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1.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 57: e13351, fev.2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550147

ABSTRACT

Abstract The complex pathogenesis of castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) makes it challenging to identify effective treatment methods. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-12 can degrade elastin as well as various extracellular matrix (ECM) components, which is associated with cancer progression. However, the relationship between MMP-12 and CRPC progression is poorly understood. In this study, we observed the effect of MMP-12 on the progression of CRPC and further explored its potential mechanism of action. High levels of MMP-12 were observed in patients with CRPC. We therefore developed cell co-culture and mouse models to study the function of MMP-12. Silencing MMP-12 in CRPC cells disrupted lipid utilization and autophagy marker expression via the CD36/CPT1 and P62/LC3 pathways, respectively, leading to reduced CRPC cell migration and invasion. Moreover, animal experiments confirmed that MMP-12-knockdown CRPC xenograft tumors exhibited reduced tumor growth, and the mechanisms involved the promotion of cancer cell autophagy and the inhibition of lipid catabolism. According to our results, MMP-12 played important roles in the progression of CRPC by disrupting adipocyte maturation and regulating cancer migration and invasion via the modulation of autophagy and lipid catabolism pathways.

2.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-223133

ABSTRACT

Background: Previous population-based studies in western countries had revealed increased skin cancer risk among transplant recipients compared to the general population. However, population-based studies in Asia on skin cancer among recipients of different transplanted organs were lacking in the literature. Aims: This study aims to estimate skin cancer risk among recipients in Taiwan, examine the association between each specific type of skin cancer and each type of transplanted organ, and compare skin cancer risk between different immunosuppressive regimens. Methods: This population-based retrospective cohort study identified 7550 patients with heart, lung, kidney or liver transplantation and 30,200 controls matched for gender, age and comorbidity index from the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan between 2000 and 2015. Using multivariable Cox proportional hazard models, we estimated the hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals for the correlation of skin cancer with organ transplantation as well as immunosuppressive regimen. Results: Organ transplant recipients in Taiwan had an increased risk of skin cancer with adjusted hazard ratios of 4.327 (95% confidence intervals 2.740–6.837, P < 0.001), with the greatest risk, observed among heart recipients (adjusted hazard ratios 6.348, 95% confidence intervals 3.080–13.088, P < 0.001). The risk of non-melanoma skin cancer and melanoma was 4.473 (95% confidence intervals 2.568–7.783, P < 0.001) and 3.324 (95% confidence intervals 1.300–8.172, P < 0.001), respectively. When comparing immunosuppressants, those with calcineurin inhibitors carried the highest risk of skin cancer (adjusted hazard ratios 4.789, 95% confidence intervals 3.033–7.569, P < 0.001), followed by those with antimetabolites (adjusted hazard ratios 4.771, 95% confidence intervals 3.025–7.541, P < 0.001). Limitations: We could not evaluate confounding behavioural risk factors of skin cancers that were not documented in the database, nor could we recognize patients’ compliance with immunosuppressants. Conclusion: Organ recipients have a greater risk of skin cancer. Clinicians should inform recipients of the importance of photoprotection and regular dermatologic follow-up

3.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 89(3): 401-409, May-June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1447704

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective MicroRNA-29a-3p has been reported in a variety of cancers, but its role in hypopharyngeal cancer remains unclear. This study was to determine the role of microRNA-29a-3p in the occurrence and development of hypopharyngeal cancer. Methods 40 patients with hypopharyngeal cancer who underwent surgery in the Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical University from April 2013 to November 2017 were selected for this study. The cancer tissue samples of the patients were collected, and the patients were followed up for three years. The expression of microRNA-29a-3p in tissue samples was detected by in situ hybridization with fluorescent probe, and the relationships among microRNA-29a-3p and clinicopathological factors, postoperative recurrent-metastasis, survival time were studied. Immunohistochemical was used to detect the expression of Ki67 and E-cadherin in tissue samples. Results Combined with HE staining results showed that microRNA-29a-3p expression was relatively high in non-cancer tissue cells (red blood cells and fibroblasts in tumor interstitial vessels), but was relatively low in cancer tissue and cells. According to the follow-up data of 40 patients with hypopharyngeal cancer, tumor size, T-stage, tumor differentiation, postoperative recurrent-metastasis of hypopharyngeal cancer patients were significantly negatively correlated with microRNA-29a-3p (p< 0.05). Immunohistochemica results further confirmed that microRNA-29a-3p was negatively correlated with the expression of Ki67 and E-cadherin. The survival time of patients positively related with microRNA-29a-3p expression (p< 0.05). Moreover, ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve of the combined detection of miRNA-29a-3p+Ki67+E-cadherin was larger than that of the single detection of the three indexes. Conclusions The expression of microRNA-29a-3p is closely related to the occurrence, development and prognosis of hypopharyngeal cancer, and it affects the proliferation and invasion. This indicates that microRNA-29a-3p serves as a therapeutic target for the occurrence and development of hypopharyngeal cancer. The evidence of study designs of this study is IV using "Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine 2011 Levels of Evidence".

