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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 169-178, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006568

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo establish a qualitative and quantitative analysis method for chemical constituents in Liu Junzitang(LJZT), and to clarify its material basis. MethodThe chemical constituents in LJZT were analyzed by ultra performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS), and the resulting compounds were identified by using databases, such as MassBank, PubChem, ChemSpider, Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analytical Platform(TCMSP), and by combining with relevant literature. UPLC was used to establish a quantitative method for analysis of 9 compounds in LJZT, including liquiritin, hesperidin, lobetyolin, liquiritigenin, glycyrrhizic acid, nobiletin, tangeretin, atractylenolide Ⅱ and Ⅰ. ResultBy combining the relevant literature, database and MS information, a total of 79 compounds were identified from LJZT, including 31 flavonoids, 15 terpenoids, 14 nitrogen-containing compounds, 6 phenylpropanoids, 6 organic acids and 7 other compounds. The established quantitative analytical method for the nine representative components showed good linearity within their respective linear ranges, and the precision, stability, reproducibility and recovery were in accordance with the requirements. The quantitative results showed that the contents of liquiritin, hesperidin, lobetyolin, liquiritigenin, glycyrrhizic acid, nobiletin, tangeretin, atractylenolide Ⅱ and Ⅰ in LJZT were 0.376 5, 2.602 1, 0.082 6, 0.128 1, 1.778 6, 0.015 7, 0.006 7, 0.030 4, 0.003 2 mg·g-1, respectively. ConclusionThe established method can quickly, sensitively and accurately analyze the chemical constituents in LJZT, clarify that the material basis of LJZT is mainly flavonoids, terpenoids and nitrogen-containing compounds, and simultaneously determine the contents of the 9 components, which can lay a foundation for the research on quality control, mechanism and clinical application of LJZT.

2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 10-17, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003498

ABSTRACT

AIM: To quantify early changes of macular capillary parameters in type 2 diabetic patients using optical coherence tomography angiography(OCTA).METHODS: Retrospective case study. A total of 49 healthy subjects, 52 diabetic patients without retinopathy(noDR)patients, and 43 mild nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy(mNPDR)patients were recruited. Capillary perfusion density, vessel length density(VLD), and average vessel diameter(AVD)were calculated from macular OCTA images(3 mm×3 mm)of the superficial capillary plexus after segmenting large vessels and the deep capillary plexus. Parameters were compared among control subjects, noDR, and mNPDR patients. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve estimated the abilities of these parameters to detect early changes of retinal microvascular networks.RESULTS: Significant differences were found in the VLD and AVD among the three groups(P<0.001). Compared with the control group, the noDR group had significantly higher AVD(P<0.05). VLD of both layers in patients of mNPDR group was significant decreased compared with that of noDR group(all P<0.01). Deep AVD had a higher area under the curve(AUC)of 0.796 than other parameters to discriminate the noDR group from the healthy group. Deep AVD had the highest AUC of 0.920, followed by that of the deep VLD(AUC=0.899)to discriminate the mNPDR group from the healthy group.CONCLUSIONS: NoDR patients had wider AVD than healthy individuals and longer VLD than mNPDR patients in both layers. When compared with healthy individuals, deep AVD had a stronger ability than other parameters to detect early retinal capillary impairments in noDR patients.

3.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 77-93, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981599

ABSTRACT

Background In mainland China, patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) have approximately an 40% prevalence of polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV). This disease leads to recurrent retinal pigment epithelium detachment (PED), extensive subretinal or vitreous hemorrhages, and severe vision loss. China has introduced various treatment modalities in the past years and gained comprehensive experience in treating PCV.Methods A total of 14 retinal specialists nationwide with expertise in PCV were empaneled to prioritize six questions and address their corresponding outcomes, regarding opinions on inactive PCV, choices of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) monotherapy, photodynamic therapy (PDT) monotherapy or combined therapy, patients with persistent subretinal fluid (SRF) or intraretinal fluid (IRF) after loading dose anti-VEGF, and patients with massive subretinal hemorrhage. An evidence synthesis team conducted systematic reviews, which informed the recommendations that address these questions. This guideline used the GRADE (Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation) approach to assess the certainty of evidence and grade the strengths of recommendations. Results The panel proposed the following six conditional recommendations regarding treatment choices. (1) For patients with inactive PCV, we suggest observation over treatment. (2) For treatment-na?ve PCV patients, we suggest either anti-VEGF monotherapy or combined anti-VEGF and PDT rather than PDT monotherapy. (3) For patients with PCV who plan to initiate combined anti-VEGF and PDT treatment, we suggest later/rescue PDT over initiate PDT. (4) For PCV patients who plan to initiate anti-VEGF monotherapy, we suggest the treat and extend (T&E) regimen rather than the pro re nata (PRN) regimen following three monthly loading doses. (5) For patients with persistent SRF or IRF on optical coherence tomography (OCT) after three monthly anti-VEGF treatments, we suggest proceeding with anti-VEGF treatment rather than observation. (6) For PCV patients with massive subretinal hemorrhage (equal to or more than four optic disc areas) involving the central macula, we suggest surgery (vitrectomy in combination with tissue-plasminogen activator (tPA) intraocular injection and gas tamponade) rather than anti-VEGF monotherapy. Conclusions Six evidence-based recommendations support optimal care for PCV patients' management.

