT). Special toothpaste for H. pylori control was selected for oral cleaning. Oral H. pylori infection rates at 2 months after special toothpaste treatment were examined by using HPS.@*RESULTS@#The high-risk factors of H. pylori infections among preschool children included poor personal hygiene habits, such as the nibbling of fingers and the avoidance of hand-washing before meals, diet, and parent's history of stomach disease. Among the 204 subjects enrolled in this study, 158 (77.45%), 37 (18.14%), and 28 (13.73%) were HPS positive, ¹³C-UBT positive, and HPS and ¹³C-UBT positive, respectively. The incidence of oral H. pylori infections was significantly higher than that of gastric H. pylori infections (P<0.01). The positive rate of infections significantly decreased after special toothpaste treatment (P<0.01). This result indicates that the intervention was effective.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Children must receive education on good eating habits. Individualized dining habits or the use of public chopsticks must be implemented. H. pylori infections must be detected as early as possible. Specific toothpaste for oral cleaning must be selected. These approaches could drastically prevent or reduce the incidence of H. pylori infections among preschool children.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Humans , Breath Tests , Helicobacter Infections , Epidemiology , Helicobacter pylori , Risk Factors , Urea
5.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 417-421, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-269539

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To develop a 96-microwell plate DNA diagnostic chip for simultaneous detection of 9 major foodborne bacteria.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Type-specific PCR primers labeled with biotin and oligonucleotide probes were designed according to the conservative genes of 9 major foodborne bacteria Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella spp., Escherichia coli O157:H7 (Stx1 and Stx2), Shigella spp., Listeria monocytogenes, Bacillus cereus, Yersinia enterocolitica, Vibrio cholerae and Vibrio parahaemolyticus. A one-tube multiplex PCR system for simultaneous amplification of these bacteria was established, and the DNA probes were spotted and immobilized in the wells of the plate in 5x5 array format. Stable hybridization system between PCR products and oligonucleotide probes in the microwell was established after condition optimization. Alkaline phosphatase-conjugated streptavidin and NBT/BCIP were used to detect the hybridized PCR products.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Twenty standard bacteria strains were used to validate the 96 microwell plate DNA diagnostic chip and highly specific and stable experiment results were obtained. Using this chip assay, the causal pathogen Staphylococcus aureus was identified within 12 h after the sampling from an incident of food poisoning, and the result was consistent with that obtained using conventional bacterial culture and biochemical identification.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The novel 96 microwell plate DNA diagnostic chip allows rapid, accurate, automated and high-throughput bacterial detection and is especially valuable for quick response to such public health emergencies as food poisoning.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Bacteria , Classification , Genetics , DNA, Bacterial , Food Contamination , Food Microbiology , Methods , Foodborne Diseases , Microbiology , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , Methods
6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental and Clinical Virology ; (6): 388-390, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-325533

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish a quantitative assay for enterovirus 71, this can be used in detecting the virus content during vaccine development and production.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We established the method of quantitative assay for EV71 by using double antibody sandwich ELISA. The sensitivity, accuracy,precision and specificity of the method were evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>We developed an ELISA method to quantitative assay for EV71. The quantitation limit of the method is 0.23 microg/ml and the quantitation scope of the method is 7.32-0.23 microg/ml, the coefficient correlation is R2 = 0.9976; The method showed good accuracy, precision and specificity. The recovery is between 90%-110% and the variation coefficient is lower than 10%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>An ELISA method was developed for the quantitative assay of EV71 virus, which can be used for the rapid quantitative determination of EV71 virus during vaccine development and production.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Antigens, Viral , Allergy and Immunology , Cell Line , Enterovirus , Allergy and Immunology , Enterovirus Infections , Diagnosis , Allergy and Immunology , Virology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Methods , Sensitivity and Specificity
7.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-679427

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the animal toxicity test on skin of the Chinese herbal drugs liquid paste (CHDLP).Methods Acute and multiple times skin stimulation test and skin allergy test were performed on healthy guinea pig by using CHDLP.Results The acute skin stimulation score and intensity score were all zero.Multiple skin stimulation score and pathological examination score were all zero.So were the skin allergy score and the sensiti- zation rate.Conclusion CHDLP is a weak sensitizer and arose no skin stimulation on guinea pig.It's safe when ex- ternal use.

8.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 187-189, 2002.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344258

ABSTRACT

The treatment planning can directly decide the treatment effect of X-knife. This paper presents some qualitative and quantitative tools assessing the treatment planning, mainly they are the isodose curve, dose-wash, volume dose and dose volume histogram.


Subject(s)
Humans , Algorithms , Brain Neoplasms , General Surgery , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Radiosurgery , Radiotherapy Dosage , Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted , Methods , Radiotherapy, Conformal , Methods , Sensitivity and Specificity
9.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 20-22, 2002.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-241074

ABSTRACT

In this paper, two new concepts of DR (Dose Repulsion) and DG (Dose Gravitation) are presented with their calculation formulas. For the problem of selecting beam arcs in x-knife radiotherapy Planning system, a mathematics model of constrained optimization has been built. Furthermore, we have produced a feasible project of automatic selecting optimized beam arcs plan using SA (Simulated Annealing) arithmetic based on the distribution of the fields of DR and DG in the reduced phase space.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Brain Neoplasms , Radiotherapy , Models, Theoretical , Radiotherapy Dosage , Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted , Methods , Radiotherapy, Conformal , Methods
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