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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 254-266, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003430

ABSTRACT

Oral administration is the most convenient way of drug delivery, but due to the existence of intestinal barrier, the oral bioavailability of drugs is generally low, especially for drugs with low water solubility, poor permeability and macromolecules. For decades, researchers have demonstrated that nano-delivery system is one of the most effective strategies to solve this problem, but nano-delivery systems have shown limited improvement in the oral bioavailability of drugs. Therefore, researchers have proposed to use transporter-mediated nano-delivery systems to promote the oral absorption of drugs. The intestinal tract were highly expressed as a transporter for ingesting various nutrients(such as glucose, oligopeptides and bile acids), which was an excellent target of oral drug delivery system. Its substrate were modified on the nano-delivery system, and the loaded drugs could cross the intestinal barrier and enter the systemic circulation more efficiently through the targeting effect of transporters. At present, more and more evidences supported the potential of transporters in the field of oral drug delivery system. Therefore, this paper reviewed the research on intestinal transporters-mediated nano-delivery system to promote oral absorption of drugs, including the distribution of intestinal transporters, three strategies of transporter substrate modification, the transport properties of different types of transporters and their effects of mediating the nano-delivery system for promoting the oral absorption of drugs or treating diseases, with the aim of providing an important theoretical reference for the development of intestinal targeted nano-delivery systems.

2.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 89(3): 469-476, May-June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1447713

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To explore whether Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate (cAMP)-Epac1 signaling is activated in 1-Desamino-8-D-arginine-Vasopressin-induced Endolymphatic Hydrops (DDAVP-induced EH) and to provide new insight for further in-depth study of DDAVP-induced EH. Methods Eighteen healthy, red-eyed guinea pigs (36 ears) weighing 200-350 g were randomly divided into three groups: the control group, which received intraperitoneal injection of sterile saline (same volume as that in the other two groups) for 7 consecutive days; the DDAVP-7d group, which received intraperitoneal injection of 10 mg/mL/kg DDAVP for 7 consecutive days; and the DDAVP-14d group, which received intraperitoneal injection of 10 μg/mL/kg DDAVP for 14 consecutive days. After successful modeling, all animals were sacrificed, and cochlea tissues were collected to detect the mRNA and protein expression of the exchange protein directly activated by cAMP-1 and 2 (Epac1, Epac2), and Repressor Activator Protein-1 (Rap1) by Reverse Transcription (RT)-PCR and western blotting, respectively. Results Compared to the control group, the relative mRNA expression of Epac1, Epac2, Rap1A, and Rap1B in the cochlea tissue of the DDAVP-7d group was significantly higher (p< 0.05), while no significant difference in Rap1 GTPase activating protein (Rap1gap) mRNA expression was found between the two groups. The relative mRNA expression of Epac1, Rap1A, Rap1B, and Rap1gap in the cochlea tissue of the DDAVP-14d group was significantly higher than that of the control group (p< 0.05), while no significant difference in Epac2 mRNA expression was found between the DDAVP-14d and control groups. Comparison between the DDAVP-14d and DDAVP-7d groups showed that the DDAVP-14d group had significantly lower Epac2 and Rap1A (p< 0.05) and higher Rap1gap (p < 0.05) mRNA expression in the cochlea tissue than that of the DDAVP-7d group, while no significant differences in Epac1 and Rap1B mRNA expression were found between the two groups. Western blotting showed that Epac1 protein expression in the cochlea tissue was the highest in the DDAVP-14d group, followed by that in the DDAVP-7d group, and was the lowest in the control group, showing significant differences between groups (p< 0.05); Rap1 protein expression in the cochlea tissue was the highest in the DDAVP-7d group, followed by the DDAVP-14d group, and was the lowest in the control group, showing significant differences between groups (p< 0.05); no significant differences in Epac2 protein expression in the cochlea tissue were found among the three groups. Conclusion DDAVP upregulated Epac1 protein expression in the guinea pig cochlea, leading to activation of the inner ear cAMP-Epac1 signaling pathway. This may be an important mechanism by which DDAVP regulates endolymphatic metabolism to induce EH and affect inner ear function. Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine 2011 Levels of Evidence Level 5.

