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1.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1047-1058, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985515

ABSTRACT

Objective: Compare and analyze the results of the domestic Lanyi AH600 glycated hemoglobin analyzer and other different detection systems to understand the comparability of the detection results of different detectors, and establish the best cut point of Lanyi AH600 determination of haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) in the diagnosis of diabetes. Methods: Multi center cohort study was adopted. The clinical laboratory departments of 18 medical institutions independently collected test samples from their respective hospitals from March to April 2022, and independently completed comparative analysis of the evaluated instrument (Lanyi AH600) and the reference instrument HbA1c. The reference instruments include four different brands of glycosylated hemoglobin meters, including Arkray, Bio-Rad, DOSOH, and Huizhong. Scatter plot was used to calculate the correlation between the results of different detection systems, and the regression equation was calculated. The consistency analysis between the results of different detection systems was evaluated by Bland Altman method. Consistency judgment principles: (1) When the 95% limits of agreement (95% LoA) of the measurement difference was within 0.4% HbA1c and the measurement score was≥80 points, the comparison consistency was good; (2) When the measurement difference of 95% LoA exceeded 0.4% HbA1c, and the measurement score was≥80 points, the comparison consistency was relatively good; (3) The measurement score was less than 80 points, the comparison consistency was poor. The difference between the results of different detection systems was tested by paired sample T test or Wilcoxon paired sign rank sum test; The best cut-off point of diabetes was analyzed by receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC). Results: The correlation coefficient R2 of results between Lanyi AH600 and the reference instrument in 16 hospitals is≥0.99; The Bland Altman consistency analysis showed that the difference of 95% LoA in Nanjing Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital in Jiangsu Province (reference instrument: Arkray HA8180) was -0.486%-0.325%, and the measurement score was 94.6 points (473/500); The difference of 95% LoA in the Tibetan Traditional Medical Hospital of TAR (reference instrument: Bio-Rad Variant II) was -0.727%-0.612%, and the measurement score was 89.8 points; The difference of 95% LoA in the People's Hospital of Chongqing Liang Jiang New Area (reference instrument: Huizhong MQ-2000PT) was -0.231%-0.461%, and the measurement score was 96.6 points; The difference of 95% LoA in the Taihe Hospital of traditional Chinese Medicine in Anhui Province (reference instrument: Huizhong MQ-2000PT) was -0.469%-0.479%, and the measurement score was 91.9 points. The other 14 hospitals, Lanyi AH600, were compared with 4 reference instrument brands, the difference of 95% LoA was less than 0.4% HbA1c, and the scores were all greater than 95 points. The results of paired sample T test or Wilcoxon paired sign rank sum test showed that there was no statistically significant difference between Lanyi AH600 and the reference instrument Arkray HA8180 (Z=1.665,P=0.096), with no statistical difference. The mean difference between the measured values of the two instruments was 0.004%. The comparison data of Lanyi AH600 and the reference instrument of all other institutions had significant differences (all P<0.001), however, it was necessary to consider whether it was within the clinical acceptable range in combination with the results of the Bland-Altman consistency analysis. The ROC curve of HbA1c detected by Lanyi AH600 in 985 patients with diabetes and 3 423 patients with non-diabetes was analyzed, the area under curve (AUC) was 0.877, the standard error was 0.007, and the 95% confidence interval 95%CI was (0.864, 0.891), which was statistically significant (P<0.001). The maximum value of Youden index was 0.634, and the corresponding HbA1c cut point was 6.235%. The sensitivity and specificity of diabetes diagnosis were 76.2% and 87.2%, respectively. Conclusion: Among the hospitals and instruments currently included in this study, among these four hospitals included Nanjing Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital in Jiangsu Province (reference instrument: Arkray HA8180), Tibetan Traditional Medical Hospital of TAR (reference instrument: Bio-Rad Variant Ⅱ), the People's Hospital of Chongqing Liang Jiang New Area (reference instrument: Huizhong MQ-2000PT), and the Taihe Hospital of traditional Chinese Medicine in Anhui Province (reference instrument: Huizhong MQ-2000PT), the comparison between Lanyi AH600 and the reference instruments showed relatively good consistency, while the other 14 hospitals involved four different brands of reference instruments: Arkray, Bio-Rad, DOSOH, and Huizhong, Lanyi AH600 had good consistency with its comparison. The best cut point of the domestic Lanyi AH600 for detecting HbA1c in the diagnosis of diabetes is 6.235%.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Child , Humans , Female , Glycated Hemoglobin , Cohort Studies , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnosis , Sensitivity and Specificity , ROC Curve
2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5345-5355, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008732

ABSTRACT

The study investigated the effect of Buyang Huanwu Decoction(BYHWD) on endogenous biomarkers in the urine of rats with chronic inflammation induced by lipopolysaccharide(LPS) using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight-mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS), aiming to elucidate the molecular mechanism underlying the therapeutic effect of BYHWD on chronic inflammation from a metabolomics perspective. Male SD rats were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group, and low-, medium-, and high-dose BYHWD groups(7.5, 15, and 30 g·kg~(-1)). The model group and BYHWD groups received tail intravenous injection of LPS(200 μg·kg~(-1)) on the first day of each week, followed by oral administration of BYHWD once a day for four consecutive weeks. Urine samples were collected at the end of the administration period, and UPLC-Q-TOF-MS was used to analyze the metabolic profiles of the rat urine in each group. Multivariate statistical analysis methods such as principal component analysis(PCA), partial least squares-discriminant analysis(PLS-DA), and orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA) were used to analyze the effect of BYHWD on endogenous metabolites. One-way ANOVA and variable importance for the projection(VIP) were used to screen for potential biomarkers related to chronic inflammation. The identified biomarkers were subjected to pathway and enrichment analysis using MetaboAnalyst 5.0. A total of 25 potential biomarkers were screened and identified in the rat urine in this experiment. Compared with the normal group, the model group showed significant increases in the levels of 14 substances(P<0.05) and significant decreases in the levels of 11 substances(P<0.05). BYHWD was able to effectively reverse the trend of most endogenous biomarkers. Compared with the model group, BYHWD significantly down-regulated 13 biomarkers(P<0.05) and up-regulated 10 biomarkers(P<0.05). The metabolic products were mainly related to the biosynthesis of pantothenic acid and coenzyme A, tryptophan metabolism, retinol metabolism, and propionate metabolism. BYHWD has therapeutic effect on chronic inflammation induced by LPS, which may be related to its ability to improve the levels of endogenous metabolites, enhance the body's anti-inflammatory and antioxidant capabilities, and restore normal metabolic activity.


Subject(s)
Rats , Male , Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Lipopolysaccharides , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Metabolomics/methods , Inflammation/drug therapy , Biomarkers/urine
3.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 410-415, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992975

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of adjusting density exposure steps on image quality and radiation dose in digital mammography.Methods:Using the automatic exposure control (AEC) mode of the digital mammography machine, five different gland thicknesses of 4.3, 5.3, 6.3, 7.3, and 8.3 cm were simulated by attaching 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4 PMMA plexiglass plates under the RMI-156 modal body, and the density exposure steps were adjusted to -3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4 for each thickness. The target/filter combination, tube voltage, tube current, incident body surface dose (ESD), incident surface air kerma (ESAK), half-value layer (HVL) and the average glandular dose displayed by the device (displayed AGD) were recorded at each step and thickness, and the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR), figure of merit (FOM) and the calculated average glandular dose (calculated AGD) were calculated. Then, the display effects of simulated fibers, simulated calcifications and simulated masses within the modal body were scored subjectively, and the changes in image quality and radiation dose at different steps were analyzed, and the relationships between ESD and ESAK, displayed AGD and calculated AGD, and displayed AGD/ESD and calculated AGD/ESAK were analyzed. A linear fit was used for the steps with SNR, CNR, and FOM, and an exponential function curve fit was used for the steps with mAs, ESAK, and calculated AGD. The differences between ESD and ESAK, displayed AGD and calculated AGD, and displayed AGD/ESD and calculated AGD/ESAK were analyzed by paired-samples t test. Results:The CNR and SNR of mammographic images rose and fell by about 8% with each increase or decrease of one step. The scores of image simulated fibers, simulated calcifications, and simulated masses showed an overall upward trend with increasing steps, but there were still cases where the scores decreased with increasing grades. FOM varied from 97% to 104% at each grade with little variability. ESD, ESAK, displayed AGD, and calculated AGD, which could measure radiation dose, showed an exponential trend of increasing function with increasing steps, with a variation of about 63% to 165%. There were statistically significant differences ( t=-9.61, P=0.001) between ESD (15.14±10.08) and ESAK (16.66±11.07). However, there were no statistically significant differences ( t=1.20, P=0.240) between displayed AGD and calculated AGD, which were 3.66±2.18 and 3.61±1.99, respectively. Conclusions:The adjustment of density exposure steps can make the image quality change linearly and the radiation dose change exponentially with increasing speed, and the mode and magnitude of the adjustment are appropriately stable with high application value.

4.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 393-396, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992315

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of right stellate ganglion block (RSGB)-serratus anterior plane block (SAPB) combined with general anesthesia in thoracoscopic radical resection of lung cancer.Methods:A total of 90 patients who planned to undergo thoracoscopic radical resection of lung cancer in Xiangya Changde Hospital from March 2020 to September 2021 were prospectively selected and divided into 3 groups by random number table method: general anesthesia group (G group), (SAPB)+ general anesthesia group (SG group), RSGB+ SAPB+ general anesthesia group (RSG group), 30 cases in each group. The SG group received SAPB on the operative side before general anesthesia, and the RSG group received RSGB+ SAPB on the operative side before general anesthesia. After the blocking effect was determined, all patients were given general anesthesia in the same scheme according to their weight, and patients were given patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) after surgery. The mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR) were recorded before anesthesia (T 0), before intubation (T 1), 1 min after intubation (T 2), 5 min after intubation (T 3), at extubation (T 4) and 5 min after extubation (T 5). The intraoperative dosage of remifentanil, incidence of nausea and vomiting (PONV) within 24 hours after surgery, number of additional PCIA within 24 hours, the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) of static and dynamic pain, the Bruggrmann Comfort Scale (BCS) and Richard Campbell Sleep Questionnaire (RSCQ) 24 hours after surgery were recorded. Results:Compared with T 0, the MAP and HR in 3 groups were increased 1 min after intubation (T 2) and at extubation (T 4), but the increases in RSG group were significantly less than those in G and SG groups (all P<0.05). The remifentanil dosage, PONV incidence and PCIA supplemental times in SG and RSG groups were less than those in G group, and the BCS score and RSCQ score were higher than those in G group (all P<0.05); the BCS score and RSCQ score in RSG group were higher than those in SG group (all P<0.05). Conclusions:RSGB+ SAPB combined with general anesthesia in thoracoscopic radical resection of lung cancer has little circulation fluctuation, good postoperative analgesia effect, less adverse reactions and high comfort level.

5.
Chinese Journal of Infection Control ; (4): 295-303, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991695

ABSTRACT

In the outbreak of COVID-19,triage procedures based on epidemiology were implemented in a local hospital in Changsha to control the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 and avoid healthcare-associated infection.This re-trospective study analyzed the data collected during the triage period and found that COVID-19 patients were en-riched 7 folds into the Section A designated for patients with obvious epidemiological history.On the other side,nearly triple amounts of visits were received at the Section B for patients without obvious epidemiological history.8 COVID-19 cases were spotted out of 247 suspected patients.More than 50%of the suspected patients were submi-tted to multiple rounds of nucleic acid analysis for SARS-CoV-2 infection.Of the 239 patients who were diagnosed as negative of the virus infection,188 were successfully revisited and none was reported as COVID-19 case.Of the 8 COVID-19 patients,3 were confirmed only after multiple rounds of nucleic acid analysis.Besides comorbidities,delayed sharing of epidemiological history added complexity to the diagnosis in practice.The triaging experience and strategy will be helpful for the control of infectious diseases in the future.

6.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 1157-1161, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989759

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the efficacy evaluation criteria of the existing TCM treatment for edema RCT research, and to provide reference for the construction of unified standards.Methods:The batabases CNKI, WanFang Data, VIP, CBM, Pubmed and Web of Science were retrieved. The randomized controlled trials for the treatment of edema of TCM research, from September 1, 1993 to July 31, 2022, were screened and included. The content of efficacy evaluation, performed statistics on evaluation standard, the curative effect evaluation indexes, as well as standard composition, usage were extracted. We analyzed the characteristics, application and problems of the existing efficacy evaluation criterion.Results:A total of 123 Chinese articles were included. The included literature involved nephrogenic edema, cardiogenic edema, idiopathic edema, apoplexy limb edema and other edema. In recent years, randomized controlled trials on the treatment of edema by TCM have mainly used four efficacy evaluation criteria. Of which the Guidelines for Clinical Research on New Chinese Medicines (Trial) in 2002 had the highest utilization rate of 29.27%. Secondly, the utilization rate of Standard for Diagnosis and Curative Effect of TCM Diseases and Syndromes was 21.14%. The rest of the criteria were used by less than 6%. While 39.02% of the literature did not use the standards or used self-designed standards. Among the composition of efficacy evaluation indices, the application rate of TCM syndrome or symptom efficacy index was the highest (91.87%), the utilization rate of the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire Indicators was only 4.88%; biochemical tests accounted for a large proportion of Western medical indicators, while the measurement of edema severity was rarely applied. Conclusions:At present, the evaluation criteria of edema curative effect are diversified and insufficiently popularized, which need to be further screened and improved. It is suggested to construct a TCM edema efficacy evaluation model based on the characteristics of edema syndrome, comprehensively evaluate the efficacy from multiple dimensions such as TCM syndromes, western medicine indicators, and quality of life, and improve the scientific indicators.

7.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 884-891, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989723

ABSTRACT

Objective:Applying bibliometrics to analyze the research history, hotspots and trends of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) interventions in edema-related diseases, and to provide reference for the revision of diagnostic and therapeutic criteria for edema in TCM.Methods:The literature about edema treated with TCM was retrieved from CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, CBM from 1 st. Jan 1995 to 25 th. May 2022. CiteSpace and VOSviewer softwares were used to draw the knowledge map, and analyze the co-occurrence relationship and clustering characteristics of the institution, author, keywords and mechanism hotspots. Results:Totally 3 198 articles were included. The annual number of documents issued generally shows a spiral rise trend. Liaoning University of Chinese Medicine published the most articles. Core authors published the most articles were Sun Wei (13 articles); the team with the highest cooperation intensity was Yang Hongtao's team; keywords formed 7 clusters. Hotspot mechanisms included metabolic disorders, immune balance, anti-inflammation, calcium and phosphorus metabolism. Keywords in the past 7 years were membranous nephropathy, chronic heart failure, diabetes, lymphedema etc.Conclusions:The attention paid to the intervention of TCM in the field of edema is generally on the rise, and has decreased in the past two years. The research categories focus on the experience of famous doctors, clinical trials, and mechanistic studies, and nephropathy-related edema has been the focus of research; diabetic nephropathy, chronic heart failure, metabolomics, and immunotherapy are expected to be the focus of attention in the next stage.

8.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 790-795, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011044

ABSTRACT

Objective:By detecting the levels of proteins in the Toll-like receptor-4/nuclear factor-κB (TLR4/NF-κB) signaling pathway and downstream proinflammatory cytokines in peripheral blood of patients with Meniere's disease (MD), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) scores were collected to investigate the correlation between sleep disorders and MD and the role of TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway in mediating sleep disorders inducing MD. Methods:Thirty-two MD patients and 20 family members of patients without middle ear and inner ear related diseases were selected. Basic data, PSQI and fasting peripheral blood of all subjects were collected. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay.The levels of interleukin-1β(IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), monocyte chemokine-1(MCP-1), Toll-like receptor 4(TLR4) and nuclear factor-κB(NF-κB) in peripheral blood were detected by ELISA, and the data were statistically analyzed. Results:①PSQI score of MD group was higher than that of normal control group, and the difference was statistically significant(P<0.01); The scores of every factors of PSQI in MD group were higher than those in normal control group, and the scores of factors 2, 4 and 6 were significantly different from those in normal control group. ②In the MD group, there were 18 patients with sleep disorders, with a prevalence rate of 56.25%, including 6 males with a prevalence rate of 50.00% and 12 females with a prevalence rate of 60.00%. ③The levels of five test indexes in MD group, sleep disorder group and non-sleep disorder group were higher than those in control group, and the levels of TLR4 and NF-κB in MD group were significantly different from those in control group(P<0.05). The levels of IL-1β, TNF-α, TLR4 and NF-κB in sleep disorder group were significantly different from those in control group(P<0.05). The levels of five test indexes in non-sleep disorder group were not statistically significant compared with those in control group. The levels of five test indexes in the MD sleep disorder group were higher than those in the MD group and the non-sleep disorder group, with no statistical significance. The levels of five test indexes in MD group were higher than those in non-sleep disorder group, with no statistical significance(P>0.05). Conclusion:①Sleep disorders may be one of the important predisposing factors of some MD, and the effects of sleep disorders on MD are different between the sexes. ②Sleep disorders may activate TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway to induce MD. The selection of TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway related proteins and downstream pro-inflammatory factor inhibitors to intervene MD may provide a new idea for protecting the hearing balance function of MD.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Meniere Disease , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Sleep Deprivation , Toll-Like Receptor 4 , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism
9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1526-1534, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970624

ABSTRACT

Qijiao Shengbai Capsules(QJ) can invigorate Qi and replenish the blood, which is commonly used clinically for adjuvant treatment of cancer and leukopenia due to chemoradiotherapy. However, the pharmacological mechanism of QJ is still unclear. This work aims to combine the high-performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) fingerprints and network pharmacology to clarify the effective components and mechanism of QJ. The HPLC fingerprints of 20 batches of QJ were established. The similarity evaluation among 20 batches of QJ was performed by using Similarity Evaluation System for Chromatographic Fingerprint of Traditional Chinese Medicine(version 2012), resulting in a similarity greater than 0.97. Eleven common peaks were identified by reference standard, including ferulic acid, calycosin 7-O-glucoside, ononin, calycosin, epimedin A, epimedin B, epimedin C, icariin, formononetin, baohuoside I, and Z-ligustilide. The "component-target-pathway" network was constructed by network pharmacy, and 10 key components in QJ were identified, such as ferulic acid, calycosin 7-O-glucoside, ononin, and calycosin. The components were involved in the phosphoinositide 3 kinase-protein kinase B(PI3K-Akt), mitogen-activated protein kinase(MAPK), and other signaling pathways by regulating potential targets, including EGFR, RAF1, PIK3R1, and RELA, to auxiliarily treat tumors, cancers, and leukopenia. The molecular docking conducted on the AutoDock Vina platform confirmed the high binding activity of 10 key effective components with core targets, with the binding energy less than-5 kcal·mol~(-1). In this study, the effective components and mechanism of QJ have been preliminary revealed based on HPLC fingerprint and network pharmacology, which provided a basis for quality control of QJ and a refe-rence for further study on its mechanism.


Subject(s)
Network Pharmacology , Capsules , Molecular Docking Simulation , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1949-1958, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980980

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Previous research demonstrated that a homozygous mutation of g.136372044G>A (S12N) in caspase recruitment domain family member 9 ( CARD9 ) is critical for producing Aspergillus fumigatus -induced ( Af -induced) T helper 2 (T H 2)-mediated responses in allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA). However, it remains unclear whether the CARD9S12N mutation, especially the heterozygous occurrence, predisposes the host to ABPA.@*METHODS@#A total of 61 ABPA patients and 264 controls (including 156 healthy controls and 108 asthma patients) were recruited for sequencing the CARD9 locus to clarify whether patients with this heterozygous single-nucleotide polymorphisms are predisposed to the development of ABPA. A series of in vivo and in vitro experiments, such as quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, flow cytometry, and RNA isolation and quantification, were used to illuminate the involved mechanism of the disease.@*RESULTS@#The presence of the p.S12N mutation was associated with a significant risk of ABPA in ABPA patients when compared with healthy controls and asthma patients, regardless of Aspergillus sensitivity. Relative to healthy controls without relevant allergies, the mutation of p.S12N was associated with a significant risk of ABPA (OR: 2.69 and 4.17 for GA and AA genotypes, P = 0.003 and 0.029, respectively). Compared with patients with asthma, ABPA patients had a significantly higher heterozygous mutation (GA genotype), indicating that p.S12N might be a significant ABPA-susceptibility locus ( aspergillus sensitized asthma: OR: 3.02, P = 0.009; aspergillus unsensitized asthma: OR: 2.94, P = 0.005). The mutant allele was preferentially expressed in ABPA patients with heterozygous CARD9S12N , which contributes to its functional alterations to facilitate Af -induced T H 2-mediated ABPA development. In terms of mechanism, Card9 wild-type ( Card9WT ) expression levels decreased significantly due to Af -induced decay of its messenger RNA compared to the heterozygous Card9S12N . In addition, ABPA patients with heterozygous CARD9S12N had increased Af -induced interleukin-5 production.@*CONCLUSION@#Our study provides the genetic evidence showing that the heterozygous mutation of CARD9S12N , followed by allele expression imbalance of CARD9S12N , facilitates the development of ABPA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aspergillosis, Allergic Bronchopulmonary/complications , Aspergillus fumigatus/genetics , Asthma/genetics , Aspergillus , Mutation/genetics , CARD Signaling Adaptor Proteins/genetics
11.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1700-1704, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970642

ABSTRACT

Chinese patent medicines(CPMs) are unique therapeutic drugs in China. Establishing and improving the evaluation criteria is an important measure to promote the high-quality development of CPMs. Based on the "evaluation criteria of high-grade CPMs with quality as the core index" established by our group in 2018, the "high-quality evaluation criteria for CPMs based on whole process control" was proposed in the present study in 2022. The scope of application and basic principles of the new criteria were clarified. A quality evaluation scoring table was established in the new criteria, including five parts: raw material selection, production process, quality control, efficacy evaluation, and brand building. The technical evaluation indexes involved have increased from 20% in the original criteria to 70% in the new criteria, and efficacy evaluation has been added in the new criteria. The subjective evaluation indicators account for a large proportion in the original criteria, which is prone to bias. The improved criteria overcome this shortcoming. It is expected that the new criteria as a basis can play a better role in the selection of high-quality products of CPMs, guide enterprises and institutions to participate actively in the evaluation and research of high-quality CPMs, and promote the high-quality development of CPMs.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Nonprescription Drugs , Chlorobenzenes , China
12.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 111-119, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940803

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveBased on ultra performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF/MS), the changes of endogenous markers in rat plasma at the different stage, namely modeling and administration of Shenling Baizhusan (SLBZS), and the mechanism of SLBZS in the treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC) were studied. MethodIn the modeling stage, rats were randomly divided into normal group, spleen deficiency with dampness retention-UC (SDDR-UC) and pure-UC (P-UC) model group. In the administration stage, SLBZS was given to the above two different model groups. After modeling and administration, rat plasma was collected and determined by UPLC-Q-TOF/MS. The mobile phase was 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution (A)-acetonitrile (B) for gradient elution (in positive ion mode:0-2 min, 99%A; 2-9 min, 99%-73%A; 9-10 min, 73%-44%A; 10-13 min, 44%-38%A; 13-19 min, 38%-28%A; 19-21 min, 28%-2%A; 21-23 min, 2%A; 23-25 min, 2%-10%A; 25-27 min, 10%-99%A; in negative ion mode:0-2 min, 85%A; 2-3 min, 85%-65%A; 3-5.5 min, 65%-44%A; 5.5-8 min, 44%-25%A; 8-10 min, 25%-2%A; 10-16 min, 2%-85%A). The electrospray ionization (ESI) temperature was 120 ℃ under the positive and negative ion modes, and the acquisition range was 50-1 000. Partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) was used to analyze the changes of endogenous metabolites in the above two different model rats from the different stage. MetaboAnalyst 5.0 was used to analyze the metabolic pathways of these identified metabolites. ResultSixteen potential biomarkers were screened and identified in the modeling stage, among which 11 potential biomarkers were common in the two model rats, which mainly affected the primary bile acid biosynthesis pathway. Twenty-three potential biomarkers were screened and identified during the administration stage, among which 3 potential biomarkers were shared by the two model rats, and SDDR-UC and P-UC model rats had 11 and 9 potential biomarkers, respectively. It mainly affected 6 pathways such as purine metabolism, pentose phosphate pathway, pyrimidine metabolism, retinol metabolism, primary bile acid biosynthesis and steroid hormone synthesis. ConclusionThe primary bile acid biosynthesis pathway appears in the different stage of modeling and administration of UC, showing a dynamic change process. The therapeutic effect of SLBZS on SDDR-UC rats may be related to inhibiting the expression of nuclear transcription factor -κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway, activating farnesoid X receptor (FXR) and enhancing the expression of cytochrome P450.

13.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 233-236, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933909

ABSTRACT

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) can lead to adverse pregnancy outcomes and epigenetic changes in offspring due to exposure to a high-glucose intrauterine environment, resulting in related short- and long-term complications. MicroRNA (miRNA)-mediated post-transcriptional regulation, a gene expression regulation mechanism that has gained much attention in recent years, may play a role in morbidity in offspring born to mothers with GDM, such as macrosomia, heart development, neurodevelopment, and long-term metabolic diseases. This article reviews the progress of miRNA in GDM and associated complications in the offspring.

14.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 56-60, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931901

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of perceived social support and self-esteem between the passive social network site use and depression among college students.Methods:Totally 1 393 college students were investigated by social website use scale, perceived social support scale, self-esteem scale and center for epidemiologic studies depression scale. SPSS 20.0 and Amos 21.0 softwares were used for descriptive analysis, Pearson correlation analysis, mediating effect test and structural equation model construction.Results:The total scores of passive social network site use, perceived social support, self-esteem and depression were (13.96±3.47), (61.04±12.03), (27.28±4.35) and (31.18±8.74) respectively. The scores of passive social network site use group in perceived social support (60.03±12.25), self-esteem (27.03±4.34) and depression (31.53±9.06) were statistically different with those in the active social network site use group (perceived social support (63.61±11.03), self-esteem (27.91±4.31) and depression (30.31±7.82), t=-5.04, P<0.01, t=-3.39, P=0.001, t=2.35, P=0.019). After controlling gender variables, the use of passive social network sites was positively correlated with depression ( r=0.053, P<0.01), while negatively correlated with perceived social support and self-esteem ( r=-0.157, -0.088, P<0.01). Perceived social support was positively correlated with self-esteem ( r=0.45, P<0.01). Perceived social support and self-esteem played a partial mediating role between passive social network site use and depression. The mediating effect includes two paths: one was the separate mediating effect of social support, and the other was the chain mediating effect of perceived social support and self-esteem, which accounted for 27% and 25% of the total effect respectively. Conclusion:The use of passive social networking sites can indirectly affect depression through the perceived social support or the chain mediating of social support and self-esteem.

15.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 602-606, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936263

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the feasibility and short-term effect of tensor tympani muscle Tenotomy in the treatment of Meniere's disease under otoscope. The possible pathogenesis was discussed and our views were put forward. Methods: The clinical data of 9 cases of Meniere's disease treated by otoscopic Tenotomy were analyzed retrospectively, including 2 males, 7 females, 5 right ones, 2 left ones and 2 bilateral ones. The average age was (56.33± 10.56) years, ranging from 38 to 75 years. We evaluated intraoperative findings and short-term postoperative efficacy, respectively evaluated postoperative aural fullness, tinnitus and hearing recovery, and evaluated postoperative vertigo attack in a short time. Results: Nine patients were completed the operation under general anaesthesia and otoscopy, and no serious complications occurred. We found new pathological changes in tympanic cavity in some cases during operation. There were rupture of round window membrane in 1 case, severe fibrous hyperplasia near the round window membrane and vestibular window and adhesion with ossicular chain in 1 case, fibrous cord and membranous hyperplasia near vestibular window and round window membrane in 1 case, fibrous hyperplasia and adhesion near the round window membrane in 2 cases, membranous hyperplasia and adhesion around vestibular window in 1 case. No fibrous hyperplasia was found in 3 cases in the tympanic cavity. The round window membrane can be exposed in 4 cases and failed in 5 cases. After 3 months of follow-up, we found that we found that 5/5 cases of aural fullness disappeared, 2/2 cases of earache disappeared, 3/8 cases of tinnitus improved, 5/8 cases presented with improvement and no aggravation, 3/3 cases of hearing allergy improved, 4/9 cases of hearing improved, and 5/9 cases showed no improvement or decrease. 9 patients were followed up for 3 months, of whom 8 patients had no vertigo, one patient suffered from vertigo twice within 3 months after operation, and the patient suffered from rupture of round window membrane. Conclusions: Endoscopic Tenotomy for Meniere's disease has obvious curative effect and quick recovery after operation. During the operation, we find that most of Meniere's patients have fibrous cord hyperplasia near the inner ear window membrane, which may be the pathological manifestation after repeated rupture and repair of the inner ear window membrane. The vertigo of Meniere's disease may be related to the destruction and repair of inner ear membrane structure caused by improper contraction or spasm of tympanic tensor muscle.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Hyperplasia/pathology , Meniere Disease/surgery , Otoscopes/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Tenotomy/adverse effects , Tensor Tympani/surgery , Tinnitus/complications , Vertigo/etiology
16.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 21-26, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934556

ABSTRACT

Objective:To conduct a position evaluation of functional departments directors by means of Hay guide-chart profile (Hay) and international position evaluation (IPE) for heads of public hospital departments, and a comparative analysis of the results, for reference in reforming the performance-related pay system of the functional departments.Methods:From July to August of 2021, positions of ten functional department directors of a public tertiary general hospital were selected, and expert groups within and out of the hospital were invited for a position evaluation using both Hay and IPE. Cronbach α and intraclass correlation coefficient were used in the reliability and consistency evaluation. Technique for order preference by similarity to ideal solution (TOPSIS) was conducted to compare the differences between results of both methods, with the position value ranked by quartiles. Results:22 position evaluation forms were issued and 20 were recovered (12 for in-hospital experts and 8 for extramural experts). In Hay evaluation, the scores of medical affairs department and hospital head office were higher, averaging 757.30 and 727.21 respectively, and those of logistics management department were the lowest, being 279.94. In-hospital experts scored lower than those extramural experts on the posts of directors of scientific research management department, Party committee office and medical insurance department, while the scores of the directors of the hospital head office were higher than those extramural experts. In IPE evaluation, the position values of hospital head office and medical affairs department were the highest, averaging 680.25 and 621.00 respectively, and the score of the logistics management department was the lowest, being 365.05. In-hospital experts scored lower than those extramural experts on the posts of directors of Party committee office, scientific research management department and logistics management department, while the scores of the directors of the hospital head office were higher than those of extramural experts. The Cronbach α coefficients of position value scoring of functional department heads evaluated by two evaluation methods were 0.943 (Hay) and 0.800 (IPE) respectively. The hospital head office and medical affairs department ranked the first quartile, the Party committee office and nursing department ranked the second, while the medical insurance department and logistics department ranked the third and fourth respectively. In addition, the ranking differences of the information technology department, human resource department, financial department and scientific research management department were within one quartile. Conclusions:The position evaluation results of Hay and IPE are consistent, but the former is more sensitive. Ranking of position values by quartiles via TOPSIS can support the reform of performance-related pay system of functional departments of public hospitals.

17.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 155-162, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940564

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study on the suitable cryopreservation conditions of Carthamus tinctorius seeds. MethodThe germination rate,relative conductivity,soluble sugar,soluble protein, and related enzyme activities of C. tinctorius seeds, as well as the hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA) content in Carthami Flos after storage and breeding for four months were detected under different temperature conditions (long-term storage,medium-term storage,short-term storage,room temperature,and ultra-low temperature refrigerator),different water content (8.1%,6.6%,5.2%,and 3.9%),and different storage time (2,4,6,8, 10 months). SPSS 20.0 was used for statistical analysis. ResultDuring the storage for 10 months,the changing trend of the germination rate of C. tinctorius seeds revealed that it was more suitable to store seeds with low water content at a lower temperature. The differences in germination rate of seeds caused by storage temperature,seeds water content, and storage time were statistically significant. After storage for 10 months,the germination rate was significantly correlated with other detection indexes. ConclusionThe proper water content of C. tinctorius seeds in long-term and medium-term storage is 5.2% or 6.6%,and that in short-term and ultra-low temperature refrigerator is 3.9% or 5.2%. As revealed by the comparison results, the optimal storage conditions for C. tinctorius seeds were long-term storage and water content of 5.2%, which resulted in the highest germination rate and content of soluble sugar and soluble protein and the lowest relative conductivity after storage for 10 months. Additionally, the content of hydroxy safflor yellow A (HSYA) in Carthami Flos obtained after breeding and regeneration for four months was higher than that obtained after room temperature storage.

18.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 56-61, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928512

ABSTRACT

Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) infection is the most prevalent sexually transmitted bacterial disease worldwide. However, unlike that in female infertility, the role of CT infection in male infertility remains controversial. The objective of this retrospective study was to explore the impacts of CT infection in the genital tract on sperm quality, sperm acrosin activity, antisperm antibody levels, and inflammation in a large cohort of infertile males in China. A total of 7154 semen samples were collected from infertile male subjects, 416 of whom were CT positive (CT+ group) and 6738 of whom were CT negative (CT- group), in our hospital between January 2016 and December 2018. Routine semen parameters (semen volume, pH, sperm concentration, viability, motility, morphology, etc.), granulocyte elastase levels, antisperm antibody levels, and sperm acrosin activity were compared between the CT+ and CT- groups. Our results showed that CT infection was significantly correlated with an abnormally low semen volume, as well as an increased white blood cell count and granulocyte elastase level (all P < 0.05) in the semen of infertile males; other routine semen parameters were not negatively impacted. The antisperm antibody level and sperm acrosin activity were not affected by CT infection. These findings suggested that CT infection might contribute to inflammation and hypospermia but does not impair sperm viability, motility morphology, and acrosin activity or generate antisperm antibodies in the infertile males of China.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Chlamydia trachomatis , Genitalia , Infertility, Male/epidemiology , Inflammation/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Semen , Spermatozoa
19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4841-4848, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888192

ABSTRACT

Longxue Tongluo Capsules(LTC) has good efficacy against blood stasis syndrome during the recovery period of ischemic stroke. Its main active ingredient is the phenolic extract of Chinese dragon's blood. In our previous study, the primary mass fragmentation pathways of phenolic derivatives from LTC were clarified. Herein, the metabolites in rat plasma were characterized following the oral administration of loureirin A and loureirin C using liquid chromatography coupled with hybrid ion trap/time-of-flight mass spectro-metry(LC-IT-TOF-MS), with 18 and 55 metabolites identified, respectively. On this basis, with the help of the obtained accurate molecular weight, characteristic fragment ions, reference comparison, combined with LTC database and natural products database self-created in our group, 18 prototypes and 106 metabolites were tentatively identified in rat plasma after oral gavage of LTC at a dose of 500 mg·kg~(-1). Glucuronidation, sulfonation, and methylation were major biotransformation pathways of LTC. This study preliminarily clarified the LTC constituents absorbed into blood and laid the foundation for clarifying the effective substances of LTC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Administration, Oral , Capsules , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4395-4402, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888138

ABSTRACT

Stolon is an important organ for reproduction and regeneration of Amana edulis. Previous analysis of transcriptome showed that MYB was one of the most active transcription factor families during the development of A. edulis stolon. In order to study the possible role of MYB transcription factors in stolon development, the authors screened out an up-regulated MYB gene named AeMYB4 was by analyzing the expression profile of MYB transcription factors. In the present study, sequence analysis demonstrated that AeMYB4 contained an open reading frame of 756 bp encoding 251 amino acids, and domain analysis revealed that the predicted amino acids sequence contained two highly conserved SANT domains and binding sites for cold stress factor CBF. By multiple sequence alignment and phylogenetic analysis, it is indicated that AeMYB4 clustered with AtMYB15 from Arabidopsis thaliana, belonging to subgroup S2 of R2 R3-MYB. And most of the transcription factors in this subfamily are related to low temperature stress. The GFP-AeMYB4 fusion protein expression vector for subcellular localization was constructed and transferred into Agrobacterium tumefaciens to infect the leaves of Nicotiana benthamiana, and the results showed the protein was located in the nucleus. To investigate the transcriptional activation, the constructed pGBKT7-AeMYB4 fusion expression vector was transferred into Y2 H Gold yeast cells, which proved that AeMYB4 was a transcription activator with strong transcriptional activity. Real-time quantitative PCR was used to detect the expression of AeMYB4 gene in three different development stages of stolon and in leaves, flowers, and bulbs of A. edulis, which indicated that AeMYB4 transcription factor was tissue-specific in expression, mainly in the stolon development stage, and that the expression was the most active in the middle stage of stolon development, suggesting that AeMYB4 gene may play an important role in stolon development. This study contributes to the further research on the function of AeMYB4 transcription factor in stolon development of A. edulis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Amino Acid Sequence , Arabidopsis/metabolism , Cloning, Molecular , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Phylogeny , Plant Proteins/metabolism
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