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1.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 509-516, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980753

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of acupuncture combined with infantile tuina on intestinal flora and its efficacy in children with tic disorders (TD), and to explore its mechanism.@*METHODS@#A total of 15 children with TD were recruited as an observation group and 10 healthy children as a healthy control group. Regulating spleen and stomach acupuncture combined with infantile tuina were received in the observation group. First, acupuncture was applied to Zhongwan (CV 12), Tianshu (ST 25), Guanyuan (CV 4), Hegu (LI 4), Zusanli (ST 36), etc., and then abdominal massage and other tuina techniques were applied, once a day, 6 times a week, 2 weeks as a course of treatment, a total of 2 courses of treatment were required. No intervention was given in the healthy control group. In the observation group, Yale global tic severity scale (YGTSS) score and TCM syndrome score were compared before treatment and after 1 and 2 courses of treatment. 16S rRNA sequencing technology was used to detect the intestinal flora in the healthy control group and before and after treatment in the observation group.@*RESULTS@#After 1 and 2 courses of treatment, the scores of YGTSS and TCM syndrome in the observation group were lower than those before treatment (P<0.01, P<0.05). Compared with the healthy control group, the number of operational taxonomic units (OTU) and indexes of Chao1, Sobs, Ace and Shannon were decreased in the observation group before treatment (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with before treatment, the number of OTU and indexes of Chao1, Sobs, Ace and Shannon were increased in the observation group after treatment (P<0.01, P<0.05). Compared with the healthy control group, the relative abundance of Firmicutes in the observation group before treatment was decreased (P<0.001), while the relative abundance of Bacteroidetes, Bacteroides and Erysipelatoclostridium was increased (P<0.001, P<0.05). Compared with before treatment, the relative abundance of Bacteroidetes in the observation group was decreased (P<0.001) after treatment, while the relative abundance of Actinobacteria, Bifidobacterium and Atopobium was increased (P<0.05, P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture combined with infantile tuina based on the principle of regulating spleen and stomach could effectively improve TD symptoms in children, which may be related to regulating the diversity of intestinal flora, increasing beneficial bacteria, maintaining intestinal microecological balance, and playing a role in improving neurological disorders.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S , Acupuncture Therapy , Spleen , Tic Disorders
2.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 479-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979738

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Objective To understand the situation of drug-resistant tuberculosis screening and epidemiological characteristics of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and pre-extensively drug resistant tuberculosis (pre-XDR-TB) in Changsha, in order to provide a scientific basis for improving the quality of drug-resistant tuberculosis prevention and control in the city. Methods Demographic information and drug susceptibility date of etiologically positive pulmonary tuberculosis patients in Changsha from 2018 to 2021 were collected, the successful rate of resistance screening, incidence and tendency in MDR-TB and pre-XDR-TB in patients included in this study were statistically analyzed accordingly.   Results From 2018 to 2021, the successful screening rates were 86.2%, 87.7%, 81.9% and 71.5% for MDR-TB and 82.2%, 84.8%, 76.9% and 68.2% for pre-XDR-TB, respectively. In each year, MDR-TB patients identified accounted for 7.6% (101/1 222), 6.5%(124/1 774), 6.6%(110/1 555) and 6.3%(99/1 478), and pre-XDR-TB patients identified accounted for 3.6%(46/1 219), 3.8%(69/1 766), 4.4%(69/1 495) and 4.6%(69/1 436), correspondingly. The incidence of MDR-TB showed a slowly downward trend, while the incidence of pre-MDR-TB showed a slowly upward trend, with neither decreasing nor increasing trends being statistically significant ((χ2=1.947,0.806,P>0.050). The incidence of MDR-TB in the retreatment failure population was 66.6% (2/3), and the others, failure initial treatment and recrudescence populations were 23.5% (19/81), 16.7% (2/12) and 15.2% (70/461), respectively. Similar to the incidence above, the incidence of pre-XDR-TB was 16.7% (2/12) among patients who failed in initial treatment, and 12.2% (9/74), 9.8% (43/439), and 4.5% (2/44) among the others, recrudescence and returned patients, respectively. The incidence rates of MDR-TB and pre-XDR-TB in different populations were significantly different (χ2=117.600,59.030,P<0.05). Conclusions There are still areas for improvement in tuberculosis drug resistance surveillance system in Changsha. On the premise of paying attention to patients in retreatment failure, other, initial treatment failure and relapse patients, high sensitivity molecular drug susceptibility testing, and scientifically efficient screening strategies must be explored.

