Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 629
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999161

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo screen out the transcriptomes related to the intervention of Wuzi Yanzongwan on the spermatogenic function of semi-castrated male mice, and to explore its potential mechanism in the intervention of the progress of low spermatogenic function. MethodBalb/c mice were randomly divided into sham-operated group, model group, testosterone propionate group(0.2 mg·kg-1·d-1, intramuscular injection) and Wuzi Yanzongwan group(1.56 g·kg-1·d-1, intragastric administration) according to body weight, with 12 mice in each group. The right testicle and epididymis were extracted from the model group and the drug administration group to construct the semi-castrated model of low spermatogenic function, while the fur and the right scrotum of the sham-operated group were only cut and immediately sterilized and sutured. At the end of the intervention, hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was used to observe the histopathology of testis, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was used to detect the levels of serum testosterone(T), luteinizing hormone(LH) and follicle stimulating hormone(FSH). The sperm count and motility of epididymis were measured by automatic sperm detector of small animal. Transcriptomic microarray technology was used to detect the mRNA expression level of testicular tissue in each group, the transcriptome of genes related to the regulation of Wuzi Yanzongwan was screened, and three mRNAs were selected for Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR) to verify the transcriptome data. Through the annotation analysis of Gene Ontology(GO) and the signaling pathway analysis of Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG), the related functions of drugs regulating transcriptome were analyzed. ResultCompared with the sham-operated group, the testicular tissue of mice in the model group showed spermatogenic injury, contraction and vacuolization of the seminiferous tubules, reduction of spermatogenic cells at all levels, widening of the interstitial space, obstruction of spermatogonial cell development and other morphological abnormalities, and serum T significantly decreased, LH significantly increased(P<0.01), and FSH elevated but no statistically significant difference, the count and vitality of epididymal sperm significantly decreased(P<0.01). There were 882 differentially expressed mRNAs in the testicular tissues, of which 565 were up-regulated and 317 were down-regulated. Cluster analysis showed that these differentially expressed mRNA could effectively distinguish between the sham-operated group and the model group. Compared with the model group, the damage to testicular tissue in the Wuzi Yanzongwan group was reduced, the structure of the seminiferous tubules was intact, vacuolization was reduced, and the number of spermatogenic cells at all levels was significantly increased and arranged tightly. The serum T significantly increased, LH significantly decreased(P<0.01), and FSH decreased but the difference was not statistically significant. The count and vitality of sperm in the epididymis were significantly increased(P<0.01). Moreover, Wuzi Yanzongwan could regulate 159 mRNA levels in the testes of semi-castrated mice, of which 32 were up-regulated and 127 were down-regulated, and the data of the transcriptome assay was verified to be reliable by Real-time PCR. GO and KEGG analysis showed that the transcriptome functions regulated by Wuzi Yanzongwan were involved in the whole cell cycle process of sperm development such as sex hormone production of interstitial cells in testis, renewal, differentiation, metabolism, apoptosis and signal transduction of spermatogenic cells, and were closely related to the biological behaviors of signaling pathways such as spermatogenic stem cell function, endoplasmic reticulum protein processing and metabolic program. ConclusionWuzi Yanzongwan can effectively improve the low spermatogenic function of semi-castrated male mice, and its mechanism may be related to the regulation of testicular transcriptional regulatory network, the synthesis of sex hormones in testicular interstitial cells, the function of spermatogenic stem cells, the whole cell cycle process of spermatogenesis, as well as the expression of endoplasmic reticulum protein processing and metabolic program related genes transcription.

2.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 333-337, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006085

ABSTRACT

Pediatric urinary incontinence (PUI) is common in clinical practice and seriously affects the quality of life as well as physical and mental health of patients. PUI is a multi-factorial related abnormality, very complex in etiology and types. The occurrence of PUI is mostly associated with abnormal vesicourethral function. Urodynamic examination (UDS) is the golden standard to assess voiding function and diagnose the type of bladder and urethral function in children with PUI. UDS of PUI is of great clinical value in determining the cause, making treatment protocol as well as evaluating the therapeutic response. However, UDS in children has not been popularized in China, which seriously affects the diagnosis and treatment of PUI. This article reviews the research progress in the clinical application of UDS in the evaluation of PUI, in order to provide reference for improving the diagnosis and treatment of this disease.

