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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 773-781, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016523

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the differences in the risk factors for postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) between the 2005 and 2016 editions of the definition and classification standards for pancreatic fistula, and to establish a risk prediction model for pancreatic fistula based on the 2016 edition. MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 303 patients who were admitted to Tianjin Third Central Hospital and underwent PD from January 2016 to May 2022, and the patients with POPF were identified based on the new and old editions. The independent-samples t test or the non-parametric Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of continuous data between groups, and the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. The univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to investigate the differences in the risk factors for pancreatic fistula after PD between the two editions; a risk prediction model was established for POPF based on the 2016 edition, and the receiver operating characteristic curve was used to invesitgate the accuracy of this model in predicting POPF and perform model validation. ResultsAccording to the 2005 edition, the univariate analysis showed that the diameter of the main pancreatic duct (χ2=31.641, P<0.001), main pancreatic duct index (χ2=52.777, P<0.001), portal vein invasion (χ2=6.259, P=0.012), intra-abdominal fat thickness (χ2=7.665, P=0.006), preoperative biliary drainage (χ2=5.999, P=0.014), pancreatic cancer (χ2=5.544, P=0.019), marginal pancreatic thickness (t=2.055, P=0.032), pancreatic CT value (t=-3.224, P=0.002), and preoperative blood amylase level (Z=-2.099, P=0.036) were closely associated with POPF, and the multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that main pancreatic duct index (odds ratio [OR]=0.000, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.000‍ ‍—‍ ‍0.011, P<0.05), pancreatic cancer (OR=4.843, 95%CI: 1.285‍ ‍—‍ ‍18.254, P<0.05), and pancreatic CT value (OR=0.869, 95%CI: 0.806‍ ‍—‍ ‍0.937, P<0.05) were independent risk factors; based on the 2016 edition, the univariate analysis showed the diameter of the main pancreatic duct (χ2=5.391, P=0.020), main pancreatic duct index (χ2=11.394, P=0.001), intra-abdominal fat thickness (χ2=8.899, P=0.003), marginal pancreatic thickness (t=2.665, P=0.009), pancreatic CT value (t=-2.835, P=0.004) were closely associated with POPF, and the multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that main pancreatic duct index (OR=0.001, 95%CI: 0.000‍ ‍—‍ ‍0.050, P<0.05) and pancreatic CT value (OR=0.943, 95%CI: 0.894‍ ‍—‍ ‍0.994, P<0.05) were independent risk factors. A risk prediction model was established for POPF after PD, and the ROC curve analysis showed that this model had an area under the ROC curve of 0.788 (95%CI: 0.707‍ ‍—‍ ‍0.870) in the modeling group and 0.804 (95%CI: 0.675‍ ‍—‍ ‍0.932) in the validation group. ConclusionMain pancreatic duct index and pancreatic CT value are closely associated with POPF after PD, and the risk prediction model for pancreatic fistula based on the 2016 edition has a good prediction accuracy.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009858

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the clinical phenotypes, genetic characteristics, and pathological features of children with disorders of sex development (DSD).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was conducted on epidemiological, clinical phenotype, chromosomal karyotype, gonadal pathology, and genotype data of 165 hospitalized children with DSD at Children's Hospital of Hebei Province and Tangshan Maternal and Child Health Hospital from August 2008 to December 2022.@*RESULTS@#Among the 165 children with DSD, common presenting symptoms were short stature (62/165, 37.6%), clitoromegaly (33/165, 20.0%), cryptorchidism (28/165, 17.0%), hypospadias (24/165, 14.5%), and skin pigmentation abnormalities/exteriorized pigmented labia majora (19/165, 11.5%). Chromosomal karyotype analysis was performed on 127 cases, revealing 36 cases (28.3%) of 46,XX DSD, 34 cases (26.8%) of 46,XY DSD, and 57 cases (44.9%) of sex chromosome abnormalities. Among the sex chromosome abnormal karyotypes, the 45,X karyotype (11/57, 19%) and 45,X/other karyotype mosaicism (36/57, 63%) were more common. Sixteen children underwent histopathological biopsy of gonadal tissues, resulting in retrieval of 25 gonadal tissues. The gonadal tissue biopsies revealed 3 cases of testes, 3 cases of dysplastic testes, 6 cases of ovaries, 11 cases of ovotestes, and 1 case each of streak gonad and agenesis of gonads. Genetic testing identified pathogenic/likely pathogenic variants in 23 cases (23/36, 64%), including 12 cases of 21-hydroxylase deficiency congenital adrenal hyperplasia caused by CYP21A2 pathogenic variants.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Short stature, clitoromegaly, cryptorchidism, hypospadias, and skin pigmentation abnormalities are common phenotypes in children with DSD. 45,X/other karyotype mosaicism and CYP21A2 compound heterozygous variants are major etiological factors in children with DSD. The most commonly observed gonadal histopathology in children with DSD includes ovotestes, ovaries, and testes/dysgenetic testes.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Child , Disorders of Sex Development/pathology , Hypospadias/complications , Cryptorchidism/complications , Retrospective Studies , Adrenal Hyperplasia, Congenital , Steroid 21-Hydroxylase
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969909