4.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 89(3): 462-468, May-June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1447705

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives To determine whether tinnitus negatively impacts the accuracy of sound source localization in participants with normal hearing. Methods Seventy-five participants with tinnitus and 74 without tinnitus were enrolled in this study. The accuracy of sound source discrimination on the horizontal plane was compared between the two participant groups. The test equipment consisted of 37 loudspeakers arranged in a 180° arc facing forward with 5° intervals between them. The stimuli were pure tones of 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, and 8 kHz at 50 dB SPL. The stimuli were divided into three groups: low frequency (LF: 0.25, 0.5, and 1 kHz), 2 kHz, and high frequency (HF: 4 and 8 kHz) stimuli. Results The Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) score of all the stimuli in the tinnitus group was significantly higher than that in the control group (13.45 ± 3.34 vs. 11.44 ± 2.56, p = 4.115, t < 0.001). The RMSE scores at LF, 2 kHz, and HF were significantly higher in the tinnitus group than those in the control group (LF: 11.66 ± 3.62 vs. 10.04 ± 3.13, t = 2.918, p = 0.004; 2 kHz: 16.63 ± 5.45 vs. 14.43 ± 4.52, t = 2.690, p = 0.008; HF: 13.42 ± 4.74 vs. 11.14 ± 3.68, t = 3.292, p = 0.001). Thus, the accuracy of sound source discrimination in participants with tinnitus was significantly worse than that in those without tinnitus, despite the stimuli frequency. There was no difference in the ability to localize the sound of the matched frequency and other frequencies (12.86 ± 6.29 vs. 13.87 ± 3.14, t = 1.204, p = 0.236). Additionally, there was no correlation observed between the loudness of tinnitus and RMSE scores (r = 0.096, p = 0.434), and the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) and RMSE scores (r = −0.056, p = 0.648). Conclusions Our present data suggest that tinnitus negatively impacted sound source localization accuracy, even when participants had normal hearing. The matched pitch and loudness and the impact of tinnitus on patients' daily lives were not related to the sound source localization ability. Level of evidence 4.

5.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-223109

ABSTRACT

Background: Melasma is a chronic skin condition that adversely impacts quality of life. Although many therapeutic modalities are available there is no single best treatment for melasma. Oral tranexamic acid has been used for the treatment of this condition but its optimal dose is yet to be established. Objectives: We used network meta-analysis to determine the optimal dose of oral tranexamic acid for the treatment of melasma. Methods: We conducted a comprehensive search of all studies of oral tranexamic acid for the treatment of melasma up to September 2020 using PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library database. The quality of the studies was evaluated using the Jadad score and the Cochrane’s risk of bias assessment tool. Only high quality randomised controlled trials were selected. Some studies lacked standard deviation of changes from baseline and these were estimated using the correlation coefficient obtained from another similar study. Results: A total of 92 studies were identified of which 6 randomized controlled trials comprising 599 patients were included to form 3 pair-wise network comparisons. The mean age of the patients in these studies ranged from 30.3 to 46.5 years and the treatment duration ranged from 8 to 12 weeks. The Jadad scores ranged from 5 to 8. The optimal dose and duration of oral tranexamic acid was estimated to be 750 mg per day for 12 consecutive weeks. Limitations: Some confounding factors might not have been described in the original studies. Although clear rules were followed, the Melasma Area and Severity Index and the modified Melasma Area and Severity Index were scored by independent physicians and hence inter-observer bias could not be excluded. Conclusion: Oral tranexamic acid is a promising drug for the treatment of melasma. This is the first network meta-analysis to determine the optimal dose of this drug and to report the effects of different dosages. The optimal dose is 250 mg three times per day for 12 weeks, but 250 mg twice daily may be an acceptable option in poorly adherent patients. Our findings will allow physicians to balance drug effects and medication adherence. Personalized treatment plans are warranted.

6.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2023 Mar; 61(3): 159-166
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-222581

ABSTRACT

MicroRNA-20a-5p (miR-20a-5p) has been shown to function as a tumor promoter factor in several cancers. However, its role in small cell lung cancer (SCLC) remains unclear. In this study, we have made an attempt to measure the tumor tissue levels of miR-20a-5p in patients with SCLC using quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The biological function of miR-20a-5p in SCLC cells was investigated in vitro and in vivo studies, including cell proliferation, migration assays and tumorigenicity in nude mice. Meanwhile?we conducted the luciferase reporter assay to verify the biological relationship between miR-20a-5p and CCNG2. The expression of miR-20a-5p was significantly upregulated in human SCLC compared to that in normal tissues. Kaplan-Meier analysis indicated that patients with high expression of miR-20a-5p are closely related with the shorter survival of SCLC. Further, multivariate analysis showed that miR-20a-5p was an independent prognostic factor. Increasing miR-20a-5p expression promotes the proliferation, migration and invasion of the NCI-H446 cells in vitro and in vivo. Dual-luciferase reporter gene assay demonstrated that miR-20a-5p directly targets CCNG2. These findings suggest that miR-20a-5p levels might be a novel diagnostic and prognostic marker of SCLC. Inhibiting miR-20a-5p could be a promising therapeutic strategy for SCLC.

7.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 39: e39052, 2023.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1555446

ABSTRACT

Previous Chinese research revealed that diarsenic trioxide (As2O3) inhibits acute promyelocytic leukemia (PML) cell proliferation and initiates apoptosis through degradation of the PML-retinoic acid receptor protein. This study was to analyse whether As2O3 also had an effect on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. As2O3 effects on various HCC cell lines and primary HCC cells were investigated in time and dose series, including measurements of cell growth, PML mRNA and protein expression, xenografted tumor formation, and the self-renewal Oct4 and hepatocyte marker expressions in mouse model xenografts or cells treated with PML siRNA. The results were analyzed by immunocytochemistry, quantitative reverse transcription PCR and western blotting as well as indocyanine green and Periodic Acid Schiff staining. As2O3 inhibited HCC cell and HCC cell-derived xenograft tumor formation in a time-dependent manner and reduced PML protein expression in HCC cells, but had limited effects on PML mRNA levels in cell nuclei. The HCC cell line HuH7 treated with As2O3 showed a decreased expression of alpha-fetoprotein and increased expression and transcription of mature hepatocyte markers, indicating differentiation of HCC cells into hepatocytes. Cytokeratin 18 protein and mRNA levels as well as tyrosine aminotransferase and apolipoprotein B mRNA transcriptions were enhanced by As2O3 as were the numbers of indocyanine green and Periodic Acid Schiff stained cells. In addition, As2O3 downregulated the expression of Oct4. In conclusion, since As2O3 inhibited HCC cell proliferation and HCC cell-derived xenograft tumor formation it is suggested that an appropriate concentration of As2O3 might be a promising therapy to treat HCC.