3.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1627-1633, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987880

ABSTRACT

AIM: To scrutinize the role of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway in the epithelial-mesenchymal transition(EMT)of lens epithelial cells under hypoxic conditions, and to further analyze the effect of Dickkopf-1(DKK-1)expression on EMT of lens epithelial cells.METHODS: Human lens epithelial cells(HLEB3 cells)were propagated in vitro and then separated into two groups: one exposed to standard oxygen levels, added DMEM culture solution containing 10% FBS(normoxic group)and another subjected to low oxygen levels(hypoxic group). The hypoxic condition was emulated by applying a concentration of 100 μmol/L cobalt chloride(CoCl2)for 6, 12, 24, and 48h. The utilization of immunofluorescence staining enabled the detection of Wnt3a and DKK-1 expressions, along with the expression and localization of β-catenin protein in these groups. The expression of DKK-1 mRNA was discerned by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction(qRT-PCR).RESULTS: Immunofluorescence assays indicated an escalating trend in the Wnt3a and DKK-1 protein expression, which corresponded with the increasing duration of hypoxia. Likewise, an intensified nuclear accumulation of β-catenin protein was observed to be directly proportional to the length of hypoxia treatment. The qRT-PCR demonstrated that the difference in DKK-1 mRNA expression between the normoxic group and the group exposed to hypoxia for 6h was not statistically significant(P&#x003E;0.05), whereas the DKK-1 mRNA expression of the 12, 24, and 48h hypoxia groups were significantly increased(P&#x003C;0.001).CONCLUSION: Hypoxia can activate Wnt/β-catenin pathway in lens epithelial cells and induce the expression of DKK-1, thus regulating the Wnt/β-catenin pathway and affecting the EMT process.

4.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 337-344, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986075

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the flow field characteristics of the upper airway in patients with different adenoid hypertrophy using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). Methods: From November 2020 to November 2021, the cone-beam CT (CBCT) data of 4 patients [2 males and 2 females,age range 5-7 years, mean (6.0±1.2) years] with adenoid hypertrophy who were hospitalized in the Department of Orthodontics and the Department of Otolaryngology at Hebei Eye Hospital were selected. The degree of adenoid hypertrophy in the 4 patients was divided into normal S1 (A/N<0.6), mild hypertrophy S2 (0.6≤A/N<0.7), moderate hypertrophy S3 (0.7≤A/N<0.9) and severe hypertrophy S4 (A/N≥0.9) according to the ratio of adenoid thickness to the width of nasopharyngeal cavity (A/N). The CFD model of the upper airway was established using ANSYS 2019 R1 software, and the internal flow field of the CFD model was numerically simulated. Eight sections were selected as observation and measurement planes for flow field information. Relevant flow field information includes airflow distribution, velocity variation, and pressure variation. Results: In the S1 model, the maximum pressure difference occurred in the 4th and 5th observation planes (ΔP=27.98). The lowest pressures and the maximum flow rates of S2 and S3 were located in the 6th observation plane. The airflow in S1 and S2 models completely passed through the nasal cavity. In the S3 model, the mouth-to-nasal airflow ratio was close to 2∶1. In S4 model, the airflow completely passed through the mouth; in the S1 and S2 models, hard palates were subjected to a downward positive pressure with a pressure difference of 38.34 and 23.31 Pa, respectively. The hard palates in S3 and S4 models were subjected to a downward negative pressure with a pressure difference of -2.95 and -21.81 Pa, respectively. Conclusions: The CFD model can objectively and quantitatively describe the upper airway airflow field information in patients with adenoid hypertrophy. With the increasing degree of adenoid hypertrophy, the nasal ventilation volume gradually decreased, whereas the oral space ventilation volume gradually increased, and the pressure difference between the upper and lower surfaces of the palate gradually decreased until the pressure became negative.

5.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 114-121, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971160