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the status of excess heart age and its risk factors among Chinese residents aged 35 to 64 years. Methods: The study subjects were Chinese residents aged 35 to 64 years who completed the heart age assessment by WeChat official account"Heart Strengthening Action"through the internet from January 2018 to April 2021. Information such as age, gender, body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, total cholesterol (TC), smoking history, and diabetes history was collected. The heart age and excess heart age were calculated according to the characteristics of individual cardiovascular risk factors and the heart aging was defined as excess heart age≥5 years and 10 years respectively. The heart age and standardization rate were calculated respectively based on the population standardization of the 7th census in 2021.CA trend test was used to analyze the changing trend of excess heart age rate and population attributable risk (PAR) was used to calculate the contribution of risk factors. Results: The mean age of 429 047 subjects was 49.25±8.66 years. The male accounted for 51.17% (219 558/429 047) and the excess heart age was 7.00 (0.00, 11.00) years. The excess heart age rate defined by excess heart age≥5 years and≥10 years was 57.02% (the standardized rate was 56.83%) and 38.02% (the standardized rate was 37.88%) respectively. With the increase of the age and number of risk factors, the excess heart age rate of the two definitions showed an upward trend according to the result of the trend test analysis (P<0.001). The top two risk factors of the PAR for excess heart age were overweight or obese and smoking. Among them, the male was smoking and overweight or obese, while the female was overweight or obese and having hypercholesterolemia. Conclusion: The excess heart age rate is high in Chinese residents aged 35 to 64 years and the contribution of overweight or obese, smoking and having hypercholesterolemia ranks high.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984760

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the status of excess heart age and its risk factors among Chinese residents aged 35 to 64 years. Methods: The study subjects were Chinese residents aged 35 to 64 years who completed the heart age assessment by WeChat official account "Heart Strengthening Action" through the internet from January 2018 to April 2021. Information such as age, gender, body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, total cholesterol (TC), smoking history, and diabetes history was collected. The heart age and excess heart age were calculated according to the characteristics of individual cardiovascular risk factors and the heart aging was defined as excess heart age≥5 years and 10 years respectively. The heart age and standardization rate were calculated respectively based on the population standardization of the 7th census in 2021.CA trend test was used to analyze the changing trend of excess heart age rate and population attributable risk (PAR) was used to calculate the contribution of risk factors. Results: The mean age of 429 047 subjects was (49.25±8.66) years. The male accounted for 51.17% (219 558/429 047) and the excess heart age was 7.00 (0.00, 11.00) years. The excess heart age rate defined by excess heart age≥5 years and ≥10 years was 57.02% (the standardized rate was 56.83%) and 38.02% (the standardized rate was 37.88%) respectively. With the increase of the age and number of risk factors, the excess heart age rate of the two definitions showed an upward trend according to the result of the trend test analysis (P<0.001). The top two risk factors of the PAR for excess heart age were overweight or obese and smoking. Among them, the male was smoking and overweight or obese, while the female was overweight or obese and having hypercholesterolemia. Conclusion: The excess heart age rate is high in Chinese residents aged 35 to 64 years and the contribution of overweight or obese, smoking and having hypercholesterolemia ranks high.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Overweight , Hypercholesterolemia/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Obesity/epidemiology , Body Mass Index , China/epidemiology
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998186

