Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 1.977
Filter
1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 34-43, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007736

ABSTRACT

Lupus nephritis (LN), a severe manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus, poses a substantial risk of progression to end-stage renal disease, with increased mortality. Conventional therapy for LN relies on broad-spectrum immunosuppressants such as glucocorticoids, mycophenolate mofetil, and calcineurin inhibitors. Although therapeutic regimens have evolved over the years, they have inherent limitations, including non-specific targeting, substantial adverse effects, high relapse rates, and prolonged maintenance and remission courses. These drawbacks underscore the need for targeted therapeutic strategies for LN. Recent advancements in our understanding of LN pathogenesis have led to the identification of novel therapeutic targets and the emergence of biological agents and small-molecule inhibitors with improved specificity and reduced toxicity. This review provides an overview of the current evidence on targeted therapies for LN, elucidates the biological mechanisms of responses and failure, highlights the challenges ahead, and outlines strategies for subsequent clinical trials and integrated immunomodulatory approaches.


Subject(s)
Humans , Calcineurin Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/drug therapy , Lupus Nephritis/pathology , Mycophenolic Acid/therapeutic use
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006576

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the incidence of pulmonary nodules has kept rising. To give full play to the advantages of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in the treatment of pulmonary nodules and identify the breakthrough points of integrating TCM with Western medicine, the China Association of Chinese Medicine organized medical experts in TCM and western medicine to carry out in-depth discussion regarding this disease. The discussion encompassed the modern medical advances, TCM theories of etiology and pathogenesis, the role and advantages of TCM in the whole course management of pulmonary nodules, contents and methods of research on pulmonary nodules, and science popularization work, aiming to provide a reference for clinical practice and scientific research. After discussion, the experts concluded that the occurrence of pulmonary nodules was rooted in the deficiency of the lung and spleen and triggered by phlegm dampness, blood stasis, and Qi stagnation. TCM can treat pulmonary nodules by controlling and reducing nodules, improving physical constitution, ameliorating multi-system nodular diseases, reducing anxiety and avoiding excessive diagnosis and treatment, and serving as an alternative for patients who are unwilling or unfit for surgical treatment. At present, the optimal diagnosis and treatment strategy for pulmonary nodules has not been formed, which needs to be further studied from multiple perspectives such as clinical epidemiology, biology, and evidence-based medicine. The primary task of current research is to find out the advantages, effective prescriptions, and target populations and determine the effective outcomes of TCM in the treatment of pulmonary nodules. At the same time, basic research should be carried out to explore the etiology and biological behaviors of pulmonary nodules. The expert consensus on the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary nodules with integrated TCM and Western medicine needs to be continuously revised to guide clinicians to conduct standardized, scientific, and accurate effective diagnosis and treatment.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 350-358, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016659

ABSTRACT

Due to the high similarity with the lipid layer between human skin keratinocytes, functional cosmetics with layered liquid crystal structure prepared by liquid crystal emulsification technology encapsulating natural active substances have become a hot research topic in recent years. This type of functional cosmetic often has a fresh and natural skin feel, excellent skin barrier repair function and efficient moisturizing effect, etc., showing great potential in cosmetic application. However, the present research on the application of liquid crystal emulsification technology to functional cosmetics is still in the initial stage, and there are fewer relevant reports with reference values. Based on the mentioned above, this review provides a comprehensive summary of functional cosmetics with layered liquid crystal structures prepared by liquid crystal emulsification technology from the following aspects: the structure of human skin, the composition of lamellar liquid crystal, the advantages of liquid crystal emulsification technology containing natural active substances used in the field of functional cosmetics, the preparation process, main components, influencing factors during the preparation and the market functional cosmetics with lamellar liquid crystal structure. Finally, the prospect of the application of liquid crystal emulsification technology in functional cosmetics is presented, to provide useful references for those engaged in the research of liquid crystal emulsification technology-related functional cosmetics.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009111