4.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 409-417, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981557

ABSTRACT

High-frequency steady-state asymmetric visual evoked potential (SSaVEP) provides a new paradigm for designing comfortable and practical brain-computer interface (BCI) systems. However, due to the weak amplitude and strong noise of high-frequency signals, it is of great significance to study how to enhance their signal features. In this study, a 30 Hz high-frequency visual stimulus was used, and the peripheral visual field was equally divided into eight annular sectors. Eight kinds of annular sector pairs were selected based on the mapping relationship of visual space onto the primary visual cortex (V1), and three phases (in-phase[0º, 0º], anti-phase [0º, 180º], and anti-phase [180º, 0º]) were designed for each annular sector pair to explore response intensity and signal-to-noise ratio under phase modulation. A total of 8 healthy subjects were recruited in the experiment. The results showed that three annular sector pairs exhibited significant differences in SSaVEP features under phase modulation at 30 Hz high-frequency stimulation. And the spatial feature analysis showed that the two types of features of the annular sector pair in the lower visual field were significantly higher than those in the upper visual field. This study further used the filter bank and ensemble task-related component analysis to calculate the classification accuracy of annular sector pairs under three-phase modulations, and the average accuracy was up to 91.5%, which proved that the phase-modulated SSaVEP features could be used to encode high- frequency SSaVEP. In summary, the results of this study provide new ideas for enhancing the features of high-frequency SSaVEP signals and expanding the instruction set of the traditional steady state visual evoked potential paradigm.


Subject(s)
Humans , Evoked Potentials, Visual , Brain-Computer Interfaces , Healthy Volunteers , Signal-To-Noise Ratio
5.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 369-378, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981013

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on electrophysiological characteristics of glutamatergic and GABAergic neurons in dorsal hippocampus (dHPC) and ventral hippocampus (vHPC) in mice, and to elucidate the mechanisms underlying the plasticity of hippocampal neurons and memory regulation after PTSD. Male C57Thy1-YFP/GAD67-GFP mice were randomly divided into PTSD group and control group. Unavoidable foot shock (FS) was applied to establish PTSD model. The spatial learning ability was explored by water maze test, and the changes in electrophysiological characteristics of glutamatergic and GABAergic neurons in dHPC and vHPC were examined using whole-cell recording method. The results showed that FS significantly reduced the movement speed, and enhanced the number and percentage of freezing. PTSD significantly prolonged the escape latency in localization avoidance training, shortened the swimming time in the original quadrant, extended the swimming time in the contralateral quadrant, and increased absolute refractory period, energy barrier and inter-spike interval of glutamatergic neurons in dHPC and GABAergic neurons in vHPC, while decreased absolute refractory period, energy barrier and inter-spike interval of GABAergic neurons in dHPC and glutamatergic neurons in vHPC. These results suggest that PTSD can damage spatial perception of mice, down-regulate the excitability of dHPC and up-regulate the excitability of vHPC, and the underlying mechanism may involve the regulation of spatial memory by the plasticity of neurons in dHPC and vHPC.


Subject(s)
Mice , Male , Animals , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic , Hippocampus , Spatial Learning , GABAergic Neurons
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1430-1438, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980942