3.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 283-286, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006075

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the possibility of using voiding diary (VD) to predict desmopressin diacetate arginine vasopressin (DDAVP) and enuresis alarm (EA) in the treatment of primary monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (PMNE). 【Methods】 A total of 100 children (aged 6 to 14 years) with PMNE treated during Jan.2018 and Oct.2022 were involved. Bladder type was classified with two-week VD. Pseudo-randomization was performed using the Danish REDCap system to group patients into the randomized group and VD group. All patients were treated for 8 weeks. 【Results】 A total of 82 cases met the inclusive criteria. The effective rate was 82.50% (33/40) and 59.52% (25/42) in the VD and randomized groups, respectively, with significant difference (χ2=5.224, P=0.022). In the randomized group, if VD was not considered, the effective rate in the DDAVP and EA subgroups was 81.82% (18/22) and 25.00% (5/20), respectively, with significant difference (χ2=13.625, P=0.000). 【Conclusion】 VD can predict the therapeutic effects of PMNE. It is necessary to record VD for two weeks before selecting appropriate treatment methods. For patients who choose treatment without reference to VD, DDAVP shows better response than EA, but the recurrence rate after discontinuation of treatment requires further follow-up.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004893

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To observe the regulation of autonomic nerves in blood donors during blood donation by heart rate variability analysis and explore the possible mechanism of donation related vasovagal reaction. 【Methods】 Electrocardiogram (ECG) of 90 blood donors was monitored by Fontaine Ⅰlead during the whole process of blood donation, and the 5-min heart rate variation before, during and after blood donation was analyzed. 【Results】 During the whole process of blood donation, the sympathetic HRV index (LF nu) and the sympathetic and vagal balance ability index (LF/HF) increased, whereas the vagal nerve index (pNN50, RMSSD, HFnu) and heart rate variability index (SDNN, Total power) decreased. For baseline heart rate variability of different blood donors (first-time vs. repeated, male vs. female, 18-24 years old vs. ≥25 years old, <400 mL vs. 400 mL) before blood donation, the pNN50, RMSSD and Total power of 18-24 years old blood donors were higher, but other indicators showed no significant difference. There were differences in HRV indexes of different types of blood donors during blood donation compared with before blood donation. The decrease of pNN50 and HFnu and the increase of LF/HF were larger in experienced blood donors than in first-time blood donors. The decrease of RMSSD was larger in male blood donors than in female blood donors; the change of LF/HF was larger in blood donors aged≥25 years than in blood donors aged 18-24 years; other indicators had no significant difference. 【Conclusion】 Blood donation leads to reflex readjustment of the cardiac autonomic tone: the sympathetic nerve is excited while the vagal nerve is suppressed. The cardiac autonomic nerve function of first-time blood donors, female donors and low-age (18-24 years old) donors to blood donation stress is not fully regulated. Donation related vasovagal reaction may be related to the autonomic nerve regulation function of blood donors.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004847

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the prediction of clinical red blood cells (RBCs) consumption under major public health emergencies, so as to provide scientific basis for blood collection and blood inventory management. 【Methods】 The clinical consumption of different types of RBCs in Yichang from 2001 to 2017 was analyzed and modeled using the recurrent neural network (RNN) model, and the clinical RBCs consumption between January 2019 and December 2021(36 months) were scientifically predicted. 【Results】 The RNN model showed good prediction performance. The root mean square errors (RMSE) of RNN prediction values of A, B, O, AB type of RBCs were 156.7, 133.4, 204.2 and 51.3, respectively, with the average relative errors (MRE) at 6.4%, 6.6%, 8.5% and 7.1%, respectively. The model predicted the changing trend of RBCs consumption during the first round of COVID-19 outbreak (January to June, 2020) and forecasted the lowest level of consumption in February 2020 and a subsequent recovery in growth. The prediction of RBCs consumption during the second round of COVID-19 pandemic (January to June, 2021) was of high accuracy. For example, the relative errors of RNN models for A type RBCs consumption were 5.2% in Feb 2021 (the lowest level, 1 621.5 U) and 2.5% in May 2021 (the highest level, 2 397.0 U). 【Conclusion】 The artificial intelligence RNN model can predict clinical RBCs consumption well under major public health emergencies.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004778

