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1.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 481-488, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013313

ABSTRACT

{L-End}Objective To investigate the role and mechanism of Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2)/nuclear factor-κB(NF-κB) signaling pathway in the inflammatory response induced by aluminum in the rat GMI-R1 microglia cells. {L-End}Methods GMI-R1 cells in logarithmic growth phase were randomly divided into the control group, positive control group, and low-, medium-, and high-dose groups. The cells in the three dose groups were stimulated with maltolol aluminum at concentrations of 100, 200, and 400 μmol/L, respectively. The cells in the positive control group were stimulated with lipopolysaccharide at a mass concentration of 20 mg/L, while the cells in the control group were not treated. The morphological changes of cells were observed, and the cell survival rate was evaluated by CCK-8 method after 24 hours of culture. The secretion levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL) -12 and IL-4 were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The relative protein expression of TLR2, NF-κB P65, cluster of differentiation (CD) 68 and CD206 of cells was detected by Western blotting, and the expression of CD68 and CD206 of cells was detected by immunofluorescence method. {L-End}Results The results of cell morphology showed that the number of GMI-R1 cells decreased, the number of activated cells increased, the degree of cell cytoplasm filling decreased, and the cell protrusions elongated with the increase of exposure dose, showing a dose-response relationship. The cell viability of the positive control group and the medium- and high-dose groups were significantly lower than those of the control group (all P<0.05). The secretion levels of TNF-α, IL-12 and the relative expression of TLR2 and CD68 proteins increased (all P<0.05) while the secretion level of IL-4 decreased (all P<0.05) in the cells of positive control group compared with the control group. The secretion levels of TNF-α and IL-12 increased (all P<0.05) while the secretion levels of IL-4 decreased in the cells of the three doses groups (all P<0.05), compared with the control group, and all showed a dose-effect relationship. The relative expression of TLR2 protein in the cells of the three doses groups increased (all P<0.05) compared with the control group. The relative expression of NF-κB p65 and CD68 protein in the cells of the medium- and high-dose groups increased (all P<0.05), but the relative expression of CD206 protein decreased (all P<0.05) compared with the control group. The relative expression of TLR2 and NF-κB p65 protein increased (all P<0.05) while the relative expression of CD206 protein decreased (all P<0.05) in cells of the high-dose group, compared with the low- and medium-dose groups. The average fluorescence intensity of CD68 increased (all P<0.05) while the average fluorescence intensity of CD206 decreased in the cells of high-dose group and the positive control group (all P<0.05), compared with the control group. {L-End}Conclusion Aluminum participated in and promoted the inflammatory response of GMI-R1 cells through the TLR2/NF-κB signaling pathway.

2.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 916-919, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011069

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics and surgical treatment outcomes of children with cervical bronchogenic cysts. Methods:A retrospective study of 6 pediatric patients with bronchogenic cysts in the neck region treated in our hospital during 2014 to 2020 was performed. All children underwent complete resection of cervical mass under general anesthesia. Results:There were 6 children, aged from 1 to 5 years, with a median of 2.25 years. There were 3 males and 3 females. The lesions were located on the left neck in 3 cases, the midline neck in 2 cases and the right neck in 1 case. The clinical manifestations were painless mass in 5 cases and recurrent neck infection in 1 case. The size of the mass ranged from 2.1 to 7.5 cm. There was no characteristic clinical or imaging features of bronchogenic cysts. Misdiagnosed as lymphangioma in 3 cases, thyroglossal cyst in 2 cases and piriform fistula in 1 case. The follow-up ranged from 1.50 to 7.75 years, with a median of 4.13 years. All 6 children had no recurrence or complications. Conclusion:Although rare, bronchogenic cysts should be considered in the differential diagnosis of cervical cystic masses in children. Surgery is the most effective way to treat cervical bronchogenic cyst, and histopathological examination is the gold standard for diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Bronchogenic Cyst/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Neck/surgery , Diagnosis, Differential , Treatment Outcome
3.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 622-631, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011018