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUCMSCs) combined with autologous Meek microskin transplantation on patients with extensive burns. Methods: The prospective self-controlled study was conducted. From May 2019 to June 2022, 16 patients with extensive burns admitted to the 990th Hospital of PLA Joint Logistics Support Force met the inclusion criteria, while 3 patients were excluded according to the exclusion criteria, and 13 patients were finally selected, including 10 males and 3 females, aged 24-61 (42±13) years. A total of 20 trial areas (40 wounds, with area of 10 cm×10 cm in each wound) were selected. Two adjacent wounds in each trial area were divided into hUCMSC+gel group applied with hyaluronic acid gel containing hUCMSCs and gel only group applied with hyaluronic acid gel only according to the random number table, with 20 wounds in each group. Afterwards the wounds in two groups were transplanted with autologous Meek microskin grafts with an extension ratio of 1∶6. In 2, 3, and 4 weeks post operation, the wound healing was observed, the wound healing rate was calculated, and the wound healing time was recorded. The specimen of wound secretion was collected for microorganism culture if there was purulent secretion on the wound post operation. In 3, 6, and 12 months post operation, the scar hyperplasia in wound was assessed using the Vancouver scar scale (VSS). In 3 months post operation, the wound tissue was collected for hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining to observe the morphological changes and for immunohistochemical staining to observe the positive expressions of Ki67 and vimentin and to count the number of positive cells. Data were statistically analyzed with paired samples t test and Bonferronni correction. Results: In 2, 3, and 4 weeks post operation, the wound healing rates in hUCMSC+gel group were (80±11)%, (84±12)%, and (92±9)%, respectively, which were significantly higher than (67±18)%, (74±21)%, and (84±16)% in gel only group (with t values of 4.01, 3.52, and 3.66, respectively, P<0.05). The wound healing time in hUCMSC+gel group was (31±11) d, which was significantly shorter than (36±13) d in gel only group (t=-3.68, P<0.05). The microbiological culture of the postoperative wound secretion specimens from the adjacent wounds in 2 groups was identical, with negative results in 4 trial areas and positive results in 16 trial areas. In 3, 6, and 12 months post operation, the VSS scores of wounds in gel only group were 7.8±1.9, 6.7±2.1, and 5.4±1.6, which were significantly higher than 6.8±1.8, 5.6±1.6, and 4.0±1.4 in hUCMSC+gel group, respectively (with t values of -4.79, -4.37, and -5.47, respectively, P<0.05). In 3 months post operation, HE staining showed an increase in epidermal layer thickness and epidermal crest in wound in hUCMSC+gel group compared with those in gel only group, and immunohistochemical staining showed a significant increase in the number of Ki67 positive cells in wound in hUCMSC+gel group compared with those in gel only group (t=4.39, P<0.05), with no statistically significant difference in the number of vimentin positive cells in wound between the 2 groups (P>0.05). Conclusions: The application of hyaluronic acid gel containing hUCMSCs to the wound is simple to perform and is therefore a preferable route. Topical application of hUCMSCs can promote healing of the autologous Meek microskin grafted area in patients with extensive burns, shorten wound healing time, and alleviate scar hyperplasia. The above effects may be related to the increased epidermal thickness and epidermal crest, and active cell proliferation.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Burns/surgery , Cicatrix , Eosine Yellowish-(YS) , Hyaluronic Acid/therapeutic use , Hyperplasia , Ki-67 Antigen , Prospective Studies , Umbilical Cord , Vimentin
6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 625-635, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970531

ABSTRACT

This study explored the feasibility of mineral element content and ratios of nitrogen isotopes to discriminate the cultivation mode of Dendrobium nobile in order to provide theoretical support for the discrimination of the cultivation mode of D. nobile. The content of 11 mineral elements(N, K, Ca, P, Mg, Na, Fe, Cu, Zn, Mn, and B) and nitrogen isotope ratios in D. nobile and its substrate samples in three cultivation methods(greenhouse cultivation, tree-attached cultivation, and stone-attached cultivation) were determined. According to the analysis of variance, principal component analysis, and stepwise discriminant analysis, the samples of different cultivation types were classified. The results showed that the nitrogen isotope ratios and the content of elements except for Zn were significantly different among different cultivation types of D. nobile(P<0.05). The results of correlation analysis showed that the nitrogen isotope ratios, mineral element content, and effective component content in D. nobile were correlated with the nitrogen isotope ratio and mineral element content in the corresponding substrate samples to varying degrees. Principal component analysis can preliminarily classify the samples of D. nobile, but some samples overlapped. Through stepwise discriminant analysis, six indicators, including δ~(15)N, K, Cu, P, Na, and Ca, were screened out, which could be used to establish the discriminant model of D. nobile cultivation methods, and the overall correct discrimination rates after back-substitution test, cross-check, and external validation were all 100%. Therefore, nitrogen isotope ratios and mineral element fingerprints combined with multivariate statistical analysis could effectively discriminate the cultivation types of D. nobile. The results of this study provide a new method for the identification of the cultivation type and production area of D. nobile and an experimental basis for the quality evaluation and quality control of D. nobile.