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the effect of online and offline collaborative and integrated mode (Internet + blood donation souvenirs), and develop diversified scientific ways of caring for voluntary blood donors in combination with the potential expectation of the target population, ao as to recruit and retain more blood donors. 【Methods】 A total of 4 000 blood donors from Yichang Central Blood Station from January 1 to June 30, 2022 were selected, and they could collect souvenirs from online and offline. The intelligent platform V9.5 of modern blood station management information system of Qiao Technology was used to classify the data of online and offline souvenir distribution, and digital intelligent comparison and analysis on age, occupation, education, type (first-time blood donors or repeat blood donors), region (main urban districts of Yichang and other counties and suburban districts) and gender were carried out. 【Results】 A total of 1 400 blood donors chose online souvenirs, who were mainly under 25 years old, students, female, college education or above, urban areas and regular donors; 2 600 chose offline souvenirs, who were mainly over 25 years old, male, junior college degree or below, occupations other than students (medical workers, educators, etc.), counties and suburban districts, and first-time blood donors. The collaborative and integrated mode of the two distribution methods were complementary and had a good incentive effect on blood donor recruitment. 【Conclusion】 The online and offline collaborative and integrated mode demonstrates a good effect and meets the needs of different population. Digital intelligence system is helpful to develop diversified and scientific ways of caring for voluntary blood donors, recruit and retain more blood donors, achieve high-quality development of blood collection and supply, therefore guarantee the increasing demand for clinical blood use.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003479

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the changes of the usage of oil, salt, sugar and nutritional knowledge and behavior intervention among diners before and after the establishment of healthy canteens and restaurants in Shanghai. MethodsA comprehensive intervention was conducted through the establishment of healthy canteens and restaurants, encompassing interventions such as oil, salt, and sugar management, improvement of nutritional environment, staffing and training activities, and nutrition labeling guidance. A pre-post self-controlled study design was used to compare changes in oil, salt and sugar usage, as well as diners’ knowledge and behaviors related to nutrition and nutrition labeling, before and after the intervention. ResultsAfter intervention, the total usage of oil, salt, and sugar per meal in the canteens and restaurants decreased by 18.33%, 14.83%, and 13.66%, respectively,and all had statistically significance differences(P<0.001). The awareness rate of "cooking oil intake", "salt intake", and "added sugar intake" among diners increased from 24.07% to 38.04%, 58.52% to 71.28%, and 26.85% to 45.01%, respectively. The awareness rate of "daily food types" and "weekly food types" increased from 43.07% to 56.53% and 49.52% to 64.32%, with significant differences (P<0.001). The rate of understanding the content of nutrition labels increased from 66.91% to 76.90%, the awareness rate of nutrition labels increased from 53.59% to 69.06%, the rate of active reading of nutrition labels among diners increased from 73.38% to 81.23%, and the rate of selecting and purchasing food based on the information of nutrition labels increased from 69.27% to 77.79%, all of which were statistically significant (P<0.001). ConclusionThe comprehensive interventions carried out through the creation of healthy canteens and restaurants have significantly impact on usage of oil, salt, and sugar, as well as on the nutritional knowledge and behaviors of diners.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988737

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveAt the end of November 2022, Guangzhou implemented the latest Covid-19 epidemic prevention policy and began to gradually lift the lockdown. However, under the new epidemic prevention situation, the situation of SARS-CoV-2 infection in hospitalized patients in China is still unclear. Accordingly, this paper aims to study the SARS-CoV-2 infection of hospitalized patients in Guangzhou under the new epidemic prevention and control situation. MethodsThe results of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid tests in our hospital from the end of November 2022 to the beginning of February 2023 were retrospectively analyzed. The positive rate of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid tests in outpatients and inpatients under the new epidemic prevention situation, and the nosocomial infection of SARS-CoV-2 in inpatients were statistically analyzed. ResultsThis study retrospectively analyzed the SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid test results of 13 959 patients, including 6 966 outpatients and 6 993 inpatients. On November 30, 2022, the SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid test results of outpatients began to be positive, indicating that the outbreak of the SARS-CoV-2 infection had begun. On December 7, one case of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid test results of hospitalized patients was positive, and nosocomial infections began to break out. On December 15, the positive rate of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid test among patients exceeded 40 %, and the epidemic entered its peak period. After the end of December, the test positive rate gradually decreased, but the positive rate of inpatients was always higher than that of outpatients. Compared with December 2022, the positive rate of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid test of patients in many departments in January 2023 decreased, but the positive rate of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid test of inpatients in the oncology department increased significantly (P < 0.001). Further analysis found that the nosocomial infection rate of SARS-CoV-2 in inpatients was 86.57 % (329/380). However, the nosocomial infection rate in lymphoma patients [58.33 % (14/24)] was significantly lower than that of the hospitalized patients with other disease types (P < 0.001). ConclusionThe positive rate of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid testing among patients reached its peak in mid-December 2022. In January 2023, the positive rate of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid testing gradually decreased, while the number or positive rate of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid testing positive patients in some departments increased. The nosocomial infection rate among hospitalized patients is as high as 90 %. There are differences in the nosocomial infection rate of SARS-CoV-2 among inpatients with different disease types. In summary, this study provides preliminary data on the epidemiological characteristics of SARS-CoV-2 infection among hospitalized patients in Guangzhou, as well as the protection against infection among hospitalized patients and cross-infection between medical staffs and patients.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009185