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the perioperative airway management and treatment of newborns with micrognathia and laryngomalacia. Methods:From January to December 2022, a total of 6 newborns with micrognathia and laryngomalacia were included. Preoperative laryngoscopy revealed concomitant laryngomalacia. These micrognathia were diagnosed as Pierre Robin sequences. All patients had grade Ⅱ or higher symptoms of laryngeal obstruction and required oxygen therapy or non-invasive ventilatory support. All patients underwent simultaneous laryngomalacia surgery and mandibular distraction osteogenesis. The shortened aryepiglottic folds were ablated using a low-temperature plasma radiofrequency during the operation. Tracheal intubation was maintained for 3-5 days postoperatively. Polysomnography(PSG) and airway CT examination were performed before and 3 months after the surgery. Results:Among the 6 patients, 4 required oxygen therapy preoperatively and 2 required non-invasiveventilatory support. The mean age of patients was 40 days at surgery. The inferior alveolar nerve bundle was not damaged during the operation, and there were no signs of mandibular branch injury such as facial asymmetry after the surgery. Laryngomalacia presented as mixed type: type Ⅱ+ type Ⅲ. The maximum mandibular distraction distance was 20 mm, the minimum was 12 mm, and the mean was 16 mm. The posterior airway space increased from a preoperative average of 3.5 mm to a postoperative average of 9.5 mm. The AHI decreased from a mean of 5.65 to 0.85, and the lowest oxygen saturation increased from a mean of 78% to 95%. All patients were successfully extubated after the surgery, and symptoms of laryngeal obstruction such as hypoxia and feeding difficulties disappeared. Conclusion:Newborns with micrognathia and laryngomalacia have multi-planar airway obstruction. Simultaneous laryngomalacia surgery and mandibular distraction osteogenesis are safe and feasible, and can effectively alleviate symptoms of laryngeal obstruction such as hypoxia and feeding difficulties, while significantly improving the appearance of micrognathia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Micrognathism/surgery , Laryngomalacia/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Mandible/surgery , Airway Obstruction/surgery , Intubation, Intratracheal , Laryngeal Diseases , Osteogenesis, Distraction , Oxygen , Retrospective Studies
4.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 51-51, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010706

ABSTRACT

Periodontitis is caused by overactive osteoclast activity that results in the loss of periodontal supporting tissue and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are essential for periodontal regeneration. However, the hypoxic periodontal microenvironment during periodontitis induces the apoptosis of MSCs. Apoptotic bodies (ABs) are the major product of apoptotic cells and have been attracting increased attention as potential mediators for periodontitis treatment, thus we investigated the effects of ABs derived from MSCs on periodontitis. MSCs were derived from bone marrows of mice and were cultured under hypoxic conditions for 72 h, after which ABs were isolated from the culture supernatant using a multi-filtration system. The results demonstrate that ABs derived from MSCs inhibited osteoclast differentiation and alveolar bone resorption. miRNA array analysis showed that miR-223-3p is highly enriched in those ABs and is critical for their therapeutic effects. Targetscan and luciferase activity results confirmed that Itgb1 is targeted by miR-223-3p, which interferes with the function of osteoclasts. Additionally, DC-STAMP is a key regulator that mediates membrane infusion. ABs and pre-osteoclasts expressed high levels of DC-STAMP on their membranes, which mediates the engulfment of ABs by pre-osteoclasts. ABs with knock-down of DC-STAMP failed to be engulfed by pre-osteoclasts. Collectively, MSC-derived ABs are targeted to be engulfed by pre-osteoclasts via DC-STAMP, which rescued alveolar bone loss by transferring miR-223-3p to osteoclasts, which in turn led to the attenuation of their differentiation and bone resorption. These results suggest that MSC-derived ABs are promising therapeutic agents for the treatment of periodontitis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteoclasts , Alveolar Bone Loss/therapy , Cell Differentiation , MicroRNAs , Periodontitis/therapy , Extracellular Vesicles , Apoptosis , Mesenchymal Stem Cells
5.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 780-789, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970407

ABSTRACT

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology are the cornerstone courses of talent training in the field of life science. Taking these course as an example, this study explored reconstructing the knowledge framework, developing teaching cases, sharing teaching resources, innovating teaching means and establishing ideological education patterns. Supported by the scientific research achievements with discipline characteristics and online teaching platform, this research explored and practiced an integrated curriculum reform mode. This mode is guided by scientific research and education, based on the course development, and driven by communication and cooperation. A shared space of "exchange, practice, openness and informatization" was developed to achieve free and independent integration of undergraduate and graduate teaching motivated by learning knowledge, resulting in an effective student training.


Subject(s)
Humans , Curriculum , Students , Learning , Molecular Biology/education , Biochemistry/education
6.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 370-375, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964798

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate whether endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) can be an alternative method for diagnostic endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) by comparing the ability of EUS versus CT and transabdominal ultrasonography (TUS) in the diagnosis of muddy stones of the common bile duct. Methods A prospective study was conducted for 53 patients suspected of muddy stones of the common bile duct who attended Nanxishan Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region from July 2019 to December 2021, and all patients underwent EUS, TUS, and CT before ERCP. With ERCP and endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST) for removing muddy stones of the common bile duct as the gold standard for the diagnosis of muddy stones of the common bile duct, EUS, TUS, and CT were compared in terms of their ability to display the muddy stones of the common bile duct. The chi-square test or the Fisher's exact test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. Results In the 53 patients, EUS, TUS, and CT had a positive rate of 88.68%, 50.94%, and 62.26%, respectively, in detecting muddy stones of the common bile duct. As for the positive results confirmed by EST under ERCP, EUS had a sensitivity of 93.75%, a specificity of 60.00%, and an accuracy of 90.57% in detecting muddy stones of the common bile duct, while TUS had a sensitivity of 56.25%, a specificity of 100.00%, and an accuracy of 60.38% and CT had a sensitivity of 66.67%, a specificity of 80.00%, and an accuracy of 67.92%. There was a significant difference between EUS and CT in the accuracy in detecting muddy stones of the common bile duct ( χ 2 =8.26, P =0.004), and there was also a significant difference in diagnostic accuracy between EUS and TUS ( χ 2 =13.05, P < 0.001). Conclusion EUS is more accurate than TUS and CT in the diagnosis of muddy stones of the common bile duct, and instead of ERCP, EUS is thus recommended for suspected muddy stones of the common bile duct when TUS and CT fail to identify the lesions in clinical practice, so as to make a confirmed diagnosis and reduce related costs and complications.

7.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3876-3886, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008000

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the application of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)-based interpenetrating network temperature-sensitive hydrogels (notation: IPNT) as the delivery vehicle for phage endolysin Lys84 and the potential of drug-loaded hydrogels as antimicrobial materials. Interpenetrating network temperature-sensitive hydrogels were prepared by free radical polymerization of sodium alginate and N-isopropylacrylamide. Drug-loaded hydrogels (IPNT-Lys84) were obtained by dry soaking method with the endolysin Lys84 of Staphylococcus aureus phage. The physical properties of the hydrogels with and without drug loading were characterized by infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and differential scanning calorimetry. The swelling and deswelling of the hydrogels as well as the release of endolysin Lys84 were investigated. Moreover, the antibacterial properties of IPNT-Lys84 hydrogels at different temperatures and concentrations of the drug solution were studied. The results showed that IPNT-Lys84 hydrogel had uniform pores and a low critical solubility temperature (LCST) of 32 ℃. The equilibrium swelling of the hydrogel was 30 g/g, and the water loss rate was 88% upon deswelling. The release rate of endolysin reached more than 70% within 6 h at 37 ℃. The bactericidal rate of IPNT-Lys84 hydrogel was over 99.9%. The research results showed the feasibility of using IPNT to deliver the endolysin Lys84, and IPNT-Lys84 hydrogel might be an effective antimicrobial material against multi-drug resistant Staphylococcus aureus.