Subject(s)
Dendrobium , Minerals , Discriminant Analysis , Multivariate Analysis , Nitrogen Isotopes
7.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 72-81, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967496

ABSTRACT

Objective@#: Ischemia and hemorrhage of pituitary adenomas (PA) caused important clinical syndrome. However, the differences on clinical characteristics and surgical outcomes between these two kinds apoplexy were less reported. @*Methods@#: A retrospective analysis was made of patients with pituitary apoplexy between January 2013 and June 2018. Baseline and clinical characteristics before surgery were reviewed. All patients underwent transsphenoidal surgery and were followed up at least 1 year. @*Results@#: Total 67 cases (5.8%) among 1147 pituitary tumor patients were enrolled, which consisted of 28 (~2.4%) ischemic PA and 39 (~3.4%) hemorrhagic PA. There were more male patients in the ischemic group compared with hemorrhagic group (78.6% vs 53.8%, p=0.043). However, the mean age, tumor size and functional tumor ratio were significant higher in the hemorrhagic group. Headache was more common in ischemic PA (82.1%) than that of hemorrhagic PA (51.3%, p=0.011). Magnetic resonance imaging findings found that mucosal thickening and enhancement of the sphenoid sinus was observed in 15 ischemic PA patients (n=27, 55.6%), but none in patients with hemorrhagic PA (n=38, p<0.0001). It was worth noting that the rate of pre-surgical hypopituitarism in ischemic PA patients were seemed higher than that in hemorrhagic PA patients, but not significant. The two groups got a total tumor resection rate at 94.1% and 92.9%, independently. No significant difference on the operative time, blood loss in operation and complications in perioperative period was observed in two groups. After operation, cranial nerve symptoms recovered to normal at 81.8% of ischemic PA patients and 82.6% of hemorrhagic PA patients. Importantly, the incidence of postoperative hypopituitarism partially decreased in both groups, among which the rate of hypothyroidism in ischemic PA patients significantly decreased from 46.4% to 18.5% (p=0.044). @*Conclusion@#: Patients with ischemic PA presented different clinical characteristics to the hemorrhagic ones. Transsphenoidal surgery should be considered for the patients with neuro-ophthalmic deficits and might benefit for pituitary function recovery of the apoplectic adenoma patients, especially pituitary thyroid axis in ischemic PA patients.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2715-2735, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982857

ABSTRACT

Various c-mesenchymal-to-epithelial transition (c-MET) inhibitors are effective in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer; however, the inevitable drug resistance remains a challenge, limiting their clinical efficacy. Therefore, novel strategies targeting c-MET are urgently required. Herein, through rational structure optimization, we obtained novel exceptionally potent and orally active c-MET proteolysis targeting chimeras (PROTACs) namely D10 and D15 based on thalidomide and tepotinib. D10 and D15 inhibited cell growth with low nanomolar IC50 values and achieved picomolar DC50 values and >99% of maximum degradation (Dmax) in EBC-1 and Hs746T cells. Mechanistically, D10 and D15 dramatically induced cell apoptosis, G1 cell cycle arrest and inhibited cell migration and invasion. Notably, intraperitoneal administration of D10 and D15 significantly inhibited tumor growth in the EBC-1 xenograft model and oral administration of D15 induced approximately complete tumor suppression in the Hs746T xenograft model with well-tolerated dose-schedules. Furthermore, D10 and D15 exerted significant anti-tumor effect in cells with c-METY1230H and c-METD1228N mutations, which are resistant to tepotinib in clinic. These findings demonstrated that D10 and D15 could serve as candidates for the treatment of tumors with MET alterations.

9.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 920-923, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004721

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To conduct the laboratory quality assessment between 12 blood stations in Hebei province, analyze the results and explore the accuracy and comparability of testing, so as to improve the level of testing ability and quality management. 【Methods】 With reference to the external quality assessment rules of National Center for Clinical Laboratories and combined with the instructions of quality assessment samples, daily testing process of the laboratories were assessed. The quality indicators include blood cell count (WBC, RBC, Hb, HCT, MCV, MCH, MCHC and PLT), biochemical items (TP) and coagulation parameters (FIB and FⅧ). 【Results】 There are still problems in laboratories in terms of personnel operation, instrument maintenance and the impact of different reagent batches, especially in biochemical items and coagulation parameters. The pass rate of biochemical items was the lowest, only 72.75%, and that of blood cell count was the highest, reaching 98.75%. 【Conclusion】 With the progress of the project, the quality monitoring level of daily blood sampling tests in the quality control laboratory of each blood station has been improved. However, it is still necessary for each laboratory to improve the testing ability and quality management to a higher level in Hebei.