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the feasibility and effectiveness of a foldable pedicled latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap to repair soft tissue defects in the shoulder and back.@*METHODS@#Between August 2018 and January 2023, the foldable pedicled latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flaps were used to repair soft tissue defects in the shoulder and back of 8 patients. There were 5 males and 3 females with the age ranged from 21 to 56 years (mean, 35.4 years). Wounds were located in the shoulder in 2 cases and in the shoulder and back in 6 cases. The causes of injury were chronic infection of skin and bone exposure in 2 cases, secondary wound after extensive resection of skin and soft tissue tumor in 4 cases, and wound formation caused by traffic accident in 2 cases. Skin defect areas ranged from 14 cm×13 cm to 20 cm×16 cm. The disease duration ranged from 12 days to 1 year (median, 6.6 months). A pedicled latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap was designed and harvested. The flap was divided into A/B flap and then were folded to repair the wound, with the donor area of the flap being pulled and sutured in one stage.@*RESULTS@#All 7 flaps survived, with primary wound healing. One patient suffered from distal flap necrosis and delayed healing was achieved after dressing change. The incisions of all donor sites healed by first intention. All patients were followed up 6 months to 4 years (mean, 24.7 months). The skin flap has a good appearance with no swelling in the pedicle. At last follow-up, 6 patients had no significant difference in bilateral shoulder joint motion, and 2 patients had a slight decrease in abduction range of motion compared with the healthy side. The patients' daily life were not affected, and linear scar was left in the donor site.@*CONCLUSION@#The foldable pedicled latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap is an ideal method to repair the soft tissue defect of shoulder and back with simple operation, less damage to the donor site, and quick recovery after operation.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Myocutaneous Flap/surgery , Shoulder/surgery , Skin Transplantation , Superficial Back Muscles/transplantation , Soft Tissue Injuries/surgery , Wound Healing , Treatment Outcome , Perforator Flap
5.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 779-787, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007790

ABSTRACT

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a cardiovascular epidemic that occurs primarily in the elderly with primary cardiovascular diseases, leading to severe consequences such as stroke and heart failure. The heart is an energy-consuming organ, which requires a high degree of metabolic flexibility to ensure a quick switch of metabolic substrates to meet its energy needs in response to physiological and pathological stimulation. Metabolism is closely related to the occurrence of AF, and AF patients manifest metabolic inflexibility, such as insulin resistance and the metabolic shift from aerobic metabolism to anaerobic glycolysis. Moreover, our research group and the others have shown that metabolic inflexibility is a crucial pathologic mechanism for AF. Energy metabolism is closely linked to the aging process and aging-related diseases, and impaired metabolic flexibility is considered as an essential driver of aging. Therefore, this review focuses on the alteration of metabolic flexibility in the elderly and reveals that impaired metabolic flexibility may be an important driver for the high prevalence of AF in the elderly, hoping to provide intervention strategies for the prevention and treatment of AF in the elderly.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Atrial Fibrillation/epidemiology , Anticoagulants , Stroke , Aging , Heart Failure
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006332

ABSTRACT

Due to the continuous development of nuclear power technology and the wide application of ionizing radiation in China, an increasing number of occupational groups and the general public have been exposed to the low-dose ionizing radiation environment. Consequently, research has focused on related health effects (carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic effects). There is no consensus on the health effects of long-term low-dose ionizing radiation exposure on populations. This article reviews the health effects of low-dose ionizing radiation identified worldwide to provide a scientific basis for investigating the mechanisms of such effects and developing population protection strategies.

7.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 720-724, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006017

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the expression of checkpoint kinase 2 (CHEK2) in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), its association with the clinicopathological features and prognosis, and to predict its relevant molecular signaling pathways and biological functions. 【Methods】 The gene expression data, phenotype data, and corresponding survival information of ccRCC patients were downloaded from TCGA database. The optimal cutoff value of CHEK2 was determined with the "survminer" package. The patients were divided into low and high expression groups, and the association between CHEK2 expression and clinicopathological features was analyzed. The correlation between CHEK2 expression and ccRCC prognosis was evaluated with univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard models. The changes of cell signaling pathways involved in different CHEK2 expression levels were explored with gene set variation analysis (GSVA). The correlation between CHEK2 and immune cell infiltration as well as immune checkpoint molecular expression was analyzed. 【Results】 CHEK2 expression was significantly higher in ccRCC tissues than in normal tissues (P<0.01). Higher level of CHEK2 was significantly associated with higher T stage of ccRCC (P<0.01). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed overall survival (OS) of patients with high CHEK2 expression were notably decreased (P<0.001). Univariate and multivariate analyses revealed CHEK2 expression as an independent risk factor of survival (HR=1.950, 95%CI: 1.490-2.570, P<0.001; HR=1.588, 95%CI: 1.185-2.127, P=0.002). GSVA showed that CHEK2 was involved in the following pathways: proximal tubule bicarbonate reclamation, propanoate metabolism, limonene and pinene degradation, fatty acid metabolism, primary immunodeficiency, systemic lupus erythematosus, p53 signaling pathway, homologous recombination, DNA replication and mismatch repair. Correlation analysis suggested that CHEK2 was associated with increased infiltration of multiple immune cells in ccRCC and upregulation of various immune checkpoint molecules. 【Conclusion】 The high level of CHEK2 in ccRCC is an independent predicting factor for poor prognosis. It is probably involved in regulating related events of tumor immune infiltration and may become a new target for ccRCC therapy.

