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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2484-2495, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007606

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Excessive proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) are the main causes of restenosis (RS) in diabetic lower extremity arterial disease (LEAD). However, the relevant pathogenic mechanisms are poorly understood.@*METHODS@#In this study, we introduced a "two-step injury protocol" rat RS model, which started with the induction of atherosclerosis (AS) and was followed by percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA). Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and immunohistochemistry staining were used to verify the form of RS. Two-step transfection was performed, with the first transfection of Lin28a followed by a second transfection of let-7c and let-7g, to explore the possible mechanism by which Lin28a exerted effects. 5-ethynyl-2΄-deoxyuridine (EdU) and Transwell assay were performed to evaluate the ability of proliferation and migration of VSMCs. Western blotting and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) were performed to detect the expression of Lin28a protein and let-7 family members.@*RESULTS@#Using a combination of in vitro and in vivo experiments, we discovered that let-7c, let-7g, and microRNA98 (miR98) were downstream targets of Lin28a. More importantly, decreased expression of let-7c/let-7g increased Lin28a, leading to further inhibition of let-7c/let-7g. We also found an increased level of let-7d in the RS pathological condition, suggesting that it may function as a protective regulator of the Lin28a/let-7 loop by inhibiting the proliferation and migration of VSMCs.@*CONCLUSION@#These findings indicated the presence of a double-negative feedback loop consisting of Lin28a and let-7c/let-7g, which may be responsible for the vicious behavior of VSMCs in RS.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Down-Regulation , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Feedback , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Atherosclerosis
2.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 890-895, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994529

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the adjuvant chemotherapy project and survival prognosis of patients with stage Ⅱ/Ⅲ colon cancer in different age groups.Methods:In this retrospective study, the clinical data of 770 colon cancer patients undergoing radical resection were collected in the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from Jan 2013 to Dec 2017. Patients were categorized into 3 groups based on age at onset of colon cancer: young group (18-49 years old, 112 cases), middle-aged group (50-64 years old, 351 cases) and older group (65-75 years old, 307 cases).Results:The young group had fewer complications, and the probability of cancer deposit, vascular tumor thrombus and nerve invasion was lower than the middle-aged and older group (12.5% vs. 15.4% vs. 14.3%; 7.1% vs. 9.4% vs. 8.5%; 2.7% vs .8.8% vs. 5.5%), but the probability of signet-ring cell carcinoma and mucinous adenocarcinoma was higher (5.4% vs. 1.4% vs. 1.6%; 14.3% vs. 11.4% vs. 13.4%), the proportion of patients with stage Ⅲ was greater (49.1% vs. 45.0% vs. 47.2%), and they were more willing to receive postoperative chemotherapy (83.9% vs. 81.8% vs. 60.3%). Among patients with stage Ⅱ and Ⅲ colon cancer, the young group and the middle-aged group were 3-4 times more likely to receive adjuvant chemotherapy than the elderly group [ OR=4.153 (95% CI:1.964-8.785), 2.906 (95% CI:1.845-4.579), 3.120 (95% CI:1.310-7.429), 3.588 (95% CI: 1.964-6.556)]. Of those patients who received chemotherapy, young and middle-aged patients had a higher percentage of multiagent regimen use than older patients [ OR=2.050 (95% CI:0.937-4.488), 2.750 (95% CI:1.536-4.923)]. Among patients treated with surgery alone, no significant differences were observed in survival among age groups. Among patients who received surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy, a significantly better survival was observed for young and middle-aged patients with stage Ⅲ [ HR=0.284 (95% CI:0.127-0.632), 0.521 (95% CI:0.333-0.816)] than their older counterparts. Conclusions:Among patients with stage Ⅱ/Ⅲ colon cancer, young and middle-aged patients are more likely to undergo adjuvant chemotherapy and use more radical chemotherapy regimen. Young and middle-aged patients with stage Ⅱ colon cancer had overuse of chemotherapy, but did not result in expected survival improvement.

3.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 577-583, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958228

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 is a novel respiratory infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The continuous emergence of SARS-CoV-2 variants poses a serious threat to the public health. A bedside device with high specificity and sensitivity for real-time and rapid detection is of great value for the prevention and control of COVID-19. Moreover, understanding the transmission behavior of airborne pathogens such as SARS-CoV-2 is also vital for scientific disease prevention. Biosensors are devices that can convert biomolecular reaction signals into detectable physical or chemical signals and have been increasingly used for the detection and analysis of pathogenic microorganisms. Biosensors bases on the conventional detection methods such as colony counting, immunoassays and molecular techniques are often time-consuming, labor-intensive and complicated. Nanomaterial-based biosensors are more portable and can be used for rapid on-site detection. This review summarized the progress in biosensors for pathogen detection and the application of nanomaterial based-biosensors in the surveillance of airborne pathogens.