ABSTRACT

Diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) is a chronic functional bowel disorder characterized by abdominal pain and diarrhea, with visceral hypersensitivity and abnormal gastrointestinal dynamics as the pathophysiological basis. The brain-gut interaction plays a role in pain-related functional gastrointestinal disorders, especially IBS-D. 5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), as an important brain-gut peptide regulating gastrointestinal function, affects brain activity, gastrointestinal motility, pain perception, mucosal inflammation, and immune response through brain-gut interaction and is associated with the occurrence and development of IBS-D. In recent years, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has shown great potential to mitigate gastrointestinal symptoms and improve the quality of life with its holistic view and treatment based on syndrome differentiation. Studies have shown that TCM treats IBS-D by regulating the 5-HT signaling pathway. With a focus on syndrome differentiation in TCM, this paper systematically describes the efficacy and mechanism of TCM in treating different TCM syndromes of IBS-D via the 5-HT signaling pathway, aiming to provide a scientific basis for TCM treatment of this disease.

6.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 223-228, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996215

ABSTRACT

Early diagnosis, effective treatment and monitoring of recurrence and metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma have always been difficult problems for clinicians. MicroRNA (miRNA) plays an important role in hepatocellular carcinoma cells' proliferation, apoptosis, metabolism and other processes, and can be released into body fluids such as blood, urine and saliva. The peripheral blood miRNA in hepatocellular carcinoma can be used as biomarkers for the diagnosis, efficacy assessment, recurrence and metastasis monitoring and prognosis judgment, and may even become therapeutic targets for hepatocellular carcinoma. This article summarizes the research progress of circulating miRNA in peripheral blood as markers for diagnosis and treatment monitoring of hepatocellular carcinoma.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990292

ABSTRACT

The clinical decision support system can provide medical staff with targeted patient diagnosis, treatment and care plan according to the recommendations of the guidelines, and assist medical staff to make clinical decisions. However, the adherence to clinical decision support system which based on guidelines was poor in clinical practice. Therefore, this article reviewed the influence factors of adherence to clinical decision support system which based on guideline from four aspects: system factors, individual factors, organizational factors and environmental factors, so as to improve the hindering factors and promote the application of clinical decision support system which based on guideline in future research and clinical practice.

8.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 986-993, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013918

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of Lulong Zaisheng Decoction II on chemotherapy-induced bone marrow suppression in nude mice bearing colorectal cancer. Methods Male BALB/C nude mice were inoculated with human colon cancer cell HT-29 under the armpit. The tumor bearing nude mice were randomly divided into five groups: control group, chemotherapy group, positive drug group, Lulong Zaisheng Decoction II groups with high and low doses. The mice were given drugs by gavage once a day for 10 consecutive days. From the fourth day of the experiment, except for the control group, the nude mice were intraperitoneally injected with 5-FU at dose of 25 mg • kg

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934493

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore an optimal surgical approach for different types of labia minora hypertrophy and to design a better personalized surgical treatment plan for patients.Methods:From October 2017 to October 2020, 71 patients with labia minora hypertrophy were treated in the plastic surgery department of Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital, aged 18-38 years, with an average of 26 years. According to the type and degree of hypertrophy, the appropriate surgical method was selected. The wound healing and complications were observed after operation, and the shape of labia minora was followed up.Results:Among the 71 patients, 1 patient had postoperative hematoma and no flap necrosis after active treatment. 1 patient had poor healing of distal labia minora incision and improved after dressing change. The other patients had good blood supply of labia minora, no necrosis, no postoperative infection, hematoma and other complications. The patients were followed up for 1-6 months. The appearance of labia minora was natural, bilateral symmetry, and the incision scar was hidden. The improvement was significant compared with that before operation. The patients were satisfied with the shape and function.Conclusions:According to the degree of hypertrophy of the labia minora, the specific shape and the psychological expectation of patients, we can choose the appropriate operation method, which can achieve the aesthetic standard of symmetry and beautiful shape of the labia minora, and meet the normal physiological function and aesthetic requirements of patients.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934492

