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1.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 197-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873730

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the risk factors of multi-drug resistant organism (MDRO) infection after liver transplantation. Methods The clinical data of 77 recipients undergoing liver transplantation were retrospectively analyzed. According to the incidence of MDRO infection, all recipients were divided into the non-MDRO infection group (n=51) and MDRO infection group (n=26). The infection rate and strain distribution of MDRO in liver transplant recipients were summarized. The risk factors of MDRO infection in liver transplant recipients were identified. Clinical prognosis of all recipients was statistically compared between two groups. Results The infection rate of MDRO after liver transplantation was 34% (26/77), mainly carbapenem-resistant MDRO infection. The main sites of infection included lung, abdominal cavity and incision. Univariate analysis showed that postoperative tracheal intubation ≥48 h, length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay ≥72 h, length of hospital stay ≥30 d, re-operation, continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) and tacrolimus (Tac) blood concentration ≥15 ng/mL were the risk factors for MDRO infection after liver transplantation. Cox regression analysis indicated that postoperative tracheal intubation≥48 h, re-operation, CRRT and Tac blood concentration ≥15 ng/mL were the independent risk factors for MDRO infection after liver transplantation. The fatality in the MDRO infection group was significantly higher than that in the non-MDRO infection group [31%(8/26) vs. 10%(5/51), P=0.01]. Conclusions Postoperative tracheal intubation ≥48 h, re-operation, CRRT and Tac blood concentration ≥15 ng/mL may increase the risk of MDRO infection after liver transplantation and affect clinical prognosis of the recipients.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883256

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors for delayed gastrointestinal hemorrhage after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD).Methods:The retrospective case-control study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 173 patients who underwent PD in the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University from November 2017 to May 2020 were collected. There were 107 males and 66 females, aged (61±11)years. All patients underwent PD and patients with gastrointestinal hemorrhage after surgery were treated with non-surgical or surgical treatments. Observation indicators: (1) gastrointestinal hemorrhage after PD and treatment situations; (2) influencing factors for delayed gastrointestinal hemorrhage after PD. Measurement data with normal distribution were expressed by Mean±SD, and count data were expressed by absolute numbers or percentages. Univariate analysis was performed using the chi-square test, and multivariate analysis was performed using the Logistic regression model. Results:(1) Gastrointestinal hemorrhage after PD and treatment situations: of 173 patients, 15 cases had gastrointestinal hemorrhage after PD, including 2 cases with early gastrointestinal hemorrhage and 13 cases with delayed gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Among the 13 cases with delayed gastrointestinal hemorrhage, 3 cases were mild hemorrhage, 10 cases were severe hemorrhage, 4 cases were gastric mucosal hemorrhage, 3 cases were gastric ulcer hemorrhage, 3 cases were gastrointestinal anastomotic hemorrhage, 2 cases were cholangio-jejunal anastomotic hemorrhage, 1 case was biliary arteriovenous fistula hemorrhage. Of the 13 patients with delayed gastrointestinal hemorrhage, 4 cases were treated only with conservative treatment, 4 cases were treated with interventional treatment, 3 cases were treated with endoscopic treatment and 2 cases were treated with surgical treatment. Of the 13 patients with delayed gastrointestinal hemorrhage, 12 were cured and 1 died. (2) Influencing factors for delayed gastrointestinal hemorrhage after PD: results of univariate analysis showed that albumin, total bilirubin, pancreatic fistula and history of gastric ulcer were the influencing factors for delayed gastrointestinal hemorrhage after PD ( χ2=7.888, 6.555, 4.252, 6.253, P<0.05). Results of multivariate analysis showed that total bilirubin >200 μmol/ L, pancreatic fistula and history of gastric ulcer were independent risk factors for delayed gastrointestinal hemorrhage after PD ( odds ratio=4.122, 4.290, 5.267, 95% confidence interval as 1.009-16.844, 1.149-16.022, 1.195-23.221, P<0.05). Conclusion:Total bilirubin >200 μmol/L, pancreatic fistula and history of gastric ulcer are independent risk factors for delayed gastrointestinal hemorrhage after PD.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870541

