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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 350-358, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016659

ABSTRACT

Due to the high similarity with the lipid layer between human skin keratinocytes, functional cosmetics with layered liquid crystal structure prepared by liquid crystal emulsification technology encapsulating natural active substances have become a hot research topic in recent years. This type of functional cosmetic often has a fresh and natural skin feel, excellent skin barrier repair function and efficient moisturizing effect, etc., showing great potential in cosmetic application. However, the present research on the application of liquid crystal emulsification technology to functional cosmetics is still in the initial stage, and there are fewer relevant reports with reference values. Based on the mentioned above, this review provides a comprehensive summary of functional cosmetics with layered liquid crystal structures prepared by liquid crystal emulsification technology from the following aspects: the structure of human skin, the composition of lamellar liquid crystal, the advantages of liquid crystal emulsification technology containing natural active substances used in the field of functional cosmetics, the preparation process, main components, influencing factors during the preparation and the market functional cosmetics with lamellar liquid crystal structure. Finally, the prospect of the application of liquid crystal emulsification technology in functional cosmetics is presented, to provide useful references for those engaged in the research of liquid crystal emulsification technology-related functional cosmetics.

2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 277-283, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005395

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the clinical efficacy of minimally invasive foldable capsular buckle(FCB)scleral buckling in treating rhegmatogenous retinal detachment(RRD).METHOD: This retrospective study enrolled 11 patients(11 eyes)with RRD treated with minimally invasive FCB scleral buckling at the Hainan Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital from May to July 2023. The surgeries were performed without subconjunctival anesthesia, extraocular muscle pulling, intraocular positioning, retinal cryotherapy or drainage of subretinal fluid, or FCB suture fixation. Furthermore, the best corrected visual acuity(BCVA), intraocular pressure and complications were observed.RESULTS: Minimally invasive FCB scleral buckling was performed on 11 eyes, with successful retinal reattachment in 10 eyes(91%), and the remaining 1 eye(9%)had postoperative retinal re-detachment and underwent vitrectomy with silicone oil filling for multiple retinal tears. One-time successful surgery was in 4 eyes(40%), gas injection in vitreous body after the surgery was performed in 1 eye(10%), FCB position adjustment after the surgery was performed in 3 eyes(30%), gas injection in vitreous body and FCB position adjustment after the surgery were performed in 2 eyes(20%); and FCB was removed 4-12 wk after the surgery in 5 eyes(50%), without retinal redetachment. The average BCVA(LogMAR)of the 10 eyes improved from 1.30±1.10 before surgery to 0.37±0.39 at 4 wk after surgery(P<0.01); the average preoperative intraocular pressure was 11.51±3.37 mmHg and 13.72±2.57 mmHg at 4wk after surgery(P>0.05). No serious complications occurred.CONCLUSION:Minimally invasive FCB scleral buckling effectively treats RRD with minimal injury, simple operation, time-saving, and fewer complications.

3.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 70-75, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994390

ABSTRACT

Objective:The study aimed to investigate the association between lesion location and post-stroke depression (PSD) in acute ischemic stroke patients.Methods:In this case-control study, acute ischemic stroke patients were recruited from the Department of Neurology, First Affiliated Hospital of the University of Science and Technology of China (USTC), between September 2020 and June 2021. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) criteria, the patients were divided into the PSD and non-PSD groups. The 24-item Hamilton Rating Scale (HAMD) was used to evaluate the severity of depression. The Student′s t-test, Mann-Whitney test, and Chi-square test were used to compare the clinical baseline characteristics of PSD and non-PSD groups. Voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping (VLSM) was applied to investigate the association between lesion location and depression occurrence and severity. Results:A total of 70 and 173 patients were admitted to the PSD and non-PSD groups, respectively. The mean age of patients was 59 years (23-86). There were 153 males and 90 females. Univariate analysis showed a significant difference only in Hamilton Anxiety ( P=0.025) and Depression ( P<0.001) scores between the PSD and non-PSD groups. VLSM analysis identified clusters within the anterior cingulate gyrus ( Z=-3.05, P<0.001), left hippocampus ( Z=-3.15, P<0.001), and left lingual lobe ( Z=-3.08, P<0.001) where lesions were significantly associated with PSD. Additionally, the severity of PSD was associated with damage in the anterior cingulate gyrus ( Z=-3.64, P<0.001), left hippocampus ( Z=-3.51, P<0.001), left lingual lobe ( Z=-4.18, P<0.001), and pericalcarine cortex ( Z=-3.65, P<0.001). Conclusion:VLSM demonstrated that lesion location could be used to predict the occurrence of PSD in patients with acute ischemic stroke.

4.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 243-247, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989619

ABSTRACT

Brain edema belongs to the category of "stroke" and "true headache", while Traditional Chinese Medicine mostly understands its core disease mechanisms from the perspectives of stasis, deficiency, and heat, and mostly treats the disease by using warming yang to induce diuresis and eliminating stasis to remove water. Wuling Powder has been lauded as the "first party to typhoid and relieving diuresis", which is used to cure clearing damp and promoting diuresis and warming yang and transforming qi, and has been clinically used in the treatment of brain edema caused by various causes such as head trauma, intracerebral hemorrhage, cerebral infarction, and intracranial space occupying, all with remarkable efficacy. Wuling Powder improves cellular energy supply, scavenges excess oxygen radicals and calcium ions in brain tissue, and reduces the damage to brain tissue caused by vascular inflammatory factors and regulates aquaporins and vascular endothelial growth factor, thereby achieving therapeutic effects.

5.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 654-659, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986975

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of dexmedetomidine (DEX) on renal function after laparoscopic radical nephrectomy.@*METHODS@#We reviewed the clinical data of 282 patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC), who underwent laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN) in the Department of Urology, Third Medical Center of PLA General Hospital from November, 2020 and June, 2022.According to whether DEX was used during the operation, the patients were divided into DEX group and control group, and after propensity score matching, 99 patients were finally enrolled in each group.The incidence of acute kidney injuries were compared between the two groups.Serum creatinine (sCr) data within 3 months to 1 year after the operation were available in 51 patients, including 26 in DEX group and 25 in the control group, and the incidence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) was compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After propensity score matching and adjustment for significant covariates, there were no significant differences in postoperative levels of sCr, cystatin C (CysC), β2-microglobulin (β2-MG), hemoglobin (Hb), or C-reactive protein (CRP), extubation time, incidence of AKI, or length of hospital stay between the two groups (P>0.05).The intraoperative urine volume was significantly higher in DEX group than in the control group (P < 0.05).A significant correlation between AKI and CKD was noted in the patients (P < 0.05).The incidence of CKD did not differ significantly between the two groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#DEX can not reduce the incidence of AKI or CKD after LRN.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dexmedetomidine , Incidence , Propensity Score , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/epidemiology , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Nephrectomy/adverse effects , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Acute Kidney Injury/prevention & control , Retrospective Studies
6.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 235-241, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008990

ABSTRACT

This data article presents data from the China Migrants Dynamic Survey (CMDS), a multi-wave, large-scale national cross-sectional survey of China's internal migrants from 2009 to 2018. The CMDS is an annual questionnaire survey conducted by the former National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC) of the People's Republic of China. The respondents included in this survey are internal migrants over 15 years old. The sample was drawn from the China Migrant Population Information System, using multi-stage stratified sampling method and the probability proportional-to-size (PPS) cluster sampling strategy. Between 2009 and 2018, there were 1,527,650 internal migrants from 23 provinces, 5 autonomous regions and 4 municipalities participated in the surveys. The survey tools were a series of self-designed questionnaires with high inheritance and consistency designed and implemented by the NHFPC. The questionnaires mainly contain basic information of the respondents and their family members, migration status, healthcare or health behaviors, public health service utilization, social insurance, social integration, and family planning. The dataset is currently the most widely used survey data on China's internal migrants, offering information on migration patterns, healthcare and health behaviors, use of public health services, access to social security, social integration, and family planning, which are valuable for health planning, health decision-making, and health equity research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , United States , Family Planning Services , Transients and Migrants , Cross-Sectional Studies , China/epidemiology , Surveys and Questionnaires
7.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 21-26, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934556

ABSTRACT

Objective:To conduct a position evaluation of functional departments directors by means of Hay guide-chart profile (Hay) and international position evaluation (IPE) for heads of public hospital departments, and a comparative analysis of the results, for reference in reforming the performance-related pay system of the functional departments.Methods:From July to August of 2021, positions of ten functional department directors of a public tertiary general hospital were selected, and expert groups within and out of the hospital were invited for a position evaluation using both Hay and IPE. Cronbach α and intraclass correlation coefficient were used in the reliability and consistency evaluation. Technique for order preference by similarity to ideal solution (TOPSIS) was conducted to compare the differences between results of both methods, with the position value ranked by quartiles. Results:22 position evaluation forms were issued and 20 were recovered (12 for in-hospital experts and 8 for extramural experts). In Hay evaluation, the scores of medical affairs department and hospital head office were higher, averaging 757.30 and 727.21 respectively, and those of logistics management department were the lowest, being 279.94. In-hospital experts scored lower than those extramural experts on the posts of directors of scientific research management department, Party committee office and medical insurance department, while the scores of the directors of the hospital head office were higher than those extramural experts. In IPE evaluation, the position values of hospital head office and medical affairs department were the highest, averaging 680.25 and 621.00 respectively, and the score of the logistics management department was the lowest, being 365.05. In-hospital experts scored lower than those extramural experts on the posts of directors of Party committee office, scientific research management department and logistics management department, while the scores of the directors of the hospital head office were higher than those of extramural experts. The Cronbach α coefficients of position value scoring of functional department heads evaluated by two evaluation methods were 0.943 (Hay) and 0.800 (IPE) respectively. The hospital head office and medical affairs department ranked the first quartile, the Party committee office and nursing department ranked the second, while the medical insurance department and logistics department ranked the third and fourth respectively. In addition, the ranking differences of the information technology department, human resource department, financial department and scientific research management department were within one quartile. Conclusions:The position evaluation results of Hay and IPE are consistent, but the former is more sensitive. Ranking of position values by quartiles via TOPSIS can support the reform of performance-related pay system of functional departments of public hospitals.

8.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 948-952, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993958

ABSTRACT

Antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) is the primary factor affecting the long-term prognosis of kidney transplant recipients and kidney allograft. Currently, there is no universally recognized or approved drug for the treatment of AMR. Therefore, more novel drug studies and clinical trials are urgently needed in order to change the long-term prognosis of kidney transplant recipients. Based on the core principles of prevention and treatment of AMR, this paper discusses the mechanism and efficacy of several new types of drugs of most concern in the treatment of AMR from three aspects: removing donor specific antibody, blocking antibody-mediated and complement-mediated tissue damage, and inhibiting the proliferation and activation of antibody-producing cells. These emerging drugs have shown potential in preventing and treating AMR and improving the prognosis of recipients, which is expected to change the dilemma of AMR treatment in the future and provide more effective treatment options for improving the long-term prognosis of kidney transplant recipients.

9.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 504-509, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956678

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of pelvic packing on the control of intractable postpartum hemorrhage after emergency perinatal hysterectomy (EPH).Methods:Eleven cases with complete clinical data of pelvic packing due to failure of hemostasis after EPH were collected to evaluate the outcome, complications, hospital stay of pregnant women, and to analyze the factors affecting the effect of pelvic packing. The cases included patients who were admitted to the Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University after pelvic packing treatment in the other hospital due to continuous bleeding after EPH or who were referred to our hospital for pelvic packing treatment due to continuous bleeding after EPH from January 2014 to August 2021.Results:The median gestational week of 11 pregnant women was 38.3 weeks(38.0-39.9 weeks) , and the methods of termination of pregnancy were cesarean section in 7 cases (7/11) and vaginal delivery in 4 cases (4/11). The median time between postpartum hemorrhage and pelvic tamponade was 10 hours (5-57 hours), the median amount of bleeding was 8 500 ml(4 800-15 600 ml) , the median number of pelvic tamponade was 3 pieces (2-7 pieces), and the median retention time of gauze pad was 6.0 days (3.0-6.0 days). The median frequency of laparotomy in this pregnancy was 3 times (2-3 times), with a maximum of 4 among the 11 cases, the first pelvic packing was successful in hemostasis in 9 cases, and the final successful treatment in all of the 11 cases. All parturients had hemorrhagic shock (11/11) and disseminated intravascular coagulation (11/11) before pelvic packing. Other common complications were multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (9/11), cardiac arrest (4/11), deep vein thrombosis (3/11), septic shock (3/11), and intestinal obstruction (1/11). All parturients took out the gauze after the coagulation function returned to normal and there was no active bleeding. The recovery time of coagulation function in 11 cases was 3 days (3-5 days), the retention time of gauze pad was 6 days (3-6 days), the median length of stay in intensive care unit was 14 days (11-26 days), and the median total length of stay was 22 days (16-49 days).Conclusions:Pelvic packing could be used as a temporary strategy for intractable postpartum hemorrhage after EPH, which provides a key time for injury control resuscitation for patients with unstable vital signs. This technology provides an opportunity for referral to superior medical institutions and further treatment.

10.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 676-680,C2, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954274

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of three-dimensional image reconstruction technology based on 3D-slicer software in urology.Methods:The data of 36 patients with urinary tract diseases admitted to Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from May 2019 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed, including 20 males and 16 females; the median age was 53.50(41.75, 66.25) years. There were 10 relative kidney transplant donors, 12 cases with renal tumors, 6 cases with hydronephrosis and 8 patients with urinary calculi. The CT urography data of 36 cases were reconstructed into three-dimensional image models based on 3D-slicer software, and the morphology of the target tissue was measured.Results:In the urinary system model of 10 relative kidney transplant donors constructed in this study, the type of donor renal artery was single artery in 7 cases and accessory renal artery in 3 cases; In the three-dimensional model of 12 tumor kidneys, 4 tumors were located at the upper part of the kidney (2 near ventral and 2 near dorsal), 5 tumors were located at the middle part of the kidney (2 near ventral and 3 near dorsal), and 3 tumors were located at the lower part of the kidney near ventral. The average maximum diameter of the tumors was (27.3 ± 9.63) mm, and the tumor volume was (15.89 ± 5.93) cm 2. The study also successfully constructed a three-dimensional image model of the urinary system in 6 patients with hydronephrosis and 8 patients with urinary calculi (without hydronephrosis). Three-dimensional model image reconstructed by 3D-slicer software clearly showed the spatial structure of renal parenchyma, blood vessels, renal pelvis, calyces and ureter. The diameter, position and direction of ureters and blood vessels can be observed clearly based on the three-dimensional reconstruction model, and clinicians could also evaluate the location, shape, size and adjacent relationship with surrounding tissues of renal cysts, tumors, stones or other masses. Conclusion:3D-slicer software platform can assist clinicians to reconstruct the three-dimensional model of urinary system, which is worthy of further clinical application.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2049-2056, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936571

ABSTRACT

Obesity has become an important inducer of many public diseases such as diabetes, endocrine disorders, and so on. Anti-obesity treatment has become a hot topic. Inhibiting fat synthesis and promoting fat decomposition are important ways of drug anti-obesity treatment. With the in-depth study of the distribution, morphology and function of adipose tissue, brown adipose tissue containing multi-compartment fat drops and rich mitochondria have attracted people's attention. Beige adipocytes which are similar to brown adipocytes in morphology and function have aroused great interest, such cells can be transformed from white adipocytes by external stimulation or browning agents. This process is called "white fat browning". The expression of promoting energy consumption proteins in these cells increase, so that the function of adipocytes changes from energy storage to energy consumption to increase excessive energy consumption in the body and reduce lipid accumulation. The browning of white adipose tissue has brought new ideas for obesity treatment, but the systemic administration of browning agent has the risk of adverse reactions to non-target tissues such as heart and central nervous system, which limits its application in inducing white fat browning. Browning agents to white adipose tissue can reduce its adverse reactions and improve its bioavailability by constructing a drug delivery system targeting white adipose tissue. In this review, the mechanism on browning of white adipose tissue, the commonly used browning agents and the targeted delivery carriers that induce browning of white adipose tissue are summarized.

12.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 402-406, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935958

ABSTRACT

Objective: To quantitatively evaluate myocardial work in patients with hepatitis B cirrhosis by using left ventricular pressure-strain loop. Methods: 70 cases with hepatitis B cirrhosis who were hospitalized in Henan Provincial People's Hospital from March to December 2020 were selected as the study group. Patients were divided into three subgroups according to the Child-Pugh score of liver cirrhosis (Child-Pugh class A, B, and C groups: 25, 25, and 20 patients, respectively). At the same time, 25 healthy volunteers were included as the control group. Global longitudinal strain (GLS), global myocardial work index (GWI), global work efficiency (GWE), global constructive work (GCW), and global wasted work (GWW) were obtained by applying pressure-strain loops. The differences were analyzed and compared among the four groups parameters. Results: Compared with the control group, the Child-Pugh class A group had decreased GLS, while Child-Pugh class B and C had decreased GLS, GWI, GWE, GCW, and increased GWW, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). Compared with Child-Pugh class A group, Child-Pugh class B group had decreased GLS, GWE, and increased GWW, while Child-Pugh class C group had decreased GLS,GWI, GWE, GCW, and increased GWW, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). Compared with Child-Pugh class B group, Child-Pugh class C group had decreased GLS, GWI, GWE, GCW, and increased GWW, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion: The pressure-strain loop can detect early myocardial dysfunction, and has a certain value in the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis evaluation of myocardial function changes in patients with hepatitis B cirrhosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hepatitis B , Liver Cirrhosis , Myocardium , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left
13.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 141-149, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906155

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the correlation of eight chemical components in Miao medicine <italic>Periploca forrestii</italic> from different producing areas with the ecological and soil factors. Method:The contents of neochlorogenic acid, chlorogenic acid, cryptochlorogenic acid, isochlorogenic acid B, isochlorogenic acid A, isochlorogenic acid C, procyanidin A<sub>2</sub>, and periplocin were simultaneously determined by ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC). The root soil samples from various producing areas were collected for testing various soil factors, followed by climate data extraction with ArcGIS and topographic data recording using GPS. SPSS 24.0 was employed to conduct the bivariate analysis and stepwise regression analysis of the eight chemical components in <italic>P. forrestii</italic> from different producing areas with the ecological and soil factors. Result:Stepwise regression equations of the content of eight chemical components against ecological and soil factors were established. The findings demonstrated that neochlorogenic acid was negatively correlated with precipitation in the coldest season and chlorogenic acid negatively correlated with precipitation in the driest month. Cryptochlorogenic acid was negatively correlated with precipitation in the coldest season and average temperature in the warmest season, but positively with selenium. Isochlorogenic acid B was mainly affected by soil factors. Specifically, it was positively correlated with available iron and molybdenum but negatively with total phosphorus and available phosphorus. Isochlorogenic acid A was positively correlated with molybdenum but negatively with the coefficient of variation of precipitation. Isochlorogenic acid C showed a positive correlation with exchangeable magnesium. Procyanidin A<sub>2</sub> exhibited a positive correlation with molybdenum and a negative correlation with available potassium. Periplocin was negatively correlated with the coefficient of variation of precipitation. Conclusion:The correlation between the eight chemical components of <italic>P. forrestii</italic> and the ecological and soil factors has been clarified, which will provide reference for the introduction, cultivation, and standardized planting of <italic>P. forrestii </italic>and also a theoretical basis for further research on its ecological and soil factors and quality formation mechanism.

14.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 172-180, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905878

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the potential suitable distribution area and the high-quality distribution area of <italic>Sabia parviflora</italic>. Method:Combined with the distribution information and environmental factors,the maximum entropy (MaxEnt) model and ArcGIS software were used to predict the potential suitable distribution area of <italic>S. parviflora</italic>. Based on the correlation between environmental factors and total saponins,total flavonoids,quercetin-3-<italic>O</italic>-gentiobioside,camellianoside,tsubakioside A,kaempferol-3-<italic>O</italic>-rutinoside and isobariclisin-3-<italic>O</italic>-rutinoside,the quality regionalization was conducted by using spatial interpolation method and fuzzy superposition function in ArcGIS software. Result:<italic>S. parviflora</italic> is mainly distributed in Yunnan,Guizhou,Guangxi province in China. The medium and high suitable areas accounts for about 2.88% of the national area. The precipitation in October and November,the precipitation in the warmest and driest seasons,the standard deviation of seasonal changes in temperature and altitude are the main environmental factors that affect the distribution of <italic>S. parviflora</italic>. Slope,precipitation,solar radiation and temperature change had great influence on the accumulation of secondary metabolites. Based on the results of potential suitable distribution and spatial interpolation of each component,the high-quality areas of <italic>S. parviflora</italic> are mainly concentrated in the southwest of Guizhou,with Qinglong,Guanling,Zhenning,Pu'an,Xingren county and other areas as the core. Conclusion:This study provides a scientific guidance for the site selection of artificial planting and the procurement of medicinal materials for <italic>S. parviflora</italic>.

15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 194-204, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921247

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Despite improvements in disease diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis, breast cancer is still a leading cause of cancer death for women. Compelling evidence suggests that targeting cancer stem cells (CSCs) have a crucial impact on overcoming the current shortcomings of chemotherapy and radiotherapy. In the present study, we aimed to study the effects of T cells and a critical anti-tumor cytokine, interferon-gamma (IFN-γ), on breast cancer stem cells.@*METHODS@#BALB/c mice and BALB/c nude mice were subcutaneously injected with 4T1 tumor cells. Tumor growth and pulmonary metastasis were assessed. ALDEFLOUR™ assays were performed to identify aldehyde dehydrogenasebright (ALDHbr) tumor cells. ALDHbr cells as well as T cells from tumor-bearing BALB/c mice were analyzed using flow cytometry. The effects of CD8+ T cells on ALDHbr tumor cells were assessed in vitro and in vivo. The expression profiles of ALDHbr and ALDHdim 4T1 tumor cells were determined. The levels of plasma IFN-γ were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and their associations with the percentages of ALDHbr tumor cells were evaluated. The effects of IFN-γ on ALDH expression and the malignancy of 4T1 tumor cells were analyzed in vitro.@*RESULTS@#There were fewer metastatic nodules in tumor-bearing BALB/c mice than those in tumor-bearing BALB/c nude mice (25.40 vs. 54.67, P < 0.050). CD8+ T cells decreased the percentages of ALDHbr 4T1 tumor cells in vitro (control vs. effector to target ratio of 1:1, 10.15% vs. 5.76%, P < 0.050) and in vivo (control vs. CD8+ T cell depletion, 10.15% vs. 21.75%, P < 0.001). The functions of upregulated genes in ALDHbr 4T1 tumor cells were enriched in the pathway of response to IFN-γ. The levels of plasma IFN-γ decreased gradually in tumor-bearing BALB/c mice, while the percentages of ALDHbr tumor cells in primary tumors increased. IFN-γ at a concentration of 26.68 ng/mL decreased the percentages of ALDHbr 4T1 tumor cells (22.88% vs. 9.88%, P < 0.050) and the protein levels of aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 family member A1 in 4T1 tumor cells (0.86 vs. 0.49, P < 0.050) and inhibited the abilities of sphere formation (sphere diameter <200 μm, 159.50 vs. 72.0; ≥200 μm, 127.0 vs. 59.0; both P < 0.050) and invasion (89.67 vs. 67.67, P < 0.001) of 4T1 tumor cells.@*CONCLUSION@#CD8+ T cells and IFN-γ decreased CSC numbers in a 4T1 mouse model of breast cancer. The application of IFN-γ may be a potential strategy for reducing CSCs in breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Mice , Aldehydes , Breast Neoplasms , Cell Line, Tumor , Interferon-gamma , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Nude , Neoplastic Stem Cells
16.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 379-382,387, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929919

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the factors affecting the recurrence of patients with non-varices upper gastrointestinal bleeding (NVUGIB) after receiving digestive endoscopy.Methods:The clinical data of 120 patients with NVUGIB who received digestive endoscopy were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into recurrence group and non-recurrence group according to their recurrence status, and the risk factors affecting recurrence were analyzed.Results:The results of univariate analysis showed that there was no significant difference in age, gender and body mass index between the relapsed group and the non-relapsed group (all P>0.05), and there was significant difference in Forrest grade, hemoglobin concentration, platelet count, peptic ulcer, shock, improper diet, premature getting out of bed, constipation and subsequent proton pump inhibitors (all P<0.05). The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the Forrest grade(Ⅰa), hemoglobin level (<100 g/L), platelet count (<100×10 9/L), peptic ulcer, shock, improper diet, premature getting out of bed, constipation and subsequent proton pump inhibitorsare the risk factors of recurrence in patients with NVUGIB (all P<0.05). Conclusions:Clinically, targeted preventive measures should be taken based on the risk factors that affect the recurrence of patients with NVUGIB after digestive endoscopic treatment.

17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4287-4292, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888091

ABSTRACT

The formulation of expert consensus on clinical application of Chinese patent medicines, in means of exploring the effective combination of experience and evidence to form a research method in line with the characteristics of Chinese patent medicines, is an important transitional stage for clinical researches on Chinese patent medicines. Pre-searching is a new step in the formulation of expert consensus on clinical application of Chinese patent medicines. Before steps of interview and investigation on clinical application, pre-searching is conducted to collect publications and literature on certain variety and similar Chinese patent medicines; the publications on related medical classics and formulas of this variety; the recommendation condition of this variety in clinical practice guidelines and expert consensus; and the medication regimens recommended in disease-specific guidelines. Pre-searching is designed to know about the advantages of certain variety of Chinese patent medicine as well as its potential problems recorded in the literature, which is helpful to find out the clinical positioning of Chinese patent medicines, develop reasonable clinical questions and provide ideas for formal literature searching. However, it is not the direct basis for developing clinical questions. Moreover, interviews and investigations are still needed to further clarify the clinical positioning of Chinese patent medicines and develop reasonable questions. This paper took expert consensus on clinical application of Yanshen Jianwei Capsules as an example to introduce the pre-searching process and methods used during formulation of expert consensus on clinical application of Chinese patent medicines, and to further discuss the role of pre-searching to facilitate the formulation of clinical questions on selection of participants, interventions, controls and outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Capsules , China , Consensus , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Nonprescription Drugs
18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 228-232, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880059

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the molecular mechanism in stable cell strains expressing Mini-hF9 gene with nonsense mutation.@*METHODS@#Mini-hF9 gene and its nonsense mutants were transfected into HeLa cells independently, and stable cell strains were obtained after G418 resistance screening and monoclonal transformation. The altered splicing and protein expression of mRNA in Mini-hF9 gene in stable cell strains were detected by using RT-PCR and Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The wild type and nonsense mutated human coagulation factor IX stable cell strains were constructed successfully, which were named HeLa-F9-WT, HeLa-F9-M1 and HeLa-F9-M2. Only normal splicing Norm was detected in the wild-type cell strain HeLa-F9-WT; Norm and Alt-S1 splicing were detected in HeLa-F9-M1; while Norm, Alt-S1 and Alt-S2 splicing were detected in HeLa-F9-M2.@*CONCLUSION@#The nonsense associated altered splicing (NAS) pathway, which generated alternately spliced transcripts, might be triggered in coagulation factor IX gene with nonsense mutation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Codon, Nonsense , Factor IX/metabolism , HeLa Cells , Mutation , RNA Splicing , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
19.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 969-976, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942996

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the safety of definitive surgery for chronic radiation intestinal injury. Methods: A descriptive case series study was performed. Clinical data of 105 patients who were diagnosed as chronic radiation intestinal injury, had complete data and received definitive surgery (the radiation-induced intestinal segment and digestive tract reconstruction) at Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery of Beijing Tsinghua Changgung Hospital from June 2016 to May 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 30 males (28.6%) and 75 females (71.4%) with the median age of 58 years (P25, P75: 52, 64 years). Patients who had tumor recurrence or refused surgical treatment were excluded. According to the preoperative evaluation and clinical manifestations, to select the resection range. Outcome parameters: (1) preoperative evaluation (nutrition risk assessment and status of obstruction or fistula); (2) clinical manifestations and treatment strategies; (3) details of surgical parameters; (4) postoperative complications, and Clavien-Dindo classification III to V was defined as main moderate-severe complication. Results: (1) Preoperative evaluation: Eighty-eight patients (83.8%) developed symptoms of chronic radiation intestinal injury more than 1 year after the end of radiotherapy. Ninety-eight patients (93.3%) had preoperative NRS-2002 score ≥3, 74 patients (70.5%) received preoperative parenteral nutritional support, and the median time of nutritional support was 10.5 (7.0, 16.0) days. Sixteen patients (15.2%) received small intestinal decompression tube implantation due to severe obstruction. (2) Clinical manifestations and treatment strategies: Among 105 patients, 87 (82.9%) presented with obstruction and received definitive resection of the radiation-induced intestinal segment plus one-stage digestive tract reconstruction; 18 (17.1%) presented with intestinal fistula and all of them received definitive resection of the radiation-induced intestinal segment, intestinal fistula plus one-stage digestive tract reconstruction. Among above 18 patients with fistula, 3 patients with ileorectal stump fistula received pedicled pelvic closure of greater omentum at the same time; 4 patients had ileal vesical fistula, of whom 2 patients received cystectomy and bladder repair due to preoperative nephrostomy decompression, and the other 2 patients received transection of the small intestine proximal and distal to the fistula and anastomosis of the intestinal loop without fistula resection, intestinal fistula or bladder fistula repair. (3) The details of surgical parameters: Median operative time and intraoperative blood loss was 230 (180, 300) minutes and 50 (20, 50) ml respectively. Ninety-two patients (92/105, 87.6%) underwent ileocolonic anastomosis, and anastomosis on the hepatic flexure or splenic flexure colon were performed in 88 (83.8%) and 4 (3.8%) patients respectively. Ileoileal anastomosis was performed in 13 patients (12.4%). The anastomotic site of 92 patients (87.6%) was strictly located in the contralateral quadrant of the radiation field, and the anastomotic site of 13 patients (12.4%) was far from the radiation field. Nine patients (8.6%) had more than one anastomosis, 5 patients (4.8%) had less than 180 cm of residual small intestine, 7 patients (6.7%) underwent retrograde intestinal permutation, 4 patients (3.8%) underwent abdominal wall reconstruction surgery due to abdominal wall defects, and 87 patients (82.9%) had severe abdominal pelvic adhesions (grade 3-4 adhesions). Intraoperative complications occurred in 3 patients (2.9%), which were found in time and handled properly. The median postoperative hospital stay was 13.0 (12.0, 24.5) days, and all the patients had resumed oral feeding upon discharge. (4) Postoperative complications: Fourteen patients (13.3%) had 18 major complications (grade III to V). The incidence of postoperative anastomotic leakage was 5.7% (6/105), and the incidence of anastomotic leakage for ileocolon anastomosis and ileoileal anastomosis was 2.2% (2/92) and 4/13, respectively (χ(2)=17.29, P<0.001). The incidence of postoperative anastomotic leakage of intestinal fistula and intestinal obstruction was 3/18 and 3.4% (3/87), respectively (χ(2)=4.84, P=0.028). The mortality at 30 days after operation was 1.0% (1/105), after abdominal infection and septic shock caused by postoperative anastomotic leakage resulting in multiple organ failure. Conclusion: For chronic radiation intestinal injury patients with obstruction or fistula, definitive surgical treatment is feasible and safe with acceptable major complications.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anastomosis, Surgical , Anastomotic Leak , Intestines , Postoperative Complications , Radiation Injuries , Retrospective Studies
20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5719-5726, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921757

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to explore the effect and mechanism of Jiawei Baitouweng Decoction(JWBTW) against ulcerative colitis(UC) from the perspective of intestinal mucosal tight junction proteins. From 60 SPF-grade male SD rats, 10 were randomly selected as the blank control, and the remaining 50 were treated with 3% dextran sodium sulfate(DSS) solution to induce UC and then randomized into the model group, mesalazine group, and low-, medium-, and high-dose JWBTW( L-JWBTW, M-JWBTW and H-JWBTW) groups, with 10 rats in each group. After successive medication for 14 days, the rat general conditions like body weight and stool were observed and the disease activity index(DAI) was calculated. The pathological changes in colon tissue was observed under a microscope for injury severity scoring and histopathological scoring. The serum endotoxin content was determined by limulus assay, followed by the measurement of protein expression levels of ZO-1, occludin, claudin-1, p38 MAPK, MLCK, MLC2 and p-MLC in colon tissue by Western blot. The results showed that compared with the blank group, the model group exhibited significantly reduced body weight, elevated DAI, injury severity and histopathological scores and serum endotoxin content, up-regulated protein expression levels of p38 MAPK, MLCK, MLC2 and p-MLC, and down-regulated ZO-1, occludin and claudin-1. Compared with the model group,mesalazine and JWBTW at each dose obviously increased the body weight, lowered the DAI, injury severity and histopathological scores and serum endotoxin content, down-regulated the protein expression levels of p38 MAPK, MLCK, MLC2 and p-MLC, and up-regulated the ZO-1, occludin and claudin-1, with the most obvious changes noticed in the H-JWBTW group. All these have indicated that JWBTW exerts the therapeutic effect against UC by inhibiting the activation of p38 MAPK/MLCK pathway, reversing the protein expression levels of occludin, claudin-1 and ZO-1, decreasing the serum endotoxin content, promoting the repair of intestinal mucosal mechanical barrier, maintaining the integrity of tight junctions, and reducing the permeability of intestinal mucosa.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Colitis, Ulcerative/genetics , Disease Models, Animal , Intestinal Mucosa , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , Tight Junction Proteins/genetics , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/genetics
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