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1.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 177-187, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014555

ABSTRACT

GPCRs are the largest membrane protein receptor superfamily in the human body, with more than 800 isoforms, and approximately 35% of Food and Drug Administration-approved and marketed drugs currently target GPCRs for the treatment of a wide range of diseases, for heart failure (beta-adrenergic receptors), peptic ulcer (histamine receptors), prostate cancer (gonadotropin receptors), hypertension (adrenergic and angiotensin receptors), pain (opioid receptors), and bronchial asthma (beta2-adrenergic receptors) examples. Although the number of GPCRs is enormous, the signaling proteins downstream of them are limited, heterotrimeric G proteins (GPs) are key proteins that signal GPCRs, translate extracellular stimuli into intracellular responses by coupling to GPCRs and initiate multiple signaling events via downstream cascades. Podocytes are an important component of the glomerular filtration barrier, and their damage is a central event in proteinuria formation and progressive glomerulosclerosis. This article reviews the regulation of GPs, their signaling and their role in podocyte injury to provide a theoretical basis for scientific research and clinical treatment of this disease.

2.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 24-34, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006505

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To construct a radiomics model for identifying clinical high-risk carotid plaques. Methods     A retrospective analysis was conducted on patients with carotid artery stenosis in China-Japan Friendship Hospital from December 2016 to June 2022. The patients were classified as a clinical high-risk carotid plaque group and a clinical low-risk carotid plaque group according to the occurrence of stroke, transient ischemic attack and other cerebrovascular clinical symptoms within six months. Six machine learning models including eXtreme Gradient Boosting, support vector machine, Gaussian Naive Bayesian, logical regression, K-nearest neighbors and artificial neural network were established. We also constructed a joint predictive model combined with logistic regression analysis of clinical risk factors. Results    Finally 652 patients were collected, including 427 males and 225 females, with an average age of 68.2 years. The results showed that the prediction ability of eXtreme Gradient Boosting was the best among the six machine learning models, and the area under the curve (AUC) in validation dataset was 0.751. At the same time, the AUC of eXtreme Gradient Boosting joint prediction model established by clinical data and carotid artery imaging data validation dataset was 0.823. Conclusion     Radiomics features combined with clinical feature model can effectively identify clinical high-risk carotid plaques.

3.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1669-1682, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010644

ABSTRACT

The amygdala is an important hub for regulating emotions and is involved in the pathophysiology of many mental diseases, such as depression and anxiety. Meanwhile, the endocannabinoid system plays a crucial role in regulating emotions and mainly functions through the cannabinoid type-1 receptor (CB1R), which is strongly expressed in the amygdala of non-human primates (NHPs). However, it remains largely unknown how the CB1Rs in the amygdala of NHPs regulate mental diseases. Here, we investigated the role of CB1R by knocking down the cannabinoid receptor 1 (CNR1) gene encoding CB1R in the amygdala of adult marmosets through regional delivery of AAV-SaCas9-gRNA. We found that CB1R knockdown in the amygdala induced anxiety-like behaviors, including disrupted night sleep, agitated psychomotor activity in new environments, and reduced social desire. Moreover, marmosets with CB1R-knockdown had up-regulated plasma cortisol levels. These results indicate that the knockdown of CB1Rs in the amygdala induces anxiety-like behaviors in marmosets, and this may be the mechanism underlying the regulation of anxiety by CB1Rs in the amygdala of NHPs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Callithrix , Receptors, Cannabinoid , Anxiety , Amygdala , Cannabinoids , Phenotype
4.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3814-3826, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007995

ABSTRACT

Xanthocillin is a unique natural product with an isonitrile group and shows remarkable antibacterial activity. In this study, the genome of an endophytic fungus Penicillium chrysogenum MT-40 isolated from Huperzia serrata was sequenced, and the gene clusters with the potential to synthesize xanthocillin analogues were mined by local BLAST and various bioinformatics analysis tools. As a result, a biosynthetic gene cluster (named for) responsible for the biosynthesis of xanthocillin analogues was identified by further heterologous expression of the key genes in Aspergillus oryzae NSAR1. Specifically, the ForB catalyzes the synthesis of 2-formamido-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl) acrylic acid, and the ForG catalyzes the dimerization of 2-formamido-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl) acrylic acid to produce the xanthocillin analogue N, N'-(1, 4-bis (4-hydroxyphenyl) buta-1, 3-diene-2, 3-diyl) diformamide. The results reported here provide a reference for further discovery of xanthocillin analogues from fungi.


