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1.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 449-453, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982263

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Taking artificial hip joint test as the object, integrating ISO/IEC 17025 and GLP, and establishing a new set of management requirements for test influence factors.@*METHODS@#The requirements of ISO/IEC 17025 and GLP regulations for influencing factors were compared and analyzed, the similarities and differences were found, and the two were integrated to formulate new management requirements for each influencing factor.@*RESULTS@#From the personnel, equipment, materials, methods, reports, filing and other factors, a set of management requirements in line with ISO/IEC 17025 and GLP was formulated, so that the laboratory can provide the objective, real and accurate test data for medical equipment manufacturers and regulatory authorities.@*CONCLUSIONS@#It can improve the test quality of the laboratory and ensure the authenticity and reliability of the test data and conclusions.


Subject(s)
Reproducibility of Results , Laboratories , Hip Joint
2.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 51-58, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996127

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effects of heat-sensitive moxibustion plus Chinese medication on serum inflammatory indicators, T-lymphocyte subsets, and serum microRNAs in patients with multiple myeloma after chemotherapy. Methods: Eighty-two patients with multiple myeloma who had terminated chemotherapy were divided into an observation group and a control group using the random number table method, with 41 cases in each group. The control group received symptomatic treatment of Western medicine plus oral Chinese medication Yi Shen Qiang Gu Tang (decoction for benefiting the kidney to strengthen bones), and the observation group received additional heat-sensitive moxibustion treatment. After the intervention, the following measures were observed, including clinical efficacy, symptom scores of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), and tumor patient's quality of life (QOL) scores [including Karnofsky performance status (KPS) score, performance scale (PS) score, and tumor-specific QOL questionnaire score] alongside the serum inflammatory indicators [tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), C-reactive protein (CRP), and interleukin-6 (IL-6)], and the relative expression levels of T-lymphocyte subsets (CD3+, CD4+, and CD8+) and serum microRNA-302 (miR-302), microRNA-140-5p (miR-140-5p), and microRNA-125a (miR-125a). Results: After treatment, the total effective rate was 85.4% in the observation group, higher than 68.3% in the control group (P<0.05). The observation group was superior to the control group in improving the serum inflammatory factor levels, TCM symptom scores, tumor patient's QOL scores, and the relative expression levels of T-lymphocyte subsets and serum miR-302, miR-140-5p, and miR-125a, and the between-group differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion: Heat-sensitive moxibustion plus Chinese medication can lower the serum inflammatory factor levels, strengthen immune function, mitigate TCM symptoms, enhance QOL, and raise the expression levels of serum miR-125a, miR-140-5p, and miR-302 in multiple myeloma patients after chemotherapy.

3.
Chinese Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology ; (6): 513-514, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992194

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate whether icari-in(ICA)plays a neuroprotective role by improving glyco-lytic function through activating Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway.METHODS HT22 cells were treated with Aβ25-35 for 24 h to establish AD cell model,ICA was added in 2 h before Aβ25-35 and the DKK1(a specific inhibitor of the Wnt signaling pathway)was added in 0.5 h before ICA.Pharmacodynamic study:HT22 cells were divided into control group,ICA group(ICA 10 μmol·L-1),model group(Aβ25-3520 μmol·L-1),model + ICA group(Aβ25-3520 μmol·L-1 +ICA 2.5,5,10 μmol·L-1);Mechanism study:HT22 cells were divided into control group,model group,Aβ25-35+ICA 10 μmol·L-1 group,Aβ25-35+DKK1 group,Aβ25-35+DKK1+ ICA group.The cell viability was detected by MTT assay and the cell morphology was obtained by microscope,the lactate content was detected by lactate assay,the ATP content was measured with the chemiluminescence method,the expression levels of HK1,PKM1 and the pro-tein expression of molecules related to the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway(Wnt3a,GSK3β,pGSK3β Try216,pGSK3β Ser9,β-catenin,pβ-catenin Ser33/37 Thr41,Active β-catenin and nuclear β-catenin)was assayed by Western blotting.The nuclear translocation of β-catenin was observed by immunofluorescent staining.RESULTS Compared with the control group,the viability of cells in the model group was reduced,the morphology of cells was significantly damaged,the ATP content and lactate content were significantly decreased,and the glycolytic key enzymes:the protein levels of HK1,PKM1 and the protein levels of Wnt3a,pGSK3β Ser9,active β-catenin and nuclear β-catenin were significantly reduced,and the phosphorylation levels of β-catenin Ser33/37 Thr41 were significantly increased.Compared with the model group,the cell morphology was significantly improved and the viability was significantly increased,the ATP and lactate content were significantly increased,the expressions of HK1,PKM1 and Wnt3a,pGSK3β Ser9,active β-catenin and nuclear β-catenin protein were significantly upregulat-ed,and the phosphorylation levels of β-catenin Ser33/37 Thr41 were significantly reduced after ICA treatment.However,when the canonical Wnt signaling was inhibited by DKK1,the above effects of ICA on glycolysis were abolished.CONCLUSION ICA exerts neuroprotective effects on Aβ25-35-induced HT22 cell injury by enhancing the glycolysis function through the activation of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway.