8.
JOURNAL OF RARE DISEASES ; (4): 55-62, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005061

ABSTRACT

Homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HoFH) is a rare and serious autosomal genetic metabolic disease. Patients without intervention often die younger than 30 years old from early atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD)incurred by extremely high levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). We present a case of HoFH, a child with compound heterozygous mutation in this study. The effect of conventional lipid-lowering therapy through diet control and lipid-lowering drugs was unsatisfactory. The blood-lipid purification proves effective but has poor compliance and difficult to maintain for a longer time. The patient received orthotopic liver transplantation and had been followed for 2 years, with the patient shows normal LDL-C, well growth and development. We hope the case will provide the clinician with better understanding of the diagnosis and treatment of the rare disease of HoFH.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004870

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the influence of maternal blood donation before pregnancy on neonatal birth weight. 【Methods】 A total of 6 428 full-term (gestational age ≥37 weeks) singleton pregnant women in Ningbo Medical Center Lihuili Hospital and Ningbo Women and Children′s Hospital from January 2020 to October 2020 were enrolled in this study. The cumulative whole blood donations before pregnancy were obtained through Alipay software. The relevant data of parturients and their fetuses were collected from electronic medical records. 【Results】 The maternal blood donation rate in Zhejiang Province before pregnancy was 14.69%. The average age of women was 29 (27-32), and the median of cumulative blood donation (except 0 mL) before pregnancy was 300 mL. Univariate analysis showed that there was no significant difference in neonatal gender, neonatal birth weight, proportion of low birth weight infants and proportion of macrosomia among non blood donation group, low blood donation group and high blood donation group (P>0.05). After multiple linear regression analysis, it was found that there was no correlation between blood donation before pregnancy and the neonatal birth weight (B=0.123, 95%CI: -1.013-8.461, P>0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that, compared with the non blood donation group, the occurrence of macrosomia was higher in both the low blood donation group and the total blood donation group (OR=1.366, 95%CI: 1.007-1.766, P<0.05; OR=1.369, 95%CI: 1.019-1.851, P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 Maternal blood donation before pregnancy may not be related to neonatal birth weight, but may be related to the probability of macrosomia in their offspring.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3644-3654, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004643

ABSTRACT

A pharmacophore-based study was conducted to investigate the therapeutic activity of the traditional Tibetan medicine Zha Xun (ZX) in liver diseases. In the present study, the protective effect of ZX on the acute liver injury induced by concanavalin A (ConA) and 0.15% carbon tetrachloride (0.15% CCl4) in ICR mice was evaluated, and the results showed that ZX significantly reduced serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) in the ConA-induced acute immune liver injury model and the CCl4-induced acute oxidative liver injury model (P < 0.05). Subsequently, the protective effects of aqueous, 95% ethanol, 60% ethanol and 30% ethanol eluting fractions of ZX, and fulvic acid, the main water-soluble constituent of ZX, were evaluated against acute oxidative liver injury induced by 0.15% CCl4 in mice. The results showed that different solvent-eluting fractions of ZX showed certain hepatoprotective activities, among which the aqueous extract of ZX and 30% ethanol extract of ZX significantly reduced the serum levels of ALT, AST, and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in mice (P < 0.05), and the serum levels of LDH in mice were significantly reduced by fulvic acid (P < 0.05), which showed significant hepatoprotective activity. The protective activities and preliminary mechanisms of the total extract of ZX, the aqueous extract of ZX, the 30% ethanol extract of ZX, and fulvic acid against hepatocellular injury in vitro were further evaluated by using the H2O2-induced hepatocellular injury model. The results showed that the components could significantly inhibit H2O2-induced hepatocellular injury, reduce the levels of ALT, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and LDH, improve the survival rate of hepatocellular cells, and reduce the content of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cell culture. At the same time, it can inhibit hepatocyte apoptosis by increasing the expression ratio of Bcl-2/BAX protein and decreasing the expression ratio of cleaved caspase-3/pro caspase-3 protein. The present study showed that ZX has clear hepatoprotective activity in vitro and in vivo, and the different solvent elution fractions of ZX showed certain hepatoprotective activity, among which the aqueous extract of ZX, 30% ethanol extract of ZX had better hepatoprotective activity, and the activity of 60% ethanol extract of ZX was stronger than that of 95% ethanol extract of ZX. The activity of ZX and its water-soluble elution site exerted hepatoprotective effects by inhibiting hepatocyte apoptosis and oxidative stress. The animals used in this experiment and related disposal meet the requirements of animal welfare, and have been reviewed and approved by the Laboratory Animal Management and Use Committee of the Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences (approval number: 00004018).

