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1.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 1155-1163, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005611

ABSTRACT

【Objective:】 To compare and analyze the trends and hotspots in the field of medical ethics at home and abroad, and explore their teaching enlightenment for medical ethics in China. 【Methods:】 The relevant papers indexed in CNKI and Web of Science database from December 31, 2011 to December 31, 2022 were retrieved with "medical ethics" as the key word. The bibliometric method was used to compare and analyze the research trends, keyword co-occurrence, and changes of research hotspots of medical ethics at home and abroad. 【Results:】 A total of 1,187 Chinese and English papers were included. Medical ethics education and bioethics were the common research topics both domestically and internationally. The research topics in China focused on ethical teaching and the ethical principles in clinical practice, and the research hotspots in the past two years were curriculum ideological and political education, teaching practice, etc. Foreign research focused on ethical issues in clinical practice, and in the past two years, the hotspots were clinical trial ethics, informed consent, and so on. 【Conclusion:】 Medical ethics research at home and abroad has different emphasis, with domestic research being theoretical oriented and foreign research being practical oriented. By deepening the content of courses, improving the sustainable education system, and strengthening interdisciplinary cooperation, the development of ethical education in China can be promoted. This paper can provide reference for improving the education system of medical ethics in China and pointing out the direction of further research on medical ethics.

2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1430-1438, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980942

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#This study aimed to develop a comprehensive instrument for evaluating and ranking clinical practice guidelines, named Scientific, Transparent and Applicable Rankings tool (STAR), and test its reliability, validity, and usability.@*METHODS@#This study set up a multidisciplinary working group including guideline methodologists, statisticians, journal editors, clinicians, and other experts. Scoping review, Delphi methods, and hierarchical analysis were used to develop the STAR tool. We evaluated the instrument's intrinsic and interrater reliability, content and criterion validity, and usability.@*RESULTS@#STAR contained 39 items grouped into 11 domains. The mean intrinsic reliability of the domains, indicated by Cronbach's α coefficient, was 0.588 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.414, 0.762). Interrater reliability as assessed with Cohen's kappa coefficient was 0.774 (95% CI: 0.740, 0.807) for methodological evaluators and 0.618 (95% CI: 0.587, 0.648) for clinical evaluators. The overall content validity index was 0.905. Pearson's r correlation for criterion validity was 0.885 (95% CI: 0.804, 0.932). The mean usability score of the items was 4.6 and the median time spent to evaluate each guideline was 20 min.@*CONCLUSION@#The instrument performed well in terms of reliability, validity, and efficiency, and can be used for comprehensively evaluating and ranking guidelines.


Subject(s)
Humans , Reproducibility of Results , Surveys and Questionnaires , Practice Guidelines as Topic
3.
STOMATOLOGY ; (12): 228-232, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979359

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the condylar and inclination of the occlusal plane features in skeletal Class Ⅲ malocclusion patients with mandibular asymmetry by using cone beam computed tomography(CBCT).@* Methods@#Forty eligible patients with Angle Class Ⅲ malocclusion were enrolled. All individuals were classified based on the distance from Me point to median sagittal plane. The left and right angles between OP and FH plane, the position and morphology of the condyle were measured in both groups.Then the data collected were statistically analyzed. @* Results@#Compared to the opposite side, there was a statistically significant difference(P<0.05) in angle between OP and FH plane, the anterior joint space, superior joint space, lateral joint space and condylar mediolateral diameter, with a higher proportion of joint posteriority in deviated side. Mandibular deviations were positively correlated with both the anterior joint space of the deviated side and the angle between OP and FH plane of the opposite side(P<0.01). There was no statistical difference between the left and right side of angles between OP and FH plane, the position and morphology of the condyle in skeletal Class Ⅲ patients without mandibular deviation(P>0.05); the joint was predominantly in anterior and middle position. @*Conclusion@#There is asymmetry on the left and right sides of the inclination ofocclusal plane, the position and morphology of the condyle of skeletal Class Ⅲ malocclusion patients with mandibular asymmetry. Compared with the opposite side, the deviated side has smaller angle between OP and FH plane and smaller condylar mediolateral diameter, and the condyle shows generally more posterior, inferior and inward movement in glenoid fossa. The inclination of the occlusal plane and the position of condyle are significantly and positively correlated with the distance from Me point to median sagittal plane.