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#This study aimed to develop a comprehensive instrument for evaluating and ranking clinical practice guidelines, named Scientific, Transparent and Applicable Rankings tool (STAR), and test its reliability, validity, and usability.@*METHODS@#This study set up a multidisciplinary working group including guideline methodologists, statisticians, journal editors, clinicians, and other experts. Scoping review, Delphi methods, and hierarchical analysis were used to develop the STAR tool. We evaluated the instrument's intrinsic and interrater reliability, content and criterion validity, and usability.@*RESULTS@#STAR contained 39 items grouped into 11 domains. The mean intrinsic reliability of the domains, indicated by Cronbach's α coefficient, was 0.588 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.414, 0.762). Interrater reliability as assessed with Cohen's kappa coefficient was 0.774 (95% CI: 0.740, 0.807) for methodological evaluators and 0.618 (95% CI: 0.587, 0.648) for clinical evaluators. The overall content validity index was 0.905. Pearson's r correlation for criterion validity was 0.885 (95% CI: 0.804, 0.932). The mean usability score of the items was 4.6 and the median time spent to evaluate each guideline was 20 min.@*CONCLUSION@#The instrument performed well in terms of reliability, validity, and efficiency, and can be used for comprehensively evaluating and ranking guidelines.


Subject(s)
Humans , Reproducibility of Results , Surveys and Questionnaires , Practice Guidelines as Topic
7.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 600-604, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980766

ABSTRACT

After reviewing and evaluating the Discipline History of Acupuncture and Moxibustion in China, the authors concludes that this book has the following characteristics: the scientific research focuses on the combination of internal and external history, and the conclusions are rigorous; the narrative style and structure featured by the division of discipline history of ancient times, modern times and current times are quite characteristic and enlightening; the reference materials are detailed and advanced, which showes profound thoughts and concerns about the difficulties and challenges faced by the development of acupuncture and moxibustion discipline and the internal path selection of acupuncture and moxibustion research. In addition, this book discusses the unique importance of the cultural attribute behind acupuncture and moxibustion technology in the process of theoretical research of acupuncture and moxibustion.


Subject(s)
Moxibustion , Acupuncture Therapy , China , Books , Head
8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1880-1893, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978661

ABSTRACT

In this study, untargeted metabolomics technology based on ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole/time of flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS) was used to analyze and identify the overall chemical components of Juniperri Caulis et Folium. Chemical markers for the identification of different Juniperri Caulis et Folium species were screened by integrated principal component analysis and partial least squares discriminant analysis. A total of 58 chemical components were detected and 46 of them were identified, including 26 flavonoids, 8 organic acids and their derivatives, 4 phenylpropanoids, 3 terpenoids, and 5 other components. Among them, methylsyringin and ekersenin were identified for the first time. In the positive ion mode, 12 markers were screened, and in the negative ion mode, 13 markers were screened for species identification. In summary, UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS metabonomics technology combined with chemometrics method can effectively reveal the chemical composition differences of different Juniperri Caulis et Folium species, and provide reference for its species identification and quality control.

9.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 92-98, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970826

ABSTRACT

The spine is the most common site of bone metastases from malignant tumors, with metastatic epidural spinal cord compression occurring in about 10% of patients with spinal metastases. Palliative radiotherapy and simple laminectomy and decompression have been the main treatments for metastatic spinal cord compression. The former is ineffective and delayed for radiation-insensitive tumors, and the latter often impairs spinal stability. With the continuous improvement of surgical techniques and instrumentation in recent years, the treatment model of spinal metastases has changed a lot. Decompression surgery underwent open decompression, separation surgery, minimally invasive surgery and laser interintermal thermal ablation decompression. However, no matter what kind of surgical plan is adopted, it should be assessed precisely according to the specific situation of the patient to minimize the risk of surgery as far as possible to ensure the smooth follow-up radiotherapy. This paper reviews the research progress of decompression for spinal metastases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spinal Cord Compression/surgery , Spinal Neoplasms/secondary , Decompression, Surgical/methods , Spine/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
10.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 457-460, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986050

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a high performance liquid chromatography method for the determination of misoprostol in workplace air. Methods: From February to August 2021, the misoprostol in the workplace air was collected by glass fiber filter membrane, and theeluent was separated by C18 liquid chromatography column, determined by UV detector, and quantified by external standard method. Results: The quantitative lower limit of misoprostol determination method was 0.05 μg/ml, and the lowest quantitative concentration was 1.4 μg/m(3) (calculated by collecting 75 L air sample). The concentration of misoprostol has a good linear relationship between 0.05 to 10.00 μg/ml. The relative coefficient was 0.9998. The regression equation of the standard working curve was y=495759x-45257. The range of average recovery rates were from 95.5% to 102.8%. The intra-assay precision of the method was 1.2%-4.6%, and the inter-assay precision was 2.0%-5.9%. The samples could be stored stably for 7 days at 4 ℃. Conclusion: The high performance liquid chromatography method for the determination of misoprostol has high sensitivity, good specificity and simple procedure of sample pretreatment. It is suitable for the detection of misoprostol in the workplace air.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Misoprostol/analysis , Air Pollutants, Occupational/analysis , Workplace , Chromatography, Liquid
11.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 259-269, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985650