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the feasibility of S2 alar iliac screw insertion in Chinese children using computerized three-dimension reconstruction and simulated screw placement technique, and to optimize the measurement of screw parameters.@*METHODS@#A total of 83 pelvic CT data of children who underwent pelvic CT scan December 2018 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, excluding fractures, deformities, and tumors. There were 44 boys and 39 girls, with an average age of (10.66±3.52) years, and were divided into 4 groups based on age (group A:5 to 7 years old;group B:8 to 10 years old;group C:11-13 years old;group D:14 to 16 years old). The original CT data obtained were imported into Mimics software, and the bony structure of the pelvis was reconstructed, and the maximum and minimum cranial angles of the screws were simulated in the three-dimensional view with the placement of 6.5 mm diameter S2 alar iliac screws. Subsequently, the coronal angle, sagittal angle, transverse angle, total length of the screw, length of the screw in the sacrum, width of the iliac, and distance of the entry point from the skin were measured in 3-Matic software at the maximum and minimum head tilt angles, respectively. The differences among the screw parameters of S2 alar iliac screws in children of different ages and the differences between gender and side were compared and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#In all 83 children, 6.5 mm diameter S2 iliac screws could be placed. There was no significant difference between the side of each screw placement parameter. The 5 to 7 years old children had a significantly smaller screw coronal angle than other age groups, but in the screw sagittal angle, the difference was more mixed. The 5 to 7 years old children could obtain a larger angle at the maximum head tilt angle of the screw, but at the minimum cranial angle, the larger angle was obtained in the age group of 11 to 13 years old. There were no significant differences among the age groups. The coronal angle and sagittal angle under maximum cephalic angle and minimum cranial angle of 5 to 7 years old male were (40.91±2.91)° and (51.85±3.75)° respectively, which were significantly greater than in female. The coronal angle under minimum cranial angle was significantly greater in girls aged 8-10 years old than in boys. For the remaining screw placement angle parameters, there were no significant differences between gender. The differences in the minimum iliac width, the screw length, and the length of the sacral screws showed an increasing trend with age in all age groups. The distance from the screw entry point to the skin in boys were significantly smaller than that of girls. The minimum width of the iliac in boys at 14 to 16 years of age were significantly wider than that in girls at the same stage. In contrast, in girls aged 5 to 7 years and 11 to 13 years, the screw length was significantly longer than that of boys at the same stage.@*CONCLUSION@#The pelvis of children aged 5 to 16 years can safely accommodate the placement of 6.5 mm diameter S2 alar iliac screws, but the bony structures of the pelvis are developing and growing in children, precise assessment is needed to plan a reasonable screw trajectory and select the appropriate screw length.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Child, Preschool , Ilium/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Feasibility Studies , Bone Screws , Pelvis , Sacrum/surgery , Spinal Fusion/methods
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979190