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical application and effect of orbicularis oculi muscle shaping in lower blepharoplasty.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of 32 cases of flabby blepharoplasty patients admitted to the Orthopedic Surgery Clinic of Sichuan people's Hospital from October 2018 to September 2019. At the same time of transcutaneous blepharoplasty, 32 patients were treated with orbicularis oculi muscle shaping to remove the relaxed orbicularis oculi muscle, to reconstruct the annular strength and shape of the orbicularis oculi muscle, to strengthen the supporting structure of the lower eyelid, to reset the relationship between the external canthus orbicularis muscle and the skin, and then to reconstruct the soft tissue filling degree of the lower eyelid margin. The safety, efficacy and stability of the operation were evaluated by Barton grading, postoperative complications and scoring before and after operation and satisfactory analysis based on patients' satisfaction scale after operation.Results:All the patients were free of postoperative infection and healed at stage I. There were 2 cases of ecchymosis, 3 cases of ocular foreign body sensation, and no cases of infection, lower eyelid retraction, lower eyelid ectropion, or retrobulbous hematoma. The mean Barton score of all patients before surgery was 1.88±0.49, and the mean Barton score after surgery was 0.53±0.51. The t-test showed that the difference was statistically significant ( t=15.75, P<0.05), and the postoperative lacrimal groove deformity was improved. According to the score of satisfaction scale, 7 people were basically satisfied (21.88%) and 25 people were very satisfied (78.12%). Conclusions:Forming in the orbicularis oculi muscle relaxation eyelid bag type of prosthesis, in addition to the part of the orbicularis oculi muscle relaxation, deformation, and widely shed canthus outside skin and orbicularis connection, make the next eyelid edge to reproduce the full shape, obviously the bulging under the eyelid relaxation, the shape of the degree of repair, lateral canthus wrinkles tail department have also improven, restoring the full eyelid platform. The operation has strong pertinence, simple procedures, less complications and better long-term effect.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934408

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility of using the sigma metrics calculated with the data of internal quality control for the comparison of the analytical performance between different biochemical analyzers.Methods:The internal quality control results of twenty-five biochemical assays in the biochemical analyzers of the department of clinical laboratory in Cancer Hospital from February 1, 2021 to July 31, 2021 were collected. The formula sigma =( TEa- Bias)/ CV was used to calculate the sigma metrics of two different levels of the biochemical assays including albumin, alkaline phosphatase, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, calcium, cholesterol, creatine kinase, chlorine, creatinine, γ- glutamyltranspeptidase, blood glucose, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, immunoglobulin A, immunoglobulin G, immunoglobulin M, potassium, lactate dehydrogenase, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, sodium, inorganic phosphorus, total bilirubin, triglyceride, total protein, urea, uric acid. The imprecision was obtained by the coefficient of variation of internal quality control. The bias was calculated by the deviation between the mean of internal quality control of the comparison instrument and the target instrument. The allowable total error ( TEa) was based on People's Republic of China Health Industry Standard (WS/T403-2012) or EQA standard of National Center for Clinical Laboratories (NCCL). Compared the sigma values of the comparison instrument relative to the target instrument with the average percentage bias obtained by the traditional comparison method. Quality goal index was used to analyze the causes of poor performance and judge the results of comparison. Results:Compared with the target instrument Beckman AU5800-3, the comparison instrument Beckman AU5800-1 had 10 assays with σ>6, accounting for 40%, 23 assays with σ>3, accounting for 92%, and only albumin and blood glucose showed σ<3. Through statostical analysis, the comparisons of all assays were passed. The comparison instrument Beckman AU5800-2 had 8 assays with σ>6, accounting for 32%, 20 assays with σ>3, accounting for 80%. Only alkaline phosphatase, calcium, lactate dehydrogenase, total protein and urea showed σ<3. Through statostical analysis, the comparisons of GGT and IgM failed. For the traditional comparison method, the percentage bias between the comparison instruments and the target instrument were all within the range of the evaluation standard. But there was no significant correlation between the σ value and the average bias of the traditional comparison method, and the biases were correlated.Conclusions:Using the sigma metrics calculated with the data of internal quality control for the comparison of different detection systems is a convenient and operable method. It can monitor the comparability between different detection systems in the laboratory at any time and be the supplement of the traditional comparison method.