4.
Chinese Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology ; (6): 505-505, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992184

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate whether gas-trodin(GAS)plays a neuroprotective role by activating PI3K/Akt/BACH1 signaling axis to improve glycolytic func-tion.METHODS HT22 cells were treated with Aβ25-35 for 24 h to establish cell damage model.GAS pretreated HT22 cells for 2 h,and Akt agonist SC79,Akt inhibitor MK2206,PI3K inhibitor LY294002 were added 0.5 h before GAS treatment to detect their protective mecha-nisms.Pharmacodynamic research of GAS in this model were divided into six groups:control group,GAS group(GAS 10 μmol·L-1),model group(Aβ25-35 20 μmol·L-1),model +GAS 2.5,5 and 10 μ mol·L-1 group).Mecha-nism research of GAS in this model was divided into 6 groups:control group,Aβ25-35 20 μmol·L-1 group,Aβ25-35 20 μmol·L-1 + GAS 10 μmol·L-1 group,Aβ25-35 + SC79 group(Aβ25-35 20 μmol·L-1 +SC79 10 μmol·L-1),Aβ25-35+MK2206+GAS group(A β 25-35 20 μ mol·L-1 +MK2206 10 μmol·L-1+GAS 10 μmol·L-1),Aβ25-35+LY294002+GAS group(Aβ25-35 20 μmol·L-1+LY294002 10 μmol·L-1+GAS 10 μmol·L-1).Cell viability was detected by MTT,mor-phological changes of cells were observed by micro-scope,ATP content was detected by chemilumines-cence,and pyruvate(PA)content was detected by colo-rimetry.Western blotting was used to detect the protein levels of transcription factor BACH1,key glycolysis enzyme hexokinase(HK1)and PI3K/Akt signaling path-way related proteins PI3K,p-PI3K,Akt and p-Akt.RESULTS The results showed that compared with the control group,the cell morphology of HT22 cells damaged by Aβ25-35 was damaged,the number of cells decreased,the cell body became smaller,the number of dead cells increased,the cell survival rate,ATP and PA contents decreased significantly,and the protein expressions of p-PI3K,p-Akt,BACH1 and HK1 were significantly down-regulated.GAS treatmentcansignificantlyimprovethemor-phology of HT22 cells damaged by Aβ25-35,increase cell survival rate,ATP and PA contents,and up-regulate the expression of p-PI3K,p-Akt,BACH1 and HK1 proteins.SC79 also significantly increased cell survival rate,ATP content,protein expression of BACH1 and HK1.However,the above ameliorative effect of GAS on HT22 cell dam-age induced by Aβ25-35 was antagonized by LY294002 and MK2206.CONCLUSION GAS exerts a neuroprotec-tive effect on Aβ25-35-induced HT22 cell injury by improv-ing glycolytic function through activating PI3K/Akt/BACH1 signaling axis.

5.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 296-301, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992092

