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1.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 227-231, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006120

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To analyze the clinical characteristics and prognostic differences between type Ⅰ and type Ⅱ papillary renal cell carcinoma (PRCC), and identify the prognosis-related independent predictors. 【Methods】 A total of 143 PRCC patients treated during Jan.2012 and Dec.2019 were involved, including 91 type Ⅰ patients and 52 type Ⅱ patients. The prognostic factors were analyzed with univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis. The differences in cancer-specific survival (CSS) between the two groups were analyzed with Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test. 【Results】 The patients’ age was 53.41±13.50 years. After a mean follow-up of 63.27±26.20 months, 14 patients died, and the overall CSS was 90.2%. The prognosis of type Ⅰ patients was better than type Ⅱ patients (94.5% vs. 82.7%, P=0.020). Cox regression suggested that PRCC subtype and stage were significantly associated with prognosis. There was no difference in prognosis between type Ⅰ and type Ⅱ patients in T1/T2 subgroup (P>0.05). However, in T3/T4 subgroup, type Ⅰ patients had a significant better prognosis than type Ⅱ patients (P=0.023), while the above trends were not observed in G1/G2 and G3/G4 subgroups (P>0.05). 【Conclusion】 PRCC subtype and stage are independent prognostic predictors. The impact of PRCC subtype on prognosis is mainly manifested in the subgroup of patients with T3 or higher stage.

2.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 704-710, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958567

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical value of peripheral remnant lipoproteins (RLP), low density lipoprotein cholesterol particle (LDL-P) and sdLDL particle (sdLDL-P) measurement in the diagnosis of carotid plaque, so as to provide practical basis for the accurate diagnosis of carotid plaque and the control of carotid plaque related cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.Methods:People who underwent carotid plaque ultrasound examination in Xingtai Third Hospital , from January 2020 to June 2021 were selected as the research object. According to the ultrasound results, they were divided into carotid plaque group ( n=146) and control group without carotid plaque ( n=149). The fasting RLP, LDL-P and sdLDL-P of the two groups were measured by vertical auto profile (VAP) centrifugal separation phase, and the fasting TG and LDL-C were detected by routine mixed phase method. The indexes were compared between the two groups and the true positive rate, true negative rate, false positive rate and false negative rate of the diagnosis of carotid plaque were analyzed. The receiver operating characteristic curve of each test index was drawn, and AUC was used to evaluate the clinical diagnostic value of each test index for carotid plaque. Results:The levels of RLP, LDL-P and sdLDL-P in carotid plaque group were significantly higher than those in non-carotid plaque group ([1.07±0.36] mmol/L vs [0.59±0.17] mmol/L,[1 300±370] nmol/L vs [781±215] nmol/L,[435±139] nmol/L vs [156±59] nmol/L, all P<0.01). The true positive rate (78.08% [114/146],81.51% [119/146]) and true negative rate (84.56% [126/149], 86.58%[129/149]) of serum RLP and LDL-P for the diagnosis of carotid plaque were significantly higher than TG (58.90%[86/146], 43.62%[65/149]) and LDL-C (59.59% [87/146], 46.98% [70/149]), and the false positive rate (15.44% [23/149], 13.42% [20/149]) and false negative rate (21.92% [32/146], 18.49% [27/146]) were significantly lower than TG (56.38% [84/149], 41.10% [60/146]) and LDL-C (53.02% [79/149], 40.41% [59/146], all P<0.01). The AUC of the ROC curve of RLP (0.890), LDL-P (0.902) and sdLDL-P (0.973) for the diagnosis of carotid plaque was higher than TG (0.682) and LDL-C (0.712). The AUC of ROC curve of the RLP combined with sdLDL-P (0.977) for the diagnosis of carotid plaque was higher than the RLP and sdLDL-P (all P<0.01). Conclusion:The serum RLP, LDL-P and sdLDL-P can be used as indicators of carotid plaque, and their clinical diagnostic value are superior to TG and LDL-C; the combined diagnostic effect of lipoprotein subclass is better than that of single index alone.

3.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 751-757, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993915

