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1.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 1330-1335, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005563

ABSTRACT

Organoids are three-dimensional (3D) biological structures constructed in vitro by stem cells, which partially mimic the function of real organs. Brain organoids are an extremely important branch of organoid research. This technology can differentiate pluripotent stem cells into the required cell types in a 3D culture environment, and self-assemble into structural bodies, but it is currently unable to fully replicate the structural and physiological features of the real human brain. The maturity of brain organoids may form consciousness, which poses ethical issues such as determining moral status and informed consent in brain organoids research. This paper elaborated on the research progress and future development direction of brain organoids, and proposed multidimensional governance strategies for ethical issues faced in brain organoids research from the perspectives of ethical principles, ensuring public informed consent, and legal supervision. By exploring the above issues, reference will be provided for formulating ethical principles to guide the research and application of brain organoids in the future.

2.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 143-148, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884233

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical outcomes between replacement with a composite press-fit radial head prosthesis versus open reduction and plate-screw internal fixation in the treatment of adult Mason Ⅲ radial head fractures.Methods:The clinical data of 64 adult patients with Mason Ⅲ radial head fracture were retrospectively analyzed who had been admitted to Department of Orthopedics, Beijing Friendship Hospital from January 2012 to December 2019. They were 18 males and 46 females, aged from 32 to 58 years (average, 45.7 years). They were divided into 2 groups: 32 cases received mini-plate-screw internal fixation (internal fixation group) and 32 cases replacement with a composite press-fit radial head prosthesis (replacement group). At the last follow-up, elbow valgus angle, range of elbow motion, Mayo score of elbow function and visual analogue scale (VAS) pain score were recorded and compared to evaluate the postoperative clinical outcomes.Results:There was no statistically significant difference in the preoperative general data between the 2 groups, showing they were comparable ( P>0.05). All patients were followed up for 8 to 48 months (average, 18.7 months). The operation time was, respectively, (81.4±8.2) min and (68.9±7.3) min for the internal fixation group and the replacement group, showing a statistically significant difference ( P< 0.05). For the internal fixation group and the replacement group at the last follow-up, the flexion and extension angles were 95° to 125° and 100° to 140°, the rotation angles 135.3°±11.2° and 143.5°±12.8°, and the Mayo scores 79.2±3.8 and 83.4±3.9, all significantly favoring the replacement group ( P<0.05). The VAS pain scores before operation and at the last follow-up were 7.6±0.7 and 0.9±0.7 for the internal fixation group, and 7.9±0.8 and 0.7±0.6 for the replacement group, showing significant differences between preoperation and the last follow-up in both groups ( P<0.05). All the incisions healed by the first intention, with no postoperative infection. Internal fixation loosening with ulnar neuritis was reported in one case in the internal fixation group; peri-prosthesis absorption with no prosthesis loosening was observed in one case in the replacements group. Conclusion:In the treatment of adult Mason Ⅲ radial head fractures, although both replacements with a composite press-fit radial head prosthesis and open reduction and plate-screw internal fixation can lead to satisfactory results, the former may be more effective.

3.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 257-259, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868971

ABSTRACT

The epidemic of corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is still ongoing, and infections among health care workers are not uncommon. How to complete the diagnosis and treatment of orthopaedic diseases and prevent the spread of the epidemic is a great challenge for orthopaedic surgeons. On the basis of exposure history and medical conditions of orthopaedic patients, the hierarchical control is very important for reduction of the exposure for the medical staff and patients. In order to ensure medical safety and reduce the consumption of materials for the epidemic prevention, we classified the hospitalized orthopaedic patients into three classes and six levels, to provide effective references for all levels of hospitals in orthopaedic clinical work.

4.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1045-1054, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708626

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the feasibility and curative effects of one-stage reconstructing the anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments injuries with autologous hamstring tendon using TightRope devices all inside.Methods Thirty-four patients who suffered from the anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments injuries referred to our center from July 2013 to July 2015.Thirty-two of them with the average age 37.4±9.2 years old (range:18-61 years old),including 23 male and 9 female,were followed up over 2 years.According to the anatomy classification for knee dislocation,14 patients were KD Ⅱ type,11 patients KD Ⅲ M type,7 patients KD Ⅲ L type.The interval from injury to surgery was 4-6 weeks.One-stage reconstruction of the anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments was conducted by using autologous hamstring tendon with TightRope device all inside under arthroscopy.Ipsilateral hamstring tendon was taken in the patients of KD Ⅱ type,while opposite hamstring tendon was used in the patients of KD Ⅲ.The semitendinosus graft acted as posterior cruciate ligament,and gracilis graft acted as anterior cruciate ligament.Fold the tendon graft in half into four strands,with the length 6-7 cm,diameter 7-9 mm,and link together with two TightRope devices.The anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments injuries were reconstructed in one-stage with autologous hamstring tendon using TightRope all inside.The medial or lateral collateral ligament in patients of KD Ⅲ type was repaired.The anterior and posterior drawer test,Lachman test,valgus stress test,IKDC classification,Lysholm scores were recorded before and after surgery to evaluate the efficacy of reconstruction.Results Thirty-two patients who were treated with surgery were followed up 2-4 years with average 2.6 years.Preoperative symptoms relieved apparently in the last follow-up in all patients.The anterior and posterior drawer test and Lachman test were negative.The IKDC score of 27 patients at two years after surgery were rated as normal (84%),while that of 4 patients were rated as near normal (13%),1 patients as abnormal (3%).The rates of the normal and near normal were up to 97%.The overall score was improved from preoperation (36.4±4.6) to postoperation (90.1± 10.7,t=27.96,P=0.000).The knee function Lysholm scores was significantly increased from preoperation (52.7±5.3) to postoperation (91.5±9.2,t=23.26,P=0.000).Conclusion The one-stage reconstructing the anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments injuries with autologous hamstring tendon using TightRope devices all inside can recover the stability of knee joint with satisfied joint function postoperatively.

5.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 76-79, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707433

ABSTRACT

Objective To quantitatively analyze the operation risks for femoral intertrochanteric frac-tures under the guidance of Acute Physiology and Chronic Health EvaluationⅡ( APACHEⅡ) . Methods A retrospective analysis was performed among the 226 patients with femoral intertrochanteric fracture who had re-ceived surgery between January 2013 and January 2016. They were 59 men and 167 women, aged from 69 to 106 years ( average, 75. 4 ± 6. 1 years ) . Their average APACHEⅡscore was 18. 3 ± 6. 3 ( from 5 to 34 ) . They were divided into 3 groups according to their APACHEⅡscores: 127 cases in the low risk group (≤ 15 ) , 68 cases in the medium risk group ( from 16 to 24 ) and 31 cases in the high risk group ( ≥25 ) . The mortality was compared between the 3 groups. The deaths and survivals were compared in each group in terms of age, oper-ation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative blood transfusion and combined internal diseases. Results Thirteen patients died during hospitalization, giving a mortality of 5. 7% ( 13/226 ) . The causes for death were heart attack in 6 cases, respiratory failure in 4, toxic shock in 2 and renal failure in one. The mortality in the high risk group ( 22. 6%, 7/31 ) was significantly higher than in the low risk group ( 1. 6%, 2/125 ) and in the medium risk group ( 5. 9%, 4/68 ) ( P <0. 05 ) . In the low risk group, the intraoperative blood loss was sta-tistically different between deaths and survivals ( P <0. 05 ); in the medium risk group, the intraoperative blood loss and postoperative blood transfusion volume were statistically different between deaths and survivals ( P <0. 05 ); in the high risk group, the age and intraoperative blood loss were statistically different between deaths and survivals ( P <0. 05 ) . Conclusions APACHEⅡcan be used to quantitatively evaluate the patients with femoral intertrochanteric fracture who usually suffer from intraoperative complications and concomitant in-ternal diseases. The most significant risk factor may be intraoperative blood loss.

6.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 539-543, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661639

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical effects of the T-type volar locking compression plate and variable angle two-column locking compression plate in treatment of 118 cases with distal radial fractures.Methods Retrospectivly analyzed the clinical data of distal radius fracture cases from Dec.2011 to Nov.2015 in Department of Orthopedics,Beijing Friendship Hospital,Capital Medical University who were respectively underwent T-type locking compression plate and variable angle two-column locking compression plate.The T-type locking compression plate group of 60 cases;according to AO/OTA classification,including 3 cases of type A3,type B2 5 cases,type B3 7 cases,type C1 10 cases,typc C2 20 cases,type C3 in 15 cases.The variable angle two-column locking compression plate variable angle two-column locking compression plate group 58 cases;according to AO/OTA classification,including 1 cases of type A3,type B2 2 cases,type B3 4 cases,type C1 15 cases,type C2 18 cases,type C3 18 cases.Comparative analysis of two groups of postoperative radiographic parameters and functional recovery.Palm angle,ulnar deviation angle,radius height,wrist joint activity and G-W function score were measured by ((x) ± s),and the comparison was performed t test.Results All patients were followed up,mean follow-up time of T-type locking compression plate group was 26.5 months,the mean follow-up time of variable angle two-column locking compression plate group was 25.6 months.The results showed that there were no significant differences between the two groups in ulnar deviation angle,radius height,radial deviation angle and Gartland-Werley function score.There was significant difference between the two groups in the angle of palm angle,wrist dorsal extension,palmar flexion,ulnar deviation,Wrist rotation,and variable angle two-column locking compression plate had advantages.Conclusion Two kinds of treatment of distal radius fractures were satisfactory clinical efficacy,and variable angle two-column locking compression plate had more advantages,doctors can choose corresponding fixation methods according to the specific situation of patients.

7.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 408-413, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614041

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficacy of anatomic plate internal fixation in treatment of complex proximal humeral fractures combined with humeral shaft fractures.Methods This retrospective case series study included 58 patients with complex proximal humeral fractures combined with humeral shaft fractures admitted from July 1998 to July 2015.There were 31 males and 27 females,with a mean age of 63 years (range,18-86 years).According to the Neer classification of proximal humeral fractures,three-part fractures were noted in 42 patients and four-part fractures in 16 patients.Four patients were combined with compressed or splitting fractures of the head of humerus and 38 patients with dislocation of the shoulder.According to the site classification of femoral shaft fractures,proximal 1/3 shaft fractures were noted in 36 patients,middle and distal 1/3 shaft fractures in 19,and multisegmental shaft fractures in three.All patients underwent anatomic reduction and anatomic plate internal fixation.Bone healing,Neer score of function outcome and complications were evaluated after operation.Results Mean duration of follow-up was 8.6 years (range,1-18 years).Bone union was observed in all patients after 10 to 24 weeks (mean,14.5 weeks).According to the Neer score,the outcomes were excellent in 23 patients,good in 25,fair in eight and poor in two,with the excellent rate of 83 %.Complications such as infection,nerve injury and vascular injury were not observed after operation.Six patients suffered from limitations of shoulder anterior flexion and rise,one patient had humeral head necrosis and treated by shock wave treatment,and one patient had poor incision healing with hemorrhagic effusion and cured after dressing.Conclusion Anatomic plate internal fixation can contribute to fast functional recovery and few complications in treatment of complex proximal humeral fractures combined with humeral shaft fractures.

8.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 539-543, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658720

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical effects of the T-type volar locking compression plate and variable angle two-column locking compression plate in treatment of 118 cases with distal radial fractures.Methods Retrospectivly analyzed the clinical data of distal radius fracture cases from Dec.2011 to Nov.2015 in Department of Orthopedics,Beijing Friendship Hospital,Capital Medical University who were respectively underwent T-type locking compression plate and variable angle two-column locking compression plate.The T-type locking compression plate group of 60 cases;according to AO/OTA classification,including 3 cases of type A3,type B2 5 cases,type B3 7 cases,type C1 10 cases,typc C2 20 cases,type C3 in 15 cases.The variable angle two-column locking compression plate variable angle two-column locking compression plate group 58 cases;according to AO/OTA classification,including 1 cases of type A3,type B2 2 cases,type B3 4 cases,type C1 15 cases,type C2 18 cases,type C3 18 cases.Comparative analysis of two groups of postoperative radiographic parameters and functional recovery.Palm angle,ulnar deviation angle,radius height,wrist joint activity and G-W function score were measured by ((x) ± s),and the comparison was performed t test.Results All patients were followed up,mean follow-up time of T-type locking compression plate group was 26.5 months,the mean follow-up time of variable angle two-column locking compression plate group was 25.6 months.The results showed that there were no significant differences between the two groups in ulnar deviation angle,radius height,radial deviation angle and Gartland-Werley function score.There was significant difference between the two groups in the angle of palm angle,wrist dorsal extension,palmar flexion,ulnar deviation,Wrist rotation,and variable angle two-column locking compression plate had advantages.Conclusion Two kinds of treatment of distal radius fractures were satisfactory clinical efficacy,and variable angle two-column locking compression plate had more advantages,doctors can choose corresponding fixation methods according to the specific situation of patients.

9.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 739-742, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485227

ABSTRACT

Objectives To discuss the diagnosis and treatment of patellar plica under arthroscopy.Methods A retrospective survey was performed in 75 cases with patellar plicas under arthroscopy from Jun.2008 to June.2012.All patients were admitted by the clinic.All the patients diagnosised by arthroscopy and clinical evidence, and cuted off under arthroscopy.After the operation, patients were followed-up in the clinic and by telephone for 12 to 60 months, according to the knee joint Lysholm scoring system to assess curative effect.Results All the patients with successful operation, the operation time was 15-25 minutes.All cases after the operation without complications such as infection, quicker recovery of joint function.After 12 to 60 months, 70 patients were followed up, the knee joint Lysholm excellent score was 92.9%.Conclusions Inferior patellar plica under is a type of knee joint synovial plica syndrome, the arthroscopic surgery can determine diagnosis and do effective treatment.

10.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 450-454, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-314683

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of oral fluid resuscitation with pyruvate sodium-glucose-electrolyte solution (PGES) on hemodynamics, organ functions and mortalities during shock stage in dogs with burn.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In comparison of oral pyruvate sodium-glucose-electrolyte solution (PGES) with NaHCO₃-glucose-electrolyte solution (HGES), beagle dogs with intubation of the carotid artery, jugular vein and jejunum for 24 hours were subjected to a 50% total body surface area (TBSA) burn, and were divided into three groups: pure burn without fluid resuscitation (NR, n = 8), and two oral fluid resuscitation (each n = 10), in which dogs were given with Pry-GES (OP) or NaHCO₃-GES (OH) according to Parkland formula. The hemodynamic and organ functions were measured serially before burn and 2, 6, 8, 12 and 24 hours after burn at no anaesthesia state A. Twenty-four hours mortality rate following burn was also recorded.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Two hours after burn, the mean arterial pressure of NR, OH and OP group was (45 ± 8), (57 ± 8) and (80 ± 9) mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa) respectively, which were significantly reduced (t = 16.967, 14.595 and 10.100, all P < 0.05) compared with those before injury ((42 ± 6), (144 ± 6) and (142 ± 6) mmHg respectively), the change of cardiac output, dp/dtmax of left ventricular contractility and intestinal mucosal blood flow had the same trend as the mean arterial pressure. The systemic vascular resistance and organ parameters (Cr, CK-MB, ALT and DAO) in all groups increased obviously (t = -46.894--2.465, all P < 0.05). All measurements of NR group kept worsening, and all died within 24 hours after burn; while those of two oral resuscitation groups had improved gradually (F = 0.001-1.600, all P < 0.05), OP group was significantly superior to OH group (F = 0.013-0.466, P < 0.05). At 24 hours after burn, 6 (6/10) survived in OP group, 4 (4/10) in OH group and 0 (0/8) in NR group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The Pyr-GES may be superior to the standard NaHCO₃-GES in the improvement of hemodynamics and organ functions during oral resuscitation in dogs with 50%TBSA full thickness burn.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Male , Body Surface Area , Burns , Therapeutics , Disease Models, Animal , Fluid Therapy , Hemodynamics , Pyruvates , Therapeutic Uses , Rehydration Solutions , Shock , Therapeutics
11.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 244-248, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-465891

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the effect of intravenous resuscitation with sodium pyruvate (Pyr) Ringer solution against lactated Ringer solution on hemodynamic and organ functions during shock stage in dogs with burn.Methods 28 Beagle dogs were subjected to 50% total body surface area (TBSA) burn,and they were divided into three groups:burn injury without fluid resuscitation (N R,n =8),Ringer lactate solution(RL,n =10),and Pyr Ringer solution (RP,n =10).They were given intravenous fluid resuscitation according to Parkland formula 30 minutes after burn.The hemodynamics,organ functions and mortality were observed in conscious state before burn injury,and 2,6,8,12,24 hours after burn injury.Results Within 24 hours after burn,all the dogs in NR group died,and those in RL and RP groups were all alive.At 2 hours after burn,the mean arterial pressure (MAP),cardiac index (CI),dp/dt max of left ventricular contractility were significantly reduced in NR,RL and RP groups compared with those before injury [MAP(mmHg,1 mmHg =0.133 kPa):45.33 ± 7.78 vs.141.67 ± 5.98,91.33 ± 10.25 vs.142.33 ± 6.16,98.67 ± 9.54 vs.142.83 ±5.47; CI (mL·s-1·m-2):8.17 ±0.83 vs.48.34 ±3.33,16.84 ±2.17 vs.47.34 ± 1.67,19.00 ± 1.50 vs.47.34 ± 1.33; dp/dt max (mmHg/s):426.83 ± 51.91 vs.1 372.50 ± 39.61,594.00 ± 88.23 vs.1 363.83 ± 44.92,645.00 ±66.82 vs.1 395.83 ± 19.49,all P<0.05],and the systemic vascular resistance (SVR) and alanine transaminase (ALT),creatinine (Cr),serum MB isoenzyme of creatine kinase (CK-MB),diamine oxidase (DAO) were significantly higher [SVR (kPa·s ·L-1):1 322.50 ±36.37 vs.281.45 ± 8.84,777.50 ±41.84 vs.289.72 ± 6.70,571.40 ±40.01 vs.286.27 ±8.66; ALT (U/L):89.50 ±4.11 vs.40.57 ±3.63,89.25 ±4.88 vs.37.92 ± 2.62,86.30 ±5.61 vs.38.47 ±3.50; Cr (μmol/L):75.62 ±4.61 vs.41.58 ±2.78,77.00 ±5.92 vs.46.55 ± 3.17,74.13 ±2.56 vs.45.65 ± 1.83; CK-MB (kU/L):13.122 ±0.282 vs.1.557 ±0.009,8.885 ±0.272 vs.1.497 ± 0.009,8.692 ± 0.180 vs.1.490 ± 0.005; DAO (kU/L):2.26 ± 0.14 vs.0.25 ± 0.02,1.50 ± 0.07 vs.0.25 ± 0.01,1.37 ± 0.07 vs.0.25 ± 0.02,all P<0.05].All parameters in NR group kept on worsening till death,while hemodynamic and organ functions of two intravenous resuscitation groups were gradually improved,CI,SVR and DAO in RP group were significantly superior to those of RL group from 2 hours on after burn (all P<0.05),and dp/dt max and CK-MB in RP group were significantly better than those of RL group from 6 hours on after burn [dp/dt max (mmHg/s):1 082.33 ± 63.59 vs.1 018.60 ± 47.36,CK-MB (U/L):7 898.70 ± 255.74 vs.8 438.70 ± 442.00,all P<0.05],and MAP (mmHg) was significantly better than that of RL group at 6 hours (124.67 ± 9.39 vs.114.33 ± 9.16,P<0.05),and Cr (tμmol/L) was significantly better than that of RL group from 24 hours on after burn (53.42 ± 4.99 vs.60.77 ± 3.11,P<0.05).Conclusion The Pyr Ringer solution was superior to the Ringer lactate solution in improving hemodynamic and organ functions for intravenous resuscitation in dogs with 50%TBSA full thickness burn.

12.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 1258-1261, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-458029

ABSTRACT

Objective Gastrointestinal rehydration is a simple and effective method in treatment of burn shock during war-time, fire disaster and other harsh conditions , and practice has proved the exact curative effect of HCO 3 salt sugar liquid .This article was to investigate the effect of pyruvate-enriched oral rehydration solution ( Pyr-ORS ) on intestinal mucosal blood flow ( IMBF ) , activity of Na +-K+-ATPase and intestinal absorption rate during en-teral resuscitation of a 35% TBSA third-degree scald in rats . Methods 90 male rats were randomly divided into 5 groups: scald without fluid resuscitation ( S group ); sham scald resuscitated with HCO3 salt sugar liquid ( SS HCO3 group ); sham scald resuscitated with Pyr-ORS ( SS Pyr-ORS group ); scald resuscitated with HCO 3 salt sugar liquid (S HCO3 group); scald resuscitated with Pyr-ORS (S Pyr-ORS group) (n=18).Each group was divided into 2 subgroups of 1.5 and 4.5 h after scald injury.Intestinal absorption rate of water and Na +, IMBF and activity of Na +-K+-ATPase were detected on each group . Results Compared with shame scald groups , the intestinal absorption rates of water and Na +decreased ob-viously in scald groups with fluid resuscitation (P<0.05);at 1 h after scald injury, the intestinal absorption rates of water and Na +in S Pyr-ORS groups were both higher than those in S HCO 3 groups(P<0.05).Compared with shame scald groups , IMBF and activity of Na+-K+-ATPase at 1.5 and 4.5 h after scald injury decreased obviously in scald groups with fluid resuscitation (P<0.05); at 1.5 and 4.5 h after scald injury, IMBF in S Pyr-ORS groups (95.250 ±5.096/112.765 ±7.215) were greater than those in S HCO3 group (80.764 ±7.852/94.671 ±8.469), which was of statistical significance (P<0.05). Conclusion Pyr-ORS is a simple and effec-tive method in treatment of burn shock during wartime , fire disaster and other harsh conditions .

13.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 824-826, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959083

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To observe the effect of extracorporeal shock wave (ESW) on proliferation of chondrocyte in vitro. Methods Chondrocyte from normal rabbit knee using enzymatic digestion was treated with ESW of 0, 1×105, 1.5×105, 2×105, 2.5×105, 3×105, 3.5×105 Pa 0, 300, 600, 900 times in vitro. The pressure and frequency of ESW most promoting chondrocyte proliferation were determined with cartilage cell morphology, HE staining and CCK-8 assay. Results Chondrocyte proliferated most under 1.5×105 Pa and 600 times of ESW, and decreased as the pressure and the frequency increased. Conclusion Chondrocyte is stress-sensitive in vitro. ESW can promote chondrocyte proliferation in certain pressure and frequency

14.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 742-746, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-420481

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of the physiological and operative severity score for the enumeration of mortality and morbidity (POSSUM) and P-POSSUM in predicting the risks of orthopedic surgeries for senile patients with femoral neck fracture.Methods A total of 108 patients with femoral neck fractures who underwent hip joint replacement were retrospectively studied using POSSUM and P-POSSUM scoring system to predict their mortality and complication rate.The difference between predictive value and observed value was analyzed by chi-square test.Meanwhile,the patients were divided into two groups based on their POSSUM scores.The differences between two groups were analyzed.Results According to POSSUM scores,47 patients were predicted to have complications(the mean rate was 43.52%),but only 37 did actually (the rate was 34.26%).There was no significant difference between predicted values and observed values (P =0.238).The predicted death toll was 11 cases (the mean rate was 10.19%),but actually only 2 patients died (the rate was 1.85%).Predicted value was higher than observed value.In terms of complications,death toll agreed well with the predicted values calculated by P-POSSUM (predicted death of 4 cases' the mean mortality being 3.70% ; actual death of 2 cases' the mortality was 1.85%) without significant difference (P =0.625).We divided the patients into two groups with the POSSUM scores 40,and there was no significant difference between predicted values and observed values (P =0.527,P =0.285).Conclusions POSSUM has better predictive ability of morbidity,but overestimates mortality.P-POSSUM more accurately predicts mortality than POSSUM.The predicted results of POSSUM and P-POSSUM scoring systems are satisfactory in the high risk group.

15.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 681-684, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-422171

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate effect of alendronate on OPG and RANKL in periprosthetic osdeolysis induced by polyethylene particles.Methods Twelve rabbits which had been implanted a titanium plug in femur by intercondylar notch were divided into two groups randomly,polyethylene particles were injected into the left knee joint,one received alendronate,and the other placebo as control.After 12 weeks,all rabbits were sacrificed.Periprosthetic tissues were observed by ELISA.Results The concentration of OPG in the experimental group was not higher than that of the control (P >0.05 ).But the concentration of RANKL in the experimental group was lower(P <0.01 ).And specific value of OPG/RANKL was higher in the experimental group ( P < 0.05 ).Conclusion The therapy of alendronate can change the concentration of RANKL and specific value of OPG/RANKL in periprosthetic osdeolysis induced by polyethylene particles,inhibit aseptic loosening of prosthesis in rabbits.

16.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 875-876, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964143

ABSTRACT

@#ObjectiveTo study the rehabilitation for the forearm rotation function handicap after the fracture of radius. Methods53 patients with the forearm rotation function handicap after operation for the fracture of radius were reviewed. ResultsThe patients were followed up for 2~7 years. The angles of pronation and supination in forearm were 23.47° and 34.42° before treatment, and were 66.59° and 78.56° after treatment (P<0.01). The patients with the course of disease less than 2 months procured better forearm rotation function the those more than 2 months (P<0.01). ConclusionThe forearm rotation function need to be prevented and rehabilitated early after the fracture of radius.

17.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 663-667, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-393917

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect and mechanism of HA1077 on bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) promoting wound healing. Methods (1) In vitro study: rats' BMSCs were har-vested and divided into three groups randomly, ie, control group, induction group and HA1077 group. In control group, culture medium was DMEM with 10% fetal bovine serum. In induction group, induction medium was DMEM which consisted of 10% FBS, 8μg/ml EGF and epithelium culture condition medi-um. In HA1077 group, culture condition medium was the induction medium pins 10 μmol/L HA1077. At day 7 after replanting, CK19 expression, PCNA expression and cell cycle among three groups were clarified by flow cytometry. (2) In vivo study: rabbit's BMSCs were isolated. Six pieces of full skin loss wound were created on the back of a rabbit, with three pieces of wound on the half side of back. The wound was round and 3 cm in diameter. Eight New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into four groups, ie, control group (Group A), EGF control group (Group B), BMSCs group (Group C) and BMSCs + HA1077 group (Group D). Wounds were treated by normal saline in Group A and by EGF (50 U/cm2) in Group B. Besides EGF,1 ml of BMSCs suspension (2 × 106/ml) was used for wound re-pair in Group C. 0.5 ml HAIO77(20 μmol/L), BMSCs and EGF were used together for wound repair in GronpD. At days3, 7and 14 after injury, wound elosuroindex (WCI) was calculated. Results In vitro study:the positive rate of CK19 in the HA1077 group was (40.31±0.82)%, higher than (11.13±2.14)% in the induction group(P < 0.01). The PCNA positive rate and the S phase, cell quantity in HA1077 group were also higher than that in the induction group. In vivo study: WCI was (86.20±1.92) % in Group D at day 14 after injury, obviously higher than that in other three groups. Conclusions HA1077 can promote BMSCs' entering into S phase, expressing PCNA and differentiating and expressing CK19. In vivo combination of HA1077 with BMSCs may facilitate wound healing.

18.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 160-161, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973508

ABSTRACT

@#ObjectiveTo investigate atlantoepistrophic imaging features of patients with vertigo of cervical syndrome.Methods74 patients with vertigo of cervical syndrome were checked by photographs of cervical vertebrae of A-P position, lateral position and mouth open position, some patients were checked by CT three-dimensional reconstruction and/or MRI vertebral arteriography.ResultsImaging examination of these patients showed that physiolgical curvature of cervical vertebrae became straightened, width of both lateral masses of atlas was inequality, space of both lateral masses of atlas to odontoid process of vertebra dentata was also inequality, and inferior articular surface of lateral mass was not parallel with superior articular surface of axis. The CT could display the side displacement and anterior or posterior rotation of lateral masses of atlas. The cervical MRI vertebral arteriography could display the effect of side displacement and rotation of lateral masses of atlas on vertebral artery. If side displacement or rotation of vertebral artery occurred, the diameter of artery decreased.ConclusionThe diseased region of vertigo of the cervical syndrome is the atlas and axis, especially the side displacement and anterior or posterior rotation of the atlas.

19.
Chinese Journal of Nosocomiology ; (24)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-586151

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To recombine J chain gene with HNP-1 into a new germicidal(molecule) J-HNP-1,which can connect with pIgR by J chain,so that by using pIgR as a "bridge" the J-HNP-1(germicidal) peptide can be transported into the epithelial cell of mucous membrane to kill the intracellular microorganisms,then the recombinant is inserted into the mammalian expression system.METHODS The J chain and HNP-1 cDNA were amplified from the plasmids respectively by PCR,then the two cDNA fragments were recombined into J-HNP-1 by recombinant PCR.The J-HNP-1 cDNA fragment was inserted into the(mammalian) expression vector pcDNA3.1(-)/Myc-HisC.RESULTS The J-HNP-1 recombinant was obtained by(connection) of J chain and HNP-1 cDNA by PCR.The recombinant J-HNP-1 cDNA was 786bp.CONCLUSIONS The recombinant J-HNP-1 cDNA and the construction of expression vector are the basis for the new bactericidal peptide production.

20.
Chinese Journal of Nosocomiology ; (24)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-585918

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To reconstruct the HNP-1 into the J-HNP-1 with a J chain,and explore to set up a mammalian cell expression system which can express and secret J-HNP-1,so that the products could be examined and purified conveniently. METHODS The J-HNP-1 cDNA fragments were produced by recombinant PCR.Then the J-HNP-1 was inserted into the mammalian expression vector pcDNA3.1(-)/Myc-His which had the double marks Myc and 6?His.The recombinant vector rpcDNA3.1(-)/Myc-His /J-HNP-1 was transfected into the COS-7 cell.The J-HNP-1 expression was analyzed at the mRNA and protein level.The germicidal activity of cell culture supernatant and cellular solution protein was assayed. RESULTS By the use of RT-PCR with special primers,a band of 786bp was amplified from COS-7 cells transfected by this recombinant plasmid.Western blot analysis with specific anti-histidines antibody revealed that the cell culture supernatant and cellular solution protein of COS-7 cells transfected by rpcDNA3.1(-)/Myc-His /J-HNP-1 had a strong band with relative molecular mass of about 24?10~3.Antibacterial activity assay showed that obvious bacterial inhibition occurred in both lysate and supernatant of COS-7 cells transfected by rpcDNA3.1(-)/Myc-His /J-HNP-1. CONCLUSIONS The J-HNP-1 recombinant is obtained and inserted into the mammalian expression vector then to be expressed in vitro.The expression product is found to have the anti-bacterial effect in vitro.

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