8.
Biol. Res ; 56: 12-12, 2023. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1429913

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Drought stress has significantly hampered agricultural productivity worldwide and can also result in modifications to DNA methylation levels. However, the dynamics of DNA methylation and its association with the changes in gene transcription and alternative splicing (AS) under drought stress are unknown in linseed, which is frequently cultivated in arid and semiarid regions. RESULTS: We analysed AS events and DNA methylation patterns in drought-tolerant (Z141) and drought-sensitive (NY-17) linseed under drought stress (DS) and repeated drought stress (RD) treatments. We found that the number of intron-retention (IR) and alternative 3' splice site (Alt3'SS) events were significantly higher in Z141 and NY-17 under drought stress. We found that the linseed response to the DS treatment was mainly regulated by transcription, while the response to the RD treatment was coregulated by transcription and AS. Whole genome-wide DNA methylation analysis revealed that drought stress caused an increase in the overall methylation level of linseed. Although we did not observe any correlation between differentially methylated genes (DMGs) and differentially spliced genes (DSGs) in this study, we found that the DSGs whose gene body region was hypermethylated in Z141 and hypomethylated in NY-17 were enriched in abiotic stress response Gene Ontology (GO) terms. This finding implies that gene body methylation plays an important role in AS regulation in some specific genes. CONCLUSION: Our study is the first comprehensive genome-wide analysis of the relationship between linseed methylation changes and AS under drought and repeated drought stress. Our study revealed different interaction patterns between differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and DSGs under DS and RD treatments and differences between methylation and AS regulation in drought-tolerant and drought-sensitive linseed varieties. The findings will probably be of interest in the future. Our results provide interesting insights into the association between gene expression, AS, and DNA methylation in linseed under drought stress. Differences in these associations may account for the differences in linseed drought tolerance.


Subject(s)
DNA Methylation , Flax/genetics , Stress, Physiological/genetics , Alternative Splicing/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Gene Expression Profiling , Droughts , Transcriptome
9.
Clinics ; 78: 100213, 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1447980

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives Pain is associated with many circumstances, including inflammatory reactions, which arise from modification of the features of signaling pathways. α2-adrenergic receptor antagonists are widely utilized in narcosis. Here, the authors focused on the narcotic effect of A-80426 (A8) on Complete Freund's Adjuvant (CFA) injections-triggered chronic inflammation pain in WT and TRPV1-/- mice and explored whether its antinociceptive impact was modulated via Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid 1 (TRPV1). Method CFA with or without A8 was co-administered to the mice, which were categorized randomly into four groups: CFA, A8, control, and vehicle. Pain behaviors underwent evaluation through mechanical withdrawal threshold, abdominal withdrawal reflex, and thermal withdrawal latency of WT animals. Results Quantitative polymerase chain reaction revealed that inflammation-promoting cytokines (IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α) were upregulated in Dorsal Root Ganglion (DRG) and Spinal Cord Dorsal Horn (SCDH) tissues of WT animals. A8 administration reduced the pain behaviors and production of pro-inflammatory cytokines; however, this effect was significantly reduced in TRPV1-/- mice. Further analysis showed that CFA treatment reduced the TRPV1 expression in WT mice and A8 administration increased its expression and activity. The co-administration of SB-705498, a TRPV1 blocker, did not influence the pain behaviors and inflammation cytokines in CFA WT mice; however, SB-705498 the effect of A8 in WT mice. In addition, the TRPV1 block decreased the NFκB and PI3K activation in the Dorsal Root Ganglia (DRG) and Spinal Cord Dorsal Horn (SCDH) tissues of WT mice. Conclusions Together, A8 exerted a narcotic impact on CFA-supplemented mice via the TRPV1-modulated NFκB and PI3K pathway.

10.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 56: e12421, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430022

ABSTRACT

This study evaluated the effects of perioperative nutrition management by a multidisciplinary team on nutrition and postoperative complications of patients with esophageal cancer. A total of 239 patients with esophageal cancer who underwent esophagectomy and gastric conduit reconstruction for esophageal or esophagogastric junction cancer between February 2019 and February 2020 were included in the study. They were divided into the experimental group (120 patients) and the control group (119 patients) using the random number table method. Control group patients received routine diet management and experimental group patients received perioperative nutrition management by a multidisciplinary team. The differences of nutriture and postoperative complications between the two groups were compared. At 3 and 7 days after surgery, the experimental group patients had higher total protein and albumin levels (P<0.05), shorter postoperative anal exhaust time (P<0.05), lower incidence of postoperative gastrointestinal adverse reactions, pneumonia, anastomotic fistula, hypoproteinemia (P<0.05), and lower hospitalization costs (P<0.05) than the control group. Nutrition management by a multidisciplinary team effectively improved the nutriture of patients, promoted the rapid recovery of postoperative gastrointestinal function, reduced postoperative complications, and reduced hospitalization costs.