ABSTRACT

Background Children and adolescents drink sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) frequently. Research has confirmed that SSBs associate with weight gain and overweight or obesity. However, it is unclear whether high SSBs intake associates with abnormal changes in physical growth and glucolipid metabolism before causing adverse health outcomes such as overweight and obesity. Early identification of associated health risks of overconsumption of SSBs have important public health implications. Objective To investigate the differences in physical growth and glucolipid metabolism between different SSBs intake frequency groups in normal weight children and adolescents aged 6-17 years, and to evaluate the early effects of SSBs intake on physical growth and glycolipid metabolism before causing overweight and obesity, aiming to provide a scientific basis for the prevention and control of childhood overweight and obesity and related chronic diseases, and for the formulation of policies on the control of SSBs consumption. Methods Data were from the Shanghai Diet and Health Survey (SDHS) among primary and secondary school students. The participants were normal weight children and adolescents aged 6-17 years. Propensity scores were calculated according to energy intake and physical activity factors, after stratifying by age and gender. Participants were 1:1 matched with the closest propensity scores in the high-frequency (≥1 time·d−1) and the low-frequency (≤1 time·week−1) SSBs intake groups. The outcome indicators were physical measurements such as height, weight, percent of body fat, and waist circumference, and metabolic indicators such as fasting blood glucose, total triglycerides, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Food frequency questionnaire was used to collect SSBs consumption in the past three months through face-to-face interview. A paired t-test was used to compare the differences in physical and glycolipid metabolic indicators between the high-frequency intake group and the low-frequency intake group of SSBs. Results A total of 431 pairs were obtained. For children and adolescents in grades 6-9, overall height (difference=2.92 cm, P=0.002), weight (difference=2.53 kg, P=0.003), and waist circumference (difference=1.34 cm, P=0.035) were higher in those who consumed SSBs ≥1 time·d−1 than in those who consumed ≤1 time·week−1. For children and adolescents in grades 10-12, overall weight (difference=2.27 kg, P=0.041) was higher in those who consumed SSBs ≥1 time·d−1 than in those who consumed ≤1 time·week−1. Over 95% of the study subjects reported blood glucose and lipid test results within the normal range; but girls in grades 1-5 who consumed SSBs ≥1 time·d−1 had a higher total cholesterol (difference=0.20 mmol·L−1, P=0.027) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (difference=0.19 mmol·L−1, P=0.010) than those who consumed ≤1 time·week−1; boys in grades 6-9 who consumed SSBs ≥1 time·d−1 had a lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (difference=-0.10 mmol·L−1, P=0.039) than those who consumed ≤1 time·week−1. Conclusion High-frequency intake of SSBs may be associated with higher total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in normal weight children and adolescents in grades 1-5, and higher weight in normal weight children and adolescents in grades 6-12. There is an urgent need to educate children and adolescents about nutritional health, enhance their ability to make healthy food and beverage choices, and take early interventions to control the intake of SSBs in children.

11.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 68-74, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971628

ABSTRACT

Most information used to evaluate diabetic statuses is collected at a special time-point, such as taking fasting plasma glucose test and providing a limited view of individual's health and disease risk. As a new parameter for continuously evaluating personal clinical statuses, the newly developed technique "continuous glucose monitoring" (CGM) can characterize glucose dynamics. By calculating the complexity of glucose time series index (CGI) with refined composite multi-scale entropy analysis of the CGM data, the study showed for the first time that the complexity of glucose time series in subjects decreased gradually from normal glucose tolerance to impaired glucose regulation and then to type 2 diabetes (P for trend < 0.01). Furthermore, CGI was significantly associated with various parameters such as insulin sensitivity/secretion (all P < 0.01), and multiple linear stepwise regression showed that the disposition index, which reflects β-cell function after adjusting for insulin sensitivity, was the only independent factor correlated with CGI (P < 0.01). Our findings indicate that the CGI derived from the CGM data may serve as a novel marker to evaluate glucose homeostasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Glucose , Blood Glucose , Insulin Resistance/physiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/diagnosis , Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring , Time Factors , Insulin
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971441

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the efficacy of the first-day suspension method for improving the success rate of construction of nasopharyngeal carcinoma-patient derived organoids (NPC-PDO). Methods: The tumor samples of 14 nasopharyngeal carcinoma(NPC) patients, i.e.,13 males and 1 female, with a mean age of 43.0±12.0 years old, were collected from the Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Guangxi Medical University and the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University from January 2022 to July 2022. The tumor samples of 3 patients were digested into single cell suspension and divided into 2 groups, for comparing the efficacy of NPC-PDO construction by the direct inoculation method and the first-day suspension method. The remaining 11 patients were randomized to receive either the direct inoculation method or the first-day suspension method for NPC-PDO construction. The diameter and the number of spheres of NPC-PDO constructed by the two methods were compared by optical microscope; the 3D cell viability detection kit was used to compare the cell viability; the survival rates were compared by trypan blue staining; the success rates of the two construction methods were compared; the number of cases which could be successfully passaged for more than 5 generations and were consistent with the original tissue by pathological examination was counted; and the dynamic changes of cells in suspension overnight were observed by live cell workstation. The independent sample t-test was applied to compare the measurement data of the two groups, and the chi-square test was used to compare the classification data. Results: Compared with the direct inoculation, the diameter and the number of spheres of NPC-PDO constructed by the first-day suspension method were increased, with a higher cell activity, and the success rate of construction was obviously improved (80.0% vs 16.7%, χ2=4.41, P<0.05). In the suspension state, some of the cells aggregated and increased their ability to proliferate. Conclusion: The first-day suspension method can improve the success rate of NPC-PDO construction, especially for those whose original tumor sample size is small.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma , China , Microscopy , Organoids , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms
13.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 470-476, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969930

