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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 424-431, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016645

ABSTRACT

Two methods including gas chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MS/MS) and high-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) were established to detect common alkyl sulfonates and aryl sulfonates genotoxic impurities. Four alkyl sulfonates and methyl benzenesulfonate were determined by GC-MS/MS using butyl methanesulfonate as the internal standard, the chromatographic column was HP-5MS UI (30 mm × 0.25 mm, 0.25 µm), the carrier gas was helium, the flow rate was 1.0 mL·min-1 in a constant flow mode, the sample inlet temperature was set to 250 ℃, the split ratio was 10∶1, and the initial temperature of the heating program was 80 ℃, maintained for 1 minute, and then increased to 240 ℃ at a heating rate of 30 ℃·min-1 for 2 minutes. The mass spectrometry detector was an electron bombardment ion source (EI source), the data collection condition was multi reaction monitoring mode (MRM), and method validation using the raw material of clinical drug citalopram hydrobromide as a sample. The results showed that the linear range of four alkyl sulfonates and methyl benzenesulfonate were good at 3-50 ng·mL-1 and 9-150 ng·mL-1, with a correlation coefficient of r > 0.999, The spiked recovery was 80%-120%. The detection limits were 1 and 3 ng·mL-1; Ten aryl sulfonates determined by LC-MS/MS, the chromatographic column was CSH Fluoro phenyl (100 mm × 2.1 mm, 1.7 µm), the mobile phase was methanol (B)-5 mmol·L-1 ammonium formate (D), with a flow rate of 0.2 mL·min-1, and gradient elution was performed. The gradient program (T/% B) was set as 0/20, 25/90, 35/90, 42/20. The mass spectrometer detector was electro spray ionization with positive ionization mode (ESI+), the data collection was in dynamic multi reaction monitoring mode (dMRM), and the method was validated using the raw material of the clinical drug citalopram hydrobromide as a sample. The results showed that the linear range of aryl sulfonates were good at 9-2 000 ng·mL-1, 3-100 ng·mL-1 and 0.9-30 ng·mL-1, respectively. The correlation coefficient r > 0.999, the spiked recovery was 80%-120%. The detection limits were 30, 1 and 0.3 ng·mL-1. Two detection methods did not detect potential sulfonate genotoxicity impurities in the above APIs. The established analytical methods are reliable and effective, which can provide reference for drug quality control and detection.

2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 686-690, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016578

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explore the synthesis of thermo-sensitive poly N-isopropylacry-lamide(PNIPAAm)and the petri dish grafted with PNIPAAm hydrogels by the electron accelerator, as well as the growth conditions and the biological characteristics of rabbit corneal stromal cells on thermo-sensitive PNIPAAm hydrogels, and the cell sheets obtained from the PNIPAAm hydrogels.METHODS: NIPAAm monomer was dissolved in 2-propanol at concentrations of 55% with 0.5% N,N'-Methylenebisacry-lamide(MBA). Solution(70 μL)was added and spread uniformly over 35 mm petri dish. These dishes were immediately subjected to irradiation. After follow-up treatment, rabbit corneal stromal cells were cultured on thermo-sensitive petri dish in vitro.RESULTS: According to the monomer formula and radiation synthesis scheme in this experiment, PNIPAAm can be synthesized on the surface of the petri dish. Rabbit corneal stromal cells grew well in the thermo- sensitive surface and can be separated into sheets.CONCLUSION: The single and multilayer carrier-free cell sheets can be obtained from the use of thermo-sensitive petri dish.

3.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 57-61, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016413

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the viral pathogen spectrum characteristics of acute intestinal infection in Hanzhong from 2019 to 2022. Methods Fecal samples from patients with acute intestinal infection in the outpatient clinic of 3201 Hospital from January 2019 to December 2022 were collected. Common enteroviruses such as enterovirus 71 (EV-A71), coxsackievirus 16 (CV-A16), CV-A10, CV-A6, CV-A2, CV-A4, and CV-B3 were detected and analyzed by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR. Results A total of 5 194 fecal samples were collected, and the positive rate of nucleic acid detection was 23.95%. In terms of the enteroviruses, the highest detection rate was 9.82% for EV-A71, followed by 4.58% for CV-A16 and 3.37% for CV-A6. The positive detection rate of common enteroviruses showed statistical difference among different age groups (P0.05). EV-A71 infection showed no seasonal characteristics, whereas the detection of CV-A16 and CV-A6 infections was concentrated in summer and autumn. There were 106 cases of mixed infection, and the prevalence rate was 2.04%, with EV-A71 and CV-A6 mixed infections accounting for the majority of cases. Conclusion The main pathogens of acute intestinal infections in the Hanzhong area from 2019 to 2022 are EV-A71, CV-A16, and CV-A6. It is necessary to strengthen the monitoring of acute intestinal infections in children aged 4 years and below.