11.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e211035, 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1505835

ABSTRACT

Abstract Compound Danshen Dripping Pills (CDDPs) have been used in clinical treatment to protect the heart from ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury for many years. However, the underlying mechanism implicated in the protective effects remains to be explored. Here, we determined the effects of CDDPs in Sprague-Dawley rats with the IR model. Cardiac function in vivo was assessed by echocardiography. Transmission electron microscopy, histological and immunohistochemical techniques, Western blotting and recombinant adeno-associated virus 9 transfection were used to illustrate the effects of CDDPs on IR and autophagy. Our results showed that pretreatment with CDDPs decreased the level of serum myocardial enzymes and infarct size in rats after IR. Apoptosis evaluation showed that CDDPs significantly ameliorated the cardiac apoptosis level after IR. Meanwhile, CDDPs pretreatment increased myocardial autophagic flux, with upregulation of LC3B, downregulation of p62, and increased autophagosomes and autolysosomes. Moreover, the autophagic flux inhibitor chloroquine could increase IR injury, while CDDPs could partially reverse the effects. Furthermore, our results showed that the activation of AMPK/mTOR was involved in the cardioprotective effect exerted by CDDPs. Herein, we suggest that CDDPs partially protect the heart from IR injury by enhancing autophagic flux through the activation of AMPK/mTOR.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Reperfusion/classification , Reperfusion Injury/classification , Blotting, Western/instrumentation , Heart/physiopathology , Ischemia/classification , Echocardiography/methods , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission/methods , Infarction/pathology
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961327

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the distribution characteristics and functional genes of cariogenic bacteria in oral microorganisms of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and to improve the understanding of the relationship between type 2 diabetes mellitus and dental caries.@*Methods@#The experimental group included 10 patients with type 2 diabetes treated in the Department of Endocrinology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Medical University. The normal control group included healthy oral subjects without type 2 diabetes in the community population (10 cases). Samples of supragingival plaque from patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and normal controls were collected and sequenced. Bioinformatics and statistical analysis of cariogenic bacteria such as Streptococcus mutans, Lactobacillus, Actinomyces viscosus and Candida albicans were carried out.@*Results@#There were slightly fewer cariogenic bacteria such as Streptococcus mutans, Lactobacillus, Actinomyces viscosus and Candida albicans in supragingival plaque samples of type 2 diabetic patients than in normal controls, but the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). The results of KEGG pathway functional metabolic differences showed that the metabolic pathways of D-arginine and D-ornithine metabolism, biofilm formation-Escherichia coli, carolactam degradation and arginine biosynthesis were more abundant in the T2DM group than in the normal control group, while metabolic pathways such as tyrosine metabolism, selenocompound metabolism and pyruvate metabolism showed the opposite trend. @*Conclusion @#There was no significant difference in the content of cariogenic microorganisms between type 2 diabetic patients and normal control group. The differential metabolic pathways of the functional genes indicated that an increase in the arginine metabolic pathway was beneficial to the maintenance of acid-base balance in the oral microecological environment.

13.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 534-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979748

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Objective To explore the regional, age and annual characteristics of distribution and variation trend of children and adolescents with poor vision in Hainan Province, and to provide a theoretical basis for the formulation of targeted and effective prevention and treatment strategies. Methods The eyesight monitoring data of 5 657 231 children and adolescents aged 6 to 19 from 17 cities and counties in Hainan Province from 2013 to 2020 were analyzed. Using the "Standard Logarithmic Vision Chart" (GB11533-2011) that complies with national standards for testing. Results The rate of poor vision among children and adolescents in Hainan Province increased significantly from 2013 to 2020, and the difference between the years was statistically significant (P<0.001). The total poor vision rate in the left eye increased 10.09% (32.79% to 42.88%), and that of severe poor vision rate increased 6.68%, while that of the right eye increased 9.80% (33.11% to 42.91%) and 6.49%. The poor vision rate was significantly higher in females than in males of same year (P<0.001), but the increase pattern was the same. In 2020, there were significant differences between the same age groups in different cities and counties and between different age groups in the same city and county (P<0.001), and they all tended to increase with age. The result of analyzing the distribution characteristics of the total poor vision rate of different age groups children in the eastern (Qionghai), southern (Sanya), western (Changjiang), northern (Haikou) and central (Dingan) cities showed that the regional rate difference was small at 6-7 years old, and then increased with the increase of age. The poor vision rate of Haikou City ranked the first in all age groups, and reached the highest at 17 years old, with 76.32% and 80.89% of total poor vision rate of left and right eyes respectively. Sanya City ranked second, Qionghai ranked third. The poor vision rate of Changjiang County was lower and the growth rate was slower according to age. Conclusions From 2013 to 2020, the total and severe poor vision rates in left and right eyes of children aged 6-19 in Hainan Province increased year by year, with the ascension range of female higher than that of male, and right eye higher than that of left eye. In the same year, the poor vision rate increase rapidly with age. It is recommended to further strengthen the daily intervention and management of key populations and special age groups to reduce the rate of low vision in children and adolescents.