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the cerebral infarct volume and the nerve fiber connectivity between cortical and neurogenesis-related regions in the mouse model of reperfusion after middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) by 11.7 Tesla(11.7 T) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).Methods:MCAO models were established in SPF grade adult male C57BL/6 mice using the suture-occluded method.MRI scans were performed at 3 days before and 1 day after modeling.Infarct volumes were calculated, and nerve fiber tracking was performed on specific brain regions to analyze the nerve fiber number and the parameters of fractional anisotropy(FA), mean diffusivity(MD), axial diffusivity (AD)and radial diffusivity(RD). SPSS 26.0 was used for statistical analysis, and paired t test was used to compare the data before and after modeling. Results:(1) After MCAO-induced ischemia, the infarct volume was up to (35.11±17.57)mm 3, and the FA value of the infarct area was significantly reduced compared with that of before modeling( t=4.73, P<0.01). (2) At the anterior-posterior(AP): + 1.2 mm section, the results of fiber tracking showed that compared with before modeling, the number of fiber bundles originating from the dorsal horn of the lateral sub-ventricle zone(SVZ)to the cortex reduced ((92 584.20±14 751.00) vs (59 815.60±6 752.46), t=4.87, P<0.01), and the number of fiber bundles projected to the infarcted area reduced ((107 671.40±10 497.57) vs (61 658.60±10 178.21), t=6.43, P<0.01). FA, AD, MD, and RD values were all decreased in different degrees( t=3.38-6.43, all P<0.05). (3) At the AP: -3.8 mm section, the number of fiber bundles originating from the dorsal horn of the SVZ to the cortex decreased (after modeling(96 944.00±18 331.09), before modeling(58 767.80±16 445.25), t=2.99, P<0.05), and the values of FA, AD, MD and RD decreased after ischemia ( t=7.30, 5.05, 6.74, 4.13, all P<0.05). Conclusion:The ultra-high field strength of 11.7 T MRI can accurately detect the following results that the number of nerve fiber bundles from the SVZ to the cortex or infarct area are both significantly reduced, and diffusion tensor parameters are consistently changed in mice after 1 day of ischemia-reperfusion.

6.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 391-397, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991642

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the types and distribution characteristics of elements in drinking water from endemic fluorosis areas with water improvement in Xi'an City, understand the relationship between fluoride and various elements, and conduct health risk assessment on potential high-risk elements.Methods:From May to June 2017, one endemic fluorosis area with water improvement (Gaoling District, Huyi District, Lintong District) was selected according to the northeast, the southwest and the due east directions of Xi'an City as the survey area. Sixteen endemic fluorosis villages were selected from each endemic area, and 2 water samples were collected from each endemic village to detect fluoride and 12 elements such as chromium, manganese, ferrum, copper, zinc, arsenic, selenium, molybdenum, cadmium, antimony, barium, and lead. Hygienic evaluation was conducted according to national standards, and the potential high-risk elements (arsenic, molybdenum) were assessed for health risk through the health risk assessment model recommended by the National Environmental Protection Agency of the United States.Results:The water samples from the endemic fluorosis areas in Xi'an City mainly contained seven elements: barium, ferrum, molybdenum, arsenic, zinc, manganese, and chromium. The content of copper and selenium was relatively low, while the content of cadmium, antimony, and lead was extremely low. The fluoride content in water samples from Gaoling District and Lintong District was relatively high, and the fluorine, arsenic, molybdenum elements was pairwise positively correlated ( P < 0.05). The molybdenum element in water samples from Lintong District exceeded 9.38% (3/32). The fluoride in the water samples of Huyi District was relatively low, and the arsenic, molybdenum elements was positively correlated ( r = 0.84, P < 0.001), and the arsenic element exceeded the standard by 25.00% (8/32). The main health risk of drinking water in endemic fluorosis areas with water improvement in Xi'an City was arsenic exposure, with children at a higher risk than adults, and the areas of Huyi District, Lintong District, and Gaoling District declined, the risk of cancer (CR) of Gaoling District was < 10 -4 and hazard quotient (HQ) was < 1. However, in the areas of Huyi District and Lintong District (except HQ of adults), there was a higher risk (CR > 10 -4, HQ > 1). Children in one endemic fluorosis village in Lintong District had a higher non carcinogenic risk of molybdenum (HQ > 1). Conclusions:The drinking water in endemic fluorosis areas with water improvement in Xi'an City mainly contains 7 elements, especially arsenic and molybdenum, which need to be regularly monitored. Some areas have high health risks of arsenic in water, and monitoring, management, and related epidemiological investigations need to be strengthened. At the same time, it is necessary to actively monitor other toxic and harmful substances that may be introduced during the water improvement process to prevent the occurrence of secondary health problems.

7.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 224-228, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989930