4.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 328-338, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929062

ABSTRACT

The aquatic grass Zizania latifolia grows symbiotically with the fungus Ustilago esculenta producing swollen structures called Jiaobai, widely cultivated in China. A new disease of Z. latifolia was found in Zhejiang Province, China. Initial lesions appeared on the leaf sheaths or sometimes on the leaves near the leaf sheaths. The lesions extended along the axis of the leaf shoots and formed long brown to dark brown streaks from the leaf sheath to the leaf, causing sheath rot and death of entire leaves on young plants. The pathogen was isolated and identified as the bacterium Pantoea ananatis, based on 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene sequencing, multilocus sequence analysis (atpD (β-subunit of ATP synthase F1), gyrB (DNA gyrase subunit B), infB (translation initiation factor 2), and rpoB (β‍-subunit of RNA polymerase) genes), and pathogenicity tests. Ultrastructural observations using scanning electron microscopy revealed that the bacterial cells colonized the vascular tissues in leaf sheaths, forming biofilms on the inner surface of vessel walls, and extended between vessel elements via the perforated plates. To achieve efficient detection and diagnosis of P. ananatis, species-specific primer pairs were designed and validated by testing closely related and unrelated species and diseased tissues of Z. latifolia. This is the first report of bacterial sheath rot disease of Z. latifolia caused by P. ananatis in China.


Subject(s)
Pantoea/genetics , Plant Diseases/microbiology , Poaceae/microbiology , Virulence
5.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1210-1214, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940257

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of pulmonary tuberculosis among students in Wuhan from 2011 to 2020, and to provide a basis for the scientific development of interventions and strategies.@*Methods@#Epidemiological distribution, time of onset and treatment, as well as treatment outcomes of student tuberculosis in Wuhan from 2011 to 2020 registered in the national tuberculosis information management system were described.@*Results@#During 2011-2020, 4 337 student tuberculosis patients in Wuhan were registered. The average annual incidence rate was 22.44/10 million, and the annual decreasing rate of 7.86% The incidence of male and female patients was 1.76:1, and the incidence rate of male was higher than that of female( χ 2=184.18, P <0.01). Most of patients aged 19-22 years old, accounting for 47.89%; Tuberculosis reports were highest during March to May, and September to November, and lowest during January to February, and July to August. Student patients were mainly concentrated in Hongshan District, Jiangxia District and Wuchang District, where schools were more distributed in Hongshan District, Dongxihu District, Wuchang District and Xinzhou District. The median duration from tuberculosis onset to treatment was 9(3, 21) days, which varied significantly by region, age, nationality, and patient residence ( Z =-9.25, 47.14, 9.88,43.96, P <0.01). The treatment and outcome of student tuberculosis patients were varied significantly by year and nationality( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The incidence of student tuberculosis in Wuhan City showed a slow downward trend. Most of student tuberculosis are college and high school students. Time and place of case detection are relatively fixed. The time of treatment and the outcome of treatment vary significantly. Tuberculosis prevention and control strategies should be formulated according to the local conditions according to the tuberculosis distribution characteristics, as well as enhancing surveillance, health promotion, active discovery and supervision management of tuberculosis in school settings.

6.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 799-804, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908436

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnosis and treatment of emergency inguinal hernia.Methods:The retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted. The clinical data of 236 patients with emergency inguinal hernia who were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from January 2015 to May 2020 were collected. There were 194 males and 42 females, aged (69±30)years. Hospitalized patients received routine blood biochemistry test and imaging examinations for evaluation of characteristics of hernia contents and intestinal obstruction. Manual reduction and surgical treatment were selected according to the conditions of patients. Observation indicators: (1) treatment; (2) follow-up. Follow-up using outpatient examination and telephone interview was performed to detect hernia recurrence and late-onset mesh infection up to August 2020. Measurement data were described as M (range) or M ( P25, P75), and comparison between groups was analyzed using the Wilcoxon rank sum test. Count data were represented as absolute numbers, and comparison between groups was done using the chi-square test. Results:(1) Treatment: of the 236 patients, 106 cases had successful manual reduction, 124 cases underwent emergency operation, 6 cases refused surgery. ① For 106 cases with successful manual reduction (including 4 cases guided by B-ultrasonography), the manual reduction time was 5 minutes (2 minutes,7 minutes). Ninety-three of 106 patients underwent selective operation after manual reduction, including 89 cases with indirect hernia, 2 cases with direct hernia and 2 cases with compound hernia. The time to selective operation was 3 days(2 days,5 days) after manual reduction. Patients underwent mesh repair, of which the operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss, time to postoperative first flatus, duration of postoperative hospital stay were 44 minutes (29 minutes, 66 minutes),10 mL(5 mL,20 mL), 1 day(1 day,2 days), 1 day(1 day,2 days), respectively. Eleven patients didn't undergo selective operation. Two patients with abdominal pain and fever after manual reduction were diagnosed with perforation of intestine by emergency surgical exploration, and then underwent partial intestinal resection combined with high ligation of hernial sac. ② There were 93 of 124 patients undergoing emergency operation with indirect hernia, 18 cases with femoral hernia, 6 cases with obturator hernia, 6 cases with compound hernia and 1 case with direct hernia. There were 54 of 124 patients undergoing open operation, including 21 cases with Bassini surgery, 18 cases with Lichtenstein surgery, 9 cases with Mc Vay surgery, 6 cases with high ligation of hernia sac. There were 70 patients undergoing laparoscopic operation, including 57 cases with laparoscopic transperitoneal preperitoneal hernia repair (TAPP), 10 cases with laparoscopic explora-tion + tissue repair and 3 cases with laparoscopic exploration + closure of inner inguinal ring. The operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss, time to postoperative first flatus, cases with short-term postoperative complications were 60 minutes (50 minutes,76 minutes), 20 mL(14 mL,30 mL), 2 days(1 day,2 days), 15 cases for patients undergoing open surgery, respectively. The above indicators were 56 minutes (47 minutes,77 minutes), 20 mL(10 mL,25 mL), 2 days(1 day,2 days), 21 cases for patients under-going laparoscopic surgery. There was no significant difference in the above indicators between the two groups ( Z=?0.88, ?1.37, ?1.56, χ2=0.07, P>0.05). Cases with intraoperative placement of mesh and duration of hospital stay were 18 cases and 5 days(3 days,8 days) for patients undergoing open surgery, versus 57 cases and 3 days(2 days,5 days) for patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery, showing significant differences between the two groups ( χ2=29.50, Z=?4.32, P<0.05). (2) Follow-up: of 236 patients, 192 were followed up for 2?60 months, with a median follow-up time of 19 months. Seven patients had recurrence of hernia after emergency operation, including 3 with high ligation of the hernia sac, 2 with Bassini surgery, 1 with Lichtenstein surgery, and 1 with laparoscopic exploration + closure of inner inguinal ring. One patient with late-onset mesh infection after Lichtenstein surgery was improved after mesh removal. No long-term complications such as hernia recurrence or late-onset mesh infection occurred to the 184 patients. Conclusions:Emergency inguinal hernia had different state of illness, manual reduction is suitable for partial patients with incarceration. Surgery is the first choice, and the surgical procedure needs to be individually selected.

7.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 860-863, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912486

ABSTRACT

Two types of Mycobacterium abscesses (Mab) were found in sputum from a patient with severe pneumonia in May 2020. One was Mycobacteriumabscessus with smooth morphology (Mab S), the other was Mycobacteriumabscessus with rough morphology (Mab R). Both of them were compared and drug susceptibility testing were performed to provide clinical scientific diagnosis and treatment. Morphology, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) and 16S rRNA were used to analyze Mab S and Mab R, phylogenetic evolution tree was constructed by gene sequence alignment for homology, proportion and broth drug test were used for in vitro drug sensitivity test. There were morphological differences between Mab S and Mab R. MALDI-TOF MS analysis showed that there were 223 protein peaks in Mab R and 147 protein peaks in Mab S. Mab S contained 1 397 bp and Mab R contained 1 402 bp as 16s rRNA gene sequencing revealed. Drug susceptibility testing showed that both of them were almost resistant to all antituberculosis drugs, but sensitive to most of antibiotics. Mab S and Mab R were not only different in manifestations, but also in protein and gene comparison. Both of them were generally resistant to antituberculosis drugs. Antibiotic combined therapy has been confirmed to be an effective treatment in clinic.

8.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 116-121, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799494

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the expression of H3.3 G34W mutant-specific antibody in giant cell tumors of bone (GCTB), and its value in the diagnosis of GCTB.@*Methods@#Immunohistochemical (IHC) EnVision method was used to detect the expression of H3.3 G34W mutant-specific antibody and p63 in 83 GCTBs, 18 aneurysmal bone cysts, 23 chondroblastomas and 28 osteosarcomas diagnosed at Nanjing Jinling Hospital from June 2001 to April 2019.@*Results@#Among the 83 cases of GCTB, 69 cases (69/83, 83.1%) expressed H3.3 G34W. H3.3 G34W expression was found exclusively in the mononuclear cell population with strong and diffuse nuclear staining. H3.3 G34W was expressed in 55 of 57 (96.5%) cases of GCTB in long bones, but only 14 of 26 (53.8%) cases of non-long bone GCTB. All recurrent (9/9)/metastatic GCTB (2/2), post-denosumab GCTB (3/3), primary malignant GCTB (3/3) and secondary malignant GCTB (5/5) also expressed H3.3 G34W. H3.3 G34W was negative in all aneurysmal bone cysts and chondroblastomas. H3.3 G34W was positive in 3 of 28(10.7%) cases of osteosarcomas, and giant cell-rich osteosarcoma(GCRO) was the only histological subtype of osteosarcoma that expressed H3.3 G34W. p63 was expressed in 71.1%(59/83) of GCTB, while the positive rates of p63 in aneurysmal bone cysts,chondroblastomas and osteosarcomas were 3/18, 43.5% (10/23) and 21.4% (6/28) respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of H3.3 G34W mutant-specific antibody in the diagnosis of GCTB were 83.1% and 95.7%.@*Conclusions@#H3.3 G34W mutant-specific antibody is a highly sensitive and specific marker for GCTB and helpful for the diagnosis of GCTB and its variants. The limitation of this antibody is that as a mall number of GCTB harbor G34 mutation other than G34W, and thus that cannot be detected. The incidental expression of H3.3 G34W mutant protein in osteosarcoma could be a potential diagnostic dilemma, and the results of H3.3 G34W IHC staining needs careful interpretation.

9.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 10-18, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788901

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer is a most common malignant tumor of the lung and is the cancer with the highest morbidity and mortality worldwide. For patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer who have undergone epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene mutations, targeted drugs can be used for targeted therapy. There are many methods for detecting EGFR gene mutations, but each method has its own advantages and disadvantages. This study aims to predict the risk of EGFR gene mutation by exploring the association between the histological features of the whole slides pathology of non-small cell lung cancer hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and the patient's EGFR mutant gene. The experimental results show that the area under the curve (AUC) of the EGFR gene mutation risk prediction model proposed in this paper reached 72.4% on the test set, and the accuracy rate was 70.8%, which reveals the close relationship between histomorphological features and EGFR gene mutations in the whole slides pathological images of non-small cell lung cancer. In this paper, the molecular phenotypes were analyzed from the scale of the whole slides pathological images, and the combination of pathology and molecular omics was used to establish the EGFR gene mutation risk prediction model, revealing the correlation between the whole slides pathological images and EGFR gene mutation risk. It could provide a promising research direction for this field.

10.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 14-17, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746239

ABSTRACT

Tumor bone metastasis is one of the main causes of treatment failure in tumor.Since tumor bone metastasis is a complex process,the exact etiopathogenesis of tumor bone metastasis has not been clarified.Recent studies demonstrated that osteoprotegerin/receptor activator of NF-κB ligand/receptor activator of NF-κB (OPG/RANKL/RANK) system plays an important role during the development and progression of tumor bone metastasis.In this review,the research progress of OPG/RANKL/RANK system,including biological functions,the bone microenvironment regulation,the detection method,the diagnosis and treatment of tumor will be summerized.

11.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 138-144, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745222

ABSTRACT

Objective We performed a diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) study to explore the value of mode of anisotropy (MO) and other DTI-derived indices in assessing white matter fiber damage with mild to moderate Alzheimer disease (AD) patients. Methods This study was a prospective study. From February 2015 to February 2018, 33 patients with mild to moderate AD according to criteria were prospectively recruited as AD group at the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University. Twenty healthy age-, sex-matched volunteers were recruited as normoal conctrast (NC) group. All subjects were performed by conventional brain MRI and DTI scans. The MO, anisotropic fraction (FA), mean diffusivity (MD), radial diffusivity (RD) and axial diffusivity (AxD) of white matter fibers were obtained from DTI images after TBSS post-processing. The statistical analyses of DTI indices between AD group and NC group were carried out in Functional MRI Software Library software. Results As compared with NC group, we found 1 cluster with significant decrease FA and increase RD in AD group, the affected fibers involving bilateral anterior thalamic radiation, corticospinal tract, cingulate gyrus, hippocampus, inferior fronto-occipital fasciculus, inferior longitudinal fasciculus, uncinated fasciculus, superior longitudinal fasciculus (P<0.05). The MD value increase(P<0.1) was found to coincide with the decrease of FA and the increase of RD, while no significant increase or decrease in P<0.05. Three clusters of MO increases (P<0.05) accompanying with increases of AxD were found in left anterior limb of internal capsule, bilateral posterior limb of internal capsule, posterior forceps, left centrum semiovale and parietal lobe. Two clusters of MO decreases (P<0.05) accompanying with decreases of FA and increases of RD were found in fornix, forceps, external capsule, centrum semiovale and left frontal lobe. Conclusions The combination of MO with DTI routine tensor indices (FA, RD, MD, AxD) can further reveal the microstructural damage of white matter fibers in AD, especially to crossing-fibers. The abnormalities of MO combined with FA, RD and MD reveal the degeneration of both bundles of crossing-fibers,and the abnormalities of MO combined with AxD reveal that the white matter damage was mainly caused by axon damage of one bundle of cross fibers.

