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1.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 120-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907042

ABSTRACT

Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a major cause that prevents widespread application of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. GVHD is a complication that can affect all systems of the body, such as skin, liver, lung and gastrointestinal tract, among which skin is the most vulnerable organ. At present, the pathogenesis of skin GVHD has not been fully elucidated, and no effective treatment has been established. Severe or extensive chronic GVHD significantly affects the quality of life of the recipients. Consequently, it is urgent to unravel the pathogenesis of skin GVHD and explore novel therapeutic treatment. Cytokines, such as interleukin (IL)-22, IL-17, IL-6 and interferon (IFN)-γ, have been proven to play pivotal roles in the progression of skin GVHD. Nevertheless, the specific mechanism remains elusive. In this article, research progresses at home and abroad on the mechanism underlying the roles of these cytokines in skin GVHD were reviewed, aiming to provide novel ideas for the prevention and treatment of skin GVHD.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907890

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application value of metagenomics sequencing in the etiological diagnosis of bacterial meningitis(BM) in children and improve the diagnosis and treatment effect of BM in children.Methods:All BM cases were collected from Jiangxi Provincial Children′s Hospital from February 1, 2018 to January 31, 2020.Meanwhile, such biological samples as blood and cerebrospinal fluid were collected for traditional etiological testing and metagenomics sequencing.The results of traditional etiological testing were regarded as the gold standard, and the specificity and sensitivity of metagenomics sequencing in the diagnosis of BM in children were confirmed.Results:A total of 45 cases were collected in this study, including 31 males and 14 females, with the age between (74.74 ± 58.67) months.Twenty-six cases were identified by metagenomics sequencing, with the positive rate being 57.78%.Among them, there were 8 cases of Streptococcus pneumoniae, 2 cases of Escherichia coli, 2 cases of Neisseria meningitidis, 2 cases of Staphylococcus, 2 cases of Salmonella, 2 cases of Mycobacterium multiplex, 1 case of Streptococcus intermedius, 1 case of Streptococcus pyogenes, 1 case of Streptococcus paris, 1 case of Streptococcus salivarius, 1 case of Haemophilus influenzae, 1 case of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, 1 case of Acinetobacter baumannii, and 1 case of Aspergillus.The traditional etiological positive rate was 17.78%, and the metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) positive rate was 57.78% ( P=0.014, kappa=0.273). As per the comparison results, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, Youden index and misdiagnosis rate were 100.00%, 51.35%, 30.76%, 100.00%, 51.36%, 48.64% and 0, respectively. Conclusions:Metagenomics examination had high sensitivity, which can improve the etiological diagnosis rate of acute BM in children, especially in case of high clinical suspicion of infection.Therefore, metagenomics examination should be selected as early as possible when the etiology cannot be determined by traditional approaches.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907723

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the prognostic value of extravascular lung water index (EVLWI) , soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1(sICAM-1) and Krebs yon den lungen-6 (KL-6) in severe pneumonia patients with Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (ARDS).Methods:A prospective study was conducted in Respiratory Intensive Care Unit of the Affiliated Zhengzhou Central Hospital of Zhengzhou University from October 2017 to February 2020. The study included 65 severe pneumonia patients with ARDS, who was performed by measurement of pulse index continuous cardiac output and survived more than 3days after admission. The Extravascular Lung Water Index (EVLWI) , sICAM-1, KL-6 and Oxygenation Index(OI) on 1st, 3rd and 5th day were detected. APACHEⅡ score, patient survival events (days) and survival outcome were recorded. Correlation analysis between EVLWI, sICAM-1, KL-6 and OI was performed on the 1st, 3rd and 5th day after admission. Independent risk factors of mortality in severe pneumonia patients with ARDS were analyzed by multiple logistic regression. Receiver operating characteristic curve was drawn, and the prognostic value of each parameter was assessed finally.Results:The PCT, EVLWI, sICAM-1, KL-6 and APACHEⅡ score in the death group were significantly higher than those in the survival group ( P<0.05) at RICU admission, and the length of RICU stay was significantly shorter than that in the survival group ( P<0.05), while differences in other clinical characteristics between two groups were not statistically significant ( P>0.05) . These parameters including levels of EVLWI, sICAM-1, KL-6, Procalcitonin and APACHE Ⅱscore in the death group were significantly higher than those in the survival group on the 1st, 3rd and 5th day ( P<0.05), whereas the OI was significantly lower than that of the survival group on the 3rd and 5th day ( P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that EVLWI, sICAM-1, KL-6 level were significantly related with the mortality of these patients. The levels of sICAM-1, kl-6 and EVLWI on 1st, 3rd and 5th day after RICU admission showed a significant negative correlation with OI ( P<0.001). Whereas, The levels of sICAM-1, kL-6 on 1st, 3rd and 5th day showed a significant positive correlation with EVLWI ( P<0.001). The sensitivity and specificity of sICAM-1, KL-6 combined with EVLWI in prognosis evaluation on 1st, 3rd and 5th day were 75.0%, 84.4%, 85.0%, 66.7%, 80.0%, 86.7%, respectively. The AUC was 0.864, 0.881, 0.892 on 1st, 3rd and 5th day, respectively ( P<0.001), which had a better prognostic value than each of them. Conclusions:EVLWI, sICAM-1 and KL-6 were independent risk factors for the prognosis of severe pneumonia patients with ARDS. The combination of EVLWI, sICAM-1 and KL-6 might be important in early predicting the prognosis of the 28d mortality.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912083