ABSTRACT

Objective: To retrospectively analyze the clinical data of different types of selective intrauterine growth restriction (sIUGR) pregnant women under expectant management, including the natural evolution, typing conversion and perinatal outcomes. Methods: The clinical data of 153 pregnant women with sIUGR under expected treatment in Women's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine from January 2014 to December 2018 were collected. Maternal characteristics including maternal age, gravidity, parity, method of conception, pregnancy complication, gestational age at delivery, indication for delivery, birth weight, the rate of intrauterine and neonatal death and neonatal outcomes were recorded. Pregnant women with sIUGR were divided into three types according to end-diastolic umbilical artery flow Doppler ultrasonography, and the differences of typing conversion and perinatal outcomes of sIUGR pregnant women based on the first diagnosis were compared. Results: (1) Clinical characteristics and pregnancy outcomes: among 153 pregnant women with sIUGR, 100 cases (65.3%) were diagnosed with type Ⅰ, 35 cases (22.9%) with type Ⅱ, and 18 cases (11.8%) with type Ⅲ. There were no significant differences in age, conception mode, pregnancy complications, first diagnosis gestational age, characteristics of umbilical cord insertion, delivery indications, fetal intrauterine mortality and neonatal mortality among three types of sIUGR pregnant women (all P>0.05). The average gestational age at delivery of type Ⅰ sIUGR was (33.5±1.9) weeks, which was significantly later than those of type Ⅱ and Ⅲ [(31.3±1.8), (31.2±1.1) weeks, P<0.001]. The percentage disordance in estimated fetal weight (EFW) of type Ⅰ sIUGR was significantly lower than those of type Ⅱ and type Ⅲ (P<0.001). The incidence rate of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission, cerebral leukomalacia and respiratory complications of both fetus and necrotizing enterocolitis of large fetus in type Ⅰ were significantly lower than those in type Ⅱ and type Ⅲ (all P<0.05). (2) Typing conversion: in 100 cases of type Ⅰ sIUGR, 18 cases progressed to type Ⅱ and 10 cases progressed to type Ⅲ. Compared with 72 stable type Ⅰ sIUGR, those with progressed type Ⅰ sIUGR had higher incidence of NICU admission and lung disease in both fetuses, and cerebral leukomalacia and necrotizing enterocolitis in large fetus (all P<0.05). The proportion of inconsistent cord insertion was significantly higher in those type Ⅰ progressed to type Ⅲ (6/10) than in those with stable type Ⅰ (19.4%, 14/72) and type Ⅰ progressed to type Ⅱ sIUGR [0 (0/18), P=0.001]. Four cases of type Ⅱ sIUGR reversed to type Ⅰ and 6 cases reversed to type Ⅲ. Compared with type Ⅱ reversed to type Ⅰ sIUGR, those stable type Ⅱ and type Ⅱ reversed to type Ⅲ sIUGR had a higher incidence of NICU admission in large fetus (P<0.05). Two cases of type Ⅲ sIUGR reversed to type Ⅰ and 6 cases progressed to type Ⅱ. There were no significant differences in fetal serious complications in type Ⅲ sIUGR with or without doppler changes (all P>0.05). Conclusions: The different types of sIUGR could convert to each other. The frequency of ultrasound examinations should be increased for patients with the type Ⅰ sIUGR, especially when the percentage discordance in EFW is substantial or with discordant cord insersion.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Female , Infant, Newborn , Humans , Fetal Growth Retardation/epidemiology , Pregnancy Outcome , Retrospective Studies , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing , Twins, Monozygotic , Umbilical Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Gestational Age , Ultrasonography, Prenatal/methods , Pregnancy, Twin
12.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 982-989, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985623

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the population structure of food-borne Staphylococcus (S.) aureus in China. Methods: Whole genome sequencing was used to analyze 763 food-borne S. aureus strains from 16 provinces in China from 2006 to 2020. Multilocus sequence typing (MLST), staphylococcal protein A gene (spa) typing, and staphylococcal chromosome cassettemec (SCCmec) typing were conducted, and minimum spanning tree based on ST types (STs) was constructed by BioNumerics 7.5 software. Thirty-one S. aureus strains isolated from imported food products were also included in constructing the genome phylogenetic tree. Results: A total of 90 STs (20 novel types) and 160 spa types were detected in the 763 S. aureus isolates. The 72 STs (72/90, 80.0%) were related to 22 clone complexes. The predominant clone complexes were CC7, CC1, CC5, CC398, CC188, CC59, CC6, CC88, CC15, and CC25, accounting for 82.44% (629/763) of the total. The STs and spa types in the predominant clone complexes changed over the years. The methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) detection rate was 7.60%, and 7 SCCmec types were identified. The ST59-t437-Ⅳa (17.24%, 10/58), ST239-t030-Ⅲ (12.07%, 7/58), ST59-t437-Ⅴb (8.62%, 5/58), ST338-t437-Ⅴb (6.90%, 4/58) and ST338-t441-Ⅴb (6.90%, 4/58) were the main types in MRSA strains. The genome phylogenetic tree had two clades, and the strains with the same CC, ST, and spa types clustered together. All CC7 methicillin sensitive S. aureus strains were included in Clade1, while 21 clone complexes and all MRSA strains were in Clade2. The MRSA strains clustered according to the SCCmec and STs. The strains from imported food products in CC398, CC7, CC30, CC12, and CC188 had far distances from Chinese strains in the tree. Conclusions: In this study, the predominant clone complexes of food-borne strains were CC7, CC1, CC5, CC398, CC188, CC59, CC6, CC88, CC15, and CC25, which overlapped with the previously reported clone complexes of hospital and community-associated strains in China, suggesting that close attention needs to be paid to food, a vehicle of pathogen transmission in community and food poisoning.


Subject(s)
Humans , Staphylococcus aureus/genetics , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus/genetics , Multilocus Sequence Typing , Phylogeny , Staphylococcal Infections/epidemiology , China/epidemiology
13.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 736-740, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985466

ABSTRACT

This study analyzed the anemia status and change trend of 219 835 pregnant women in eight provinces from 2016 to 2020 in the Maternal and Newborn Health Monitoring Program(MNHMP). The results showed that from 2016 to 2020, the anemia rate of pregnant women in eight provinces was 41.27%, and the rates of mild, moderate and severe anemia were 28.56%, 12.59% and 0.12% respectively; the anemia rates in eastern, central and western regions were 41.87%, 36.09% and 44.63% respectively, and the anemia rates in urban and rural areas were 39.87% and 42.23%. From 2016 to 2020, the anemia rate of pregnant women decreased from 44.93% to 38.22%, with an average annual decline of 3.86% (95%CI:-5.84%, -1.85%). The anemia rate among pregnant women of the eastern region (AAPC=-6.16%, 95%CI:-9.79%, -2.38%) fell faster than that among pregnant women of the central region (AAPC=0.71%, 95%CI:-6.59%, 8.57%) and western region (AAPC=-1.53%, 95%CI:-5.19%, 2.28%). From 2016 to 2020, the moderate anemia rate in pregnant women decreased from 14.98% to 10.74%, with an average annual decline of 8.72% (95%CI:-12.90%, -4.34%), with a statistically significant difference (P<0.05); AAPC for mild and severe anemia in pregnant women was 1.56% (95%CI: 3.44%, 0.36%) and 18.86% (95%CI: 39.88%, 9.52%), respectively, without statistically significant difference (P>0.05).


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Pregnant Women , Prevalence , Anemia/epidemiology , China/epidemiology , Family , Rural Population
14.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 905-910, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009158

ABSTRACT

With the continuous improvement of cancer treatment, the survival of patients with spinal metastases has been significantly prolonged. Currently, the treatment of spinal metastases presents a trend of multi-mode. Clinical surgical methods include vertebral tumor resecting spinal canal decompression and internal fixation surgery, separation surgery, minimally invasive surgery and percutaneous ablation technology, etc. Radiotherapy techniques include traditional external radiation therapy, stereotactic radiotherapy and brachytherapy, etc. The risk of vertebral tumor resecting spinal canal decompression and internal fixation surgery, and the incidence of intraoperative and postoperative complications is high. The extension of postoperative recovery period may lead to delay of follow-up radiotherapy and other medical treatment, which has a serious impact on patients' survival and treatment confidence. However, the precision of traditional external radiation therapy is not high, and the limitation of tolerance of spinal cord makes it difficult to achieve the goal of controlling insensitive tumor. With the development of radiotherapy and surgical technology, stereotactic radiotherapy with higher accuracy and separation surgery with smaller surgical strike have become the focus of many clinical experts at present. This article reviews the progress of Hybrid treatment of separation surgery combined with stereotactic radiotherapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Radiosurgery , Spinal Neoplasms/surgery , Spine , Decompression, Surgical , Fracture Fixation, Internal
15.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1021-1025, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009017

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To review targeted muscle reinnervation (TMR) surgery for the construction of intelligent prosthetic human-machine interface, thus providing a new clinical intervention paradigm for the functional reconstruction of residual limbs in amputees.@*METHODS@#Extensively consulted relevant literature domestically and abroad and systematically expounded the surgical requirements of intelligent prosthetics, TMR operation plan, target population, prognosis, as well as the development and future of TMR.@*RESULTS@#TMR facilitates intuitive control of intelligent prostheses in amputees by reconstructing the "brain-spinal cord-peripheral nerve-skeletal muscle" neurotransmission pathway and increasing the surface electromyographic signals required for pattern recognition. TMR surgery for different purposes is suitable for different target populations.@*CONCLUSION@#TMR surgery has been certified abroad as a transformative technology for improving prosthetic manipulation, and is expected to become a new clinical paradigm for 2 million amputees in China.


Subject(s)
Humans , Artificial Limbs , Muscle, Skeletal , Neurosurgical Procedures , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Prosthesis Implantation
16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2747-2764, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982877

ABSTRACT

Indolylarylsulfones (IASs) are classical HIV-1 non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) with a unique scaffold and possess potent antiviral activity. To address the high cytotoxicity and improve safety profiles of IASs, we introduced various sulfonamide groups linked by alkyl diamine chain to explore the entrance channel of non-nucleoside inhibitors binding pocket. 48 compounds were designed and synthesized to evaluate their anti-HIV-1 activities and reverse transcriptase inhibition activities. Especially, compound R10L4 was endowed with significant inhibitory activity towards wild-type HIV-1 (EC50(WT) = 0.007 μmol/L, SI = 30,930) as well as a panel of single-mutant strains exemplified by L100I (EC50 = 0.017 μmol/L, SI = 13,055), E138K (EC50 = 0.017 μmol/L, SI = 13,123) and Y181C (EC50 = 0.045 μmol/L, SI = 4753) which were superior to Nevirapine and Etravirine. Notably, R10L4 was characterized with significantly reduced cytotoxicity (CC50 = 216.51 μmol/L) and showed no remarkable in vivo toxic effects (acute and subacute toxicity). Moreover, the computer-based docking study was also employed to characterize the binding mode between R10L4 and HIV-1 RT. Additionally, R10L4 presented an acceptable pharmacokinetic profile. Collectively, these results deliver precious insights for next optimization and indicate that the sulfonamide IAS derivatives are promising NNRTIs for further development.

17.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2775-2779, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998565

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To explore the efficacy, safety and economics of a dual therapy consisting of conventional dose of vonoprazan combined with conventional dose of amoxicillin in patients with primary treatment of Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection. METHODS Using a prospective cohort study, the patients diagnosed with HP infection and receiving initial treatment in Chengdu Xinhua Hospital from July 2021 to July 2022 were collected according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. The patients were given vonoprazan/amoxicillin dual therapy (i.e. VA group, Vonoprazan fumarate tablets 20 mg, once a day+Amoxicillin capsules 1.0 g, twice a day, 14 days) and bismuth-containing quadruple therapy (i.e. LJAF group, Rabeprazole sodium enteric- coated tablets 20 mg, twice a day+Colloidal bismuth pectin capsules 200 mg, twice a day+Amoxicillin capsules 1.0 g, twice a day+ Furazolidone tablets 100 mg, twice a day, for 14 days) according to the patient’s medication willingness. Four weeks after the end of the treatment, HP eradication rates of the two groups were compared by using intention-to-treat (ITT), modified intention-to- treat (MITT) and per-protocol (PP) analysis. The occurrence of adverse drug reactions (ADR) was recorded, and an economic evaluation was performed for them. RESULTS Among the 58 patients in VA group, 55 completed the trial, 2 were lost to follow- up and one withdrew due to rash; among the 62 patients in LJAF group, 57 completed the trial, 3 were lost to follow-up and 2 withdrew due to rash. Results of ITT, MITT and PP analysis showed that HP eradication rates of VA group were 86.2%, 89.3% and 90.9%, and those of LJAF group were 87.1%,91.5% and 94.7%, respectively; there was no statistical significance among different groups (P>0.05). The incidences of ADR in VA group and LJAF group were 6.9% and 14.5%,which were not significantly different (P>0.05). The result of cost minimization analysis showed that the treatment cost of VA group was 340.9 yuan, which was lower than 373.5 yuan of LJAF group. CONCLUSIONS In patients with primary treatment of HP infection, the efficacy and safety of dual therapy of conventional dose of vonoprazan combined with conventional dose of amoxicillin is equivalent to the bismuth-containing quadruplex therapy with low cost.

18.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 493-500, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995755

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between the levels of serum cytokines and chemokines and the prognosis of patients with acute B-ALL after receiving chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-T cell immunotherapy and acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) in patients after bridging allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).Methods:According to the case-control principle, Forty-two patients with B-ALL who received CD19-CAR-T cell immunotherapy bridged to allo-HSCT at Heibei Yanda Ludaopei Hospital from September 18, 2019 to May 9, 2022 were enrolled. Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the changes of aGVHD-related cytokines and chemokine levels between CAR-T cell immunotherapy and bridging transplantation in different patients at the same time. Their plasma levels of cytokines and chemokines related to aGVHD were monitored at the day before CAR-T therapy and after CAR-T treatment at day 4, 7,14,21,28. The receiver operating characteristic curve was drawn to evaluate the predictive value of cytokines and chemokines in predicting the occurrence and the death of aGVHD patients. Kaplan-Meier method and Log-rank tests were used for Overall survival (OS) analysis. Results:Twenty-four of total 42 patients had aGVHD, of which 11 patients died and 31 patients survived. There was no significant difference in cytokines and chemokines between the aGVHD group and the non-aGVHD group on the day before CAR-T cell treatment. According to statistical analysis, the serum Elafin levels of aGVHD group was higher than that of non-aGVHD group at the 21st day [4 482 (2 811, 6 061) ng/L vs 2 466 (1 948, 3 375) ng/L, Z=3.145, P=0.001] and the 28st day [4 391 (2 808, 5594) ng/L vs 2 463 (1 658, 2 830) ng/L, Z=2.038, P=0.048] separately. At the 14th day, serum cytokines and chemokines levels between the two group were as follows,MIP-1 α [21.02 (12.36, 30.35) ng/L vs 5.56 (3.64, 10.79) ng/L], sCD25 [422.47 (257.99, 1 233.78) IU/ml vs 216.11 (133.75,457.39) IU/ml], Elafin [4 101 (2 393, 5 006) ng/L vs 2 155 (1 781, 3 033) ng/L], IL-6 [119.08 (23.97, 183.43) ng/L vs 8.39 (2.91, 17.42) ng/L] and IL-8 [13.56 (12.50, 24.52) ng/L vs 2.83 (1.73,6.87) ng/L] were at higher levels ( Z=2.653, P=0.007; Z=2.176, P=0. 030; Z=2.058, P=0.041; Z=3.329, P<0.001; Z=3.162, P=0.001). The KM survival curve showed that the cumulative survival rates of patients with higher serum levels of MIP-1α, sCD25, Elafin, IL-6 and IL-8 were lower than those with low levels at day 14, and the difference was statistically significant (χ 2=12.353, 4.890, 6.551, 10.563, 20.755, P<0.05). Conclusion:The outcomes of patients treated with CAR-T cell therapy bridged to allo-HSCT was correlated with serum MIP-1α, sCD25, Elafin, IL-6 and IL-8 levels after receiving CAR-T therapy. High concentrations of MIP-1α, sCD25, Elafin, IL-6 and IL-8 suggest poor prognosis and can be used as biomarkers to suggest appropriate clinical selection of therapy.

19.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 187-193, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994704

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the influencing factors and effectiveness of community follow-up in patients with cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) implantation.Method:A total of 132 patients who received CIED implantation in the Department of Cardiology of Tongren Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from February 2021 to February 2022 were enrolled in this prospective cohort study. Among them 33 patients were followed up in community health service centers associated with Tongren Hospital (community follow-up group) and 99 matched patients were followed up in the CIED outpatient clinic of the hospital (outpatient follow-up group) with a ratio of 1∶3. The clinical data of the selected patients were collected through a questionnaire survey; the follow-up data were extracted through the CarelinkExpress electronic follow-up platform and the CIED outpatient information system of Tongren Hospital. Adjustment of the treatment protocol or CIED parameters at follow-up, and the referral from the community health service centers were defined as visit with-an-action (VWA). The endpoint of follow-up was the occurrence of major adverse events. The multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the factors influencing patient selection for community follow-up.Results:The univariate analysis showed that the frequency of visits to community health service centers and the service contracting rate in community follow-up group were higher than those of outpatient follow-up group ( P<0.05). The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the contracted community physician service was an independent influencing factor of patient choosing community follow-up ( OR=2.143, 95% CI: 1.103-4.166, P=0.025). A total of 469 visits of followed up occurred in 132 patients, including 45 community visits and 424 outpatient visits. VWA accounted for 22.2% (10/45) in the community follow-up group, and 17.2% (73/424) in the outpatient follow-up group ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the safety and effectiveness indicators (VWA, major adverse events, and unplanned follow-up) between the two groups ( P>0.05). More patients in the community follow-up group walked to the hospital than the outpatient follow-up group ( P<0.05);and the main transportation for the later was by bus or taxi(42(42.4%)or 41(41.4%)). The average waiting time in the community follow-up group was significantly shorter than that in outpatient follow-up group ( P<0.05). The total time required for a single follow-up in the community follow-up group was 50.0 (45.0, 59.5) minutes, which was significantly shorter than that in the routine outpatient follow-up group (107.0 (90.0, 135.0) minutes, P<0.05). Conclusions:The contracting with community physicians is an independent influencing factor for CIED implanted patients to choose community follow-up. The safety and effectiveness of community follow-up are comparable to routine outpatient follow-up, and community follow-up is more convenient.

20.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 563-569, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993855

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the regulatory effect of WNT1-inducible signaling pathway protein 2(WISP2)on macrophage polarization in palmitic acid(PA)and lipopolysaccharide(LPS)-induced inflammation.Methods:The macrophage cell line RAW264.7 was treated with different concentrations of WISP2 protein, and cell viability was determined by means of luminescence assay using Cell-Titer Glo to determine the concentration of WISP2.The cells were divided into control group, palmitic acid group, palmitic acid combined with different concentrations of WISP2 group(10 μg/L and 100 μg/L)and lipopolysaccharide group, lipopolysaccharide combined with different concentrations of WISP2 group(10 μg/L and 100 μg/L). mRNA expression of M1 and M2 macrophages phenotype of each group were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction.The protein expression of important inflammatory factors, TNF-α and IL-6, were evaluated by ELISA.Results:Compared with the control group, both 10 μg/L and 100 μg/L WISP2 groups had no effect on the activity of RAW264.7 cells, but significantly up-regulated the expression of various inflammatory factors, including Tnfα(1.877±0.039, 2.202±0.034, F=309.7, P<0.001), Il6(1.418±0.056, 1.506±0.059, F=81.39, P<0.001), Mcp1(1.620±0.014, 1.982±0.125, F=71.45, P<0.001), Ccl3(1.892±0.118, 1.942±0.132, F=32.93, P<0.001), and iNos(1.691±0.201, 1.548±0.090, F=13.60, P<0.05). mRNA in macrophages, and significantly down-regulated the expression of anti-inflammatory factors, including Tgfβ(1.376±0.025, 2.152±0.107, F=1.846, P<0.05), CD206(2.123±0.031, 3.139±1.663, F=8.037, P<0.05), Il4(2.098±0.464, 2.494±0.141, F=48.68, P<0.01), and Il10(1.303±0.216, 1.574±0.274, F=5.774, P<0.05)mRNA, causing M1 type macrophage polarization.Compared with the control group, 100 μmol/L palmitic acid could mildly but significantly increase the expression of inflammatory factors such as TNF-α and IL-6 at the transcriptional and protein levels.Compared with palmitic acid stimulation alone, the combination of palmitic acid and WISP2 further promoted the protein expression of macrophage inflammatory factors TNF-α[(589.4±17.0)ng/L, (692.6±83.4)ng/L, F=56.38, P<0.05], IL-6[(15.13±1.14)ng/L, (13.33±1.22)ng/L, F=23.32, P<0.001]and the mRNA expression of chemokines Mcp1(160±9.796, 140±18.91, F=141.1, P<0.0001)and C cl3(17.76±1.92, 14.41±1.27, F=125.2, P<0.0001). Compared with the control group, 100 μg/L lipopolysaccharide strongly stimulated the expression of inflammatory factors such as TNF-α[(3444±423)ng/L, F=71.20, P<0.0001]and IL-6[(497.0±41.2)ng/L, F=63.50, P<0.0001]in macrophages at the protein level.Compared with lipopolysaccharide stimulation alone, the combination of lipopolysaccharide and WISP2 further significantly up-regulated the mRNA expression of chemokines Mcp1(106.8±8.7, 118.7±4.6, F=251.5, P<0.0001)and Ccl3(35.3±12.5, 116.4±4.5, F=160.1, P<0.0001). Conclusions:The adipokine WISP2 can promote M1 macrophage polarization in palmitic acid and lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammation, and it had distinct regulation in macrophage polarization under different inflammatory response conditions.

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