3.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1232-1235, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006478

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the prevalence and risk factors of dental caries and its related influencing factors in 12-year-old children in Yangpu District, Shanghai, and to provide relevant data support for the formulation of oral health policies and measures for children. MethodsIn 2021, 839 12-year-old children were randomly selected from five ordinary junior high schools in Yangpu District. The investigation included an oral health examination and a questionnaire survey on factors related to dental caries. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the influencing factors of dental caries. ResultsAmong the 839 participants, data from 830 were included. Among them, 426 were male (51.3%) and 404 were female (48.7%). Of the 830 children, 203 had dental caries, resulting in a caries prevalence of 24.46%, a caries supplemental filling ratio of 32.6%, and a DMFT of 0.63. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that a mother’s education level of college or above (OR=0.849,95% CI: 0.732‒0.984), brushing teeth twice a day (OR=0.827,95%CI: 0.703‒0.973), and the caregiver brushing teeth twice a day (OR=0.843, 95%CI: 0.726‒0.983) were effective factors in reducing the caries rate. Factors associated with childhood dental caries included consuming sweets ≥1 time per day (OR=1.397,95%CI: 1.197‒1.342) and female gender (OR=1.482,95%CI: 1.347‒1.671). ConclusionThe prevalence of dental caries among 12-year-old children in Yangpu District is 24.46%. Gender, maternal education, the frequency of children's toothbrushing, the frequency of sweet consumption, and the caregiver’s toothbrushing frequency are the main factors affecting the prevalence of dental caries in children.

4.
JOURNAL OF RARE DISEASES ; (4): 353-358, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004962

ABSTRACT

  Objective  By summarizing the clinical characteristics and follow-up outcomes of 5 patients with immune checkpoint inhibitor induced diabetes mellitus (ICI-DM) and reviewing the relevant literatures, the article aims at providing reference to clinicians in the diagnosis and treatment of the ICI-DM.  Methods  Clinical data of 5 patients with ICI-DM who were admitted to Peking Union Medical College Hospital from December 2018 to February 2023 and did retrospectively analyzed.  Results  Five patients with a mean age of (65±7)years received treatment by the programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) or its ligand inhibitor (PD-L1). The median time from the first immunotherapy to the discovery of elevated plasma glucose was 100 (43, 210)days, and the median cycle of immunotherapy was 7 (2.5, 10.5). The onset of the illness of all the 5 patients started with diabetic ketosis or ketoacidosis. At the onset, urine ketone bodies were positive, random plasma glucose was (36.36±15.89)mmol/L, glycosylated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c)was (8.6%±0.66%), arterial blood pH was (7.28±0.16), and the median fasting C-peptide level was 0.09 (0.05, 0.32)μg/L. Five patients had an onset plasma glucose level of grade 3 or 4.Then, ICI treatment was discontinued in all patients and insulin therapy started. The daily dosage of insulin was (56±20)IU, supplemented with hypoglycemic drugs. After treatment, urine ketone body turned negative, pH value increased to normal range, and random plasma glucose decreased significantly (the median difference of random blood glucose before and after treatment was 21.30 mmol/L, P=0.043) showing that the treatment was effective. During the follow-up, all patients continued to use insulin. The PD-1 or PD-L1 inhibitors were restarted after hyperglycemia remission. The tumor condition was under control.  Conclusions  ICI-DM mainly occurs in patients who receive treatment with PD-1 or PD-L1 inhibitors usually with acute hyperglycemia whose laboratory tests indicate insulin secretion defects. Some patients had positive islet cell antibodies, glutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies and autoantibodies.Patients with positive autoantibodies needed early diagnosis and continuous insulin treatment. ICI treatment can be restarted after endocrinologists brought the blood glucose under control.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 479-483, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003444

ABSTRACT

Objective  @#To evaluate the implementation, application, and problems and suggestions of the Radiation Shield- ing Requirements in Room of Radiotherapy Installations—Part 1: General Principle (GBZ/T 201.1—2007) through a survey of relevant personnel in radiation health technical service institutions, and to provide a scientific basis for further revision and implementation of this standard.@*Methods@#A questionnaire survey was conducted among randomly selected per- sonnel in radiation health technical services across China, which mainly investigated the awareness, training, application, and revision suggestions related to the GBZ/T 201.1—2007. The results were aggregated and analyzed.@*Results@#A total of 184 evaluation questionnaires on the GBZ/T 201.1—2007 were collected from technical service staff in 25 provinces. Among the responders, 64.1% thought that the standard had been widely applied; 91.8% thought that the standard could meet work needs; only 54.3% ever received relevant training on the standard; 68.5% used the standard once or more per year; 33.7% thought that the standard needed to be revised.@*Conclusion@#The personnel in radiation health technical services have a high awareness rate of the GBZ/T 201.1—2007 and its contents, but their familiarity with and application of the standard need to be improved. Relevant departments should strengthen the training and promotion of the standard, and part of the standard should be revised.