4.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 263-272, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013625

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the dynamic time-course changes in neuronal cytoskeleton after acute ischemia and reperfusion in rats. Methods Reperfusion was performedin rats by blocking the middle cerebralarteryfor 90 min, then therats wereobserved and collected at different time points. The brain damage wasobserved by Nissl staining,and neurobehavioural function was evaluated with neurological deficit score and forelimb placement test. The cellular changes in the alternations of cytoskeletal elements including microtubule associated protein 2 (MAP2) and neurofilament heavy chain (NF-H) were observed by immunohistochemistry staining and Western blot. Impaired axons, dendrites and cytoskeletal alternations were detected by electron microscope. Results Brain damage and neurobehavioural function were gradually aggravated with the prolongation of reperfusion. Brain damage appeared earlier and more severe in striatum than in cortex. Moreover, decreased MAP2-related and increased NF-H-related immunoreactive intensities were found in the ischemic areas. Impaired cytoskeletal arrangement and reduced dense were indicated. Damaged cytoskeletal components such as microtubules and neurofilament arrangement, decreased axonal filament density, and swelled dendrites were observed after cerebral ischemia reperfusion by ultrastructural observations. Conclusions Different brain regions have diverse tolerance to ischemia-reperfusion injury. Major elements of neuronal cytoskeleton show dynamic responses to ischemia and reperfusion, which may further contribute to brain damage and neurological impairment following MCAO and reperfusion.

5.
International Eye Science ; (12): 618-622, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012832

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of high-intensity focused ultrasound cyclo plasty(UCP)in the treatment of glaucoma and to investigate related influencing factors.METHODS: The study involved a total of 110 patients(134 eyes)who received UCP treatment between January 2019 and January 2022 at three medical centers: Tianjin Eye Aier Eye Hospital, Chongqing Aier Eye Hospital, and Chongqing Nanping Aier Eye Hospital. Patients were classified into three categories: primary angle-closure glaucoma, primary open-angle glaucoma, and secondary glaucoma. Best corrected visual acuity, intraocular pressure, and the usage of anti-glaucoma medications, etc., were recorded at 6 and 12 mo postoperatively.RESULTS: After 6 months of the UCP procedure, statistically significant differences in intraocular pressure were observed across all groups(all P<0.05). At 12 mo postoperatively, intraocular pressure of the primary angle-closure and primary open-angle glaucoma groups showed differences(all P<0.05). Notably, there were no significant changes in visual acuity at either the 6 or 12 mo compared to preoperative values across all patient groups(all P>0.05). Furthermore, the study identified a statistically significant correlation between the changes in intraocular pressure at 6 mo and factors such as age, history of previous glaucoma surgery, baseline white-to-white(corneal diameter), and the extent of UCP treatment(all P<0.05).CONCLUSION: The UCP procedure has been demonstrated to effectively lower intraocular pressure in patients with glaucoma. The efficacy appears to be influenced by variables including patient age, previous glaucoma surgery history, baseline white-to-white(corneal diameter), and the scope of UCP treatment. Importantly, UCP treatment did not adversely affect visual acuity, underscoring its favorable safety profile.