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the value of CT texture analysis (CTTA) parameters in differential diagnosis of benign and malignant thyroid nodules in Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.Methods:From May. 2020 to Oct. 2021, 110 patients with thyroid nodules in the background of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis in the Radiology Department of Nanjing Integrated Hospital of Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine were selected, and CTTA was performed. CTTA parameters (entropy value, peak state and skewness) were counted. The pathological diagnosis results were taken as the "gold standard". Statistical pathological examination results were used to compare the general clinical characteristics and CTTA parameters of benign and malignant thyroid nodules. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) was used to analyze the diagnostic value of CTTA parameters for thyroid nodules.Results:According to the clinicopathological examination, 43 of 110 patients with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis were malignant, accounting for 39.09%. Among them, 22 were papillary carcinoma, 13 were follicular carcinoma, 6 were medullary carcinoma, and 2 were malignant lymphoma; 67 cases were benign, accounting for 60.91%, including 32 nodular goiters, 20 Hashimoto’s nodules, 8 thyroid adenomas, and 7 focal inflammation. The levels of TSH, irregular shape, blurry border and calcification in patients with malignant thyroid nodules were higher than those in patients with benign thyroid nodules ( t/ χ2=13.167, 18.364, 20.180,17.621, P<0.001). In the background of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, there was no significant difference in the peak and skewness of CTTA parameters between benign and malignant thyroid nodules ( t=1.633, 1.382, P=0.105, 0.170). The entropy value of patients with malignant thyroid nodules was higher than that of patients with benign thyroid nodules, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=9.862, P<0.001). ROC analysis showed that the cut-off value of entropy value for diagnosing benign and malignant thyroid nodules was 6.28, AUC value was 0.909, 95% CI was 0.839-0.955, sensitivity was 86.05% (37/43), and specificity was 88.06% (69/67) . Conclusion:CTTA parameters in Hashimoto’s thyroiditis patients with benign and malignant thyroid nodules are different, and CTTA parameters have certain diagnostic value for benign and malignant thyroid nodules.

8.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3318-3335, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007960

ABSTRACT

ATP is an important cofactor involved in many biocatalytic reactions that require energy input. Polyphosphate kinases (PPK) can provide energy for ATP-consuming reactions due to their cheap and readily available substrate polyphosphate. We selected ChPPK from Cytophaga hutchinsonii for substrate profiling and tolerance analysis. By molecular docking and site-directed mutagenesis, we rationally engineered the dual-substrate channel cavity of polyphosphate kinase to improve the catalytic activity of PPK. Compared with the wild type, the relative enzyme activity of the screened mutant ChPPKK81H-K103V increased by 326.7%. Meanwhile, the double mutation expanded the substrate utilization range and tolerance of ChPPK, and improved its heat and alkali resistance. Subsequently, we coupled the glutathione bifunctional enzyme GshAB and ChPPKK81H-K103V based on this ATP regeneration system, and glutathione was produced by cell-free catalysis upon disruption of cells. This system produced (25.4±1.9) mmol/L glutathione in 6 h upon addition of 5 mmol/L ATP. Compared with the system before mutation, glutathione production was increased by 41.9%. After optimizing the buffer, bacterial mass and feeding time of this system, (45.2±1.8) mmol/L glutathione was produced in 6 h and the conversion rate of the substrate l-cysteine was 90.4%. Increasing the ability of ChPPK enzyme to produce ATP can effectively enhance the conversion rate of substrate and reduce the catalytic cost, achieving high yield, high conversion rate and high economic value for glutathione production by cell-free catalysis. This study provides a green and efficient ATP regeneration system that may further power the ATP-consuming biocatalytic reaction platform.


Subject(s)
Molecular Docking Simulation , Catalysis , Glutathione , Adenosine Triphosphate
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2168-2177, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007643

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Women comprise more than half of people living with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) worldwide and incomplete immune recovery and metabolic abnormalities affect them deeply. Studies of HIV antiretroviral therapy (ART) have a low female representation in China. We aimed to investigate immune reconstitution and metabolic changes of female HIV-positive cohort in China longitudinally.@*METHODS@#HIV-positive women who initiated ART from January 2005 to June 2021 and were followed up regularly at least once a year were included in this study. Immunological indicators (cluster of differentiation 4 [CD4] counts and CD8 counts), viral load (VL), and metabolic indicators were collected at follow-up. All data were collected from the China Disease Prevention and Control Information System (CDPCIS). VL was tested half a year, 1 year after receiving ART, and every other year subsequently according to local policy. CD4/CD8 ratio normalization was considered as the primary outcome and defined as a value ≥1. Incidence rate and probability of CD4/CD8 ratio normalization were estimated through per 100 person-years follow-up (PYFU) and Kaplan-Meier curve, respectively. Multivariate Cox regression was used to identify independent risk factors associated with CD4/CD8 ratio normalization. We further studied the rate of dyslipidemia, hyperuricemia, diabetes, liver injury, and renal injury after ART initiation with the chi-squared tests or Fisher's exact probability tests, and a generalized estimating equation model was used to analyze factors of dyslipidemia and hyperuricemia.@*RESULTS@#A total of 494 female patients with HIV/AIDS started ART within 16 years from January 2005 to June 2021, out of which 301 women were enrolled with a median duration of ART for 4.1 years (interquartile range, 2.3-7.0 years). The overall incidence rate of CD4/CD8 ratio normalization was 8.9 (95% confidence interval [CI], 7.4-10.6) per 100 PYFU, and probabilities of CD4/CD8 normalization after initiating ART at 1 year, 2 years, 5 years, and 10 years follow-up were 11.7%, 23.2%, 44.0%, and 59.0%, respectively. Independent risk factors associated with CD4/CD8 normalization were baseline CD4 cell counts <200 cells/μL, CD8 counts >1000 cells/μL, and more than 6 months from the start of combined ART (cART) to first virological suppression. Longitudinally, the rate of hypercholesterolemia (total cholesterol [TC]) and high triglyceride (TG) showed an increasing trend, while the rate of low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) showed a decreasing trend. The rate of hyperuricemia presented a downtrend at follow-up. Although liver and renal injury and diabetes persisted during ART, the rate was not statistically significant. Older age and protease inhibitors were independent risk factors for increase of TC and TG, and ART duration was an independent factor for elevation of TC and recovery of HDL-C.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This study showed that women were more likely to normalize CD4/CD8 ratio in comparison with findings reported in the literature even though immune reconstruction was incomplete.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , CD4-CD8 Ratio , HIV , Immune Reconstitution , Hyperuricemia/drug therapy , HIV Infections/drug therapy , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/drug therapy , Anti-Retroviral Agents/therapeutic use , Cholesterol , Viral Load , CD4 Lymphocyte Count , Anti-HIV Agents/therapeutic use
10.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1710-1730, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981165

ABSTRACT

Heat shock proteins (HSPs) widely exist in all organisms, the structures of which are usually extraordinarily conservative. They are also well-known stress proteins that are involved in response to physical, chemical and biological stresses. HSP70 is an important member of the HSPs family. In order to study the roles of amphibians HSP70 during infection, the cDNA sequence of Rana amurensis hsp70 family genes were cloned by homologous cloning method. The sequence characteristics, three-dimensional structure and genetic relationship of Ra-hsp70s were analyzed by bioinformatics methods. The expression profiles under bacterial infection were also analyzed by real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR). Expression and localization of HSP70 protein were tested by immunohistochemical techniques. The results showed that three conservative tag sequences of HSP70 family, HSPA5, HSPA8 and HSPA13, were found in HSP70. Phylogenetic tree analysis indicated four members are distributed in four different branches, and members with the same subcellular localization motif are distributed in the same branch. The relative expression levels of the mRNA of four members were all significantly upregulated (P < 0.01) upon infection, but the time for up-regulating the expression levels were diverse in different tissues. The immunohistochemical analysis showed that HSP70 was expressed to different degrees in the cytoplasm of liver, kidney, skin and stomach tissue. The four members of Ra-hsp70 family have ability to respond bacterial infection to varying degrees. Therefore, it was proposed that they are involved in biological processes against pathogen and play different biological functions. The study provides a theoretical basis for functional studies of HSP70 gene in amphibians.


Subject(s)
Heat-Shock Proteins/genetics , Phylogeny , Amino Acid Sequence , HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins/metabolism , Stress, Physiological
11.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 739-742, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957290

ABSTRACT

Primary sarcopenia is age-related and can lead to falls, osteoporosis, fractures, malnutrition, frailty, sarcopenic obesity, and even loss of independent living silks in patients, which all increase the risk of hospitalization and the cost of healthcare.Early diagnosis of sarcopenia is an effective means to prevent these adverse events.This paper reviewed relevant studies conducted in China and other countries on imaging techniques for the diagnosis of sarcopenia, and examines the advantages and disadvantages of different techniques, in order to sort out well-grounded principles for clinical practice and future improvement in the management of sarcopenia.