Subject(s)
Hydrogels/chemistry , Bacteriophages , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus , Temperature , Anti-Infective Agents
8.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 853-858, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005640

ABSTRACT

【 Objective:】 To understand subjects’ experiences and opinions on clinical trials of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and the process of informed consent during the process of participating in TCM clinical trials, and to provide reference for obtaining high-quality informed consent in TCM clinical trials. 【Methods:】 Using qualitative research methods, semi-structured individual in-depth interviews were conducted on 6 participants who had previously participated in TCM clinical trials. 【Results:】 Through data analysis, five major themes and several sub-themes were obtained, including the reasons why participants are willing to participate in TCM clinical trials, the concerns about unwillingness to participate, the information that they hope to be informed during the informed consent process, the specific content that they want to know in TCM clinical trials, and the evaluation of understanding and satisfaction with informed consent. 【Conclusion:】 In the process of informed consent in TCM clinical trials, attention should be paid to the explanation of adverse drug reactions of TCM, the reasonable arrangement and clear notification of the time for participants to participate in the trial, emotional humanistic care in the process of informed consent communication, and the value embodiment of subjects and their expectations for acquiring special knowledge of TCM.

9.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 52-61, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995697

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic accuracy of serological indicators and evaluate the diagnostic value of a new established combined serological model on identifying the minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) in patients with compensated cirrhosis.Methods:This prospective multicenter study enrolled 263 compensated cirrhotic patients from 23 hospitals in 15 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities of China between October 2021 and August 2022. Clinical data and laboratory test results were collected, and the model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score was calculated. Ammonia level was corrected to the upper limit of normal (AMM-ULN) by the baseline blood ammonia measurements/upper limit of the normal reference value. MHE was diagnosed by combined abnormal number connection test-A and abnormal digit symbol test as suggested by Guidelines on the management of hepatic encephalopathy in cirrhosis. The patients were randomly divided (7∶3) into training set ( n=185) and validation set ( n=78) based on caret package of R language. Logistic regression was used to establish a combined model of MHE diagnosis. The diagnostic performance was evaluated by the area under the curve (AUC) of receiver operating characteristic curve, Hosmer-Lemeshow test and calibration curve. The internal verification was carried out by the Bootstrap method ( n=200). AUC comparisons were achieved using the Delong test. Results:In the training set, prevalence of MHE was 37.8% (70/185). There were statistically significant differences in AMM-ULN, albumin, platelet, alkaline phosphatase, international normalized ratio, MELD score and education between non-MHE group and MHE group (all P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that AMM-ULN [odds ratio ( OR)=1.78, 95% confidence interval ( CI) 1.05-3.14, P=0.038] and MELD score ( OR=1.11, 95% CI 1.04-1.20, P=0.002) were independent risk factors for MHE, and the AUC for predicting MHE were 0.663, 0.625, respectively. Compared with the use of blood AMM-ULN and MELD score alone, the AUC of the combined model of AMM-ULN, MELD score and education exhibited better predictive performance in determining the presence of MHE was 0.755, the specificity and sensitivity was 85.2% and 55.7%, respectively. Hosmer-Lemeshow test and calibration curve showed that the model had good calibration ( P=0.733). The AUC for internal validation of the combined model for diagnosing MHE was 0.752. In the validation set, the AUC of the combined model for diagnosing MHE was 0.794, and Hosmer-Lemeshow test showed good calibration ( P=0.841). Conclusion:Use of the combined model including AMM-ULN, MELD score and education could improve the predictive efficiency of MHE among patients with compensated cirrhosis.

10.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 525-533, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995320