Subject(s)
Penicillium chrysogenum/genetics , Huperzia/microbiology , Acrylates , Multigene Family
5.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1452-1457, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997054

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To identify the preoperative risk factors for prolonged mechanical ventilation (PMV) after pulmonary thromboendarterectomy (PTE). Methods    The clinical data of patients who underwent PTE from December 2016 to August 2021 in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into two groups according to the postoperative mechanical ventilation time, including a postoperative mechanical ventilation time≤48 h group (≤48 h group) and a postoperative mechanical ventilation time>48 h (PMV) group (>48 h group). Univariable and logistic regression analysis were used to identify the preoperative risk factors for postoperative PMV. Results    Totally, 90 patients were enrolled in this study. There were 40 patients in the ≤48 h group, including 30 males and 10 females, with a mean age of 45.48±12.72 years, and there were 50 patients in the >48 h group, including 29 males and 21 females, with a mean age of 55.50±10.42 years. The results showed that in the ≤48 h group, the median postoperative ICU stay was 3.0 days, and the median postoperative hospital stay was 15.0 days; in the >48 h group, the median postoperative ICU stay was 7.0 days, and the median postoperative hospital stay was 20.0 days. The postoperative PMV was significantly correlated with tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) [OR=0.839, 95%CI (0.716, 0.983), P=0.030], age [OR=1.082, 95%CI (1.034, 1.132), P=0.001] and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) [OR=1.001, 95%CI (1.000, 1.003), P=0.028]. Conclusion    Age and PVR are the preoperative risk factors for PMV after PTE, and TAPSE is the preoperative protective factor for PMV after PTE.

6.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 304-309, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994408

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and effectiveness of Neuroform Atlas stent-assisted coiling in the endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms.Methods:This was a retrospective, single-center observational study of 77 patients who underwent endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms using the Neuroform Atlas device at the Department of Neurology, People′s Liberation Army General Hospital from July 2020 to May 2022. There were 34 males and 43 females, with a median (range) age of 59 (23-81) years. The degree and effect of aneurysm embolization were evaluated by modified Raymond grading post procedure and after 6 months. Complications occurring during the perioperative period were recorded. Vaso computed tomography was performed immediately after the operation to assess stent opening and adherence. Digital subtraction angiography was performed 6 months after discharge and the aneurysm was classified as cured, stable, or recurrent.Results:A total of 87 Atlases were successfully released in 77 cases. Angiography performed immediately after the embolization revealed 19 (24.7%) modified Raymond grade Ⅰ, 10 (13.0%) grade Ⅱ, and 48 (62.3%) grade Ⅲa cases. Three perioperative complications were observed including thrombotic events in 2 cases and stent migration in 1 case. A follow-up angiogram was available for 47 aneurysms, and showed that modified Raymond grade Ⅰ occlusion was achieved in 38 (80.9%) cases, grade Ⅱ in 2 (4.3%) cases, and grade Ⅲa in 7 (14.9%) cases. At the 6-month follow-up, 38 patients were cured and 7 were stable, whereas 2 patients experienced a recurrence of aneurysm. Stenosis of the parent artery occurred in 3 (6.4%) cases, including 2 at the head and 1 inside the stent.Conclusions:The results of this preliminary study suggest that Neuroform Atlas stent-assisted coiling has a high occlusion rate and low incidence of complications in the endovascular treatment of aneurysms. However, the effectiveness of this procedure for large aneurysms and long-term outcomes require further investigation.

7.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 161-167, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993068

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effects on DNA strand break induced by ultra-high dose rate (FLASH) electron beam and conventional irradiation, and investigate whether FLASH effect was correlated with a reduction of radiation response.Methods:Aqueous pBR322 plasmid was treated with FLASH (125 Gy/s) and conventional irradiation (0.05 Gy/s) under physioxia (4% O 2) and normoxia (21% O 2). Open circle DNA and linear DNA were detected by agarose gel electrophoresis, and the plasmid DNA damage was quantified with an established mathematical model to calculate the relative biological effect (RBE) of DNA damage. In some experiments, Samwirin A (SW) was applied to scavenge free radicals generated by ionizing radiation. Results:Under physioxia, the yields of DNA strand breakage induced by both FLASH and conventional irradiation had a dose-dependent manner. FLASH irradiation could significantly decrease radiation-induced linear DNA compared with conventional irradiation ( t=5.28, 5.79, 7.01, 7.66, P<0.05). However, when the aqueous plasmid was pretreated with SW, there was no difference of DNA strand breakage between FLASH and conventional irradiation ( P>0.05). Both of the yields of open circle DNA and linear DNA had no difference caused by FLASH and conventional radiotherapy at normoxia, but were significantly higher than those under physioxia. In addition, the yields of linear DNA and open circle DNA induced by FLASH irradiation per Gy were (2.78±0.03) and (1.85±0.17) times higher than those of conventional irradiation, respectively. Conclusions:FLASH irradiation attenuated radiation-induced DNA damage since a low production yield of free radical in comparison with conventional irradiation, and hence the FLASH effect was correlated with oxygen content.