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinicopathological characteristics of the primary hepatic adenosquamous carcinoma(ASC).Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of 5 ASC patients admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University from 2006 to 2019 who underwent surgical resection and were pathologically confirmed.Results:Among the 5 ASC cases, there were 4 males and 1 female. The age ranged from 48 to 73 years. As for the initial symptoms, there were 5 cases complaining upper abdominal pain, 2 cases presenting fever, 1 case presenting weight loss and 1 case presenting jaundice. CA19-9 was significantly higher than normal in 4 cases, while AFP was normal in all. None had definite preoperative diagnosis.All the 5 patients underwent surgical resection with pathology proved primary hepatic ASC. Lymph node metastasis was found in 4 cases and nerve invasion in 2 cases. There were 4 cases at TNM stage ⅣA, one at stage ⅠB. The median disease-free survival (DFS) was 5 months and the overall survival (OS) was 9 months.Conclusions:Primary hepatic adenosquamous carcinoma is a rare type of liver malignant tumor with an extremely poor prognosis. Surgical resection helps little in improving the prognosis.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870499

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the incidence and related risk factors related to early postoperative complications after hepaticojejunostomy surgery for iatrogenic bile duct injury.Methods:A retrospective analysis was made on the data of 110 cases undergoing a hepaticojejunostomy at the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University and Anhui Provincial Hospital from January 2001 to December 2018. The univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to explore the impact risk factors on the short-term complications.Results:Patients′ median age was 44 years old. The short-term postoperative complication rate was 35.5% and the serious complication rate was 17.3%. Univariate analysis showed that male, a failed repair was attempted before referral, intraoperative bleeding>400 ml, and duration of surgery were significantly related to the occurrence of early postoperative complications (all P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that male, pre-referral failed surgical repair, preoperative bile leakage, initially combined with hepatectomy, and intraoperative bleeding>400 ml were independent risk factors for postoperative short term complications (all P<0.05). Univariate and multivariate analysis of early postoperative severe complications(Clavien-Dindo≥Ⅲ) revealed that pre-referral surgical repair, combined liver resection, and intraoperative bleeding>400 ml can significantly affect the occurrence of early postoperative severe complications (all P<0.05) . There was no significant correlation between the timing of biliary repair and the occurrence of complications ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Upon the occurrence of iatrogenic bile duct injury, the surgeon is advised to refrain from doing a repair instead sending the patient to a referral hospital. If bile leakage persists before surgery, sufficient bile drainage should be given priority to control infection.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865699

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the risk factors for postoperative pancreatic fistula after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD).Methods:The clinical data of 185 patients undergoing PD who were admitted to the Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery Center of First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University from January 2014 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Risk factors for pancreatic fistula after PD were investigated using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses.Results:Among 185 patients, pancreatic fistula occurred in 37 patients after PD, and the incidence was 20.0%. Of 34 patients (18.4%) developed grade B pancreatic fistula, and 3 patients (1.6%) developed grade C pancreatic fistula. There were two deaths directly related to postoperative pancreatic fistula (5.4%). Patients with grade B and C postoperative pancreatic fistula had significantly increased hospitalization time and medical expenses. Univariate analysis identified that pancreatic duct diameter ≤3 mm, soft pancreas and serum albumin ≤30 g/L(χ 2=7.236, 6.948, 8.063, all P<0.05) were risk factors for pancreatic fistula after PD. Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified that pancreatic duct diameter≤3mm, soft pancreatic texture and serum albumin ≤30 g/L ( OR=0.401, 0.629, 0.326, 95% CI 0.167-0.968, 0.411-0.963, 0.150-0.711, all P<0.05) were independent risk factors for pancreatic fistula after PD. Postoperative pancreatic fistula patients had a median survival time of 827.0 days, 1-year survival rate was 94.7%, and a 3-year survival rate was 35.8%. There was no significant correlation between postoperative pancreatic fistula and postoperative survival(χ 2=1.367, P=0.242). Conclusions:Patients with a smaller pancreatic duct diameter (≤3 mm), soft pancreatic texture, and low postoperative albumin(≤30 g/L) may have a high incidence of pancreatic fistula after PD. Postoperative pancreatic fistula did not significantly affect the patients′ long-term survival.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865133