12.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1051-1055, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956263

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the expression of calcium-binding protein 39 (CAB39) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in bladder cancer tissues and their relationship with the prognosis of patients.Methods:A case-control study was conducted to select the focal tissues (case group) and post-operative paracancourous tissues (control group) from 94 bladder cancer patients who underwent surgery from Zibo Central Hospital from June 2014 to April 2018. Western blot and immunohistochemical staining were used to detect the expression of VEGF and CAB39 proteins in the two specimens. The positive expression rates of VEGF and CAB39 protein in bladder cancer tissues with different pathological characteristics were analyzed, and the relationship between VEGF and CAB39 protein expression and prognosis of patients with bladder cancer was analyzed by Cox proportional hazard regression model.Results:The relative expression levels of VEGF and CAB39 protein in the case group were significantly higher than those in the control group, with significant statistical difference (all P<0.05). The immunohistochemical staining scores of VEGF and CAB39 protein in the case group were higher than those in the control group, with statistically significant difference (all P<0.05). The positive expression rate of CAB39 protein was significantly higher in bladder cancer tissure of patients with low-grade, clinical stage T3-T4 and lymph node metastasis, with statistically significant difference (all P<0.05). The positive expression rate of VEGF protein was significantly higher in bladder cancer tissue of patients with clinical stage T3-T4 and lymph node metastasis, with statistically significant difference (all P<0.05). Cox proportional hazard regression model showed that low grade, clinical stage T3-T4, lymph node metastasis, positive expression of VEGF and CAB39 protein were independent risk factors for poor prognosis in bladder cancer patients in 3 years (all P<0.05). Conclusions:VEGF and CAB39 proteins are highly expressed in bladder cancer tissue, and have a certain relationship with the poor prognosis of patients.

13.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 419-422, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953981

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the efficacy and safety of decitabine combined with chemotherapy in treatment of relapsed/refractory T lymphoblastic lymphoma/leukemia (T-LBL/ALL) with TP53 mutation.Methods:The clinical data of a T-LBL/ALL patient with TP53 mutation who had recurrence after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) treated with decitabine combined with chemotherapy in the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University in June 2018 were retrospectively analyzed and the relevant literature was reviewed.Results:The patient, a 42-year-old male, diagnosed as T-LBL/ALL with TP53 mutation by comprehensive examination underwent sibling-matched donor allo-HSCT after a second complete remission. The patient relapsed 8 months later and was treated with decitabine combined with CLAG regimen to achieve complete remission again. And then, he had leukemia-free survival until now through maintenance treatment with decitabine.Conclusion:Decitabine combined with chemotherapy may be a safe and effective treatment option for relapsed T-LBL/ALL patients with TP53 mutation after allo-HSCT.

14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2430-2437, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921177

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) is a promising biomarker for non-invasive epidermal growth factor receptor mutations (EGFRm) detection in lung cancer patients, but existing methods have limitations in sensitivity and availability. In this study, we used the ΔCt value (mutant cycle threshold [Ct] value-internal control Ct value) generated during the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay to convert super-amplification-refractory mutation system (superARMS) from a qualitative method to a semi-quantitative method named reformed-superARMS (R-superARMS), and evaluated its performance in detecting EGFRm in plasma ctDNA in patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma.@*METHODS@#A total of 41 pairs of tissues and plasma samples were obtained from lung adenocarcinoma patients who had known EGFRm in tumor tissue and were previously untreated. EGFRm in ctDNA was identified by using superARMS. Through making use of ΔCt value generated during the detection process of superARMS, we indirectly transform this qualitative detection method into a semi-quantitative PCR detection method, named R-superARMS. Both qualitative and quantitative analyses of the data were performed. Kaplan-Meier analysis was performed to estimate the progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Fisher exact test was used for categorical variables.@*RESULTS@#The concordance rate of EGFRm in tumor tissues and matched plasma samples was 68.3% (28/41). At baseline, EGFRm-positive patients were divided into two groups according to the cut-off ΔCt value of EGFRm set at 8.11. A significant difference in the median OS (mOS) between the two groups was observed (EGFRm ΔCt ≤8.11 vs. >8.11: not reached vs. 11.0 months; log-rank P = 0.024). Patients were divided into mutation clearance (MC) group and mutation incomplete clearance (MIC) group according to whether the ΔCt value of EGFRm test turned negative after 1 month of treatment. We found that there was also a significant difference in mOS (not reached vs. 10.4 months; log-rank P = 0.021) between MC group and MIC group. Although there was no significant difference in PFS between the two groups, the two curves were separated and the PFS of MC group tended to be higher than the MIC group (not reached vs. 27.5 months; log-rank P = 0.088). Furthermore, EGFRm-positive patients were divided into two groups according to the cut-off of the changes in ΔCt value of EGFRm after 1 month of treatment, which was set at 4.89. A significant difference in the mOS between the two groups was observed (change value of ΔCt >4.89 vs. ≤4.89: not reached vs. 11.0 months; log-rank P = 0.014).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Detecting EGFRm in ctDNA using R-superARMS can identify patients who are more likely sensitive to targeted therapy, reflect the molecular load of patients, and predict the therapeutic efficacy and clinical outcomes of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/genetics , Circulating Tumor DNA/genetics , ErbB Receptors/genetics , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Mutation/genetics , Protein Kinase Inhibitors
15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3268-3276, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906841

ABSTRACT

Cryptotanshinone (CPT), an active ingredient with the inhibitory effect on brain glioma cells, is trapped with poor solubility and low tumor permeability. Therefore, it is urgent to design nano drug delivery systems characterized with deep penetration and accurate targeting. In the present study, tLyp-1 modified liposomes loaded with CPT (tLipo/CPT) was prepared by emulsion solvent evaporation method. Peptide tLyp-1 which targeting tumor angiogenesis and neuropilin receptors (NRP) was modified on surface of CPT liposomes, with the aim of active targeting brain glioma cells and further release CPT precisely. The size and polymer dispersity index (PDI) of tLipo/CPT were (162.2 ± 14.6) nm and 0.24 ± 0.03. The optimal molar ratio of tLyp-1 modified on CPT liposomes was 0.5% determined by intracellular fluorescence parameters. The morphology displayed a smooth sphericity structure as determined by transmission electron microscope. Efficiency of CPT encapsulated in tLipo/CPT was detected by high performance liquid chromatography. The encapsulation efficiency of CPT was (70.06 ± 7.22) %. Liposomes modified with tLyp-1 peptide (tLipo) were internalized more than liposomes not modified with tLyp-1 (Lipo) by GL261 cells. Fluorescence intensity of tLipo in GL261 cells increased 40% than that of Lipo. Furthermore, we proved that the intake of tLipo/CPT in GL261 cells was mediated by NRP-1 receptor. MTT analysis indicated that tLipo/CPT significantly inhibit the proliferation of GL261 cells. The half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) was 5.70 μmol·L-1. In vitro blood-brain barrier (BBB) model experiment indicated that tLipo/CPT could penetration across BBB. Moreover, in vivo fluorescence biodistribution study indicated tail vein injection of DiR labeled tLipo after 0.5 h, DiR fluorescence could be observed in the brain of mice. Even after 24 h, DiR fluorescence still was observed in the brain. Our research certified that tLipo/CPT can penetrate the BBB and show effect of anti-glioma by inhibiting the proliferation of GL261 cells. The animal experiment was carried out in accordance with protocol evaluated and approved by the Ethics Committee of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883336