6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 126-133, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012701

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the clinical efficacy of Gandou decoction in treating Wilson's disease (WD) with dampness heat accumulation accompanied by rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (RBD). MethodFrom April 2019 to August 2023,62 patients with dampness heat accumulation type WD accompanied by RBD who met the inclusion criteria were selected from the Department of Encephalopathy at the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui University of Chinese Medicine. They were randomly divided into a control group and an observation group with 31 cases each using a computer distributor. The control group received routine copper removal treatment,while the observation group received additional treatment with Gandou decoction on the basis of the control group. Eight days was one course of treatment,totaling three courses. The scores of traditional Chinese medicine syndromes,RBD screening questionnaire (RBDSQ) scores,RBD questionnaire-Hong Kong (RBDQ-HK) scores,polysomnography (PSG) parameters,24-hour urine copper (24 h U-Cu) levels,and non-ceruloplasmin-bound copper (NCC) levels between the two groups before and after treatment were compared,and adverse reactions were observed. ResultSixty trial cases were ultimately completed,with 30 cases in each group. Before treatment,there was no statistically significant difference in various indicators between the two groups, and thus they were comparable. Compared with those before treatment,the traditional Chinese medicine syndrome scores,RBDSQ scores and RBDQ-HK scores of the two groups were significantly reduced,the 24 h U-Cu levels were significantly increased,and the NCC levels were significantly reduced (P<0.05,P<0.01). Compared with the control group, the observation group showed better improvement in traditional Chinese medicine syndrome scores, RBDSQ scores, RBDQ-HK scores, and NCC levels (P<0.05,P<0.01). Compared with those before treatment,the total sleep time (TST),sleep efficiency (SE),sleep/REM latency,the proportion of N1/N2/REM stages,arousal index (ARI),and proportion of phasic electromyographic activity (P-EMG-A) were significantly improved in both groups (P<0.05). Compared with the control group after treatment,the observation group showed more significant improvements in the proportion of TST,SE,REM stages,ARI,and P-EMG-A proportion (P<0.05). ConclusionGandou decoction can not only improve the traditional Chinese medicine syndrome of WD patients with dampness heat accumulation accompanied by RBD but also alleviate their RBD symptoms.

7.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 395-400, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011317

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the protective effect and potential mechanism of cornuside on diabetic nephropathy (DN) model mice. METHODS Male KK-Ay mice were fed with high-fat and high-sugar diet for two weeks to reproduce the DN model. The successfully modeled mice were randomly grouped into model group, aminoguanidine group (positive control,100 mg/kg) and cornuside group (100 mg/kg), and male C57BL/6J mice were included as normal group, with 6 mice in each group. Administration groups were given relevant medicine intragastrically, and normal group and model group were given a constant volume of normal saline intragastrically, once a day, for 8 consecutive weeks. The levels of fasting blood glucose (FBG), 24 h urinary protein, serum interleukin-12 (IL-12), IL-10, blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine (Scr) were detected; the pathological injury, fibrotic change and glomerular microstructure of renal tissue were observed; the expressions of the receptor of advanced glycation end products (RAGE), collagen type Ⅳ (COL-Ⅳ) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in renal cortex were detected in each group. RESULTS Compared with normal group, the renal cortex of mice in model group showed obvious inflammatory cell infiltration and fibrotic changes; the mesangial hyperplasia of glomerulus was serious and the basement membrane had a large number of irregular dark dense deposits; the levels of FBG and 24 h urinary protein, the serum levels of IL- 12, BUN and Scr, and the expression levels of RAGE, COL-Ⅳ and iNOS in the renal cortex were significantly increased, while the serum level of IL-10 was significantly decreased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the renal pathological injuries, fibrotic changes and glomerular microstructure of mice in administration groups were improved significantly, and the above quantitative indexes were generally improved (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS Cornuside has a certain protective effect on DN model mice. It can inhibit the inflammatory response, reduce urinary protein excretion, and alleviate renal fibrosis, which may be related to the inhibition of the advanced glycation end products/RAGE signaling pathway.

