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1.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 1068-1076, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994423

ABSTRACT

Gout is a metabolic disease resulting from the accumulation of monosodium urate (MSU) in joints, leading to crystal-induced arthritis. In China, gout is common, but there is insufficient knowledge regarding standardized criteria for the diagnosis and treatment of this condition. Based on evidence and guidelines from China and other countries, the Chinese Rheumatology Association developed standardized criteria for the diagnosis and treatment of gout in China. The purpose was to standardize gout diagnosis methods as well as treatment opportunities and strategies in order to reduce misdiagnosis, missed diagnosis, and irreversible damage.

2.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 730-734, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991815

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of CHA2DS2-VASc score for predicting percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) prognosis in patients with coronary chronic total occlusion.Methods:The clinical data of 139 patients with coronary chronic total occlusion who underwent PCI at the Second Hospital of Anhui Medical University from January 2019 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. These patients were divided into good prognosis and poor prognosis groups according to prognosis outcomes. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis was performed to evaluate the influential factors of adverse events after PCI in patients with coronary chronic total occlusion. The receiver operating characteristic curves were plotted to evaluate the value of the CHA2DS2-VASc score for predicting the occurrence of adverse events in patients with coronary chronic total occlusion undergoing PCI.Results:Among the 139 patients with coronary chronic total occlusion, the average follow-up time was (19.88 ± 7.90) months, 19 (13.7%) patients had a poor prognosis, and 120 (86.3%) patients had a good prognosis. The age, uric acid, and CHA2DS2-VASc score in the poor prognosis group were 73 (65.0, 77.0) years, (383.26 ± 120.60) μmol/L, and 4 (3, 5) points, respectively, which were significantly higher than 66 (57.0, 71.8) years, (322.68 ± 91.88) μmol/L, and 3 (2, 4) points in the good prognosis group ( U = -2.74, t = 2.24, U = -3.09, all P < 0.05). However, the proportion of patients with the successful opening of the occluded coronary artery and albumin, hemoglobin, and triacylglycerol levels in the poor prognosis group were 11 (57.9%), 36.7 (34.4, 38.3) g/L, (120.26±19.74) g/L, and 1.03 (0.85, 1.49) mmol/L, respectively, which were significantly lower than 98 (81.7%)( χ2 = 4.16, P = 0.041), 39.3 (36.78, 42.1) g/L ( U = -2.85, P = 0.004), (133.62 ± 16.84) g/L ( t = 1.52, P = 0.002), and 1.52 (1.09, 2.25) mmol/L ( U =-2.13, P = 0.033) in the good prognosis group. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that CHA2DS2-VASc score was a risk factor for poor prognosis of patients with coronary chronic total occlusion undergoing PCI (95% CI: 1.137-2.274, P = 0.007). The receiver operating characteristic curve analysis results showed that the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve plotted for CHA2DS2-VASc score predicting poor prognosis in patients with coronary chronic total occlusion undergoing PCI was 0.716 (95% CI: 0.588-0.844, P = 0.003), with the cut-off point of 3.5, the sensitivity of 68.4%, and specificity of 66.7%, respectively. Conclusion:Compared with those with a good prognosis, patients with a poor prognosis have a higher CHA2DS2-VASc score. The CHA2DS2-VASc score has a certain application value for predicting mid- and long-term prognosis in patients with coronary chronic total occlusion who undergo PCI.

3.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 874-882, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957657

ABSTRACT

Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune rheumatic disease that is characterized by skin fibrosis with multi-organ involvement. In China, the standardized diagnosis and treatment for SSc is still lacking. Based on the diagnosis criteria and guidelines from China and abroad, Chinese Rheumatology Association developed the current standardization of diagnosis and treatment for SSc. The purposes of this guideline are to standardize clinical management for SSc in China, to interpret the key evaluation tools for SSc, and to recommend therapeutic principle and strategies.

4.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 766-773, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991102

ABSTRACT

PEP06 is a novel endostatin-Arg-Gly-Asp-Arg-Gly-Asp(RGDRGD)30-amino-acid polypeptide featuring a terminally fused RGDRGD hexapeptide at the N terminus.The active endostatin fragment of PEPO6 directly targets tumor cells and exerts an antitumoral effect.However,little is known about the kinetics and degradation products of PEP06 in vitro or in vivo.In this study,we investigated the in vitro metabolic stability of PEP06 after it was incubated with living cells obtained from animals of different species;we further identified the degradation characteristics of its cleavage products.PEP06 underwent rapid enzymatic degradation in multiple types of living cells,and the liver,kidney,and blood play important roles in the metabolism and clearance of the peptides resulting from the molecular degradation of PEP06.We identified metabolites of PEP06 using full-scan mass spectrometry(MS)and tandem MS(MS2),wherein 43 metabolites were characterized and identified as the degradation metabolites from the parent peptide,formed by successive losses of amino acids.The metabolites were C and N terminal truncated products of PEP06.The structures of 11 metabolites(M6,M7,M16,M17,M21,M25,M33,M34,M39,M40,and M42)were further confirmed by comparing the retention times of similar full MS spectrum and MS2 spectrum information with reference standards for the synthesized metabolites.We have demonstrated the metabolic stability of PEP06 in vitro and identified a series of potentially bioactive downstream metabolites of PEP06,which can support further drug research.

5.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 1126-1133, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986640

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects and mechanisms of molecular targeted drug combination on multi-driven proliferation hepatocellular carcinoma SK-Hep-1 cells. Methods Four molecular targeted drugs (HG6-64-1, Dasatinib, Crizotinib, and Sunitinib) were used to treat SK-Hep-1 cells, and the monophasic kinetic analysis curve and two-phase analysis curve were drawn. Western blot analysis was used to detect the effects of the above drugs on key signaling pathways in SK-Hep-1 cells. MTT assay was used to detect the effects of the above drugs and their combination on the proliferation of SK-Hep-1 cells. Results Compared with the monophasic kinetic analysis curve, the biphase analysis curve could better fit the effects of molecular targeted drugs on SK-Hep-1 cells, which predicted that the combination of HG6-64-1, Dasatinib, and MK-2206 could effectively inhibit the proliferation of SK-Hep-1 cells. Conclusion Two-phase kinetic analysis can quantitatively describe the response of multi-driven proliferation hepatocellular carcinoma SK-Hep-1 cells to molecular targeted therapy. The combination of HG6-64-1, Dasatinib, and MK-2206 is a potential drug combination for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma.

6.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 370-376, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933456

ABSTRACT

Adult-onset Still′s disease (AOSD) is a rare systemic autoinflammatory disorder. In China, standardized diagnosis and treatment for AOSD is insufficient. Based on the evidence from China and other countries, Chinese Rheumatology Association developed standardization of diagnosis and treatment of AOSD in China. The purpose is to standardize the methods for diagnosis of AOSD, treatment strategies, and reduce misdiagnosis, missed diagnosis and irreversible damage.

7.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 123-128, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863083

ABSTRACT

Atrial fibrillation is one of the important risk factors for ischemic stroke, which can lead to the cardioembolic stroke. On the contrary, ischemic stroke can also result in atrial fibrillation, namely, atrial fibrillation detected after stroke (AFDAS). Studies have shown that the pathophysiological mechanism and prognosis of AFDAS may be different from those of atrial fibrillation known before stroke. The monitoring of AFDAS and its effect on prognosis has become a hot research topic. This article reviews the definition, pathophysiological mechanism, monitoring methods and prognosis of AFDAS.

8.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 679-684, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871212

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of functional electrical stimulation on cognition and on the expression of the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), synaptophysin (SYN) and microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP2) using a rat model of vascular dementia.Methods:Ninety pathogen-free male Wistar rats were randomly divided into a sham operation group, a placebo stimulation group and an electrical stimulation group. Both the placebo and electrical stimulation groups underwent bilateral occlusion of the common carotid artery to establish a model of vascular dementia. In the sham operation group the arteries were exposed without occlusion. Each group was then sub-divided into 3, 7 and 14 days subgroups with 10 rats in each subgroup. Beginning seven days after the surgery, the rats in the electrical stimulation group were given 30-minutes of stimulation every day while those in the sham operation group and the placebo stimulation group were given false electrical stimulation. After 3, 7 or 14 days the rats′ cognitive functioning was quantified using the Morris water maze test. The rats were then sacrificed and the expression of BDNF mRNA was measured using in situ hybridization. MAP2 and SYN levels were quantified immunohistochemically.Results:After 14 days the average latency in the placebo stimulation group was significantly longer than in the other groups. On the sixth day the average time in the target zone among the placebo stimulation group was significantly shorter than the other two groups′ averages. After only 3 days of simulation, the average expression of BDNF mRNA in the CA1 area of the hippocampus was significantly lower in the placebo stimulation group than among the others. After 7 days of stimulation the placebo group′s average was significantly lower than that of the sham operation group. The average expression of MAP2 had decreased significantly in the placebo stimulation group compared with the other two groups after 7 and 14 days of simulation. After 7 days the average expression of SYN in the placebo stimulation group was significantly lower than in the sham operation group, and after 14 days it was significantly lower than in the other two groups.Conclusions:Functional electrical stimulation may improve learning and memory in rats modelling vascular dementia through increasing BDNF, SYN and MAP2 expression levels.

9.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 421-426, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870162

ABSTRACT

Gout is a crystal associated arthritis caused by monosodium urate (MSU) accumulating in joint, and it belongs to metabolic rheumatic disease. In China, gout is common but it is insufficient for education of standardized diagnosis and treatment for gout. Based on the evidence and guidelines from China and other countries, Chinese gout Collaborative Research Group developed standardization of diagnosis and treatment of gout in China. The purpose is to standardize the methods for diagnosis of gout, treatment opportunity and strategies in order to reduce misdiagnosis, missed diagnosis and irreversible damage.

10.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 3019-3024, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866715

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the diagnostic value of Essen stroke risk score(ESRS) combined with neutrophil lymphocyte ratio(NLR) in coronary heart disease(CHD).Methods:From July 1, 2015 to June 30, 2019, patients who were hospitalized in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University for suspected CHD and underwent coronary angiography were selected as the study objects.According to the results of coronary angiography, these patients were divided into CHD group (stenosis rate ≥ 50%) and control group(stenosis rate<50%). The clinical, laboratory and angiographic data of the two groups were collected, including NLR, ESRS and coronary narrow degree integral(Gensini integral method). Logistic regression model and receiver operator characteristic(ROC) were used to evaluate the diagnostic value of ESRS combined with NLR in CHD.Results:During the study period, 325 patients were enrolled, including 219 CHD patients and 106 controls.The age, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, peripheral artery disease, ESRS, NLR and fasting blood glucose levels in the CHD group were significantly higher than those in the control group(all P<0.05). Spearman correlation analysis showed that ESRS( r=0.515, P<0.001) and NLR( r=0.250, P<0.001) were positively correlated with coronary Gensini score.Two logistic regression models were established, where model 1 was logit(P1)=-2.072+ 0.566×ESRS+ 0.299×NLR+ 0.173×fasting blood glucose(the diagnostic accuracy rate was 71.7%) and model 2 was logit(P2)=-1.169+ 0.594×ESRS+ 0.302×NLR(the diagnostic accuracy rate was 70.8%). There was no significant difference in the diagnostic accuracy between the two models( P=0.499). Finally, logistic regression model 2 was selected as the joint diagnostic model.The area under curve of ESRS, NLR and logistic regression model 2 was 0.713, 0.634 and 0.736, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant(all P<0.05). The diagnostic threshold of ESRS was 2, and the diagnostic threshold of NLR was 2.74.The 95% CI of the joint diagnostic model 2 was (0.684, 0.783), which showed a sensitivity of 60.27% and a specificity of 78.30%.This model was superior to the diagnostic efficacy of ESRS( P=0.047) and NLR( P<0.001). Conclusion:The joint diagnostic model of ESRS combined with NLR is superior to the single index in the diagnosis of CHD, which may thus be used to predict the occurrence of CHD.

11.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 2877-2880, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866694

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D], Essen Stroke Risk Scale (ESRS) and the incidence of coronary atherosclerotic heart disease.Methods:From July 2016 to January 2019, 186 patients who underwent coronary angiography (CAG) in the Department of Geriatric Cardiology at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University were included.Among them, 117 patients were diagnosed with coronary heart disease, 69 cases without coronary heart disease.The serum 25(OH)D values and ESRS scores of the two groups were collected to analyze the relationship between 25(OH)D, and ESRS scores, coronary heart disease.At the same time, multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the correlation between serum 25(OH)D and ESRS scores.Results:The serum level of 25(OH)D in the coronary heart disease group was (38.19±16.35)nmol/L, which in the non-coronary heart disease group was (45.37±19.01)nmol/L, the difference was statistically significant difference ( t=2.722, P<0.05). The ESRS scores in the coronary heart disease group was (2.32±1.38)points, which of the non-coronary heart disease group was (1.42±1.32)points, the difference was statistically significant ( t=-4.394, P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that 25(OH)D was independently associated with coronary heart disease ( OR=0.944, 95% CI: 0.902-0.989, P=0.015), ESRS score was independently associated with coronary heart disease ( OR=1.716, 95% CI: 1.314-2.240, P<0.001). Conclusion:25(OH)D is a protective factor for coronary heart disease, ESRS score is an independent risk factor for coronary heart disease.

12.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 532-540, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826943

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death worldwide as well as in China. For many years, conventional oncologic treatments such as surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy (RT) have dominated the field of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The recent introduction of immunotherapy in clinical practice, led to a paradigm shift in lung cancer as in many other solid tumors. Recent pre-clinical and clinical data have shown RT may also modify antitumor immune responses through induction of immunogenic cell death and reprogramming of the tumor microenvironment. This has led many to reexamine RT as a partner therapy to immuno-oncology treatments and investigate their potential synergy in an exponentially growing number of clinical trials. Clinical trials combining radiotherapy and immunotherapy are attracting major attention, experts were invited to discuss frontier and controversial academic topics: (1) Recent developments of clinical synergy between radiation and immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) in the treatment of NSCLC; (2) Will immunotherapy and radiotherapy increase the toxicity risk for cancer patients; (3) How to cope the mixed responses/disassociated responses phenomenon in checkpoint inhibition therapy to NSCLC with local ablative therapy; (4) Combining radiotherapy and immunotherapy in the treatment of NSCLC brain metastases.

13.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1189-1192, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796878

ABSTRACT

At present, we have a very limited understanding of the etiology, risk factors and pathogenesis of osteosarcopenic obesity(OSO)syndrome, but it is necessary to predict its negative impact on the human body, especially in the elderly.Recent studies have found that advisable resistance training combined with nutritional supplement can effectively improve or delay the occurrence of OSO syndrome, and has beneficial effects in resisting the decline of body function.

14.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1189-1192, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791663

ABSTRACT

At present,we have a very limited understanding of the etiology,risk factors and pathogenesis of osteosarcopenic obesity(OSO)syndrome,but it is necessary to predict its negative impact on the human body,especially in the elderly.Recent studies have found that advisable resistance training combined with nutritional supplement can effectively improve or delay the occurrence of OSO syndrome,and has beneficial effects in resisting the decline of body function.

15.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 611-614, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693042

ABSTRACT

Numerous studies have shown that gut microbiota can influence the progression and prognosis of various nervous system diseases by regulating the immune response, including ischemic stroke. Studies have demonstrated that gut microbiota plays an important role in the pathogenesis and progression of ischemic stroke, so it is possible to treat ischemic stroke by regulating gut microbiota. This article summarizes the relationship between gut microbiota and ischemic stroke, and targeting the gut microbiota is a newdirection in the treatment of ischemic stroke.

16.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 220-224, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505617

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the serum estradiol level of gouty patients with healthy controls and to investigate whether estradiol upregulatesthe expression of the uric acid transporter ATP-binding cassette superfamily member 2 (ABCG2) of human renal tubular epithelial cells (HK-2)..Methods Serum of 16 male gout patients and 16 male healthy controls and their estradiol level were assessed with ELISA.The HK-2 cells wer cultured with different concentrations of estradiol for 24 hours or 48 hours.mRNA expression of ABCG2 was assessed by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR).HK-2 cells were cultured with estradiol or estradiol and inhibitor of PI3K/Akt pathway LY294002.mRNA expression of ABCG2 was assessed by qPCR,while the Akt,p-Ser473-Akt,p-Thr308-Akt and ABCG2 expression were investigated by Western blot.Data was analyzed using either the one-way analysis of variance or the t test.Results The level of serum uric acid in gout patients was [(547±18) μmol/L],which was significantly higher than that of healthy controls [(344±12) μmol/L),t=-5.395,P<0.01].The level of estradiol in gout patients was (45±6) μmol/L,which was significantly lower than that of healthy controls [(100±8) μmol/L,t=9.375,P<0.01].The mRNA expression of ABCG2 of 10-4 mol/L estradiol group was elevated after 24 hours or 48 hours (t=3.168,t=3.990;P<0.01).In the group of co-stimulation withestradiol and LY294002,the ABCG2,p-Ser473-Akt and p-Thr308-Akt expression were down regulated compared to the estradiol group.Conclusion There is a significant correlation between serum estradiol and uric acid.Estradiol inducesthe expression of ABCG2 of HK-2 cells by activating PI3K/Akt pathway.

17.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 93-96, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505484

ABSTRACT

Objectives To investigate the risk factors for rheumatoid arthritis in middle-aged and elderly residents in Luohe City,Henan Province.Methods Survey questionnaires and measurements of biochemical parameters were conducted in individuals 45 years old or above,using the two-stage cluster sampling method.Risk factors for rheumatoid arthritis were evaluated according to the criteria for the classification of RA by the American College of Rheumatology and European League Against Rheumatism(ACR/EULAR) (2010).Results Among the 8 610 residents covered by the survey,8,274 people responded,representing a response rate of 96.1%.There were 3 361 male (40.62%)and 4 913 female(59.38%)respondents,with an average age of 61.4±7.4(45-91)years.The age group of 60-64 years had the highest rates of joint involvement,with those scoring 2,3 and 5 points at 2.90%,2.02% and 0.26%,respectively.The rheumatoid factor (RF)and the anti-cycliccitrullinatedpeptide(anti-CCP)antibody titer showed skewed distributions.The low titer-positive rate of RF and anti-CCP antibody,the ESR and CRP in female residents were evidently higher than in male residents(each P<0.05).Smoking was an independent factor for RA(OR:1.79,95 %CI:1.34~ 3.41,P<0.01).The risk for RA occurrence increased with the frequency of drinking >1 time/d(OR:6.71,95 % CI:0.88 ~ 51.23,P< 0.01).The prevalence of RA was significantly higher in rural areas than in urban and suburb areas(0.93% to 0.48% and 0.53%,each P<0.05).Living on higher floors was a protective factor for RA (OR:0.61,95 % CI:0.36 ~ 0.94,P =0.036).Family history was an independent risk factor for RA (OR:3.09,95 % CI:1.53 ~ 6.27,P < 0.01),and being first degree relatives of RA patients was a risk factor(OR=6.45,95 % CI:1.67~ 17.83,P<0.01).Multiple factor analysis showed that female gender,first floor of residential buildings,smoking and genetics were key risk factors for RA.Conclusions The risk factors for rheumatoid arthritis in middle-aged and elderly residents in Luohe City of Henan Province are female gender,smoking and genetics.

18.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 45-49, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488049

ABSTRACT

Objective To study food-borne disease related behavior of the floating population in Hangzhou city. Methods A questionnaire on food-borne disease related behaviors was formulated based on Delphi method. A family-based retrospective investigation was conducted by unified trained investigators to analyze the frequency of food-borne disease related behaviors of family food providers during the past month in several floating-population centers of Hangzhou city. The investigation was conducted among 150 adults of every survey spot quarterly during a one-year period. Data were analyzed using Mann-Whitney U test. Results According to all 1 781 valid recovery questionnaires, 82.42%subjects had a family income less than 50 000 yuan per year and 87.42%of them had junior-middle-school or lower levels of education. The proportions of subjects who always cleaned kitchen tools, covered the garbage can and kept house out of flies, roaches and mice were 42.50%, 55.87% and 61.09%, respectively. The proportions of subjects who always purchased intact packaged food and food under warranty were 39.70%and 52.33%, respectively. The proportions of subjects who always used tapped water, cleaned hands before food processing, cooked eggsand other foods till well-done were 66.03%, 51.94%, 53.62%, 35.99% and 32.62%, respectively. The proportions of subjects who always stored food in containers with cover and for no more than 3 days in freezer were 20.89%and 30.88%, respectively. The frequencies of food-borne disease related behaviors mentioned above were significantly higher among migrants who originated from urban areas, received education above junior-middle-school and had a family income no less than 50 000 yuan/y than the others (P<0.05). Conclusion In order to correct the risky behaviors during food consuming, processing and storage, targeted intervention is necessary among family food providers of floating population families.

19.
Journal of International Pharmaceutical Research ; (6): 952-955, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503893

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a chemiluminescent immunoassay method for the determination of cathelicidin-BF(BF-30)in rat serum,to provide a fast and simple analytical method for its pharmacokinetic studies,then to investigate the pharmacokinet?ic characteristics of BF-30 in vivo. Methods A chemiluminescent immunoassay method was developed and the matrix effect,preci?sion,accuracy,stability and the dilution effect were evaluated,then the method was used to determine the concentration of BF-30 in rat serum. Results The linear range of BF-30 in rat serum was 0.5-40 ng/ml,and the lowest limit of determination was 0.5 ng/ml. No matrix effect was observed. The RSD of inter-and intra-day precisions were 8.76%-14.15%and 4.91%-11.11%,respectively,and ac?curacy was-1.27%--7.71%. The stability of samples for 13 days and stock solution for 30 days at-20℃were good,and the stability of serum samples after 2 cycles of freeze-thaw met the requirements. There was no dilution effect noted after 40 times sample dilution. Conclusion We heve developed a simple,accurate and reliable method which can be applied to the determination of BF-30 in rat se?rum and following pharmacokinetic study.

20.
Journal of Guangzhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 705-710, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485491

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effectiveness and mechanism of Xiaoyao San (Xiaoyao Powder for Soothing Liver and Relieving Depression) in improving depression-like behavior of rats. Methods Male Wistar rats were randomized into normal group, model group, Xiaoyao San (1.9 g·kg-1·d-1) group, and fluoxetine (2 mg·kg-1·d-1) group. The rats were exposed to chronic unpredictable mild stress ( CUMS) to induce rat depression-like behavior. Field test was performed for the observation of effect of Xiaoyao San on rat depression-like behavior, Luminex liquid chip system was applied to detect the serum cytokines, and the amount and size of rat hepatic sinusoidal endothelial window were examined under electron microscope, and hepatic indoleamine 2, 3-dioxygenase ( IDO) and tryptophan 2, 3 -dioxygenaes ( TDO) expression levels were detected by immunohistochemical and Western blot methods. Results Xiaoyao San showed obvious effect on increasing sugar water consumption, the number of crossing the blocks and erection frequency in rats, decreasing serum levels of tumor necrosis factor alpha ( TNF-α) and interleukin 6 ( IL-6) , increasing the amount of hepatic sinusoidal endothelial window, promoting hepatic sinusoidal endothelial vascularization, and reducing TDO and IDO expression ( P<0.05 or P<0.01). Conclusion Xiaoyao San exerts obvious effect on improving rat depression-like behaviors, and the mechanism is probably related with the decrease of inflammatory factors, inhibition of IDO pathway, and improvement of hepatic sinusoidal endothelial function.

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