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the visual quality of patients with astigmatic multifocus intraocular lens (ART IOL) and astigmatic monofocus IOL (Toric IOL) after implantation.Methods:A prospective, non-randomized, controlled study was conducted to include 72 eyes of 72 cataract patients with corneal astigmatism (1.0-2.5 D) who were scheduled to receive phacoemulsification combined with IOL implantation in Chaoju Eye Hospital of Inner Mongolia from July 2017 to October 2018.Patients were divided into ART IOL group (37 eyes) and Toric IOL group (35 eyes) according to different IOLs implanted.All patients were followed up for 1 year after surgery.The main and secondary outcome indicators were compared.The main outcome indicators included distance (5 m), intermediate (80 cm), and near (40 cm) uncorrected visual acuity and best corrected visual acuity, defocus curve, contrast sensitivity, postoperative IOL rotation and residual astigmatism, while the secondary outcome indicators included visual subjective symptoms and spectacle independence rate.The above outcome indicators were compared between the two groups.This study followed the Declaration of Helsinki.The study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of Chaoju Eye Hospital of Inner Mongolia (No.CJYKLL202012).Written informed consent was obtained from each patient before surgery.Results:There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in average uncorrected distance visual acuity and best corrected distance, intermediate and near visual acuity (all at P>0.05).The average intermediate and near visual acuity in the ART IOL group was significantly higher than that in the Toric IOL group, showing statistically significant differences (both at P<0.05).The defocus curve of the ART IOL group presented a double peak, which reached the peak at the far focus (0.0 D) and near focus (-2.5 D), respectively.The visual acuity range from 1.5 to-3.0 D was above 0.2 logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (LogMAR), and the focus depth range was 4.5 D (1.5 to -3.0 D).The defocus curve of the Toric IOL group had only one crest, which was located at best corrected visual acuity (0.0 D).The visual acuity reached 0.2 LogMAR or above were from 1.0 to -1.0 D, and the focal depth range was 2.0 D (1.0 to -1.0 D).There was no statistically significant difference in contrast sensitivity at different spatial frequencies between the two groups in bright light, bright flashing light and dark light (all at P>0.05), while the contrast sensitivity of the ART IOL group at high dark flashing light frequency was lower than that of the Toric IOL group, showing statistically significant difference ( P<0.05).In the ART IOL group and the Toric IOL group, the average residual astigmatism after surgery was (-0.47±0.51)D and (-0.49±0.42)D, respectively, with no statistically significant difference ( t=0.408, P>0.05).There was no significant difference in postoperative IOL rotation between the two groups ( t=1.906, P>0.05).The total postoperative spectacle independence rate in the ART IOL group was 97.30%(36/37), which was higher than that in the Toric IOL group (17.14%, 6/35), showing statistically significant difference ( χ2=15.320, P<0.05). Conclusions:Both Toric IOL and ART IOL can better correct corneal astigmatism and improve patients' distance visual acuity, but ART IOL implantation can provide better distance, intermediate and near visual acuity, and higher spectacle independence rate.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883270

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the predictive value of computed tomography (CT) texture analysis for the recurrence in children with acute pancreatitis (AP).Methods:The clinical diagnostic test was conducted. The clinical data of 56 children with primary AP who were admitted to Wuhan Fourth Hospital from January 2016 to January 2018 were collected. There were 13 males and 43 females, aged from 3.5 to 13.0 years, with a median age of 5.5 years. Based on follow-up in other hospitals, 20 children with recurrence of AP were allocated into recurrence group, and 36 children without recurrence were allocated into non-recurrence group. All the 56 children underwent abdomen plain and enhanced CT scan within 24 hours after first admission. Observation indicators: (1) comparison of clinicopathological features between two groups of children with AP. (2) comparison of CT texture parameters between two groups of children with AP. (3) diagnostic efficacy of clinical features and CT texture parameters. Follow-up using outpatient reexamination and telephone interview was conducted to detect recurrence of AP up to February 2020. The duration of follow-up required more than or equal to 24 months. The Shapiro Wilk test was used to analyze normality of measurement data. Measurement data with normal distribution were repre-sented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was conducted using the t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M (range) or M ( P25, P75), and comparison between groups was conducted using the Mann-Whitney U test. Count data were described as absolute numbers, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the chi-square test. Comparison of ordinal data was conducted using the Mann-Whitney U test. Clinical parameters and CT texture parameters with statistical differences were multivariate analyzed using the Logistic regression model. Receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis was used to evaluate the predictive efficacy of parameters for recurrence of AP. Results:(1) Comparison of clinicopatholo-gical features between two groups of children with AP: cases with or without complications were 14 and 6 for the recurrence group, versus 7 and 29 for the non-recurrence group, showing a significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=14.021, P<0.05). Cases with minimal, moderately severe or severe disease (severity of disease) were 2, 5, 13 for the recurrence group, versus 19, 11, 6 for the non-recurrence group, showing a significant difference between the two groups ( Z=5.414, P<0.05). (2) Comparison of CT texture parameters between two groups of children with AP: the energy value in the arterial phase on CT examination was 0.186(0.174,0.206)for the recurrence group and 0.413(0.405,0.425) for the non-recurrence group, showing a significant difference between the two groups ( Z=9.413, P<0.05). The energy value and entropy value in the venous phase on CT examination were 0.084(0.078,0.092) and 0.961(0.210,1.720) for the recurrence group, versus 0.135(0.124,0.156) and 0.372(0.210,0.535) for the non-recurrence group, showing significant differences between the two groups ( Z=4.763, 7.243, P<0.05). (3) Diagnostic efficacy of clinical parameters and CT texture parameters: results of multivariate analysis showed the complications, severity of disease, energy value in the arterial phase on CT examination were related factors for recurrence in children with AP, energy value and entropy value in the venous phase on CT examination were related factor for recurrence in children with AP ( odds ratio=0.874, 0.765, 0.837, 0.902, 0.813, 95% confidence interval as 0.802?0.985, 0.581?0.914, 0.753?0.897, 0.862?0.948, 0.765?0.873, P<0.05). Results of ROC analysis showed that that areas under curve (AUC) of complications, severity of disease in the clinical parameters were 0.734 and 0.832, the AUC of single CT texture parameter was 0.811?0.867, the AUC of clinico-pathological parameters combined with CT texture parameters was 0.882. Conclusion:CT texture analysis can early and non-invasively predict the recurrence of AP in children, and the combination of clinicopathological parameters with CT texture parameter has a better predictive efficacy.