ABSTRACT

Tuberculosis (TB) prophylactic therapy for latent infection, which can reduce the risk for the development of active TB, is an important measure in TB control. China recommends prophylactic therapy for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in some key populations to reduce the risk for TB. Contacts of patients with multi-drug and rifampicin-resistant TB (MDR/RR-TB) are at high risk for the infection with drug-resistant pathogen, however, no unified prophylactic therapy regimen has been recommended for LTBI due to exposure to MDR/RR-TB patients. This paper summarizes the current MDR/RR-TB prophylactic therapy regimen and its protection effect based on the results of the retrieval of literature, guidelines, expert consensus and technical specifications to provide reference for the prevention and control of LTBI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rifampin/therapeutic use , Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant/prevention & control , Tuberculosis/drug therapy , Latent Tuberculosis/chemically induced , China , Antitubercular Agents/therapeutic use
14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3121-3136, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982903

ABSTRACT

Cancer vaccines represent a promising immunotherapeutic treatment modality. The promotion of cross-presentation of extracellular tumor-associated antigens on the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules and dendritic cell maturation at the appropriate time and place is crucial for cancer vaccines to prime cytolytic T cell response with reduced side effects. Current vaccination strategies, however, are not able to achieve the spatiotemporal control of antigen cross-presentation. Here, we report a liposomal vaccine loading the second near-infrared window (NIR-II, 1000-1700 nm) fluorophore BPBBT with an efficient photothermal conversion effect that offers an NIR-light-triggered endolysosomal escape under the imaging guidance. The NIR-II image-guided vaccination strategy specifically controls the cytosolic delivery of antigens for cross-presentation in the draining lymph nodes (DLNs). Moreover, the photothermally induced endolysosomal rupture initiates autophagy. We also find that the adjuvant simvastatin acts as an autophagy activator through inhibiting the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway. The light-induced autophagy in the DLNs together with simvastatin treatment cooperatively increase MHC class II expression by activating autophagy machinery for dendritic cell maturation. This study presents a paradigm of NIR-II image-guided light-triggered vaccination. The approach for remote control of antigen cross-presentation and autophagy represents a new strategy for vaccine development.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985472

ABSTRACT

Chronic pruritus seriously affects the quality of life of patients, which is closely related to stress, anxiety and depression. Prolonged and repeated pruritus can induce negative emotions such as anxiety and depression, while continued increased negative emotions can also promote exacerbation of pruritus, which drives the itch scratch cycle, thereby further aggravating skin damage. More and more studies have explored the mechanism of pruritus, anxiety and depression. This article mainly reviews the clinical relationship between pruritus and anxiety, depression and the new progress of its possible mechanism, providing reference for the prevention, control and effective treatment of chronic pruritus, anxiety and depression.


Subject(s)
Humans , Depression , Quality of Life , Anxiety , Pruritus/psychology
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981804

