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1.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 139-144, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971421

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the effect of Wendler Glottoplasty to elevate vocal pitch in transgender women. Methods: The voice parameters of pre-and 3-month post-surgery of 29 transgender women who underwent Wendler Glottoplasty in department of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery of Beijing Friendship Hospital from January, 2017 to October, 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The 29 transgender women ranged in age from 19-47 (27.0±6.3) years old. Subjective evaluation was performed using Transsexual Voice Questionnaire for Male to Female (TVQMtF). Objective parameters included fundamental frequency (F0), highest pitch, lowest pitch, habitual volume, Jitter, Shimmer, maximal phonation time (MPT), noise to harmonic ratio (NHR) and formants frequencies(F1, F2, F3, F4). SPSS 25.0 software was used for statistically analysis. Results: Three months after surgery, the score of TVQMtF was significantly decreased [(89.9±14.7) vs. (50.4±13.6), t=11.49, P<0.001]. The F0 was significantly elevated [(152.7±23.3) Hz vs. (207.7±45.9) Hz, t=-6.03, P<0.001]. Frequencies of F1, F2 and F3 were significantly elevated. No statistical difference was observed in the frequencies of F4. The highest pitch was not significantly altered while the lowest pitch was significantly elevated [(96.8±17.7) Hz vs. (120.0±28.9) Hz, t=-3.71, P=0.001]. Habitual speech volume was significantly increased [(60.0±5.2) dB vs. (63.6±9.6) dB, t=-2.12, P=0.043]. Jitter, Shimmer, NHR and MPT were not obviously altered (P>0.05). Conclusions: Wendler Glottoplasty could notably elevate the vocal pitch, formants frequencies and degree of vocal femininity in transgender women without affecting phonation ability and voice quality. It can be an effective treatment modality for voice feminization.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Transgender Persons , Retrospective Studies , Speech Acoustics , Voice Quality , Phonation
2.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 709-711, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995978

ABSTRACT

Under the leadership of the Beijing Winter Olympic Organizing Committee and the Beijing Municipal Health Commission, the Beijing Emergency Center, as the designated medical institution for the 2022 Beijing Winter Olympic Games, has completed the first aid support task of this Winter Olympic Games with other medical institutions. The author systematically analyzed the development of each link in the pre-hospital emergency support for the 2022 Beijing Winter Olympic Games, summarizes the key links of the entire Winter Olympics cycle, such as the construction of the organizational system, the formulation of support plans, and the training of support personnel, and analyzed the results of related work, so as to provide reference for the pre-hospital emergency support for China to host large-scale international events in the future.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 138-146, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906341

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the differences in genetic relationship, shape, size, and flavonoid content between traditional and nontraditional medicinal varieties of Citri Reticulatae Semen produced in Sichuan province as well as their equivalence. Method:Six batches of traditional medicinal Citri Reticulatae Semen (<italic>Citrus reticulata</italic> 'Dahongpao') and 23 batches of nontraditional medicinal varieties were collected, and their genetic relationship was explored using sequence-related amplified polymorphism (SRAP) markers. Following the observation of their shapes and sizes under a stereomicroscope, the contents of naringin, hesperidin, and neohesperidin were measured by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). SIMCA 14.1 software was used for cluster analysis of their shapes, sizes, and flavonoid contents, thus figuring out the similarities between the traditional and nontraditional medicinal varieties in character, size, and chemical components. Result:SRAP markers-based genetic relationship analysis effectively distinguished different Citri Reticulatae Semen varieties from each other. Some samples collected from the same or adjacent places exhibited a close genetic relationship and they shared high similarities in shape, size, and flavonoid content. However, the traditional medicinal Citri Reticulatae Semen was still quite different from most nontraditional medicinal varieties. Conclusion:The analysis of differences in genetic materials, appearance, character, and active ingredient content between the traditional and nontraditional medicinal varieties revealed that the equivalence<italic> </italic>of <italic>C.</italic> <italic>reticulata</italic> 'Ponkan' samples from some regions with the traditional medicinal variety was the largest, enabling them to be considered as the emerging medicinal variety.