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the status of T, B and NK lymphocytes in peripheral blood of patients with chronic hepatitis B virus(HBV) infection and low-level viremia after nucleos(t)ide analogue (NA) treatment and to provide ideas for solving low-level viremia.Methods:This retrospective study involved 344 patients with chronic HBV infection who had been treated with NAs. They were divided into two groups: low-level viremia group (LLV group) and complete virological response group (CVR group). Clinical data including basic information, biochemistry and coagulation test results, HBV DNA, peripheral blood lymphocyte counts, PD1 and CD28 expression by T lymphocytes, and perforin and granzyme B expression by NK lymphocytes were collected and compared between the two groups. Propensity matching analysis was performed to verify the accuracy of the results.Results:Among the 344 cases, 162 were in the LLV group and 182 in the CVR group. There were no significant differences in disease diagnosis, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or albumin (ALB) level between the two groups ( P>0.05), but the differences in gender and age were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The differences in the counts and percentages of peripheral blood CD3 +, CD4 + and CD8 + T lymphocyte and CD4 + /CD8 + ratios between the two groups were not statistically significant ( P>0.05), but the expression of PD1 and CD28 by peripheral blood CD3 +, CD4 + and CD8 + T lymphocytes was higher in the LLV group than in the CVR group ( P<0.05). The count of peripheral blood CD19 + B lymphocytes in the LLV group was higher than that in the CVR group ( P>0.05), and the percentage of peripheral blood CD19 + B lymphocytes was also higher in the LLV group ( P<0.05). The count of peripheral blood CD16 + CD56 + NK lymphocytes and the expression of perforin in the LLV group were lower than those in the CVR group ( P>0.05). The percentage of peripheral blood CD16 + CD56 + NK lymphocytes and the expression of granzyme B in the LLV group were lower than those in the CVR group ( P<0.05). After propensity score matching, 108 cases in the LLV group and 108 cases in the CVR group showed no significant differences in basic information ( P>0.05); the percentage of CD4 + T lymphocytes and CD4 + /CD8 + ratio in peripheral blood T lymphocyte subsets were higher in the LLV group than in the CVR group, while the percentage of CD8 + lymphocytes was lower in the LLV group ( P<0.05); the expression of PD1 and CD28 by CD3 +, CD4 + and CD8 + T lymphocytes remained higher in the LLV group ( P<0.05); the differences in the counts and percentages of peripheral blood CD19 + B lymphocytes as well as CD16 + CD56 + NK lymphocytes between the two groups were not statistically significant ( P>0.05); no significant difference in the expression of perforin by CD16 + CD56 + NK lymphocytes was found between the two groups ( P>0.05), and the expression of granzyme B remained lower in the LLV group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Abnormal number and function of T lymphocytes and decreased function of NK lymphocytes might be related to the development of LLV in patients with chronic HBV infection after treatment. Therefore, in addition to adjusting NAs, targeting of T and NK lymphocytes might also be a feasible measure for future LLV treatment.

11.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 726-732, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993882

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct and validate a predictive model of fecal/urinary incontinence among older adults in China.Methods:Data was obtained from the Seventh Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey in 2018.In the questionnaire, "Are you able to control your bowel and urine" , was regarded as the main effect indicator.Receiver operating curves(ROC)were used to find the best cut-off values of calf circumference for predicting fecal/urinary incontinence, and univariate Logistic model method was used to explore the potential factors associated with fecal/urinary incontinence among community-living older adults in China.A random sampling method was used to extract 70% of the survey data as the training set, and the remaining 30% of the survey data as the test set.A multivariate Logistic regression analysis was conducted in the training set to build a prediction model that encompassed all predictors, and a nomogram was plotted.Results:Logistic regression analysis showed that age, small calf circumference(male <28.5 cm, female <26.5 cm), inability to walk 1 km continuously, inability to lift 5 kg items, inability to do three consecutive squats, limited daily activities, and a history of urinary system disorders, nervous system disorders, and cerebrovascular disorders were all risk factors for fecal/urinary incontinence for older adults in China.Female, better socioeconomic status, and normal body mass index were protective factors for fecal/urinary incontinence.The Logistic regression model for predicting fecal/urinary incontinence among Chinese older adults was constructed using the above twelve factors.The consistency index(C-index)value of the model was 0.907, indicating that the model had good predictive ability.The area under the ROC curve(AUC)of the overall sample, training set and test set were 0.906(95% CI: 0.896-0.917), 0.907(95 % CI: 0.894-0.921)and 0.910(95% CI: 0.892-0.928), respectively, indicating that the model had high prediction ability and good discrimination. Conclusions:Age, sex, calf circumference, ability to walk 1 km continuously, ability to lift 5 kg items, ability to do three consecutive squats, daily activities, history of urinary system disorders, nervous system disorders and cerebrovascular disorders, socioeconomic status, and body mass index were independent predictors for fecal/urinary incontinence among older adults in China.The nomogram based on the above indicators has a good predictive effect on fecal/urinary incontinence for older adults.