8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 172-180, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007740

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Oral anti-coagulants (OAC) are the intervention for the prevention of stroke, which consistently improve clinical outcomes and survival among patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). The main purpose of this study is to identify problems in OAC utilization among hospitalized patients with AF in China.@*METHODS@#Using data from the Improving Care for Cardiovascular Disease in China-Atrial Fibrillation (CCC-AF) registry, guideline-recommended OAC use in eligible patients was assessed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 52,530 patients with non-valvular AF were enrolled from February 2015 to December 2019, of whom 38,203 were at a high risk of stroke, 9717 were at a moderate risk, and 4610 were at a low risk. On admission, only 20.0% (6075/30,420) of patients with a diagnosed AF and a high risk of stroke were taking OAC. The use of pre-hospital OAC on admission was associated with a lower risk of new-onset ischemic stroke/transient ischemic attack among the diagnosed AF population (adjusted odds ratio: 0.54, 95% confidence interval: 0.43-0.68; P  <0.001). At discharge, the prescription rate of OAC was 45.2% (16,757/37,087) in eligible patients with high stroke risk and 60.7% (2778/4578) in eligible patients with low stroke risk. OAC utilization in patients with high stroke risk on admission or at discharge both increased largely over time (all P  <0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that OAC utilization at discharge was positively associated with in-hospital rhythm control strategies, including catheter ablation (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 11.63, 95% confidence interval [CI] 10.04-13.47; P <0.001), electronic cardioversion (adjusted OR 2.41, 95% CI 1.65-3.51; P <0.001), and anti-arrhythmic drug use (adjusted OR 1.45, 95% CI 1.38-1.53; P <0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In hospitals participated in the CCC-AF project, >70% of AF patients were at a high risk of stroke. Although poor performance on guideline-recommended OAC use was found in this study, over time the CCC-AF project has made progress in stroke prevention in the Chinese AF population.Registration:ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02309398.


Subject(s)
Humans , Administration, Oral , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , Atrial Fibrillation/complications , Patient Discharge , Patients , Registries , Risk Factors , Stroke/drug therapy
9.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 327-332, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006618

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To optimize ethanol extraction process of Yihuang powder. METHODS An orthogonal experiment was designed by reflux extraction with ethanol volume fraction, liquid-to-material ratio, and extraction time as investigation factors. The parameters used were the contents of hesperidin, nobiletin, tangeretin, gallic acid, chebulagic acid, chebulinic acid, liquiritin, glycyrrhizin, eugenol, and the paste-forming rate. The analytic hierarchy process (AHP) was used to calculate the comprehensive score. The optimal ethanol extraction process parameters of Yihuang powder were determined by verifying the results predicted by orthogonal experiment and genetic algorithm (GA)-back propagation neural network (BP neural network). RESULTS The optimal ethanol extraction process parameters, as optimized by orthogonal experiment, were as follows: ethanol volume fraction of 60%, liquid-solid ratio of 14∶1 (mL/g), extraction time of 90 min, and extraction for 2 times. The comprehensive score obtained by verification was 79.19. Meanwhile, the optimal ethanol extraction process parameters, optimized by GA-BP neural network, were ethanol volume fraction of 65%, liquid-solid ratio of 14∶1 (mL/g ), extraction time of 60 min, and extraction for 2 times. The comprehensive score obtained by verification was 85.30, higher than the results obtained from orthogonal experiment. CONCLUSIONS The optimization method of orthogonal experiment combined with GA-BP neural network is superior to the traditional orthogonal experiment optimization method. The optimized ethanol extraction process of Yihuang powder is stable and reliable.

10.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 51-58, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006510