10.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 2372-2376, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998590

ABSTRACT

It is believed that the basic pathogenesis of oculomotor nerve paralysis (ONP) is qi and blood depletion and channel obstruction. Taking channel pattern differentiation as the core, it is recommended to use acupuncture mainly based on location, syndrome and channel deficiency-excess differentiation. Location and channel tropism differentiation mainly follows the principle of “where the channels and collaterals pass, the main treatment can reach”, and commonly uses acupuncture points on Dumai (督脉), the hand Shaoyang (少阳) Sanjiao (三焦) channel, the hand Taiyang (太阳) small intestine channel, three yang channels of the foot, the hand Shaoyin (少阴) heart channel, the foot Jueyin (厥阴) liver channel, and others, and combines scalp acupuncture with electro-acupuncture to enhance channel stimulation. Pattern and channel tropism differentiation is to differentiate the entered channel according to clinical symptoms and zang-fu patterns. The differentiation of deficiency-excess should be payed attention to, and the principle of “supplementing the deficiency, and draining the excess” should be followed. The supplementing and draining method should be used rationally by considering the differences in the supplementing and draining acupoints themselves, as well as the actual condition of the patients. Simultaneously, it is suggested to combine manipulation and stimulation amount and effect in clinical practice.

11.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 582-588, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995328

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the molecular epidemiological characteristics of Campylobacter fetus subsp. testudinum ( Cft). Methods:Fifteen strains of Cft collected in our laboratory from 2010 to 2022 were subjected to whole-genome sequencing. Their epidemiological characteristics were analyzed based on the global genome data of Cft on GenBank database. MLST-GrapeTree software was used to obtain the genetic structure of Cft strains. A phylogenetic tree was constructed using core-genome single nucleotide polymorphism (cgSNP) analysis, and the sequence clusters were identified using rhierBAPS. Virulence genes and drug resistance genes of Cft strains were annotated using CARD, ResFinder and VFDB database. Their susceptibility to antibiotics was tested using E-test method and the results were analyzed using the CLSI-M45 sensitivity standard for Campylobacter jejuni/ Campylobacter coli. Results:Based on average nucleotide identity (ANI) analysis, the genome data of 41 Cft strains including 24 isolated from human, 13 from animals and four of unknown sources were collected from GenBank database. Among the 24 human-derived strains, 20 were linked to Asian descent and only one was linked to Caucasian descent (spouse of Asian descent), showing statistically significant differences in human ethnicity. All of the 13 animal-derived strains were originated from reptilian sources, including six from turtles, four from snakes and three from lizards. MLST revealed that ST46 was the predominant ST in China, while ST15 was the major sequence type in the United States. Grapetree analysis also demonstrated that the genetic diversity in China was greater than that in the United States. The phylogenetic tree constructed based on cgSNP and BAPS identified six distinct sequence clusters. The Chinese isolates were scattered in diverse sequence clusters and closely related to animal-derived strains, while the American isolates mainly belonged to ST15. The genes encoding virulence factors such as flagella, glycosylation systems and adhesins were carried by all of the 41 Cft strains (100.00%). The invasion-related virulence genes, such as the genes encoding the IV type secretion system ( virB4, virB9, virD4) and the resistance-related tetO efflux pump gene were specifically identified in the emerging ST74 clones. In vitro drug susceptibility testing of 15 Chinese isolates revealed 46.67% of the Cft strains were resistant to ciprofloxacin and 100.00% were sensitive to erythromycin. Conclusions:The global sequence clusters of Cft isolates showed a great genetic diversity. Most of the people with Cft infection had basic immune diseases and might have eaten or had contact with reptiles. Notably, the Chinese domestic infection of ST46 and the emerging ST74 should arouse our more attention.