4.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 876-880, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872378

ABSTRACT

Pre-hospital rescue is key to the emergency medical system. Based on the current pre-hospital emergency standardized system construction in China, the authors explored the standardization of pre-hospital emergency system construction, command dispatch and emergency service quality control standardization, pre-hospital classification standardization, pre-hospital emergency service capacity standardization, pre-hospital emergency and intra-hospital emergency connection standardization, standardized training for pre-hospital emergency doctors and nurses. These efforts aim to achieve such rescue and transfer criteria for patients, as " vicinity, urgency, professional needs, and intension of both patients and their families" . Such criteria if met can further reduce emergency response time and shorten the emergency radius, hence improving emergency medical services.

5.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 828-831, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796484

ABSTRACT

As a key part of the emergency medical system, pre-hospital emergency service proves critical for critical care, higher pre-hospital care success rate, improvement of patient outcome, and promotion of health recovery. This paper analyzed the status quo of pre-hospital emergency services information, discussed the application of information technology in pre-hospital industries including command and dispatch system, ambulance real-time positioning and tracking system, pre-hospital emergency video surveillance system, medical record system, electronic patient health file system, electronic payment system, and data mining and analysis system.Furthermore, it also discussed the prospect of sizably upgrading pre-hospital emergency service and building intelligent pre-hospital emergency coordination system.

6.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 828-831, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792222

ABSTRACT

As a key part of the emergency medical system,pre-hospital emergency service proves critical for critical care,higher pre-hospital care success rate,improvement of patient outcome,and promotion of health recovery.This paper analyzed the status quo of pre-hospital emergency services information,discussed the application of information technology in pre-hospital industries including command and dispatch system,ambulance real-time positioning and tracking system,pre-hospital emergency video surveillance system,medical record system,electronic patient health file system,electronic payment system,and data mining and analysis system.Furthermore,it also discussed the prospect of sizably upgrading prehospital emergency service and building intelligent pre-hospital emergency coordination system.

7.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 1969-1975, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698644

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Our previous study demonstrated that bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) presented with a low survival rate and newly formed vascular-like structures was sparsely distributed in the local infarct tissues after cell transplantation, which certainly impaired the therapeutic efficacy. Long non-coding RNA-H19 (lncRNA-H19) has been confirmed to be associated with MSCs differentiation and mediate vascularization. OBJECTIVE:To observe the influence of lncRNA-H19 on the survival and vascularization potential of MSCs in vitro and to explore the possible mechanism. METHODS:MSCs were obtained and cultured in vitro.Cells were divided into five groups:MSCs+H19,MSCs+H19 negative control (MSCs+H19 NC), MSCs+si-H19, MSCs+si-H19 negative control (MSCs+si-H19 NC) and MSCs groups. MSCs+H19 and MSCs+H19 NC groups were transfected with lncRNA-H19 and lncRNA-H19 scramble RNA respectively, while MSCs+siH19 and MSCs+si-H19 NC groups were transfected with lncRNA-H19 siRNA and lncRNA-H19 siRNA scramble respectively. Cells were cultured under hypoxic-ischemic condition (serum-free medium, 1% O2) for 24 hours. Then, cell proliferation and apoptosis were evaluated using MTS and TUNEL, respectively. Cell supernatant from each experimental group was further co-cultured with human umbilical vein endothelial cells to induce vascularization. The expression of vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) was thereafter detected using western blot assay. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Compared with MSCs+H19 NC and MSCs groups, MSCs+H19 group presented with significantly higher proliferation rate, lower apoptosis percentage and a larger number of vascular branches on matrigel (P < 0.01). There was a significantly higher expression of VEGFA in the MSCs+H19 group than MSCs+H19 NC and MSCs groups. Compared with the MSCs and MSCs+si-H19 NC groups, MSCs+H19 group presented with significantly lower proliferation rate, higher apoptosis percentage and a less number of vascular branches on matrigel (P < 0.01). In addition, VEGFA expression was distinctly downregulated in the MSCs+si-H19 group in comparison with the MSCs+si-H19 NC and MSCs groups. These findings indicate that lncRNA-H19 effectively promotes MSCs survival and vascularization under hypoxic-ischemic condition in vitro,and this effect may be associated with the upregulation of VEGFA.