4.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 461-466, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992118

ABSTRACT

Many studies have found a correlation between suicidal behavior (SB) and anhedonia, the main symptom of depression, in terms of both psychological and neurophysiological findings. The purpose of this review is to find the relationship between the two neuroimaging mechanisms, and to provide help for the future study of how the brain imaging changes can promote the mechanism of SB in depression patients with anhedonia symptoms. This review also emphasizes the necessity of intervention for the symptoms of anhedonia when preventing depression from committing suicide. The latest research results were reviewed about anhedonia in depression and magnetic resonance imaging of SB.The results showed that the default network, insula, lateral orbitofrontal gyrus, anterior cingulate gyrus, ventral striatum gyrus, ventral lateral and dorsolateral prefrontal gyrus, thalamus and habenula nucleus were dysfunction in depression with state anhedonia symptoms, affecting SB in terms of mood, execution, reward and aversion processing, especially the low lethal SB.

5.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 1159-1161, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004322

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To analyze and evaluate the application of intelligent voice call technology (IVCT) in the recall of lost blood donors, so as to provide references for the intelligent development of blood donor recruitment. 【Methods】 SMS, human telephone and IVCT were used to recall the lost blood donors from 2016 to 2018, and the recall results were statistically analyzed. 【Results】 20 406 blood donors were recalled from August 20 to December 30, 2020 through 1 029 human telephones, 7 571 automated calls, and 11 806 SMSs, and 4.81%(32/665), 3.44%(51/1 484) and 1.17%(138/11 806) of them responded. There was no significant difference in the recall effect between human telephones and automated calls. The one-year-lapsed blood donors responded about 3 times of those lapsed for 2~4 years (5.97/2.02). 【Conclusion】 The application of IVCT can make up for the shortages of high demand, much interference and long time consuming of human telephones, reduce the labor intensity, improve the efficiency of blood donor recruitment, and promote the recall of lapsed blood donors.

6.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 980-989, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911918

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the pathological spectrum and variation of adult renal biopsies in People's Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region from 1986 to 2020.Methods:The pathological data of 5 652 adult renal biopsies from August 1986 to December 2020 were retrospectively collected, and characteristics of pathological spectrum were analyzed. Regarding every 5 years as a research stage, the whole period was divided into 7 stages to analyze the pathological features and variation of renal biopsies. The first stage (P1) started from August 1986 to December 1990. The second stage (P2) started from January 1991 to December 1995. The third stage (P3) started from January 1996 to December 2000. The fourth stage (P4) started from January 2001 to December 2005. The fifth stage (P5) started from January 2006 to December 2010. The sixth stage (P6) started from January 2011 to December 2015. The seventh stage (P7) started from January 2016 to December 2020.Results:The age was (36.47±14.86) years old (18-83 years old) in 5 652 renal biopsies. There were 2 961 males (52.39%). There were 5 636 cases of autologous kidney biopsy and 16 cases of transplanted kidney biopsy. The descending order of incidence classified by disease types were primary glomerular disease (PGD, 4 470 cases, 79.31%), secondary glomerular disease (SGD, 994 cases, 17.64%), tubular-interstitial disease (160 cases, 2.84%), and hereditary nephropathy (12 cases, 0.21%). IgA nephropathy (IgAN, 1 573 cases, 35.19%) was the most frequent pathologic type of PGD, followed by membranous nephropathy (MN, 1 028 cases, 23.00%), mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis (MsPGN, 878 cases, 19.64%), minimal change disease (MCD, 427 cases, 9.55%), and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (345 cases, 7.72%). Lupus nephritis (LN, 251 cases, 25.25%) was the most common type of SGD, followed by hypertension nephropathy (193 cases, 19.42%), diabetic kidney disease (168 cases, 16.90%), purpura nephritis (138 cases, 13.88%), and ischemic nephropathy (90 cases, 9.05%). IgAN was the most common type of primary glomerulonephritis and mainly occurred in the age group of 18-59 years old. PGD was the most common glomerular disease in Han nationality (78.33%), Uygur nationality (81.72%) and other ethnic (77.15%) groups. Using Bonferroni correction method, the incidence of PGD in Uygur nationality was higher than that in Han nationality ( P<0.017). From P1 to P7, the detection rates of MN and MCD were increased in common renal pathological types, meanwhile, the ratio of MsPGN was decreased (all P<0.05). From P5 to P7, the detection rates of MN in Han nationality and Uygur nationality increased in the common pathological types of PGD, meanwhile, the ratio of MsPGN decreased (all P<0.05). LN was the most common SGD. The incidence of LN in females was higher than that in males ( P<0.001). Using Bonferroni correction method, the incidence of SGD in Uygur nationality was lower than that in Han nationality ( P<0.017). There was no significant variation in the common pathological type of SGD in Han and Uygur nationalities. Chronic rejection was the main pathological type of transplanted kidney biopsies. Conclusions:PGD is the main type of kidney disease spectrum in People's Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. IgAN is the most common PGD and mainly occurrs in the age group of 18-59 years old. As time goes by, the proportion of MN and MCD is increased, meanwhile the proportion of MsPGN is decreased significantly. LN is the most common SGD.