12.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 284-289, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973405

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the status quo and existing problems of radiation protection for veterinary X-ray facilitiesin Beijing-Tianjin region, China, and to provide a basis for improving radiation protection management level. Methods According to the requirements of the Technical guidelines for status quo assessment of occupational hazard of the employing unit (AQ/T 4270—2015), the study performed status quo assessment on the workplaces of veterinary X-ray facilities in 16 pet hospitals in Beijing-Tianjin region, and comprehensively analyzed the impact of the workplaces on the health of radiation workers and the public. Results In terms of personnel management, the pass rates of occupational health management post setting, personnel training, personal protective equipment, individual monitoring of occupational external exposure, notification of occupational hazards, and occupational health surveillance were 100%, 81.3%, 100%, 75%, 37.5%, and 25%, respectively. In terms of workplace management, most workplaces had reasonable layout and zoning and complete protection and emergency devices. However, there were some problems in some places, such as non-standard radiation warning signs, no notice board of occupational hazards, and no radiation protection testing. In terms of document management, all institutions had imperfect system documents. Conclusion The workplaces of veterinary X-ray facilities in 16 institutions basically meet the requirements for radiation protection, but there are also some problems, such as inadequate management of personnel and workplace radiation protection, and imperfect system documents. Institutions should strengthen the study of radiation protection knowledge. The competent authorities should strengthen supervision, formulate corresponding standards for radiation protection, enhance training, and improve the professional level of staff.

13.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 426-436, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932851

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate whether pelvic fixation is needed in patients undergoing posterior lumbosacral hemivertebra (LSHV) resection and long fusion.Methods:All 32 adult spinal deformity patients with posterior hemivertebra (HV) resection and long segment fixation treated from April 2005 to August 2019 were analyzed retrospectively, including 12 males and 20 females with a mean age of 32.9±8.8 years. According to the state of coronal balance distance (CBD), there were 15 cases of type A (preoperative CBD≤ 30 mm), 1 case of type B (preoperative CBD>30 mm and C 7 plumb line offset to the concave side), and 16 cases of type C (preoperative CBD>30 mm and C 7 plumb line offset to the convex side). The clinical and imaging data before operation, immediately after operation and at the last follow-up were collected, and the short-term and long-term complications related to operation were recorded. The improvement of Cobb angle and coronal balance of primary curve and compensatory curve were evaluated on the whole spine frontal and lateral X-ray films, and the change of coronal balance type after operation was evaluated. According to the mode of distal internal fixation, the patients were divided into two groups: PF group (pelvic fixation): distal fixation to iliac or sacroiliac; NPF group (non-pelvic fixation): distal fixation to L 5 or S 1. Results:All 32 patients were followed up with an average time of 3.9±2.6 years (range 2-11 years). The Cobb angle of primary curve in PF and NPF groups were 42.6°±13.5° and 41.3°±10.9° respectively before operation, and corrected to 13.1°±5.4° and 17.7°±5.8° respectively after operation. It maintained at 13.4°±5.1°and 18.5°±6.7° in the two groups at the last follow-up, respectively ( FPF=32.58, FNPF=28.64, P<0.001). The correction rates were 69.3%±11.8% and 57.6%±10.3%, respectively ( t=2.14, P=0.012). The compensatory curves of in the two groups were corrected from 54.9°±14.8° and 46.8°±13.6° before operation to 17.3°±9.6° and 15.4°±8.4° after operation. It also maintained at 18.5°±8.8°and 17.6°±9.5° in the two groups at the last follow-up, respectively ( FPF=42.97, FNPF=38.56, P<0.001). The correction rates were 68.4%±16.7% and 67.2%±14.9%, respectively ( t=0.17, P=0.849) in the two groups. In PF group, the primary and compensatory curve were similar (69.3%±11.8% vs. 68.4%±16.7%, t=0.15, P=0.837), while the correction rate of compensatory curve in NPF group was significantly higher than that of the primary curve (67.2%±14.9% vs. 57.6%±10.3%, t=2.13, P=0.013). Coronal decompensation occurred in 12 patients (12/32, 37.5%). The CBD in PF and NPF groups was corrected from 33.3±11.2 mm and 28.8±8.1 mm preoperatively to 18.5±3.5 mm and 27.1±6.8 mm postoperatively, respectively, and it showed no significant change at the last follow-up ( FPF=41.61, P<0.001; FNPF=0.38, P=0.896). While the CBD in PF group was significantly better than that in NPF group ( t=3.23, P=0.002; t=2.94, P=0.008). The incidence of coronal decompensation in PF group was 0%, which was significantly lower than 50% (12/24) in NPF group (χ 2=6.40, P=0.014). In addition, 6 cases in PF group were type C coronal decompensation before operation, and the coronal balance was corrected to type A after surgery (100%). Among 10 patients with type C coronal decompensation in NFP, 4 (40%) patients returned to type A after operation, and the difference was statistically significant (6/6 vs. 4/10, χ 2=5.76, P=0.034). Conclusion:Coronal decompensation (12/32, 37.5%) is not rare in patients after posterior LSHV resection and long fusion. Attention should be paid to the match of the corrections between lumbosacral deformity and compensatory curve, which is of great significance in coronal balance reconstruction. Pelvic fixation is helpful to reduce the incidence of postoperative coronal decompensation, especially for the type C patients.