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for four Chinese pedigrees affected with Waardenburg syndrome (WS).@*METHODS@#Four WS probands and their pedigree members who had presented at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University between July 2021 and March 2022 were selected as the study subjects. Proband 1, a 2-year-and-11-month female, had blurred speech for over 2 years. Proband 2, a 10-year-old female, had bilateral hearing loss for 8 years. Proband 3, a 28-year-old male, had right side hearing loss for over 10 years. Proband 4, a 2-year-old male, had left side hearing loss for one year. Clinical data of the four probands and their pedigree members were collected, and auxiliary examinations were carried out. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples and subjected to whole exome sequencing. Candidate variants were verified by Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#Proband 1, with profound bilateral sensorineural hearing loss, blue iris and dystopia canthorum, was found to have harbored a heterozygous c.667C>T (p.Arg223Ter) nonsense variant of the PAX3 gene, which was inherited from her father. Based on the guidelines from the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG), the variant was classified as pathogenic (PVS1+PM2_Supporting+PP4), and the proband was diagnosed with WS type I. Proband 2, with moderate sensorineural hearing loss on the right side and severe sensorineural hearing loss on the left side, has harbored a heterozygous frameshifting c.1018_1022del (p.Val340SerfsTer60) variant of the SOX10 gene. Neither of her parents has harbored the same variant. Based on the ACMG guidelines, it was classified as pathogenic (PVS1+PM2_Supporting+PP4+PM6), and the proband was diagnosed with WS type II. Proband 3, with profound sensorineural hearing loss on the right side, has harbored a heterozygous c.23delC (p.Ser8TrpfsTer5) frameshifting variant of the SOX10 gene. Based on the ACMG guidelines, it was classified as pathogenic (PVS1+PM2_Supporting+PP4), and the proband was diagnosed with WS type II. Proband 4, with profound sensorineural hearing loss on the left side, has harbored a heterozygous c.7G>T (p.Glu3Ter) nonsense variant of the MITF gene which was inherited from his mother. Based on the ACMG guidelines, the variant was classified as pathogenic (PVS1+PM2_Supporting+PP4), and the proband was diagnosed with WS type II.@*CONCLUSION@#By genetic testing, the four probands were all diagnosed with WS. Above finding has facilitated molecular diagnosis and genetic counseling for their pedigrees.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Deafness , East Asian People , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural/genetics , Mutation , Pedigree , Phenotype , Waardenburg Syndrome/diagnosis
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981631

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To testify the spatial relationship between the subscapularis muscle splitting window and the axillary nerve in modified arthroscopic Latarjet procedure, which could provide anatomical basis for the modification of the subscapularis muscle splitting.@*METHODS@#A total of 29 adult cadaveric shoulder specimens were dissected layer by layer, and the axillary nerve was finally confirmed to walk on the front surface of the subscapularis muscle. Keeping the shoulder joint in a neutral position, the Kirschner wire was passed through the subscapularis muscle from back to front at the 4 : 00 position of the right glenoid circle (7 : 00 position of the left glenoid circle), and the anterior exit point (point A, the point of splitting subscapularis muscle during Latarjet procedure) was recorded. The vertical and horizontal distances between point A and the axillary nerve were measured respectively.@*RESULTS@#In the neutral position of the shoulder joint, the distance between the point A and the axillary nerve was 27.37 (19.80, 34.55) mm in the horizontal plane and 16.67 (12.85, 20.35) mm in the vertical plane.@*CONCLUSION@#In the neutral position of the shoulder joint, the possibility of axillary nerve injury will be relatively reduced when radiofrequency is taken from the 4 : 00 position of the right glenoid (7 : 00 position of the left glenoid circle), passing through the subscapularis muscle posteriorly and anteriorly and splitting outward.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Shoulder , Rotator Cuff/surgery , Arthroscopy/methods , Scapula/surgery , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Cadaver , Joint Instability/surgery
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009909