14.
STOMATOLOGY ; (12): 141-144, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979292

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of frequently used Duraphaton preventing dental demineralization of patients with fixed orthodontic appliances. @*Methods@# A total of 50 orthodontic patients wearing fixed appliances at Department of orthodontics, Affiliated Stomatological Hospital, Nanjing Medical University from June to December 2021 were selected as study subjects by convenient sampling method. They were then randomly divided into experimental group and control group according to random numbers. The experimental group received high-frequency fluoride treatment for unilateral maxillary lateral incisors and no treatment on the contralateral side. Meanwhile, the control group received placebo treatment for unilateral maxillary lateral incisors and no treatment on the contralateral side. Each patient was followed up for 6 months. The initial and final photographs of patients' maxillary lateral incisors were observed and scored to determine the mean demineralization progression index for each group.@*Results@#The difference in mean demineralization progression index was statistically significant when comparing different groups(P<0.05), and the lowest incidence of demineralization was reported in the Duraphattreated group (0.960±0.465), followed respectively by the fluoride-free control group (1.213±0.713), the placebo control group (1.267±0.720) and the placebo treatment group (1.307±0.713). @*Conclusion@#High frequency use of Duraphatis is effective in reducing the incidence of demineralization in patients with fixed orthodontic appliances.

15.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 224-228, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964419

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the association of sleep quality, depressive symptoms and their interaction with non suicidal self injury (NSSI) among rural middle school students, so as to provide a reference for early prevention and control of NSSI among rural middle school students.@*Methods@#A multi stage cluster sampling method was used to randomly select four rural middle schools in Xuzhou, Jiangsu Province. A total of 1 723 middle school students were investigated according to the principle of grade stratification and class random selection. Paper questionnaires (including demographic factors, Non Suicidal Self Injury Short Scale, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Patient Health Questionnare-9) were used to conduct the questionnaire survey. Logistic regression model was used to analyze the association of sleep quality, depressive symptoms and their interaction with NSSI among rural middle school students.@*Results@#Totally 30.5% of middle school students had NSSI. Univariate results showed that girls (33.0%) had a higher incidence of NSSI than boys(27.3%), and those with sleep disorders and depressive symptoms had a higher incidence of NSSI, which was 46.8%, 43.6%. The results of multivariate Logistic regression showed that the risk of NSSI in students with sleep disorder was 1.80 times that in those without sleep disorder( OR 95%CI=1.42-2.28, P <0.01). The risk of NSSI in students with depressive symptoms was 3.32 times higher than that in those without depressive symptoms( OR 95%CI=2.60-4.24, P <0.01). The interaction results showed that there was additive interaction between sleep disturbance and depressive symptoms on the occurrence of NSSI behavior in rural middle school students, and the relative excess risk, attributable proportion and synergy index were 1.80, 0.30 and 1.57, respectively.@*Conclusion@#Sleep disorder and depressive symptoms are risk factors for NSSI among rural middle school students, and there is additive interaction between them.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972230