12.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1499-1505, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957144

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the change trend of survival rate after hip fragility fracture in Tianjin Hospital from 2015 to 2021, and the influence of gender, marital status, age and number of complications on survival rate.Methods:From January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2021, a total of 12,570 patients with fragility fracture of hip were retrieved, including 3,934 males and 8,636 females. The age at admission was 74.11±9.50 years and 74.62±8.99 years respectively. By comparing the ID number with the Tianjin population information database, 2,054 cases died, including 804 males and 1,250 females, aged 81.34±7.88 years and 81.92±7.42 years respectively at the time of death. Acquire the patient's survival status, calculate the cumulative survival rate at 3 month intervals, study the change rule of the cumulative survival rate over time, and use Kaplan-Meier method to calculate the cumulative survival rate of the whole population and the impact of gender, marital status, age, and number of complications on the survival rate.Results:The median survival time of all the dead people after fracture was 13(3, 31) months, including 11(2, 27) months for males and 15(4, 32) months for females. Joinpoint regression showed that 9 months after the hip fragility fracture was the break point of the survival rate. The mortality rate changed significantly within 9 months after fracture (the annual change rate was 47%), and slowed down 9 months later (the annual change rate was 1%). There was a statistically significant difference in trend detection before and after the break point ( P<0.05). The age at admission was 80.11±7.71 years for the dead and 73.36±9.01 years for the non dead, with a statistically significant difference ( t=31.80, P<0.001). After normalization, the number of complications was 0.20±0.93 among the dead and 0.00±0.87 among the non dead, with a statistically significant difference ( t=88.81, P<0.001). The survival rate of men after hip fracture is lower than that of women, the number of people without spouse is lower than that of people with spouse, the number of people with more than 70 years old is lower than that of people with less than 70 years old, and the number of complications ≥2 people is lower than that of people with less than 1 complication, all of which are statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The survival rate within 9 months after the occurrence of hip fragility fracture decreased significantly, and it needs to be tracked and managed for at least 9 months to effectively reduce the risk of death; Male, no spouse, age>70 years old, number of complications ≥2 will increase the risk of death after hip fragility fracture, leading to reduced survival rate of patients.

13.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 845-851, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956661

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate left ventricular myocardial work in pregnant women with impaired glucose tolerance(IGT) in the third trimester by the non-invasive technical parameters of pressure-strain loop(PSL), and to explore its predictive value of risk of perinatal adverse events.Methods:From October 2020 to October 2021, 70 pregnant women of IGT and 50 healthy pregnant women in Henan Provincial People′s Hospital were included, and a 75 g oral glucose tolerance test(OGTT) was performed at 24-28 weeks. Then their routine obstetric examinations were followed up until one week postpartum and perinatal adverse events were recorded, such as diabetic mother-infant syndrome, macrosomia, et al. After 36 weeks of pregnancy before childbirth, echocardiography was performed and dynamic images of 3-5 cardiac cycles at apical four-chamber view, three-chamber view, and two-chamber view were recorded.Simultaneously, pressure-strain loop(PSL) curve, left ventricular global longitudinal strain(GLS), global work index(GWI), global constructive work(GCW), global wasted work(GWW) and global work efficiency(GWE) were calculated through the EchoPAC 203 workstation. Then the differences of all parameters were compared between the two groups. And a prediction model for perinatal adverse events was built by binary logistic regression, and ROC curve was used to analyze the prediction efficiencies of the prediction model and each independent influencing factor.Results:Compared with the control group, the absolute values of GLS, GWI and GCW of IGT group were lower(all P<0.05). The incidence of perinatal adverse events of the IGT group, including adverse pregnancy outcomes and neonatal adverse outcomes, was higher than that in the control group( P<0.05). According to logistic regression model, the GLS, GWI, GCW and 2-hour postprandial blood glucose(2-hPBG) were independent influencing factors for perinatal complications(all P<0.05); in addition, ROC curve anaysis showed the area under the curve of the predictive model based on the influencing factors, GLS, GWI, GWE and 2-h PBG were respectively 0.903, 0.820, 0.879, 0.854 and 0.771. Conclusions:The parameters of PSL can quantitatively assess the changes of left ventricular myocardial work in pregnancy women with IGT; and the incidence of perinatal adverse events in IGT pregnant women is higher; GWI, GCW, the models constructed based on GLS, GWI, GCW and 2-hPBG have potential values in predicting the risk of perinatal adverse events.

14.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 585-590, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955752

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a hydride generation atomic fluorescence method using ammonium persulfate as the digestion reagent for determination of arsenic in urine (hereinafter referred to as this method).Methods:The collected urine samples with ammonium persulfate were heated and digested on the tubular electric heating automatic control constant temperature digester (60 holes), with 5% hydrochloric acid solution as reaction medium and current carrier and 1.5% potassium borohydride solution as reducing agent. Arsenic content was determined with a four-channel atomic fluorescence spectrometer. The arsenic standard solution of 0 - 10 μg/L was prepared to determine the standard curve of this method, and the method was evaluated from the detection limit, linear range, correlation coefficient, precision, standard addition recovery experiment, and urine arsenic quality control sample detection. The standard method "Determination of Arsenic in Urine by Hydride Generation Atomic Fluorescence Spectrometry" (WS/T 474-2015, referred to as the standard method) was used for comparison experiments.Results:When the sampling volume was 1 ml, the detection limit of this method (digest with 1 ml 1.5 mol/L ammonium persulfate) was 0.03 μg/L. In the range of arsenic content from 0 - 10 μg/L, the linear relationship between arsenic content and fluorescence intensity was good, and the correlation coefficients ( r) were all 0.999 9. The relative standard deviations( RSD) of the three replicates of urine samples with different concentrations were 1.00%, 0.89% and 0.49%, respectively. Urine arsenic quality control samples were tested, and the test results were all within the range of public values; the overall average recovery was 102.29%, and the recovery range was 92.10% - 108.15%. Compared with the standard method in the determination results of 20 urine samples, the difference was not statistically significant ( t = - 0.40, P > 0.05). Conclusions:The hydride generation atomic fluorescence spectrometry using ammonium persulfate as digestion reagent for the determination of arsenic in urine has the advantages of low detection limit, good precision, high accuracy, small amount of sampling and digestion reagent, simple operation, and less harmful gas generation in sample pretreatment. It is suitable for rapid determination of arsenic in urine in large quantities.

15.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 841-846, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955324

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the characteristics of macular telangiectasia (MacTel) in multi-color and multi-mode fundus images.Methods:An abservational case series study was conducted.Sixteen eyes of 12 patients diagnosed with MacTel by fluorescein fundus angiography (FFA) from January to November 2019 in Shandong Eye Hospital were analyzed.There were 8 cases (8 eyes) with MacTel type Ⅰ, among which 4 cases were male and 4 cases were female, with an average age of (62.3±12.5) years.The other 4 cases (8 eyes) had MacTel type Ⅱ, all of which were female, with an average age of (58.7±10.5) years.Best corrected visual acuity, slit lamp microscopy, color fundus photography, multicolor scanning laser imaging, FFA, optical coherence tomography (OCT) and optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) were carried out in all the patients.This study adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki.The study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of Shandong Eye Institute (No.2019S003).Results:In color fundus images of MacTel type Ⅰ eyes, annular macular exudation with macular edema occurred in 6 eyes, macular edema without hard exudates in 1 eye, and hard macular exudates without macular edema in 1 eye.However, the transparency of retina in temporal fovea in MacTel type Ⅱ eyes decreased, showing a gray color.In multi-color fundus images of MacTel type Ⅰ eyes, punctate granular yellow macular exudation and yellow-green macular edema were observed, which were clearer than those in color fundus images.Punctate exudation was seen in both the blue and green reflectance images, which was clearest in green reflectance image, followed by blue reflectance image and then the infrared reflectance image.In OCT images of MacTel type Ⅰ eyes, cystoid edema of inner retina or uneven reflection signal of outer plexiform retina were observed.Loss of inner and outer retinal structures and cavities were observable in MacTel type Ⅱ eyes, and outer retinal atrophy appeared in 2 eyes.In OCTA images, the destruction of superficial and deep capillary plexus in macular area were observed in both MacTel typeⅠand type Ⅱ eyes, and the destruction of deep capillary plexus was more obvious.In addition, more obviously increased vascular space, decreased vessel density, and increased foveal avascular zone were found in MacTel type Ⅱ eyes.In early stage of FFA, delayed capillary filling near fovea was seen in MacTel typeⅠeyes, and dilated temporal vessels in fovea, some of which showed tumor-like dilation, and the limited tumor-like dilation was enhanced in the later stage.Different degrees of dilated parafoveal blood vessels in the early stage, and the capillary in the temporal side of the macula showing diffuse strong fluorescence in the late stage of FFA was observed in MacTel type Ⅱ eyes.Conclusions:Multi-color scanning laser imaging can be used to observe the morphological characteristics of MacTel, and the imaging features of different types of MacTel are significantly different.

