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1.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 382-388, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984733

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze poly-guanine (poly-G) genotypes and construct the phylogenetic tree of colorectal cancer (CRC) and provide an efficient and convenient method for the study of intra-tumor heterogeneity and tumor metastasis pathway. Methods: The clinicopathological information of patients with primary colorectal cancer resection with regional lymph node metastases were retrospectively collected in the Department of General Surgery, General Hospital of Tianjin Medical University from January 2017 to December 2017. The paraffin sections of the paired tumor samples were performed consecutively, and multi-region microdissection was performed after histogene staining. The phenol-chloroform extraction and ethanol precipitation scheme was used to obtain DNA, and Poly-G multiplex PCR amplification and capillary electrophoresis detection were performed. The correlation between Poly-G mutation frequency and clinicopathological parameters was analyzed. Based on the difference of Poly-G genotypes between paired samples, the distance matrix was calculated, and the phylogenetic tree was constructed to clarify the tumor metastasis pathway. Results: A total of 237 paired samples were collected from 20 patients including 134 primary lesions, 66 lymph node metastases, 37 normal tissues, and Poly-G mutation was detected in 20 patients (100%). The mutation frequency of Poly-G in low and undifferentiated patients was (74.10±23.11)%, higher than that in high and medium differentiated patients [(31.36±12.04)%, P<0.001]. In microsatellite instability patients, the mutation frequency of Poly-G was (68.19±24.80)%, which was higher than that in microsatellite stable patients [(32.40±14.90)%, P=0.003]. The Poly-G mutation frequency was not correlated with age, gender, and pathological staging (all P>0.05). Based on Poly-G genotype difference of the paired samples, the phylogenetic trees of 20 patients were constructed, showing the evolution process of the tumor, especially the subclonal origins of lymph node metastasis. Conclusion: Poly-G mutations accumulate in the occurrence and development of CRC, and can be used as genetic markers to generate reliable maps of intratumor heterogeneity in large numbers of patients with minimal time and cost expenditure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphatic Metastasis , Retrospective Studies , Poly G , Phylogeny , Mutation , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics
2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2484-2495, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007606

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Excessive proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) are the main causes of restenosis (RS) in diabetic lower extremity arterial disease (LEAD). However, the relevant pathogenic mechanisms are poorly understood.@*METHODS@#In this study, we introduced a "two-step injury protocol" rat RS model, which started with the induction of atherosclerosis (AS) and was followed by percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA). Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and immunohistochemistry staining were used to verify the form of RS. Two-step transfection was performed, with the first transfection of Lin28a followed by a second transfection of let-7c and let-7g, to explore the possible mechanism by which Lin28a exerted effects. 5-ethynyl-2΄-deoxyuridine (EdU) and Transwell assay were performed to evaluate the ability of proliferation and migration of VSMCs. Western blotting and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) were performed to detect the expression of Lin28a protein and let-7 family members.@*RESULTS@#Using a combination of in vitro and in vivo experiments, we discovered that let-7c, let-7g, and microRNA98 (miR98) were downstream targets of Lin28a. More importantly, decreased expression of let-7c/let-7g increased Lin28a, leading to further inhibition of let-7c/let-7g. We also found an increased level of let-7d in the RS pathological condition, suggesting that it may function as a protective regulator of the Lin28a/let-7 loop by inhibiting the proliferation and migration of VSMCs.@*CONCLUSION@#These findings indicated the presence of a double-negative feedback loop consisting of Lin28a and let-7c/let-7g, which may be responsible for the vicious behavior of VSMCs in RS.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Down-Regulation , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Feedback , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Atherosclerosis
3.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 1090-1094, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995166

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the features the gait of elderly persons with type 2 diabetes and peri-pheral neuropathy.Methods:Twenty patients no less than 60 years old with type 2 diabetes and peripheral neuropathy (DPN) formed a DPN group, while 20 counterparts with type 2 diabetes but without peripheral neuropathy composed the DM group, and another 20 healthy counterparts served as a control group. The three groups were tested using the Swedish Qualisys motion capture system and their walking speed, step length, step width, stride frequency and stride length, bipedal foot support phase time, single foot support phase time, peak plantar pressure, and regional-holding time were collected and compared.Results:The average walking speed, stride length and stepping frequency of the DPN group were all significantly lower than the other 2 groups′ averages. Their bipedal support phase was significantly longer, but their single foot support phase time was significantly shorter. And in the DPN group the average first and second peak plantar pressures and the second peak pressure time were significantly greater than the other groups′ averages.Conclusions:Elderly patients with type 2 diabetes and peripheral neuropathy have significant gait abnormalities, decreased walking stability, as well as increased plantar pressure and plantar compression time.