8.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 87-93, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993056

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prognostic value of metabolic parameters of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose ( 18F-FDG) positron emission computed tomography/computed tomography(PET/CT) in advanced non-small cell lung cancer(NSCLC) treated with first-line immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) combined with chemotherapy. Methods:A retrospective study was conducted to evaluate patients with advanced NSCLC who underwent baseline PET/CT before treatment at the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University from 2019 to 2021. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to determine the cut-offs for metabolic parameters of PET/CT, including total metabolic tumor volume (TMTV), total lesion glycolysis (TLG), and maximum standard uptake value (SUV max). Kaplan-Meier method, Log-rank test, and Cox regression model were used to calculate the overall survival (OS) and the progression-free survival(PFS). Results:A total of 44 patients were enrolled. Univariate analysis showed that the factors influencing PFS were TMTV and the number of metastatic sites ( χ2=4.19, 11.28, P<0.05) and the factors influencing OS were TMTV and TLG ( χ2=14.96, 6.05, P<0.05). Multivariate analysis suggested that number of metastatic sites was an independent prognostic marker for PFS ( P=0.011) and TMTV was an independent prognostic marker for OS ( P=0.038). Conclusions:TMTV is a prognostic indicator of OS while the number of metastatic sites is a prognostic indicator of PFS in advanced NSCLC patients who received first-line ICI combined with chemotherapy, but further prospective studies are needed.

9.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 427-434, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992619

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy of percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) in the treatment of osteoporotic lumbar compression fracture (OLCF) via the approach through midpoint transverse process-transition zone of articular process and the unilateral transpedicular approach.Methods:A prospective cohort study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 794 patients with OLCF treated in Honghui Hospital affiliated to Xi′an Jiaotong University School of Medicine from January 2017 to December 2019. The patients were divided into transitional-zone puncture group (400 patients, 400 vertebrae) and pedicle puncture group (394 patients, 394 vertebrae) according to the envelope method. The transitional-zone puncture group was treated with PVP via the approach through midpoint transverse process-transition zone of articular process, and the pedicle puncture group was treated with PVP via the unilateral transpedicular approach. The operation time and radiation dose were documented. The visual analogue score (VAS) and Oswestry dysfunction index (ODI) were evaluated before operation and at 1 day, 3 months, 1 year after operation. The cement distribution and the incidence of complications such as cement leakage, re-fracture of the injured vertebra, spinal cord nerve injury and facet joint injury were detected.Results:The patients were composed of 270 males and 524 females, at the age of 68.9-78.5 years [(73.7±4.8)years]. All patients were followed up for 12-14 months [(13.4±0.8)months]. The operation time and radiation dose in transitional-zone puncture group were reduced compared with pedicle puncture group ( P<0.01). There was no significant difference in VAS and ODI between the two groups before operation (all P>0.05). The VAS between transitional-zone puncture group [(2.1±0.9)points, (2.3±1.1)points, (2.7±1.3)points] and pedicle puncture group [(2.3±0.7)points, (2.5±0.9)points, (2.9±1.1)points] was obviously reduced from that before operation (all P<0.01), significantly different at 1 day, 3 months, 1 year after operation ( P<0.05 or 0.01). The ODI between transitional-zone puncture group (14.3±1.8, 13.6±3.4, 11.3±4.4) and pedicle puncture group (25.5±5.7, 20.7±6.3, 20.6±6.9) was significantly different at 1 day, 3 months, 1 year after operation (all P<0.01), and all were obviously reduced from that before operation (all P<0.01). With regard to the cement distribution, the number of bilaterally cemented vertebrae in transitional-zone puncture group (324) was more than that in pedicle puncture group (94) ( P<0.01). The incidence of cement leakage, re-fracture of the injured vertebra and facet joint injury was 8.25%(22/400), 0.00%(0/400) and 3.25%(13/400) in transitional-zone puncture group, significantly different from 20.81%(82/394), 2.03%(8/394) and 9.90%(39/394) in pedicle puncture group ( P<0.05 or 0.01). There was no significant difference in spinal cord nerve injury between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:For OLCF, PVP via the approach through the midpoint transverse process-transition zone of articular process and the unilateral transpedicular approach are both effective, but the former has advantages of shorter operation time, smaller radiation dose, greater dispersion of bone cement and lower incidence of cement leakage, re-fracture of the injured vertebra and facet joint injury.