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003568

ABSTRACT

In the current clinical diagnosis, medical images have become an important basis for diagnosis, and different modes of medical images provide different tissue information and functional information. Single-mode images can only provide single diagnostic information, by which difficult and complicated diseases cannot be diagnosed, and comprehensive and accurate diagnostic results can be obtained only with the help of multiple diagnostic information. The multimodal fusion technology fuses multiple modes of medical images into single-mode images, and thus the single-mode images contain complementary information between multiple modes of images, so that sufficient information for clinical diagnosis can be obtained in a single image. In this paper, the multimodal medical image fusion methods are sorted into two types, namely the traditional fusion method and the fusion method based on deep learning.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003560

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the therapeutic effect of oral administration of deuterium depleted water on gastroenteritis induced by 131I radiation in thyroid cancer treatment. Methods Fifty patients with papillary thyroid cancer treated with 131I in the Department of Nuclear Medicine of Changshu No.2 People’s Hospital from May 2022 to February 2023 were divided into control group and experimental group (25 patients in each group). Data were continuously collected throughout the study duration. The control group was orally administrated omeprazole enteric-coated capsules and purified water at 660 mL tid for 5 days. The experimental group received the same basic treatment as the control group except that deuterium depleted water was used instead of purified water. The incidence and alleviation of 131I radiation-induced gastroenteritis were observed and compared between the two groups using the Fisher’s exact test and Kaplan-Meier analysis. Results The number of gastroenteritis cases from day 1 to day 5 after 131I administration was 2 (8%), 5 (20%), 2 (8%), 1 (4%), and 0 (0%), respectively, in the experimental group, and 2 (8%), 8 (32%), 4 (16%), 3 (12%), and 1 (4%), respectively, in the control group. The incidence of gastroenteritis was significantly different between the two groups (χ2=4.064, P=0.044). After 5 days of treatment, the overall response rate of patients in the experimental group was 96%, which was significantly higher than 76% in the control group (χ2=9.105, P=0.025). Conclusion Oral administration of deuterium depleted water is effective in the relief of clinical symptoms of 131I radiation-induced gastroenteritis in thyroid cancer treatment. The clinical application of deuterium depleted water should be further investigated.

13.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3055-3059, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003546