7.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (24): 165-169, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787721

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to evaluate the application of carbon nanoparticle lymphatic tracer in total thyroidectomy and bilateral Central District's thyroidectomy for papillary thyroid carcinoma. Sixty-four patients with cN0 papillary thyroid carcinoma that primary treated were random divided into two groups: Trial group and control group. Carbon nanoparticles suspension was injected into the thyroid gland of trial group patients.After ten minutes, total thyroidectomy plus bilateral central neck dissection was performed in the all patients. The black stained tissue in the dissection specimen of trial group was separated. The control group underwent total thyroidectomy plus bilateral central neck dissection. Total lymph node and parathyroid gland in the black stained tissue,and non-black stained tissue in the central compartment dissection specimen of trial group and central compartment dissection specimen of control group were counted respectively.Total lymph node, the mis-cut parathyroid glands in the adipose tissue of central lymph node,post-operative blood calcium and parathyroid hormone(PTH)of two groups were contrasted and analyzed. There are 235 lymph nodes in the black-stained tissue of central compartment dissection specimen of trial group.No parathyroid gland was found in the black-stained tissue.Five lymph nodes and 2 parathyroid glands were found in the non-black stained tissue of central compartment dissection specimen of trial group. There were 164 lymph nodes and 9 parathyroid glands in central compartment dissection specimen of control group. There is statistic difference between the number of lymph nodes in black stain tissue and that of control group(=8.291, =0.000).Rate of staining lymph node were 97.9 percent. No parathyroid glands were found in the black stained tissue. Nine mis-cut parathyroid glands(7.0%) were observed in the control group,while 2(1.6%) in the trial group(<0.05).None permanent hypocalcemia and PTH decrease were observed in the two groups.There were 10 patients(31.3%) with temporary hypocalcemia and 9 patients(28.1%)with temporary PTH decrease respectively in the control group,and there was 1 patient(3.1%) and 1 patient(3.1%) respectively in the trial group(<0.05). The effect of nano-carbon is ideal, and the parathyroid gland can not be stained black. It can distinguish the thyroid tissue from the surrounding lymphoid adipose tissue and clearly mark the Central District lymph nodes, reduce the risk of parathyroid gland injury during thyroid cancer. Neck dissection in the central region can improve the efficiency of lymph node dissection, protect the parathyroid gland and reduce the risk of postoperative complications.

8.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 866-869, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872377

ABSTRACT

Preventive treatment of diseases is a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) concept that conforms to the demand of modern healthcare emphasizing prevention. This concept, however, calls for close and orderly collaboration between general hospitals and primary community healthcare institutions, in order to encourage coordinated regional development. The authors described the new healthcare mode of " One Center, One Platform, and One Network" jointly built and run by Dongguan Municipal Health Bureau and Dongguan TCM Hospital. This practice has pioneered a full-range, closed-loop and one-stop service chain featuring preventive treatment. Such an innovative TCM health management system has realized information interconnection of preventive treatment, and upgraded the capacity and effectiveness of community medical services, hence expanding the number of beneficiaries.

9.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 953-959, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870202

ABSTRACT

In recent years, osteoporosis (OP) has become one of the main diseases affecting the health of middle-aged and elderly people in China, and the prevalence of OP has increased significantly. The clinical diagnosis and treatment guidelines for this disease are also constantly updated. The overall principles speciallyemphasise that doctors and patients need to work together to negotiate the details of the diagnosis and treatment guidelines, in order to improve the OP clinical diagnosis and treatment rate. Therefore, patients′ knowledge of the disease, understanding of clinical guidelines, and cooperation with doctors to implement diagnosis and treatment plans are very important. In this study, from the most concerned issues of the patients, we established the OP patient practice guideline working group. 14 recommendations, as the OP patient practice guidelines, are proposed in accordance with the relevant principles of the "World Health Organization guidelines development manual" and the international normative process.

10.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 772-780, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870191

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the clinical guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have been constantly updated. Among the general principles, it is particularly emphasized that, in order to improve the ratio of treat to target(T2T) of RA, doctors and patients should work together to negotiate the details of the guidelines. Therefore, it is important for patients to further understand the disease and clinical guidelines of RA, and to better cooperate with doctors. This study was based on the most concerned issues of RA patients and international standard procedure of guideline study, we organized the working group and introduce the following 16 recommendations constituting the RA patients′ practice guidelines.

11.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 519-527, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870169

ABSTRACT

Hyperuricemia/gout is a common metabolic disease in China, which is a serious threat to people′s health. In clinical practice, the standardization of prevention and diagnosis and the rate of treat-to-target need to be improved. There is still a lack of education for the patients about the understanding of clinical guidelines, the disease knowledge and the importance of cooperating with doctors to carry out diagnosis and treatment. From the most concerned issues of the patients, we established the hyperuricemia/gout patient practice guideline working group with multidisciplinary physicians and patients. Seventeen opinions, as the hyperuricemia/gout patient practice guidelines, are proposed in accordance with the relevant principles of the "WHO guidelines development manual" , and with the international normative process, aiming to improve the patients compliance, improve the level of health management of the disease.

12.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 511-518, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870167

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the clinical experts consensuses or guidelines of ankylosing spondylitis (AS)/spondyloarthritis (SpA) have been constantly updated, but to better understand and practice, patient self-participation management is one of the key points to improve the level of diagnosis and treatment. Through questionnaire survey of these patients, we screened out the most concerned issues, and established the AS/SpA patient practice guideline working group with multidisciplinary physicians and patients. Fifteen opinions, as the AS/SpA patient practice guidelines, are proposed in accordance with the relevant principles of the "WHO guidelines development manual" , and with the international normative process.

13.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (24): 165-169, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821529