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the whole genome traceability and variation analysis of SARS-CoV-2 in local COVID-19 outbreaks in Binhai New Area, Tianjin.Methods:The whole-genome high-throughput sequencing was performed on throat swab samples collected from one local asymptomatic infected person and five confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Binhai New Area of Tianjin from November 7 to December 5, 2020. The sequencing data were assembled by De novo. MAFFT v7.0 multiple sequence alignment program and MEGA X software were used to compare the above data and construct phylogenetic tree (Neighbor-joining method).Results:The genetic similarity between the sequences of 6 SARS-CoV-2 strains and Wuhan reference sequence (Wuhan-Hu-1) was greater than 99.9%. Two of six strains were genetically identical, conform to the L-Lineage European Branch Ⅱ.1(America Branch)/B.1; The other four strains had the same genes and were in line with the characteristics of L-Lineage European Branch Ⅰ/B.1.1.These six strains belonged to different evolutionary branches and two different transmission chains. There were 18 nucleotide mutation sites in sequences of six SARS-CoV-2 strains, eight of which were synonymous mutation sites, nine of which were missense mutation sites, resulting in nine amino acid mutation sites, and important mutation sites of RDRP-P323L and S-D614G were found in all of the six samples.Conclusions:In this study, there were two COVID-19 outbreaks in Binhai New Area of Tianjin, and the sequences of six SARS-CoV-2 strains belonged to different evolutionary branches and two different transmission chains. It might come from porters′ contact with imported cold chain items contaminated with SARS-CoV-2 from different sources. All the sequences of six SARS-CoV-2 strains had P323L and D614G mutations, which indicated that the virus mutation and transmission ability were stronger. The surveillance of important employees of the cold chain in Tianjin and local and imported cases should be continuously strengthened.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910186

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical features and long-term prognosis of patients co-existing with ovarian endometrioma (OMA) and deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE).Methods:Totally 358 OMA patients were retrospectively analyzed, who had a minimum of 8 years follow-up after laparoscopic cystectomy, which was performed by one professional endometriosis surgery team at Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2009 to April 2013. All women were divided into DIE group and non-DIE group, and analysis was performed in preoperative characteristics, surgical findings and postoperative outcomes during follow-up.Results:A total of 358 OMA patients were included, of which 190 patients (53.1%, 190/358) were in the DIE group, while other 168 patients (46.9%, 168/358) in the non-DIE group. The average ages between the two groups were (33.7±5.4), (32.5±5.3) years ( P=0.047), the average parity was (0.4±0.6) times vs (0.3±0.5) times ( P=0.079). There were significant differences in the proportions of moderate to severe dysmenorrhea [67.4% (128/190) vs 56.5% (95/168)], chronic pelvic pain [24.2% (46/190) vs 7.7% (13/168)], and the increase in CA 125 [79.9% (139/190) vs 65.2% (101/168)] between the two groups (all P<0.05). The average operation time in the DIE and non-DIE groups was (75±21) vs (39±36) minutes ( P<0.01). There was a significant difference in adenomyosis presence between the two groups [41.6% (79/190) vs 22.0% (37/168); P=0.001]. All patients were followed up for at least 8 years. At the end of the follow-up, though the DIE group was with higher total rate of disease relapse, yet no significant difference was found between the two groups in statistical comparison [21.6% (41/190) vs 16.1% (27/168); P=0.185]. A total of 41 cases in the DIE group recurred, the recurrence rate of pain was 15.8% (30/190), and the recurrence rate of cyst was 8.4% (16/190); 27 cases had recurrence after operation in the non-DIE group, the recurrence rate of pain was 8.9% (15/168), and the recurrence rate of cyst was 10.7% (18/168). There were no significant differences in the pain recurrence rate ( P=0.067) and cyst recurrence rate ( P=0.460) between the two groups. As for the successfully pregnant patients, live birth rates were 100.0% (65/65) vs 94.4% (68/72) between DIE group and non-DIE groups ( P=0.120). Conclusions:Compared with the non-DIE group, OMA patients with concurrent DIE might have severe pain symptoms, higher probability of abnormal CA 125 levels and more severe pelvic adhesions. Although there are no significant differences in the total recurrence rate and the recurrence rate of various types between the two groups, the proportion of pain recurrence in the DIE group is higher than that in the non-DIE group. In terms of fertility outcomes, patients in the DIE group are with lower likelihood of pregnancy after surgery during the long-time follow-up. DIE has no significant influence on the fertility outcome.

6.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 23-30, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885477

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the number of necroptotic renal tubular epithelial cells in renal tissues of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and the correlation with clinicopathologic parameters, and explore its role in the progression of the excessive loss of renal tubular cells and chronic kidney injury.Methods:Renal tissue samples from 60 patients (18-65 years old) with CKD proven by kidney biopsy in the First Affiliated Hospital of Hainan Medical University from June 2017 to June 2019 were collected. According to internationally accepted K/DOQI guidelines, the patients were divided into 1-4 stages of CKD, with 15 cases in each stage. The number of necroptotic renal tubular epithelial cells in patients with different stages of CKD was detected using receptor-interacting protein 3 (RIP3) and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) fluorescent staining, and the expression of RIP3 and MLKL, marker protein of necroptosis, was detected by immunohistochemistry. Pearson correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between the percentage of necroptotic renal tubular epithelial cells and clinicopathologic parameters. In addition, the expression of angiotensinogen Ⅱ receptor (AT2R) in renal tissue and its correlation with the percentage of necroptotic renal tubular epithelial cells were analyzed.Results:With the development of CKD, the structural destruction of renal tubules in patients with CKD was gradually aggravated, and the renal tubules in the corresponding areas were atrophied, accompanied by worsening interstitial fibrosis. The adjacent renal tubules were focally dilated and numerous protein tubules were seen in the tubules. Importantly, renal tubular injury score in second and third stage of CKD was significantly higher than that in control group (both P<0.01). TUNEL+RIP3 immunofluorescence staining results showed that the percentage of TUNEL/RIP3 double positive renal tubular epithelial cells (necroptotic renal tubular epithelial cells) in renal tubules of the second and third stage of CKD was higher (all P<0.01). Immunohistochemical results showed that RIP3, MLKL and AT2R proteins were mainly expressed in cytoplasm of renal tubular epithelial cells, and the expression of RIP3, MLKL and AT2R in renal tubular epithelial cells was higher in the second and third stage of CKD patients (all P<0.05). Pearson correlation analysis showed that the percentage of necroptotic renal tubular epithelial cells was positively correlated with blood urea nitrogen ( r=0.514, P=0.003), serum creatinine ( r=0.507, P=0.019), serum cystatin C ( r=0.571, P=0.026), serum uric acid ( r=0.592, P=0.008), renal tubules injury score ( r=0.901, P<0.001), renal interstitial fibrosis index ( r=0.700, P=0.001) and the expression of AT2R protein in renal tissue ( r=0.715, P=0.001). Conclusions:As CKD progresses, necroptosis of renal tubular epithelial cells in CKD patients occurs. The necroptotic cell death may be an important factor leading to renal tubular epithelial cell excessive death and the progression of chronic kidney injury. Furthermore, necroptosis of renal tubular epithelial cells may be related to the high expression of AT2R in kidney tissue.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885038

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of oxiracetam on sevoflurane-induced cognitive dysfunction in mice and the role of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/serine/threonine protein kinase (PI3K/Akt) signaling pathway.Methods:Eighty adult Kunming mice, half male and half female, weighing 35-55 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=20 each) using a random number table method: control group (group C), sevoflurane group (group S), oxiracetam plus sevoflurane group (group OS), and LY294002 plus oxiracetam plus sevoflurane group (group LOS). Group S inhaled 2% sevoflurane for 6 h. A 2 h before sevoflurane anesthesia, oxiracetam 105 mg/kg was injected via the tail vein in group OS, oxiracetam 105 mg/kg and LY294002 0.3 mg/kg were injected via the tail vein in group LOS, and the equal volume of normal saline was injected in group S. The apoptosis rate of hippocampal neurons was detected using TUNEL.The expression of PI3K, phosphorylated PI3K (p-PI3K), Akt and phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt) was determined by Western blot.Cognitive function was assessed using Y-maze at 14 days after the end of anesthesia. Results:Compared with group C, the apoptosis rate of hippocampal neurons was significantly increased, the total number of times and the number of errors required for 10 times of correct responses in Y-maze test were increased, and the expression of PI3K, Akt p-PI3K and p-Akt in hippocampal tissues was down-regulated in group S ( P<0.05). Compared with group S, the apoptosis rate of hippocampal neurons was significantly decreased, the total number of times and the number of errors required for 10 times of correct responses in Y-maze test were decreased, the expression of PI3K, Akt, p-PI3K and p-Akt in hippocampal tissues was up-regulated in group OS ( P<0.05), and no significant changes were found in the parameters mentioned above in group LOS ( P>0.05). Compared with group OS, the apoptosis rate of hippocampal neurons was significantly increased, the total number of times and the number of errors required for 10 times of correct responses in Y-maze test were increased, and the expression of PI3K, Akt, p-PI3K and p-Akt in hippocampal tissues was down-regulated in group LOS ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Oxiracetam can alleviate sevoflurane-induced cognitive dysfunction in mice, and the mechanism may be related to activating PI3K/Akt signaling pathway and inhibiting apoptosis in neurons.

8.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 474-477, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884071

ABSTRACT

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a cardiomyopathy characterized by non-secondary asymmetric hypertrophy of the ventricle, most of which manifests as autosomal dominant inheritance, and it is the main cause of sudden death in young athletes. In recent years, HCM has attracted much attention in epidemiology and molecular mechanism of pathogenicity. This article reviews the epidemiology, pathogenesis and clinical manifestations of HCM.

9.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 235-239, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883700

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the quality of life and its influencing factors in patients with hyperthyroidism.Methods:From June 2017 to June 2019, patients with hyperthyroidism who were first diagnosed in the First Affiliated Hospital of Hainan Medical College were selected as the research objects, and the quality of life of the patients was assessed by the Chinese version of World Health Organization Quality of Life Brief Scale (WHOQOL-BREF). Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) and Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD) were used to evaluate the psychological status of the patients. Univariate analysis was used to compare the differences of general information (age, gender, course of disease, marital status, education level, occupation, monthly family income, family relationship, thyroid ophthalmopathy, laboratory examination, thyroid crisis, anxiety level, and depression level) among patients with different quality of life. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the related factors affecting the quality of life of patients with hyperthyroidism.Results:There were 120 patients, aged (45.42 ± 6.38) years old, including 42 males and 78 females. The WHOQOL-BREF score was (76.58 ± 10.42) points, ranging from 25 to 106 points. Among them, 49 cases (40.83%) had high scores (≥80 points) and 71 cases (59.17%) had low scores (<80 points). Univariate analysis showed that there were differences in the quality of life among different marital status, education level, monthly family income, family relationship, thyroid ophthalmopathy, FT 3, FT 4, anxiety level and depression level ( P < 0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that thyroid ophthalmopathy, divorce or widowhood, monthly family income < 2 000 yuan, family disharmony, depression or anxiety, abnormal FT 4 and FT 3 were the risk factors affecting the quality of life of patients with hyperthyroidism ( P < 0.05). Conclusion:The overall quality of life of patients with hyperthyroidism is low, especially those with thyroid ophthalmopathy, divorce or widowhood, monthly family income < 2 000 yuan, family disharmony, depression, anxiety, FT 4 or FT 3 abnormalities.

10.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 673-679, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878592

ABSTRACT

Nucleic acid detection technique has good sensitivity and specificity and is widely used in in vitro diagnosis, animal and plant commodity quarantine, forensic identification, and other fields. However, it is susceptible to carryover contamination during the operation and leads to false-positive results, which seriously affects the detection accuracy. Therefore, finding an effective solution to prevent and eliminate nucleic acid carryover contamination has become particularly urgent. This study compared several different methods for removing nucleic acid contamination and confirmed that sodium hypochlorite solution and PCRguard reagent could effectively eliminate nucleic acid carryover in the liquid and on surfaces of different materials. Besides, the combination of sodium hypochlorite solution and PCRguard can solve the nucleic acid aerosol contamination. This study proposes solutions for the routine prevention of carryover contamination and removal of aerosol that has occurred in molecular diagnostic laboratories.


Subject(s)
Laboratories , Nucleic Acids , Pathology, Molecular
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922028

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a patient with aortic root aneurysm and valve insufficiency.@*METHODS@#The patient was subjected to whole exome sequencing (WES) with a focus on the analysis of genes related to aortic aneurysm and other genetic diseases involving the cardiovascular system. Suspected pathogenic site was validated by Sanger sequencing of the patient and his family members.@*RESULTS@#WES has revealed a heterozygous c.830T>C variant (NM_001130916.3) in the patient, which was not detected among healthy members of his family. SIFT, PolyPhen2 and Mutation Taster predicted the variant to be disease causing, resulting in destruction of the structure and function of the TGFBR1 protein. Based on the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) guidelines, the variant was predicted to be likely pathogenic (PM1+PM2+PM6+PP3+PP4).@*CONCLUSION@#The c.830T>C variant of the TGFBR1 gene probably underlay the disease in the proband. Above finding has enriched the spectrum of TGFBR1 gene variants in Chinese population.


Subject(s)
China , Echocardiography , Humans , Loeys-Dietz Syndrome/genetics , Mutation , Pedigree , Receptor, Transforming Growth Factor-beta Type I/genetics , Whole Exome Sequencing
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828861

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of BUB1 gene in gastric cancer.@*METHODS@#Oncomine, GEPIA, BioGPS and Kaplan-Meier Plotter databases were used to analyze the difference of BUB1 gene expression between gastric cancer tissue and normal gastric tissue. The association of BUB1 expression level with the prognosis of gastric cancer patients was also analyzed. The Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia (CCLE) was explored to analyze the expression of BUB1 in T cells and B cells in gastric cancer patients, and the String database was used to generate the network map of BUB1-related proteins and functional annotation of gene ontology (GO). The related pathways of KEGG were analyzed. Tumor immune assessment resource (TIMER) database was used to analyze the expression of BUB1 in immune infiltration and its effect on prognosis of gastric cancer patients. To further verify the results of gene chip analysis in Oncomine database, we collected 30 pairs of surgical specimens of gastric adenocarcinoma and adjacent tissues from patients admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Chengdu Medical College from March, 2018 to July, 2019. The results of BUB1 gene expression in Oncomine database were verified by PCR and immunohistochemistry.@*RESULTS@#Oncomine, GEPIA and BioGPS analyses showed that BUB1 was highly expressed in gastric cancer compared with normal gastric tissue. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that the progression-free survival time (HR=0.52, 95% :0.41-0.67, < 0.05) and the overall survival time (HR=0.67, 95% :0.55-0.82, < 0.05) were prolonged in gastric cancer patients with a high expression of BUB1. Through String data collection, BUB1-related proteins were mainly enriched in 13 cellular components, 4 molecular functions and 12 biological processes, involving 4 signal pathways. TIMER database analysis showed that CD4 T cells and macrophages with high expressions of BUB1 mRNA in the immune microenvironment were associated with a favorable 5-year survival outcome of patients with gastric cancer. In the surgical specimens, real-time quantitative PCR showed that the expression level of BUB1 mRNA was significantly higher in gastric cancer tissues than in the adjacent gastric mucosa tissues, and immunohistochemical results demonstrated positive BUB1 staining in the gastric cancer tissues.@*CONCLUSIONS@#BUB1 gene is highly expressed in gastric cancer. BUB1 may reduce tumor immunosuppression and helps to evaluate the prognosis of patients with gastric cancer.


Subject(s)
Computational Biology , Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Prognosis , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases , Genetics , Stomach Neoplasms , Genetics , Tumor Microenvironment
13.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 638-642, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821114

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of 135 confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Tianjin. Methods The clinical and epidemiological data of 135 cases of COVID-19 in Tianjin were collected, and the data were analyzed with descriptive method. The factors influencing the severity of the illness were analyzed. Results Among the 135 COVID-19 cases, 72 were males and 63 were females, the age of the cases was (48.62±16.83) years, and the case fatality rate was 2.22%. Local transmission caused 74.81% of the cases. A total of 33 clusters occurred, involving 85.92% of all COVID-19 cases. The median of the incubation period of COVID-19 was 6.50 days, the average generation interval was 5 days, and the household secondary transmission rate was 20.46%. Fever was the main symptom (78.63%), followed by cough (56.48%). Multivariate regression analysis indicated that age ( OR =1.038, 95% CI : 1.010-1.167) and the number of chronic underlying diseases ( OR =1.709, 95% CI : 1.052-2.777) were the risk factors of severe illness. Conclusions Fever was the main symptom at the early phase of COVID-19 in Tianjin, and the local cluster cases accounted for high proportion in confirmed COVID-19 cases reported in Tianjin. Severe illness was prone to occur in people with old age and multi underlying diseases. Strict isolation of close contacts and intensive care of high-risk groups are the main measures to reduce the morbidity and case fatality of COVID-19.

14.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 489-493, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811649

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To describe the epidemiological characteristics of a cluster of COVID-19 cases reported in Baodi district of Tianjin as of 18 February, 2020, which might be associated with the exposure in a local department store, and provide suggestions for prevention and control strategy development.@* Methods@#The basic characteristics, time and area distributions, clinical manifestations, epidemiological history and transmission mode of the COVID-19 cases associated with the department store exposure were analyzed.@* Results@#A total of 40 COVID-19 cases were associated with the department store exposure, accounting for 75.47% of the total confirmed cases (53 cases) reported in Baodi district. The cases were mainly at the age of 60 years or older (35.00%) and farmers (40.00%). The main clinical manifestations included fever (95.00%), cough (35.00%), and diarrhea (15.00%). The proportion of confirmed severe cases was 32.50%. The incidence curve showed that the incidence peak occurred on 31 January, 2020. Among the 40 cases, 6(15.00%) were department store employees, 19(47.50%) were customers and 15(37.50%) were close contacts (secondary cases). The first case occurred on 21 January, 2020, this case was a department store employee who had a purchasing history at whole sale markets in other provinces and cities before the onset, and 3 employees were still on duty after symptom onsets. The median of the incubation period of customer cases was 6 days, and the median of the interval between onset and medical treatment of customer cases was 7 days.@* Conclusion@#This was a cluster epidemic of COVID-19, which might be associated with the exposure in the department store. By now, the current prevention and control measures have achieved satisfied effects.

15.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2226-2233, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878481

ABSTRACT

Biochemistry is an important fundamental course of biology related majors, and has the characteristics of speedy development, massive information, sound theoretical basis and feasible applicability. It is difficult for students to learn well in the process of teaching. In addition, the experimental course lacks integrity, comprehensiveness and design experiments. Under the guidance of outcome-based education (OBE) concept, we established a multi-dimensional teaching reform system through theoretically and practically introducing of various teaching methods, online courses, bilingual teaching, stronger practical teaching and optimized assessment mode. The teaching reform system could effectively allow students to change from "passive learning" to "active learning" through activating learning enthusiasm, resulting in cultivated innovation ability. This system could play very important role in promoting quality of talent training of colleges and universities.


Subject(s)
Biochemistry/education , China , Humans , Learning , Students , Universities/trends
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825693

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the influence of Lesbian's adverse childhood experience(ACE) on their smoking behavior. Methods The self-designed electronic questionnaire is used to conduct online questionnaire survey through wechat or QQ. Results A total of 294 lesbians were investigated and analyzed. 55.78% of them reported ACE experience, 33.33% of them reported abuse experience, 24.49% reported neglect experience, 32.65% reported family dysfunction experience. 55.10% of them reported smoking in the last 30 days, and the smoking rate of those with ACE experience (61.58%) was higher than those without ACE experience (46.92%), the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05); There was significant difference in smoking rate among family dysfunction in ACE (69.79% vs 47.98%, P<0.01) .Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that ACE experience (especially family dysfunction dimension) was a risk factor of smoking in lesbians. Conclusion Lesbians have higher ACE experience and smoking rate, and ACE is an important risk factor of smoking among lesbians.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824818

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the immune responses and protection against human metapneu-movirus ( hMPV) conveyed by influenza virus vectors carrying multiple epitope antigens of hMPV. Methods Two recombinant influenza viruses ( rFLU/hMPV/B and rFLU/hMPV/CTL+Th ) carrying hMPV multi-epitope gene segments in NS gene were generated by reverse genetic techniques of eight-plasmid system. BALB/c mice were immunized intranasally with rFLU/hMPV/B and rFLU/hMPV/CTL+Th twice at a two-week interval. Virus-specific antibody titers and splenocyte cytokines were detected two weeks after the boost immunization. Viral loads in lung tissues and turbinates were detected with digital PCR after the immunized mice were challenged with hMPV and influenza virus. Moreover, HE staining was used to observe lung inju-ries. Results Specific antibodies against both the influenza virus and hMPV were induced in mice immu-nized intranasally with rFLU/hMPV/B, while the influenza virus-specific antibody response and hMPV-spe-cific cytotoxic lymphocyte response ( significant IFN-γ secretion ) were detected in mice immunized with rFLU/hMPV/CTL+Th. Additionally, balanced Th1/Th2 responses were elicited by rFLU/hMPV/B and rFLU/hMPV/CTL+Th. Both rFLU/hMPV/B and rFLU/hMPV/CTL+Th conveyed effective protection against subsequent influenza virus and hMPV challenges with significantly alleviated histopathological dama-ges and reduced viral loads. Conclusions Both rFLU/hMPV/B and rFLU/hMPV/CTL+Th can induce spe-cific humoral immune response against hMPV and/or the influenza virus. Moreover, rFLU/hMPV/CTL+Th can also elicit hMPV-specific CTL immune response. These two recombinant strains can also protect BALB/c mice from the challenges with hMPV and influenza virus, suggesting that they are promising vaccine candi-dates.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871306

ABSTRACT

Objective:To retrospectively analyze the test results of novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) in different samples (throat swab, sputum and feces) collected from recovered COVID-19 patients in order to provide a more reliable basis for discharge and reduce the risk of recurrence after discharge.Methods:Throat swabs and sputum were sampled in pairs from 78 patients before discharge and sampled in pairs twice from 54 cases with an interval of 1-5 d. Real-time fluorescence quantitative RT-PCR was used to detect the virus in the two types of samples. Throat swab, sputum and fecal samples of six patients were tested for 2019-nCoV during follow-up.Results:The detection rate of viral nucleic acid was 46.15% in throat swabs and 50.00% in sputum samples. Test results of the second paired samples showed that the detection rate of viral nucleic acid was 25.93% in throat swabs and 46.30% in sputum samples, and the difference between the two types of samples was statistically significant ( P<0.05). During follow-up, 2019-nCoV nucleic acid could be detected in the fecal samples of the six patients, but not in their throat swab and sputum samples. Their fecal samples remained positive up to 52 d. Conclusions:In the late convalescence, the respiratory symptoms of COVID-19 patients gradually disappeared with the improvement of clinical symptoms. Moreover, the virus might enter the gastrointestinal tract from respiratory tract, and could long-term exist in recovered patients and be excreted in feces. In order to reduce the rate of missed detection and avoid false negative results, it was suggested to test the viral nucleic acid in different types of samples before a COVID-19 patient was discharged.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871294

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the characteristics and influence factors of laboratory test results of confirmed COVID-19 cases in Tianjin.Methods:Sample collection was conducted based on the standard operating procedure. Tianlong automatic magnetic bead nucleic acid extraction reagent was used for RNA extraction. Real-time RT-PCR was performed using four approved COVID-19 nucleic acid detection kits. Related epidemiological data of the cases were collected. One-way analysis of variance and non-parametric test for inter-group differences analysis were conducted using SPSS25.0 software.Results:A total of 162 PCR tests were completed for novel coronavirus nucleic acid detection in 123 confirmed COVID-19 cases. Eleven PCR results were positive for a single target gene and 10 of which were positive for nucleocapsid protein (N) gene. Nineteen cases were tested with two kinds of nucleic acid detection kits and the results of different detection kits were different. Different types of samples were collected form 13 cases for nucleic acid detection and the results showed that the Ct value of sputum sample was lower than that of throat swab sample. No significant difference in Ct values of throat swab samples was observed among patients with different clinical symptoms ( PCt-N=0.797, PCt-ORF1a/b=0.551). The 123 cases were divided into different groups according to the time interval between the onset date and the date of the first positive detection of viral nucleic acid. No significant difference in Ct values of throat swab samples was observed among different time interval groups ( PCt-N=0.373, PCt-ORF1a/b=0.058). Conclusions:Sputum samples were better than upper respiratory tract samples for viral nucleic acid detection. The sensitivity of N gene detection was higher, but re-sampling was needed when the result was positive for the single target N gene. Appropriate detection kits should be selected according to the actual needs, and samples should be collected at multiple time points, in multiple types and form multiple sites for detection.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871271

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the drug resistance and pathogenic mechanism of a uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) strain UPEC132 at the genome-wide level. Methods:The susceptibility of UPEC132 strain to 16 antimicrobial agents was determined by minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) assay. The UPEC132 strain was genotyped by multilocus sequence typing (MLST). The three-generation sequencing platform was used to sequence and assemble the whole genome of the UPEC132 strain. Drug resistance and virulence gene function annotations were predicted by Prodigal software and screened by using genome database. Genome sequences of the UPEC132 strain and 23 other UPEC strains collected from GenBank were phylogenetically analyzed, and a phylogenetic tree was constructed by RAxML software.Results:The UPEC132 strain was resistant to ampicillin, ampicillin/sulbactam, tetracycline, erythromycin, chloramphenicol and cefazolin. Its genotype was ST10522 by MLST. The whole genome of the UPEC132 strain included one complete genome (chromosome) and two plasmid sequences. The sequence sizes of the chromosome and plasmids 1 and 2 were 5 234 468 bp, 117 139 bp and 101 356 bp, and the guanine-cytosine (GC) content was 50.48%, 49.05%, and 54.04%, respectively. There were 4 856, 140 and 116 genes annotated in the chromosome and plasmids 1 and 2, respectively. Drug resistance genes were mainly distributed in the chromosomal genome, mainly including the multidrug resistance efflux pump gene clusters. Only blaTEM-1 and tetG genes were carried in the plasmid 2. Virulence genes were also mainly distributed in the chromosome genome, including nine pilus adhesins, five iron uptake systems and three secretory toxins. Gene clusters encoding Afa and type Ⅳ fimbriae were located on plasmids 1 and 2, respectively. The phylogenetic tree showed that the UPEC132 strain was not in the same branch with either of the 23 UPEC strains. Conclusions:The UPEC132 strain belonged to ST10522, which was a newly named ST type of Escherichia coli and first reported at home and abroad. The genome-wide genetic information of the UPEC132 strain was fully revealed. The multidrug resistance genes and virulence genes carried by the UPEC132 strain were associated with its drug resistance and pathogenicity.

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