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To explore the correlation between the quantitative and qualitative features of CT images and the invasiveness of pulmonary ground-glass nodules, providing reference value for preoperative planning of patients with ground-glass nodules. Methods    The patients with ground-glass nodules who underwent surgical treatment and were diagnosed with pulmonary adenocarcinoma from September 2020 to July 2022 at the Third Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University were collected. Based on the pathological diagnosis results, they were divided into two groups: a non-invasive adenocarcinoma group with in situ and minimally invasive adenocarcinoma, and an invasive adenocarcinoma group. Imaging features were collected, and a univariate logistic regression analysis was conducted on the clinical and imaging data of the patients. Variables with statistical difference were selected for multivariate logistic regression analysis to establish a predictive model of invasive adenocarcinoma based on independent risk factors. Finally, the sensitivity and specificity were calculated based on the Youden index. Results     A total of 555 patients were collected. The were 310 patients in the non-invasive adenocarcinoma group, including 235 females and 75 males, with a meadian age of 49 (43, 58) years, and 245 patients in the invasive adenocarcinoma group, including 163 females and 82 males, with a meadian age of 53 (46, 61) years. The binary logistic regression analysis showed that the maximum diameter (OR=4.707, 95%CI 2.060 to 10.758), consolidation/tumor ratio (CTR, OR=1.027, 95%CI 1.011 to 1.043), maximum CT value (OR=1.025, 95%CI 1.004 to 1.047), mean CT value (OR=1.035, 95%CI 1.008 to 1.063), spiculation sign (OR=2.055, 95%CI 1.148 to 3.679), and vascular convergence sign (OR=2.508, 95%CI 1.345 to 4.676) were independent risk factors for the occurrence of invasive adenocarcinoma (P<0.05). Based on the independent predictive factors, a predictive model of invasive adenocarcinoma was constructed. The formula for the model prediction was: Logit(P)=–1.293+1.549×maximum diameter of lesion+0.026×CTR+0.025×maximum CT value+0.034×mean CT value+0.72×spiculation sign+0.919×vascular convergence sign. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of the model was 0.910 (95%CI 0.885 to 0.934), indicating that the model had good discrimination ability. The calibration curve showed that the predictive model had good calibration, and the decision analysis curve showed that the model had good clinical utility. Conclusion     The predictive model combining quantitative and qualitative features of CT has a good predictive ability for the invasiveness of ground-glass nodules. Its predictive performance is higher than any single indicator.

11.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 54-61, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006457

ABSTRACT

Background Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), one of the main components of fine particulate matter (PM2.5), have a certain impact on ambient air quality, and long-term exposure to PAHs may pose potential health risks to human beings. Objective To identify the distribution characteristics and sources of PAHs in atmospheric PM2.5 in a district of Taizhou City from 2019 to 2021, and to evaluate the health risks of PAHs to the population in the area through the inhalation pathway. Methods From 2019 to 2021, air PM2.5 sampling was carried out at a state-controlled surveillance point in a district of Taizhou City for 7 consecutive days on the 10th-16th of each month, the sampling time was 24 h·d−1, and the sampling flow rate was 100 L·min−1. PM2.5 mass concentration was calculated by gravimetric method. A total of 16 PAHs were determined by ultrasonic extraction-liquid chromatography. Kruskal-Wallis H test was used to compare the distribution charac teristics of PAHs concentrations by years and seasons, characteristic ratio and principal component analysis (PCA) was used to analyze their sources, and a lifetime carcinogenic risk (ILCR) model was used to assess the health risk of PAHs. Results From 2019 to 2021, the annual average concentrations [M (P25, P75)] of ∑PAHs in atmospheric PM2.5 in the selected district of Taizhou City were 6.52 (2.46, 10.59), 8.52 (4.56, 12.29), and 3.72 (1.51, 7.11) ng·m−3, respectively, and the annual benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) excess rates (national limit: 1 ng·m−3) were 27.38% (23/84), 47.62% (40/84), and 19.04% (16/84), respectively, both presenting 2020> 2019 > 2021 (P<0.001, P<0.05). The ∑PAHs concentration distribution showed a seasonal variation, with the highest value in winter and the lowest value in summer (P<0.05). Among the atmospheric PM2.5 samples, the proportion of 5-ring PAHs was the highest, the proportion of 2-3-ring PAHs was the lowest; the proportion of 2-4-ring PAHs showed a yearly upward trend, and the proportion of 5-6-ring PAHs showed yearly downward trend (P<0.05). The characteristic ratio and PCA results suggested that the sources of sampled PAHs were mainly mixed sources such as dust, fossil fuel (natural gas), coal combustion, industrial emissions, and motor vehicle exhaust emissions. The ILCR (RILCR) of PAHs by inhalation for men, women, and children were 1.83×10−6, 2.35×10−6, and 2.04×10−6, respectively, and the annual average RILCR was 2.07×10−6, all greater than 1×10−6. Conclusion For the sampled time period, the main sources of PAHs pollution in atmospheric PM2.5 in the target district of Taizhou City are dust, fossil fuel (natural gas), coal combustion, industrial emissions, motor vehicle emissions, etc., and PAHs may have a potential carcinogenic risk to local residents.