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with different KRAS genotypes. METHODS Retrieved from PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Embase, CNKI, Wanfang data and VIP, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about ICIs alone, combined use of various ICIs or ICIs combined with traditional chemotherapy (trial group) versus traditional chemotherapy (control group) for NSCLC were collected from the inception of the databases to April 1, 2023. After screening literature, extracting data and evaluating quality, meta-analysis, sensitivity analysis and publication bias analysis were conducted by using RevMan 5.4 software. RESULTS A total of 7 RCTs involving 5 980 patients were included. The results of the meta-analysis showed that overall survival (OS) [HR= 0.79, 95%CI (0.72, 0.87), P<0.000 01] and progression-free survival (PFS) [HR=0.63, 95%CI (0.50, 0.80), P=0.000 2] of trial group were significantly longer than those of control group; furthermore, the OS of KRAS mutant type [HR=0.63, 95%CI (0.53, 0.75), P<0.000 01] and KRAS wild type [HR=0.87, 95%CI (0.78, 0.98), P=0.02], PFS of KRAS mutant type [HR= 0.58, 95%CI (0.43, 0.78), P=0.000 3] and KRAS wild type [HR=0.68, 95%CI (0.47, 0.99), P=0.04] in the trial group were all significantly longer than in the control group. Subgroup analysis by different treatment regimens showed that the OS of KRAS mutant type patients receiving first- and second-line treatment regimens, using ICIs alone and those receiving ICIs combined with traditional chemotherapy as well as PFS of KRAS mutant type and wild type patients receiving first-line treatment regimens in the trial group were all significantly longer than in the control group (P<0.05). Sensitivity analysis results indicated that the findings of this study were robust. Publication bias results showed that the possibility of publication bias in this study was small. CONCLUSIONS ICIs show significant efficacy in NSCLC patients, and NSCLC patients benefit equally regardless of whether KRAS mutations occur.

14.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 505-511, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015178

ABSTRACT

[Abstract] Objective To study the role of hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) / stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) pathway in high altitude hypoxia preconditioning in rat. Methods Seventy-six adult male SD rats, which through fed in low-pressure oxygen chamber (altitude 5000 m) and Xining (altitude 2260 m) to establish the rat model of hypoxia preconditioning. Rats randomly divided into 6 groups: control group (Ctrl), high altitude hypoxic preconditioning 1 day group (HHP-1d), high altitude hypoxic preconditioning 4 days group (HHP-4d), high altitude hypoxic preconditioning 15 days group (HHP-15d), high altitude hypoxic preconditioning 30 days group (HHP-30d), medium altitude hypoxic preconditioning group (MHP). 7. 0 T small animal MRI was used to observe the intracranial structure, diameter of basilar artery and cerebral blood flow in the hippocampus and brainstem regions by the sequences of T2 weighted images (T2WI) and arterial spin labeling (ASL) in the groups of Ctrl, HHP-4d, HHP-30d and MHP. In each group, blood routine was tested, the concentrations of HIF-1α, SDF-1 in serum, platelet activating factor (PAF)and P-selectin (SELP) in plasma were detected by the method of ELISA. Results In the hypoxia preconditioning groups, intracranial structure and diameter of basilar artery had no significant difference, while cerebral blood flow in the regions of brainstem and hippocampus increased significantly (P<0. 05). Meanwhile, red blood cell and white blood cell increased significantly, while platelet decreased significantly in the groups of hypoxia preconditioning (P<0. 05). Red blood cell and platelet in MHP group were closer to Ctrl group. The concentrations of HIF-1α and SDF-1 (except HHP-1d group) increased significantly in hypoxia preconditioning groups (P<0. 05).The concentrations of PAF and SELP increased significantly in HHP-1d and HHP-15d groups. The concentration of PAF decreased significantly in the HHP-4d and HHP-30d groups, and SELP decreased significantly in HHP-4d group (P<0. 05). Conclusion Hypoxia preconditioning can increase oxygen storage and immune defense capacity, improve brain reserve capacity and play the effect of brain protection through HIF-1α/ SDF-1 pathway. The best effect preconditioning was feed at medium altitude (altitude 2260 m) for 30 days.

15.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 832-837, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012240