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility of deep learning technology for renal artery recognition in retroperitoneal laparoscopic renal surgery videos.Methods:From January 2020 to July 2021, the video data of 87 cases of laparoscopic retroperitoneal nephrectomy, including radical nephrectomy, partial nephrectomy, and hemiurorectomy, were retrospectively analyzed. Two urological surgeons screened video clips containing renal arteries. After frame extraction, annotation, review, and proofreading, the labeled targets were divided into training set and test set by the random number table in a ratio of 4∶1. The training set was used to train the neural network model. The test set was used to test the ability of the neural network to identify the renal artery in scenes with different difficulties, which was uniformly transmitted to the YOLOv3 convolutional neural network model for training. According to the opinion of two senior doctors, the test set was divided into high, medium, and low discrimination of renal artery and surrounding tissue. High identification means a clean renal artery and a large exposed area. For middle recognition degree, the renal artery had a certain degree of blood immersion, and the exposed area was medium. Low identification means that the exposed area of the renal artery was small, often located at the edge of the lens, and the blood immersion was severe, which may lead to lens blurring. In the surgical video, the annotator annotated the renal artery truth box frame by frame. After normalization and preprocessing, all images were input into the neural network model for training. The neural network output the renal artery prediction box, and if the overlap ratio (IOU) with the true value box was higher than the set threshold, it was judged that the prediction was correct. The neural network test results of the test set were recorded, and the sensitivity and accuracy were calculated according to IOU.Results:In the training set, 1 149 targets of 13 videos had high recognition degree, 1 891 targets of 17 videos had medium recognition degree, and 349 targets of 18 videos had low recognition degree. In the test set, 267 targets in 9 videos had high recognition degree, 519 targets in 11 videos had medium recognition degree, and 349 targets in 18 videos had low recognition degree. When the IOU threshold was 0.1, the sensitivity and accuracy were 52.78% and 82.50%, respectively. When the IOU threshold was 0.5, the sensitivity and accuracy were 37.80% and 59.10%, respectively. When the IOU threshold was 0.1, the sensitivity and accuracy of high, medium and low recognition groups were 89.14% and 87.82%, 45.86% and 78.03%, 32.95%, and 76.67%, respectively. The frame rate of the YOLOv3 algorithm in real-time surgery video was ≥15 frames/second. The false detection rate and missed detection rate of neural network for renal artery identification in laparoscopic renal surgery video were 47.22% and 17.49%, respectively (IOU=0.1). The leading causes of false detection were similar tissue and reflective light. The main reasons for missed detection were image blurring, blood dipping, dark light, fascia interference, or instrument occlusion, etc.Conclusions:Deep learning-based renal artery recognition technology is feasible. It may assist the surgeon in quickly identifying and protecting the renal artery during the operation and improving the safety of surgery.

4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 381-384, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885026

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and efficacy of domestic Kangduo robotic surgery system in adrenalectomy.Methods:This study summarized the clinical data of patients with adrenal adenoma who were operated by domestic kangduo robot from November 2020 to April 2021. This study was approved by the hospital ethics committee, and the clinical trials of medical devices were filed. Inclusion criteria: age 18-75 years old; all of them in accordance with the indication of adrenalectomy; tumor volume≤6 cm; agree to sign the informed consent, follow the doctor's advice and follow up regularly. Exclusion criteria: patients with ipsilateral upper abdominal surgery history; patients with severe uncontrolled disease or acute infection; patients with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, blood system diseases and immune system diseases that are not controlled and can not reach the operation standard; pregnant or lactating women. All patients underwent robot assisted adrenalectomy. The general information and perioperative data of the patients were summarized.Results:Five patients were included in this study, including 1 male and 4 female. The average age was 49 (34-61)years old. There were 2 cases on the left and 3 cases on the right. The average diameter of tumor was 2.2 (1.1-3.7) cm. All patients showed adenoma by CT examination. Two cases were diagnosed as primary aldosteronism, one as Cushing's syndrome, and two as nonfunctional adenoma. All the operations were successfully completed in 5 cases, including 4 cases via retroperitoneal approach and 1 case via peritoneal approach. The average docking time was 3.8 (3-6) min, the average operation time was 56.2 (21-92) min, and the average blood loss was 34 (20-50) ml. The postoperative pathology was adrenal cortical adenoma. The average postoperative hospital stay was 3.6 (3-5) days. No postoperative complications occurred in 5 cases. Two patients with primary aldosteronism had hypertension and hypokalemia before operation, and they needed oral antihypertensive drugs to control them. They did not need medication after operation, and their blood pressure and potassium were maintained at normal levels. All patients were followed up for average 1.5(0.5-5.0)months.Conclusions:Domestic robot assisted laparoscopic adrenalectomy has the advantages of few blood loss, short operation time, few complications. It’s a safe and effective operation, but the conclusion needs to be further verified by large sample and multi-center study.

5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 246-251, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884998

