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1.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 46-51, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012556

ABSTRACT

BackgroundBariatric surgery has emerged as an important tool in the management of obesity. Some patients undergoing bariatric surgery are prone to develop emotional abnormalities and have abnormally elevated concentrations of inflammatory factors level in peripheral blood, whereas current domestic research focusing on the impact of preoperative emotional states and peripheral blood inflammatory factors level on weight loss effect remains limited. ObjectiveTo explore the correlation of preoperative emotional abnormalities with the effectiveness of bariatric surgery in obese patients, and to provide theoretical basis for improving the clinical efficacy of bariatric surgery. MethodsEighty-one obese patients scheduled for bariatric surgery at gastrointestinal surgery Department of West China Hospital, Sichuan University from December 30, 2022 to June 30, 2023 were enrolled and assessed using Hamilton Depression Scale-17 item (HAMD-17) and Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA). Patients who scored 7 or above on HAMD-17 or HAMA or had a history of previous depression or anxiety diagnoses were classified into emotional abnormality group (n=34), and samples who scored less than 7 on HAMD-17 and HAMA and were free of history of previous depression and anxiety diagnoses were set as non-emotional abnormality group (n=47). The data were collected by the self made questionnaire. Patients were subjected to complete the assessment of Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation-Chinese Version (BSI-CV), Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI) and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Laboratory tests including peripheral blood C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). Body weight and height assessed in the early morning after an overnight fasting period were recorded in all participants at 1- and 6-month after surgery through outpatient clinic visits or telephone follow-up. Pearson correlation coefficient was used to examine relationship among body mass index (BMI), preoperative emotional states and peripheral blood inflammation mediators. ResultsAmong 81 obese patients, 62 completed the study, including 27 cases in emotional abnormality group and 35 cases in non-emotional abnormality group. Emotional abnormality group scored higher on BSI-CV (current), BSI-CV (worst), EDI and PSQI, and detected higher levels of CRP and IL-6 compared with non-emotional abnormality group (Z=2.677, 2.975, t=3.573, 4.035, 1.990, 2.799, P<0.05 or 0.01). For BMI, there was no significant group effect and time×group interaction effect (P>0.05), but a significant time effect (F=227.740, P<0.01). Within emotional abnormality group, BMI at the baseline, 1- and 6-month after surgery showed a positive correlation with IL-6 level (r=0.419, 0.510, 0.559, P<0.05 or 0.01), BMI at 6-month after surgery was positively correlated with HAMD-17 total score (r=0.390, P<0.05), and ΔBMI% at 6-month after surgery was negatively correlated with HAMD-17 total score (r=-0.421, P<0.05). Within non-emotional abnormality group, baseline BMI was positively correlated with IL-6 level (r=0.338, P<0.01). ConclusionThe short-term effect of bariatric surgery may be comparable in obese patients with or without emotional abnormalities, while it cannot be ruled out whether the outcome of bariatric surgery is related to the severity of preoperative depression.

2.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 26-32, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012553

ABSTRACT

BackgroundThere exist differences in the subjective and objective cognitive functions of patients with depressive disorder, ane there are limited research on influencing factors of such phenomenon currently. ObjectiveTo explore the differences in subjective and objective cognitive function in patients with depressive disorder as well as influencing factors, and to provide references for further understanding of cognitive impairment in patients with depressive disorder. MethodsA total of 77 patients with depressive disorder who received outpatient or inpatient treatment in the Fourth People's Hospital of Chengdu from January 13, 2022 to December 11, 2023 were selected for the study. These patients also met the diagnostic criteria of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition(DSM-5). Various tools were employed to assess patients in this study: Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) for the depressive symptoms, Perceived Deficits Questionnaire for Depression (PDQ-D) and Chinese Version of Brief Neurocognitive Test Battery (C-BCT) for the subjective and objective cognitive function, Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) for the social function, and Clinical Global Impression-Severity of Illness(CGI-SI) for the severity of patient's condition. Pearson correlation analysis was used to examine the correlation of subjective and objective cognitive function and their differences with age, years of education, MADRS total score, SDS total score, and CGI-SI score. Multiple linear regression was used to explore the influencing factors of the differences between subjective and objective cognitive function. ResultsThere was a statistically significant difference in the total PDQ-D scores and the difference of subjective and objective cognitive function (D value) between depressive patients with and without medication (t=-4.228, -2.392, P<0.05 or 0.01). There was no statistically significant correlation in subjective and objective cognitive function in patients with depressive disorder (r=-0.148, P>0.05). Negative correlations can be observed between the PDQ-D total score and age or years of education (r=-0.333, -0.369, P<0.01). The PDQ-D total score was positively correlated with MADRS total score, SDS total score and CGI-SI score (r=0.487, 0.637, 0.434, P<0.01). D value was negatively correlated with age and years of education (r=-0.411, -0.362, P<0.01), while positively correlated with MADRS total score, SDS total score and CGI-SI score (r=0.259, 0.468, 0.299, P<0.05 or 0.01). Age (β=-0.328, P<0.01) and SDS total score (β=0.409, P<0.01) were two predictive factors for D value. ConclusionThe difference between subjective and objective cognitive function among patients with depressive disorder is related to several factors including age, years of education, severity of symptoms and impairment of social function. [Funded by Surface Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China (number, 62173069); Technological Innovation 2030-Major Project of "Brain Science and Brain-Like Research" (number, 2022ZD0211700); Key R&D Support Program and Major Application Demonstration Project of Chengdu Science and Technology Bureau (number, 2022-YF09-00023-SN)]

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 190-206, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011236

ABSTRACT

Macroautophagy (referred to as autophagy hereafter) is a major intracellular lysosomal degradation pathway that is responsible for the degradation of misfolded/damaged proteins and organelles. Previous studies showed that autophagy protects against acetaminophen (APAP)-induced injury (AILI) via selective removal of damaged mitochondria and APAP protein adducts. The lysosome is a critical organelle sitting at the end stage of autophagy for autophagic degradation via fusion with autophagosomes. In the present study, we showed that transcription factor EB (TFEB), a master transcription factor for lysosomal biogenesis, was impaired by APAP resulting in decreased lysosomal biogenesis in mouse livers. Genetic loss-of and gain-of function of hepatic TFEB exacerbated or protected against AILI, respectively. Mechanistically, overexpression of TFEB increased clearance of APAP protein adducts and mitochondria biogenesis as well as SQSTM1/p62-dependent non-canonical nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF2) activation to protect against AILI. We also performed an unbiased cell-based imaging high-throughput chemical screening on TFEB and identified a group of TFEB agonists. Among these agonists, salinomycin, an anticoccidial and antibacterial agent, activated TFEB and protected against AILI in mice. In conclusion, genetic and pharmacological activating TFEB may be a promising approach for protecting against AILI.

4.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 19-27, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006264

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effect of Buzhong Yiqitang on the immune imbalance of helper T cell 17 (Th17)/regulatory T cell (Treg) and Notch1 signaling pathway in mice with autoimmune thyroiditis (AIT). MethodA total of 60 8-week-old NOD.H-2h4 mice were randomly divided into the normal group, model group, western medicine group (selenium yeast tablet, 32.5 mg·kg-1), and low-dose (4.78 g·kg-1·d-1), middle-dose (9.56 g·kg-1·d-1), and high-dose (19 g·kg-1·d-1) Buzhong Yiqitang groups, with 10 mice in each group. The normal group was fed with distilled water, and the other groups were fed with water containing 0.05% sodium iodide for eight weeks. After the animal model of AIT was formed spontaneously, the mice were killed under anesthesia after intragastric administration for eight weeks. Serum anti-thyroglobulin antibodies (TGAb), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), free triiodothyronine (FT3), and free thyroid hormone (FT4) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and thyroid tissue changes were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The mRNA and protein expressions of retinoid-related orphan receptor-γt (RORγt), interleukin (IL)-17, forkhead box P3 (FoxP3), IL-10, Notch1, and hair division-related enhancer 1 (Hes1) in thyroid tissue were detected by Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) and Western blot, respectively. ResultCompared with the normal group, the thyroid structure of the model group was severely damaged, and lymphocytes were infiltrated obviously. The levels of serum TGAb, FT3, and FT4 contents were significantly increased, and TSH content was significantly decreased (P<0.01). The mRNA and protein expression levels of RORγt, IL-17, Notch1, and Hes1 were significantly increased, while those of FoxP3 and IL10 were significantly decreased in the model group (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, thyroid structural damage and lymphocyte infiltration were improved in the treatment groups, and serum TGAb, FT3, and FT4 contents were significantly decreased. TSH content was increased, and mRNA and protein expression levels of RORγt, IL-17, Notch1, and Hes1 were decreased. mRNA and protein expression levels of FoxP3 and IL-10 were increased to different degrees (P<0.05, P<0.01), and the middle-dose Buzhong Yiqitang group had the most significant intervention effect. ConclusionBuzhong Yiqitang can alleviate the thyroid structural damage in AIT mice, and its mechanism may be related to improving the abnormal differentiation of Th17/Treg immune cells and inhibiting the activation of the Notch1 signaling pathway.

5.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 1008-1015, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015597

ABSTRACT

The vascular system constitutes the largest surface of the human body. Vascular endothelial cells are a layer of flat epithelial cells covering the inner wall of blood vessels and have a variety of biolog-

6.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 425-430, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013933

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 has been prevalent for three years. The virulence of SARS-CoV-2 is weaken as it mutates continuously. However, elderly patients, especially those with underlying diseases, are still at high risk of developing severe infections. With the continuous study of the molecular structure and pathogenic mechanism of SARS-CoV-2, antiviral drugs for COVID-19 have been successively marketed, and these anti-SARS-CoV-2 drugs can effectively reduce the severe rate and mortality of elderly patients. This article reviews the mechanism, clinical medication regimens, drug interactions and adverse reactions of five small molecule antiviral drugs currently approved for marketing in China, so as to provide advice for the clinical rational use of anti-SARS-CoV-2 in the elderly.

7.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 1018-1023, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013216

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To investigate the current application status and implementation difficulties of extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) in children with sudden cardiac arrest. Methods: This cross-sectional survey was conducted in 35 hospitals. A Children's ECPR Information Questionnaire on the implementation status of ECPR technology (abbreviated as the questionnaire) was designed, to collect the data of 385 children treated with ECPR in the 35 hospitals. The survey extracted the information about development of ECPR, the maintenance of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) machine, the indication of ECPR, and the difficulties of implementation in China. These ECPR patients were grouped based on their age, the hospital location and level, to compare the survival rates after weaning and discharge. The statistical analysis used Chi-square test and one-way analysis of variance for the comparison between the groups, LSD method for post hoc testing, and Bonferroni method for pairwise comparison. Results: Of the 385 ECPR cases, 224 were males and 161 females. There were 185 (48.1%) survival cases after weaning and 157 (40.8%) after discharge. There were 324 children (84.2%) receiving ECPR for cardiac disease and 27 children (7.0%) for respiratory failure. The primary cause of death in ECPR patients was circulatory failure (82 cases, 35.9%), followed by brain failure (80 cases, 35.0%). The most common place of ECPR was intensive care unit (ICU) (278 cases, 72.2%); ECPR catheters were mostly inserted through incision (327 cases, 84.9%). There were 32 hospitals (91.4%) had established ECMO emergency teams, holding 125 ECMO machines in total. ECMO machines mainly located in ICU (89 pieces, 71.2%), and the majority of hospitals (32 units, 91.4%) did not have pre-charged loops. There were no statistically significant differences in the post-withdrawal and post-discharge survival rates of ECPR patients among different age groups, regions, and hospitals (all P>0.05). The top 5 difficulties in implementing ECPR in non-ICU environments were lack of ECMO machines (16 times), difficulty in placing CPR pipes (15 times), long time intervals between CPR and ECMO transfer (13 times), lack of conventional backup ECMO loops (10 times), and inability of ECMO emergency teams to quickly arrive at the site (5 times). Conclusion: ECPR has been gradually developed in the field of pediatric critical care in China, and needs to be further standardized. ECPR in non-ICU environment remains a challenge.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Male , Aftercare , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation/methods , Cross-Sectional Studies , Death, Sudden, Cardiac/prevention & control , East Asian People , Heart Arrest/therapy , Patient Discharge , Retrospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
8.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 917-921, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013197

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the natural history and risk factors for continued allergy in infants with IgE-mediated cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA). Methods: This was a prospective cohort study that included 72 infants under 24 months of age diagnosed with IgE-mediated CMPA in the allergy clinic of the Children's Hospital, Capital Institute of Pediatrics from October 2019 to November 2020. General information, clinical manifestations, serum total IgE, cow's milk specific IgE, and cow's milk protein component specific IgE were collected. Follow-ups were conducted at 24 and 36 months of age, and the patients were divided into the persistent allergy group and the tolerance group based on whether they developed cow's milk tolerance at 36 months of age. Mann-Whitney U test, chi-square test, and binary Logistic regression were used for intergroup comparison and multivariate analysis. Results: Among the 72 CMPA children, there were 42 boys and 30 girls, with an age of 10 (7, 15) months at enrollment. Cow's milk protein tolerance was observed in 32 cases (44%) and 46 cases (64%) at 24 and 36 months of age, respectively. There were 26 cases in the persistent allergy group and 46 cases in the tolerance group. The proportion of respiratory symptoms, history of wheezing, positive specific IgE for α-lactalbumin and the total IgE level in the persistent allergy group were higher than that in the tolerance group (7 cases (27%) vs. 0, 6 cases (23%) vs. 2 cases (4%), 67% (14/21) vs. 26% (10/39), 225 (151, 616) vs. 48 (21, 185) kU/L, χ2=10.82, 4.16, 9.57, Z=4.07, all P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that anaphylaxis (OR=21.14, 95%CI 2.55-175.14, P=0.005), a history of allergic rhinitis (OR=5.94, 95%CI 1.54-22.86, P=0.005), elevated milk specific IgE (OR=1.04, 95%CI 1.01-1.08, P=0.024), and positive casein specific IgE (OR=6.64, 95%CI 1.39-31.69, P=0.018) were risk factors for continuous CMPA. Conclusions: Most infants with IgE-mediated CMPA can achieve tolerance within 3 years. Anaphylaxis, a history of allergic rhinitis, elevated milk specific IgE levels, and casein sensitization are risk factors for continuous allergy.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Female , Cattle , Infant , Humans , Child , Milk Hypersensitivity/diagnosis , Caseins , Prospective Studies , Anaphylaxis , Risk Factors , Rhinitis, Allergic , Immunoglobulin E , Milk Proteins/adverse effects
9.
Singapore medical journal ; : 493-496, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007333

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Microinvasion (Mi) is often thought to be an interim stage between ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and invasive ductal carcinoma. This study aimed to investigate the potential influence of Mi on survival and assess its correlations with clinicopathological parameters, prognosis and molecular markers.@*METHODS@#The number of Mi foci in a cohort of 66 DCIS-Mi cases was assessed from haematoxylin and eosin-stained sections. Disease-free survival, clinicopathological parameters and biomarker expression were correlated with the number of Mi foci.@*RESULTS@#Higher numbers of Mi foci were found in larger tumours (P = 0.031).@*CONCLUSION@#Greater extent of DCIS is associated with multifocal Mi.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating , Prognosis , Disease-Free Survival , Progression-Free Survival , Breast Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast/pathology , Neoplasm Invasiveness
10.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 464-468, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006040

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To predict the expression of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) in urothelial bladder carcinoma based on normalized apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC). 【Methods】 The preoperative pelvic 3.0T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images of 127 patients with urothelial bladder carcinoma were retrospectively studied, the ADC was measured, and the HER2 expression in postoperative tissue specimens was determined with immunohistochemistry (IHC). The differences in normalized ADC were analyzed among different HER2 expressions and among different expression divisions. Correlation between normalized ADC and HER2 expression was analyzed. The optimal diagnostic threshold for distinguishing different expression divisions were determined with receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. 【Results】 Normalized ADC was negatively correlated with HER2 expression (tau-b=-0.180, P=0.008). Normalized ADC of HER2 overexpression group (IHC 2+, 3+) was lower than that of HER2 negative group (IHC 0, 1+) (P=0.081). Normalized ADC of HER2 expression group (IHC 1+, 2+, 3+) was significantly lower than that of HER2 zero-expression group (IHC 0) (P=0.020). Normalized ADC of HER2 strong positive group (IHC 3+) was significantly lower than that of HER2 non-strong positive group (IHC 0, 1+, 2+) (P=0.024). The optimal diagnostic threshold of HER2 strong positive group was 0.849; the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were 0.621, 0.909 and 0.765, respectively. The optimal diagnostic threshold of HER2 overexpression group was 0.909; the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were 0.547, 0.667 and 0.607, respectively. 【Conclusion】 Normalized ADC is negatively correlated with HER2 expression. ADC may be a potential marker for predicting HER2 expression.

11.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1217-1226, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008953

ABSTRACT

Reduced chemotactic migration of polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) in sepsis patients leads to decreased bacterial clearance and accelerates the progression of sepsis disease. Quantification of PMN chemotaxis in sepsis patients can help characterize the immune health of sepsis patients. Microfluidic microarrays have been widely used for cell chemotaxis analysis because of the advantages of low reagent consumption, near-physiological environment, and visualization of the migration process. Currently, the study of PMN chemotaxis using microfluidic chips is mainly limited by the cumbersome cell separation operation and low throughput of microfluidic chips. In this paper, we first designed an inertial cell sorting chip to achieve label-free separation of the two major cell types by using the basic principle that leukocytes (mainly granulocytes, lymphocytes and monocytes) and erythrocytes move to different positions of the spiral microchannel when they move in the spiral microchannel under different strength of inertial force and Dean's resistance. Subsequently, in this paper, we designed a multi-channel cell migration chip and constructed a microfluidic PMN inertial label-free sorting and chemotaxis analysis platform. The inertial cell sorting chip separates leukocyte populations and then injects them into the multi-channel cell migration chip, which can complete the chemotaxis test of PMN to chemotactic peptide (fMLP) within 15 min. The remaining cells, such as monocytes with slow motility and lymphocytes that require pre-activation with proliferative culture, do not undergo significant chemotactic migration. The test results of sepsis patients ( n=6) and healthy volunteers ( n=3) recruited in this study showed that the chemotaxis index (CI) and migration velocity ( v) of PMN from sepsis patients were significantly weaker than those from healthy volunteers. In conclusion, the microfluidic PMN inertial label-free sorting and chemotaxis analysis platform constructed in this paper can be used as a new tool for cell label-free sorting and migration studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chemotaxis , Neutrophils/metabolism , Microfluidics , Cell Movement , Sepsis/metabolism
12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4893-4901, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008659

ABSTRACT

Yiyi Fuzi Baijiang Powder(YFBP), originating from Synopsis of the Golden Chamber, is a classic prescription composed of Coicis Semen, Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata, and Patriniae Herba for the treatment of abscesses and pus discharge. This article presented a systematic analysis of the clinical application of YFBP, including the indicated diseases, the number of cases, efficacy, dosage, administration methods, and compatibility with other drugs. The analysis reveals that YFBP has a wide range of clinical applications. It is commonly used, often with modifications or in combination with western medicine, for diseases in the fields of gastroente-rology, gynecology, urology, dermatology, and others. And most of the Traditional Chinese Medicine(TCM) evidence involved in these diseases are damp-heat evudence. The prescription shows rich variations in clinical administration methods, and most of which are the treatment of aqueous decoction of it. The therapeutic effect is also significant, and the total effective rate of clinical treatment is re-latively high. Additionally, this article summarized the pharmacological research on YFBP and found that it possessed various pharmacological effects, including anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anticancer, and immune-modulating properties. Finally, correlation analysis was conducted on the main diseases, TCM types, prescription doses, pharmacological effects and action targets of YFBP, which to show the relationship between these five aspects in a visual form, reflecting the relationship between its clinical application and modern pharmacological effects. These findings provide a reference basis for further development and research on YFBP.


Subject(s)
Powders , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Diterpenes , Aconitum
13.
Biol. Res ; 56: 5-5, 2023. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1429906

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Alpha-kinase 1 (ALPK1) is a master regulator in inflammation and has been proved to promote renal fibrosis by promoting the production of IL-1ß in diabetic nephropathy (DN) mice. Pyroptosis is involved in high glucose (HG)-induced tubular cells injury, characterized by activation of Gasdermin D (GSDMD) and the release of IL-1ß and IL-18, resulting in inflammatory injury in DN. It is reasonable to assume that ALPK1 is involved in pyroptosis-related tubular injury in DN. However, the mechanism remains poorly defined. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry (IHC) staining was performed to detect the expression of pyroptosis- and fibrosis-related proteins in renal sections of DN patients and DN mice. DN models were induced through injection of streptozotocin combined with a high-fat diet. Protein levels of ALPK1, NF-κB, Caspase-1, GSDMD, IL-1ß, IL-18 and α-SMA were detected by Western blot. HK-2 cells treated with high-glucose (HG) served as an in vitro model. ALPK1 small interfering RNA (siRNA) was transfected into HK-2 cells to down-regulate ALPK1. The pyroptosis rates were determined by flow cytometry. The concentrations of IL-1ß and IL-18 were evaluated by ELISA kits. Immunofluorescence staining was used to observe translocation of NF-κB and GSDMD. RESULTS: The heat map of differentially expressed genes showed that ALPK1, Caspase-1 and GSDMD were upregulated in the DN group. The expression levels of ALPK1, Caspase-1, GSDMD and CD68 were increased in renal biopsy tissues of DN patients by IHC. ALPK1expression and CD68+ macrophages were positively correlated with tubular injury in DN patients. Western blot analysis showed increased expressions of ALPK1, phospho-NF-κB P65, GSDMD-NT, and IL-1ß in renal tissues of DN mice and HK-2 cells, accompanied with increased renal fibrosis-related proteins (FN, α-SMA) and macrophages infiltration in interstitial areas. Inhibition of ALPK1 attenuated HG-induced upregulation expressions of NF-κB, pyroptosis-related proteins Caspase-1, GSDMD-NT, IL-1ß, IL-18, α-SMA, and pyroptosis level in HK-2 cells. Also, the intensity and nuclear translocation of NF-κB and membranous translocation of GSDMD were ameliorated in HG-treated HK-2 cells after treatment with ALPK1 siRNA. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that ALPK1/NF-κB pathway initiated canonical caspase-1-GSDMD pyroptosis pathway, resulting in tubular injury and interstitial inflammation of DN.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Nephropathies , Fibrosis , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Caspases , Interleukin-18 , RNA, Small Interfering , Pyroptosis , Glucose , Inflammation
14.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 630-634, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995029

ABSTRACT

As a home treatment and economical and practical treatment mode, peritoneal dialysis (PD) is an effective renal replacement therapy for end-stage kidney disease. The number of PD patients in the world is increasing, and prognosis has been significantly improved. However, compared with the general population, the quality of life of PD patients is not satisfactory, and the disease burden is still very high. There is significant heterogeneity in the reports of clinical outcomes of PD in different countries and regions. The heterogeneity seriously affects the validity of clinical research evidence and the continuous improvement of the quality of PD centers. New progress has been made in the study of standardized clinical outcome of PD in recent years. The article reviews the heterogeneity of PD clinical outcome report, standardized clinical outcome classification and core outcome to standardize the report of PD clinical outcome, improve the clinical research quality and management level of PD, and finally improve the prognosis of patients.

15.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 53-55, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994431

ABSTRACT

To report a case of Noonan-like syndrome with loose anagen hair, and to detect gene mutations in the family. A 3-year-old female patient presented with a special facial appearance, short stature, deep palmar and plantar creases, and dark skin. The scalp hair was sparse and thin, dermoscopy showed black spot sign, single-hair follicular units, hair shafts varying in the diameter, upright hair and new vellus hair, and constriction of hair shafts and nodular hair were occasionally observed. Peripheral blood samples were collected from the proband and her parents, and the genomic DNA was extracted for whole-exome sequencing. A heterozygous missense mutation c.4A>G was identified in exon 2 of the SHOC2 gene in the proband, resulting in the substitution of serine by glycine at amino acid position 2 (p.S2G) . The mutation was not identified in either of her parents. Combined with the clinical phenotype and gene mutation, the diagnosis of Noonan-like syndrome with loose anagen hair was confirmed.

16.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 81-85, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986684

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the incidence of extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ECC) has been increasing annually. As a result of frequently invading adjacent structures, such as hepatic artery, hepatic vein, and portal vein, and low radical resection rate, the prognosis is poor. Even if radical resection is completed early, the 5-year survival rate is still less than 30%. At present, whether postoperative adjuvant therapy can improve the prognosis of ECC remains a research hotspot and a controversial point. This article will combine the latest research results to discuss the plan and status of postoperative adjuvant therapy after ECC, as well as analyze the effect of postoperative adjuvant therapy on ECC.

17.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 402-409, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984736

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the diagnostic value of different detection markers in histological categories of endocervical adenocarcinoma (ECA), and their assessment of patient prognosis. Methods: A retrospective study of 54 patients with ECA in the Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from 2005-2010 were performed. The cases of ECA were classified into two categories, namely human papillomavirus-associated adenocarcinoma (HPVA) and non-human papillomavirus-associated adenocarcinoma (NHPVA), based on the 2018 international endocervical adenocarcinoma criteria and classification (IECC). To detect HR-HPV DNA and HR-HPV E6/E7 mRNA in all patients, we used whole tissue section PCR (WTS-PCR) and HPV E6/E7 mRNA in situ hybridization (ISH) techniques, respectively. Additionally, we performed Laser microdissection PCR (LCM-PCR) on 15 randomly selected HR-HPV DNA-positive cases to confirm the accuracy of the above two assays in identifying ECA lesions. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to analyze the efficacy of markers to identify HPVA and NHPVA. Univariate and multifactorial Cox proportional risk model regression analyses were performed for factors influencing ECA patients' prognoses. Results: Of the 54 patients with ECA, 30 were HPVA and 24 were NHPVA. A total of 96.7% (29/30) of HPVA patients were positive for HR-HPV DNA and 63.3% (19/30) for HR-HPV E6/E7 mRNA, and 33.3% (8/24) of NHPVA patients were positive for HR-HPV DNA and HR-HPV E6/E7 mRNA was not detected (0/24), and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.001). LCM-PCR showed that five patients were positive for HR-HPV DNA in the area of glandular epithelial lesions and others were negative, which was in good agreement with the E6/E7 mRNA ISH assay (Kappa=0.842, P=0.001). Analysis of the ROC results showed that the AUC of HR-HPV DNA, HR-HPV E6/E7 mRNA, and p16 to identify HPVA and NHPVA were 0.817, 0.817, and 0.692, respectively, with sensitivities of 96.7%, 63.3%, and 80.0% and specificities of 66.7%, 100.0%, and 58.3%, respectively. HR-HPV DNA identified HPVA and NHPVA with higher AUC than p16 (P=0.044). The difference in survival rates between HR-HPV DNA (WTS-PCR assay) positive and negative patients was not statistically significant (P=0.156), while the difference in survival rates between HR-HPV E6/E7 mRNA positive and negative patients, and p16 positive and negative patients were statistically significant (both P<0.05). Multifactorial Cox regression analysis showed that International Federation of Obstetrics and Gynecology (FIGO) staging (HR=19.875, 95% CI: 1.526-258.833) and parametrial involvement (HR=14.032, 95% CI: 1.281-153.761) were independent factors influencing the prognosis of patients with ECA. Conclusions: HR-HPV E6/E7 mRNA is more reflective of HPV infection in ECA tissue. The efficacy of HR-HPV E6/E7 mRNA and HR-HPV DNA (WTS-PCR assay) in identifying HPVA and NHPVA is similar, with higher sensitivity of HR-HPV DNA and higher specificity of HR-HPV E6/E7 mRNA. HR-HPV DNA is more effective than p16 in identifying HPVA and NHPVA. HPV E6/E7 mRNA and p16 positive ECA patients have better survival rates than negative.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Papillomavirus Infections/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology , Prognosis , Oncogene Proteins, Viral/genetics , Papillomaviridae , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Papillomaviridae/genetics , RNA, Viral/genetics
18.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 469-475, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982616

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the mechanisms of large-conductance calcium-activated potassium channel (BKCa) involved in inflammatory response in sepsis.@*METHODS@#The serum levels of BKCa were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in patients with sepsis (28 cases), patients with common infection (25 cases) and healthy people (25 cases). The relationship between levels of BKCa and acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) were analyzed. Cultured RAW 264.7 cells were stimulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). In some experiments, a cell model of sepsis was constructed using Nigericin as the second stimulus signal. The mRNA and protein expressions of BKCa in RAW 264.7 cells stimulated with LPS (0, 50, 100, 1 000 μg/L) were measured by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and Western blotting. RAW 264.7 cells were transfected with small interfering RNA of BKCa (siRNA-BKCa), and the levels of caspase-1 precursor (pro-caspase-1), interleukin-1β precursor (pro-IL-1β) in cell, and the levels of caspase-1 p20, IL-1β p17 of cell culture medium, and NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3), nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) were measured by Western blotting. The apoptosis were detected by staining with propidium iodide (PI), the release rate of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were measured, and the expression of apoptotic protein Gasdermin D (GSDMD) was measured by Western blotting to evaluate the effect of silencing BKCa on cell pyrosis.@*RESULTS@#The level of serum BKCa in patients with sepsis was significantly higher than that in patients with common infection and health peoples (ng/L: 165.2±25.9 vs. 102.5±25.9, 98.8±20.0, both P < 0.05). In addition, the level of serum BKCa in patients with sepsis was significantly positively correlated with APACHE II score (r = 0.453, P = 0.013). LPS could construct a sepsis cell model by which LPS could promote BKCa expression in mRNA and protein with a concentration-dependent manner. The mRNA and protein expressions of BKCa in the cells stimulated by 1 000 μg/L LPS were significantly higher than that in the blank group (0 μg/L) [BKCa mRNA (2-ΔΔCt): 3.00±0.36 vs. 1.00±0.16, BKCa/β-actin: 1.30±0.16 vs. 0.37±0.09, both P < 0.05]. Compared with the control group, the ratios of caspase-1 p20/pro-caspase-1 and IL-1β p17/pro-IL-1β in the model group were significantly increased (caspase-1 p20/pro-caspase-1: 0.83±0.12 vs. 0.27±0.05, IL-1β p17/pro-IL-1β: 0.77±0.12 vs. 0.23±0.12, both P < 0.05), however, transfection of siRNA-BKCa induced the decrease both of them (caspase-1 p20/pro-capase-1: 0.23±0.12 vs. 0.83±0.12, IL-1β p17/pro-IL-1β: 0.13±0.05 vs. 0.77±0.12, both P < 0.05). Compared with the control group, the number of apoptotic cells, LDH release rate and GSDMD expression in the model group were significantly increased [LDH release rate: (30.60±8.40)% vs. (15.20±7.10)%, GSDMD-N/GSDMD-FL: 2.10±0.16 vs. 1.00±0.16, both P < 0.05], however, transfection of siRNA-BKCa induced the decrease both of them [LDH release rate: (15.60±7.30)% vs. (30.60±8.40)%, GSDMD-N/GSDMD-FL: 1.13±0.17 vs. 2.10±0.16, both P < 0.05]. The mRNA and protein expressions of NLRP3 in sepsis cells were significantly higher than those in the control group [NLRP3 mRNA (2-ΔΔCt): 2.06±0.17 vs. 1.00±0.24, NLRP3/GAPDH: 0.46±0.05 vs. 0.15±0.04, both P < 0.05]. However, the expression of NLRP3 after siRNA-BKCa transfection was significantly lower than that in model group [NLRP3 mRNA (2-ΔΔCt): 1.57±0.09 vs. 2.06±0.17, NLRP3/GAPDH: 0.19±0.02 vs. 0.46±0.05, both P < 0.05]. Compared with the control group, the NF-κB p65 nuclear transfer of sepsis cell were significantly increased (NF-κB p65/Histone: 0.73±0.12 vs. 0.23±0.09, P < 0.05). However, the NF-κB p65 expression in the nucleus were decreased after siRNA-BKCa transfection (NF-κB p65/Histone: 0.20±0.03 vs. 0.73±0.12, P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#BKCa is involved in the pathogenesis of sepsis, and its possible mechanism is to activate NF-κB/NLRP3/caspase-1 signaling pathway to induce inflammatory factor production and cell death.


Subject(s)
Humans , Histones , Caspase 1 , Large-Conductance Calcium-Activated Potassium Channels , Lipopolysaccharides , NF-kappa B , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Sepsis , RNA, Small Interfering , Caspases
19.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 477-496, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982528

ABSTRACT

Although somatic cells can be reprogrammed to pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) with pure chemicals, authentic pluripotency of chemically induced pluripotent stem cells (CiPSCs) has never been achieved through tetraploid complementation assay. Spontaneous reprogramming of spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) was another non-transgenic way to obtain PSCs, but this process lacks mechanistic explanation. Here, we reconstructed the trajectory of mouse SSC reprogramming and developed a five-chemical combination, boosting the reprogramming efficiency by nearly 80- to 100-folds. More importantly, chemical induced germline-derived PSCs (5C-gPSCs), but not gPSCs and chemical induced pluripotent stem cells, had authentic pluripotency, as determined by tetraploid complementation. Mechanistically, SSCs traversed through an inverted pathway of in vivo germ cell development, exhibiting the expression signatures and DNA methylation dynamics from spermatogonia to primordial germ cells and further to epiblasts. Besides, SSC-specific imprinting control regions switched from biallelic methylated states to monoallelic methylated states by imprinting demethylation and then re-methylation on one of the two alleles in 5C-gPSCs, which was apparently distinct with the imprinting reprogramming in vivo as DNA methylation simultaneously occurred on both alleles. Our work sheds light on the unique regulatory network underpinning SSC reprogramming, providing insights to understand generic mechanisms for cell-fate decision and epigenetic-related disorders in regenerative medicine.


Subject(s)
Male , Mice , Animals , Cellular Reprogramming/genetics , Tetraploidy , Pluripotent Stem Cells/metabolism , Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells/metabolism , DNA Methylation , Spermatogonia/metabolism , Germ Cells/metabolism
20.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 341-352, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982276

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Primary dysmenorrhea (PD) is the most common complaint associated with menstruation and affects up to three-quarters of women at some stage of their reproductive life. In Chinese medicine, navel therapy, treatment provided at Shenque (CV 8), is used as a treatment option for PD.@*OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effect of navel therapy on pain relief and quality of life in women with PD, compared with Western medicine (WM).@*METHODS@#China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese Scientific Journal Database (VIP), SinoMed and Wanfang Database, MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, Embase, Web of Science, and the International Clinical Trial Registry of the U.S. National Institutes of Health were searched from their inceptions to April 1, 2021. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing therapeutic effects of navel therapy on PD were eligible for inclusion. RevMan 5.4 software was used for data analyses. The certainty of the evidence was assessed using the online GRADEpro tool.@*RESULTS@#Totally 24 RCTs involving 2,614 participants were identified. Interventions applied to acupuncture point CV 8 included: herbal patching, moxibustion or combined navel therapy (using at least 2 types of stimulation). Compared to placebo, there was a significant effect in favor of navel therapy on reducing overall menstrual symptom scores at the end of treatment [mean difference: -0.82, 95% confidence interval (CI): -1.00 to -0.64, n=90; 1 RCT]. As compared with Western medicine, navel therapy had a superior effect on pain intensity as assessed by Visual Analogue Scale at the end of treatment [standardized mean difference (SMD): -0.64, 95% CI: -1.22 to -0.06, I2=80%, n=262; 3 RCTs]; on symptom resolution rate at 3-month follow-up (risk ratio: 1.94, 95% CI: 1.47 to 2.56, n=1527, I2=38%; 13 RCTs); and on global menstrual symptoms score at the end of treatment (SMD: -0.67, 95% CI: -0.90 to -0.45, I2=63%, n=990; 12 RCTs). Subgroup analyses showed either a better or an equivalent effect comparing navel therapy with Western medicine. No major adverse events were reported. The methodological quality of included trials was poor overall.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Navel therapy appears to be more effective than Western medicine in decreasing menstrual pain and improving overall symptoms of PD. However, these findings need to be confirmed by well-designed clinical trials with adequate sample size (Systematic review registration at PROSPERO, No. CRD42021240350).


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , United States , Dysmenorrhea/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Moxibustion , Pain Management
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