12.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 945-950, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800345

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical, histologic and immunophenotypic features, genetic alterations and prognosis of the rare Xp11 neoplasm with melanocytic differentiation.@*Methods@#Twenty-one cases were selected from the Department of Pathology, Jingling Hospital, Nanjing University School of Medicine from May 2008 to May 2018. The clinicopathologic, immunohistochemical, molecular analysis and follow-up details were collected.@*Results@#There were 7 males and 14 females, with their ages ranging from 4 to 57 years (mean 32.8 years). The tumors were located in kidney (11 cases), pelvis (three cases), and in pancreas, retroperitoneum, adrenal gland, small intestine, prostate, cervix and appendix (one case each). Microscopically, most tumors shared similar morphology such as purely nested or sheet-like architectures separated by a delicate vascular network, purely epithelioid cells with clear to granular eosinophilic cytoplasm, lacks of papillary structures, spindle cell or fat components, uniform round to oval nuclei with small visible nucleoli, and in most of them (16/21) melanin pigment. Immunohistochemically, all cases showed moderately (2+) or strongly (3+) positive staining for TFE3 and Cathepsin K. HMB45 and Melan A were focally expressed in three of 21 cases, while the remaining cases showed typically moderate(2+) or strong (3+) expression. None of the cases were immunoreactive for SMA, desmin, CKpan, S-100 and PAX8. All cases showed TFE3 rearrangement using fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH). Fusion FISH assays detected SFPQ-TFE3 gene fusion in 16 cases, NONO-TFE3 gene fusion in two, ASPL-TFE3 and MED15-TFE3 gene fusions in one case each. Polymerase chain reaction and direct sequencing detected SFPQ-TFE3 gene fusion in nine cases, NONO-TFE3 and MED15-TFE3 gene fusions in one case each. Clinical follow-up was available for 15 patients for 12 to 74 months. Six patients died of the disease; and three had recurrences and/or metastases. Six patients were alive with no evidence of disease after initial resection.@*Conclusions@#Xp11 neoplasm with melanocytic differentiation has unique morphologic, immunophenotypic and genetic characteristics. The tumor is aggressive, and should be differentiated from Xp11 translocation RCC and perivascular epithelioid cell tumor.

13.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 633-637, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753563

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the pathogenicity and multilocus sequence typing (MLST) characteristics of the pathogenic strain of Burkholderia pseudomallei (Bp) in Hainan,and provide a reference for studying the structural characteristics and phylogenetic characteristics of pathogenic Bp in Hainan.Methods The data of patients with melioidosis in Hainan,who were treated in Hainan General Hospital from 2011 to 2018,and Bp pathogenic strains isolated from patient infected specimens were collected.The Bp pathogenic strains were genotyped by MLST method,and the distribution characteristics of the sequence type (ST) were analyzed.The ST of all Bp pathogenic strains was analyzed by eBURST v3 software to establish the evolutionary relationship map.Results A total of 91 cases of melioidosis patients were studied,including 76 males and 15 females;the ages were mainly concentrated in 40-70 years old;clinical manifestations included sepsis,pulmonary infection and local abscess;and the most common diseases were diabetes.A total of 91 Bp pathogenic strains were observed,of which 85 Bp pathogenic strains were distributed in coastal areas of Hainan,accounting for 93.41%;identified by MLST method,39 ST were discovered,the most common were ST46 (13 strains),ST55 (12 strains),STS0 (8 strains) and ST58 (7 strains),accounting for 14.29%,13.19%,8.79% and 7.69%,respectively;except ST46 was widely distributed in the coastal areas of Hainan,the ST55,ST50 and ST58 were concentrated in the southwest,northeast and southeast regions of Hainan.Compared with the MLST database,ST30 (3 strains) was currently found only in Hainan,ST562 (4 strains) had been reported in northern Australia,and the remaining ST models had been reported in southeast Asia.The eBURST v3 software divided the 39 ST into 3 subtypes and 18 individual types.Among them,the subtypes with ST300 as the original type had the most number of ST,including 17 ST,57 Bp pathogenic strains;compared with the MLST database,the ST300 was mainly distributed in southeast Asian regions such as Thailand.Conclusions The ST of Bp pathogenic strains in Hainan has high regional diversity and genetic diversity,and is closely related to Bp in southeast Asian regions such as Thailand.