10.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 51-55, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991577

ABSTRACT

Objective:To learn about the current situation of prevention and control results of three-year campaign for Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) in Pingliang City, and to provide scientific basis for prevention and control of KBD.Methods:A retrospective analysis was carried out to collect the KBD surveillance data of all villages in the counties (cities, districts) affected by KBD in Pingliang City, Gansu Province during 2019 - 2020 from the "National Integrated Management System for Endemic Disease Prevention and Control (Three-year Campaign Action Management System)", including, the prevalence of children aged 7 to 12 years old, the implementation of prevention and control measures, and the case investigation, the establishment, management of health files and treatment of current patients.Results:Patients with KBD were distributed in 6 counties (cities, districts), 64 townships (towns), and 690 villages in Pingliang City, and all of them were seriously ill area. In 2019 and 2020, 40 537 and 41 053 children aged 7 to 12 years old were examined, respectively, and the clinical detection rate was 0.08% (31/40 537) and 0.03% (12/41 053), respectively; the X-ray detection rate was 0 in each year. In the dietary structure of residents in Pingliang City from 2018 to 2020, the consumption proportions of rice, flour and other diets was 15.03%, 76.63% and 8.34%, respectively, and the purchase proportion of staple food was 19.28%. From 2018 - 2020, 9 564 households and 36 282 people had been relocated from the affected areas, 4 831 children aged 7 to 12 years old had been raised in different places, 14.81% (420 914/2 842 939) of the original cultivated land had been converted to cash crops, 21.81%(620 045/2 842 939) of the original cultivated land had been converted from farmland to forest (grass), and 231 811 nutrition package for children aged 6 to 24 months had been given. A total of 6 269 KBD patients were investigated and registered, including 3 722 males and 2 547 females, with a gender ratio of 1.00 ∶ 0.68. The most clinical grading was grade Ⅰ, accounting for 78.00% (4 890/6 269), followed by grade Ⅱ (15.89%, 996/6 269) and grade Ⅲ (6.11%, 383/6 269); the age of onset was (64.57 ± 10.01) years old, ranging from 16 to 87 years old; most patients were over 50 years old, accounting for 86.57% (5 427/6 269). In 2019, 1 659 KBD patients were treated. The apparent efficiency, effective efficiency and ineffective efficiency were 25.38% (421 cases), 52.92% (878 cases) and 21.70% (360 cases), respectively. In 2020, 1 395 KBD patients were treated; the apparent efficiency, effective efficiency and ineffective efficiency were 19.50% (272 cases), 61.65% (860 cases) and 18.85% (263 cases), respectively.Conclusions:All villages in KBD area in Pingliang City have reached the elimination standard and achieved the elimination goal. We should continue to do a good job in the dynamic monitoring of the disease, strengthen the implementation of prevention and control measures and rehabilitation intervention for patients with KBD, and improve the quality of life of patients.

11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 974-985, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980853

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Progressive lipid loss of adipose tissue is a major feature of cancer-associated cachexia. In addition to systemic immune/inflammatory effects in response to tumor progression, tumor-secreted cachectic ligands also play essential roles in tumor-induced lipid loss. However, the mechanisms of tumor-adipose tissue interaction in lipid homeostasis are not fully understood.@*METHODS@#The yki -gut tumors were induced in fruit flies. Lipid metabolic assays were performed to investigate the lipolysis level of different types of insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) treated cells. Immunoblotting was used to display phenotypes of tumor cells and adipocytes. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) analysis was carried out to examine the gene expression levels such as Acc1 , Acly , and Fasn et al .@*RESULTS@#In this study, it was revealed that tumor-derived IGFBP-3 was an important ligand directly causing lipid loss in matured adipocytes. IGFBP-3, which is highly expressed in cachectic tumor cells, antagonized insulin/IGF-like signaling (IIS) and impaired the balance between lipolysis and lipogenesis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Conditioned medium from cachectic tumor cells, such as Capan-1 and C26 cells, contained excessive IGFBP-3 that potently induced lipolysis in adipocytes. Notably, neutralization of IGFBP-3 by neutralizing antibody in the conditioned medium of cachectic tumor cells significantly alleviated the lipolytic effect and restored lipid storage in adipocytes. Furthermore, cachectic tumor cells were resistant to IGFBP-3 inhibition of IIS, ensuring their escape from IGFBP-3-associated growth suppression. Finally, cachectic tumor-derived ImpL2, the IGFBP-3 homolog, also impaired lipid homeostasis of host cells in an established cancer-cachexia model in Drosophila . Most importantly, IGFBP-3 was highly expressed in cancer tissues in pancreatic and colorectal cancer patients, especially higher in the sera of cachectic cancer patients than non-cachexia cancer patients.@*CONCLUSION@#Our study demonstrates that tumor-derived IGFBP-3 plays a critical role in cachexia-associated lipid loss and could be a biomarker for diagnosis of cachexia in cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 3/metabolism , Culture Media, Conditioned/pharmacology , Cachexia/pathology , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms , Somatomedins/metabolism , Insulins/metabolism , Lipids
12.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 713-719, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006666