ABSTRACT

Hepatolithiasis is a common biliary disease in China. Even though there was a great development in the treatment for hepatolithiasis over the past 70 years, its therapeutic effect is frustrating. At present, there is still no recognized and widely accepted guidelines for its diagnosis and treatment. Based on the 40 years of experience and recent advances in the treatment of hepatolithiasis, the author′s team developed a new classification of hepatolithiasis with four types: primary type, inflammatory type, space occupying type, and terminal type. This new classification is a benefit for treatment strategy selection which is consistent with the traditional Chinese medicine theory of "the same disease with different treatment" . This new classification may be helpful to select surgical methods and time individually, in order to improve the therapeutic effect of hepatolithiasis.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865095

ABSTRACT

Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is a group of adenocarcinoma that derives from epithelium of the subbranches of intrahepatic bile ducts, which is characterized by difficulty in early diagnosis, high malignancy and poor prognosis. ICC is relatively rare, but it is the second most common in primary liver cancer, and its incidence has gradually increased worldwide. Radical resection is recognized as the only treatment that can bring better long-term survival currently. However, many surgery-related problems, such as lymph node dissection and major vascular resection and reconstruction, are still controversial. Adjuvant therapy, including chemotherapy, regional therapy, targeted therapy and immunotherapy, has received increasing attention in recent years. Although there is no uniform standard, a large number of related studies have supported its efficacy. In this article, the authors have reviewed the molecular pathogenesis of ICC and advances in treatment.

8.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 589-2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780500

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the experience of complex hepatic artery reconstruction in orthotopic liver transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 7 liver transplantation recipients who underwent complex hepatic artery reconstruction from January 2015 to March 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 4 recipients received classical liver transplantation and 3 cases underwent piggyback liver transplantation. Intraoperative general conditions including anhepatic phase, intraoperative blood loss, hepatic artery anastomosis time and operation time of the recipients were recorded. The clinical prognosis and complications were observed. Results In two donors, variant right hepatic artery was used for vascular reconstruction. The celiac trunk or the common hepatic artery of the donors was anastomosed with the common hepatic artery of the recipients. Iliac artery bypass was employed in 2 cases, and then the hepatic artery of the donors was anastomosed with the abdominal aorta of the recipients. The superior mesenteric artery of 1 donor was end-to-end anastomosed with the common hepatic artery of the recipient. The celiac trunk of 1 donor was anastomosed with the splenic artery of the recipient. Only 1 case was required to undergo secondary liver transplantation due to acute hepatic artery thrombosis after hepatic artery anastomosis. All the 6 recipients successfully completed the liver transplantation. No perioperative death was observed. The anhepatic phase endured from 49 to 77 min. The intraoperative blood loss was ranged from 300 to 1 500 mL. The anastomosis time of hepatic artery was 23-56 min. The operation time was ranged from 5.3 to 11.1 h. The length of postoperative hospital stay was 23-56 d. Neither hepatic artery thrombosis nor stenosis occurred. The liver function of all recipients was basically restored to normal within postoperative 2 weeks. No severe surgical complications occurred. The liver graft achieved excellent function. Conclusions Appropriate identification of the hepatic artery variation, proper management of liver artery of the donors and recipients and reconstructing the blood supply of liver graft are the crucial procedures of liver transplantation.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745808

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate 3D visualization technology in the preoperative planning of hepatic malignancy surgery.Methods The clinical data of 42 patients with hepatic malignancy undergoing radical resection after 3D reconstruction assessment from Feb 2015 to Feb 2018 in our center was retrospectively studied.The predicted resected liver volume were compared with that of resected specimen.Results Surgery was successful in all the 42 patients,and there were no operative deaths.The average operation time was (303 ± 109) minutes,the average intraoperative blood loss was (510 ±482) ml,and 28 patients had intraoperative hepatic inflew occlusion.Postoperative Clavien Ⅲ complications occurred in 4 cases.In terms of the resection liver volume,there was no significant difference between the predicted results (PELV) and actual results [resection liver volume (AELV):(1 143 ± 584) ml vs.(1 091 ± 570) ml,t =0.414,P > 0.05].There is a strong positive correlation between AELV and PELV (r =0.996,P < 0.01).PELV was highly consistent with AELV data (ICC =0.998).Conclusion Three-dimensional visualization technology can accurately reflect the anatomic relationship between intrahepatic tumors and vessels,and correctly assess liver volume,guide surgical resection,thus,it can instruct radical resection of liver malignancy.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743979

ABSTRACT

With the development of diagnostic and screening technologies,the incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with extrahepatic metastasis is increasing and surgical rate is also increasing.There is currently no standard of treatment.Four famous experts and their teams in hepatic surgery discussed reasonability of surgical treatment for HCC with extrahepatic metastasis based on clinical experiences.Professor Geng Xiaoping suggested that HCC with extrahepatic metastasis was classified as advanced HCC,however,under the premise of strict control of indications,selective patients undergoing comprehensive treatment combined with surgical procedures could achieve good prognosis.For some rare liver malignancies,active surgical treatment for extrahepatic metastasis based on comprehensive treatment was recommended.Professor Zhou Jian proposed that resection of intrahepatic lesions in HCC with extrahepatic metastasis should be based on the premise of whether to prolong the survival of patients.He advocated choice of individualized treatment and comprehensive treatment of multiple methods to benefit patients' survival.The necessary intrahepatic lesion resection was a positive and feasible treatment strategy.Professor Wang Jie shared the diagnosis and treatment of 2 patients with HCC and extrahepatic metastasis,suggested that primary tumor resection might have a favorable impact on the prognosis of these patients with resectable primary tumors.Therefore,surgical treatment was important for HCC patients with extrahepatic metastasis,and surgical therapy combined with personalized systemic treatment showed survival benefit for selected patients.Professor Zhou Weiping recommended that choosing surgery for HCC with extrahepatic metastasis should be extraordinarily cautious.Priority should be given to improving the survival rate of patients.In the case of effective control or complete necrosis of extrahepatic metastases,hepatic primary tumor resection was still the current mainstream opinion.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733574

ABSTRACT

Many clinicians have the following 4 misconceptions about the incidence and epedemil trend of gallbladder cancer.(1) The incidence of gallbladder cancer and extrahepatic bile duct carcinoma is considered as the incidence of gallbladder cancer.(2) The gallbladder cancer is the common malignant tumor of the digestive system.(3) The gallbladder cancer is the most common malignant tumor of biliary tract system.(4) The incidence of gallbladder cancer is increasing year by year.Based on the latest annual report of the 2016 Chinese Cancer Registry Annual Report,published by the National Cancer Center (NCCR),combined with previous annual reports and the data of the incidence of gallbladder and extrahepatic bile duct cancer in the related articles,supplemented by clinical data,the author points out that the incidence of gallbladder cancer in China is about 1.00-1.30 per 100 000.It is pointed out that gallbladder cancer is not the most common cancer in the digestive and biliary systems.The incidence of gallbladder cancer has not been significantly increased in recent years,and its 5-year relative survival rate has been reduced by 0.9% since 2003.Although the incidence of gallbladder cancer is low,the malignant degree is high and the prognosis is poor.It highlights the lack of effective treatment for the disease,and further hints that we should strengthen the necessity of early diagnosis and treatment of gallbladder cancer.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709906

ABSTRACT

Retrospective analysis of clinical data was conducted in the patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism( SHPT) undergone parathyroidectomy ( PTX ) in our department from September 2015 to September 2016. Uni- and multivariate analyses were conducted to define independent influencing factors for persistent severe hypocalcemia. The results showed that 27 cases(31% ) suffered from persistent severe hypocalcemia in a total of 87 patients. Univariate analysis revealed that age, weight, hospitalization time after operation, the year of increased serum creatinine, preoperative alkaline phosphatase ( ALP), preoperative intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH), preoperative albumin, postoperative 1 d serum calcium and phosphorus level, renal hypertension, and degeneration of bone were risk factors of persistent severe hypocalcemia. Multivariate analysis revealed that the year of increased serum creatinine, preoperative ALP, and preoperative albumin were the independent influence factors for persistent severe hypocalcemia.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607624