ABSTRACT

Objective:To present the learning curve of robotic assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy by a single surgeon.Methods:The clinical data of 100 patients with renal tumor who underwent robot assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from February 2016 to April 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 64 males and 36 females. The average age was 51.5(18-79) years. The average body mass index (BMI) was 24.9(19-31)kg/m 2. TNM stage was T 1N 0M 0, which indicated partial nephrectomy. The tumors were located on the left in 38 cases and on the right in 62 cases. The average maximum diameter of tumor was 3.9(1.0-6.7) cm, and the average R. E.N.A.L. score was 6.7(4-11). All operations were performed by a single surgeon. This group of operations were the first 100 robot cases for this surgeon. The mean machines docking time was 14(10-30) min, the mean operation time was 119.2(60-240) min, the mean warm ischemia time was 16.7(0-45) min, and the estimated mean blood loss was 105.2(30-500) ml. There was no conversion to open surgery or laparoscopic radical nephrectomy. No serious complications occurred (Dindo calvein grade ≥ grade Ⅲ). There were 1 case of lower extremity intramuscular venous thrombosis, 1 case of urinary fistula, 1 case of pulmonary infection and 1 case of peri-kidney hematoma after operation. All patients were cured after conservative treatment without further operation or intervention. Cumulative Sum (CUSUM) test was used to fit the learning curve of docking time and operation time, and to judge the three different learning stages of robot surgery according to the inflection of the curve (CUSUM stop rising, and CUSUM begin to decline). The characteristics of patients and perioperative data of different learning stages were compared. Result:According to the CUSUM, the learning curve of robot assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy was 19 cases. According to the inflection point of operation time learning curve, 100 cases could be divided into three stages, 1st-19th cases were learning stage, 20th-43rd cases were mastering stage and 44th-100th cases are proficient stage. There were no significant differences in age, gender, tumor side, intraoperative bleeding volume, postoperative pathological type, total cost of hospitalization and incidence of complications among the three stages ( P>0.05). The median BMI in the learning stage was significantly lower than that in the mastery stage and the proficiency stage (23 kg/m 2, 26 kg/m 2, 25 kg/m 2, P=0.02). The median docking time(20 min, 12 min, 12 min), median operation time (150 min, 120 min, 100 min) and median warm ischemia time (21 min, 18 min, 15 min)were gradually shortened in the learning stage, mastering stage and proficient stage ( P<0.001). The median length of postoperative hospital stay in mastering stage and proficient stage was shorter than that in learning stage (7 d, 6 d, 6 d, P=0.011). The median maximum diameter of tumor (3.7 cm, 3.9 cm, 4.0 cm)and median R. E.N.A.L. score (6, 7, 7)increased gradually in learning stage, mastering stage and proficient stage, but the difference was not statistically significant( P=0.75, P=0.16). Conclusions:The learning curve of robotic assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for an experienced surgeon is about 19 cases. After the completion of the learning curve, the docking time, operation time, warm ischemia time and postoperative hospital stay of patients can be significantly shortened than the initial period, and more difficult renal tumor operations can be accomplished.

6.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 561-567, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826965

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#In recent years, the technique of uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery has been developed. As a new surgical method, its feasibility and safety have not been generally recognized. The aim of this study is to review the technology in the treatment of lung cancer patients in stage I to part of stage IIIa.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of patients accepted thoracoscopic resection of lung cancer by a same medical group from May 2018 to March 2019 in The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University were retrospectively analyzed. After remove of cases that did not meet the requirements, the patients were divided into uniportal group (55 cases) and biportal group (87 cases). The clinical data of the two groups were collected and statistically analyzed.@*RESULTS@#All the 142 patients underwent lobectomy and systemic lymph node dissection. There is no perioperative death in both groups. There was no significant difference in age, location of tumors, pathological type, size of tumors and pathological tumor-node-metastasis (pTNM) staging between uniportal group and biportal group (P>0.05). The operation time [(167.65±43.85) min vs (181.71±51.28) min], the intraoperative bleeding volume [(57.45±50.19) mL vs (87.47±132.54) mL], the indwelling time of drainage tube [(4.82±2.82) d vs (5.84±3.43) d] and the hospital stay [(6.91±3.88) d vs (7.74±3.87) d] were less in uiportal group compared to biportal group, though no significant difference occurred (P>0.05 ). The total drainage volume of uniportal group was significantly lower than that of biportal group [(1,064.82±776.38) mL vs (1,658.71±1,722.38) mL], and the visual analogue score of 24 hours and 72 hours after operation [(4.73±0.73) points vs (5.25±0.74) points; (2.16±0.71) points vs (2.55±0.86) points] were lower in uniportal group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic radical resection of lung cancer is safe and feasible for stage I to part of stage IIIa lung cancer patients.

7.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 354-357, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755115

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the efficacy and safety of radiofrequency ablation combined with splenectomy in treatment of primary liver cancer with liver cirrhosis and hypersplenism.Methods Thirty patients with hepatocellular carcinoma complicated with liver cirrhosis and hypersplenism were treated in Fuyang People's Hospital from January 2016 to December 2017.These patients were randomly divided into the observation group (n =15) and the control group (n =15).Surgical liver resection combined with splenectomy was performed in the control group,and radiofrequency ablation combined with splenectomy was performed in the observation group.The time of thermal ischemia,operation time,intraoperative blood loss,blood transfusion volume,length of hospital stay,platelet level and liver function 1 week after surgery,and the incidences of postoperative complications and the overall survival rates 2 years after surgery were compared between the two groups.Results The operation times of the observation group and the control group were (89.1 ± 18.4 vs.118.9 ± 33.6) rin,blood loss (228.4 ± 120.5 vs.362.2 ± 159.5) ml,blood transfusion (192.3±112.4 vs.503.8±196.2) ml,and length of hospital stay (13.5±6.0 vs.21.9±11.6) d (all P<0.05).After a week of operation,the indicators in the observation group were significantly better than the control group (all P<0.05).The postoperative two-years complication rate in the observation group was 13.3%,which was significantly lower than the control group (46.7%,P<0.05).There was no significant difference in the survival rates between the two groups two years after surgery.Conclusions Radiofrequency ablation combined with splenectomy for treatment of liver cancer with cirrhosis and hypersplenism effectively reduced postoperative complications,preserved liver function,increased platelet levels,improved hypersplenism,and was safer.It is a surgical method worthy of generalization.