6.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 1018-1026, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002740

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and insomnia symptoms are common in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), which might lead to a poor prognosis and an increased risk of depression relapse. The current study aimed to investigate the prevalence, and sociodemographic and clinical correlates of EDS and insomnia symptoms among adolescents with MDD. @*Methods@#The sample of this cross-sectional study included 297 adolescents (mean age=15.26 years; range=12–18 years; 218 females) with MDD recruited from three general and four psychiatric hospitals in five cities (Hefei, Bengbu, Fuyang, Suzhou, and Ma’anshan) in Anhui Province, China between January and August, 2021. EDS and insomnia symptoms, and clinical severity of depressive symptoms were assessed using Epworth sleepiness scale, Insomnia Severity Index, and Clinical Global Impression-Severity. @*Results@#The prevalence of EDS and insomnia symptoms in adolescents with MDD was 39.7% and 38.0%, respectively. Binary logistic regression analyses showed that EDS symptoms were significantly associated with higher body mass index (odds ratio [OR]=1.097, 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.027–1.172), more severe depressive symptoms (OR=1.313, 95% CI=1.028–1.679), and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors use (OR=2.078, 95% CI=1.199–3.601). And insomnia symptoms were positively associated with female sex (OR=1.955, 95% CI=1.052–3.633), suicide attempts (OR=1.765, 95% CI=1.037–3.005), more severe depressive symptoms (OR=2.031, 95% CI=1.523–2.709), and negatively associated with antipsychotics use (OR=0.433, 95% CI=0.196–0.952). @*Conclusion@#EDS and insomnia symptoms are common among adolescents with MDD. Considering their negative effects on the clinical prognosis, regular screening and clinical managements should be developed for this patient population.

7.
Kidney Research and Clinical Practice ; : 174-187, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001965

ABSTRACT

The increasing prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major global public health concern. Despite the complicated pathogenesis of CKD, renal fibrosis represents the most common pathological condition, comprised of progressive accumulation of extracellular matrix in the diseased kidney. Over the last several decades, tremendous progress in understanding the mechanism of renal fibrosis has been achieved, and corresponding potential therapeutic strategies targeting fibrosis-related signaling pathways are emerging. Importantly, extracellular vesicles (EVs) contribute significantly to renal inflammation and fibrosis by mediating cellular communication. Increasing evidence suggests the potential of EV-based therapy in renal inflammation and fibrosis, which may represent a future direction for CKD therapy.

8.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1720-1723, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998897

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess the effectiveness of online and offline myopia prevention and control health education interventions using wearable behavior monitoring tools for non myopic elementary school students,so as to provide evidence based medical support for public health practices.@*Methods@#From May to June in 2021, two schools were selected within the same county in Jiangsu Province. School 1 conducted online and offline parental health education ( n =111), while school 2 exclusively conducted offline health education activities, representing the traditional intervention group ( n =122). Students from both schools underwent monitoring through wearable behavior tracking tools, with feedback reports provided (eye distance, eye duration, ambient light, and outdoor exposure time). Both schools relied on activities to carry out health education interventions, and organized the distribution of promotional materials and display boards. The intervention group also established WeChat groups to conduct online "Healthy Parents Action" (answering and providing feedback on health knowledge related to myopia prevention and control, myopia prevention and control, science popularization, etc. raised by parents). Evaluation criteria included myopia rates, post dilation refractive error, and axial length, with a tracking period of two years (from 2021 to 2023). Additionally, the study collected refractive parameters from non myopic students who did not participate in wearable tool monitoring in the 12 classes across the two schools.@*Results@#The baseline results indicated that there were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of refractive parameters and wearable tool monitoring results (including screen time, viewing distance, outdoor exposure time, and homework light exposure)( t/Z/χ 2=1.94,1.17,0.58,0.40,0.80,0.69,0.32, P >0.05). After a two-year follow up, in the first and second year, the myopia rate of the online Healthy Parents Action group (11.4%, 29.7%) were lower than that of the traditional group (26.2%, 50.9%), and the degree of refractive change in the intervention group [0.63(0.38,1.19)D] was lower than that of the traditional group [0.91(0.40,1.50)D], and all the differences were statistically significant( χ 2/ Z =4.93,10.37,2.29, P <0.05). However, there were no significant differences ( P >0.05) in axial length changes between the two groups over the twoyear intervention period. Nevertheless, in the second year, the axial length change in the traditional group [0.35(0.20,0.65)mm] was lower than that in the natural observation group [0.55(0.30,0.75)mm], and this difference was statistically significant ( Z =1.92, P <0.05).@*Conclusions@#Online and offline myopia prevention and control health education can effectively reduce myopia rates. The intervention mode combining wearable behavior monitoring tools with online health education may have better effects, but further large sample and multi center studies are needed to provide additional evidence and confirmation.

