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1.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 480-486,C4, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989486

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the change of syndesmotic volume via CT scan in Danis-Weber B type ankle fracture, aiming to provide a non-invasive diagnostic method for Danis-Weber B type ankle fracture combined with syndesmotic injury.Methods:Retrospective analysis was performed on 48 patients with Danis-Weber B type ankle fractures in Shanghai Sixth People′s Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from January 2018 to March 2022, including 30 males and 18 females, aging (43.71±19.41) years. Ankle CT scans and three-dimensional reconstructions were performed before surgery and at the last follow-up, measuring the syndesmotic volume between the tibiotalar joint and 1, 3 and 5 cm above the ankle and compared with each other. Intraoperative exploration was used as the gold standard for the syndesmotic injury. Based on the results of exploration of the syndesmotic injury, patients were divided into simple ankle fracture group (fracture group, 25 cases) and ankle fracture combined with syndesmotic injury group (fracture + ligament group, 23 cases). The sensitivity and specificity of this diagnostic method were statistically evaluated. The assessments at the last follow-up were performed to value the clinical effect of surgery. The metric data conforming to the normal distribution were expressed as mean ± standard deviation ( ± s), and the t-tests were used for comparison between groups. The measurement data of skewed distribution were expressed as quartile M( Q1, Q3), and nonparametric tests were used for intergroup comparison. Counting data were expressed as number of cases and percentage (%), and Chi-square test were used for intergroup comparison. Results:In the fracture group, there were no statistically significant differences of the syndesmotic volume at 1, 3, and 5 cm above the ankle joint before surgery and at the last follow-up ( P=0.219, 0.269, 0.103). On the contrary, the volume above were statistically significant in the fracture + ligament group ( P<0.001). There were statistically significant differences in syndesmotic volume between the two groups at 1, 3, and 5 cm above the ankle joint preoperatively ( P=0.005, 0.004, 0.038). By contrast, there were no statistical differences between the two groups postoperatively ( P=0.082, 0.155, 0.249). For the sensitivity and specificity of Danis-Weber B type ankle fractures combined with syndesmotic injury, they were 92% and 67% at 1 cm above the ankle joint, 69% and 87% at 3 cm above the ankle joint, and 62% and 87% at 5 cm above the ankle joint, respectively. The last follow-up clinical function score indicated a good surgical outcome. Conclusions:Volumetric measurement via CT scan is one of the diagnostic methods for evaluating Danis-Weber B type ankle fracture combined with syndesmotic injurys. Open resection internal fixation combined with elastic fixation of the ankle fracture combined with syndesmotic injurys can significantly reduce the lower tibiofibular volume, and the efficacy is definite.

2.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 473-480,C2-C3, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989485

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of osteochondral fragment fixation using bioabsorbable pins for Hepple Ⅱ osteochondral lesions of the talus (OLT) in adolescents.Methods:Retrospective case analysis was used. The clinical data and follow-up results of 13 adolescent patients (13 feet) with Hepple Ⅱ OLT were all treated with osteochondral fragment fixation using bioabsorbable pins admitted to Shanghai Sixth People′s Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from January 2017 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 7 males and 6 females, with 13 right feet. The age was (14.85±2.23) years old, ranged from 12 to 18 years old. According to the American orthopedic foot and ankle society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score, visual analogue scale (VAS) and SF-36 score before operation and at the last follow-up were used to evaluate the efficacy and function of the patients. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as mean ± standard deviation( ± s), and the comparison between groups was conducted using the t-test; The mearsurement data with skewness distribution were expressed by M( Q1, Q3), and rank-sum test was used for inter-group comparison. Results:Thirteen adolescent patients (13 feet) with Hepple Ⅱ OLT underwent surgery successfully and were followed up for (25.54±9.95) months. All wounds healed by first intention, and no complications such as wound infection and delayed healing occurred. Preoperative AOFAS ankle-posterior foot score, VAS and SF-36 score were 58.62±3.55, 7.00 (6.50, 8.00) and 68.38±4.81, respectively. At the last follow-up, the scores were 97.38±2.73, 1.00 (0.00, 1.00), 91.15±4.28, respectively, and the results were significantly improved at the last follow-up, with the difference between the two groups statistically significant( P<0.05). Conclusion:Osteochondral fragment fixation using bioabsorbable pins which can promote cartilage repair, significantly improve symptoms, and achieve better clinical satisfaction with fewer complications, is a safe and effective surgical treatment option for Hepple Ⅱ OLT in adolescents with satisfactory short-term clinical outcomes.

3.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 385-393, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992613

ABSTRACT

Osteochondral lesion of talus (OLT) is a foot and ankle disease characterized by ankle pain, which may impact the joint function and life quality. If managed improperly, it may lead to a further ankle arthritis, severely compromising the prognosis. The therapeutic effect of conservative treatment for OLT is still uncertain. Surgery is still the main treatment modality for OLT with various techniques. However, the optimized surgical technique is still inconclusive, furthermore, regeneration and repair of cartilage after debridement is also a great challenge for the treatment of OLT. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) with good repair effect on cartilage injury is gradually applied in the treatment of OLT. However, there still lacks the unified understanding of the technique and specification of PRP for the treatment of OLT. Therefore, National Orthopedics Center of Shanghai Sixth People′s Hospital allied Foot Ankle Basic Research & Orthopedics Group, Chinese Association of Orthopedic Surgeons; Foot and Ankle Committee of Chinese Association of Sports Medicine Physicians; and Foot and Ankle Group of Orthopedic Specialized Branch of Shanghai Medical Association to organize related experts to formulate the Expert consensus on platelet- rich plasma treatment for osteochondral lesion of talus ( version2023). Fifteen recommendations were put forward upon PRP preparation, indications, contraindications and treatment methods of PRP for OLT, so as to standardize the PRP treatment for OLT.

4.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 433-438, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954227

ABSTRACT

Chronic syndesmosis injury is of great difficulty in foot and ankle trauma with a high post-traumtaic arthritis morbidity, deformity and disability rate, which is always caused by a delayed management or improper initial surgical treatment, and need an active intervention. Currently, various of treatment technique for chronic syndesmosis injury has been described, however, the optimal strategy should be determined by patient′s classification, symptoms, activity demands and severity of arthritis to maximally relieve the symptoms, preserve functions and improve the life quality. This article will overview the diagnosis and management of chronic syndesmosis injury in this article.

5.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 299-304, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932328

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the morphology of dorsal medial talar neck osteophyte (DMTNO) and its association with anteromedial ankle impingement syndrome (AAIS) using CT 3D reconstruction images.Methods:The present retrospective study included 23 patients with AAIS due to DMTNO (case group) and 23 patients with DMTNO but without AAIS (control group) who had been admitted from February 2019 to June 2021. Multi-slice CT data (DICOM) of DMTNO in both groups were collected and imported into Arigin 3D Pro 3D reconstruction software to reconstruct and observe the 3D morphology of DMTNO. The dorsal convex distance, medial convex distance and anterior convex distance of DMTNO were measured to find their association with AAIS.Results:In the case group, DMTNO clearly showed a flat polyhedral shape with a large base and a small top; in the control group, DMTNO showed various shapes that were different mainly in an irregular top but similar in a large, long and narrow base. The dorsal convex distance [(8.07±2.30) mm] and medial convex distance [(6.70±2.62) mm] in the case group were significantly larger than those in the control group [(3.59±1.10) mm and (1.98±0.93) mm] ( P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between the 2 groups in the anterior convex distance ( P>0.05). Conclusions:The DMTNO leading to AAIS shows a flat polyhedral shape with a large base and a small top. No correlation is found between the anterior convex and AAIS whereas the dorsal convex and medial convex of DMTNO may be closely associated with AAIS.

6.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 10-18, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932285

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the mid-term efficacy of surgery for sub-acute injury to distal tibiofibular syndesmosis associated with ankle fracture.Methods:From July 2014 to October 2019, 14 patients were treated at Foot & Ankle Section, Department of Orthopaedics, Shanghai Sixth People’s Hospital for sub-acute injury to distal tibiofibular syndesmosis associated with ankle fracture.There were 11 males and 3 females, aged from 17 to 61 years (mean, 35.9 years).According to Danis-Weber classification, 6 cases were type B and 8 type C; according to Lauge-Hansen classification, 7 cases belonged to supination-external rotation, one to pronation-abduction, and 6 to pronation-external rotation (Maisonneuve fracture in 4).The syndesmosis injury was treated by fixation with distal tibiofibular screws in 11 cases, by Tightrope elastic fixation in one, by hybrid fixation with distal tibiofibular screws and Tightrope in one, and by distal tibiofibular fusion in one.Postoperative complications were recorded.Their visual analogue scale (VAS) and American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society ankle-hindfoot scores (AOFAS-AH) were compared between preoperation and the last follow-up.Results:The 14 patients were followed up for 24 to 85 months (mean, 46.8 months). Of the 9 patients whose distal tibiofibular screws had been removed (including one with hybrid fixation), wound infection occurred in one after removal of all the internal fixation, distal tibiofibular widening in 2, ankle degeneration in 5 and fibular nonunion in one. Of the other 3 patients whose distal tibiofibular screws had not been removed, screw breakage happened in 2, screw loosening in one and distal tibiofibular widening in one. The VAS scores were significantly improved from preoperative 6.8±0.9 to 1.4±1.3 at the last follow-up; the AOFAS-AH scores were increased significantly from preoperative 35.3±6.3 to 86.8±11.7 at the last follow-up (both P<0.001). According to AOFAS-AH scores, 8 cases were excellent, 4 good and 2 moderate. Conclusion:Surgery for sub-acute injury to distal tibiofibular syndesmosis associated with ankle fracture can restabilize the distal tibiofibular syndesmosis and ankle joint, reduce pain and improve ankle function, leading to fine mid-term efficacy.

7.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 701-707, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956495

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of posterior ankle arthroscopic microfracture with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injection for the treatment of posterior osteochondral lesions of the talus (OLT).Methods:A retrospective case series study was conducted on clinical data of 13 patients with posterior OLT admitted to Shanghai Sixth People′s Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University from September 2019 to October 2020. There were 10 males and 3 females, aged 10-65 years [(38.2±15.9)years]. According to Hepple′s classification, four patients were with type II, three with type IV, and six with type V. According to Elias′ grid scheme, nine patients were in zone 7 and four patients in zone 9. The disease duration was 13-51 months [(26.2±11.4)months]. All patients underwent posterior ankle arthroscopic microfracture with PRP injection. The operation time was recorded. The visual analogue scale (VAS), American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score, and ankle range of motion (ROM) were compared before operation and at 3 months and 1 year after operation. The magnetic resonance observation of cartilage repair tissue (MOCART) score was used to evaluate the repair of cartilage injury at 1 year after operation. Complications were recorded.Results:All patients were followed up for 12-25 months [(15.7±3.7)months]. The operation time ranged from 50 to 90 minutes [(63.8±13.3)minutes]. The VAS improved from 3.0(3.0, 4.0)points before operation to 1.0(0, 2.0)points at 3 months after operation and 1.0(0,1.5)points at 1 year after operation; the AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score was improved from (66.1±11.8)points before operation to (84.8±9.5)points at 3 months after operation and (92.9±8.6)points at 1 year after operation; the ankle ROM was improved from (48.5±7.5)° before operation to (61.9±10.3)° at 3 months after operation and (65.4±11.8)° at 1 year after operation (all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in VAS at 3 months and 1 year after operation ( P>0.05). There were significant differences in AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score and ankle ROM at 3 months and 1 year after operation (all P<0.05). According to AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score, the results were excellent in 11 patients, good in one, and fair in one, with the excellent and good rate of 92%. The MOCART score was 40-85 points [(70.4±14.2)points] at 1 year after operation. There was no postoperative necrosis, infection or neurovascular injury. Two patients had slight transient pain during rehabilitation training and were improved after non-surgical treatment. Conclusion:For posterior OLT, posterior ankle arthroscopic microfracture with PRP injection can effectively alleviate pain, improve ankle function and repair cartilage damage, with satisfactory short-term efficacy.

8.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 693-700, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956494

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the short-term outcome of arthroscopic modified Brostr?m procedure plus minimally invasive calcaneal osteotomy for the treatment of chronic lateral ankle instability combined with subtle cavus foot.Methods:A retrospective cohort study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 12 patients suffering chronic lateral ankle instability combined with subtle cavus foot admitted to Shanghai Sixth People′s Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University from November 2016 to November 2020, including 5 males and 7 females, aged 16-62 years [(40.3±15.1)years]. All patients were treated with arthroscopic modified Brostr?m procedure plus minimally invasive calcaneal osteotomy. The calcaneal pitch angle, Meary′s angle and medial cuneiform height on the foot weight-bearing lateral view plus calcaneus valgus angle on the hindfoot long axial view were compared to evaluate the improvement of bony structure and foot alignment preoperatively and at 3 months and 1 year postoperatively. At the same time, American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score and visual analogue scale (VAS) were used to evaluate the improvement of ankle function and pain. Postoperative complications were also observed and recorded.Results:All patients were followed up for 1-3 years [(1.6±0.6)years]. The calcaneal pitch angle was decreased from (24.6±5.3)° preoperatively to (22.5±4.9)° at postoperative 3 months and (22.3±5.0)° at postoperative 1 year; the Meary′s angle was decreased from 6.6°(5.2°,7.6°) preoperatively to 2.5°(0.5°,3.8°) at postoperative 3 months and 2.1°(0.5°,3.2°) at postoperative 1 year; the medial cuneiform height was decreased from (24.3±5.3)mm preoperatively to (22.3±4.8)mm at postoperative 3 months and (22.3±4.6)mm at postoperative 1 year; the calcaneus valgus angle was increased from -7.1°(-10.3°,-5.9°) preoperatively to 2.3°(-2.5°,4.5°) at postoperative 3 months and 2.4°(-1.6°,3.8°) at postoperative 1 year (all P<0.01). However, there were no significant differences in the calcaneal pitch angle, Meary′s angle, medial cuneiform height, and calcaneus valgus angle at postoperative 3 months and 1 year (all P>0.05). AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score was increased from (66.8±8.7)points preoperatively to (81.0±5.9)points at postoperative 3 months and (88.6±3.6)points at postoperative 1 year (all P<0.01). According to AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score, the results were excellent in four patients and good in eight patients at postoperative 1 year, with the excellent and good rate of 100%. VAS was decreased from 2.5(2.0,4.0)points preoperatively to 2.0(1.3,2.8)points at postoperative 3 months and 1.0(0,2.0)points at postoperative 1 year (all P<0.01). There were significant differences in the AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score and VAS at postoperative 3 months and 1 year (all P<0.05). Wound malunion was seen in one patient, and healed with a dress changing. All patients had no complications such as vascular or nerve injury. There was no recurrence of malformation or joint instability during 1-year follow-up. Conclusion:For chronic lateral ankle instability combined with subtle cavus foot, arthroscopic modified Brostr?m procedure plus minimally invasive calcaneal osteotomy can stabilize ankle joint, correct hindfoot alignment, improve function and relieve pain.

9.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 681-685, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956492

ABSTRACT

Acute athletic injuries of foot and ankle may involve bony structures, ligaments and tendons, and most patients manifest as various degrees of swelling, pain and limited motion. Lacking of specificity, the injuries can be easily overlooked by the patients and even by the doctors. Furthermore, the diagnosis can not be confirmed in a portion of the injuries via a routine radiographic examination due to their obscurity, leading to a certain rate of tmiss diagnosis and misdiagnosis, which can be clarified by a detailed specialized physical and radiographic examination. For acute athletic injuries of foot and ankle, the miss diagnosis or misdiagnosis may lead to complications such as chronic joint instability, osteochondral lesion, impingement, and even post-traumatic arthritis, which severely impacts the patients′ life quality. Therefore, the authors discuss the issues requiring attention in the diagnosis and management of acute athletic injuries of foot and ankle to improve the clinical outcome of such pattern of injuries.

10.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 315-320, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867721

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical results of reduction and fixation via fibular osteotomy for treatment of old ankle fractures involving the posterior malleolus in middle-aged and elderly patients.Methods:A retrospective case series study was made for 13 middle-aged and elderly patients with old ankle fractures involving the posterior malleolus treated from July 2013 to March 2018 in Sixth People's Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University. There were 2 males and 11 females, with age of 48-63 years (mean, 54.8 years). The mean surgical period was 8-18 weeks from injury (mean, 9.6 weeks). According to Haraguchi classification, all posterior malleolar fractures were type I. According to Lauge-Hansen classification, there were 2 patients with pronation-external rotation type and 11 with supination-external rotation type. All patients underwent open reduction and fixation via fibular osteotomy. Bone healing time and postoperative complications were recorded. Clinical results were assessed by visual analogue scale (VAS) score and American orthopedic foot and ankle society (AOFAS) ankle-hind score.Results:All patients were followed up for average 20.3 months (range, 9-36 months). All patients had bone union, with the mean healing period of 12-15 weeks (average 14.8 weeks). No infection, implant loosening or breakage occurred after operation. X-ray film of one patient suggested mild traumatic arthritis. At the latest follow-up, VAS was improved to (1.0±0.2)points compared to pre-operative (5.3±0.6)points ( P<0.05), and the AOFAS ankle-hind score was improved to (85.2±7.4)points compared to pre-operative (42.4±6.7)points ( P<0.05). According to the AOFAS ankle-hind score, the results were excellent in 4 patients, good in 8, moderate in 1, with the excellent and good rate of 92%. Conclusion:For old ankle fractures involving the posterior malleolus in the middle-aged and elderly patients, reduction and fixation via fibular can reduce postoperative complications, facilitate bone healing, relieve ankle pain and improve function recovery.

11.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 978-985, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824408

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare instrumentation with 3D-printed patient-specific guides versus conventional techniques in supramalleolar osteotomy for varus ankle osteoarthritis.Methods A retrospective analysis was done of the 21 patients with varus ankle osteoarthritis who had been treated at Department of Orthopaedics,Shanghai JiaoTong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital from January 2017 to December 2018.They were divided into 2 groups by their treatment methods.In the 9 patients treated by instrumentation with 3D-printed patient-specific guides,there were 6 males and 3 females with an age of 54.6 ±8.6 years,4 left and 5 right sides involved,and one case of Takakura stage 1,3 cases of Takakura stage 2 and 5 cases of Takakura stage 3a.In the 12 patients treated by conventional techniques,there were 7 males and 5 females with an age of 53.0 ± 6.5 years,7 left and 5 right sides involved,and one case of Takakura stage 1,5 cases of Takakura stage 2 and 6 cases of Takakura stage 3a.The 3D printed guide group and the conventional group were compared in terms of operation time,intraoperative blood loss and frequency of intraoperative fluoroscopy,tibial anterior surface angle (TAS),talar tilt angle (TT),and tibial lateral surface angle (TLS).The differences in TAS,TT and TLS between pre-and post-operation in the 3D printed guide group were also evaluated.Results There were no significant differences in the preoperative general data between the 2 groups (P > 0.05),indicating they were comparable.All the patients were available for follow-up for an average of 7.8 months (from 3 to 15 months).The 3D printed guide group incurred significantly shorter operation time (106.2 ± 10.6 min),less intraoperative blood loss (207.2 ± 16.0 mL) and lower fluoroscopy frequency (2 ± 0) than the conventional osteotomy group (all P < 0.01).The post-operative TAS (94.3° ± 3.2°) and TT (3.8° ± 0.8°) angles in the 3D guide group were significantly different from their preoperative values (84.6°±3.5° and 7.6°± 1.6°) (P < 0.01).The 3D printed guide group was not significantly different from the conventional group in postoperative TAS (94.3°± 3.2° versus 92.4°±5.9°),TT (3.8° ± 0.8° versus 4.2° ± 1.1°) or TLS (83.7° ± 3.4° versus 84.2° ± 2.2°) angles (P >0.05).Conclusions Compared with conventional techniques,instrumentation with 3D-printed patient-specific guides can shorten operation time and reduce intraoperative blood loss and fluoroscopy frequency.The 3D printed patient-specific guides in osteotomy can facilitate accurate correction of varus deformity,leading to similar efficacy compared with conventional osteotomy.

12.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 321-327, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745118

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the surgical techniques and clinical outcomes of ankle distraction arthroplasty with platelet-rich plasma(PRP) injection for post-traumatic ankle arthritis.Methods From May 2012 to May 2017,32 patients with post-traumatic ankle arthritis were treated at Department of Orthopaedic Surgery,Shanghai Sixth Peopled Hospital.They were 22 males and 10 females,with an age of 32.6±5.8 years(from 18 to 40 years).Their course of disease was 14.0±2.8 months(from 6 to 24 months).After failure of the conservative management for at least 6 months,they received ankle distraction arthroplasty with PRP injection.American Orthopaedic Foot&Ankle Society(AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score and visual analogue scale(VAS) were used to evaluate the final overall outcomes.Range of motion(ROM) of the ankle joint and complications were also recorded postoperatively.Results Pin tract infection occurred in 12 patients but responded to alcohol care.All the patients were followed up for an average of 36 months(from 18 to 60 months).The VAS score decreased significantly from preoperative 6.8±1.2 to postoperative 8±1.4;the AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score increased significantly from preoperative 38.5±6.2 to 80.3±8.1 at the final follow-up;dorsal expansion and plantar flexion of the ankle increased significantly from preoperative 8.3°±7.0° and 24.7°±6.4° to 12.8°±6.5° and 31.4°±5.3° at the final follow-up,respectively(all P<0.05).Two patients had to receive salvage arthrodesis after conservative management failed to relieve their symptoms or delay the progression of their post-traumatic arthritis.Conclusion Ankle distraction arthroplasty with PRP injection is an effective ankle preserving surgery which can relieve symptoms,improve functions and delay progression of post-traumatic ankle arthritis.

13.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 978-985, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800793

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare instrumentation with 3D-printed patient-specific guides versus conventional techniques in supramalleolar osteotomy for varus ankle osteoarthritis.@*Methods@#A retrospective analysis was done of the 21 patients with varus ankle osteoarthritis who had been treated at Department of Orthopaedics, Shanghai JiaoTong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital from January 2017 to December 2018. They were divided into 2 groups by their treatment methods. In the 9 patients treated by instrumentation with 3D-printed patient-specific guides, there were 6 males and 3 females with an age of 54.6±8.6 years, 4 left and 5 right sides involved, and one case of Takakura stage 1, 3 cases of Takakura stage 2 and 5 cases of Takakura stage 3a. In the 12 patients treated by conventional techniques, there were 7 males and 5 females with an age of 53.0±6.5 years, 7 left and 5 right sides involved, and one case of Takakura stage 1, 5 cases of Takakura stage 2 and 6 cases of Takakura stage 3a. The 3D printed guide group and the conventional group were compared in terms of operation time, intraoperative blood loss and frequency of intraoperative fluoroscopy, tibial anterior surface angle (TAS), talar tilt angle (TT), and tibial lateral surface angle (TLS). The differences in TAS, TT and TLS between pre- and post-operation in the 3D printed guide group were also evaluated.@*Results@#There were no significant differences in the preoperative general data between the 2 groups (P>0.05), indicating they were comparable. All the patients were available for follow-up for an average of 7.8 months (from 3 to 15 months). The 3D printed guide group incurred significantly shorter operation time (106.2±10.6 min), less intraoperative blood loss (207.2±16.0 mL) and lower fluoroscopy frequency (2±0) than the conventional osteotomy group (all P<0.01). The post-operative TAS (94.3°±3.2°) and TT (3.8°±0.8°) angles in the 3D guide group were significantly different from their preoperative values (84.6°±3.5° and 7.6°±1.6°) (P<0.01). The 3D printed guide group was not significantly different from the conventional group in postoperative TAS (94.3°±3.2° versus 92.4°±5.9°), TT (3.8°±0.8° versus 4.2°±1.1°) or TLS (83.7°±3.4° versus 84.2°±2.2°) angles (P>0.05).@*Conclusions@#Compared with conventional techniques, instrumentation with 3D-printed patient-specific guides can shorten operation time and reduce intraoperative blood loss and fluoroscopy frequency. The 3D printed patient-specific guides in osteotomy can facilitate accurate correction of varus deformity, leading to similar efficacy compared with conventional osteotomy.

14.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 476-481, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707507

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate surgical treatment for Lisfranc injury with cuboid compressive fracture.Methods Totally 19 cases of Lisfranc injury with cuboid compressive fracture were treated at Department of Orthopaedic Surgery,Shanghai Sixth People's Hospital from June 2010 to June 2016.They were 12 men and 7 women,with an average age of 41.2 years (from 20 to 70 years).Selective open reduction and internal fixation was not applied for all the cases until their soft tissue condition was improved.American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) and visual analogue scale (VAS) were used to evaluate the outcomes.Results Of this cohort,18 cases were followed up for an average of 4 years (from 1 to 7 years).Their postoperative AOFAS midfoot scores ranged from 56 to 97 points,averaging 81.9 points;their VAS scores ranged from 0 to 7 points,averaging 1.7 points.Two patients reported persistent pain due to traumatic midfoot arthritis which was cured by arthrodesis after conservative therapy failed.No such complications as nonunion,malunion or implant failure occurred in the other patients.Conclusion Open reduction and internal fixation combined with bone graft and external fixation is an effective treatment for Lisfranc injury with cuboid compressive fracture,because it can restore the alignment of lateral column and achieve rigid stabilization.

15.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 447-451, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693259

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of the treatment for Maisonneuve fracture with arthroscopicassistant plate-screw fixation ofsyndesmosis.Methods From January 2015 to December 2016,totally 22 patients with Maisonneuve fracture were treated in Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Six People's Hospital.Eleven patients in minimal invasive surgery (MIS)group were treated by the arthroscopic-assistant plate-screw fixation ofthe syndesmotic injury.Another 11 patients in the control group were performed a classic syndesmosis screw fixation.Plain radiographic examination was carried out during the follow-up.Functional evaluation was measured according to the American Orthopedic Foot Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle hindfoot score and the Visual analogue scale(VAS).A t test was applied for the statistic analysis of post-operative outcome between the two groups at 6th and 12th month.Results The patients were followed for an average 18 months (range from 12 to 24 months)except one of MIS group.The X-ray demonstrated the solid bone union occurred on the 12th week in MIS group and 12.5th week in the control group.The implants of syndesmosis were removed at 12th week post-operatively.No cases of re-diastasis occurred during the follow-up.There was significant difference with in the groups.In the MIS group,the AOFAS ankle hindfoot score was (85.9 ±4.1) points at 6th month post-operatively,and increased to (90.8 ± 3.7) at 12th month (P < 0.05).VAS score was (2.4 ± 1.2) at 6th month and (1.1 ± 0.7) at 12th month after the operation(P <0.05).In the control group,the AOFAS ankle hindfoot score was (81.1 ±4.7) points at 6th month after operation,and increased to (89.1 ± 3.4) at 12th month after operation (P < 0.05).VAS score was (3.2 ± 1.3) at the 6th month and (1.0 ± 1.0) at the 12th month after operation (P < 0.05).However,for the outcome comparison between the two groups,only the AOFAS ankle hindfoot score of 6th month post-operatively in MIS group was better than the control group (P < 0.05),other results,had no significant difference.Nocomplications of implant failure,nonunion,malunion or post-traumatic arthritis were occurred during the followup.Conclusion The treatment of Maisonneuve fracture by arthroscopic-assistant plate-screw fixation proved to have an advantage of minimal invasion and accurate reduction and fixation,which is a safe and effective surgical method.

16.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 1019-1023, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707406

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical results of wedge osteotomy and subtalar arthrodesis for rockbottom malunion after calcaneal fracture.Methods From February 2014 to February 2015,9 cases of rockbottom malunion after calcaneal fracture were treated with wedged osteotomy and subtalar arthrodesis.They were 8 men and one woman,aged from 31 to 49 years (average,40.5 years).Weight-bearing X-rays were taken before surgery and at final follow-ups.Talar declination,lateral talocalcaneal angle,lateral talo-first metatarsal angle and B(o)hler's angle were used to evaluate correction of the malunion.The American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot scale and visual analogue scale (VAS) for pain were used to assess functional recovery.Results Eight of them were fully followed up for an average time of 30.6 months (from 27 to 38 months).All the osteotomy sites and subtalar joints obtained bony union after an average of 17.1 weeks (from 12 to 22 weeks).The talar declination was improved from 2.5° (from-6° to 13°) preoperatively to 13.2° (from 5° to 19°) postoperatively,the lateral talocalcaneal angle from-0.2° (from-15° to 10°) preoperatively to 20.2° (from 7° to 25°) postoperatively,the talo-first metatarsal angle from 21.1° (from 10° to 30°) preoperatively to 9.9° (from 5° to 14°) postoperatively,and the calcaneal B(o)hler' s angle from-25.6° (from-39° to-10°) preoperatively to 22.4° (from 10° to 35°) postoperatively.The AOFAS score averaged 26.6° (from 12 to 53) preoperatively and 79.7 (from 72 to 89) at the final follow-up;the VAS score averaged 7.5 (from 6 to 9) preoperatively and 2.6 (from 2 to 3) at the final follow-up.Both scores demonstrated improvements after operation.Conclusions Since the pathoanatomy of rockbottom malunion after calcaneal fracture consist in severe loss of calcaneal height,resulting in horizontalization of the talus and anterior ankle impingement,wedge osteotomy and sutalar arthrodesis can effectively correct the malunion,restore the loss of calcaneal height and hindfoot malalignment,and relieve the symptoms.

17.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 2356-2360, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-463892

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Dorsal digital block refers to the commonly used anesthesia for adults in smal or moderate hand injury surgeries, but in recent years, modified transthecal digital block technique is gradualy respected, which is favored with a rapid and good effect and fewer complications. OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the clinical anesthetic outcomes of modified transthecal digital block and traditional dorsal digital block technique for the treatment of hand injury of adults in emergency by a prospective randomized controled study. METHODS:Totaly 60 adult patients with hand injury were enroled and divided into two groups of modified transthecal digital block and traditional dorsal digital block randomly. Blocks were performed by one single surgeon. The operation time, local anesthetic dose, onset time of anesthesia, duration of anesthesia, success rate of anesthesia, visual analogue scale scores and complications were recorded. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:The anesthesia effects in the two groups were acceptable. There was no significant difference in the onset time of anesthesia, duration of anesthesia, success rate of anesthesia and complications between the two groups (P > 0.05). The operation time of anesthesia, local anesthetic dose, and visual analogue scale scores were significantly different between the two groups (P< 0.05). Modified transthecal digital block is more convenient and has less pain than the traditional root digital block, which is a safe and reliable anesthetic technique.

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Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 43-46, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-443168

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Objective To evaluate the surgical techniques and clinical outcomes of treating osteoporotic fracture of proximal humerus with Spatial Subchondral Support (S3) locking plate of proximal humerus.Methods From July 2010 to July 2011,21 patients with osteoporotic fracture of proximal humerus,12 males and 9 females,were treated in our department.They were 66.0 years old on average (from 58 to 80 years old).According to the Neer classification system,13 cases were 3-part fractures,8 4-part fractures,and 2 combined with shoulder dislocation.All cases were evaluated carefully with routine CT scans pre-operatively to define the type of fracture and the involvement of articular surface.Open reduction and internal fixation with S3 locking plate of proximal humerus was performed 2 to 7 days after injury (average,4.0 days).Regular X-ray follow-ups were taken and complications recorded as well.Overall function evaluation was carried out according to the modified Constant-Murley score system (CMS) and visual analogue scale (VAS).Results The 18 cases were followed up for a mean duration of 18.0 months (from 12 to 24 months).No complications of wound infection,implant failure or impingement were observed during the follow-ups.Bone union was achieved after an average of 12.0 weeks (from 10 to 14 weeks).On average,the Modified CMS score was 80.2 and the VAS score 1.5.At the post-operative 10th and 13th months,X-ray manifested avascular necrosis of the humeral head respectively in 2 cases of 4-part fractures,who suffered from moderate pain which was relieved after conservative treatment.Conclusion Fixation with S3 locking plate of proximal humerus is a safe and effective treatment of osteoporotic fracture of proximal humerus,because it is rigid and avoids plate-related impingement.

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Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 298-303, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432169

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Objective To evaluate the clinical outcomes of limited open reduction via sinus tarsi approach and traditional open reduction internal fixation of the treatment for Sanders type Ⅱ calcaneal fracture.Methods Between February 2010 and February 2011,30 patients were enrolled into our study and were divided into minimal invasive and traditional groups randomly.Each group consisted of 15 patients.When soft tissue swelling subsided,the patients of mininal invasive group were performed a limited ORIF via a sinus tarsi incision,while those traditional groups were performed ORIF via a classical lateral extensile L-shape approach.X-rays were taken in the regular follow-up,B(o)hler and Gissane angle were measured.The final curative effect was comprehensively assessed according to visual analogue scale (VAS),the ankle and hind-foot score of American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) and SF-36 at the last follow-up,with the complications recorded.Results The average time of the follow-up was 16.9 nonths and 19.9months respectively in two groups.Superficial skin necrosis occurred in 2 cases in traditional group.X-ray demonstrated bone union 3 months after the operation in both groups.And no implant failure occurred.The B(o)hler angle of minimal invasive group was 13.1°±3.8° and the traditional group was 14.9°±4.3°,the Gissane angle of minimal invasive group was 28.1°±7.8° and the traditional group was 26.2°±8.2°.The average AOFAS ankle and hindfoot score of minimal invasive group at final follow-up was 91.2±15.9,and the average VAS score was 1.7±1.3,while the traditional group was 82.4±14.7 and 1.9±2.1 respectively.But SF-36 score in minimal invasive group (79.5±12.1) was higher than that in traditional group (70.2±12.4).Four patients in minimal invasive group and 15 in traditional group suffered from varying degrees of subtalar joint stiffness.Conclusion No significant difference was found between the two groups in the short-term efficacy of the treatment for Sanders type Ⅱ calcaneal fracture.However,minimal invasive technique has the advantages of lower soft tissue complication rate and lower suhtalar joint stiffness rate.

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Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 648-653, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-427641

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize and evaluate the technique and clinical outcome of limited tarsal sinus incision plus locking plate internal fixation for minimally invasive treatment of intra-articular calcaneal fractures. Methods Between February 2010 and February 2011,16 cases of intra-articular calcaneal fractures were treated in a minimally invasive manner in our department. All cases were evaluated carefully with routine X-rays and CT scans preoperatively to define the type of fracture and the involvement of articular surface.Open reduction and locking plate internal fixation with percutaneous screws were performed via a limited tarsal sinus approach 3 to 6 days after injury (average,4 days).Regular X-ray follow-ups were conducted to measure the Bohler's and Gissane angles.Overall functional evaluation was carried out according to Visual Analogue Scale (VAS),the Hind-foot Score by American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) and Short Form 36 Health Survey Questionnaire (SF-36).Complications were recorded as well.Results The 13 cases were followed up for a mean duration of 18 months (from 12 to 24 months).There were no wound infection,skin and flap necrosis or implant failure.Bone union was achieved at an average of 10 weeks (from 8 to 12 weeks) post-operatively.The average Bohler's angle was improved significantly from 13.4° ± 3.4° (from 8° to 19°) pre-operatively to 26.5° ± 4.5° ( from 21° to 38°) post-operatively ( t =9.781,P < 0.001 ).The average Gissane angle was improved significantly from 88.1° ± 7.6° (from 77° to 100°)pre-operatively to 116.2°±7.5° (from 100°to 124°) post-operatively (t =12.934,P <0.001).On average,the VAS score was 1.5 ± 1.7,the AOFAS score was 84.2 ± 5.9 and the SF-36 score was 79.5 ± 8.1 at the final follow-up.The follow-ups revealed no post-traumatic arthritis. Conclusion Open reduction and locking plate fixation with percutaneous screws via a limited tarsal sinus incision is a safe and reliable treatment for intra-articular calcaneal fractures,because it has the advantages of direct reduction of the articular surface,solid fixation,and limited soft tissue complications.

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