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To compare the clinical effects and screw placement accuracy for treating lumbar disc herniation between robot-assisted minimal invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (RA-MIS-TLIF) and minimal invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF). 【Methods】 We retrospectively recruited 69 patients with single segment lumbar disc herniation treated between January 2018 and August 2019 at Honghui Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University. There were cases of 33 RA-MIS-TLIF (RA group) and 36 MIS-TLIF (MIS-TLIF group). Subsequently, the patients’ baseline characteristics were collected, including age, gender, body mass index, complication with diabetes, duration of symptoms, operated segment, and follow-up time. We also collected perioperative parameters such as operation time, intraoperative blood loss, intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency, screw placement accuracy, wound drainage, hospitalization duration, postoperative complicatins, and fusion rate. Lower back pain, lower extremity pain visual analogue score (VAS), and lumbar Japanese Orthopaedic Association Scores (JOA) were obtained preoperatively, postoperative 3 days/6 months/12 months, and the last follow-up. 【Results】 All the procedures were successfully completed and the follow-up time was 14.82±1.83 (RA group) and 15.11±1.62 (MIS-TLIF group) months, without significant difference (P>0.05). Compared with MIS-TLIF group, RA group had less intraoperative blood loss [(116.67±18.48) min vs. (128.06±22.53) min], fluoroscopy frequency [(12.42±2.28) vs. (15.67±2.46)], screw placement accuracy (93.18% vs. 84.03%), postoperative drainage [(73.03±23.52) mL vs. (88.33±28.54) mL], and shorter hospitalization stay [(6.45±1.52)d vs. (7.69±1.85) d] (all P0.05). The VAS of lower back pain and lower extremity pain, and lumbar JOA were significantly improved after the operation (P0.05). Meanwhile, fusion rate and incidence of complications did not significantly differ between the two groups (P>0.05). 【Conclusion】 Both robot-assisted MIS-TLIF and MIS-TLIF can achieve excellent clinical effects in treating single-segment lumbar disc herniation. However, the former can improve the accuracy of screw placement and reduce intraoperative blood loss, fluoroscopy frequency, postoperative drainage and hospitalization time, which indicates a promising application.

13.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 603-610, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994611

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the epidemiological characteristics, risk factors, preventions and treatments of recent human parvovirus B19 (HPV-B19) infections in recipients of renal transplantation (RT).Methods:From May 2020 to June 2021, retrospective review was conducted for epidemiological characteristics, treatment protocols, preventions and outcomes of HPV-B19 infected recipients after RT.Risk factors were analyzed using uninfected recipients after RT in the same period as controls.And 78 recipients who were not infected after RT with similar operation time were used as a control group for risk factor analysis.The infection rates of the four liver transplant recipients infected with HPV-B19 during the same period were calculated and compared with those of the kidney transplant recipients.Chi-square test and Fisher's exact test were used for statistical analysis.Results:During the observation period, HPV-B19 infection occurred in 39/368 recipients after RT with an overall infection rate of 10.60%(39/368). In terms of clinical symptoms, all 39 recipients presented with pure red cell aplasia (PRCA). In terms of season of infection, HPV-B19 infections occurred predominantly in autumn and winter [74.3% (29/39) of infections in autumn and winter, including 48.7% (19/39) in autumn]. Comparing the infection rates of different transplant recipients, 4 out of 123 liver transplant recipients were infected with HPV-B19 during the same period.The rate of infection was lower in liver transplant recipients than in RT counterparts (3.25% vs.10.60%, χ2=6.225, P=0.013). Analysis of OR values showed that transfusion of blood products was a risk factor for recent postoperative infection ( χ2=4.806, P=0.028, OR=2.418, 95% CI=1.088-5.373). Conclusions:HPV-B19 infection in renal transplant patients is mainly manifested as PRCA and is more likely than in liver transplant patients.Autumn and winter may be susceptible seasons for HPV-B19 and protection should be increased to prevent infection.Transfusion of blood products is a risk factor for recent HPV-B19 infection after RT, therefore donors should be routinely examined and it is imperative to test the safety of blood products in patients after RT.Thus HPV-B19 infection is well-controlled so that further spread may be prevented to avoid an epidemic outbreak.