16.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1482-1485, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954776

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical characteristics, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of inverted Meckel′s diverticulum in children, and to summarize the clinical experience.Methods:Ten children who received surgical treatment in Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University from October 2018 to October 2021 were retrospectively analyzed.The children were diagnosed with Mecker′s diverticulum.Their data were complete and their fo-llow-up information was available.The clinical features, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis were summarized.There were 6 males and 4 females, whose age of onset ranged from 5 months to 12 years and 5 months.The clinical manifestations were abdominal pain in 8 cases, crying in 2 cases and bloody stool in 3 cases.B-ultrasound showed suspected diseases secondary to inverted Meckel′s diverticulum, including small intestinal intussusception in 6 cases and back junction type intussusception in 4 cases.One case of small intestinal intussusception was misdiagnosed after laparoscopic exploration in other hospitals and suffered from recurrent intussusception.All patients underwent segmental bowel resection.Results:Of the 10 children, 8 cases received laparoscopic exploration and 2 cases underwent open surgery for secondary intestinal necrosis.Postoperative pathology revealed Meckel′s diverticulum.Ectopic tissue was accessible in 8 cases, including ectopic gastric tissue in 7 cases, and ectopic pancreas in 1 case.During the postoperative follow-up period (1 month-3 years), the patients were generally in good condition with no complications such as intestinal obstruction.Conclusions:Intussusception secondary to inverted Meckel′s diverticulum is rare and difficult to diagnose before operation.The diagnosis should be confirmed by surgical exploration and postoperative pathology.However, careful surgical exploration is required since inverted Meckel′s diverticulum is prone to be misdiagnosed during exploration.

17.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1190-1193, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954711

ABSTRACT

Asthma is the most common chronic respiratory disease in children and requires long-term medical management.Adolescence has unique physical and psychological characteristics, which challenge the management of asthma in adolescents.A personalized transition strategy can achieve a successful asthma transition from childhood into adulthood and improve long-term outcomes of asthma.In this paper, the characteristics of adolescence, burden of adolescent asthma, challenges to adolescent asthma, adolescent asthma management system, and successful transition of adolescent asthma were reviewed.

18.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 582-586, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954082

ABSTRACT

Mucus plugs is a feature of fatal asthma, which is the abnormally thick mucus accumulated in the airway of patients.The study of airway mucus plugs in asthmatic patients began 100 years ago.In addition to the manifestation of primary disease, asthma patients with mucus plugs may have acute exacerbation of asthma or poor treatment effect.At this time, we should pay attention to the existence of mucus plugs.Multidetector computed tomography can be used to identify and evaluate mucus plugs.This article briefly describes the generation of airway mucus, and introduces the formation mechanism, clinical characteristics, identification and scoring system of mucus plugs in asthmatic patients, and reviews the differential diagnosis and treatment of mucus plugs.

19.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 528-534, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953557

ABSTRACT

Seaweed is a traditional Chinese medicine homologous to food, in which polysaccharides are responsible for anti-cancer by enhancing immunity, inducing cancer cell apoptosis, inhibiting cancer cell invasion and metastasis or directly scavenging oxidative free radicals that induce cancer cell changes. Among them, regulating immunity and promoting cancer cell apoptosis are intensively studied due to the important role in preventing cancer. Here we reviewed seaweed in the apoptosis-inducing signaling pathways including PI3K/AKT, ROS and JNK and discussed challenges in studying seaweed.

20.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 240-247, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940818

ABSTRACT

Diabetic nephropathy is one of the most common microvascular complications of diabetes. It is the main cause of end-stage renal disease and a cause of increased mortality of diabetes. Moreover, diabetic nephropathy has a complex pathogenesis, which is difficult to be detected in the early stage. Therefore, it is easy to miss the optimal intervention period in clinical treatment, which seriously endangers the life and health of patients. As an active ingredient of Chinese medicine, polysaccharides have biological activities such as anti-tumor, lowering blood sugar, immune regulation, anti-oxidation and anti-virus. In recent years, many studies have demonstrated that polysaccharides in Chinese medicine can effectively interfere with diabetic nephropathy, with multi-target and multi-channel characteristics and significant effect, showing great potential. Although there are many studies on the mechanism of Chinese medicine polysaccharides in the intervention of diabetic nephropathy, there is a lack of a systematic and detailed review on it. Therefore, based on the animal experiments on the intervention of Chinese medicine polysaccharides in diabetic nephropathy in recent years, we analyzed and summarized the mechanism of Chinese medicine polysaccharides in the intervention of diabetic nephropathy from five aspects of improving insulin resistance, improving oxidative stress, reducing inflammatory reaction, protecting kidney and improving intestinal flora. In addition, the signaling pathways and indicators involved in the mechanism were summarized, and the intervention effect and polysaccharide structure analysis were compared. The paper was expected to provide a theoretical basis for the basic research, new drug development and clinical application of Chinese medicine polysaccharides in the intervention of diabetic nephropathy.

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