14.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 179-182, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931358

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application effect of flipped classroom combined with online interactive teaching in clinical clerkship of cardiology.Methods:The study collected 56 students from Batch 2017 five-year clinical medicine undergraduate class of Medical College of China Three Gorges University and they were randomly divided into experimental group and control group in average. The control group adopted the traditional teaching method while the experimental group adopted the combined teaching method. The differences of test scores after teaching were compared between the two groups and the feedback of students on the two methods was also analyzed. SPSS 12.0 was used for t test and chi-square test. Results:The final score of clinical thinking in the experimental group (84.38±3.18) was significantly higher than in the control group (75.43±5.85) ( P<0.05), and the satisfaction of the experimental group to the teaching mode was [86% (24/28)], which was significantly higher than that of the control group [50% (14/28)]. More than 80% of the students in the experimental group regarded that the combined teaching method was helpful to promote the interaction between teachers and students, master relevant knowledge, and improve learning interest and learning efficiency. Conclusion:This combined teaching method can enhance students' clinical thinking ability, learning enthusiasm and efficiency, and finally effectively improve the effect of clerkship.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1148-1162, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929354

ABSTRACT

Combination of passive targeting with active targeting is a promising approach to improve the therapeutic efficacy of nanotherapy. However, most reported polymeric systems have sizes above 100 nm, which limits effective extravasation into tumors that are poorly vascularized and have dense stroma. This will, in turn, limit the overall effectiveness of the subsequent uptake by tumor cells via active targeting. In this study, we combined the passive targeting via ultra-small-sized gemcitabine (GEM)-based nanoparticles (NPs) with the active targeting provided by folic acid (FA) conjugation for enhanced dual targeted delivery to tumor cells and tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs). We developed an FA-modified prodrug carrier based on GEM (PGEM) to load doxorubicin (DOX), for co-delivery of GEM and DOX to tumors. The co-delivery system showed small particle size of ∼10 nm in diameter. The ligand-free and FA-targeted micelles showed comparable drug loading efficiency and a sustained DOX release profile. The FA-conjugated micelles effectively increased DOX uptake in cultured KB cancer cells that express a high level of folate receptor (FR), but no obvious increase was observed in 4T1.2 breast cancer cells that have a low-level expression of FR. Interestingly, in vivo, systemic delivery of FA-PGEM/DOX led to enhanced accumulation of the NPs in tumor and drastic reduction of tumor growth in a murine 4T1.2 breast cancer model. Mechanistic study showed that 4T1.2 tumor grown in mice expressed a significantly higher level of FOLR2, which was selectively expressed on TAMs. Thus, targeting of TAM may also contribute to the improved in vivo targeted delivery and therapeutic efficacy.

16.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 1335-1340, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958035

ABSTRACT

Review article is an important part of medical journals. It provides readers with the latest progress and cutting-edge ideas of medical research, which is of great interests for medical workers. An excellent review is not a simple literature listing. The author not only needs to summarize the important findings and highlights in the literature, but also needs to make a fair evaluation of the current research situation, deeply analyze the deficiencies and put forward his/her own unique views. The purpose is to enable readers to fully and accurately understand the research progress in this field, and inspire the readers to explore ideas, grasp the future direction and carry out innovative research. This paper will focus on how to improve the writing level of medical literature review in the process of topic selection, literature collection and screening, data analysis and evaluation.

17.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1211-1215, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955631

ABSTRACT

Here, we took base construction of neurosurgery as example to discuss and analyze according to requirements and evaluation indexes of base construction in Xinqiao Hospital, and put forward the specific objectives, measures and implementations of base construction. Foremost, we summarized experiences and overcame shortcomings through interpreting and implementing scheme of our base construction, which would help to improve the construction of standardized residency training base in China.