8.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 267-271, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745582

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical characteristics for hypertensive attack during operation and clinical experience of preoperative evaluation and preparation in patients with pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma(PHEO/PGL).Methods A total 219 PHEO/PGL cases from September 2016 to September 2018 were retrospectively reviewed.It included 99 males and 120 females,aged 13 to 76 (average 47) years old.The mean diameter of tumor was 5.3 cm (1.5-18.0 cm).140 cases were unilateral PHEO,6 cases were bilateral PHEO,68 cases were PGL(jugular,mediaphragm,heart,retroperitoneum,pelvic and bladder) and 5 cases were PHEO combined with PGL.Preoperative highest systolic blood pressure (SBP)was 240 mmHg(1 mmHg-0.133 kPa) and highest diastolic blood pressure (DBP) was 160 mmHg.20 cases were occult PHEO without hypertension.217 cases accepted preoperative preparation of alpha-blocker [phenoxy-benzamine,dosage ranging from 5 mg Q12h to 40 mg Q8h,maximum dosage not exceeding 1 mg/(kg· 24 h)].2 cases did not accept preoperative preparation.All cases accepted open or endoscope surgery.The patients were divided into 2 groups depending on the presence or absence of hypertensive attack at the time of surgery.Patient demographic characteristics and preoperative evaluations were assessed for their prognostic relevance with respect to hypertensive attack.Results Histopathological results showed that all cases were PHEO or PGL,while 205 cases were benign,14 cases were malignant.Hypertensive attack were recorded in 112 cases(51%).The diameter of tumors in the hypertensive attack group were larger than that in the non-hypertensive attack group[(6.70 ± 2.95)cm vs.(3.95 ± 1.70) cm,P =0.005].There was no significant difference between the two groups among age [(51.0 ± 10.8) years vs.(38.5 ± 17.6) years,P =0.105],preoperative catecholamine level [norepinephrine (111.20 ± 41.49) μg/24 h vs.(419.15 ± 154.81) μg/24 h,P =0.075],time of use of alpha blockers [(53.0 ± 7.5) d vs.(38.0 ± 6.4) d,P =0.139],daily dosage of alpha blocker [(40.0 ±7.2)mg vs.(27.1 ± 1.8) mg,P =0.111] and blood pressure at diagnosis[(173.75 ± 26.69) mmHg vs.(155.0 ± 20.75) mmHg,P =0.139].Among 219 cases,2 case had emergency hemostasis after operation,1 case had catecholamine cardiomyopathy after operation for occult pheochromocytoma,and no perioperative death occurred.Conclusions Patients with large tumor tend to have hypertensive attack during operation so that should be better prepared.

9.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 832-834, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709606

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the incidence rate of prostate cancer detected in the specimen of radial cystoprostatectomy for bladder cancer and to evaluate its effect on the prognosis.Methods From June 2012 to June 2017,the clinical data of 132 patients with bladder cancer undergoing radical cystectomy (RCP) were analyzed retrospectively.The average age of 132 patients with bladder cancer was 61.2 years (37-89 years old).The serum of PSA of 89 cases out of 132 patients was examined before operation,21 cases 4 ng/ml < tPSA < 10 ng/ml,1 case tPSA 17 ng/ml and 67 cases tPSA < 4 ng/ml.The pathology of bladder and prostate,the location and range of prostate cancer and Gleason score and the prognostic effect of prostate cancer was evaluated.Results The 132 patients with bladder cancer,116 cases (87.9%) were high grade urothelial carcinoma,8 cases (6.0%) were bladder carcinoma in situ,6 cases (4.5%) were low grade urothelial carcinoma,1 case was neuroendocrine bladder carcinoma and 1 case was signet ring cell carcinoma.The 21 cases of prostate cancer were combined with Gleason score,among which 3 + 2 score in 1 cases,3 +3 score in 17 cases,4 +3 and 3 +4 in 1 cases,and 4 +5 score in 1 cases.The lesions were unilateral in 14 cases and bilateral in 7 cases.The lesions were <0.5 ml in 3 cases,0.5-0.7 ml in 14 cases and 0.7-1.0 ml in 4 cases.The average age of 21 cases with prostate cancer was 67.5 years old (41-89 years).Of the 21 cases of prostate cancer,the serum tPSA was abnormal in 4 cases with an average of 8.8 ng/ml (4.2-17.0 ng/ml),the serum tPSA was normal in 12 cases with an average of 2.5 ng/ml (1.3-3.7 ng/ml),and the serum PSA in 5 cases was not detected before operation.Three cases of prostate cancer aged less than 60 years old with the detection rate of 9.6% (3/31);18 cases were equal or older than 60 years old with the detection rate of 17.8% (18/101).Multi parameter analysis showed that the incidence of prostate cancer increased with the age of the patients (OR =1.36,P =0.048).Followed up for 5 to 51 months,no PSA relapse was found and no patient receiving related treatment.Conclusions The detection rate of prostate cancer is very high in the specimen of radial cystoprostatectomy for bladder cancer.The clinical manifestation of the prostatic involvement is concealed.Radical resection of the prostate is necessary in radical resection of bladder cancer.