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the perioperative outcomes of laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) versus open liver resection (OLR) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods A total of 89 HCC patients undergoing liver resection between January 2012 and November 2016 were enrolled.Nonparametric tests were employed to compare the clinicalpathological characters and preoperative outcomes.Results No significant difference was observed in clinicalpathological features and postoperative morbidity.LLR group had shorter hospital stay (Z =4.642,P <0.01),lower serum ALT level in 1st,3rd and 5 day (Z =2.157,3.089,2.384,all P <0.05) and AST level in 1st-and 3rd-day postoperatively (Z =2.688,2.566,all P <0.05).The growth rate in serum total protein (TP) and albumin (ALB) postoperatively is higher for LLR group (y =2.348 4x + 51.696 vs.y =0.902 9 + 35.532),(y =1.539 9x + 29.68 vs.y =0.732 9x + 30.406).Conclusion LLR allows quicker liver function recovery and shortens patients' postoperative hospital stay.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507641

ABSTRACT

With the era of precision hepatic surgery coming,the hepatic surgery has been promoted to brand-new level,which would be more accurate and meticulous.However,all those advances,such as super-thin computed tomography scan,three-dimensional imaging and the technology of threedimensional printing,have not promoted the clinic results for patients overtly.The optimal curative effect could be attained,if there is a perfect combination of operators' experience and those advanced imaging.For two issues,the time of vascular inflow occlusion and residual hepatic volume,operators could flexiblely use of clinic existing researches with surgical team and instruments according to the medical condition of patients.Precision hepatic surgery could be promoted to a higher level through constantly clinical research and innovations.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610847

ABSTRACT

Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) is a common complication in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF).Medical treatment may be the first choice for most SHPT patients,but parathyroidectomy (PTX) is neededwhen medical treatment doesn't work in patients with refractory SHPT.However,there is no strong evidence to support which surgical procedure is the most effective one for patients with SHPT.An interdisciplinary discussion between nephrologists and surgeons is needed when choosing a preferred surgical method for refractory SHPT patients.The factors must be discussed including:the patient's age,the underlying kidney disease,clinical symptoms,the level of intact parathyroid hormones (iPTH) and blood calcium,the patient's ability to obtain and comply with medication treatment and the estimated duration of dialysis before kidney transplantation.Refractory SHPT patients will benefit from the surgical operation treatment and reoperation of recurrent SHPT is still an ideal treatment method.

16.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 1031-1033, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505265

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate natural killer(NK) and NKT cells in acute pancreatitis(AP).Methods Changes of NK and NKT cells in peripheral blood of 86 AP cases were detected using muhiparameter flow cytometry.Results Compared with control group,the NKT cells decreased in AP patients (t =5.23,P =0.00),but NK cells didn't (t =-1.15,P =0.25).NKT cells in severe SAP and mnoderate MAP were lower than that in the control group (t =-3.92,P =0.00;t =4.84,P =0.00).There was no statistically significant difference of NK cells between MAP and the controls (t =-0.54,P =0.59),but NK cells in SAP group was obviously higher than that in control group (t =3.12,P =0.00).After one week treatment,NK cells significantly decreased (t =8.43,P =0.00).NKT cells were higher than control group (t =-4.44,P =0.00).Dynamic monitoring in AP patients found continuous declination in NK cells,and NKT cells experienced an increase before a falling.Conclusion Monitoring of NK and NKT cells can be used as an important index for the severity and response to treatment in acute pancreatitis.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-490495