18.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2434-2439, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955030

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the status of hypoglycemia fear, diabetes distress, self-regulatory fatigue and self-management in type 2 diabetes patients. The chain mediating effects of self-regulated fatigue and psychological distress on hypoglycemic fear and self-management were investigated.Methods:The Hypoglycemia Fear Survey-Worry Subscale (CHFSII-WS), Diabetes Distress Scale (DDS), Self-Regulatory Fatigue Scale (SRF-S) and Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities (SDSCA) were used to investigate the type 2 diabetes patients from the department of Endocrinology of the First Affiliated Hospital in Jinzhou Medical University. And constructed the structural equation model.Results:The scores of fear of hypoglycemia in type 2 diabetes patients were positively correlated with psychological pain and self-regulating fatigue ( r=0.739, 0.625, P<0.05), but negatively correlated with self-management level ( r=-0.602, P<0.05). The psychological pain score was positively correlated with the self-regulating fatigue score ( r=0.669, P<0.05) and negatively correlated with the self-management level score ( r=-0.609, P<0.05). The score of self-regulation fatigue was negatively correlated with the score of self-management ( r=-0.596, P<0.05). Pathway analysis showed that hypoglycemia fear could directly affect self-management behavior, indirectly predict self-management level through self-regulation fatigue and psychological pain respectively, and negatively affect self-management behavior through chain mediation of self-regulation fatigue and psychological pain ( χ2/ df=3.079, GFI=0.920, CFI=0.961, NFI=0.943, IFI=0.961, RMSEA=0.078). Conclusions:The Self-regulated fatigue and psychological distress acts as the chain mediators of hypoglycemic fear and self-management in patients with type 2 diabetes.

19.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 236-241, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940608

ABSTRACT

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), a common disease in urology and andrology, is mainly manifested as enlarged prostate glands, bladder outlet obstruction, and lower urinary tract symptoms(LUTS), which seriously affects the quality of life of middle-aged and elderly men. This disease falls into the categories of "retention of urine" and "prostatic hypertrophy" in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). In recent years,many doctors have put forward their understandings of BPH based on academic classics and their clinical experience. Clinical research on the treatment of BPH with TCM has become increasingly abundant. The basic pathogenesis of BPH lies in the disturbance of Qi transformation in the bladder and poor blood circulation due to kidney Qi deficiency in the aged. The disease is located in the kidney and the bladder and is related to the dysfunction of the lung and the kidney. It is basically characterized by deficiency in origin and excess in superficiality. A large number of clinical research reports have proved that TCM is efficient in alleviating the clinical symptoms of BPH patients, improving their quality of life, reducing the volume of the prostate, and decreasing postoperative complications. In addition, the external treatment methods of TCM, such as acupuncture therapy, moxibustion, hot water bathing, acupoint application, anal suppository, and enema therapy, are also widely used in clinical practice, demonstrating the diverse ways of TCM in treating BPH. TCM and western medicine complement each other's advantages in the treatment of BPH, thus enhancing the clinical efficacy and reducing the occurrence of long-term complications. This study reviewed the etiology, pathogenesis, and treatment progress of BPH with TCM in recent years, and summarized the current research status. From three aspects of producing high-quality clinical research, standardizing the clinical diagnosis and treatment of TCM, and combining cutting-edge research to explore the mechanism of TCM, it provided suggestions for clinical research on the treatment of BPH with TCM to promote the development and application of TCM in the treatment of this disease.

20.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 227-235, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940607

ABSTRACT

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) model, as a carrier of BPH, is vital for exploring the pathogenesis of the disease and evaluating the efficacy of corresponding drugs. This paper reviewed the in vivo and in vitro models of BPH, the modeling principles and methods, and evaluation indicators, and analyzed the advantages and disadvantages of different types of models. At present, the BPH model is getting closer to the clinical characteristics of human BPH, providing powerful support for the evaluation of drug efficacy. Furthermore, the model has been developed towards cytology to allow further research on the pathogenesis of BPH. The relevant testing indicators reflect the core pathological changes of BPH from different levels, providing a guarantee for further exploring the pathogenesis of BPH and the development of prevention and control drugs. However, no model can fully simulate the natural development process of human BPH, and each model and evaluation criterion has its unique advantages and limitations. In terms of model evaluation, most BPH models are assessed based on benign prostate enlargement (BPE), and there is still a lack of reliable models to simulate BPH progression and combine with bladder dysfunction. In terms of indicator evaluation, symptom-reflected behavioral indicators are absent in the replication of BPH models in animals. The study of the BPH model in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) only focuses on the replication and investigation of the "disease" model, rather than the "syndromes" and "signs", which cannot simulate the syndrome differentiation and treatment under the guidance of the TCM theory. In view of the above deficiencies, we should further improve the modeling method based on clinical characteristics, explore the multifactor composite models, especially those of disease-syndrome combination suitable for basic research of TCM, replicate the model closing to disease development, and optimize the evaluation indicators, which is of great theoretical and practical significance to develop drugs for effective prevention and control of BPH.

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