12.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 19-25, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005229

ABSTRACT

Renal allograft fibrosis is one of the common and severe complications after kidney transplantation, which seriously affects the function and survival rate of renal allograft, and may even lead to organ failure and patient death. At present, the researches on renal allograft fibrosis are highly complicated, including immunity, ischemia-reperfusion injury, infection and drug toxicity, etc. The diagnosis and treatment of renal allograft fibrosis remain extremely challenging. In this article, the latest research progress was reviewed and the causes, novel diagnosis and treatment strategies for renal allograft fibrosis were investigated. By improving diagnostic accuracy and optimizing treatment regimen, it is expected to enhance clinical prognosis of kidney transplant recipients, aiming to provide reference for clinicians to deliver proper management for kidney transplant recipients.

13.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 190-202, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003424

ABSTRACT

Eucommia ulmoides, a plant belonging to Eucommiaceae, has a history of medical use for over two thousand years in China. The dried bark and leaves of this plant are usually used as medicinal materials. Due to the high safety in clinical application, E. ulmoides leaves were officially recognized for both medicinal and edible use by the food safety evaluation in 2019, providing a valuable resource for the development of food and health products. According to the traditional Chinese medicine theory, E. ulmoides has the effects of nourishing the liver and kidneys, strengthening sinews and bones, and calming fetus. Modern research has shown that different parts such as the bark, leaves, flowers, and seeds of E. ulmoides contain similar chemical components, including phenylpropanoids, terpenoids, flavonoids, phenolic acids, steroids, and polysaccharides. E. ulmoides exhibits diverse pharmacological activities such as lowering blood pressure and blood lipid and glucose levels, preventing osteoporosis and possesses anti-tumor, anti-bacterial, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and hepatoprotective effects. Therefore, it holds great potential for the development of products with both medicinal and edible values. This review systematically summarizes the chemical constituents, pharmacological activities, and representative medicinal and edible products of different parts of E. ulmoides. It is expected to provide theoretical references for the clinical application of E. ulmoides and its active components and the development and utilization of the products with both medicinal and edible values. This review contributes to a deeper understanding of the medicinal properties of E. ulmoides and provides guidance for further exploration of its applications in the healthcare field. As a plant with both medicinal and edible values, E. ulmoides is expected to attract more attention in future research and contribute to human health.

14.
Gut and Liver ; : 382-388, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000376

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#We aimed to investigate the comfort, safety, and endoscopic visibility during esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) afforded by a modified 4-hour semifluid and 2-hour water (“4+2”) fasting protocol. @*Methods@#In this parallel group, endoscopist-blinded, randomized controlled trial, outpatients undergoing unsedated diagnostic EGD from 10:30 AM to 12:00 PM were randomly assigned to either a “4+2” protocol group or a conventional fasting group. The participants’ comfort during the fasting period and procedure was measured using the visual analog scale, and mucosal visibility was measured by endoscopists using the total visibility score. Satisfaction was defined as a visual analog scale score of ≤3. The primary outcome was the participants’ comfort during fasting. @*Results@#One hundred and six and 108 participants were randomized to the “4+2” protocol and control groups, respectively. Participants’ comfort before EGD was significantly higher in the “4+2” protocol group measured by both the proportion of satisfaction (86.8% vs 63.9%, p=0.002) and the visual analog scale score (median [interquartile range]: 1.0 [1.0–2.0] vs 3.0 [1.0–4.0], p<0.001). The proportion of satisfaction during EGD also significantly improved (59.4% vs 45.4%, p=0.039) in the “4+2” protocol group. The total visibility score was unaffected by the fasting protocol (5.0 [4.0–5.0] vs 4.0 [4.0–5.0], p=0.266). No adverse events were observed during the study. @*Conclusions@#The “4+2” protocol was more comfortable and provided equal mucosal visibility and safety compared with conventional fasting for unsedated EGD.