ABSTRACT

Objective@# To investigate the effect of root canal therapy (RCT) on inflammatory cytokines level in peripheral blood, anxiety, and depression in patients with pulpitis.@*Methods @#A total of 155 patients with pulpitis admitted to the Stomatology Hospital of the Fourth Military Medical University from June 2021 to June 2022 were treated with root canal therapy. Another 155 persons who received health examinations during the same period were selected as the control group. The Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7) scores and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) scores of the two groups were compared. The GAD-7, PHQ-9 and pain scores of the test group before treatment and 3 and 6 weeks after treatment were compared. Pain was assessed with a visual analog scale (VAS). Inflammatory cytokine [interleukin-8 (IL-8), interleukin-1 β (IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), c-reactive protein (CRP)] levels in the test group before treatment and 3 and 6 weeks after treatment were compared. @*Results @#The GAD-7 and PHQ-9 scores in the test group were higher than those in the control group before treatment (P<0.05). The GAD-7 and PHQ-9 scores in the test group at 3 and 6 weeks after treatment were lower than those before treatment (P<0.05); there was no significant difference between the GAD-7 and PHQ-9 scores at 3 and 6 weeks after treatment(P>0.05). The pain scores of the experimental group at 3 and 6 weeks after treatment were lower than those before treatment (P<0.05), and the pain scores 6 weeks after treatment were lower than those at 3 weeks after treatment (P<0.05). The levels of IL-8, IL-1β, TNF-α and CRP in the peripheral blood of the experimental group were lower 3 and 6 weeks after treatment than before (P<0.05), and the levels of IL-8 and IL-1β in the peripheral blood at 6 weeks after treatment were significantly lower than at 3 weeks after treatment (P<0.05). The levels of TNF-α and CRP in the peripheral blood at 6 weeks after treatment were not significantly different from those at 3 weeks after treatment (P>0.05).@*Conclusion @#The peripheral blood of patients with pulpitis has a high level of inflammatory cytokines, and the patients suffer from obvious anxiety and depression. Root canal therapy can relieve their anxiety and depression by reducing their level of inflammatory cytokines in peripheral blood.

17.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1182-1185, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985578

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the relationship between childhood abuse and uncertainty stress among college students and their interaction with depressive symptoms, so as to provide evidence for psychological intervention among college students.@*Methods@#A total of 1 830 college students from Xuzhou, Nanjing and Wuhan were selected by multistage stratified cluster random sampling method to conduct a questionnaire survey from March to May 2021 using Adverse Childhood Experience Scale, Uncertainty Stress Scale, and 10-Item Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale.@*Results@#Overall, 361 (19.73%), 507 (27.70%) and 607 (33.17%) college students had childhood abuse experiences, high uncertainty stress and depressive symptoms respectively. After controlling for confounding factors, multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of depressive symptoms in college students with childhood abuse experiences was 2.84 times higher than those without childhood abuse experiences ( OR= 2.84 , 95%CI =2.17-3.71). The risk of depressive symptoms among college students with high uncertainty stress was 7.88 times higher than those without high uncertainty stress ( OR=7.88, 95%CI =6.21-9.99). The results of interaction analysis showed that childhood abuse and uncertainty stress had no multiplication interaction but additive interaction on depressive symptoms of college students: RERI (95% CI )=12.73(3.24-22.23), AP (95% CI )=0.57(0.37-0.76), S (95% CI )=2.47(1.53-3.98).@*Conclusion@#High uncertainty stress and childhood abuse have additive interaction on depression symptoms of college students. Eliminating childhood abuse and scientific management of uncertainty stress can reduce the risk of depressive symptoms among college students.

18.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1883-1888, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004912