14.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 448-452, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986537

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the clinicopathological characteristics of cervical cancer patients with lymphatic metastasis, to evaluate lymph node metastasis in cervical cancer patients by combining pelvic MRI enlarged lymph nodes and SCC-Ag, and to analyze the prognostic value of the model. Methods We retrospectively analyzed the data of 124 patients with cervical cancer. The predictive model was established based on the result. Results The depth of interstitial infiltration, serum SCC-Ag change value before and after treatment, lymph node enlargement showed by pelvic MRI, D2-40 and Ki67 were independent risk factors for lymph node metastasis of cervical cancer (P < 0.05). The prediction model of lymph node metastasis: L=the serum SCC-Ag change value+7.127×lymph node enlargement showed by pelvic MRI+5.386×D2-40+5.135×the depth of interstitial infiltration+19.457×Ki67; the sensitivity was 78.6% and specificity was 79.2%. Conclusion The cervical cancer patients with L≥20.8261 should be noticed. Doctors should give them individualized neoadjuvant treatment, and ensure adequate surgical scope. The above lymphatic prediction model has predictive value for preoperative lymph node metastasis.

15.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 596-603, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958343

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct enhanced computed tomography (CT)-based nomograph model, to assist physicians in differentiating gastric schwannoma from gastric stromal tumor.Methods:From January 1, 2012 to January 1, 2022, at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine and Ningbo Hwamei Hospital, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 57 patients with gastric schwannoma and 275 patients with gastric stromal tumor confirmed by surgical pathology were retrospectively collected, among whom 39 patients with gastric schwannoma and 201 patients with gastric stromal tumor were enrolled in the training set, and the other 18 patients with gastric schwannoma and 74 patients with gastric stromal tumor were enrolled in the validation set. The contrast-enhanced CT imaging features (tumor size index, arterial phase CT value, venous phase CT value, necrosis, calcification, integrity of mucosal surface, and uniform enhancement, etc.) and clinical data (history of gastritis, carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9), carcinoembryonic antigen, and monocyte to lymphocyte ratio (MLR), etc.) were collected. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression analysis was used to screen the independent predictive factors of imaging features in the differential diagnosis of gastric schwannoma and gastric stromal tumor, and a nomograph model was constracted. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze and screen the independent predictive factors of clinical indicators to distinguish gastric schwannoma from gastric stromal tumor, and a clinical control model was established. The receiver operating characteristic curve(ROC) was used to analyze the area under the curve (AUC) of the nomograph model in the training set and the verification set, and concordance index (CI) and decision curve analysis (DCA) were used to evaluate the predictive efficiency and clinical application value of the nomograph model. DeLong test was used for statistical analysis.Results:The results of LASSO regression analysis showed that tumor size index, arterial phase CT value, venous phase CT value, necrosis, calcification, integrity of mucosal surface, and uniform enhancement were independent predictive factors of imaging features in the differential diagnosis of gastric schwannoma and gastric stromal tumor(all P<0.05). The results of logistic regression analysis indicated that the history of gastritis ( OR=0.280, 95% confidence interval 0.138 to 0.566), CA19-9 ( OR=0.940, 95% confidence interval 0.890 to 0.993), carcinoembryonic antigen ( OR=0.794, 95% confidence interval 0.661 to 0.952), and MLR ( OR=0.087, 95% confidence interval 0.009 to 0.860) were independent predictive factors of clinical indicators in the differential diagnosis of gastric schwannoma and gastric stromal tumor ( P<0.001, =0.028, 0.013 and 0.037). The AUCs of the nomograph model in the training and validation set were 0.881 and 0.850, respectively, and the AUCs of the clinical control model in the training and validation set were 0.814 and 0.772, respectively, and the differences were statistically significant ( Z=2.57 and 1.96, P=0.005 and 0.030). The average CI of the nomograph model was 0.885. The results of DCA analysis showed that the overall benefit of the nomograph model was higher than that of the clinical control model. Conclusion:The enhanced CT-based nomograph model can effectively distinguish gastric schwannoma from gastric stromal tumor, and can help physicians to make precise clinical decisions.

16.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 597-601, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957819

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the causes of postoperative stricture of biliary-enteric anastomotic for congenital choledochal cysts.Methods:These 28 patients underwent salvage operation on an average 15 years (0.2-25 years) after initial surgeries at the Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Hunan Provincial People's Hospital from Jan 2014 to Jun 2018.Results:In 26 patients the biliary-enteric anastomotic stenosis was benign, and in 2 the stricture was caused by cancerration. In 26 cases the Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy was redone,among them 8 cases underwent concurrent hepatectomy for a better exposure of the intrahepatic bile duct. In 2 cases the anastomotic stenosis was found to be caused by canceration with extensive intraabdominal metastasis ,an external drainage was adopted. There were no inhospital deaths, and no serious complications. The postoperative follow-up time was 6-67 months. Two cancerated patients died within half a year, and the remaining patients had no long-term complications.Conclusions:Biliary-enteric anastomotic stenosis is one of the serious complications in postoperative patients for congenital choledochal cysts. Hence a wide, tension free biliary-enteric anastomosis performed by a experienced hand is necessary.

17.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 701-707, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957232

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the health fitness and its influencing factors among urban elderly residents in Lanzhou city.Methods:A multi-stage sampling method was used to survey urban elderly residents in Lanzhou city with self-designed questionnaire from July 17th to August 3rd, 2020. The questionnaire included general information, life habits and Healthy Fitness Measurement Scale Version 1.0 (HFMS V 1.0), a total of 1 124 questionnaires were distributed and 1 124 were collected, including 1 043 valid questionnaires (92.8%). The HFMS V 1.0 was scored with Likert 5-point scale, positive and negative scoring method. The health fitness status of the subjects was divided into low, medium and high levels according to the norms of HFMS V 1.0 for Chinese urban elderly residents. The influencing factors were analyzed by using the chi-square test and ordinal logistic regression.Results:The conversion score of HFMS V 1.0 for the urban elderly residents in Lanzhou city was 61.99±14.20, and the physical fitness score was the lowest (57.84±16.98); of the 1 043 subjects, 332 (31.83%), 360 (34.52%) and 351 (33.65%) subjects were classified with low, medium, and high health fitness levels, respectively. Chronic diseases and poor dietary habits were the risk factors for the health fitness of urban elderly residents in Lanzhou city (both P<0.05); more adequate sun exposure, physical exercise, sufficient sleep, high self-health concern and high frustration quotient were protective factors for health fitness in those subjects (all P<0.05). Conclusion:The overall level of health fitness in urban elderly residents in Lanzhou city is moderate, and chronic disease, dietary habits, sun exposure, physical exercise, length of sleep, self-health concern and frustration quotient are the main influencing factors.

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Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 738-744, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956854

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the data of ultra-high dose rate (FLASH) radiotherapy in GEO (Gene Expression Omnibus) database by bioinformatics method, in order to find the hub genes involved in flash radiotherapy induced acute T-lymphoblastic leukemia.Methods:The gene expression profiles of malignant tumors receiving FLASH radiotherapy were downloaded from GEO database. The R software was used to screen the differential expressed genes (DEGs) and analyze their biological functions and signal pathways. The protein-protein interaction (PPI) network of DEGs was analyzed by online tool of STRING, and Hub genes were screened by Cytoscape plug-in. The expressions of screened Hub genes in acute T lymphoblastic leukemia were identified with TCGA (The Cancer Genome Atlas) and GTEx (Genotype-Tissue Expression) database.Results:Based on the analysis of GSE100718 microarray dataset of GEO database, a total of 12 800 genes were found to be associated with radiosensitivity of acute T lymphoblastic leukemia, of which 61 significantly altered DEGs were selected for further analysis. It was found that these genes were involved in the biological processes of metabolism, stress response, and immune response through the pathways of oxidative phosphorylation, unfolded protein response, fatty acid metabolism, and so on. PPI analysis indicated that HSPA5 and SCD belonged to the Hub genes involved in the regulation of FLASH radiosensitivity, and they were significantly highly expressed in acute T lymphoblastic leukemia combined with TRD/LMO2-fusion gene.Conclusions:Through bioinformatics analysis, the Hub genes involved in regulating the sensitivity of FLASH radiotherapy and conventional radiotherapy can be effectively screened, and thus the gene expression profiles can be used to guide the stratification of cancer patients to achieve a precise radiotherapy.