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the reasons,surgical procedures and prognosis of multiple-operations for intra-and extrahepatic cholangiolithiasis.Methods The retrospective cohort study was adopted.The clinical data of 85 patients with intra-and extrahepatic cholangiolithiasis who underwent multiple-operations at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University from January 2006 to January 2015 were collected.Individualized operations were determined according to the distribution of stones and liver functional reserve,including stones removal by incising bile duct and external biliary drainage,Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy and hepatolobectomy or segmental hepatectomy.The treatment followed the principles as complete removal of stones,complete resection of lesions,correction of stenosis and adequate drainage.Bile was extracted during operation for bacilli culture.Patients received the postoperative symptomatic treatments,including anti-inflammation,hemostasis,liver protection,acid inhibition and nutritional support.The observation indicators included reoperation reasons,operation method,operation time,volume of intraoperative blood loss and transfusion,hepatic inflow occlusion,stone clearance rate,postoperative complications and treatments,bacilli culture of bile,results of pathological examination and duration of hospital stay,results of follow-up.The follow-up using outpatient examination and telephone interview was performed to detect postoperative living conditions and results of abdominal ultrasound once every 3 or 6 months in patients without stone residue and once every 1 month in patients with stone residue from postoperative week 6 to December 2015.Measurement data with normal distribution and with skewed distribution were represented as x ± s and M (range),respectively.Results (1) Reasons of reoperation:85 patients had stone residue or recurrence,including 7 combined with stenosis of bilioenteric anastomosis,5 with secondary malignant biliary tumors and 2 with gastrointestinal stromal tumor invading intrahepatic bile duct.(2) Intraoperative status of reoperation:of 85 patients,25 received partial hepatectomy + stones removal by incising common bile duct + choledochoscopy exploration + T-tube drainage,21 received partial hepatectomy + stones removal by incising common bile duct + choledochoscopy exploration + Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy,13 received stones removal by incising common bile duct + choledochoscopy exploration + T-tube drainage,8 received stones removal by incising common bile duct + choledochoscopy exploration + Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy,5 received partial hepatectomy + removal of former bilioenteric anastomosis + choledochoscopy exploration + T-tube drainage,4 received former intestinal Y-loop resection + stones removal by choledochoscopy + Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy,3 received stones removal by incising intrahepatic bile duct + choledochoscopy exploration + T-tube drainage,3 received partial hepatectomy + residual gallbladder resection + stones removal by incising common bile duct + choledochoscopy exploration + Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy,2 received partial hepatectomy + residual gallbladder resection + stones removal by incising common bile duct + choledochoscopy exploration + T-tube drainage and 1 received residual gallbladder resection + removal of former bilioenteric anastomosis + choledochoscopy exploration + Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy.Operation time and volume of intraoperative blood loss of the 85 patients were (259 ± 66) minutes and (180 ± 142) mL,respectively.Seven patients underwent intraoperative blood transfusion and 17 underwent first hepatic hilum occlusion.ALl the 85 patients received intraoperative choledochoscopy exploration.The immediate and final stone clearance rates were 62.4% (53/85) and 87.0% (67/77).(3) Postoperative status of reoperations:of 85 patients,45 had postoperative complications.Sixteen patients with incision infection were improved by wound drainage and dressing,anti-infection and supporting treatments without other treatments.Ten patients with pleural effusion were out of hospital after effective anti-infection and nutritional support treatments.Eight patients with biliary fistula were discharged from hospital after abdominal drainage.Six patients with incision infection combined with pleural effusion were discharged from hospital after wound drainage and dressing,anti-infection and nutritional support treatments.Among 5 patients with bile duct bleeding,1 was self-healing,1 underwent reoperation and 3 were improved by conservative treatment.The bacilli culture of bile in 68 patients was positive,and bacteria mainly consisted of Escherichia coli,Enterobacter cloacae,Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella pneumoniae.Of 85 patients,78,5 and 2 patients were respectively confirmed with hepatolithiasis,bile duct cell adenocarcinoma combined with stone recurrence and choledocholithiasis combined with interstitialoma by pathological examination.Duration of hospital stay was (21 ±8)days.(4) Results of follow-up:77 patients were followed up for a median time of 32 months (range,6-108 months) with an overall follow-up rate of 90.6% (77/85).During follow-up,50 patients had good survival,27 had poor survival including 11 with stone residue,9 with stone recurrence and 7 with bile duct canceration,and 7 died of no operation of secondary tumors.Conclusions Stone residue and recurrence are the main reasons for reoperation.The individualized surgical methods are determined according to preoperative stone distribution,with or without atrophy of liver lobe,with or without canceration and condition of liver function,which can increase the stone clerance rate,reduce the stone residue and recurrence rates and avoid reoperation.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489389