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the role of miR-142-3p in alleviation of house dust mite induced allergic airway inflammation among children, so as to provide insights into unraveling the pathogenesis of allergic airway inflammation.@*Methods@#Serum samples were collected from 15 patients with house dust mite induced allergic asthma and 15 healthy children in Jiangnan University Medical Center from September to November 2022, and serum miR-142-3p expression was quantified using a fluorescent quantitative real time PCR (qPCR) assay. The levels of interleukin 6 (IL 6) and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF α) were measured in the cell culture supernatant using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the expression of high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) was detected at transcriptional and translational lvels using qPCR and Western blotting assays. The negative regulation of the HMGB1 gene by miR 142 3p was identified using a dual luciferase gene reporter assay, and the expression of downstream regulatory proteins was determined in human normal lung epithelial cells (BEAS 2B) cells transfected with miR 142 3p using Western blotting. In addition, female C57BL/6 mice at ages of 6-8 weeks were randomly assigned to the phosphate buffer saline (PBS) group, house dust mite sensitized airway inflammation group and house dust mite sensitized airway inflammation + miR 142 3p intervention group. Mouse airway inflammation was evaluated using hematoxylin eosin staining, and the expression of inflammatory cells and inflammatory cytokines were detected in mouse bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) using Giemsa staining and ELISA.@*Results@#Lower serum miR-142-3p expression was quantified among children with house dust mite induced allergic asthma than among healthy controls (1.33±0.21 vs. 4.74±0.62, t=5.22, P <0.05). Stimulation with dermatophagoides farinae extract (DFE) resulted in a reduction in miR-142-3p expression in BEAS-2B cells (0.82±0.25), while transfection with miR-142-3p mimics resulted in a rise in miR-142-3p expression in BEAS-2B cells (0.55±0.14)( t=3.31, 3.94, P <0.05). Pre treatment with miR-142-3p reduced the expression of IL 6(2.25±0.46)and TNF α(6.58±1.95) ( t=4.86, 3.38, P <0.05) in BEAS 2B cells stimulated with DFE, and treatment with miR-142-3p mimics resulted in a reduction in TLR4 and NF-κB expression in BEAS-2B cells via negative regulation of the HMGB1 expression. In addition, treatment with miR-142-3p was found to alleviate inflammatory cell infiltration in lung tissues of house dust mite sensitized mice, and results in a reduction in interleukin 4 (IL-4)[(107.60±10.43)pg/mL], interleukin 5 (IL 5)[(95.78±13.14)pg/mL] and HMGB1[(2.52±0.87)pg/mL] expression in BALF ( t=10.32, 7.29, 2.90, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#miR-142-3p alleviates house dust mite induced allergic airway inflammation among children via negative regulation of the HMGB1/TLR4/NF-κB pathway.

19.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1720-1723, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998897

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess the effectiveness of online and offline myopia prevention and control health education interventions using wearable behavior monitoring tools for non myopic elementary school students,so as to provide evidence based medical support for public health practices.@*Methods@#From May to June in 2021, two schools were selected within the same county in Jiangsu Province. School 1 conducted online and offline parental health education ( n =111), while school 2 exclusively conducted offline health education activities, representing the traditional intervention group ( n =122). Students from both schools underwent monitoring through wearable behavior tracking tools, with feedback reports provided (eye distance, eye duration, ambient light, and outdoor exposure time). Both schools relied on activities to carry out health education interventions, and organized the distribution of promotional materials and display boards. The intervention group also established WeChat groups to conduct online "Healthy Parents Action" (answering and providing feedback on health knowledge related to myopia prevention and control, myopia prevention and control, science popularization, etc. raised by parents). Evaluation criteria included myopia rates, post dilation refractive error, and axial length, with a tracking period of two years (from 2021 to 2023). Additionally, the study collected refractive parameters from non myopic students who did not participate in wearable tool monitoring in the 12 classes across the two schools.@*Results@#The baseline results indicated that there were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of refractive parameters and wearable tool monitoring results (including screen time, viewing distance, outdoor exposure time, and homework light exposure)( t/Z/χ 2=1.94,1.17,0.58,0.40,0.80,0.69,0.32, P >0.05). After a two-year follow up, in the first and second year, the myopia rate of the online Healthy Parents Action group (11.4%, 29.7%) were lower than that of the traditional group (26.2%, 50.9%), and the degree of refractive change in the intervention group [0.63(0.38,1.19)D] was lower than that of the traditional group [0.91(0.40,1.50)D], and all the differences were statistically significant( χ 2/ Z =4.93,10.37,2.29, P <0.05). However, there were no significant differences ( P >0.05) in axial length changes between the two groups over the twoyear intervention period. Nevertheless, in the second year, the axial length change in the traditional group [0.35(0.20,0.65)mm] was lower than that in the natural observation group [0.55(0.30,0.75)mm], and this difference was statistically significant ( Z =1.92, P <0.05).@*Conclusions@#Online and offline myopia prevention and control health education can effectively reduce myopia rates. The intervention mode combining wearable behavior monitoring tools with online health education may have better effects, but further large sample and multi center studies are needed to provide additional evidence and confirmation.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016490

ABSTRACT

Episodic syndromes that may be associated with migraine@#Episodic syndromes that may be associated with migraine are commonly seen in children and are likely to evolve into migraine in the subsequent course of the disease, including several subtypes such as benign paroxysmal torticollis, benign paroxysmal vertigo, and recurrent gastrointestinal disturbance. Understanding the above syndromes has an important clinical significance in the diagnosis of migraine in children.


Subject(s)
Migraine Disorders
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