4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2121-2133, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928152

ABSTRACT

Based on the combination of ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF) and Waters UNIFI software, the chemical constituents of the classic prescription Xiaochengqi Decoction were qualitatively analyzed and identified. The UPLC conditions are as follows: Acquity HSS T3 reverse phase column(2.1 mm ×100 mm, 1.8 μm), column temperature of 30 ℃, mobile phase of 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution(A)-acetonitrile(B), and flow rate of 0.3 mL·min~(-1). High-resolution MS data of Xiaochengqi Decoction were collected in ESI~(+/-) modes by Fast DDA. The structures of the chemical constituents were tentatively characterized or identified by UNIFI software according to the retention time of reference standards and characteristic fragment ions in MS profile, and literature data. A total of 233 components in Xiaochengqi Decoction were identified, with 93 from wine-processed Rhei Radix et Rhizoma, 104 from bran-processed Aurantii Fructus Immaturus, and 36 from ginger-processed Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex. These 233 components included anthraquinones, flavonoids, lignans, alkaloids, coumarins, and phenylethanoid glycosides. The result provided experimental evidence for the further study on establishment of quality standard and product development of the formula.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , DDT/analogs & derivatives , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Mass Spectrometry , Rhizome/chemistry , Software
5.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 551-560, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939920

ABSTRACT

Achyranthes bidentata Blume is widely used as a traditional Chinese medicine with the effects of nourishing the liver and kidneys and strengthening muscles and bones. In this work, a rapid and simple strategy was developed for characterizing phytoecdysteroids by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with liner ion trap-Orbitrap mass spectrometry using electrospray ionization in the negative mode. As a result, 47 phytoecdysteroids were unambiguously or tentatively characterized. Among them, seven known compounds were identified according to the reference standards along with molecular formula, retention time and fragmentation patterns, while others were mostly potential new compounds. Through targeted isolation, the structures of three new compounds were determined by NMR spectra, which were consistent with LC-MS characterization. The present study provides an efficient method to deeply characterize phytoecdysteroids.


Subject(s)
Achyranthes/chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Mass Spectrometry , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization/methods
6.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 295-304, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881072

ABSTRACT

In this study, a high performance thin-layer chromatography/single quadrupole mass spectrometry QDa (HPTLC-QDa) method for robust authentication of Ganoderma lucidum, a popular and valuable herbal medicine, has been developed. This method is simple and practical, which allows direct generation of characteristic mass spectra from the HPTLC plates automatically with the application of in situ solvent desorption interface. The HPTLC silica gel plates were developed with toluene-ethyl formate-formic acid (5 : 5 : 0.2, V/V) and all bands were transferred to QDa system directly in situ using 80% methanol with 0.1% formic acid as desorption solvent. The acquired HPTLC-QDa spectra showed that luminous yellow band b3, containing ganoderic acid B/G/H and ganodeneric acid B, the major active components of Ganoderma, could be found only in G. lucidum and G. lucidum (Antler-shaped), but not in G. sinense and G. applanatum. Moreover, bands b13 and b14 with m/z 475/477 and m/z 475/491/495, respectively, could be detected in G. lucidum (Antler-shaped), but not in G. lucidum, thus allowing simple and robust authentication of G. lucidum with confused species. This method is proved to be simple, practical and reproducible, which can be extended to analyze other herbal medicines.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 809-818, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774941

ABSTRACT

Twenty-one protostane-type triterpenoids with diverse structures, including nine new compounds (-), were isolated from the of Linn. Structurally, alisolides A‒F (-), composed of an oxole group coupled to a five-membered ring, represent unusual C-17 spirost protostane-type triterpenoids. Alisolide H () is a novel triterpenoid with an unreported endoperoxide bridge. Alisolide I () represents the first example of 23,24-acetal triterpenoid. Their structures were elucidated based on spectroscopic analysis, wherein the absolute configurations of ‒, were further confirmed by the Mo(OAc)-induced ECD method. Furthermore, all isolates were evaluated for their inhibitory effects on LPS-induced NO production in Caco-2 cells, and all the compounds showed remarkable inhibitory activities, with IC values in the range of 0.76-38.20 μmol/L.

8.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 301-309, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812111

ABSTRACT

Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata (Fuzi) is a commonly used traditional Chinese medicine in clinic for its potency in restoring yang and rescuing from collapse. Aconiti alkaloids, mainly including monoester-diterpenoidaconitines (MDAs) and diester-diterpenoidaconitines (DDAs), are considered to act as both bioactive and toxic constituents. In the present study, a feasible, economical, and accurate HPLC method for simultaneous determination of six alkaloid markers using the Single Standard for Determination of Multi-Components (SSDMC) method was developed and fully validated. Benzoylmesaconine was used as the unique reference standard. This method was proven as accurate (recovery varying between 97.5%-101.8%, RSD 0.999 9) over the concentration ranges, and subsequently applied to quantitative evaluation of 62 batches of samples, among which 45 batches were from good manufacturing practice (GMP) facilities and 17 batches from the drug market. The contents were then analyzed by principal component analysis (PCA) and homogeneity test. The present study provided valuable information for improving the quality standard of Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata. The developed method also has the potential in analysis of other Aconitum species, such as Aconitum carmichaelii (prepared parent root) and Aconitum kusnezoffii (prepared root).