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the characteristics of the evolution of liver indexes in patients with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM) treated with CAR-T-cells based on BCMA. Methods: Retrospective analysis was performed of patients with RRMM who received an infusion of anti-BCMA CAR-T-cells and anti-BCMA combined with anti-CD19 CAR-T-cells at our center between June 1, 2019, and February 28, 2023. Clinical data were collected to observe the characteristics of changes in liver indexes such as alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), total bilirubin (TBIL), and direct bilirubin (DBIL) in patients, and its relationship with cytokine-release syndrome (CRS) . Results: Ninety-two patients were included in the analysis, including 41 patients (44.6%) in the group receiving a single infusion of anti-BCMA CAR-T-cells, and 51 patients (55.4%) in the group receiving an infusion of anti-BCMA combined with anti-CD19 CAR-T-cells. After infusing CAR-T-cells, 31 patients (33.7%) experienced changes in liver indexes at or above grade 2, which included 20 patients (21.7%) with changes in one index, five patients (5.4%) with changes in two indexes, and six patients (6.5%) with changes in three or more indexes. The median time of peak values of ALT and AST were d17 and d14, respectively, and the median duration of exceeding grade 2 was 5.0 and 3.5 days, respectively. The median time of peak values of TBIL and DBIL was on d19 and d21, respectively, and the median duration of exceeding grade 2 was 4.0 days, respectively. The median time of onset of CRS was d8, and the peak time of fever was d9. The ALT, AST, and TBIL of patients with CRS were higher than those of patients without CRS (P=0.011, 0.002, and 0.015, respectively). CRS is an independent factor that affects ALT and TBIL levels (OR=19.668, 95% CI 18.959-20.173, P=0.001). The evolution of liver indexes can be reversed through anti-CRS and liver-protection treatments, and no patient died of liver injury. Conclusions: In BCMA-based CAR-T-cell therapy for RRMM, CRS is an important factor causing the evolution of liver indexes. The evolution of liver indexes after CAR-T-cell infusion is transient and reversible after treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antigens, CD19 , B-Cell Maturation Antigen/therapeutic use , Bilirubin , Immunotherapy, Adoptive , Liver , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , T-Lymphocytes
16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 4591-4606, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011184

ABSTRACT

Although carbon monoxide (CO)-based treatments have demonstrated the high cancer efficacy by promoting mitochondrial damage and core-region penetrating ability, the efficiency was often compromised by protective autophagy (mitophagy). Herein, cannabidiol (CBD) is integrated into biomimetic carbon monoxide nanocomplexes (HMPOC@M) to address this issue by inducing excessive autophagy. The biomimetic membrane not only prevents premature drugs leakage, but also prolongs blood circulation for tumor enrichment. After entering the acidic tumor microenvironment, carbon monoxide (CO) donors are stimulated by hydrogen oxide (H2O2) to disintegrate into CO and Mn2+. The comprehensive effect of CO/Mn2+ and CBD can induce ROS-mediated cell apoptosis. In addition, HMPOC@M-mediated excessive autophagy can promote cancer cell death by increasing autophagic flux via class III PI3K/BECN1 complex activation and blocking autolysosome degradation via LAMP1 downregulation. Furthermore, in vivo experiments showed that HMPOC@M+ laser strongly inhibited tumor growth and attenuated liver and lung metastases by downregulating VEGF and MMP9 proteins. This strategy may highlight the pro-death role of excessive autophagy in TNBC treatment, providing a novel yet versatile avenue to enhance the efficacy of CO treatments. Importantly, this work also indicated the applicability of CBD for triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) therapy through excessive autophagy.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011069

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics and surgical treatment outcomes of children with cervical bronchogenic cysts. Methods:A retrospective study of 6 pediatric patients with bronchogenic cysts in the neck region treated in our hospital during 2014 to 2020 was performed. All children underwent complete resection of cervical mass under general anesthesia. Results:There were 6 children, aged from 1 to 5 years, with a median of 2.25 years. There were 3 males and 3 females. The lesions were located on the left neck in 3 cases, the midline neck in 2 cases and the right neck in 1 case. The clinical manifestations were painless mass in 5 cases and recurrent neck infection in 1 case. The size of the mass ranged from 2.1 to 7.5 cm. There was no characteristic clinical or imaging features of bronchogenic cysts. Misdiagnosed as lymphangioma in 3 cases, thyroglossal cyst in 2 cases and piriform fistula in 1 case. The follow-up ranged from 1.50 to 7.75 years, with a median of 4.13 years. All 6 children had no recurrence or complications. Conclusion:Although rare, bronchogenic cysts should be considered in the differential diagnosis of cervical cystic masses in children. Surgery is the most effective way to treat cervical bronchogenic cyst, and histopathological examination is the gold standard for diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Bronchogenic Cyst/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Neck/surgery , Diagnosis, Differential , Treatment Outcome
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009090