14.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 435-438, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696836

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical value of enhanced 3D-SPACE-STIR sequence MR in brachial plexus injury post-ganglionic nerve.Methods Eighteen patients with suspected brachial plexus injury were examined by routine MRI,3D-SPACE-STIR sequence and enhanced scan.The position,morphology,signal intensity of the brachial plexus injury and its relation with the proximal and distal portions of the brachial plexus were evaluated by senior radiologists.The image quality of plain and enhanced 3D-SPACE-STIR was evaluated respectively.Results The CNR of plain scan and enhanced 3D-SPACE-STIR sequence images were 32.31+2.98 and 43.66+2.78 respectively and the difference was statistically significant.Plain and enhanced 3D-SPACE-STIR sequences of supraclavicular nerves display rate were 95.0% and 96.1% respectively without having statistically significant difference.However,the subclavicular segment of the brachial plexus showed the displaying rates of 66.7% and 94.4% and the difference was statistically significant.Moreover, the background suppression effect of enhanced scan was better than that of the plain scan.Conclusion Enhanced 3D-SPACE-STIR sequence can clearly show brachial plexus injury,and its image quality is better than that of the plain scan,which can provide important imaging basis for accurate diagnosis of brachial plexus injury.

15.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 936-940, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807755

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinicopathological, and molecular characteristics of myoepithelial tumors (MTs) of salivary glands.@*Methods@#A total of 37 MTs cases including 13 malignant epithelial tumors (MMTs) and 24 benign epithelial tumors (BMTs) of salivary glands were identified from the archives of the Department of Pathology, General Hospital of Eastern Theater Command, dating from 2006 to 2016. Clinical features, histological patterns, immunohistochemical characteristics and status of EWSR1 gene rearrangement by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis were reviewed in all cases.@*Results@#Clinically, 37 MTs cases mainly occurred in the parotid glands, when most of the patients presented with painless masses. Of the 13 MMTs cases, male to female ratio was 7∶6, and the median age was 62 years old. Of the 24 BMTs cases, male to female ratio was 5∶7, and the median age was 54 years old. Immunohistochemically, 37 MTs cases were positive for CKpan, and at least one myoepithelial marker. Twenty six of 37 MTs cases were analyzable for the EWSR1 gene break by FISH. Based on the previous evaluation criterion, the EWSR1 translocation was detected in 4 cases of 11 MMTs, and 4 cases of 15 BMTs. According to the main histological composition of tumor cells, 4 EWSR1-positive MMTs covered 2 clear-cell cases and 2 epithelioid-cell cases, when 4 EWSR1-positive BMTs covered 2 clear-cell cases, 1 plasmacytoid-cell case, and 1 spindle-cell case.@*Conclusions@#Males and females are affected equally. MTs express immunoreactivity for CKpan, and at least one myoepithelial marker. The EWSR1 rearrangement is present in a subset of MTs, with variable morphological characteristics, and has no statistical significance on clinical behavior.

16.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 603-608, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807215

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the clinicopathologic characteristics of lung non-terminal respiratory unit (non-TRU) type adenocarcinoma.@*Methods@#Seventy-two cases of lung non-TRU type adenocarcinoma that underwent complete resection and diagnosed at Departments of Pathology, Affiliated Suzhou Hospital of Nanjing Medical University and Nanjing General Hospital of the PLA from January 2005 to December 2016 were retrospectively studied. The histomorphological changes and precursor lesions were observed under microscope. The expression of lineage-specific markers and tumor stem cell markers was detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC). The major driver mutations of lung adenocarcinoma were tested by ARMS and directive gene sequencing.@*Results@#Non-TRU type adenocarcinomas were more commonly found in male (65.3%, 47/72), former or current smokers (68.1%, 49/72), the elder (mean 61 years old), central adenocarcinoma (75.0%, 54/72), tumors with necrosis (61.1%, 44/72) and higher grade (73.6%, 53/72). Histologically, non-TRU type adenocarcinoma displayed complex histomorphology and was often composed of large irregular gland-like and acinar pattern accumulating extracellular mucin, necrotic tumor cell debris and neutrophils, or invasive adenocarcinoma with mucin production. The tumor cells were composed of bronchial surface epithelial cells, mucinous column cells, polygonal cells and goblet cells. Eighteen (25.0%), 23 (31.9%) and 28 (38.9%) cases exhibited ciliated columnar cell metaplasia (CCCM), mucous columnar cell change (MCCC) and bronchiolar columnar cell dysplasia (BCCD) (precursor lesion of lung adenocarcinoma). IHC showed the expression of CK7 (100.0%, 72/72), TTF1 (12.5%, 9/72), Napsin A (5.6%, 4/72), MUC5AC (81.9%, 59/72), MUC5B (87.5%, 63/72), p53 (66.7%, 48/72), CK5/6 (12.5%, 9/72), p63 (18.1%, 13/72), CK20 (19.4%, 14/72) and CDX2 (16.7%, 12/72) in the tumor cells. The expression of tumor stem cell markers was detected in 43.1% cases (31/72) for CD44, 31.9% (23/72) for CD133, 58.3% (42/72) for β-catenin, 36.1% (26/72) for ALDH1, 12.5% (9/72) for GATA6, 20.8% (15/72) for SOX2 and 29.2% (21/72) for OCT4. The driver mutations were 26.4% (19/72) for KRAS, 2.8% (2/72) for EGFR and 1.4% (1/72) for EML4-ALK, and none for BRAF and ROS1.@*Conclusion@#Non-TRU type adenocarcinoma is an uncommon subtype of lung adenocarcinoma with distinct clinicopathologic characteristics, histologic appearances, immunophenotype and molecular genetic alterations.

17.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 574-579, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807210

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the clinicopathologic features, immunophenotype, characteristic FISH pattern and prognosis of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) associated with chromosome X inversion harboring gene fusions involving TFE3.@*Methods@#Ten cases of NONO-TFE3 RCC and four cases of RBM10-TFE3 RCC were investigated at Nanjing Jinling Hospital from 2009 to 2016 by clinicopathological findings, immunohistochemistry, and genetic analysis.@*Results@#Morphologically, the distinct pattern of secretory endometrioid subnuclear vacuolization was overlapped with clear cell papillary RCC, and often accompanied by sheets of epithelial cells in NONO-TFE3 RCC. Most cases of RBM10-TFE3 RCC presented with the biphasic feature that acinar, tubular and papillary patterns of epithelioid cells combined with sheets of small cells with "pseudorosette-like" architectures. In addition, cytoplasmic vacuolization, nuclear groove, and psammoma bodies were also observed. Immunohistochemically, all NONO-TFE3 RCC cases were immunoreactive for TFE3, CD10, RCC markers, and PAX8, and negative for CK7, Cathepsin K, Melan A, HMB45, Ksp-cadherin, vimentin, and CD117. All 4 cases of RBM10-TFE3 RCC showed moderate to strong immunoreactivity for TFE3, Cathepsin K, CD10, Ksp-cadherin, E-cadherin, P504s, RCC marker, PAX8, and vimentin but negative for TFEB, HMB45 and CK7. CKpan and Melan A were at least focally expressed. The antibody to Ki-67 showed labeling of 3%-8% (mean 5%). There were some expression discrepancies of immunochemistry between different histological patterns. PAX8, CKpan, P504s, and Ksp-cadherin were expressed in epithelioid areas but not in small-cell areas. Ki-67 labeling index of epithelioid areas was higher than that in small-cell areas. In molecular analysis, NONO-TFE3 fusion transcripts were identified in 6 patients. The fusion points were between exon 7 of NONO and exon 6 of TFE3 in 5 patients and between exon 9 of NONO and exon 5 of TFE3 in one patient. All 4 cases of RBM10-TFE3 RCC demonstrated to have RBM10-TFE3 fusion transcripts and the fusion points were between exon 5 of TFE3 and exon 17 of RBM10. Using TFE3 break-apart FISH assay, all 10 cases of NONO-TFE3 RCC showed characteristic patterns of equivocal split signals with a distance of nearly 2 signal diameters. All 4 cases of RBM10-TFE3 RCC showed colocalized or subtle split signals with a distance of <1 signal diameter, which was considered as negative results. Long-term follow-up was available for 7 patients of NONO-TFE3 RCC and 4 patients of RBM10-TFE3 RCC. All patients were alive with no evidence of disease.@*Conclusions@#Two rare genotypes, NONO-TFE3 RCC and RBM10-TFE3 RCC, are reported in this study. Both of these two tumors show specific morphology and good prognosis, along with the positive TFE3 staining and the equivocal or false-negative TFE3 FISH results, which could be missed. PCR detection or next-generation sequencing can determine the genotype.