19.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 504-510, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956815

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between lung immune prognostic index (LIPI) and the prognosis of locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (LA-NSCLC) treated with radiochemotherapy.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted for the clinical data of LA-NSCLC patients who received radiochemotherapy in the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University from 2013 to 2019. According to the hematologic test result of the derived neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (dNLR) and the lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), the patients were divided into three groups according to their LIPI scores, namely the good-LIPI group with dNLR ≤ 3 and LDH ≤ upper limit of normal (ULN), moderate-LIPI group with dNLR >3 or LDH > ULN, and poor-LIPI group with dNLR >3 and LDH > ULN. Moreover, the overall survival (OS) and the progression-free survival (PFS) were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method, the Log-rank test, and the Cox regression model.Results:A total of 238 patients were enrolled, and their median follow-up time was 37.1 months, median PFS 16.1 months, and median OS 30.6 months. The OS and PFS of the poor-LIPI group were significantly worse than those of the good- and moderate-LIPI groups ( χ2= 9.04, 2.88, P<0.05). The univariate analysis showed that the factors influencing OS included gender, pathological type, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations, and LIPI ( χ2=6.10, 13.66, 10.58, 9.04, P<0.05), and the PFS was only affected by the LIPI ( χ2=2.88, P = 0.03). Multivariate analysis suggested that EGFR mutations and LIPI were independent prognostic markers for OS ( HR = 1.31, 1.36; 95% CI: 1.03-1.67, 1.05-1.76; P<0.05). Conclusions:The LIPI is a potential prognostic indicator of radiochemotherapy in LA-NSCLC, and this result should be further confirmed by prospective studies.

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Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 583-590, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956560

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical effects of unilateral secondary puncture percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) in the treatment of type ⅡA acute symptomatic osteoporotic thoracolumbar fractures (ASOTLF).Methods:A retrospective case-control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 193 patients with type ⅡA ASOTLF who had been admitted to Department of Spine Surgery, Honghui Hospital from February 2016 to October 2018. They were 71 males and 122 females, aged from 65 to 90 years [average, (73.9±4.3) years]. The segments injured were T10 in 21 cases, T11 in 27 cases, T12 in 44 cases, L1 in 48 cases, L2 in 29 cases, L3 in 14 cases, and L4 in 10 cases. Of them, 85 received unilateral secondary puncture PVP (observation group) and 108 did not (control group). The clinical effects were evaluated by comparing between the 2 groups the operation time, bone cement injection volume, intraoperative blood loss, hospital stay, and visual analogue scale (VAS) for back pain, spinal Oswestry disability index (ODI), anterior height of the injured vertebral body (AH) and kyphosis angle (KA) of the injured vertebra before operation, at 3 days after operation and the last follow-up. The bone cement leakage and fracture of adjacent vertebral body were observed.Results:All patients were followed up for 12 to 24 months (average, 15.8 months). There was no significant difference in the preoperative general data between the 2 groups, showing they were comparable ( P>0.05). The operation time and bone cement injection volume [(36.2±1.4) min and (5.5±0.7) mL] in the observation group were significantly longer or more than those in the control group [(32.3±1.7) min and (4.0±0.7) mL] ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the hospital stay or intraoperative blood loss between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). The VAS, ODI, AH and KA at 3 days after operation and the last follow-up were significantly improved compared with those before operation in both groups ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in VAS, ODI, AH or KA between the 2 groups before operation or at 3 days after operation ( P>0.05). However, the VAS, ODI, AH and KA at the last follow-up in the observation group [(2.2±0.8) points, 19.2%±5.8%, (2.90±0.21) cm, and 12.2°±1.5°] were better than those in the control group [(3.1±0.9) points, 22.8%±5.3%, (2.41±0.15) cm, and 13.3°±1.2°]. There was no significant difference between the 2 groups in the incidence of postoperative bone cement leakage or that of adjacent vertebral fracture ( P>0.05). Conclusions:In the treatment of type ⅡA ASOTLF, unilateral secondary puncture PVP can result in satisfactory clinical effects, because it effectively promotes dispersion of bone cement and prevents re-collapse of the vertebra operated but does not increase the risks of bone cement leakage and adjacent vertebral fracture.

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