Subject(s)
Aconitine , Chemistry , Aconitum , Chemistry , Alkaloids , Biomarkers , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Economics , Methods , Diterpenes , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Feasibility Studies , Molecular Structure
9.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 766-774, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812058

ABSTRACT

Euphorbia kansui is a commonly used traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of edema, pleural effusion, and asthma, etc. According to the previous researches, terpenoids in E. kansui possess various biological activities, e.g., anti-virus, anti-allergy, antitumor effects. In this work, twenty five terpenoids were isolated from E. kansui, including thirteen ingenane- and eight jatrophane-type diterpenoids (with two new compounds, kansuinin P and Q) and four triterpenoids. Eighteen of them were analyzed by MTS assay for in vitro anticancer activity in five human cancer cell lines. Structure-activity relationship for 12 ingenane-type diterpenoids in colorectal cancer Colo205 cells were preliminary studied. Significant anti-proliferation activities were observed in human melanoma cells breast cancer MDA-MB-435 cells and Colo205 cells. More than half of the isolated ingenane-type diterpenoids showed inhibitory activities in MDA-MB-435 cells. Eight ingenane- and one jatrophane-type diterpenoids possessed much lower IC values in MDA-MB-435 cells than positive control staurosporine. Preliminary structure-activity relationship analysis showed that substituent on position 20 was important for the activity of ingenane-type diterpenoids in Colo205 cells and substituent on position 3 contributed more significant biological activity of the compounds than that on position 5 in both MDA-MB-435 and Colo205 cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Euphorbia , Chemistry , Molecular Structure , Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Structure-Activity Relationship , Terpenes , Chemistry , Pharmacology
10.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 44-47, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659345

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the effects of moxibustion at different temperatures on blood lipid and TRPV1 in dorsal root ganglion with hyperlipidemia rats; To verify the correlation between efficacy of adjusting fat of moxibustion with activating of TRPV1. Methods The rat model of hyperlipidemia was made by high fat diet. 60 SD mice were randomly divided into four groups: control group, model control group, the 38 ℃ moxibustion group and the 45 ℃ moxibustion group, with 15 mice in each group. Acupoints Shenque and Zusanli were chosen under moxibustion for 10 minutes each time, once another day, for 4 weeks, in the 38 ℃ moxibustion group and the 45 ℃moxibustion group. Blood was taken after intervention, and blood TC, TG, LDL-C and HDL-C of the mice were detected by oxidase method; the dorsal root ganglion was taken to detect the expression of TRPV1 mRNA by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR. Results Compared with model group, blood lipid indexes in moxibustion groups had different changes, with statistical significance compared with 45 ℃ moxibustion group (P<0.05, P<0.01), and there was statistical significance between 38 ℃ moxibustion group and 45 ℃ moxibustion group (P<0.01); there was statistical significance in TRPV1 mRNA of dorsal root ganglion among 45 ℃ moxibustion group and other three groups (P<0.01). Conclusion The correlation between efficacy of adjusting fat of moxibustion with activating of TRPV1 has been confirmed.

11.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 44-47, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657360

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the effects of moxibustion at different temperatures on blood lipid and TRPV1 in dorsal root ganglion with hyperlipidemia rats; To verify the correlation between efficacy of adjusting fat of moxibustion with activating of TRPV1. Methods The rat model of hyperlipidemia was made by high fat diet. 60 SD mice were randomly divided into four groups: control group, model control group, the 38 ℃ moxibustion group and the 45 ℃ moxibustion group, with 15 mice in each group. Acupoints Shenque and Zusanli were chosen under moxibustion for 10 minutes each time, once another day, for 4 weeks, in the 38 ℃ moxibustion group and the 45 ℃moxibustion group. Blood was taken after intervention, and blood TC, TG, LDL-C and HDL-C of the mice were detected by oxidase method; the dorsal root ganglion was taken to detect the expression of TRPV1 mRNA by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR. Results Compared with model group, blood lipid indexes in moxibustion groups had different changes, with statistical significance compared with 45 ℃ moxibustion group (P<0.05, P<0.01), and there was statistical significance between 38 ℃ moxibustion group and 45 ℃ moxibustion group (P<0.01); there was statistical significance in TRPV1 mRNA of dorsal root ganglion among 45 ℃ moxibustion group and other three groups (P<0.01). Conclusion The correlation between efficacy of adjusting fat of moxibustion with activating of TRPV1 has been confirmed.

12.
China Biotechnology ; (12)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-685668

ABSTRACT

Object: To study the proliferation of hCTGF on cells and its biological function on bone injury healing.Methods: The fibroblast with potential differentiation was transfected by eukaryotic gene delivery system and then transferred into the experimental animal model with bone fracture.The data were collected by molecular biological and clinical orthopedic technique detection analysis.Results: The results demonstrated an obvious proliferation of hCTGF on cells,suggesting that hCTGF have the biological activity of repairing bone injury via gene therapy.The results provide a new activity factor and treatment approach for bone injury in clinics.

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