15.
Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery ; : 534-545, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000139

ABSTRACT

Background@#Femoral neck fractures (FNFs) comprise a large proportion of osteoporotic fractures in Asia. However, the full range of prognostic variables that affect prognosis remains unclear. Here, we aimed to determine whether the severity of bone defects at the fracture site and other variables impact the prognosis of displaced FNFs. @*Methods@#We evaluated the incidence of FNF internal fixation failures at regular intervals after surgery in data collected retrospectively. Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) magnetic resonance imaging data of the displaced FNFs of 204 patients (> 20 years old; mean age, 52.3 years; men, 55.4%) who underwent internal fixation were used to construct threedimensional (3D) virtual models of the femoral neck region. We calculated the position and volume of bone defect (VBD) using our independently developed algorithm and Mimics software. Each participant was followed up for at least 24 months; complications were noted and correlated with VBD and demographic and clinical variables. @*Results@#On the basis of VBD values calculated from virtual reduction models, 57 patients were categorized as having a mild defect, 100 as having a moderate defect, and 47 as having a severe defect. Age (p = 0.046) and VBD (p < 0.001) were significantly correlated with internal fixation failure. Multivariate analysis revealed that severe bone defects were associated with internal fixation failure (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 23.073; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.791–190.732) and complications (aOR, 8.945; 95% CI, 1.829–43.749). In patients with a severe defect, bone grafting was inversely associated with internal fixation failure (aOR, 0.022; 95% CI, 0.002–0.268) and complications (aOR, 0.023; 95% CI, 0.002–0.299). @*Conclusions@#Bone defect severity was associated with internal fixation failure and other complications. For young adults with large VBDs, bone grafting of the defect can reduce the risk of internal fixation failure. These results provide useful new quantitative information for precisely classifying displaced FNFs and guiding subsequent optimal treatments.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 909-918, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978760

ABSTRACT

Human neutrophil elastase (hNE) is a serine proteolytic enzyme mainly distributed in neutrophils. When the balance between anti-hNE protein and hNE is broken, excessive release of hNE can cause the occurrence of various diseases. Therefore, inhibition of hNE is a promising therapeutic strategy. In this paper, the structure, action mechanism, physiological function of hNE and the development of hNE inhibitors were briefly summarized, in order to provide information for the related research.

17.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1413-1416, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978645

ABSTRACT

AIM: To study the correlation between meibomian gland dysfunction(MGD)patients and their sleep quality.METHODS: Retrospective case-control study. A total of 150 MGD patients treated in our hospital from January 2021 to October 2022 were selected and divided into sleep disorder group(75 cases, PSQI&#x003E;10 points)and control group(75 cases, PSQI≤10 points)according to the Pittsburgh sleep quality index(PSQI). Both groups were scored using the ocular surface disease index(OSDI), underwent meibomian gland-related examinations(eyelid margin morphology, meibomian gland secretion ability, meibomian gland secretion quality score), corneal fluorescein staining(FL)score, Schirmer Ⅰ test(SⅠt), tear film break-up time(BUT)was measured, and sleep indicators(sleep quality, sleep latency, subjective sleep quality, sleep time)were evaluated.RESULTS: There were significant differences in OSDI score, FL score, SⅠt, BUT, eyelid margin morphology score, meibomian gland secretion ability score, and meibomian gland secretion quality score between the two groups(P&#x003C;0.05). In the sleep disorder group, PSQI score, sleep latency score, subjective sleep quality score, and sleep time score were significantly positively correlated with OSDI score, FL score, meibomian gland secretion ability score, and meibomian gland secretion quality score(P&#x003C;0.05); PSQI score, subjective sleep quality score, and sleep time score were significantly positively correlated with eyelid margin morphology score(P&#x003C;0.05); PSQI score, sleep latency score, and subjective sleep quality score were significantly negatively correlated with BUT and SⅠt(P&#x003C;0.05); sleep time score was significantly negatively correlated with BUT(P&#x003C;0.05); sleep latency score was not significantly correlated with eyelid margin morphology score(P&#x003E;0.05); sleep time score was not significantly correlated with SⅠt(P&#x003E;0.05).CONCLUSION:The ocular surface condition of MGD patients is correlated with multiple sleep quality indicators, and a decline in sleep quality may increase the risk of MGD.