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the feasibility and effectiveness of plantar medial thin skin flaps preserving plantar fascia with its superficial fascia tissue to repair skin defects in hands and feet.@*METHODS@#Between July 2017 and January 2023, 35 cases of hand and foot defects were repaired with plantar medial thin skin flaps preserving plantar fascia with its superficial fascia tissue (13 pedicled flaps and 22 free flaps). There were 18 males and 17 females, with an average age of 38.8 years (range, 8-56 years). Thirty cases of defects were caused by trauma, and the interval between injury and admission ranged from 2 to 6 hours (mean, 3.3 hours). Three cases were ulcer wounds with a course of 3.0, 3.8, and 7.0 months, respectively. Two cases were malignant melanoma. Eight cases of wounds located in the fingers, 13 cases in the palm, 12 cases in the heel, and 2 cases in the distal foot. The size of skin defects ranged from 4.0 cm×3.5 cm to 12.0 cm×10.0 cm, and the size of flap ranged from 5.0 cm×4.5 cm to 13.0 cm×11.0 cm. The donor sites were repaired with skin grafts.@*RESULTS@#All flaps were survived and the wounds healed by first intention after operation. The partial necrosis at the edge of the skin graft occurred in 1 case, which healed after dressing change; the other skin grafts survived successfully. All patients were followed up 6-24 months (mean, 18 months). The flaps exhibited similar color and thickness to the surrounding hand and foot skin. Two-point discrimination ranged from 7 to 10 mm in the flaps with an average of 8 mm. The donor sites had no painful scars or sensory abnormalities. Foot and ankle functions were good and gaits were normal.@*CONCLUSION@#Application of plantar medial thin skin flaps preserving plantar fascia with its superficial fascia tissue to repair skin defects in hands and feet had good flap shape, high survival rate of skin graft at the donor site, and no obvious complications.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Subcutaneous Tissue/surgery , Soft Tissue Injuries/surgery , Skin Transplantation , Fascia , Free Tissue Flaps , Treatment Outcome , Perforator Flap
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009076

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effectiveness of tibial transverse transport (TTT) combined with modified neurolysis in treatment of diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) through a prospective randomized controlled study.@*METHODS@#The patients with DFU and diabetic peripheral neuropathy, who were admitted between February 2020 and February 2022, were selected as the research objects, of which 31 cases met the selection criteria and were included in the study. The patients were divided into two groups by random number table method. The 15 patients in the trial group were treated with TTT combined with modified neurolysis, and the 16 patients in the control group received treatment with TTT alone. There was no significant difference in gender, age, duration of DFU, ulcer area, Wagner classification, as well as preoperative foot skin temperature, visual analogue scale (VAS) score, ankle-brachial index (ABI), motor nerve conduction velocity (MNCV) of the common peroneal nerve, MNCV of the tibial nerve, MNCV of the deep peroneal nerve, two-point discrimination (2-PD) of heel, and cross-sectional area (CSA) of the common peroneal nerve between the two groups ( P>0.05). The time for ulcer healing, foot skin temperature, VAS scores, ABI, 2-PD of heel, and CSA of the common peroneal nerve before operation and at 6 and 12 months after operation were recorded and compared between groups. The differences in MNCV of the common peroneal nerve, MNCV of the tibial nerve, and MNCV of the deep peroneal nerve between pre-operation and 12 months after operation were calculated.@*RESULTS@#All patients in both groups were followed up 12-24 months (mean, 13.9 months). The surgical incisions in both groups healed by first intention and no needle tract infections occurred during the bone transport phase. Ulcer wounds in both groups healed successfully, and there was no significant difference in the healing time ( P>0.05). During the follow-up, there was no ulcer recurrences. At 12 months after operation, the MNCV of the common peroneal nerve, the MNCV of the tibial nerve, and the MNCV of the deep peroneal nerve in both groups accelerated when compared to preoperative values ( P<0.05). Furthermore, the trial group exhibited a greater acceleration in MNCV compared to the control group, and the difference was significant ( P<0.05). The foot skin temperature, VAS score, ABI, 2-PD of heel, and CSA of the common peroneal nerve at 6 and 12 months after operation significantly improved when compared with those before operation in both groups ( P<0.05). The 2-PD gradually improved over time, showing significant difference ( P<0.05). The 2-PD of heel and VAS score of the trial group were superior to the control group, and the differences were significant ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in ABI, foot skin temperature, and CSA of the common peroneal nerve between groups after operation ( P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with TTT alone, the TTT combined with modified neurolysis for DFU can simultaneously solve both microcirculatory disorders and nerve compression, improve the quality of nerve function recovery, and enhance the patient's quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetic Foot/surgery , Microcirculation , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome , Diabetes Mellitus
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL