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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 872-876, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013552

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To explore the effects of narrative pharmacy management on medication compliance, negative emotions, and quality of life in patients with cardiovascular disease complicated with negative emotions. METHODS A total of 49 patients with drug use problems and negative emotions attending the cardiovascular pharmacy clinic of Wuhan First Hospital from February to August 2023 were selected as the study objects, narrative pharmacy model was applied for patient management during their visits; pharmaceutical care and emotional management were performed after 2 weeks of treatment and a follow-up visit was conducted to evaluate and record the management effect one month later. RESULTS Adopting a narrative pharmacy management model, 49 patients were involved in 114 drug related consultation questions. Compared with the visit, after one month of management, the number of medication types taken by patients significantly decreased [4.00 (2.00, 6.00) vs. 3.00 (1.50, 5.00), P<0.05], the incidence of adverse reactions significantly decreased (32.65% vs. 2.04%, P<0.001), the rate of blood pressure and lipid compliance significantly increased (30.61% vs. 95.92%, P<0.001), and the score of the patient’s medication compliance significantly improved ([ 3.94±2.44) vs. (6.78±2.07), P<0.01]. The depression score significantly decreased [3.00 (2.00, 4.50) vs. 2.00 (0.00, 3.00), P<0.001], the anxiety score significantly reduced [3.00 (2.00, 4.50) vs. 1.00 (0.00, 2.00), P<0.001], quality of life score was significantly improved [22.00 (19.00, 22.00) vs. 23.00 (23.00, 24.50), P<0.01]. In the satisfaction survey, there was a slight increase in the overall satisfaction proportion (91.84% vs. 97.96%, P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS The application of narrative pharmacy in cardiovascular pharmacy clinic can improve patient compliance, reduce adverse drug reactions, enhance the effectiveness of drug treatment, avoid drug interactions, effectively improve the anxiety and depression, and ultimately improve the quality of life.

2.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 203-208, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970848

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To retrospectively analyze efficacy of single structure internal fixation and double structure internal fixation in the treatment of ipsilateral femoral shaft and neck fracture, and analyze their indications.@*METHODS@#From June 2015 to December 2020, 21 patients with ipsilateral femoral shaft and femoral neck fracture were treated, including 14 males and 7 females, aged 23 to 69 years old with an average of(38.1±12.9) years old. According to different femoral shaft fracture sites, some patients were fixed with cephalomedullary implant for both femoral neck and the femoral shaft(single structure, InterTan or PFNA Ⅱ), some patients were fixed with cannulated screws for the femoral neck and a retrograde locking nail for the femoral shaft (dual structure), and postoperative function and complications were recorded during follow-up. In 10 cases of single-structure fixation, the femoral necks were all basicervical fractures, and the femoral shaft fractures were located in the proximal isthmus;11 cases were double-structure fixation, 9 cases in 11 were basal type of femoral neck, 2 cases in 11 were neck type, and the femoral shaft fractures were located in the isthmus and the distal isthmus.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 12 to 27 months. No femoral head necrosis, deformity, delay or nonunion occurred in the patients with single-structure fixation, and no delayed union or nonunion occurred in femoral shaft fractures;At the final follow-up, Harris score of patients with single-structure fixation was 91.8±4.1, with 8 cases were excellent and 2 cases were good. The fractures of patients with dual-structure fixation achieved good union without femoral head necrosis, except 1 case of femoral shaft fracture had delayed union;At the final follow-up, Harris score of patients with dual-structure fixation was 92.4±5.9, 7 cases were excellent, 3 cases were good, and 1 case was fair.@*CONCLUSION@#Good reduction and fixation is the key to the treatment of such fractures. Both the single-structure fixation and the dual-structure fixation are good methods, and it should be selected according to the locations of femoral shaft and femoral neck fractures. Single-structure fixation is a good choice for femoral shaft fractures located at the proximal isthmus and basal femoral neck fractures. For isthmus and distal femoral shaft fractures combined with ipsilateral femoral neck fractures, dual-structure fixation is recommended.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Femur Neck , Retrospective Studies , Femoral Neck Fractures/complications , Femoral Fractures/complications , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Femoral Fractures, Distal , Treatment Outcome , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/methods
3.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1362-1366, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996992

ABSTRACT

@#We reported a 26-year-old male who was diagnosed with apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with left ventricular aneurysm. The location of the hypertrophic myocardium and the extent of resection were accurately assessed preoperatively using 3D modeling and printing technology. Myectomy was performed via transapical approach, and the intraoperative exploration was consistent with the description of the preoperative 3D modeling. The patient underwent the surgery successfully without any complications during the hospitalization, and the cardiopulmonary bypass time was 117 min, the aortic cross-clamping time was 57 min, and the hospital stay time was 7 d. The postoperative echocardiography demonstrated left ventricular cavity flow patency. This case provides a reference for the management of patients with apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

4.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1102-1111, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996863

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the surgical strategies and clinical efficacy of transmitral septal myectomy in the treatment of recurrent left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) after alcohol septal ablation. Methods    The clinical data of patients with recurrent LVOTO after alcohol septal ablation from July 2020 to July 2021 in the Department of Cardiac Surgery, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were preoperatively evaluated by echocardiography, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, cardiac computed tomography, 3D modeling and printing technology. A personalized surgical strategy was preoperatively developed according to multimodality imaging assessment, while visual exploration was performed on the digital model and simulated surgical resection was performed on the printed model. Results     Two female patients were enrolled, aged 62 years and 64 years, respectively. Totally endoscopic transmitral extended myectomy was successfully performed on both patients with aortic cross-clamping time of 96 min and 85 min, respectively. LVOTO was relieved immediately (subaortic peak pressure gradient decreased from 100 mm Hg to 4 mm Hg and from 84 mm Hg to 6 mm Hg, respectively) and the mitral regurgitation significantly improved after the procedure. No patient had complete atrioventricular block or required permanent pacemaker implantation. The patients were discharged uneventfully without postoperative complications. Conclusion    Personalized totally endoscopic transmitral extended myectomy combined with multimodality imaging assessment and 3D modeling and printing has an acceptable clinical effect in patients with recurrent LVOTO after alcohol septal ablation. The procedure can precisely resect the hypertrophic septal myocardium while avoiding serious complications such as septal perforation or complete atrioventricular block.

5.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 130-135, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994455

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between food-specific IgG (sIgG) antibodies and phenotypes of chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) .Methods:Serum samples were collected from outpatients with active CSU, symptomatic dermographism (SD) , or acute urticaria (AU) , and healthy controls from 5 third-grade class-A hospitals such as the First Hospital of China Medical University between April 2014 and March 2015. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was conducted to detect serum levels of 90 food-sIgG antibodies and total IgE, Western blot analysis to detect levels of 20 allergen-specific IgE antibodies, and chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay to detect levels of anti-thyroid peroxidase IgG antibodies and anti-thyroglobulin IgG antibodies. Comparisons of normally distributed quantitative data between two groups and among several groups were performed by t test and one-way analysis of variance, respectively; comparisons of non-normally distributed quantitative data between two groups were performed by Mann-Whitney U test; for comparisons of proportions, chi-square test and Fisher′s exact test were used. Results:A total of 248 patients with CSU, 22 with SD, 15 with AU and 13 healthy controls were recruited. The cut-off level for sIgG positivity was 100 U/ml (at least 2+) , and the positive rate of food-sIgG antibodies was slightly higher in the patients with CSU (176/248, 70.97%) , SD (15/22, 68.18%) and AU (11/15) than in the healthy controls (7/13; χ2 = 1.80, P = 0.615) . Among the 248 CSU patients, the proportion of patients with family history of allergic diseases was significantly higher in the sIgG-positive group (71/176, 40.34%) than in the sIgG-negative group (19/72, 26.39%; χ2 = 4.30, P = 0.042) , while no significant difference was observed in the 1-day urticaria activity score (UASday) between the two groups ( Z = 0.18, P = 0.859) . Totally, 177 CSU patients completed 12- to 40-week treatment; their condition could be completely controlled by second-generation H1-antihistamines, and there was no significant difference in the required dosage of second-generation H1-antihistamines between the sIgG-positive group (128 cases) and sIgG-negative group (49 cases; Z = -1.06, P = 0.298) . Conclusions:The prevalence of family history of allergic diseases was relatively high in food-sIgG-positive patients with CSU. However, food-sIgG could not be used as an indicator to reflect the disease activity of CSU and treatment response.

6.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 401-408, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993104

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects and mechanisms of copper transporter 1 (CTR1) in radiation induced intestinal injury in vitro. Methods:Human small intestinal epithelial cells (HIEC) were irradiated with 2, 4, 6, 8 Gy of X-rays and rat intestinal epithelial cells (IEC-6) were irradiated with 5, 10, 15, 20 Gy of X-rays. At 2, 4, 8, 24, and 48 h after irradiation, the expression of CTR1 was detected by Western blot assay. In some experiments, HIEC and IEC-6 cells were transfected with CTR1 shRNA and then exposed to X-rays. Copper levels were detected by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS). The radiosensitivity of cells was verified by colonogenic assay, the cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) level and DNA damage were detected to further explore the related mechanism. In addition, Western blot was applied to detect the expressions of antioxidants and cuproptosis associated proteins in enterocytes after silencing CTR1 or irradiation.Results:The expression of CTR1 was increased by X-ray irradiation in a dose-dependent manner ( t=3.53, 3.45, 6.37, 11.11, 11.13, P<0.05). CTR1 expression was successfully diminished by CTR1 shRNA adenovirus vectors. According to the survival curves, the enhancement ratios of the radiosensitivity of HIEC and IEC-6 cells with CTR1 knocking-down were 1.146 and 1.201, respectively. Radiation-induced copper accumulation was alleviated after CTR1 silencing in IEC-6 cells ( t=3.10, P<0.05). At 0.5 h after irradiation, the ROS production in the CTR1 knockdown group was significantly lower than that in the control group ( t=5.23, 2.96, P<0.05). At 1 h after irradiation, the protein expression of γ-H2AX in the CTR1 knockdown group was obviously lower than that in the control group ( t=7.50, 4.29, P<0.05). The expressions of Nrf2 and HO-1 were increased after irradiation, which could be further increased after CTR1 silencing. In addition, cuproptosis associated protein DLAT, LIAS and FDX1 were reduced post-irradiation, which were recovered after CTR1 silencing. Conclusions:The radioresistance of HIEC and IEC-6 cells was enhanced after CTR1 silencing, possibly through the intracellular ROS and cuproptosis pathway.

7.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1739-1746, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990400

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the current situation of knowledge, attitude and practice about target temperature management (TTM) in patients with severe traumatic brain injury (STBI) among intensive care unit ICU nurses and analyze the influencing factors, so as to provide a reference for conducting ICU nurses′ TTM training for patients with STBI.Methods:Applying the method of cross-sectional study, from November to December 2022, a stratified whole-group sampling method was used, stratified by first-, second-, and third-level hospitals, and a self-designed questionnaire on the current status of ICU nurses′TTM for patients with STBI was used to investigate the current status of knowledge, attitude, and practice of neurosurgical ICU, emergency ICU, and comprehensive ICU nurses in 22 second- and third-level hospitals in 11 cities in Gansu Province, and multiple linear regression analysis was used to analyze the factors influencing ICU nurses′ knowledge, attitude, and practice scores.Results:A total of 543 valid questionnaires were returned, and the scores of ICU nurses on the TTM total score, knowledge, attitude and practice dimensions of STBI patients were (76.75 ± 10.42), (7.38 ± 2.74), (39.57 ± 4.87), (29.80 ± 7.18) points respectively. The results of multiple linear regression analysis showed that the factor influencing ICU nurses′ scores on the TTM knowledge dimension for STBI patients was having attended TTM-related training ( t = 2.16, P<0.05); the factors influencing ICU nurses′ scores on the TTM attitude dimension for STBI patients were college, bachelor′s degree and the position of nurse practitioner ( t = 2.65, 2.91, 2.14, all P<0.05); and the factors influencing ICU nurses′ scores on the TTM practice dimension for STBI patients were the age group of 36 to 45 years old, the department having TTM-related criteria and having knowledge of TTM-related guidelines ( t = -2.46, 2.64, 3.85, all P<0.05). Conclusions:ICU nurses have a more positive attitude toward TTM in patients with STBI, but the level of knowledge and practice needs to be improved. Managers should conduct relevant training according to the current situation and influencing factors to improve ICU nurses′ knowledge and practice of TTM in patients with STBI, ensuring the effectiveness and safety of TTM.

8.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 475-481, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990205

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically integrate the attitudes and experiences of medical staffs towards the family presence during resuscitation and provide a reference for the development of family presence during resuscitation clinical practice in China.Methods:To search PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, The Cochrane Library, CINAHL, CNKI, CBM and Wanfang database for qualitative studies on medical staff's attitudes and experiences of family presence during resuscitation since its inception to August 2022. The quality of the literature was evaluated using the Australian JBI Centre for Evidence-Based Health Care (2017) quality assessment criteria for qualitative studies, which were integrated using a pooled integration approach.Results:A total of 12 papers were included to distil the findings of 74 studies, which were summarized to form 10 new categories and 4 consolidated findings including medical staffs′ attitudes towards and reasons for family presence during resuscitation, the impact of family presence during resuscitation on the resuscitation team, the impact of family presence during resuscitation on patients and families, and the real-life dilemmas and recommendations for medical staffs to allow family presence during resuscitation.Conclusions:We should pay attention to the difficulties and needs of family presence during resuscitation by medical staff, take into account the medical context in China, and improve the humanistic care system in our hospitals by considering hospital management, clinical practice, and the demands of patients and their families, in order to improve the accessibility of family presence during resuscitation by the medical staff.

9.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1165-1173, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013792

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the potential mechanism of Dangshen Pingfei Huoxue decoction (DPHD) in the treatment of pulmonary fibrosis. Methods The common targets of DPHD and pulmonary fibrosis were obtained. Cytoscape software was used to construct " disease-drug-ingredients-targets " network diagram, and the common targets were imported into the STRING database for protein-protein interaction (PPI) analysis to screen out the core targets. In order to screen out key signaling pathways, the core genes were inputted into the DAVID platform for gene ontology (GO) and kyoto encyclopedia of genes genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis. Then the molecular docking technology was used to verify the molecular docking between the core components and the key proteins in the signaling pathway. Finally, the molecular docking technology was used to verify the results of network pharmacology. Results A total of 176 active ingredients were obtained, and the top 5 was quercetin, kaempferol, luteolin, naringenin and p-sitosterol, respectively. A total of 116 common targets were obtained. A total of 21 core targets were finally obtained by PPI screening, and the top 5 was AKT1, CCND1, CASP3, MYC and IL1B, respectively. The results of GO enrichment analysis showed that DPHD was mainly involved biological processes of oxidative stress, proliferation and differentiation, transcriptional regulation, drug response and inflammatory response. The results of KEGG enrichment analysis indicated that the mainly signaling pathways included PI3K/Akt, MAPK, cellular senescence, AMPK, and TGF-beta. Molecular docking results showed that the binding energies of the top 5 active components of DPHD and the top 5 core targets were all less than-6.0 kcal • mo

10.
Annals of Dermatology ; : S112-S116, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976646

ABSTRACT

Creeping hair is a rare condition characterized by creeping eruption with a black line at the advancing end, mimicking cutaneous larva migrans. The condition is also referred to as cutaneous pili migrans, migrating hair, and embedded hair. A total of 52 cases have been reported since 1957 and most cases were published in English. Herein, we report a case in which creeping hair occurred in the iliac region and review the literature from 1957 to February 2021. A 35-year-old Chinese female presented with a black moving linear eruption that had migrated from the lower abdomen to the iliac region without causing any symptoms during a 3-year period. Cutaneous examination showed a 6.5-cm-long black linear lesion beneath the skin that was revealed to be a hair shaft. After removal of the hair, the eruption diminished and no recurrence occurred in 3 months of follow-up. The creeping hair that had migrated with its lower end forward was confirmed by observation under dematoscopy and light microscopy. A review of the literature revealed that creeping hair occurs most frequently in young and middle-aged patients and the reported cases are mainly from Asia. The top locations involve the foot. The causative hair includes head hair, beard, pubic hair, body hair, and one case of dog hair. A closeup examination and dermoscopic inspection are helpful for the diagnosis of creeping hair.

11.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 2454-2456, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003840

ABSTRACT

This article highlighted the invaluable expertise of Academician TONG Xiaolin in managing severe cases of COVID-19, thereby providing ideas for the treatment of severe and critically ill patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection by integrating traditional Chinese and western medicine. It is believed that COVID-19 belongs to the “cold dampness epidemic” in traditional Chinese medicine, which is caused by pathogenic qi of cold and dampness. The course of the disease can be divided into four stages: constraint, block, collapse, and deficiency, and the severe cases are mainly in the block and collapse stages. The pathogenesis at the block stage is described as epidemic toxins blocking the lung, which should be treated by diffusing the lung and unblocking the bowels, resolving phlegm and unblocking collaterals. The primary formula used is Zilong Xuanbai Chengqi Decoction (子龙宣白承气汤) with modifications based on individual condition. The pathogenesis at the collapse stage is described as internal block and external collapse, which should be treated by restoring yang to save from collapse, boosting qi to relieve collapse, diffusing the lung and unblocking the bowels, resolving phlegm and unblocking collaterals, usually with the formula Poge Zilong Xuanbai Chengqi Decoction (破格子龙宣白承气汤) with modifications.

12.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 214-219, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970183

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the early effect of thoracoscopic trans-mitral myectomy for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy patients with left midventricular obstruction. Methods: From April 2020 to July 2021, 10 hypertrophic cardiomyopathy patients with left midventricular obstruction underwent thoracoscopic trans-mitral myectomy at Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital. The whole group of patients consisted of 7 males and 3 females aged (52.0±16.4) years (range: 18 to 68 years). The EuroSCORE Ⅱ predicted mortality rate was 1.78% (1.20%) (M(IQR)) (range: 0.96% to 4.86%). The clinical data were collected and analyzed retrospectively to evaluate the clinical efficacy by comparing preoperative and postoperative echocardiographic parameters using paired t-test, paired Wilcoxon test or Fisher exact test, including left ventricular outflow tract peak pressure gradient, maximum interventricular septum thickness, systolic anterior motion of the anterior mitral leaflet and so on. The safety was determined by summarizing the incidence of perioperative and follow-up complications. Results: All the procedures successed with no conversion to median sternotomy, septal defect, ventricular rupture. There was no in-hospital 30-day death, neither serious complications like permanent pacemaker implantation, re-sternotomy for bleeding, low cardiac output syndrome, stroke, or multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. The left ventricular outflow tract obstruction was effectively relieved in all patients expect a patient developed residual obstruction. Compared with that of pre-operation, the thickness of the interventricular septum was significantly reduced from (22.1±4.0) mm to (10.3±1.7) mm (t=10.693, P<0.01), while the left ventricular outflow tract peak pressure gradient was significantly reduced from (81.7±21.1) mmHg to 12.3 (11.5) mmHg (Z=-2.805, P<0.01) (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa). Conclusion: Thoracoscopic trans-mitral myectomy is an effective and safe procedure for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy patients with left midventricular obstruction.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Echocardiography , Treatment Outcome , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/complications , Ventricular Septum
13.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 54-60, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970173

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the clinical efficacy of myectomy guided by personalized three-dimensional reconstruction and printing for patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Methods: The clinical data of 28 patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, who underwent septal myectomy guided by personalized three-dimensional reconstruction and printing in the Department of Cardiaovascular Surgery, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital from May 2020 to December 2021, were retrospectively analyzed. There were 14 males and 14 females, aging (51.1±14.0) years (range: 18 to 72 years). Enhanced cardiac computed tomography images were imported into Mimics software for preoperative three-dimensional reconstruction. The direction of the short axial plane of each segment was marked perpendicularly to the interventricular septum on the long axial plane of the digital cardiac model, then the thickness was measured on each short axial plane. A figurative digital model was used to determine the extent of resection and to visualize mitral valve and papillary muscle abnormalities. Correlation between the length, width, thickness, and volume of the predicted resected myocardium and those of the surgically resected myocardium was assessed by Pearson correlation analysis or Spearman correlation analysis. The accuracy of detecting mitral valve and papillary muscle abnormalities of transthoracic echocardiography and three-dimensional reconstruction was also compared. Results: There was no death or serious complications like permanent pacemaker implantation, re-sternotomy for bleeding, low cardiac output syndrome, stroke, or multiple organ dysfunction syndromes in the whole group. Namely, the obstruction of the left ventricular outflow tract was effectively relieved. The systolic anterior motion of the anterior mitral valve leaflet was absent in all patients after myectomy. The length, width, and thickness of the predicted resected myocardium by three-dimensional reconstruction were significantly positively correlated with the length (R=0.65, 95%CI: 0.37 to 0.82, P<0.01), width (R=0.39, 95%CI: 0.02 to 0.67, P<0.01), and thickness (R=0.82, 95%CI: 0.65 to 0.92, P<0.01) of the surgically resected myocardium, while the relation of the volume of the predicted resected myocardium and the volume of the surgically resected myocardium was a strong positive correlation (R=0.88, 95%CI: 0.76 to 0.94, P<0.01). Importantly, the interventricular septal myocardial thickness measured by preoperative transthoracic echocardiography showed a moderate positive correlation with the volume of surgically resected myocardium (R=0.52, 95%CI: 0.19 to 0.75, P<0.01). During a follow-up of (14.4±6.8) months (range: 3 to 22 months), no death occurred, and 1 patient was readmitted for endocardial radiofrequency ablation due to atrial fibrillation. Conclusion: Personalized three-dimensional reconstruction and printing can not only visualize the intracardiac structure but also guide septal myectomy by predicting the thickness, volume, and extent of resected myocardium to achieve ideal resection.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/diagnosis , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Ventricular Septum
14.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 129-137, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969815

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of ubiquitin mutation at position 331 of tumor necrosis factor receptor related factor 6 (TRAF6) on the biological characteristics of colorectal cancer cells and its mechanism. Methods: lentivirus wild type (pCDH-3×FLAG-TRAF6) and mutation (pCDH-3×FLAG-TRAF6-331mut) of TRAF6 gene expression plasmid with green fluorescent protein tag were used to infect colorectal cancer cells SW480 and HCT116, respectively. The infection was observed by fluorescence microscope, and the expressions of TRAF6 and TRAF6-331mut in cells was detected by western blot. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) and plate cloning test were used to detect the proliferation ability of colorectal cancer cells in TRAF6 group and TRAF6-331mut group, cell scratch test to detect cell migration, Transwell chamber test to detect cell migration and invasion, immunoprecipitation to detect the ubiquitination of TRAF6 and TRAF6-331mut with ubiquitinof lysine binding sites K48 and K63. Western blot was used to detect the effects of TRAF6 and TRAF6-331mut over expression on the nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) and mitogen activated protein kinase mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/activating protein-1(AP-1) signal pathway. Results: The successful infection of colorectal cancer cells was observed under fluorescence microscope. Western blot detection showed that TRAF6 and TRAF6-331mut were successfully expressed in colorectal cancer cells. The results of CCK-8 assay showed that on the fourth day, the absorbance values of HCT116 and SW480 cells in TRAF6-331mut group were 1.89±0.39 and 1.88±0.24 respectively, which were lower than those in TRAF6 group (2.09±0.12 and 2.17±0.45, P=0.036 and P=0.011, respectively). The results of plate colony formation assay showed that the number of clones of HCT116 and SW480 cells in TRAF6-331mut group was 120±14 and 85±14 respectively, which was lower than those in TRAF6 group (190±21 and 125±13, P=0.001 and P=0.002, respectively). The results of cell scratch test showed that after 48 hours, the percentage of wound healing distance of HCT116 and SW480 cells in TRAF6-331mut group was (31±12)% and (33±14)%, respectively, which was lower than those in TRAF6 group [(43±13)% and (43±7)%, P=0.005 and 0.009, respectively]. The results of Transwell migration assay showed that the migration numbers of HCT116 and SW480 cells in TRAF6-331mut group were significantly lower than those in TRAF6 group (P<0.001 and P<0.002, respectively). The results of Transwell invasion assay showed that the number of membrane penetration of HCT116 and SW480 cells in TRAF6-331mut group was significantly lower than those in TRAF6 group (P=0.008 and P=0.009, respectively). The results of immunoprecipitation detection showed that the ubiquitin protein of K48 chain pulled by TRAF6-331mut was lower than that of wild type TRAF6 in 293T cells co-transfected with K48 (0.57±0.19), and the ubiquitin protein of K63 chain pulled down by TRAF6-331mut in 293T cells co-transfected with K63 was lower than that of wild type TRAF6 (0.89±0.08, P<0.001). Western blot assay showed that the protein expression levels of NF-κB, p-NF-κB and p-AP-1 in TRAF6-331mut-HCT116 cells were 0.63±0.08, 0.42±0.08 and 0.60±0.07 respectively, which were lower than those in TRAF6-HCT116 cells (P=0.002, P<0.001 and P<0.001, respectively). The expression level of AP-1 protein in TRAF6-HCT116 cells was 0.89±0.06, compared with that in TRAF6-HCT116 cells. The difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). The protein expression levels of NF-κB, p-NF-κB and p-AP-1 in TRAF6-331mut-SW480 cells were 0.50±0.06, 0.51±0.04, 0.48±0.02, respectively, which were lower than those in TRAF6-SW480 cells (all P<0.001). There was no significant difference in AP-1 protein expression between TRAF6-331mut-SW480 cells and TRAF6-SW480 cells. Conclusion: The ubiquitin site mutation of TRAF6 gene at 331 may prevent the binding of TRAF6 and ubiquitin lysine sites K48 and K63, and then affect the expressions of proteins related to downstream NF-κB and MAPK/AP-1 signal pathways, and inhibit the proliferation, migration and invasion of colorectal cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Lysine/metabolism , NF-kappa B/metabolism , TNF Receptor-Associated Factor 6/metabolism , Transcription Factor AP-1/metabolism , Ubiquitin/metabolism
15.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 349-354, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969641

ABSTRACT

Background Aedes albopictus is the dominant mosquito species in residential areas in Shanghai. There are many types of small containers with accumulated water in residential areas, providing a large number of breeding environments for Aedes alpopicuts and leading to an increasing transmission risk of mosquito-borne diseases. Objective To use random forest to predict breeding of Aedes mosquitoes in small aquatic container habitat in two concentrated reconstruction communities of rural areas in Shanghai, and to understand associated influence of environmental factors on the breeding of Aedes mosquitoes in the process of urbanization.Methods Small-scale habitat surveys of Aedes mosquitoes were carried out in two suburb concentrated reconstruction communities (Community A and B) in Shanghai, and the environment where the habitat was located was recorded and analyzed in both communities. The habitat where eggs, larvae, or pupae were found was recorded as positive. Spatial weight matrix was applied on a household basis, and global Moran's I index was used to carry out spatial autocorrelation analysis on the small-scale habitat and positive habitat in the environment of the two communities. When Moran's I is greater than 0, it means that the data present a positive spatial correlation; when Moran's I is less than 0, it means that the data are spatially negatively correlated; when Moran's I is 0, the spatial distribution is random. Combining the results of P and Z values, we explored the spatial distribution characteristics of small-scale habitat and positive habitat in the community environment. Random forest algorithm in machine learning was used to classify and sort environmental-related factors, and predict the breeding of Aedes mosquitoes in small aquatic habitat; receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to carry out model fitting evaluation. Results The environmental factors including building location (χ2=23.35, P<0.001), open space (χ2=8.83, P=0.003), and having trees (χ2=11.02, P=0.001) had a significant impact on the positive rate of small-scale habitat. The results of spatial characteristics analysis showed that the global Moran's I index of small-scale habitat was −0.092 (Z=−1.09, P=0.274) in Community A and 0.034 (Z=0.52, P=0.602) in Community B, and the global Moran's I index of positive habitat was −0.092 (Z=−1.14, P=0.255) in Community A and 0.070 (Z=0.95, P=0.342) in Community B. Since the P values of Community A and B were greater than 0.1 and the Z values were between −1.65 and 1.65, for both small-scale habitat and positive habitat the spatial characteristics were randomly distributed and no significant spatial aggregation was found. In the fitted random forest algorithm classification prediction model with the top 10 characteristic factors of importance, the area under curve (AUC) value was 0.95, and the prediction fitting effect was satisfactory. The results of classification and sorting indicated that counts of household small-scale habitat and positive habitat were the most important factors for breeding. Conclusion The random forest model constructed by environmental factor indicators can be used to predict the breeding situation of Aedes mosquitoes in small-scale aquatic habitat, and provide a basis for scientific prevention and control of mosquito breeding for the target area.

16.
Chinese Journal of Biologicals ; (12): 172-177, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965870

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To evaluate the effects of various polysorbates(PS)on the stability of different types of monoclonal antibody(mAb)drugs.Methods Three types of monoclonal antibodies mAbA(IgG1 proantibody drug),mAbB(IgG1 mAb)and mAbC(IgG1 mAb with Fc N297A mutation)were used as model proteins,and different kinds or contents of PS were added into the mAb formulations respectively to investigate the influencing factors.The effects of PS on the stability of mAb drugs were evaluated comprehensively by detecting the changes of quality attributes,such as protein aggregates and insoluble particles.Results PS20 and PS80 showed no significant difference in inhibiting the formation of aggregates and charge variants in the three mAbs(P>0.05),while the addition of PS80 in mAbB and PS20 in mAbC significantly inhibited the increase of insoluble particles respectively(P<0.05);The content of PS20 showed a significant effect on the detection indexes of charge variants and insoluble particles in mAbC(P<0.05).Conclusion Different types of mAbs have different sensitivities to various kinds and contents of PS.Therefore,when designing the formulation of mAbs,it is necessary to select appropriate kinds and contents of PS to further improve the stability of mAb drugs.

17.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 656-662, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981913

ABSTRACT

Remodeling of the mitochondrial network is an important process in the maintenance of cellular homeostasis and is closely related to mitochondrial function. Interactions between the biogenesis of new mitochondria and the clearance of damaged mitochondria (mitophagy) is an important manifestation of mitochondrial network remodeling. Mitochondrial fission and fusion act as a bridge between biogenesis and mitophagy. In recent years, the importance of these processes has been described in a variety of tissues and cell types and under a variety of conditions. For example, robust remodeling of the mitochondrial network has been reported during the polarization and effector function of macrophages. Previous studies have also revealed the important role of mitochondrial morphological structure and metabolic changes in regulating the function of macrophages. Therefore, the processes that regulate remodeling of the mitochondrial network also play a crucial role in the immune response of macrophages. In this paper, we focus on the molecular mechanisms of mitochondrial regeneration, fission, fusion, and mitophagy in the process of mitochondrial network remodeling, and integrate these mechanisms to investigate their biological roles in macrophage polarization, inflammasome activation, and efferocytosis.


Subject(s)
Mitochondria , Mitophagy , Homeostasis/physiology , Phagocytosis , Macrophages/metabolism
18.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 537-542, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986886

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the influential factors associated with functional status of those patients who undertook a full-endoscopic lumbar discectomy operation.@*METHODS@#A prospective study was conducted. A total of 96 patients who undertook a full-endoscopic lumbar discectomy operation and met inclusive criteria were enrolled in the study. The postoperative follow-up was held 1 month, 3 months and 6 months after operation. The self-developed record file was used to collect the patient's information and medical history. Visual analogue scale (VAS) score, Oswestry disability index (ODI) score, Gene-ralised anxiety disorder-7 (GAD-7) scale score and patient health questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) scale score were applied to measure pain intensity, functional status, anxiety status and depression status. Repeated measurement analysis of variance was used to explore the ODI score 1 month, 3 months and 6 months after operation. Multiple linear regression was recruited to illuminate the influential factors associated with functional status after the operation. Logistic regression was employed to explore the independent risk factors related to return to work 6 months after operation.@*RESULTS@#The postoperative functional status of the patients improved gradually. The functional status of the patients 1 month, 3 months and 6 months after operation were highly positively correlated with the current average pain intensity. The factors influencing the postoperative functional status of the patients were different according to the recovery stage. One month and 3 months after operation, the factors influencing the postoperative functional status were the current average pain intensity; 6 months after operation, the factors influencing the postoperative functional status included the current average pain intensity, preoperative average pain intensity, gender and educational level. The risk factors influencing return to work 6 months after operation included women, young age, preoperative depression status and high average pain intensity 3 months after operation.@*CONCLUSION@#It is feasible to treat chronic low back pain with full-endoscopic lumbar discectomy operation. In the process of postoperative functional status recovery, medical staffs should not only take analgesic mea-sures to reduce the pain intensity experienced by the patients, but also pay attention to the impact of psychosocial factors on the recovery. Women, young age, preoperative depression status, and high average pain intensity 3 months after operation may delay return to work after the operation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/etiology , Prospective Studies , Functional Status , Treatment Outcome , Diskectomy/adverse effects , Endoscopy , Pain , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Retrospective Studies
19.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 899-904, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985610

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the knowledge, attitude, and current status of vaccination of herpes zoster vaccination among urban residents aged 25 years and above in China. Methods: In August to October 2022, a convenience sampling method was used to survey residents aged 25 years and above at 36 community centers in 9 cities across China. Questionnaires were used to collect basic information, knowledge, and attitude toward herpes zoster and its vaccination, as well as vaccination status and reasons for non-vaccination among residents. Results: A total of 2 864 urban residents were included in the study. The total score of residents' cognition of herpes zoster and its vaccine was 3.01±2.08, and the total score of their attitude was 18.25±2.76. Factors such as being male (β=-0.45, P<0.001), older than 40-59 years (β=-0.34, P=0.023) or ≥60 years (β=-0.68, P<0.001), married (β=-0.69, P=0.002) were negatively associated with knowledge score. The educational level of high school or secondary school (β=0.44, P=0.036), college (β=0.65, P=0.006), bachelor's degree and above (β=1.20, P<0.001), annual net household income ≥120 000 Yuan in 2021 (β=0.42, P=0.020), having urban employee medical insurance (β=0.62, P=0.030), having public or commercial medical insurance (β=0.65, P=0.033), and having a history of chickenpox (β=0.29, P=0.025) were positively associated with knowledge scores. Being male (β=-0.38, P=0.008) and not remembering a history of chickenpox (β=-0.49, P=0.012) were negatively associated with attitude scores. Annual net household income in 2021 was between 40 000-80 000 Yuan (β=0.44, P=0.032) or between 80 000-120 000 Yuan (β=0.62, P=0.002) or ≥120 000 Yuan (β=0.93, P<0.001), and a history of herpes zoster (β=0.59, P=0.004) were positively associated with attitude scores. Of the 2 864 residents surveyed, only 29 (1.01%) had received the herpes zoster vaccine, with a vaccination rate of 1.70% for those aged 50 years and above, with the main reason for non-vaccination being lack of knowledge about the herpes zoster vaccine, followed by the high price. 42.67% of the population said they would consider getting the herpes zoster vaccine in the future. Conclusion: Low knowledge of herpes zoster and its vaccine, positive attitudes towards the preventive effects of herpes zoster and its vaccine, and extremely low vaccination rates among the urban population in China call for multiple measures to strengthen health education and vaccination recommendations for residents, especially for the elderly, low-education and low-income populations.


Subject(s)
Aged , Male , Humans , Female , Herpes Zoster Vaccine , Chickenpox , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Urban Population , Herpes Zoster/prevention & control , China
20.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 521-525, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984684

ABSTRACT

Objectives: This study sought to describe our institutional experience of repeated percutaneous stellate ganglion blockade (R-SGB) as a treatment option for drug-refractory electrical storm in patients with nonischemic cardiomyopathy (NICM). Methods: This prospective observational study included 8 consecutive NICM patients who had drug-refractory electrical storm and underwent R-SGB between June 1, 2021 and January 31, 2022. Lidocaine (5 ml, 1%) was injected in the vicinity of the left stellate ganglion under the guidance of ultrasound, once per day for 7 days. Data including clinical characteristics, immediate and long-term outcomes, and procedure related complications were collected. Results: The mean age was (51.5±13.6) years. All patients were male. 5 patients were diagnosed as dilated cardiomyopathy, 2 patients as arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy and 1 patient as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. The left ventricular ejection fraction was 37.8%±6.6%. After the treatment of R-SGB, 6 (75%) patients were free of electrical storm. 24 hours Holter monitoring showed significant reduction in ventricular tachycardia (VT) episodes from 43.0 (13.3, 276.3) to 1.0 (0.3, 34.0) on the first day following R-SGB (P<0.05) and 0.5 (0.0, 19.3) after whole R-SGB process (P<0.05). There were no procedure-related major complications. The mean follow-up was (4.8±1.1) months, and the median time of recurrent VT was 2 months. Conclusion: Minimally invasive R-SGB is a safe and effective method to treat electrical storm in patients with NICM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Female , Stroke Volume , Stellate Ganglion/surgery , Ventricular Function, Left , Cardiomyopathies/complications , Tachycardia, Ventricular/therapy , Treatment Outcome , Catheter Ablation
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