18.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 236-243, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978510

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the cell composition and the transcriptional characteristics in microenvironments of hepatic tissues in mice at late stage of Echinococcus multilocularis infection at a single-cell level. Methods Peri-lesion and paired distal hepatic specimens were collected from two BALB/c mice (6 to 8 weeks old) infected with E. multilocularis for single-cell RNA sequencing. The Seurat package in the R software was employed for quality control of data, multi-sample integration and correction of batch effects, and uniform manifold approximation and projection (UMAP) algorithm was used for cell clustering. Cell types were annotated using classical marker genes. Differentially expressed genes were screened in each cell type through differential gene expression analysis, and the biological roles of cells were predicted using Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analyses. Results A total of 43 710 cells from peri-lesion and distal hepatic tissues of E. multilocularis-infected mice were analyzed, and were classified into 11 cell types, including neutrophils, T cells, macrophages, granulocyte-monocyte progenitor cells, B cells, plasma cells, basophils, hepatic stellate cells, endothelial cells, hepatocytes, and platelets. T cells were the largest population of immune cells in the microenvironment of hepatic tissues, including five CD4+ T cell subsets, two CD8+ T cell subsets and phosphoantigen-reactive γδT cells. The proportions of CD4+ helper T cells and cytotoxic CD4+ T cells decreased and the proportion of T helper 2 (Th2) cells increased in peri-lesion tissues relative to distal hepatic tissues. In addition, the differentially expressed genes in Th2 cells were associated with negative regulation of the immune system, and the highly expressed genes in cytotoxic CD4+ T cells correlated with activation of the immune system. Conclusions Single-cell RNA sequencing deciphers the cell composition and distribution in microenvironments of hepatic tissues from mice infected with E. multilocularis, and the increased proportion of Th2 cells in peri-lesion hepatic tissues may be associated with formation of immunosuppressive microenvironments.

19.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 479-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978488

ABSTRACT

High-quality donor heart is the prerequisite and fundamental guarantee for successful heart transplantation. Reasonable donor heart preservation technique plays a key role in improving the quality of donor heart and the prognosis of heart transplantation. Static cold storage (SCS) is currently the standard preservation technique for cardiac allograft. However, it is prone to cause severe cold ischemia injury to the donor heart, and it is impossible to evaluate heart function during SCS. As an important emerging technique of organ preservation, machine perfusion better matches with physiological conditions compared with SCS, which may remove metabolic wastes and provide basic substances for metabolic needs during organ preservation, prolong the preservation time and improve the preservation effect to a certain extent. Besides, it may also effectively evaluate organ function and improve clinical prognosis of heart transplantation. Meantime, it can also repair organ damage, significantly optimize organ quality and improve the utilization rate of donor organs. In this article, research status of machine perfusion of donor heart was reviewed.

20.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 264-273, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978472

ABSTRACT

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a commonly seen digestive system disease with unclear pathogenesis. The condition is complex and variable, often chronic, and has a long treatment period with no specific cure. Currently, the treatment of UC often involves the use of corticosteroids, aminosalicylates, and biologics in western medicine, which provide fast-acting and definite efficacy in the short term. However, with prolonged medication, some patients may develop drug resistance and worsening of the disease, leading to the occurrence of colon cancer. Research has found that oxidative stress is one of the important pathogenic factors in UC and influences its onset and development. Oxidative stress is a state of imbalance between oxidative products and the antioxidant system in the body, characterized by overexpression of oxidative products such as malondialdehyde (MDA), reactive oxygen species (ROS), nitric oxide (NO), or deficiency of antioxidant enzymes such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and glutathione (GSH). It is worth noting that traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), as a unique characteristic medicine of China, has achieved significant efficacy in the treatment of UC. Studies have shown that TCM effectively inhibits the occurrence of UC by suppressing the accumulation of metabolites and antagonizes the development of UC by enhancing the antioxidant system. Therefore, using TCM to regulate the oxidative balance as a diagnostic and therapeutic approach may be a new method and direction for the treatment of UC in the future. Based on the above research, this article summarized the mechanisms of key pathogenic proteins in oxidative stress and the occurrence and development of UC, and compiled the effective ingredients of Chinese medicine, single drugs, prescriptions, and acupuncture and moxibustion in regulating upstream and downstream target proteins of oxidative stress. These interventions can reduce pathological damage to the intestinal mucosa, lower the colon injury index, enrich the intestinal microbiota, increase colon length, and improve clinical symptoms of UC. The article is expected to expand the application of TCM in the treatment of UC and provide a reliable scientific theoretical basis.

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