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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1430-1438, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980942

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#This study aimed to develop a comprehensive instrument for evaluating and ranking clinical practice guidelines, named Scientific, Transparent and Applicable Rankings tool (STAR), and test its reliability, validity, and usability.@*METHODS@#This study set up a multidisciplinary working group including guideline methodologists, statisticians, journal editors, clinicians, and other experts. Scoping review, Delphi methods, and hierarchical analysis were used to develop the STAR tool. We evaluated the instrument's intrinsic and interrater reliability, content and criterion validity, and usability.@*RESULTS@#STAR contained 39 items grouped into 11 domains. The mean intrinsic reliability of the domains, indicated by Cronbach's α coefficient, was 0.588 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.414, 0.762). Interrater reliability as assessed with Cohen's kappa coefficient was 0.774 (95% CI: 0.740, 0.807) for methodological evaluators and 0.618 (95% CI: 0.587, 0.648) for clinical evaluators. The overall content validity index was 0.905. Pearson's r correlation for criterion validity was 0.885 (95% CI: 0.804, 0.932). The mean usability score of the items was 4.6 and the median time spent to evaluate each guideline was 20 min.@*CONCLUSION@#The instrument performed well in terms of reliability, validity, and efficiency, and can be used for comprehensively evaluating and ranking guidelines.


Subject(s)
Humans , Reproducibility of Results , Surveys and Questionnaires , Practice Guidelines as Topic
2.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 434-438, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995121

ABSTRACT

Placental and maternal-fetal circulation Doppler ultrasound are the main noninvasive means for maternal-fetal monitoring. However, Doppler studies on placental abnormalities are not well studied yet. Doppler monitoring of the maternal-fetal circulation, involving uterine arteries, umbilical arteries, and fetal vessels, is still used to screen diseases related to placental dysfunction (such as preeclampsia and fetal growth restriction) and to guide clinical management. This article reviews the advances in the clinical application of placental and maternal-fetal circulation Doppler in obstetrics to optimize the clinical management of disorders associated with abnormal placental structure and function.

3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 441-446, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927526

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Massive bleeding is the main concern for the management of placenta percreta (PP). Intra-abdominal aortic balloon occlusion (IABO) is one method for pelvic devascularization, but the efficacy of IABO is uncertain. This study aims to investigate the outcomes of IABO in PP patients.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data of PP cases from six tertiary centers in China between January 2011 and December 2015. PP cases with/without the use of IABO were analyzed. Propensity score matching analysis was performed to reduce the effect of selection bias. Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) and the rate of hysterectomy, as well as neonatal outcomes, were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#One hundred and thirty-two matched pairs of patients were included in the final analysis. Compared with the control group, maternal outcomes, including PPH (68.9% vs. 87.9%, χ2 = 13.984, P < 0.001), hysterectomy (8.3% vs. 65.2%, χ2 = 91.672, P < 0.001), and repeated surgery (1.5% vs. 12.1%, χ2 = 11.686, P = 0.001) were significantly reduced in the IABO group. For neonatal outcomes, Apgar scores at 1 minute (8.67 ± 1.79 vs. 8.53 ± 1.68, t = -0.638, P = 0.947) and 5 minutes (9.43 ± 1.55 vs. 9.53 ± 1.26, t = 0.566, P = 0.293) were not significantly different between the two groups.@*CONCLUSIONS@#IABO can significantly reduce blood loss, hysterectomies, and repeated surgeries. This procedure has not shown harmful effects on neonatal outcomes.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Aorta , Balloon Occlusion/methods , Blood Loss, Surgical , Hysterectomy , Placenta Accreta/surgery , Placenta Previa/surgery , Postpartum Hemorrhage , Retrospective Studies
4.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 836-842, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956698

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare oxytocin combined with ergometrine with oxytocin alone in terms of primary prophylaxis for postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) at the time of cesarean section (CS).Methods:This was a multicenter double-blind randomized controlled interventional study comparing ergometrine combined with oxytocin and oxytocin alone administered at CS. From December 2018 to November 2019, a total of 298 parturients were enrolled in 16 hospitals nationwide. They were randomly divided into experimental group (ergometrine intra-myometrial injection following oxytocin intravenously; 148 cases) and control group (oxytocin intra-myometrial injection following oxytocin intravenously; 150 cases) according to 1∶1 random allocation. The following indexes were compared between the two groups: (1) main index: blood loss 2 hours (h) after delivery; (2) secondary indicators: postpartum blood loss at 6 h and 24 h, placental retention time, incidence of PPH, the proportion of additional use of uterine contraction drugs, hemostatic drugs or other hemostatic measures at 2 h and 24 h after delivery, the proportion requiring blood transfusion, and the proportion of prolonged hospital stay due to poor uterine involution; (3) safety indicators: nausea, vomiting, dizziness and other adverse reactions, and blood pressure at each time point of administration.Results:(1) The blood loss at 2 h after delivery in the experimental group [(402±18) ml] was less than that in the control group [(505±18) ml], and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). (2) The blood loss at 6 h and 24 h after delivery in the experimental group were less than those in the control group, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). There were no significant differences between the two groups in the incidence of PPH, the proportion of additional use of uterine contraction drugs, hemostatic drugs or other hemostatic measures at 2 h and 24 h after delivery, the proportion requiring blood transfusion, and the proportion of prolonged hospital stay due to poor uterine involution (all P>0.05). (3) Adverse reactions occurred in 2 cases (1.4%, 2/148) in the experimental group and 1 case (0.7%, 1/150) in the control group. There was no significant difference between the two groups ( P>0.05). The systolic blood pressure within 2.0 h and diastolic blood pressure within 1.5 h of drug administration in the experimental group were higher than those in the control group, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05), but the blood pressure of the two groups were in the normal range. Conclusion:The use of ergometrine injection in CS could reduce the amount of PPH, which is safe and feasible.

5.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 65-70, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885517

ABSTRACT

Fetal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FAIT) is a severe perinatal complication, which can seriously affect fetal development, and may even lead to intrauterine hemorrhage and intrauterine death. There are controversies in the clinical diagnosis and treatment of the disease due to its low incidence and limited treatment experience. This paper reviews the progress to date in understanding the condition, incidence, screening of high-risk factors, prenatal and delivery management of FAIT based on domestic and foreign guidelines, in order to help obstetricians in the clinical management of FAIT.

6.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 27-32, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734237

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the risk factors and sonographic findings of pregnancies complicated by placenta increta or placenta percreta. Methods Totally, 2219 cases were retrospectively analyzed from 20 tertiary hospitals in China from January 2011 to December 2015. The data were collected based on the original case records. All cases were divided into two groups, the placenta increta (PI) group (79.1%, 1755/2219) and the placenta percreta (PP) group (20.9%, 464/2219), according to the degree of placental implantation. The risk factors and sonographic findings of placenta increta or percreta were analyzed by uni-factor and logistic regression statistic methods. Results The risk factors associated with the degree of placental implantation were age, gravida, previous abortion or miscarriage, previous cesarean sections, and placenta previa (all P<0.05), especially, previous cesarean sections (χ2=157.961) and placenta previa (χ2=91.759). Sonographic findings could be used to predict the degree of placental invasion especially the boundaries between placenta and uterine serosa, the boundary between placenta and myometrium, the disruption of the placental-uterine wall interface and loss of the normal retroplacental hypoechoic zone(all P<0.01). Conclusions Previous cesarean sections and placenta previa are the main independent risk factors associated with the degree of placenta implantation. Ultrasound could be used to make a prenatal suggestive diagnosis of placenta accreta spectrum disorders.

7.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 735-739, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796544

ABSTRACT

Placenta-mediated pregnancy complication (PMPC), including preeclampsia, fetal growth restriction and recurrent pregnancy loss, is caused by inadequate trophoblast invasion and abnormal remodeling of maternal spiral arteries in early pregnancy, resulting in adverse perinatal outcomes and affecting the long-term maternal and child health. However, the molecular mechanisms of PMPC remain unclear. Endocrine gland-derived vascular endothelial growth factor (EG-VEGF) is highly expressed in human placenta and plays an important role in the development of a normal placenta through promoting placental angiogenesis and inhibiting trophoblast migration and invasion. EG-VEGF dysregulation is closely related to the pathogenesis of PMPC. This review described recent advances in EG-VEGF for better understanding of the underlying mechanism of PMPC and providing a potential biomarker for early diagnosis of PMPC.

8.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 735-739, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791972

ABSTRACT

Placenta-mediated pregnancy complication (PMPC), including preeclampsia, fetal growth restriction and recurrent pregnancy loss, is caused by inadequate trophoblast invasion and abnormal remodeling of maternal spiral arteries in early pregnancy, resulting in adverse perinatal outcomes and affecting the long-term maternal and child health. However, the molecular mechanisms of PMPC remain unclear. Endocrine gland-derived vascular endothelial growth factor (EG-VEGF) is highly expressed in human placenta and plays an important role in the development of a normal placenta through promoting placental angiogenesis and inhibiting trophoblast migration and invasion. EG-VEGF dysregulation is closely related to the pathogenesis of PMPC. This review described recent advances in EG-VEGF for better understanding of the underlying mechanism of PMPC and providing a potential biomarker for early diagnosis of PMPC.

9.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 363-368, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754880

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the current status of uterine rupture in pregnant women in China and analyze the impacts of different surgical histories on the pregnancy outcomes of pregnant women with uterine rupture. Methods The clinical records and pregnancy outcomes of 84 uterine rupture cases were collected and analyzed retrospectively. All cases came from 21 hospitals of 13 provinces (or municipality) in China, dated from January 1st 2014 to December 31st 2015. The total deliveries were 283 614 during the period. For 84 pregnant women with symptomatic uterine rupture, the impacts of different surgical histories on pregnancy outcomes were compared and the results were statistically analyzed.Results (1) Totally, 84 cases of uterine rupture were with symptoms and diagnosed. The median age, median gestational age were 32.5 years old (23.0-44.0 years old) and 35.7 weeks (9.3-41.0 weeks), respectively. The incidence of uterine rupture was 0.03%(84/283 614). The proportion of patients with cesarean section history was 66.7% (56/84). The proportion of patients with other gynecological surgery history was 20.2%(17/84). (2)Compared with the group of cesarean section history, the group with other gynecological surgery history had a significant increase in complete uterine rupture (16/17 vs 66.1%, P<0.05). Meanwhile, regarding the massive blood transfusion (red blood cell transfusion≥1 000 ml) in the treatment of uterine rupture, patients with other gynecological surgery history had significant more cases than the group with cesarean section history (9/17 vs 23.2%, P<0.05). There was no statistical difference for the other outcomes. Compared with the patients with cesarean section history, the rate of hysterectomy was higher in the group without major surgery history when uterine rupture happened (4/11 vs 7.1%, P<0.05). The incidence of postpartum hemorrhage significantly increased in patients without major surgery history, compared with those with cesarean section (8/11 vs 28.6%, P<0.05). There were no statistic difference for other outcomes.(3) Patients with uterine rupture in the non-abdominal pain group had a significantly increased risk of massive blood transfusion (5/8 vs 27.6%, P<0.05),and the incidence of neonatal asphyxia and hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (4/7 vs 22.2%, P<0.05) were significantly increased. There were no significant difference between two groups regarding the other outcomes, such as preoperative diagnosis, complete rupture of uterus, hysterectomy, postpartum hemorrhage, shock, intrauterine fetal death or neonatal death, admission to neonatal ICU. Conclusions In addition to considering cesarean section history as one of the known risk factors, patients with non-cesarean section uterine surgery history should also be considered. The management of these patients should be strengthened during their pregnancy and delivery. There might be much more dangerous maternal and neonatal outcomes for the patients with uterine rupture who does not have any abdominal pain during pregnancy and delivery. To reduce the incidence of severe complications, uterine rupture should be diagnosed earlier. The early recognition and diagnosis of uterine rupture helps to improve maternal and neonatal outcomes.

10.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 1039-1046, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815136

ABSTRACT

To analyze the differentially expressed proteins which interacted with NF-kappaB in the uterine lower segment smooth muscle tissues under different status of labor onset, and to provide a new foundation on the mechanisms for labor onset.
 Methods: NF-κB P65 protein expression in smooth muscle tissues from the term non-labor group, natural term labor group and drug-induced term labor group was analyzed by Western blot. Co-immunoprecipitation and SDS-PAGE (sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis) were performed to detect the proteins interacting with NF-κB p65 in the NF-κB p65 complexes. The components of the complex were identified by LC-ESI-MS/MS (liquid chromatography-tandem electrospray mass spectrometry) and database analysis. The identified differentially expressed proteins were confirmed by Western blot.
 Results: Positive expression of NF-κB was detected in all of the three groups. 10 differentially expressed proteins were identified by LC-ESI-MS/MS in human lower segment myometrium tissues in the term non-labor group and natural term labor group, mean while, 5 differentially expressed proteins were identified in the term non-labor group and the drug-induced labor group. 3 differential expression proteins were detected in all of the 3 groups, including Heat shock 70, Annexin A6 and Desmin, which were verified by Western blot. These proteins were mainly involved in chaperone, signal transduction, cell structure, and energy metabolism process, respectively.
 Conclusion: NF-κB expressed in uterine smooth muscle cells is involved in the process of initiation and regulation of labor onset through a number of proteins relevant to signal transduction, cell structure and energy metabolism.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Blotting, Western , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Energy Metabolism , Genetics , Immunoprecipitation , Labor, Obstetric , Genetics , Molecular Chaperones , Genetics , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Myometrium , Physiology , NF-kappa B , Genetics , Physiology , Protein Interaction Mapping , Proteomics , Signal Transduction , Genetics , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Transcription Factor RelA
11.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 748-753, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815276

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To identify the screening time and prepare a screening schedule for outpatients with acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP).
@*METHODS@#AFLP patients who admitted to Xiangya Hospital and the Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Hunan, China between November, 2006 and December, 2013, were retrospectively studied. The diagnosis of 78 AFLP patients met the domestic clinical and laboratory criteria and the Swansea criteria. Clinical and laboratory data obtained on admission were used for analysis. Contrastive analysis was conducted within our data and other large medical centers or general hospitals. 
@*RESULTS@#The difference between domestic clinical and laboratory criteria and Swansea criteria in diagnosing AFLP patients in the 2 hospitals mentioned above was significant (P<0.05). The maternal mortality was 14.10% (11/78) and perinatal mortality was 17.95 % (14/78). The mean gestational age at delivery was 35.6 weeks. Based on the clinical and laboratory data, more than 85% of AFLP patients showed abnormal levels of transaminase, bilirubin, and white blood cells, as well as coagulation dysfunction. Gastrointestinal symptoms, such as abdominal pain and vomiting, jaundice, renal impairment and ascites or bright liver on ultrasound scan, were showed in 50%-85% of AFLP patients. Less than 50% of patients suffered from low blood sugar, high blood ammonia or hepatic encephalopathy.
@*CONCLUSION@#The 34th gestation week might be important time for screening AFLP outpatients. Gastrointestinal symptoms, blood routine, liver function, and coagulant function tests are recommended as the first grade screening indicators. Renal function, blood sugar test, and abdominal ultrasound could be the second grade screening indicators for AFLP outpatients.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , China , Fatty Liver , Diagnosis , Gestational Age , Mass Screening , Methods , Outpatients , Pregnancy Complications , Diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Time Factors
12.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 532-536, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-814847

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the value of selective arterial occlusion in the treatment of placenta percreta in late trimester of pregnancy.@*METHODS@#Fifteen clinical patients ( gestational age ≥34 weeks), diagnosed with placenta percreta in Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from January 2003 to December 2010, were retrospectively analyzed. According to whether the selective arterial occlusion was used or not, the 15 patients were divided into 2 groups: an arterial occlusion group (n=8) and a non-arterial occlusion group (n=7). Based on the time of occlusion, the arterial occlusion group was divided into a prophylactic occlusion subgroup (n=4) and a remedial occlusion subgroup (n=4) (including 1 patient who was performed after the iliac artery balloon was taken out ). The blood loss, the rate of hysterectomy and complications were compared between the arterial occlusion group and the non-arterial occlusion group.@*RESULTS@#In all 15 patients, the average amount of blood loss was 3813 mL, and the rate of hysterectomy was 73.3% (11/15). The recent complication rate was 20.0% (3/15, including 2 blood coagulation dysfunctions and 1 lower extremity thrombosis), and long-term complication was not found. The average amount of blood loss in the occlusion group was 2512 mL, the hysterectomy rate was 62.5%(5/8); while the average amount of bleeding was 5549 mL and the hysterectomy rate was 85.7% in the non-occlusion group (6/7). There was significant difference between the 2 groups (P<0.05). The average amount of blood loss and the rate of hysterectomy in the prophylactic occlusion subgroup were lower than those in the remedial occlusion subgroup (1350 mL vs 3600 mL, 60.0% vs 66.7%, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Patients with placenta percreta in the third trimester of pregnancy may encounter severe postpartum hemorrhage, and the rate of hysterectomy is high. The amount of blood loss and the rate of hysterectomy may be reduced by the selective arterial occlusion before or in the cesarean section, but cannot be avoided completely.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Balloon Occlusion , Methods , Embolization, Therapeutic , Hysterectomy , Iliac Artery , Placenta Accreta , Therapeutics , Postpartum Hemorrhage , Pregnancy Trimester, Third , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
13.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 617-622, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-814830

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the application of modified cesarean hysterectomy for placenta previa percreta in the third trimester via peritoneum lateral approach.@*METHODS@#Data of 8 patients at 34 weeks or more gestation, who underwent cesarean hysterectomy for placenta previa percreta in Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, between January 2008 and December 2011, were analyzed retrospectively. The patients were divided into a modified cesarean hysterectomy by peritoneum lateral approach group (modified group, n=4) and a conventional cesarean hysterectomy group (conventional group, n=4), according to the principles of the case-control and the operation performed by the same doctor. The incidence of blood loss, the number of transfusions of RBC, and the ocurrnce of complications were compared between the 2 groups.@*RESULTS@#The blood loss in the modified group and the conventional group was (2280±687) mL and (6150±2023) mL, and the number of transfusions of RBC was (4.5±2.1) U and (11.7±8.9) U, respectively. There was no coagulation disorder and ureteral injury in the modified group whereas there were 2 disorders and 1 injury in the conventional group. Two patients with bladder laceration were observed in the 2 groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Large amounts of bleeding will be onset in the placenta previa percreta. Modified cesarean hysterectomy for placenta previa percreta can reduce the blood loss and the incidence of related complications in the operation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Cesarean Section , Methods , Hysterectomy , Methods , Peritoneum , General Surgery , Placenta Accreta , General Surgery , Placenta Previa , General Surgery , Pregnancy Trimester, Third
14.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 172-174, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-390594

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the significance of sequential continuous sonography approach (SCSA) in diagnosing fetal deformity during prenatal stage. Methods Compared with postpartum data, the sequential continuous sonography of 16685 fetuses during gestational age 14 to 40~(+3) weeks. 1 were ana-lyzed retrospectively. Results 498 abnormal cases in 514 abnormal fetuses were scanned out with sequen-tial continuous sonography approach, and 16 cases were not successfully diagnosed by SCSA during prenatal stage. The rate of final diagnosis on deformity fetuses by SCSA was 96. 89%, the rate of misdiagnosis was 3. 1%. Conclusion Sequential continuous sonngraphy approach is a useful tool for diagnosing fetal de-formity during prenatal stage, h should be widely applied into the clinical inspection for prenatal diagnosis.

15.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 531-536, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-814291

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the spatiotemporal expression of neuromedin B receptor (NMBR) in mice myometrium at different pregnant stages, as well as its mechanism and relation with parturition.@*METHODS@#The pregnant mice were divided into no-pregnancy (NP), early pregnancy (EP), mid-pregnancy (MP), late-pregnancy (LP), parturition (PT) and postpartum (PP) groups (12 mice in each group), according to pregnant stage. The mRNA and protein expression of NMBR, HSP70 and IL-6 were detected in myometrium in pregnant mice by semi-quantitative RT-PCR and Western blot, while NF-kappaB-P65 DNA binding activity was determined by NoShift transcription factor assay kits, respectively. Their relation with parturition was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The mRNA expression level of NMBR in the PT group was significantly higher than that in the NP, EP, LP and PP groups (P0.05). The NMBR protein in PT group was significantly higher than that in the other 5 groups (P<0.01). NF-kappaB-P65 DNA binding activity at PT group was remarkably higher than that in the NP, LP and PP groups (P<0.05). The expression of IL-6 mRNA was significantly higher than that in the NP, LP and PP groups (P<0.05), its protein expression in PT and LP groups was significantly higher than that in the NP and PP groups (P<0.05). The expression of HSP70 mRNA in the PT group was significantly higher than that in the NP and PP groups (P<0.05), and the protein of HSP70 was significantly up-regulated in PT and PP groups compared with in NP and LP groups (P<0.05). The DNA-binding activity of P65 was positively correlated to the mRNA expression of NMBR and IL-6 (r=0.40, P<0.01; r=0.30, P<0.05), so were positively correlated to DNA-binding activity of P65, mRNA expression of HSP70 and NMBR ( r=0.40, P<0.01; r=0.49, P<0.01). DNA-binding activity of P65 did not correlate with the mRNA expression of HSP70.@*CONCLUSION@#The mRNA and protein expressions of NMBR reach a peak at the onset of labor. NMBR may play an important role in the parturition via NF-kappaB P65-IL-6 signal transduction pathway. It may also influence the onset of labor by regulating HSP70, but this role does not rely on P65 pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Mice , Pregnancy , Gestational Age , HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins , Metabolism , Interleukin-6 , Metabolism , Myometrium , Metabolism , Parturition , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Random Allocation , Receptors, Bombesin , Genetics , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Transcription Factor RelA , Metabolism
16.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 1231-1237, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-404789

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of Calponin-1 suppression on human myometrium cells through adenovirus mediated siRNA. Methods Human uterine smooth muscle tissues were digested with enzymes, cultured and confirmed with immunocytochemistry. Aadenovirus siRNA-Calponin-1 plasmid was transfected into primary cultured uterine smooth muscle cells in vitro. The expressions of Calponin-1 mRNA and protein were analyzed by RT-PCR and Western blot, respectively.Results The pAdEasy-pShuttle-U6-Calponin-1 siRNA plasmid was successfully constructed, and Calponin-1 siRNA mediated by recombinant adenovirus resulted in markedly reduced expression of Calponin-1 mRNA and protein in human myometrium cells. The gray values of Calponin-1 mRNA in the uterine smooth muscle cells in the experimental, blank control, and empty vector groups were 316.3±39.2, 1048.5±126.4 and 1027.2±127.5, respectively. The gray values of Calponin-1 protein were 323.3±43.2, 1021.5±143.4, and 1019.2±144.5,respectively. The difference between the experimental group and the blank control group as well as the empty vector group was significant (P< 0.05). There was no significant difference between the empty vector group and the blank control group (P>0.05).Conclusion The pAdEasy-pShuttle-U6-Calponin-1 siRNA plasmid can inhibit the expression of Calponin-1 in human myometrium cells in vitro,which may be a useful approach to determine the role of Calponin-1 in delivery.

17.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-681882

ABSTRACT

0.05). Conclusions Oxytocin, misoprostol or nimodipine can induce or inhibit labor through regulating expressions of VDCC L ? 1 and VDCC L ? 2 mRNA in the rat uterine myometrium and it may not have an adverse effect on heart function of normal pregnant rats. VDCC L may be the common channel of labor induced by internal or external factors.

18.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-521092

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the causes of the uterus rupture in an outlying district and prevent measures.Methods 17 cases of the uterus rupture in Yongshun county hospital were retrospectively analysized.Results Among 17 cases of uterus rupture,the average antenatal care was 0 4 times every pregnant women,bleeding volume were 1100 ml,12 cases of shock(70 6%) ,5 cases forced uterectomy(29 4%), 16 cases of perinatal death(94%). According to stages of taking place : ⑴15 cases had taken place during laboring without appointing inpatient ,13 patients giving birth at home while 2 patients in hospital , average total stages of labor 29.4h, abnormal fetal positions 14 cases, including 3 cases of primipara and 12 cases of multipara. ⑵ 2 cases of spontaneous uterus rupture occurred during pregnancy who have with the cesarean section history performed in small clinic in the country side.Conclusions In an outlying district, main causes of uterus rupture:⑴ Ignored antenatal care. ⑵ Producing at home so that dystocia were not dealt with properly during stage of labor, another was women with prolong labor treated incorrectly . ⑶ The Spontaneous rupture during pregnancy were close related to the history of the classical cesarean section .To prevent the uterus rupture should be enhanced prenatal care and examination forced pregnant women delivery in hospital, standarding medical practice of performing operation, so doing could sharply decrease the pregnant uterus rupture in an outlying district.

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