10.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 268-271, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512164

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the surgical treatment of severe ectopic adrenocorticotrophic hormone(ACTH) syndrome.Methods The clinical data of 12 cases of severe ecotopic ACTH syndrome from January 1996 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed.The cases include 7 males and 5 females with a mean age 38 years(range 11 to 64 years).12 cases demonstrated typical Cushing syndrome(CS),accompanied by hypertension, diabetes, hypokalemia and severe osteoporosis.9 cases were complicated with thoracolumbar compression fractures.8 cases presented with pulmonary infection and fever during operation.7 cases had cardiac dysfunction.Laboratory tests showed elevated serum cortisol(695.0 ~ 1 661.5 nmol/L,mean 1 055.7 nmol/L), high urinary free cortisol excretion (807.3 ~ 28 240.0 nmol/24 h, mean 5 270.5 nmol/24h)and high ACTH plasma levels(16.5 ~ 273.9 pmol/L, mean 80.4 pmol/L).Source of ectopic ATCH were not identified and CT showed bilateral enlargement of adrenal in 12 patients.Results We performed emergency bilateral or unilateral adrenalectomy in 12 cases.Among them, one-stage bilateral adrenalectomy were given to 6 cases, staged bilateral adrenalectomy was performed in 3 cases, and unilateral adrenalectomy were given to 3 cases.The patients were treated with hormone replacement therapy after bilateral adrenalectomy.The excised adrenal gland showed diffuse thickening and multiple nodular.Pathological diagnosis were adrenal cortical hyperplasia.They have been followed up for 1 to 8years(median 2.5 years), 9 cases survived, 2 cases died of diabetes and severe pulmonary infection, and 1 case was lost to follow-up.Conclusions Severe ectopic ACTH syndrome is difficult to treat.Emergency adrenalectomy is effective for the management of severe ectopic ACTH syndrome especially for those patients with severe Cushing syndrome but primary tumor can not be located.

11.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 652-656, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617225

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigation the diagnosis and treatment of ectopic adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) syndrome.Methods: The clinical characters of 57 cases of ecotopic ACTH syndrome from Jan.1996 to Dec.2016 were collected and analyzed.The 57 cases included 32 males and 25 females.The age ranged from 11 to 68 years (average 32 years).ACTH levels significantly increased from 16.5 to 365.6 pmol/L, with average 77.6 pmol/L (normal range <10.1 pmol/L).The pituitary MRI did not found lesions.The CT showed that their bilateral adrenal glands diffused small nodular changes or nodular hyperplasia.The 57 cases were divided into 3 groups according to different treatment options.In the study, 25 ectopic ACTH syndrome cases (44%) were group A, without identified source of ectopic hormone, were treated with bilateral or unilateral adrenalectomy due to the severity of the disease and difficulty of operation.Group B was composed of 16 cases (28%) diagnosed as ectopic ACTH syndrome by finding ectopic ACTH tumors and surgical resection.Group C included 16 cases (28%) with nonsurgical therapy.Different treatment results and prognosis were analyzed.Results: In the study, 40 cases of the 57 had been followed up for 6 months to 10 years.In group A, of the 25 cases with bilateral or unilateral adrenalectomy, 4 died of diabetes and severe pulmonary infection, 18 survived, and 3 were lost to the follow-up, and the survival rate was 81% (18/22).In group B, of the 16 cases with radical tumor resection, 5 died of tumor recurrence 0.5-6.0 years after operation, 3 survived, and 8 were lost to the follow-up, and the survival rate was 37.5% (3/8).In group C, of the 16 non-operation patients, 4 with radiotherapy and chemotherapy died of metastases, diabetes or pulmonary infection, 6 with chemotherapy died of pulmonary infection within 1 year and the others were lost to the follow-up, and the survival rate was 0.Conclusion: Ectopic ACTH syndrome is difficult to treat.Adrenalectomy is effective for the management of ectopic ACTH syndrome, especially for those patients with severe Cushing''s syndrome, but the primary tumor can not be located.

12.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 745-748, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502448

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical and pathological characters of Xp1 1.2 translocation renal cell carcinoma.Method We screened patients of renal cell carcinoma of PUMCH between Jan.2011 and Dec.2015,6 patients with Xp11.2 translocation renal cell carcinoma were found.There were 2 males and 4 females,with average age of 39 (ranging from 16 to 73 years old).Diameter of tumor ranged from 1.9cm to 19.0cm,and 9.6cra in average.Among which,3 cases were detected by routine physical examination,1 by severe anemia (Hb 66g/L),1 by gross hematuria,and 1 by flank discomfort.Before treatment,2 cases had local metastasis (local lymph node,renal pelvis invasion),1 had distant metastasis (pulmonary metastasis).CT examination showed that the tumors had soft tissue density / low density,with significant enhancment or uneven enhancement in enhanced scanning,and were all considered malignancy.6 patients were all treated with surgeries,of which 5 patients received radical nephrectomy,1 patient received nephron sparing surgery.Result Pathologically,most clear cells arranged in a papillary,nest like structure,with psaamoma bodies in them.Immunohistochemical examination showed that all patients were positive for TFE3.AE1/AE3,RCC,Vimentin,CD10,EMA,P504 were positive in different degree.According to pathological result,all 6 patients were proved to be Xp1 1.2 translocation renal cell carcinoma.After surgery,2 patients received immunotherapy,2 received targeted drug therapy,and 1 received local radiotherapy.The follow-up duration ranged from 9 to 56 months (average 37 months).Among which,1 patient died from tumor recurrence and multiple metastasis 22 months after surgery,1 had pulmonary metastasis 12 months after surgery,and the tumor had no significant progress after receiving targeted drug therapy.All the other patients survive without tumor recurrence.Conclusions Xp1 1.2 translocation renal cell carcinoma predominantly occurs in children and adults younger than 40 years.Arterial phase enhancement is slightly lower for Xp1 1.2 translocation renal cell carcinoma in CT scan than that of renal clear cell carcinoma.Histological features and immunohistochemical staining of TFE3 positive expression are important means of diagnosis of this disease.If necessary,gene detection could be done to make better diagnose.Surgery is preferred treatment option.Metastatic leads to poor prognosis,and need to be supplemented by targeted drug therapy.

13.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 594-597, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501942

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the efficacy and safety of 1.9 μm thulium laser with transurethral resection of bladder tumor(TURBT) for the treatment of superficial bladder cancer.Methods We reviewed 53 patients with superficial bladder cancer,who were divided into 1.9 μm laser (n =25) and TURBT groups (n =28) from January 2013 to December 2015.The operation time,blood loss volume in operation,catheter indwelling time,hospital stay time,and complications,cumulative recurrence rate were compared between the two groups.Results Compared to TURBT group,1.9 μm laser group showed significantly lower rate of blood loss volume in operation (21.6 ± 4.6) min,catheter indwelling time (22.4 ± 6.4) h,hospital stay time (2.2 ± 0.7) d,less complications (12%)and recurrence(16%) (P < 0.05).Conclusions 1.9 μm thulium laser is safe and effective for the treatment of patients with superficial bladder cancer.The approach has less complications than TURBT.

14.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 587-589,封3, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-605368

ABSTRACT

Objective To improve the experience of diagnosis and evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of the surgical management for ureteral fibroepithelial polyp.Methods The clinical date of 29 patients with ureteral polyps admitted in Peking Union Medical College Hospital during 2001 to 2014 were analysed retrospectively.The patients' age was between 1 1 to 84 years and 19 were male.Twenty patients with frank pain and two patients with hematuria were enrolled.Seven patients were found hydronephrosis.Results Twenty-nine cases were treated surgically.Fifteen cases were treated by ureteroscopic laser ablation,10 cases local resection and reanastomosis,1 case of abnormalities duplex kidney and ureter underwent local resection and ureteroplasty,2 case Partial ureterectomy including the polyps and pyeloplasty,1 cases nephroureterectomy because of giant hydronephrosis and nonfunctional kidney.No recurrences were seen during a mean follow-up of 32 months (range 10-56 mos).No ureteral stricture occurs.Conclusions Ureteral fibroepithelial polyps represent a rare pathology.Local resection is the main treatment.Endoscopic management is recommended to minimize morbidity and complications in treatment of ureteral fibroepithelial polyps.Recurrences seem to be rare in these tumors.

15.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 581-584,585, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603160

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Aims To design and fabricate the 3 D cell cultural microfluidic chip for tumor cell culturing, with which to research the compatible conditions for gelatin forming and dissolving with calcium alginate as the scaffolds. To culture SMMC-7721 cells in the chip and to detect the surviving rate. Methods The microfluid-ic chip was fabricated with the software Corel Draw, the technology of soft lithography, molding, and plas-ma bonding. The applicability was tested and cells were cultured on it, on which the cell status was ob-served, their surviving rate was calculated with the help of the software IPP. Results The chip we fabri-cate was calculated is suitable for cell 3D culturing, the tumor cells showed a favorable proliferation ability in 72 h on chip, the surviving rate was ( 96. 1 ± 4. 5)%. The cells were solid and TCS appeared. Con-clusion The microfluidic chip manufactured appeared for tumor cell 3D culture, is suitable for the growth of SMMC-7721 and the cells are indubitable. They show some different status in proliferative and agminated compared with traditional 2D cell culture. With the chip and the condition found, there will be a better way to study the characteristics of tumor cells and is beneficial to the screen of anti-tumor drugs.

16.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3255-3257, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-500977

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To analyze the effect of daptomycin on methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus(MRSA)infection patients with diabetic foot (DF). METHODS:179 patients with type 2 DF complicating with MRSA were randomly divided into daptomycin group (90 cases) and vancomycin group (89 cases),and both groups were included infection group. 80 DF patients without MRSA infection were included in non-infection group. All of them received DF routine treatment ;daptomycin group was additionally given intravenous injection of daptomycin 4 mg/kg,once a day,for 2 weeks;vancomycin group was additionally giv-en intravenous injection of vancomycin 4 mg/kg,once a day,for 2 weeks. RESULTS:After treatment,IL-6,IL-8,MMP-2 and MMP-9 of infection group were significantly decreased,while TIMP-1 levels increased significantly,with statistical significance, compared to before treatment (P<0.05). The effective rate of daptomycin group was 94.4%,which was significantly higher than that of vancomycin group(71.9%),with statistical significance(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS:Daptomycin can effectively improve the inflammatory status in patients with DF complicated with MRSA infection,to restore the MMPs/TIMPs balance.

17.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 771-774, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-336684

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<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare clinical outcomes of three dimensional (3D) and traditional two dimentional (2D) laparoscopic pyeloplasty for ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data on 31 patients who underwent retroperitoneoscopic pyeloplasty for UPJO in Peking Union Medical Hospital from January 2013 to March 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 16 male and 15 female patients, and the age ranged from 21 to 42 years, mean (30 ± 6) years. The lesions of 20 cases were located on the left side and 11 cases on the right side. All cases were diagnosed as UPJO by B ultrasound and computed tomography urography (CTU). According to 3D or 2D laparoscopy, these patients were divided into two groups. The 3D laparoscopy group included 16 cases, who received 3D retroperitoneoscopic pyeloplasty. The 2D laparoscopy group included 15 cases, who received traditional 2D retroperitoneoscopic pyeloplasty. Demographic data (gender, age, laterality, body mass index), perioperative indexes and clinical outcomes (operative time, estimated blood loss , postoperative hospital stay, total hospitalization charge) were collected and compared between two groups.Numerical demographic and perioperative data were analyzed by using Student's t-test. Categorical data were compared using Pearson's Chi-square test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All operations were completed successfully without open convertion.In the 3D laparoscopy group operative time was significantly shorter than 2D laparoscopy group ((106 ± 16) minutes vs. (124 ± 24) minutes, t = 5.993, P = 0.021) . There were no significant difference between two groups on the estimated blood loss ((54 ± 14) ml vs. (57 ± 16) ml, t = 0.285, P = 0.598), postoperative hospital stay ((7.3 ± 0.7) days vs. (7.5 ± 0.6) days, t = 1.415, P = 0.244), incidence of postoperative complications (0/16 vs. 1/15, χ(2) = 1.102, P = 0.484) and total hospitalization charge ((25 687 ± 3 032) RMB vs. (25 426 ± 2 626) RMB, t = 0.065, P = 0.800) . All patients were followed up from 3 to 12 months (mean 6 months).Ureteropelvic junction stricture recurred in 2 cases respectively from 3D laparoscopic group and traditional laparoscopic group. Both were cured.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>3D laparoscopic pyeloplasty is safe and feasible. Compared with the traditional 2D laparoscopic technology, 3D laparoscopy technology reduces the operation difficulty and shortens the operative time.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Chi-Square Distribution , Hydronephrosis , General Surgery , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Kidney Pelvis , Laparoscopy , Methods , Length of Stay , Multicystic Dysplastic Kidney , General Surgery , Operative Time , Postoperative Complications , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Ureteral Obstruction , General Surgery , Urologic Surgical Procedures , Methods
18.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 616-620, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-457095

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the genetic mutations of succinate dehydrogenase B (SDHB),SDHC,SDHD,SDHAF2 and RET,VHL in hereditary pheochromocytoma (PHEO) paraganglioma (PGL) syndrome in order to analyze the relationship between the pathogenesis and SDHx mutations and DNA methylation.Methods SDH genes,VHL and RET were analyzed for germline mutations in 97 PHEOs/PGLs patients.Correlations were analyzed between the results and the clinical characteristics including age,tumor localization,multifocality,24 h urine CA,IGF and NSE.Direct DNA sequence analysis was carried out for SDHB (1q36.1-1q35,exons1-8),SDHC (1q21,exons 1-5),SDHD (11q23,exons 1-4),SDHAF2 (11q12.2,exons 1-4),RET (10q11.2,exons10,11,13,14&15,and 16) and VHL (3p25.3,exons 1-3) genes,and promoter region methylation of SDHB was detected in PHEO/PGL peripheral blood samples.Results Germinal mutations were found in 17 patients (17.5%),with 8 cases in RET proto-oncogene (8.2%),7 cases in SDHB genes (7.2%) and 2 cases in VHL gene (2.1%).The comparison of some of the clinical features in two groups (with and without promoter region methylation of SDHB) showed significant differences (P<0.01).Conclusions Genetic predisposition is frequent in chromaffin tissue tumors,indicating that DNA analysis is necessary.The mutation of SDHB is highly associated with abdominal PGL and the following distant metastasis (malignant PGL).

19.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 645-649, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-456975

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Objective To compare the clinical efficacy of laparoscopic radical nephrectomy for large renal cell carcinoma (>7 cm) between retroperitoneal approach and transperitoneal approach.Methods From Jan 2008 to Dec 2013,the data of 68 patients who underwent laparoscopic radical nephrectomy for large renal tumor(>7 cm) in our hospital were reviewed.There were 41 male patients and 27 female patients,whose age ranged from 43 to 73 (mean 58.4t6.9) years old.The size of tumor was between 7.0 to 12.5 cm (mean 8.9± 1.1 cm).Left renal tumor was found in 37 patients and right renal tumor in 31 patients.Clinical stages of the tumors were T2 to T3.All patients were undergone the laparoscopic radical nephrectomy,including retroperitoneal approach in 42 cases (observation group)and transperitoneal approach in 26 cases (control group).The exclusive criteria included inferior vena cava tumor thrombus,lymphatic or distant metastasis,previous operation history in the same region,multiple tumors.There were no significant differences in the age,gender,tumor size and location within two groups (P>0.05).The perioperative indexes and oncological outcomes,such as operation time,blood loss,incidence of blood transfusion,incidence of SIRS,postoperative hospital stay,complications and follow-up results,were collected and compared between two groups.Results Conversion occurred in two cases from observation group and one case from control group.Operative time in observation group was significantly shorter than that in control group (114.9±24.4 min vs.131.2±29.9 min,P<0.05).Bowel function recovered more rapidly in observation group than in control group (1.7±0.6 d vs.2.2±0.6 d,P<0.05).However,the estimated blood loss,the incidence of blood transfusion,the postoperative hospital stay,the incidence of SIRS and perioperative complications showed similar results in the 2 groups (P>0.05).The histopathological examination confirmed renal cell carcinoma in all cases.Observation group included 35 pT2 stage and 7 pT3a stage cases,while control group consisted of 21 pT2 stageand 5 pT3a stage cases.The follow-up duration ranged from 4 to 38 months (mean 17 months).Mean overall survival were 17.1 months in observation group and 18.7 months in control group.Progression free survival time was 15.7 months in observation group and 17.1 months in control group.Cox survival analysis showed that only pre-operative stage of the tumor were independent risk factor for the survival time (P=0.018) and progression free survival time (P=0.020),while the operative approach was not the independent risk factor (P=0.298,0.314).Conclusions For large renal tumors (>7 cm),laparoscopic radical nephrectomy was safe and feasible.Compared to the transperitoneal approach,retroperitoneal approach cost less operative time and faster bowel recovery.But the operation approach is not an independent risk factor for the survival time and progression free survival time.

20.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 753-756, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469868

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the safety and feasibility of transurethral resection of paragangliomas in urinary bladder.Methods Clinical data of 11 patients (5 males and 6 females) with paragangliomas in urinary bladder who underwent transurethral resection in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from June 2008 to February 2014 were analyzed retrospectively.The age ranged from 30 to 76 years (mean 54± 14 years).All cases were diagnosed as single primary tumor.The preoperative CT or MRI showed the tumors located in bladder wall.The diameter of tumors ranged from 0.9-3.0 cm (mean 1.9±0.8).Nine cases presented with hypertension after micturition and 2 cases presented with sustained hypertension.The tumors were localized by B ultrasound,enhanced CT or MRI.The diagnosis was confirmed by detection of 24 hours urinary catecholamine,Octreotide scanning or 131I-MIBG scanning.Transurethral resection of tumors was performed after pharmachological preperation.Eight cases underwent conventional transurethral electroresection and 3 cases underwent transurethral resection with 2 μm thulium laser.All cases were followed up every 3 to 6 months and 24 hours urinary catecholamine and CT scan were performed.Results All tumors were successfully resected without open conversion.The operative time was 20 to 45 min (mean 34±8 min).The estimated blood loss ranged from 10 to 100 ml (mean 27±26 ml).Fluctuation of blood pressure during operation occurred in 9 cases.The maximum systolic blood pressure during operation rised to 220 mmHg (1 mmHg =0.133 kPa) and sodium Nitroprusside was administed to control blood pressure.Blood pressure of all cases returned to normal after operation.No perioperative complications occurred.No recurrence was found during follow-up (3-58 months,mean 26 months).Conclusions For small localized paraganglioma (the diameter less than 3 cm) in urinary bladder,transurethral resection could be a safe and feasible choice of treatment.And 2 μm thulium laser resection has an advantage over conventional electroresection for tumors located in lateral bladder wall to avoid obturator nerve reflex.

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