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the clinical effect of total parathyroidectomy with subcutaneous autotransplantation (TPTX + AT) in the treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism(SHPT) in patients with chronic renal failure.Methods One hundred and thirty-four patients undergoing TPTX + AT in our hospital from January 2013 to October 2014 were includud in this study.The preoperative,postoperative and follow-up intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH),serum calcium,serum phosphorus and calcium-phosphorus product were statistically analyzed.The Kidney Disease Quality of Life Short Form (KDQOL-SFTM) scale was used to evaluate quality of life before and one year after parathyroidectomy.Postoperative complications and recurrence were observed.Results Postoperative iPTH,serum calcium,serum phosphorus and calciumphosphorus product decreased significantly compared with that before surgery.The difference had statistical significance (all P < 0.05).One patient died in perioperative period.Temporary injury of recurrent laryngeal nerve was found in eight patients.Early postoperative hypocalcemia was frequently seen in 124 patients (92.5%) and in 7 cases (5.2%) occured intractable hypocalcemia.The quality of life was significantly improved one year after parathyroidectomy.Recurrence developed in 5 patients after operation.Conclusions TPTX + AT is safe and effective in the treatment of SHPT in patients with chronic renal failure and can significantly improve the patient's quality of life.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-477421

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the complication and long-term efficacy of standard and extended pancreaticoduodenectomy for carcinoma of the head of pancreas by meta-analysis.Methods A literature search was performed of PubMed,Web of Science,Springer,WanFang,CNKI and CBMDisc databases from January 1990 to August 2014.Qualitative analysis of these literatures was conducted using Jadad evaluation.Patients with pancreatic head carcinoma undergoing extended radical resection and standard radical resection were divided into treatment group (extended pancreaticoduodenectomy group,EPD) and control group (standard pancreaticoduodenectomy group,SPD),respectively.Based on the heterogeneity test,meta-analysis of a fixed-or random-effect model were used.Results A total of 5 studies suitable for the selection criteria were chosen,involving 597 patients (299 in EPDs and 298 in SPDs).The results of meta-analysis showed that the EPDs have significantly longer operative time (MD =64.36,95% CI =23.88-104.85,P =0.002) and more dissected lymph nodes (MD =16.45,95% CI =9.61-23.29,P < 0.000 01) than SPDs.There was no statistical difference (OR =1.76,95 % CI =0.66-4.65,P =0.26) in postoperative complications (46.3% vs 36.0%) mortality (OR =1.31,95% CI =0.47-3.69,P =0.61),1-year survival rate (OR =0.70,95 % CI =0.49-0.99,P =0.05),3-year survival rate (OR =0.79,95% CI =0.55-1.15,P =0.22),and 5-year survival rate (OR =-0.02,95% CI =-0.17-0.12,P =0.77).Conclusions Compared with standard radical resection,extended radical resection for pancreatic head carcinoma does not prolong the postoperative 1-,3-,and 5-year survival rates with comparable postoperative mortality and morbidity and prolonged operative time.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-470219

ABSTRACT

Biliary cystic tumors (BCTs) are rare cystic tumors and are accounted for less than 5% of liver cysts.BCTs are very common in middle-aged and elderly women,and depend on diagnosis of imaging including papillary projection or multilocular cystic liver mass.BCTs are frequently misdiagnosed due to the absence of specific diagnostic indicators,which should differentiate from diagnosis of hepatic cystic.Complete surgical resection is the first choice for BCTs with a good out-come,in addition to low recurrence.Once recurrence was identified in follow-up,BCTs can be treated by reoperation with a good outcome.

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