18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1267-1275, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878175

ABSTRACT

Immunotherapy has opened a new era in cancer treatment. Drugs represented by immune checkpoint inhibitors have led to important breakthroughs in the treatment of various solid tumors, greatly improving the survival rate of cancer patients. Many types of immunotherapeutic drugs have become widely available; however, their efficacy is variable, and relatively few patients with advanced cancer experience life-altering durable survival, reflecting the complex and highly regulated nature of the immune system. The research field of cancer immunotherapy (CIT) still faces many challenges in pursuing the broader social goal of "curing cancer." Increasing attention has been paid to strengthening the understanding of the molecular or cellular drivers of resistance to immunotherapy, actively exploring more effective therapeutic targets, and developing combination therapy strategies. Here, we review the key challenges that have emerged in the era of CIT and the possible solutions or development directions to overcome these difficulties, providing relevant references for basic research and the development of modified clinical treatment regimens.


Subject(s)
Humans , Combined Modality Therapy , Immunologic Factors , Immunotherapy , Neoplasms/therapy
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973712

ABSTRACT

Objective The experiment project was designed to explore the variation of NaI (Tl) gamma spectrometer channels with environmental temperature. 60Co and 152Eu were used to verify the reliability of the correction methods. Methods Two correction methods were applicated, which were curve fitting correction method and known measurement peak correction method. Results The experimental results showed that temperature changes had an effect on NaI (Tl) measured spectra peak. The relative peak will shift to the right at 5℃ by 9.6%, and to the left at 60℃ by 16%, with the reference temperature set at 25℃. The two methods are based on the channel change due to temperature changes, and they could effectively correct the temperature peak-drift. Conclusion In order to make the measured spectrum information accurate and reliable in field monitoring, it is suggested to monitor the environmental temperature so as to correct the measured data.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015954

ABSTRACT

Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is a chronic liver disease in which the internal liver tissues are inflammation damaged caused by long-term excessive drinking. Direct or indirect induction of hepatic inflammatory response by ethanol and its derivatives in the metabolic process may be an important mechanism of ALD, but the underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms of this process are still unclear. Recent study found that interleukin-6 (IL-6) response to ethanol mediated inflammation of the liver cells with dual role. It is involved in an inflammatory process that drives alcohol damage, activate cell apoptosis signaling pathways to stimulate macrophage and lymphocyte acute reactive protein synthesis aggravate the inflammatory response, and can lead to liver cell regeneration, increase anti-inflammatory cytokine levels play anti-inflammatory function to improve the degree of liver injury, and exercise stress can cause muscle source sex IL-6 temporary increased significantly, change the liver oxidation-inflammatory state. Then the body is kept in the adaptive state of long-term anti-inflammation to prevent the inflammatory damage of liver cells. Based on deepening the understanding of ALD inflammation pathological mechanism at the same time, the review on alcoholic liver cell inflammation related factor change and the IL-6 regulation pathway, considering the clinical use of IL-6 joint inflammatory factor pathway of targeted therapy is expected to be a novel therapy, the feasibility for laboratory screening of inflammatory related ALD drug intervention, for the prevention of alcoholic liver disease and treatment to provide new targets and train of thought.

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