8.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 606-609, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611383

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the application of MRI in diagnosis of oblique vaginal septum syndrome (OVSS).Methods Clinical and imaging data of 41 patients with OVSS confirmed by surgery from March 2011 to November 2016 were retrospectively analyzed.Results The average age of patients was 20.5 year (10-46 years).The primary clinical symptoms were menorrhalgia (16 cases) and menorrhagia (13 cases).There were 12 cases of type Ⅰ,23 cases of type Ⅱ,5 cases of type Ⅲ and 1 case of type Ⅳamong 41 cases of OVSS.The resections for OVSS were performed in 35 cases.Forty two cases were diagnosed as OVSS by MRI scan,and 41 were confirmed by surgery,the accuracy of MRI diagnosis was 97.6% (41/42).MRI showed uterus didelphys,hydrocolpos or hematocolpos with varying degrees,and revealed ipsilateral renal agenesis in all 41 cases.Conclusion MRI scan can accurately diagnose oblique vaginal septum syndrome and provide comprehensive information for clinical treatment.

9.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 4593-4599, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698278

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Our previous work demonstrated that bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) transplantation could improve cardiac function in rats with myocardial infarction.However,the overall efficacy was unsatisfactory,and there was a low efficiency of BMSCs differentiating into cardiomyocytes in the local infarct myocardium.OBJECTIVE:To transfect long non-coding RNA-Braveheart (IncRNA-Bvht) into BMSCs in order to observe whether it could promote cardiomyocyte differentiation of BMSCs in vitro.METHODS:pLVX-IRES-ZsGreen1-IncRNA-Bvht vector was constructed and applied to transfect IncRNA-Bvht into bMSCs,and then,the transfection efficiency was detected.BMSCs were obtained from C57BL/6 mice and cultured ir vitro.Passage 3 cells were divided into three groups:BMSCs group,null vector group and IncRNA-Bvht group.All cells in the three groups were cultured in the normal condition for 48 hours and cardiomyocytes differentiation was induced by 5-azacytidine for another 24 hours followed by 2-week culture under normal conditions.Cardiomyocyte differentiation of BMSCs was observed under fluorescence microscopy and expression of cardiac specific cell markers including troponin T and myosin were examined using immunofluorescent staining,western blot assay,and qRT-PCR.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Cell morphological changes could be observed in all the groups 2 weeks after the induction.Interconnected cells arranged consistently in all the three groups.Immunofiuorescent staining results showed that the expression of troponin T and myosin was notably positive,and the proportion of troponin T positive cells was significantly increased.qRT-PCR and western blot assay results indicated that there were significantly increased levels of troponin T and myosin in the IncRNA-Bvht group as compared with the BMSCs and null vector groups (P < 0.01),suggesting that IncRNA-Bvht could efficiently promote cardiomyocyte differentiation of BMSCs in vitro.

10.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 5400-5406, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668692

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Our previous studies demonstrated that cardiac stem cells (CSCs) transplantation could improve cardiac function in rats with myocardial infarction (MI). However, the overall survival and cardiac differentiation of CSCs were low. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of hypoxia preconditioning on CSCs proliferation and cardiogenic differentiation and the role of hypoxia induced factor-1alpha (HIF-1α)/apelin/putative receptor protein related to the angiotensin receptor AT1 (APJ) pathway in the procedure. METHODS: Cells cultured in vitro experienced exposure to hypoxia (1% O2) for 24 hours. Cardiogenic differentiation was induced by using 5-azacytidine for another 24 hours. Then, cells were cultured in normal condition for 2 weeks. Normoxia (20% O2) was used as a negative control during the whole process. Cell proliferation was detected using MTS method and expressions of HIF-1α, apelin, cTnT and APJ were detected using western blot assay after 24 hours of preconditioning and 2 weeks after the induction of differentiation; the percentage of cTnT-positive cardiomyocyte-like cells was observed by immunofluorescence staining. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Compared with the normoxia group, the hypoxia group presented a higher proliferation rate and a higher absorbance value at 490 nm (P < 0.01); the protein expressions of HIF-1α, apelin and APJ were all enhanced after hypoxia exposure for 24 hours and 2 weeks after the induction of differentiation (P < 0.01); the percentage of cTnT-positive cells was greatly increased in the hypoxia group (P < 0.01), and the expression of cTnT was also significantly intensified (P < 0.01). To conclude, hypoxia preconditioning could promote the proliferation and cardiogenic differentiation of CSCs, and the activation of HIF-1α/Apelin/APJ pathway might be involved in this process.

11.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 151-156, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-232492

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the value of serum globulin levels before treatment in predicting the prognosis of patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 127 patients with non-disseminated NPC were recruited between January, 2009 and December, 2013 at Nanfang Hospital. The pretreatment serum globulin levels were analyzed with the receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis to select the cut-off point for low and high pretreatment serum globulin levels. Kaplan-Meier and multivariable analyses were used to evaluate the predictive value of serum globulin levels.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The ROC curve analysis determined 30.05 g/L as the optimal cut-off value for pretreatment serum globulin level, which was significantly associated with gender (P=0.024) and N stage (P=0.016). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that a high pretreatment serum globulin level (>30.05 g/L) significantly predicted poor progression-free survival (P=0.019), overall survival (P=0.034) and distant metastasis-free survival (P=0.049); multivariate analysis identified pretreatment serum globulin level as an independent prognostic factor for progression-free survival (HR=2.344, P=0.031).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Pretreatment serum globulin level may serve as a valuable marker to predict the prognosis of patients with NPC.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma , Disease-Free Survival , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Multivariate Analysis , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Blood , Diagnosis , Prognosis , ROC Curve , Serum Globulins
12.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 192-199, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-331087

ABSTRACT

No data were available on the acute oral toxicity, short-term oral toxicity of vegetable carbon in animals. This study was designed to evaluate the safety of two commercially available dietary bamboo charcoal powders (BCP1 and BCP2). The size distribution of the two powders was determined by a Mastersizer 2000 laser particle size analyzer prior to the in vivo safety studies. For the acute toxicity study, a single dose of 11.24 g/kg body weight of BCP1 and BCP2 was given once orally to healthy Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. Mortality and clinical symptoms were observed and recorded for the first 30 min after treatment, at 4 h post-administration, and then at least once daily for 14 days after administration. In the repeated dose 28-day oral toxicity study, BCP1 and BCP2 were administered orally at doses of 2.81, 5.62, and 11.24 g/kg body weight for 28 days to SD rats. Animals were sacrificed and organs and blood samples were analyzed. Results showed that both BCP1 and BCP2 were micro-sized and various in size. In the acute toxicity and the repeated dose 28-day oral toxicity studies, BCP caused neither mortality nor visible signs of toxicity in rats. No significant differences were found in the relative organ weights or in biochemical parameters in BCP treated groups compared to a control group. No treatment-related histological changes were observed in the organs of these animals. Based on these data, it is concluded that the median lethal dose (LD50) of BCP for both male and female rats is more than 11.24 g/kg body weight and the no-observed-adverse-effect level (NOAEL) is >11.24 g/kg body weight for 28 days.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Rats , Bambusa , Chemistry , Diet , Powders , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Toxicity Tests, Acute
13.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2601-2604, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-477680

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of siRNA targeting decoy receptor 3 on the cell proliferation of ovarian carcinoma cell CAOV3. Methods We constructed siRNA targeting decoy receptor 3,which was transfected into ovarian carcinoma cells CAOV3 , and observed the effects of DcR3 siRNA on the cell proliferation of CAOV3 cell by MTT experiment. The experiment contained 3 groups, including the normal control group (CAOV3 cell was not transfected), the negative control group (CAOV3 cell was transfected with blank vector) and the experimental group (CAOV3 cell was transfected with DcR3 siRNA). The expression levels of DcR3 mRNA were detected by Real-time PCR. Results DcR3 siRNA recognized and degraded DcR3 mRNA in CAOV3 cells of the experimental group. DcR3 mRNA of the experimental group was significantly decreased. The proliferation of CAOV3 cell was significantly decreased by DcR3 siRNA comparing with the normal control group and negative control group (P < 0.01). Conclusion DcR3 siRNA can inhibit the proliferation of ovarian cancer cell line CAOV3 by recognized and degraded DcR3 mRNA.

14.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 192-9, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636990

ABSTRACT

No data were available on the acute oral toxicity, short-term oral toxicity of vegetable carbon in animals. This study was designed to evaluate the safety of two commercially available dietary bamboo charcoal powders (BCP1 and BCP2). The size distribution of the two powders was determined by a Mastersizer 2000 laser particle size analyzer prior to the in vivo safety studies. For the acute toxicity study, a single dose of 11.24 g/kg body weight of BCP1 and BCP2 was given once orally to healthy Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. Mortality and clinical symptoms were observed and recorded for the first 30 min after treatment, at 4 h post-administration, and then at least once daily for 14 days after administration. In the repeated dose 28-day oral toxicity study, BCP1 and BCP2 were administered orally at doses of 2.81, 5.62, and 11.24 g/kg body weight for 28 days to SD rats. Animals were sacrificed and organs and blood samples were analyzed. Results showed that both BCP1 and BCP2 were micro-sized and various in size. In the acute toxicity and the repeated dose 28-day oral toxicity studies, BCP caused neither mortality nor visible signs of toxicity in rats. No significant differences were found in the relative organ weights or in biochemical parameters in BCP treated groups compared to a control group. No treatment-related histological changes were observed in the organs of these animals. Based on these data, it is concluded that the median lethal dose (LD50) of BCP for both male and female rats is more than 11. 24 g/kg body weight and the no-observed-adverse-effect level (NOAEL) is >11.24 g/kg body weight for 28 days.

15.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1105-1109, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-241173

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the factors influencing the premarital medical examination in Chinese population and to discuss the related possible intervention strategies.Methods Data were collected through self-designed questionnaires on 2572 newly married respondents,selected under a stratified randomized sampling method,at Marriage Registration Office in 12 counties in Zhejiang province.Predictive factors were derived from the integrating complementary constructs of Health Belief Model,Theory of Reasoned Action as well as individual demographic characteristics.Multiple logistic multilevel analyses was used as the main statistical method,with individuals as the ' low' and counties as the 'high' levels.Results Behaviors on premarital medical examination showed a clustering trait at the county level (P=0.018) and variance partition coefficients (VPC) of each variables was between 15.40% and 17.58%.There were no statistical significances found in the rates of premarital medical examination among gender,age,residence of Household Registration,education,income,health insurance and history of premarital medical examination.However,significant correlation was seen on occupation of the respondents.The rate of premarital medical examination among the respondents who had not attended medical examination during the last six moths was 1.31times (95% confidence intervals,1.05 -1.65 ) more than those who had,with OR (odds ratio) as 1.51 (95%CI:1.14-2.00) for the pregnant respondents in their first marriage and 0.35 (95%CI:0.23-0.51 )for remarried respondents,compared with women at first marriage but remained unpregnant.Regarding premarital medical examination,the respondents reported greater benefits,less barriers,greater positive behavioral attitudes and normative beliefs to it,with an ORs as 2.32 (95% CI:1.18-4.60),0.71 (95%CI:0.57-0.90),1.69 (95%CI:1.10-2.58) and 1.72 (95%CI:1.34-2.20)respectively,but with no significant association with perceived susceptibility,perceived severity and motivation to comply.Conclusion Factors such as individual perceived benefits,barriers,attitudes and normative beliefs etc.,were determinants of premarital medical examination accompanied by minor (16%) influence coming from the geographical environment.

16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1348-1352, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261870

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of histone demethylase lysine specific demethylase1 (LSD1) in patients with acute leukemia (AL) and its clinical significance. LSD1 protein expression level was detected by semi-quantitative Western blot in HL-60 and SHI-1 leukemia cell line, in bone marrow mononuclear cells of acute AL patients with different condition [new diagnosis, complete remission (CR) and relapse] and in patients with non malignant hematopathy (control). Clinical data of AL patient followed up was collected. The relationship of LSD1 expression level with clinical prognosis was analyzed. The results showed that in HL-60 and SHI-1 leukemia cell line, LSD1 expression was strong positive, relative amount (LSD1/β-actin gray level rate) was 4.647 ± 3.840 and 1.628 ± 0.185 (n = 4) respectively. In 72 AL patients, LSD1 expression levels were quite different. LSD1 positive rate was 56.9% (41/72), average relative amount was 1.053 ± 1.976. In 17 controls, LSD1 positive rate was 0%, relative amount was 0.004 ± 0.012. The LSD1 positive rate in newly diagnosed AML or ALL group (90.4%, 77.8%) and refractory/relapse AML or ALL group (100%, 100%) was higher than that in AML or ALL CR group (4.7%, 0%) (p = 0.000), relative amount of LSD1 showed no statistically difference between newly diagnosed AML and ALL groups (1.177 ± 1.646, 1.275 ± 1.845) or refractory/relapse group (2.050 ± 2.470, 4.107 ± 3.676) and CR group (0.029 ± 0.033, 0.019 ± 0.024) (p > 0.05). In all AL patients, LSD1 positive rate in newly diagnosed (84.6%) and refractory/relapse groups (100%) was higher than that in CR group (3.8%). LSD1 relative amount in newly diagnosed group (1.274 ± 1.760), refractory/relapse group (3.359 ± 3.319) and CR group (0.027 ± 0.031) was higher than that in control group (p < 0.01), and in refractory/relapse group was higher than that in newly diagnosed group and CR group (p < 0.01), in newly diagnosed group was higher than that in CR group (p < 0.01). It is concluded that overexpression of LSD1 is correlated with refractory or relapse in AL. LSD1 expression level can reflect disease status of AL patients and may be a predictive biomarker for unfavourable prognosis of AL.


Subject(s)
Humans , HL-60 Cells , Histone Demethylases , Metabolism , Leukemia , Metabolism , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Metabolism , Recurrence
17.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 171-174, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295993

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the association between psychiatric disorders and socioeconomic status such as education,income,employment and area of community settings in Zhejiang province.Methods Data were from the epidemiological survey of mental illnesses aged 15 and older in 2001(n=14 632).Psychiatric disorders were measured by GHQ-12 with a cut-point 4.Logistic multilevel analysis was the main statistical method being used.Results The overall prevalence of psychiatric disorders was 18.5%(95% confidence intervals,17.9% to 19.1%),higher than the data from Hebei province(u=4.39,P<0.001).Annual household income and employment were strongly associated with psychiatric disorders especially for those with low income(odds ratio 3.45,95%CI:1.72-6.67)and unemployment(odds ratio 2.03,95%CI:1.73-2.40).Factors as regional effect and education level showed weak or inconsistent association with psychiatric disorders after controlling on other indicators.Conclusion Inverse gradient relation between psychiatric disorders and SES seemed as the main result of low SES individual characteristics and some minor effects at the county level.

18.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 128-133, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-291577

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To find out the perceived stress in general public during prevalence of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and its impact on health behavior.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective survey was conducted in Guangzhou, Hangzhou, and Taiyuan according to the epidemic situations of SARS, and 2532 subjects were randomly selected from constructive industry, school, and commercial business and residents in urban and rural areas. The perceive stress was measured by Chinese perceived stress scale (CPSS), and health related behavior during SARS was tested by uniform and self-made questionnaire. EpiData 2.0 was used for data management and CPSS value was calculated according to answer to 14 questions contained in the scale. Health risk stress among different population group and health related behavior among low, medium and high stress state were analyzed by SPSS 11.5.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>2424 subjects were involved in the survey. The CPSS value was measured from 0 - 49 (22.7 +/- 6.8), M = 24.0. 39.3% (953/2379) subjects were under the health risk stress. The health related behaviors such as washing hands, opening the window for air, keeping away from others when cough and sneeze, doing exercises etc were reduced with the stress increased. Logistic regression indicated that compared with the persons with the thoughts of nothing serious of SARS, without any dread of SARS, and knowing nothing about prevention of SARS, the perceived stress was significantly related with perceiving of the thread to certain extent (beta = 0.41, Wald chi(2) = 4.84, P = 0.03), worrying little about the epidemic (beta = 0.50, Wald chi(2) = 6.69, P = 0.01), worrying about it to certain extent (beta = 1.39, Wald chi(2) = 48.59, P = 0.00) and scared so much (beta = 1.77, Wald chi(2) = 53.59, P = 0.00), and knowing little about the prevention (beta = 0.74, Wald chi(2) = 4.48, P = 0.03), knowing something about prevention (beta = -0.98, Wald chi(2) = 8.29, P = 0.00) and knowing the prevention very well (beta = -1.18, Wald chi(2) = 10.66, P = 0.00).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The adoption of health related behaviors declined with increase of perceived stress. Opening connection to authority and government, enhancing the awareness of outburst affairs among general public and providing positive social support may be effective ways to reduce the population perceived stress.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Culture , Health Behavior , Occupations , Retrospective Studies , Rural Population , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , Epidemiology , Psychology , Social Perception , Surveys and Questionnaires , Urban Population
19.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1105-1108, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-316051

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the prevalence of mental disorder through the 12-item general health questionnaire (GHQ-12) survey and its related factors in community settings in Zhejiang Province.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A muti-level model was analyzed using data of 14,632 respondents nested in counties (cities), townships (urban districts), villages (urban neighborhoods) from the epidemiological survey of mental illnesses above 15 years old.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mean score measured by GHQ-12 was (1.54 +/- 2.15), which was lower than that of samples from four cities of Guangzhou, Chongqing, Taiyuan and Hangzhou (U = 11.08, P < 0.01). The mental disorder clustered within county (city) level, which represented 4.3% (chi(2) = 3.94, P < 0.05) of the total variance including four levels. After controlling for the county level, the mental disorder was associated with age, marital status, residency patterns, education, occupation and household incoming. In particular, it was reported that higher household incoming was significantly associated with better mental disorder among population in community settings.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The prevalence of mental disorder clustered at the county (city) level is relatively lower with vulnerable groups including divorced, widowed, unemployed, retired, lower-income ones in community settings in Zhejiang Province.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , China , Epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Mental Disorders , Epidemiology , Population Surveillance , Prevalence , Surveys and Questionnaires
20.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 245-249, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-270512

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify the effective stress management strategies among the Chinese.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The sample was selected from Hangzhou, Guangzhou, Chongqing and Taiyuan by using a multi-stage sampling procedure, including 3679 subjects. The data were collected using the household interviewing survey method. The Chinese perceived stress scales (CPSS) measured stress. Stress management strategies included the cognitive and behavioral ones, the former were further divided into positive, neutral and negative ones and the latter were divided into three kinds, i.e. looking for support, liberating and displacing, and relaxing and detracting. The frequency of their usage and their perceived effectiveness were assessed. Multivariable analysis was used to examine the association between various stress management strategies and stress.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The prevalence of health risk stress (HRS) was 44.54% (95% CI: 42.90% - 46.12%). Among the cognitive strategies, all the positive strategies and one of neutral strategies ("Suiyuan") were associated with lower HRS, and the rest of them had no effects. Among the behavioral strategies, all were associated with lower HRS except that of looking for support.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The effective stress management strategies identified in this study might be used to develop a stress management program.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , China , Epidemiology , Educational Status , Occupations , Psychology, Social , Sampling Studies , Social Behavior , Social Environment , Stress, Psychological , Epidemiology , Psychology , Therapeutics , Surveys and Questionnaires , Urban Population
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