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The aim of this study is to evaluate the application of carbon nanoparticle lymphatic tracer in total thyroidectomy and bilateral Central District's thyroidectomy for papillary thyroid carcinoma.@*Method@#Sixty-four patients with cN0 papillary thyroid carcinoma that primary treated were random divided into two groups: Trial group and control group. Carbon nanoparticles suspension was injected into the thyroid gland of trial group patients.After ten minutes, total thyroidectomy plus bilateral central neck dissection was performed in the all patients. The black stained tissue in the dissection specimen of trial group was separated. The control group underwent total thyroidectomy plus bilateral central neck dissection. Total lymph node and parathyroid gland in the black stained tissue,and non-black stained tissue in the central compartment dissection specimen of trial group and central compartment dissection specimen of control group were counted respectively.Total lymph node, the mis-cut parathyroid glands in the adipose tissue of central lymph node,post-operative blood calcium and parathyroid hormone(PTH)of two groups were contrasted and analyzed.@*Result@#There are 235 lymph nodes in the black-stained tissue of central compartment dissection specimen of trial group.No parathyroid gland was found in the black-stained tissue.Five lymph nodes and 2 parathyroid glands were found in the non-black stained tissue of central compartment dissection specimen of trial group. There were 164 lymph nodes and 9 parathyroid glands in central compartment dissection specimen of control group. There is statistic difference between the number of lymph nodes in black stain tissue and that of control group(t=8.291, P=0.000).Rate of staining lymph node were 97.9 percent. No parathyroid glands were found in the black stained tissue. Nine mis-cut parathyroid glands(7.0%) were observed in the control group,while 2(1.6%) in the trial group(P<0.05).None permanent hypocalcemia and PTH decrease were observed in the two groups.There were 10 patients(31.3%) with temporary hypocalcemia and 9 patients(28.1%)with temporary PTH decrease respectively in the control group,and there was 1 patient(3.1%) and 1 patient(3.1%) respectively in the trial group(P<0.05). @*Conclusion@#The effect of nano-carbon is ideal, and the parathyroid gland can not be stained black. It can distinguish the thyroid tissue from the surrounding lymphoid adipose tissue and clearly mark the Central District lymph nodes, reduce the risk of parathyroid gland injury during thyroid cancer. Neck dissection in the central region can improve the efficiency of lymph node dissection, protect the parathyroid gland and reduce the risk of postoperative complications.

14.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 25-29, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-732680

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expressions of BAP1 and TET2 proteins in bone marrow of patients with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) and their relationship with the prognosis of CMML. Methods The bone marrow paraffin specimens of 41 cases from 41 adult CMML patients diagnosed by Shanghai Sino-US Joint Leukemia Coordination Group from September 2003 to May 2007 were collected. The immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expressions of BAP1 and TET2 proteins in 41 CMML patients. The expressions of TET2 and BAP1 proteins were also detected by the same method in 40 adult patients with acute myelomonocytic leukemia (AMML) and 20 patients with iron deficiency anemia (IDA) diagnosed at the same time as the comparison. The clinical data of 41 CMML patients were analyzed by using retrospective cohort study. The count data were compared by using chi-square test. The correlation between expressions of BAP1 and TET2 proteins was analyzed by using Pearson correlation analysis. Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the survival time, and Log-rank test was used for single factor analysis. Results In 41 CMML patients, the positive expression rate of BAP1 was 31.7% (13/41), including 28.6% (8/28) in CMML-1 patients and 38.5% (5/13) in CMML-2 patients; the positive expression rate of TET2 was 41.5% (17/41), including 39.3% (11/28) in CMML-1 patients and 46.2% (6/13) in CMML-2 patients. In 40 AMML patients, the positive expression rate of BAP1 was 32.5% (13/40), and the positive expression rate of TET2 was 35.0% (14/40). In 20 IDA patients, the positive expression rate of BAP1 was 5.0% (1/20), and TET2 had no positive expression. There was no significant difference in the expressions of BAP1 and TET2 proteins between CMML-1 and CMML-2 patients (χ 2 = 0.40, P = 0.53; χ 2 = 0.17, P = 0.68). There was no significant difference in the expressions of BAP1 and TET2 proteins between CMML and AMML patients (χ 2 = 0.01, P = 0.94; χ 2 = 0.36, P = 0.64). There were significant differences in the positive expression rate of BAP1 and TET2 proteins between hematological neoplastic disease (CMML+AMML) and hematological non-neoplastic disease (IDA) (χ 2 = 6.01, P < 0.05; χ 2 = 11.04, P < 0.01). Pearson correlation analysis showed that there was no correlation between expressions of BAP1 and TET2 proteins (r = 0.35, P = 0.27). Univariate analysis showed that anemia (Hb < 60 g/L), mature monocyte count ≥ 2.0×109/L, neutrophil count (1.5×109/L), abnormal karyotype were associated with poor prognosis for CMML. Protein expressions of BAP1 and TET2 were not related with the prognosis of CMML (χ 2 = 0.28, P = 0.600; χ 2 = 0.53, P = 0.460). Conclusion Both BAP1 and TET2 proteins have high positive expression rates in CMML patients, but the expressions of them are not related to the prognosis.