9.
Digital Chinese Medicine ; (4): 317-327, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997735

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To investigate the underlying mechanism of the compound Bugansan Decoction (补肝散, BGSD) in intervening learning and memory in D-galactose (D-gal)-induced aging rats. @*Methods@#A total of 40 rats were randomly assigned to four groups: control, model, BGSD [14.06 g/(kg·d)], and piracetam [0.4 g/(kg·d)] groups, with 10 rats in each group. D-gal [400 mg/(kg·d)] was injected intraperitoneally to establish the aging rat model. The rats' body weight, water intake, food intake, and gripping strength were recorded each week. The eightarm maze and step-down test were used to measure the rats' capacity for learning and memory. Liver, thymus, spleen, and brain tissues were weighed to calculate the corresponding organ indices; serum malondialdehyde (MDA) content and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity were measured. Hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining was adopted to observe the pathological changes of the hippocampus; enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-6, and IL-1β in the hippocampus. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to detect the expression of receptors for advanced glycation end products (RAGE), nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β mRNA in the hippocampus. Western blot (WB) was employed to detect the expression levels of advanced glycation end products (AGEs), RAGE, and NF-κB protein in the hippocampus. @*Results@#In D-gal-induced aging rats, BGSD significantly increased food intake, water intake, body weight, gripping strength, and organ indices (P < 0.05), and significantly decreased working memory error (WME), reference memory error (RME), and total memory errors (TE) in an eight-arm maze (P < 0.05). In the step-down test, step-down latency was prolonged and the frequency of errors dropped (P < 0.05). Additionally, BGSD could lessen the harm done to hippocampus neurons, increase serum SOD activity, lower MDA levels, and down-regulate the expression levels of the pro-inflammatory molecules TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β (P < 0.05). Further findings showed that BGSD significantly decreased hippocampal AGEs, RAGE, and NF-κB expression (P < 0.05). @*Conclusion@#By blocking the AGEs/RAGE/NF-κB signaling pathway, BGSD may regulate the neuroinflammatory damage in D-gal-induced aging rats, and thus improve learning and memory.

10.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 210-216, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996147

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy of treating somatoform pain disorder(SPD)with electroacupuncture(EA)at the Governor and Conception Vessel points plus duloxetine.Methods:Eighty-two SPD patients were randomly allocated to an observation group and a control group,with 41 cases in each group.The control group was intervened by oral administration of duloxetine hydrochloride enteric capsules at a dose of 60 mg per time once a day;based on the medication,the observation group received additional EA treatment by selecting points from the Governor and Conception Vessels.Clinical efficacy was evaluated after 8 weeks of treatments;changes in the scores of the short-form McGill pain questionnaire(SF-MPQ),self-report symptom inventory,symptom check list-90(SCL-90),Pittsburgh sleep quality index(PSQI),and generic quality of life inventory-74(GQOLI-74)were also compared.Results:After the intervention,the observation group surpassed the control group in comparing the total effective rate(P<0.05).The SF-MPQ score,SCL-90 somatization score,and PSQI score dropped notably in both groups after treatment,and the intra-group differences were statistically significant(P<0.05);the three scores were significantly lower in the observation group than in the control group(P<0.05).The GQOLI-74 score got an increase in each dimension in both groups after treatment,and the intra-group differences were also statistically significant(P<0.05);the GQOLI-74 dimension scores were all significantly higher in the observation group than in the control group(P<0.05).Conclusion:For patients with SPD,combining EA at the Governor and Conception Vessel points and duloxetine hydrochloride enteric capsules can markedly improve their clinical symptoms and quality of life.

11.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 436-440, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995573

ABSTRACT

The saphenous vein has been one of the most commonly used vascular materials for coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG), but the low long-term patency of the vein grafts limits the surgical benefits of CABG. The traditional method of saphenous vein harvesting is more damaging to the venous structures, which has led to the development of no-touch saphenous vein harvesting techniques. In this paper, we review the clinical progress of no-touch saphenous vein in CABG and the potential mechanisms of this technique, to improve the patency of vein grafts by analyzing the latest literature and research progress at the domestic and international level.

12.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 64-69, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995477

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical effect of repairing interphalangeal joint defect of hand with free transfer of part of the 2nd metatarsophalangeal joint tissue flap precisely cut with the aid of digital 3D printing technology.Methods:From December 2016 to December 2020, 7 patients with partial joint defects of proximal interphalangeal joints of fingers were treated in Department of Hand and Foot Surgery, Shunde Hospital Affiliated to Guangzhou Medical University(Foshan Shunde Lecong Hospital). Before surgery, three-dimensional data of hand and foot bones were collected, and the 3D printing model was used to simulate the operation in vitro. During the operation, the first dorsal metatarsal artery-the 2nd dorsal metatarsal artery was used as the pedicle, and the 2nd metatarsophalangeal joint composite tissue flap with a required size was harvested with the assistance of the navigation template to tranfer and repair the small joint defects of hand. All 7 cases entered follow-up at outpatient and telephone. Results:All 7 cases survived. Postoperative follow-up was 3-24(mean 9.5) months, Range of motion of the repaired interphalangeal joint was (56 ± 6)°; According to the Evaluation Standard of Thumb and Finger Reconstruction Function of the Society of Hand Surgery of the Chinese Medical Association, 2 cases were excellent, 4 cases were good, and 1 case was poor.Conclusion:Transfer of the free 2nd metatarsophalangeal joint tissue flap assisted by 3D printing technology in repair of the small joint defect of the hand can accurately harvest the tissue flap, which is clinically reliable.

13.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 521-526, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995408

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinicopathological features of de novo early colorectal cancer and to evaluate the efficacy of endoscopic treatment.Methods:Patients with de novo early colorectal cancer who underwent endoscopic resection in Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from June 2020 to May 2022 were enrolled. The baseline data, endoscopic manifestations, treatment methods, postoperative pathological results and prognosis of the patients were collected retrospectively.Results:A total of 33 patients with de novo early colorectal cancer were enrolled with the age of 62.67 ± 8.62 years, and the male to female ratio was 7.25∶1. The long diameter of lesions was 0.96 ± 0.36 cm. The lesion morphology was mainly superficial phenotype (type 0-Ⅱ), accounting for 72.7% (24/33). Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) was performed in 29 cases and endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) was performed in 4 cases. Postoperative pathology showed that 11 cases (33.3%) were well differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma, of which the superficial submucosal layer was invaded in 2 cases. Twenty cases (60.6%) were moderately differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma, of which the superficial submucosa layer was invaded in 5 cases and the deep submucosa layer in 15 cases. Two cases (6.1%) were moderately-poorly differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma, where the deep submucosa layer was invaded in both. There was significant correlation between the depth of invasion and the degree of differentiation ( P<0.001), and moderately and moderately-poorly differentiated lesions were more likely to invade the deep submucosa layer. The en bloc resection rate was 100.0% (33/33), the complete resection rate was 97.0% (32/33), and the curative resection rate was 42.4% (14/33). Among the 19 patients who did not achieve curative resection, 13 patients received supplementary surgical treatment. No tumor residue or lymph node metastasis was found in the postoperative pathology. All patients were followed up for 3-25 months, and no signs of local recurrence or metastasis were found. Conclusion:Most de novo early colorectal cancers are superficial phenotype under endoscopy. The pathology is mainly moderately differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma. Endoscopic resection of de novo early colorectal cancer shows encouraging short-term efficacy.

14.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 473-478, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995004

ABSTRACT

Pediatric idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS) is characterized by massive albuminuria, hypoproteinemia, edema and hyperlipidemia, with a long course and high probability of relapse and prolongation. Long-term complications caused by long-term usage of hormones and immunosuppressants in children with INS seriously affect their physical and mental health and quality of life. Most children with steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome can be cured before adulthood, while some of them relapse in adulthood. Long-term prognosis of children with steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome is poor. There have been few studies in China followed the long-term outcomes and its related factors of children with INS over 10 years. The paper reviewed the literatures on the long-term outcomes of children with INS, including renal survival, growth, mental health, learning and work, marriage and fertility, disease recurrence and long-term related complications, to explore the factors related to the poor long-term outcomes of children with INS and to assist in clinical decision-making and follow-up management.

15.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 480-485, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994732

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the long-term follow-up results and the risk factors of bleeding among very elderly patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF).Methods:A total of 177 patients with NVAF admitted in Beijing Hospital from January 2016 to July 2016 were enrolled in the study, including 107 very elderly patients (aged≥80 years) and 70 elderly patients (aged 65-80 years). The demographic information, comorbid diseases, lifestyles, antithrombotic therapy, thromboembolism risks, bleeding risks, and medical history were documented. Patients were followed up for 5 years and the events of death, thromboembolism, bleeding and major bleeding were recorded.Results:There was no significant difference in the incidence of thromboembolic events between the two groups (15.9%(17/107) vs. 14.3%(10/70), P>0.05). The proportions of bleeding events and severe bleeding events in the very elderly group were higher than those in the elderly group (45.8%(49/107) vs.10.0%(7/70), 14.0%(15/107) vs. 1.4%(1/70), both P<0.05). According to the bleeding events during follow-up, very elderly patients were divided into bleeding group ( n=49) and non-bleeding group ( n=58). Compared with the non-bleeding group, patients in the bleeding group had an older age, a higher proportion of chronic cardiac insufficiency, chronic kidney disease, malignant tumor, bleeding history and higher bleeding risk score (HAS-BLED score) (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression model analysis showed that age, HAS-BLED score, history of bleeding, and complicated malignant tumor were independent risk factors for bleeding events in very elderly patients with NVAF (all P<0.05). Conclusions:Very elderly patients with NVAF have a similar risk of thromboembolism compared with the younger elderly, but have significantly higher risk of the bleeding and major bleeding. Age, HAS-BLED score, bleeding history, and malignant tumor are independent risk factors for bleeding events in very elderly NVAF patients.

16.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 269-274, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994664

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors affecting the incidence of acute kidney injury(AKI)after liver transplantation(LT).Methods:From November 2019 to November 2022, clinical data were retrospectively reviewed for 105 recipients of classic orthotopic LT.There are 89 males and 16 females with an age range of(50.52±10.35)years.They are assigned into two groups of AKI(66 cases)and non-AKI(39 cases)according to the AKI diagnostic and staging criteria of Global Kidney Disease Prognosis Organization in 2012.General profiles and clinical data(e.g.previous medical history, MELD score, total bilirubin, albumin, serum creatinine level, coagulation function, anhepatic phase and time to surgery)of two groups of recipients are compared.The factors with statistically significant differences are included into multivariate Logistic regression analysis for obtaining independent risk factors for early AKI post-LT.Results:Among them, 66 patients developed AKI within 7 days post-operation with an incidence rate of 62.86%(66/105).The clinical stages of AKI are Ⅰ(46 cases, 69.70%), Ⅱ(10 cases, 15.15%)and Ⅲ(10 cases, 15.15%).Statistically significant inter-group differences exists in age, abdominal surgery history, preoperative serum level of creatinine, operative duration, anhepatic phase and intraoperative plasma transfusion(all P<0.05).Multivariate Logistic regression analysis indicated that abdominal surgery history( OR=5.803, 95% CI: 1.008~33.401, P=0.049), anhepatic phase( OR=1.054, 95% CI: 1.008~1.101, P=0.020)and preoperative serum level of creatinine( OR=0.968, 95% CI: 0.943~0.994, P=0.016)are independent risk factors for early AKI after classical orthotopic LT recipients. Conclusions:Abdominal surgery history, anhepatic phase, and preoperative serum level of creatinine are independent risk factors for early AKI in classic orthotopic LT recipients.

17.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 540-544, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994510

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate imaging characteristics of papulopustular rosacea (PPR) by high-frequency ultrasound combined with color Doppler flow imaging.Methods:From August 2021 to August 2022, 30 patients with PPR were enrolled from the Department of Dermatology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Baotou Medical College in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, and 30 healthy volunteers served as controls. The 22-MHz high-frequency ultrasound combined with color Doppler blood flow imaging was performed to measure the skin thickness, echo and blood flow parameters at the cheek, and the ultrasound results were compared between the two groups. Comparisons between groups were conducted by using t test or chi-square test. The diagnostic value was analyzed using the area under the curve (AUC) in the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results:In the case group, there were 12 males and 18 females, and their ages ranged from 22 to 65 years (42.3 ± 12.8 years) ; in the control group, there were 10 males and 20 females, and their ages ranged from 24 to 62 years (41.0 ± 8.4 years) . The epidermal and dermal thicknesses at the cheek were significantly higher in the case group (132.64 ± 12.29 μm, 1 812.29 ± 85.52 μm, respectively) than in the control group (104.34 ± 14.45 μm, 1 671.77 ± 146.55 μm, respectively, both P < 0.05) . High-frequency ultrasound images showed that the case group was mainly characterized by irregular hypoechoic areas in the cheek dermis (80%) , while banded moderately echoic areas were common in the cheek dermis in the control group (90%) ; subepidermal low-echogenic bands and dermal irregular hypoechoic areas were more likely to appear in the case group than in the control group (93.33% vs. 43.33%, 80% vs. 10%, respectively, both P < 0.001) . Compared with the control group, the case group showed a significantly increased proportion of patients with abundant blood flow signals (93.3% vs. 10%, P < 0.05) , and significantly increased blood vessel diameters (1.60 ± 0.42 mm vs. 0.95 ± 0.32 mm, P < 0.05) ; there was no significant difference in peak systolic blood flow velocity and vascular resistance index between the two groups (both P > 0.05) . The AUC of high-frequency ultrasound combined with color Doppler flow imaging quantitative parameters (including epidermal thicknesses, dermal thicknesses, and blood vessel diameters) was 0.989 (95% CI: 0.970 - 1.000) for the diagnosis of PPR, and the sensitivity and specificity were both 96.7%, which were higher than those of single parameter-based diagnostic model. Conclusion:High-frequency ultrasound combined with color Doppler flow imaging can help improve the accuracy of the diagnosis of PPR, by accurately and non-invasively measuring skin thickness and blood flow parameters.

18.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 1-4, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994433

ABSTRACT

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a highly heterogeneous skin disease with various clinical manifestations. Early studies mainly focused on infant-onset AD, which is characterized by typical skin lesions such as eczematous dermatitis on the flexor sites accompanied by genetic predisposition to other allergic diseases; however, atypical manifestations and distributions of skin lesions are common among adult AD and elderly AD, e.g., distribution mainly on the extensor sites and polymorphic rashes such as prurigo nodularis. Many dermatologists are not familiar with atypical manifestations of AD, including atypical manifestations and distributions of skin lesions as well as atypical age at onset, which decreases the diagnostic rate of AD to a certain extent. This article delineates clinical features of AD with typical and atypical manifestations, in order to promote the understanding of AD among Chinese dermatologists.

19.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 467-472, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994347

ABSTRACT

Objective:Both type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes are associated with abnormal bone metabolism, but they have different pathogenic mechanisms. Sclerostin(SOST), Dickkopf-related protein 1(DKK-1), and irisin are newly discovered factors involved in the regulation of bone metabolism. This study aims to compare the differences in serum levels of SOST, DKK-1, and irisin between patients with type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes.Methods:This cross-sectional study included 101 patients with type 1 diabetes who visited the Endocrinology Department of Peking Union Medical College Hospital from 2017 to 2019, as well as 55 patients with type 2 diabetes and 59 individuals with normal glucose tolerance who were confirmed through an oral glucose tolerance test as part of the Beijing Changping Community Type 2 Diabetes Management Program from 2014 to 2015. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was used to measure the levels of SOST, DKK-1, and irisin.Results:There were more female participants than male participants, with an average age of 49 years. The group with type 1 diabetes had a longer duration of illness( P<0.001) and higher HbA 1C levels( P<0.001) compared to the group with type 2 diabetes, and there was no statistical difference in age between the two groups. Both the type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes groups had lower levels of serum procollagen type 1 N-terminal propeptide(P1NP) compared to the control group [(8 579±400)pg/mL, (7 268±552)pg/mL vs(10 051±618)pg/mL, P=0.039, P=0.001]; But the β isomer of C-terminal cross-linking telopeptide of type 1 collagen(β-CTX) showed no statistical difference compared to the control group. Patients with type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes had higher SOST than controls [(129.7±6.8)pg/mL, (104.8±6.8)pg/mL vs(85.9±5.3)pg/mL, P<0.001, P=0.030], the differences between the type 1 diabetes group and the control group lost statistical significance after adjusting for factors such as fasting blood glucose and lipid levels. There was no significant difference in SOST between type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes groups. There was no significant difference in DKK-1 among three groups, but DKK-1 in type 1 diabetes group was lower or tended to be lower than that in type 2 diabetes group. Serum irisin in patients with type 1 diabetes was higher than that in controls and patients with type 2 diabetes[(16.6±0.7)ng/mL vs (9.6±0.6)ng/mL, (9.8±0.6)ng/mL, both P<0.001], but there was no significant difference in irisin level between type 2 diabetes and controls. Conclusions:Patients with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes showed inhibition of the bone formation marker P1NP, while the bone resorption marker β-CTX did not significantly change. SOST levels were elevated or showed an increasing trend in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes patients, which may be related to the inhibition of bone formation. Additionally, type 1 diabetes patients had increased levels of irisin, which may be involved in abnormal bone turnover.

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Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 98-103, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994158

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of pre-injection of young rat plasma on cognitive dysfunction after cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) in aged rats and the role of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/serine threonine protein kinase (PI3K/Akt) signaling pathway.Methods:Seventy-two SPF-grade healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 18 months, weighing 600-650 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=18 each) by the random number table method: control group (group C), cerebral I/R group (group IR), pre-injection of young rat plasma group (group P) and PI3K inhibitor LY294002 group (group LY). In group P and group LY, young rat plasma 100 μl/time was injected via the tail vein. In group C and group IR, the equal volume of normal saline was injected via the the tail vein, 2 times a week for 4 weeks. Then the model of cerebral I/R injury was developed under sevoflurane anesthesia in IR, P and LY groups. LY294002 0.3 mg/kg was injected through the tail vein at 1 h before anesthesia in LY group. The neurological deficit score (Longa score) was performed at 24 h after reperfusion, and then 6 rats were randomly sacrificed, and brain tissues were obtained to determine the cerebral infarct volume. Spontaneous mobility and anxiety-like behavior were assessed by the open field test at day 29 of reperfusion, and cognitive function was assessed by the novel object recognition test at day 30 of reperfusion. At the end of the behavioral test, rats were sacrificed, hippocampal tissues were isolated for determination of the expression of phosphorylated PI3K (p-PI3K), phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt), postsynaptic dense protein-95 (PSD-95) and synaptic vesicle protein (SYN) (by Western blot), and the dendritic length and dendritic spine density of neurons in the hippocampal CA1 region. Results:There was no significant difference in motor speed, distance traveled, and time of staying at the center of the open field among the four groups ( P>0.05). Compared with group C, the Longa score and cerebral infarct volume were significantly increased, the percentage of novel object exploration and discrimination index were decreased, the expression of p-PI3K, p-Akt, PSD-95 and SYN in hippocampal tissues was down-regulated, and the dendritic length and dendritic spine density of hippocampal neurons were decreased in IR, P and LY groups ( P<0.05). Compared with group IR, Longa score and cerebral infarct volume were significantly decreased, the percentage of novel object exploration and discrimination index were increased, the expression of p-PI3K, p-Akt, PSD-95 and SYN in hippocampal tissues was up-regulated, and the dendritic length and dendritic spine density of hippocampal neurons were increased in group P ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above in group LY ( P>0.05). Compared with group P, Longa score and cerebral infarct volume were significantly increased, the percentage of novel object exploration and discrimination index were decreased, the expression of p-PI3K, p-Akt, PSD-95 and SYN in hippocampal tissues was down-regulated, and the dendritic length and dendritic spine density of hippocampal neurons were decreased in group LY ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Pre-injection of young rat plasma can attenuate cognitive dysfunction after cerebral I/R in aged rats, and the mechanism is related to activation of hippocampal PI3K/Akt signaling pathway and improvement in synaptic plasticity.

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