18.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 418-420, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512318

ABSTRACT

Objective In order to play the role of pathological network management system better in pathological examination, this study explore the present status of new pathology network management system, give an objective evaluation for the operation condition, reveal the effectiveness and the existing problems of this system, and provide reference for its development and improvement.Methods The software of pathological network management system was applied to the pathological specimen reception, patient information and examination status query, pathological diagnosis and technology process, as well as the paraffin block archive, statistical analysis, data recording, and so on.At last, we recorded all the information and made a classification and arrangement.Results Pathological network management system was running normally through the whole process of pathologic examination, including specimen receiving, all examinations, print of pathological applications and spontaneous print of pathological reports in ward, which really achieve one-stop services.But the system has unstable phenomenon occasionally.Conclusion Pathological network management system links each examination process closely, which can improve the work efficiency, and provide scientific basis for pathology quality control.

19.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 607-612, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809265

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the clinicopathologic characteristics and diagnostic criteria of primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma (PMBL), and to distinguish PMBL from classic Hodgkin lymphoma(CHL) and systemic diffuse large B-cell lymphoma(DLBCL).@*Methods@#The clinical features, histologic findings, results of immunohistochemical study and prgnosis in 27 PMBL cases were analyzed, with review of literature.@*Results@#The age of patients ranged from 19 to 82 years (median age 34 years). All cases were located in the mediastinum and frequently accompanied by superior vein cava syndrome. Histologically, the tumor cells were pleomorphic and diffusely distributed. Clear cytoplasm and spindle tumor cells were seen in some cases. Varying amount of sclerosing stroma with collagen deposition was seen.Immunohistochemical study showed that the tumor cells were positive for CD20(100%, 27/27), CD30 (64.0%, 16/25), CD23 (77.3%, 17/22) and p63 (16/19). Clonal B cell gene rearrangement was seen.@*Conclusions@#PMBL is a subtype of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with various histomorphology. Immunohistochemistry can help to confirm the diagnosis, and the prognosis is better than diffuse large B cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified.

20.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 38-42, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808026

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the molecular features of metanephric adenoma (MA) and discuss their values in differential diagnosis.@*Methods@#BRAF V600E immunohistochemistry (IHC) using the mutation-specific VE1 monoclonal antibody and Sanger sequencing of BRAF mutations were performed on 21 MAs, 16 epithelial-predominant Wilms tumors (e-WT) and 20 the solid variant of papillary renal cell carcinomas (s-PRCC) respectively. p16 protein was detected by IHC also. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analyses using centromeric probes for chromosome 7 and 17 were performed on the three renal tumors in parallel.@*Results@#Fourteen (14/21, 66.7%) of 21 MA cases demonstrated diffuse, moderate to strong cytoplasmic BRAF V600E IHC staining and the BRAF V600E protein expression was detected in 2 (2/16) of 16 e-WT cases for the first time, whereas all s-PRCCs were negative (P<0.05). All cases (including 14 MAs and 2 e-WTs) with diffuse, moderate to strong cytoplasmic BRAF V600E IHC staining were confirmed to harbor BRAF V600E missense mutations using Sanger sequencing, and no BRAF mutations were detected in cases with negative BRAF V600E protein expression. One case (1/21, 4.8%) showed trisomy of chromosome 7 alone, and another one (1/21, 4.8%) showed trisomy of chromosome 17 alone in 21 MAs. Two cases (2/16) of 16 e-WTs showed trisomy of chromosome 17 alone. In 20 s-PRCCs, trisomy of chromosomes 7 alone was reported in 2 cases (2/20), trisomy of chromosome 17 alone in 3 cases (3/20) and trisomy of chromosome 7 and 17 in 14 cases (14/20). The total positive rates of trisomy of chromosome 7 and/or 17 in MAs, e-WTs and s-PRCCs were 9.6% (2/21), 2/16 and 95.0% (19/20). p16 protein was positive in 81.0% (17/21) MAs, whereas the positive rates in e-WTs and s-PRCCs were 2/16 and 5.0% (1/20).@*Conclusions@#Most MAs harbor BRAF V600E mutations, and MAs lack the gains of chromosome 7 and 17 that are characteristic of papillary renal cell carcinoma. These molecular features can be used to distinguish MA from its mimics. BRAF V600E IHC using the mutation-specific VE1 monoclonal antibody provides an effective method in BRAF V600E mutations detection of renal tumors. p16 is overexpressed in MA, and the finding suggests that the low proliferative rate of the tumor might be attributed to BRAF V600E-induced senescence mediated by p16.

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