15.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 693-699, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706110

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate and analyze the attitude and its influencing factors of traditional knowledge of Chinese medicine among students in a Traditional Chinese Medicine ( TCM) college in Shaanxi Province, and provide scientific evidence for improving the relevant institution and policies. Method:A stratified cluster sampling method was used to conduct a questionnaire survey of 1,162 students in a TCM college in Shaanxi Province. Rank sum test and multiple linear regression model were used to explore the factors affecting the attitude of students. Result:The score of attitudes towards TCM protection was(43. 09 ± 6. 50), while specialty, parental education, family members' attitudes towards TCM, evaluation of courses in TCM, had taken related courses or not, clinical practice or internship experience of TCM, and the score of correlative knowledge were the influencing factors of attitudes ( P<0 . 05 ) . Conclusion:Students of this school had a relatively positive attitude towards the protection of traditional knowledge of Chinese medicine. In order to cultivate the fresh troop for the development of TCM, it is suggested that the system of TCM courses and textbooks should be reformed so as to improve students' enthusiasm for protecting traditional knowledge of Chinese medicine and establishing a special institution.

16.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 171-173, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705799

ABSTRACT

Most of clinicians'researches are investigator-initiated clinical trial.There is a great difficulty in not knowing what to choose.Clinicians can think about the etiology and incidence, treatment effect evaluation, diagnostic methods and prognosis prediction.Clinicians can also find topics from clinical practice, from clinical guidelines, from literature and from different perspectives.If there is no high quality level of research evidence, it can be used as a research topic.

17.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 790-796, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697094

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of internet-based cognitive behavior therapy MoodGYM on adolescents and college students with depression symptoms through Meta-analysis. Methods Databases as Web of Science, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, Chinese Biomedical Database, China National Knowledge Internet and Wanfang were searched from their establishment to January 2017 for collecting randomized controlled trails and clinical controlled trails about MoodGYM for adolescents and college students with depression symptoms. Two reviewers independently selected studies,extracted data and assessed risk of bias.RevMan 5.3 software was used to perform Meat-analysis. Results Seven studies involving 1 632 participants were included.The results of Meta-analysis showed that the score of depression, anxiety and negative automatic thoughts in MoodGYM arm was lower than control arm, the statistic results: standardized mean difference=-0.45, 95% CI-0.82--0.07, P=0.02;mean difference=-7.36,95% CI-11.88--2.85,P=0.001;mean difference=-18.06,95% CI-26.44--9.68, P<0.01, the difference between experiment arm and control arm was significant. Conclusions MoodGYM can contribute to improve depression, anxiety and negative automatic thought of adolescents and college students. This intervention should be further examined by high-quality, large-sample randomized controlled trails.

18.
Journal of Practical Stomatology ; (6): 580-583, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668156

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the change of Porphyromonas gingivalis (P.gingivalis) in rat gingival crivicular tluid (GCF) under chronic intermittent hypoxia.Methods:32 male SD rats were randomly divided into 4 groups (n =8):normoxia control group (A),normoxia with periodontitis group (B),intermittent hypoxia group(C),and intermittent hypoxia with periodontitis (D).Periodontitis model was established by orthodontic silk ligation at the maxillary second molar neck and high sugar diet.The rats in normoxia and hypoxia group were raised respectively under the condition of ordinary oxygen and chronic intermittent hypoxia respectively.After 8 weeks,GCF of the target teeth was collected,P.gingivalis was quantified by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR.Results:P.gingivalis was detected in all groups.P.gingivalis in group D was more than in other groups(P <0.05);meanwhile,P.gingivalis in group B was more than in group A(P <0.05).Conclusion:Chronic intermittent hypoxia can aggravate the severity of periodontitis,which is associated with the increase of P.gingivalis in GCF.

19.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 619-625, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619273

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the current status of emotion regulation self-efficacy and self-esteem,to explore the influencing factors and the correlation among middle school students,thus to provide reference for mental health education to schools.Methods:A sample of 995 junior middle school students was selected from 2 middle schools in Yanta District,Xi'an City.A questionnaire survey was conducted using the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and Emotion Regulation Self-Efficacy Scale.Data was analyzed using SPSS 22.0 software.Results:Both self-esteem (29.2 ± 4.7) and emotional regulation self-efficacy (44.1 ± 8.8) were at the medium level.The influence factors of self-esteem included academic performance,mother's education level,whether parents quarrel,and personality type (P < 0.05),while the influencing factors of self-efficacy included academic performance,mother's education level,whether parents quarrel,and personality type,study and living type (P <0.05).Self-esteem and emotion regulation self-efficacy was positively correlated (r =0.412,P <0.05).Conclusion:The overall level of self-esteem and emotion regulation self-efficacy of middle school students is not high.Academic performance,mother's educational level,whether parents quarrel,personality type affect self-esteem and emotion regulation self-efficacy at the same time,which should not been ignored in mental health education.

20.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1717-1720, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696304

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical manifestations and pathogenic characteristics of nosocomial bacterial infection in children with infectious mononucleosis (IM).Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for IM children from January to December 2015 in West China Second University Hospital.According to whether there was the process of secondary bacterial infection,the patients were divided into the secondary infection group and the non-infection group.The clinical manifestations and pathogenic bacteria were analyzed.Results Two hundred and sixteen children with IM were enrolled,of whom,177 cases (81.9%) were in the non-infection group,and 39 cases (18.1%) were in the secondary infection group.The patients in non-infection group were (4.7 ± 3.2) years old,and the patients in secondary infection group were (7.0 ± 3.8) years old,and the difference was statistically significant (t =3.066,P < 0.05).The secondary infection group included bacterial tonsillitis in 17 cases,bronchial pneumonia in 11 cases,otitis media in 5 cases,cervical bacterial lymphadenitis in 3 cases,periorbital cellulitis in 2 cases,and sepsis in 1 case.Meanwhile,3 cases of concomitant thrush were observed in the secondary infection group.The rate of nosocomial bacterial infection in IM children [18.1% (39/216 cases)] was significantly higher than the incidence of nosocomial infection [1.53% (644/41 992 cases)] in the same period,and the difference was statistically significant (x2 =368.474,P < 0.01).The patients with secondary bacterial infection were treated with antibiotics,and the pathogenic bacteria were mainly gram-negative bacteria,which was consistent with pharyngeal tonsil colonization bacteria on admission.In 212 cases (98.1%) with IM,variant lymphocytes increased,and there was no significant difference between 2 groups in the variation of lymphocyte composition (x2 =2.087,P > 0.05).C-reactive protein (CRP) level of IM children on admission was (11.3 ± 17.4) mg/L,while the secondary infection group was (10.2 ±9.7) mg/L and the non-infection group was (11.5 ± 18.1) mg/L,and there was no significant difference between the 2 groups (t =1.309,P > 0.05).CD3 +,CD4+,CD8 + lymphocytes in the secondary infection group were 0.877 6 ± 0.031 8,0.079 0 ± 0.032 5 and 0.682 1 ± 0.053 5,compared with the non-infection group,while CD3 + lymphocytes (t =12.652,P < 0.01) and CD8 + lymphocytes (t =-9.723,P < 0.01) increased significantly,but the proportion of CD4+ lymphocytes decreased significantly (t =18.341,P <0.01).Conclusions The IM children are susceptible to nosocomial bacterial infection,which is more obvious in school-age children.Secondary respiratory tract infections are the most common type,and pathogenic bacteria may be caused by the dissemination of colonization bacteria in the pharyngeal tonsils.The CRP and variant lymphocytes on admission could not be used as the marker for predicting noscoomial bacterial infection in IM.

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