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the role and mechanism of circRNA-SR-related CTD associated factor 8 (SCAF8) in regulating endothelial cell pyroptosis in high glucose environment.@*METHODS@#Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were cultured and divided into six groups. The normal control group and high glucose control group were cultured in cell culture medium with 5 and 33 mmol/L glucose, respectively. The RNA control group, circRNA-SCAF8 inhibition group, miR-93-5p overexpression group and miR-93-5p inhibition group were added with non-functional siRNA, circRNA-SCAF8 inhibitor, miR-93-5p overexpression molecule and miR-93-5p inhibitor in high glucose environment, respectively. Cell viability and pyroptosis were detected by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, flow cytometry and Hoechst 33342/propidium iodide fluorescence double staining. Western blotting and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were used to detect the expression of pyroptosis-related factors including apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a CARD (ASC), cysteine aspartic acid specific protease-1 (caspase-1) and Gasdermin D (GSDMD), NOD like receptor protein 3 (NLRP-3), thioredoxin interacting proteins (TXNIP), IL-18 and IL-1β. The expression of circRNA-SCAF8, miR-93-5p and TXNIP was detected by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was used to locate circRNA-SCAF8 and miR-93-5p. Dual luciferase assay was used to verify the targeted regulatory relationship between miR-93-5p and upstream and downstream molecules.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the RNA control group, the cell survival rate of circRNA-SCAF8 inhibition group and miR-93-5p overexpression group increased (both P<0.01), the pyroptosis decreased (both P<0.01), and the expressions of pyroptosis-related factors such as TXNIP, NLRP-3, caspase-1, GSDMD, ASC, IL-18 and IL-1β were significantly decreased (all P<0.05). The expression of miR-93-5p was significantly increased after inhibition of circRNA-SCAF8 (P<0.01), and the expression of circRNA-SCAF8 tended to decrease after overexpression of miR-93-5p, but with no statistical significance (P>0.05). Dual luciferase assay showed that miR-93-5p downre-gulated circRNA-SCAF8 expression by binding to the 3 ´ UTR region of circRNA-SCAF8, and miR-93-5p downregulated TXNIP expression by binding to the 3 ´ UTR region of TXNIP. FISH showed that circRNA-SCAF8 and miR-93-5p were both located in the cytoplasm and were highly associated in the cells. qRT-PCR showed that the relative expression of TXNIP increased or decreased after overexpression or inhibition of miR-93-5p compared with the RNA control group, respectively (both P<0.05), suggesting that miR-93-5p could regulate TXNIP gene expression.@*CONCLUSIONS@#CircRNA-SCAF8/miR-93-5p/TXNIP axis is involved in the regulation of pyroptosis in HUVECs under high glucose.


Subject(s)
Humans , Factor VIII , RNA, Circular , Endothelial Cells , Interleukin-18 , Pyroptosis , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Caspase 1 , MicroRNAs/genetics , Carrier Proteins/genetics , RNA-Binding Proteins
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009868

ABSTRACT

The patient is a female infant, 4 months and 9 days old, who was admitted to the hospital due to recurrent fever, cough, and hepatomegaly for over a month. The patient was a healthy full-term infant with a normal birth history. At 2 months and 22 days after birth, she developed recurrent fever, cough, and respiratory distress. Chest imaging revealed diffuse bilateral lung lesions, and fiberoptic bronchoscopy showed interstitial changes in both lungs. These suggested the presence of interstitial lung disease. The patient also presented with hepatomegaly, anemia, hyperlipidemia, hypothyroidism, and malnutrition. Genetic testing indicated compound heterozygous variations in the MARS1 gene. This mutation can cause interstitial lung and liver disease, which is a severe rare disorder that typically manifests in infancy or early childhood. It is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner and characterized by early-onset respiratory insufficiency and liver disease in infants or young children. Since its first reported case in 2013, as of June 2023, only 38 related cases have been reported worldwide. This article reports the multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment of interstitial lung and liver disease in an infant caused by MARS1 gene mutation.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Cough , Hepatomegaly/pathology , Liver Diseases , Lung/pathology , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/pathology , Mutation
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991465

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of TRIZ theory in clinical teaching in orthopedic operating room.Methods:A total of 43 interns in the orthopedic operating room of our hospital from October 2019 to July 2020 were selected as control group, and 46 interns in the orthopedic operating room of our hospital from August 2020 to May 2021 were selected as observation group. The interns in the control group received traditional teaching, and those in the observation group received teaching based on TRIZ theory. The two groups were compared in terms of professional assessment results, self-evaluation, satisfaction score, and qualification of aseptic operation in orthopedic operating room. SPSS 22.0 was used to perform the t-test and the chi-square test. Results:Compared with the control group, the observation group had significantly higher theoretical knowledge score, practical skill score, and weighted total score ( t=14.90, 11.82, and 13.23, all P?0.001). Compared with the control group, the observation group also had significantly higher scores of analysis and problem-solving ability, clinical thinking, doctor-patient communication, psychological quality, clinical case analysis, self-study ability, and teaching satisfaction ( t=7.88, 11.78, 15.26, 7.94, 12.93, 9.83, and 13.22, all P?0.001). Compared with the control group, the observation group had significantly higher qualified rates of surgical hand-washing, wearing sterile surgical gowns, non-contact glove wearing; and bacteriological testing ( χ 2=4.22, 6.02, 4.92, and 7.59, P=0.040, 0.014, 0.027, and 0.006). Conclusion:TRIZ theory has a certain value in clinical teaching in orthopedic operating room and can significantly improve the scores of theoretical knowledge and practical skills, strengthen aseptic operation abilities in orthopedic operating room, and enhance the satisfaction with teaching among interns.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL