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1.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 274-280, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982157

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#With the aging of the population and the increased importance of lung cancer screening, the number of early-stage lung cancer patients has been on the rise in recent years, which can be classified into operable early-stage lung cancer and inoperable early-stage lung cancer. The most common pathological type is non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) is the optimal treatment for inoperable early-stage NSCLC. The aim of this study was to investigate the prognosis of early-stage NSCLC patients treated with SBRT and its influencing factors in order to reduce the side effects of radiotherapy and improve the survival and quality of life.@*METHODS@#Clinical data and follow-up outcomes of early-stage NSCLC patients treated with SBRT in our hospital from August 2010 to August 2020 were collected. Kaplan-Meier method was used to assess the prognosis, and the Cox proportional risk model was used for multivariate prognostic analysis.@*RESULTS@#A total of 165 patients were included with a median follow-up time of 43.2 (range: 4.8-132.1) mon. The local control (LC) rates at 1-yr, 2-yr and 5-yr were 98.1%, 94.8% and 86.5% respectively. Karnofsky performance status (KPS) score greater than 80 was an independent prognostic factor for LC (P=0.02). The overall survival (OS) rates at 1-yr, 2-yr and 5-yr were 97.6%, 93.0% and 68.9% respectively. A biological equivalent dose when α/β=10 (BED10) greater than 132 Gy was an independent prognostic factor for OS (P=0.04). Progression-free survival (PFS) rates at 1-yr, 2-yr and 5-yr were 93.3%, 79.5% and 55.3% respectively. The distance metastasis free survival (DMFS) rates at 1-yr, 2-yr and 5-yr were 94.5%, 83.2% and 58.4% respectively. BED10 greater than 150 Gy was an independent prognostic factor for DMFS (P=0.02). The regional control (RC) rates at 1-yr, 2-yr and 5-yr were 98.8%, 95.4% and 87.9% respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#SBRT is effective in treating early-stage NSCLC. KPS greater than 80 is an independent prognostic factor for LC; BED10 greater than 132 Gy is an independent prognostic factor for OS; BED10 greater than 150 Gy is an independent prognostic factor for DMFS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Radiosurgery/methods , Early Detection of Cancer , Quality of Life , Prognosis , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
2.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 642-646, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991686

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the current situation of prevention and control of iodine deficiency disorders (IDD), and to describe the iodine nutrition level of pregnant women in key population in Zhejiang Province.Methods:In 2021, a cross-sectional survey on iodine nutrition status of the population was conducted in all 90 counties (cities, districts) in Zhejiang Province. Each county (city, district) was divided into five districts: east, west, south, north, and central. One township (street) was selected from each district, and 20 pregnant women were selected from each township (street) to collect edible salt samples and one random urine sample for salt and urinary iodine testing. The above indicators were stratified and analyzed according to urban, rural, coastal, inland, early pregnancy, mid pregnancy, and late pregnancy.Results:A total of 9 679 pregnant women's salt samples were tested, with a salt iodine content of (20.2 ± 9.2) mg/kg, an iodized salt coverage rate of 84.2% (8 153/9 679), and a qualified iodized salt consumption rate of 80.4% (7 785/9 679). Among them, the qualified iodized salt consumption rate of pregnant women in coastal areas was 69.4% (3 175/4 575), significantly lower than that in inland areas [90.3% (4 610/5 104)]; and the proportion of non iodized salt consumption in coastal areas [25.8% (1 181/4 575)] was significantly higher than inland areas [6.8% (345/5 104)]. A total of 9 679 pregnant women's urine samples were tested, with a median urinary iodine of 133.0 μg/L ( < 150 μg/L). In urban areas, the median urinary iodine (129.8 μg/L) was lower than that in rural areas (135.0 μg/L). Likewise, the median urinary iodine was 126.0 μg/L, lower than inland areas (140.3 μg/L). And as pregnancy progressed, the iodine nutrition level of pregnant women gradually decreased (the median urinary iodine: 137.0 μg/L in early pregnancy, 134.1 μg/L in mid pregnancy, and 129.4 μg/L in late pregnancy).Conclusion:In 2021, pregnant women in Zhejiang Province are in a state of iodine deficiency, and there is a greater risk in urban areas compared to rural areas and coastal areas compared to inland areas.

3.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 421-425, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991648

ABSTRACT

At present, Chinese residents have three iodine nutritional states: iodine deficiency, iodine appropriate and iodine excess. Appropriate iodine nutrition is crucial to the growth, development, and metabolic regulation of the body. Accurate assessment of individual iodine nutrition level is helpful to accurately understand the iodine status of the body and prevent iodine deficiency or excess. Previous indexes for assessing iodine nutrition include urinary iodine, thyroid stimulating hormone, goiter rate and so on, but these indexes have different degrees of shortcomings in individual iodine nutrition evaluation. This paper reviews the commonly used individual iodine nutrition evaluation indexes, and discusses the possibility of combined application of multiple indexes.

4.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 1327-1333, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998759

ABSTRACT

Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are persistent organic pollutants (POPs). They are widely used in food packaging, tableware coating, stain resistant furniture, and other industrial production. Humans are exposed to PFASs on a daily basis through drinking water and intaking food, use of consumer products containing PFASs, and occupational exposure during the production of PFASs or related products. A growing body of toxicological studies has shown that PFASs exposure disrupts the thyroid hormone (TH) system and causes hypothyroidism, which is further supported by population epidemiological studies. PFASs can damage thyroid follicular cells and sodium/iodine transporters to impair iodine uptake by thyroid cells. They interfere with the synthesis of thyroglobulin, reduce the activity of thyroid peroxidase, and affect the synthesis and secretion of TH. They interfere with TH transportation and biological effects via TH competitive binding thyroid transporter or thyroid hormone receptor. They suppress TH signaling pathway and deiodinase activity, interfere negative feedback mechanism, and accelerate TH metabolism and excretion. The processes of TH synthesis, transport, degradation, and biological effects may all be affected by PFASs exposure. This paper described possible toxic mechanisms of PFASs on the thyroid from four aspects: TH biosynthesis, transport, action on target cells, and metabolic excretion stage, and summarized the thyroid toxicity associated with PFASs exposure.

5.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 291-296, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995505

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of a 3D reconstruction assisted preoperative optimal design of anterolateral abdomen cross-region free perforator flaps for repair of soft tissue defects of limbs.Methods:Twenty patients who were treated for soft tissue defects of hand, forearm, foot and ankle in the Department of Hand Surgery, the Sixth Hospital of Ningbo from October 2017 to January 2020 were included in this study. Among the patients,17 had soft tissue defects in hand and forearm and 3 with composite tissue defects including ankle and soft tissue defect of foot. The sizes of soft tissue defects in limbs ranged from 6 cm × 8 cm - 36 cm × 18 cm. Twenty free cross-area perforator flaps were optimal designed with CTA and 3D assisted reconstruction before surgery. Following combinations of flaps were designed: (1) Free perforator flap with inferior abdominal artery and superior abdominal artery; (2) Free perforator flap with superficial iliac circumflex artery and deep iliac circumflex artery; (3) Free perforator flap with superficial iliac circumflex artery and inferior abdominal wall perforator artery; (4) Free perforator flap with perforators of superficial iliac circumflex artery plus superficial abdominal artery; (5) Free perforator flap with perforating artery of lower abdominal wall and superficial artery of abdominal wall. The overall nutritional area of a combined flap were 272.3 cm 2± 12.5 cm 2, 107.4 cm 2± 9.3 cm 2, 193.6 cm 2± 24.2 cm 2, 155.2 cm 2± 20.1 cm 2 and 203.7 cm 2± 16.3 cm 2, respectively. All the donor sites were sutured directly in one stage. The appearance, texture, blood supply, colour, joint movement of affected limbs, recovery and function of donor sites were observed through postoperative follow-up visits at the outpatient clinic. Results:Among the 20 anterolateral transventral perforator flaps, 18 flaps survived successfully; One had partial necrosis after surgery, and healed after dressing change. Subcutaneous haematoma occurred in 1 flap, and survived after drainage. In this study, there was no postoperative infection of flap. A total of 19 flaps healed in one stage, except 1 that had a delayed healing and the flap wound was closed after dressing change for 1 week. According to Disability of Arm, Shouder and Hand (DASH) questionnaire evaluation, which is widely used in the world to evaluate the therapeutic effect after limb injury, combined with the 6-12 months of follow-up, the functional recovery of 17 patients with upper limbs iniury was 7 in excellent, 9 in good and 1 in poor. The overall excellent and good rate achieved 94.1%. All the 3 patients with foot injury recovered well, and the walking and jumping were not significantly affected. The results were all excellent according to the Maryland Foot Function Scoring. Sensation of flaps was evaluated according to the British Sensory Function Evaluation, it showed: 3 in S 2, 15 in S 3 and 2 in S 3+. All 20 flaps had good blood supply, in soft texture, good colour, feeling, thickness and movement. The donor sites all healed well. Conclusion:Combined with an optimal preoperative design, the perforator flap of anterior lateral wall cross-region can obtain a satisfactory clinical efficacy in repair of large area soft tissue defects. It is a feasible treatment method.

6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1207-1215, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980845

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#LY01005 (Goserelin acetate sustained-release microsphere injection) is a modified gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist injected monthly. This phase III trial study aimed to evaluated the efficacy and safety of LY01005 in Chinese patients with prostate cancer.@*METHODS@#We conducted a randomized controlled, open-label, non-inferiority trial across 49 sites in China. This study included 290 patients with prostate cancer who received either LY01005 or goserelin implants every 28 days for three injections. The primary efficacy endpoints were the percentage of patients with testosterone suppression ≤50 ng/dL at day 29 and the cumulative probability of testosterone ≤50 ng/dL from day 29 to 85. Non-inferiority was prespecified at a margin of -10%. Secondary endpoints included significant castration (≤20 ng/dL), testosterone surge within 72 h following repeated dosing, and changes in luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, and prostate specific antigen levels.@*RESULTS@#On day 29, in the LY01005 and goserelin implant groups, testosterone concentrations fell below medical-castration levels in 99.3% (142/143) and 100% (140/140) of patients, respectively, with a difference of -0.7% (95% confidence interval [CI], -3.9% to 2.0%) between the two groups. The cumulative probabilities of maintaining castration from days 29 to 85 were 99.3% and 97.8%, respectively, with a between-group difference of 1.5% (95% CI, -1.3% to 4.4%). Both results met the criterion for non-inferiority. Secondary endpoints were similar between groups. Both treatments were well-tolerated. LY01005 was associated with fewer injection-site reactions than the goserelin implant (0% vs . 1.4% [2/145]).@*CONCLUSION@#LY01005 is as effective as goserelin implants in reducing testosterone to castration levels, with a similar safety profile.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT04563936.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal/therapeutic use , East Asian People , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone/agonists , Goserelin/therapeutic use , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Prostatic Neoplasms/drug therapy , Testosterone
7.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 422-427, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979525

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To explore the effects of intravenous treprostinil in different doses on the hemodynamics and postoperative outcomes after high-risk total cavo-pulmonary connection (TCPC). Methods    From 2018 to 2021, among 189 patients who underwent TCPC in the Department of Pediatric Cardiac Surgery of Fuwai Hospital, 26 high-risk patients who received the intravenous treprostinil therapy were retrospectively analyzed. There were 12 males and 14 females, with an age of 4 (3, 6) years and a weight of 17.6±6.2 kg. The patients were divided into two groups: a high-dose group [15 patients, maintaining dose>10 ng/(kg·min)] and a low-dose group [11 patients, maintaining dose≤ 10 ng/(kg·min)]. The hemodynamics before treprostinil using and during the first 24 hours after reaching the maintaining dose of treprostinil, and postoperative outcomes of the two groups were investigated. Results    The incidence of heterotaxia was higher in the high-dose group (66.7% vs. 18.2%, P=0.021). During the observation period, the mean pulmonary artery pressure decreased from 11.9±3.6 mm Hg to 11.0±3.3 mm Hg in the low-dose group (P=0.013), and from 12.9±4.7 mm Hg to 10.2±3.4 mm Hg in the high-dose group (P=0.001). The decreasing effect in the high-dose group was better than that in the low-dose group (P=0.010). There was no statistical difference in the postoperative outcomes between the two groups (P>0.05). In terms of side effects, patients needed temporarily increased dosage of vasoactive drugs to maintain stable blood pressure during 6-12 h after treprostinil therapy in the high-dose group. Conclusion    In patients after high-risk TCPC, intravenous high-dose treprostinil has a better therapeutic effect on reducing pulmonary artery pressure. However, it should be noted that increased dosage of vasoactive agents may be required to maintain blood pressure stability in patients with high-dose treprostinil.

8.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 1-5, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920363

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the effects of random forest and SARIMA (Seasonal Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average) on predicting incidence rate of brucellosis. Methods Using Brucellosis cases reported in the China Disease Prevention and Control Information System from 2005 to 2017, two models, random forest and SARIMA, were established for training and forecasting, and the forecasting results of the two models were compared. Results The R2 (R Squared) and RMSE (Root Mean Squared Error) of SARIMA model and random forest model are 0.904, 0.034351, 0.927 and 0.03345 respectively. Conclusion Both models have high prediction accuracy and can predict the incidence of brucellosis. Random forest prediction is a little bit better than SARIMA model and has more practical value.

9.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 298-302, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932671

ABSTRACT

The effect of radiotherapy on anti-tumor immunity is bidirectional, immunotherapy, especially the combination of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) and radiotherapy, can produce synergistic effects on anti-tumor immunity. Compared with conventional radiotherapy, stereotactic ablative body radiotherapy (SABR) can achieve high-precision and high-dose irradiation on target lesions, and has stronger anti-tumor immune activation effect. At the same time, due to the steep dose gradient, SABR can better protect the surrounding normal tissues, which is an effective means for the rapid control of local lesions in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). ICIs are an important component of standard treatment for advanced NSCLC. There is growing evidence that SABR in combination with ICIs can benefit patients with advanced NSCLC. This article reviews the biological basis and clinical research progress on the combination of these two therapies, aiming to provide reference for the domestic counterparts to better use this new treatment model.

10.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 309-314, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932603

ABSTRACT

The cold source system of a nuclear power plant, as important part of a nuclear power project, is of great significance to guarantee the safe operation of a nuclear power plant. In recent years, there have been some cases of marine organism blockage at cold source intake at coastal nuclear power plants in China, which has adversely affected the safety and economy of nuclear power plants. According to the research result of cold source safety in coastal nuclear power plants in China and in compliance with the requirements of nuclear safety regulatory control and the engineering practice experience, the causes of, and countermeasures against, marine organism blockage at cold source intake are analyzed to further improve the safety and economy of nuclear power plants.

11.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 684-689, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960465

ABSTRACT

Background Heavy metal pollution in cultivated land will affect crop yield and quality, as well as groundwater quality, ecological security, and human health. Objective To analyze the pollution status of heavy metal elements such as chromium (Cr), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), and lead (Pb) in cultivated soils of the Donghe River Basin in Chenzhou City, and to evaluate the environmental quality of local cultivated soil. Methods A total of 16 samples of cultivated soil from the Donghe River Basin in Chenzhou City were collected, and the contents of Cr, Cu, Zn, As, Cd, and Pb in the samples were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. The Nemerow comprehensive pollution index method (the evaluation indicators included both Nemerow comprehensive pollution index and single pollution index), the geological accumulation index method, and the potential ecological risk index method were used to evaluate the soil environmental quality. Results The average levels of Cr, Cu, Zn, As, Cd, and Pb in the soil samples in the study area were 58.25, 49.50, 273.88, 137.76, 2.92, and 672.29 mg·kg−1, respectively. The average values of Cu, Zn, As, Cd, and Pb were all exceeded the background values of soil elements in Hunan Province. The single pollution indices of As, Cd, Pb, and Zn in soil were 4.40, 9.74, 5.85, and 1.15 respectively. The contamination of As and Pb reached 93.75% and 81.25% respectively. The geological accumulation indices of soil As, Cd, Pb, and Zn were 2.11, 3.71, 2.97, and 0.58, respectively, which showed heavy Cd pollution, moderate As and Pb pollution, and slight Zn pollution. The potential ecological hazard indices of soil Cr, Cu, Zn, As, Pb, and Cd were 1.63, 9.07, 2.90, 87.75, 113.18, and 695.76. 81.Twenty five percent of Cd samples showed heavy pollution and above, and 62.50% of Pb samples had moderate pollution and above. The Nemerow comprehensive pollution index was 7.72, which belonged to heavy pollution; and the comprehensive potential ecological risk index was 910.29, which belonged to high ecological risk. Conclusion There are certain differences in the results of different evaluation methods. The cultivated soils of the Donghe River Basin in Chenzhou City, is seriously polluted by heavy metals, and Cd, As, and Pb are the main polluting elements.

12.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 914-918, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940866

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the status of iodine nutrition and prevalence of goiter among children at ages of 8 to 10 years in Zhejiang Province in 2021, so as to provide insights into the management of iodine deficiency in children.@*Methods @#A total of 90 counties (districts) were sampled as field survey sites from 11 cities of Zhejiang Province using a multi-stage stratified random sampling method in 2021, and non-residential children at ages of 8 to 10 years in these sites were sampled as study subjects. Subjects' household edible salt samples and random urine samples were collected. The iodine content in salt and urinary iodine level were determined using the direct titration method and arsenic-cerium catalytic spectrophotometry for evaluation of iodine nutrition among children. In addition, the lateral lobe of the thyroid gland was measured using ultrasound, and the prevalence of goiter was estimated. @*Results@#A total of 19 363 children were recruited, including 9 710 male children and 9 653 female children, with a male to female ratio of 1.01︰1, and there were 10 704 urban children (55.28%) and 8 659 rural children (44.72%), 9 149 children living in coastal areas (47.25%) and 10 214 children in inland regions (52.75%). The mean iodine content was (19.79±9.25) mg/kg in salt, and the coverage of qualified iodized salt (15 252) was 78.77%. The coverage of qualified iodized salt was significantly lower in urban children than in rural children (76.70% vs. 81.21%; χ2=68.301, P<0.001), and was lower in children living in coastal regions than in inland regions (68.05% vs. 88.27%; χ2=1 270.769, P<0.001). The median urinary iodine concentration was 195.1 μg/L, and the household iodine content in salt correlated positively with urinary iodine concentration in children (rs=0.383, P<0.001). There were 2 885 children with iodine deficiency (14.90%), 7 137 children with adequate iodine (36.86%), 5 414 children with excessive iodine intake (27.96%), and 3 927 children with iodine overdose (20.28%), and the distribution of iodine nutrition in children varied significantly in regions (χ2=283.277, P<0.001) and gender (χ2=126.349, P<0.001). The prevalence of goiter was 2.45% among 7 195 children receiving ultrasound examinations, and a higher prevalence rate of goiter was detected in urban children than in rural children (2.76% vs. 2.00%; χ2=3.962, P=0.047). @*Conclusions @#The overall urinary iodine nutrition was adequate among children at ages of 8 to 10 years in Zhejiang Province in 2021, and the prevalence of goiter in children fell within the threshold defined in the criteria of elimination of iodine deficiency. However, the supervision of the iodized salt quality remains to be improved and iodine deficiency control remains to be reinforced.

13.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 902-905, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940864

ABSTRACT

Abstract:@#With the increasing rise in antidepressant consumption, more and more antidepressants and their metabolic products enter into water and soil environments. This will cause toxicity to animals living in these environments, and antidepressants may be transferred to humans via food chain, leading to human health risks. Based on national and international publications pertaining to environmental pollution and toxic effects of antidepressants during the period between 2005 and 2021, this review summarizes the biological accumulation, acute toxicity, reproductive and developmental toxicity, metabolic effects and biological behavior changes of antidepressants, so as to provide insights into the elucidation of the impact of antidepressants on human health risks.

14.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 799-802, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936798

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#Bisphenols (BPs), which are mainly used in the production of polycarbonates and epoxy resins, are common endocrine disruptors (EDCs) in natural environments. Human mainly exposes to BPs via ingestion and skin. Previous studies have deteted BPs in human urine, serum, and milk samples, and children and pregnant women have a high level of exposure to to BPs. Based on international and national publications pertaining to BPs since 2009, this review describes the exposure to BPs in human urine, serum, and milk and summarizes neuroendocrine dysfunctions, oxidative stress injury and epigenetics changes caused by BPs, so as to provide insights into reducing the exposure to and health risk of BPs.

15.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 400-405, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956441

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the epidemiological and clinical features of patients with visceral leishmaniasis (VL), and to improve the understanding of the disease and standardize the diagnosis and treatment.Methods:The clinical data and diagnosis and treatment process of 62 patients with VL admitted to The First Hospital of Lanzhou University from January 2010 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The clinical symptoms and laboratory data, including aspartate aminotransferase (AST), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and procalcitonin (PCT) were compared between children and adults. Chi-square test was used for statistical analysis.Results:Of the 62 patients, 31(50.0%) patients were males, 38(61.3%) patients were children and 24(38.7%) were adults. There were 32 cases (51.6%) living in Longnan City, and 11 cases (17.7%) living in Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture. Forty-seven cases (75.8%) had a delay over 30 days from onset to diagnosis. All patients had fever and chills, 34 cases (54.8%) had fatigue and poor appetite, 30(48.4%) had cough and expectoration, 10 cases (16.1%) had headache and dizziness, 45 cases (72.6%) had splenomegaly, 40 cases (64.5%) had anemia, and 29 cases (46.8%) had hepatomegaly. There were 32 cases (51.6%) accompanied with respiratory infection, 11 cases (17.7%) accompanied with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis and 10 cases (16.1%) accompanied with abnormal liver function. Of the 60 patients who received treatment, 14 were recurrent cases who had received at least one course of pentavalent antimony monotherapy before admission. Forty-six patients received standard antimony monotherapy, 14 patients received standard antimony combined with amphotericin B therapy. Thirteen patients discontinued amphotericin B due to impaired renal function, and 50 patients were followed up for half a year without recurrence. The proportions of splenomegaly and hepatomegaly in children were 86.8%(33/38) and 65.8%(25/38), respectively, and the corresponding numbers in adults were 50.0%(12/24) and 16.7%(4/24), respectively. The differences were statistically significant ( χ2=10.03 and 14.26, respectively, both P<0.050). Thirty-three cases (86.8%) in children and 14 cases (58.3%) in adults had a delay over 30 days from onset to diagnosis. The difference was statistically significant ( χ2=6.52, P=0.011). The proportions of patients who had elevated AST, LDH and PCT were 76.3%(29/38), 94.3%(33/35) and 73.9%(17/23) in children, respectively, while 45.8%(11/24), 71.4%(15/21) and 5/17 in adults, respectively, and the differences were all statistically significant ( χ2=5.97, 3.89 and 7.82, respectively, all P<0.050). Conclusions:Patients with VL are tend to have complications and be severe. Early diagnosis and standardized treatment are important measures to improve the prognosis. Patients who have failed antimony treatment can be treated with amphotericin B or combination therapy, but kidney injury and other adverse reactions should be closely monitored.

16.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 317-320, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879576

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the value of non-invasive prenatal testing based on cfDNA barcode-enabled single-molecule test (cfBEST) for the prenatal diagnosis of oculocutaneous albinism type I in a family.@*METHODS@#Prenatal genetic diagnosis was carried out by using the cfBEST-based method as well as invasive prenatal diagnosis through amniocentesis. The outcome of the pregnancy was followed up.@*RESULTS@#Non-invasive prenatal testing based on cfBEST showed a fetal DNA concentration of 6.6%, with the proportion of c.929_930insC (p.Arg311Lysfs*7) and c.1037-7T>A mutations being 45.7% and 0%, respectively. The posterior frequency of the negative results was 1, suggesting that the fetus carried neither of the two mutations. The result was consistent with that of invasive prenatal diagnosis, and the follow-up found that the fetus was normal.@*CONCLUSION@#Non-invasive prenatal testing based on cfBEST can be used to detect maternal and fetal genotypes in maternal cell-free DNA, which is clinically feasible.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Albinism , Albinism, Oculocutaneous/genetics , Amniocentesis , Cell-Free Nucleic Acids , Prenatal Diagnosis
17.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 942-948, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910496

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the genes and molecular markers related to the sensitivity to concurrent chemoradiotherapy in patients with locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.Methods:The peripheral blood sample of 31 patients with locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma receiving radical concurrent chemoradiotherapy was collected and the plasma circulating free DNA (cf-DNA) was extracted before treatment. The target gene capture sequencing technology based on NovaseQ6000 high-throughput sequencing platform was employed to detect the changes of target genes and tumor mutation burden (TMB). According to the short-term efficacy of chemoradiotherapy, all patients were divided into the chemoradiotherapy-sensitive group (CR+ PR) and chemoradiotherapy-resistant group (SD+ PD). Bioinformatics and clinical data were adopted to analyze the differences of gene mutation and TMB between two groups.Results:In the sequencing data of 31 patients, the tumor-related genes with a mutation frequency above 10% were Tp53, Notch1, BRAF, FGFR4, CDKN2A, ATRX and Axin2, which were almost equally distributed between the CR+ PR and SD+ PD groups. High-frequency mutant genes were associated with 7 signaling pathways, mainly involved in the RTK/RAS signaling pathways. The TMB value in the CR+ PR group was higher than that in the SD+ PD group ( P=0.04), however, the mutation rate of GXYLT1 and KRT18 genes in the SD+ PD group was higher than that in the CR+ PR group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Tp53, Notch1 and CDKN2A may be the high-frequency mutant genes associated with the incidence and progression of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. KRT18, GXYLT1 and TMB are closely correlated with the sensitivity to concurrent chemoradiotherapy of patients with locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.

18.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 670-673, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909075

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of amphotericin B or its liposomes combined with antimony sodium gluconate (antimonial) in the treatment of refractory Kala-azar.Methods:Four patients with Kala-azar who relapsed or were resistant to antimony after treatment were admitted to the First Hospital of Lanzhou University. The clinical medical records were retrospectively analyzed, including the general information (gender, age, etc), diagnosis and treatment process, clinical manifestations, treatment methods and treatment effect.Results:The clinical symptoms of four patients were relieved after treatment with amphotericin B or its liposomes combined with antimonial. Reexamination of bone marrow smear showed no Leishman-Donovan body. There was no recurrence after six months of follow-up.Conclusion:Amphotericin B or its liposomes combined with antimonial can be used in the treatment of refractory Kala-azar.

19.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 715-718, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908664

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the application value of flexible endoscopic examination of swallowing(FEES) for the aspiration screening, the diagnosis of dysphagia and evaluation of the therapeutic effectin acute stroke patients with dysphagia.Methods:Three hundred and seventy-three patients with acute stroke who hospitalized from October 2015 to January 2020 in Dalian Municipal Central Hospital Affiliated of Dalian Medical University and underwent FEES for analyzing the characteristic performance were enrolled, and 11 cases of them were examined by video fluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS). The results of the reliability of diagnosis dysphagia of the two methods were compared. The results of FEES for assessing the recovery effect after treatment were evaluated.Results:In 373 patients, the FEES revealed 268 cases(71.85%) of aspiration (99 cases) were recessive aspiration, which was better than that in water swallow test (50.94%, 190/373). Patients with potential cricopharyngeus achalasia got the same results through both of VFSS and FEES. FEES could provide more positive indicators and guide clinical rehabilitation treatment and objective assessment of rehabilitation effectiveness.Conclusions:Acute stroke patients with dysphagia have characteristic laryngeal performance. FEES is simple to operate and has high application value.

20.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1461-1465, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906596

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore the hemodynamic effects of inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) on postoperative hemodynamic in patients with cyanotic congenital heart disease (CHD) combined with decreased pulmonary blood flow. Methods    From 2014 to 2018, there were 1 764 patients who received corrective repair of cyanotic CHD with decreased pulmonary blood flow in the Department of Pediatric Cardiac Surgery of Fuwai Hospital. We included 61 patients with the ratio of right ventricular systolic pressure to systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥75% after weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass. There were 41 males and 20 females, with the age of 20.5 (9.0, 39.0) months and weight of 12.5±7.8 kg. The patients were divided into two groups: a conventional group (33 patients, conventional therapy only) and a combined therapy group (28 patients, iNO combined with conventional therapy). The hemodynamics during the first 24 hours after iNO therapy and the in-hospital outcomes of the two groups were investigated and compared. Results    There was no statistical difference between the two groups in demographic characteristics and surgical parameters (P>0.05). The hemodynamic effects of iNO within 24 hours included the decrease in the vasoactive inotropic score (VIS, 21.6±6.6 vs. 17.3±7.2, P=0.020) along with the increase in blood pressure (SBP: 73.7±9.7 mm Hg vs. 90.8±9.1 mm Hg, P<0.001) , the decrease in central venous pressure (10.0±3.1 mm Hg vs. 7.9±2.1 mm Hg, P=0.020), the decrease in lactate (2.2±1.7 mmol/L vs. 1.2± 0.5 mmol/L, P<0.001) and increase in urine output [2.8±1.7 mL/(kg·h) vs. 4.9±2.2 mL/(kg·h), P<0.001]. The decrease of VIS at 24 h after the surgery in the conventional therapy group was not statistically significant (22.1±7.9 vs. 20.0±8.5, P=0.232). Besides, we discovered that the need for renal replacement therapy (RRT) was less in the combined therapy group than that in the conventional therapy group, especially in the moderate complicated surgery [risk adjustment in congenital heart surgery (RACHS-1) ≤3] subgroup (9.5% vs. 40.7%, P=0.016). Conclusion    In pediatric patients after corrective repair of cyanotic and pulmonary blood follow decreased CHD with increased pulmonary vascular resistance, iNO combined with conventional therapy can improve the hemodynamics effectively. Compared with the conventional therapy, the combined therapy with iNO can decrease the VIS and the need for RRT, which is beneficial to the postoperative recovery of patients.

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