12.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 547-553, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993125

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the method to reduce X-ray exposure during ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) by comparing the cryoballoon (CRYO) ablation and remote magnetic navigation (RMN) ablation.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted on 144 patients undergoing CRYO ablation (CRYO group) and 121 patients undergoing RMN ablation (RMN group) in our hospital. Entrance surface doses at reference points online, exposure time during procedure and outcomes were analyzed for different types of patients.Results:Compared with the RMN group, the procedure time for the CRYO group significantly decreased [(165.0±23.6), (97.8±18.4) min, t=26.05, P<0.001]. However, the entrance surface dose value [(232.3±130.7), (669.0±387.5) mGy, Z=-12.29, P<0.001] and X-ray exposure time [(8.1±3.1), (23.4±6.2) min, t=-24.57, P<0.001] increased significantly for the CRYO group. No significant difference was found between the two groups in the proportion of maintaining sinus rhythm during follow-up of patients (71.9%, 75.7%, P=0.618). Multiple regression analysis showed that obese patients, patients with non-paroxysmal AF and patients with variant pulmonary veins were associated with an increase in entrance surface dose values in the CRYO group ( t=5.47, 2.23, 3.39, P<0.05). The X-ray exposure time for the three types patients above in the CRYO group also increased ( t=2.87, 3.86, 3.25, P<0.05) in the CRYO group. However, only obese patients in the RMN group had an increase in entrance surface dose value ( Z=-4.15, P<0.001) and no increase in exposure time. For the three types of patients above, there was no significant difference in proportion of maintaining sinus rhythm between the CRYO group and the RMN group during follow-up ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Compared with RMN ablation, the radiation exposure of CRYO AF ablation significantly increased, especially in obese patients, patients with non-paroxysmal AF and patients with pulmonary veins variation. The use of RMN for these types of patients may reduce the radiation exposure without affecting the procedure outcomes.

13.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 134-139, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990822

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the preliminary effectiveness and safety of surgical peripheral iridectomy (SPI) combined with goniosynechilysis (GSL) and goniotomy (GT) in the treatment of advanced primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG).Methods:A multicenter observational case series study was performed.Thirty-five eyes of 27 patients with advanced PACG, who underwent SPI+ GSL+ GT with a follow-up of at least 6 months, were included from August 2021 to January 2022 at Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Handan City Eye Hospital, Shijiazhuang People's Hospital, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, and the Third Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University.The mean follow-up time was 9(7, 10) months.Pre- and post-operative best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and intraocular pressure (IOP) were measured with an ETDRS chart and a Goldmann applanation tonometer, respectively.The number of anti-glaucoma medications applied before and after surgery was recorded, and the complications after surgery were analyzed.Success rate of surgery was calculated.Complete surgical success was defined as an IOP of 5-18 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) and 20% reduction from baseline without anti-glaucoma medication or reoperation.Qualified success was defined as achieving criterion of complete success under anti-glaucoma medications.This study adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki.The study protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee of Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat-sen University (No.2021KYPJ177). Written informed consent was obtained from each subject.Results:The mean preoperative IOP was (30.83±8.87)mmHg, which was significantly decreased to (15.69±3.70)mmHg at 6 months after the surgery ( t=8.588, P<0.001), with a 44.00% (34.78%, 60.00%) decline of 13.00(8.00, 21.00)mmHg.The median number of anti-glaucoma medications was significantly reduced from 2(0, 3) preoperatively to 0 (0, 1) postoperatively ( Z=-3.659, P<0.001). The mean preoperative and postoperative 6-month BCVA were 0.80(0.63, 1.00) and 0.80(0.60, 1.00), respectively, showing no significant difference ( Z=-0.283, P=0.777). Complete surgical success rate was 62.86%(22/35), and the qualified success rate was 91.43%(32/35). Surgical complications mainly included hyphema (6/35), IOP spike (3/35), and shallow anterior chamber (4/35). There was no vision-threatening complication. Conclusions:SPI+ GSL+ GT is preliminarily effective and safe in the treatment of advanced PACG, which provides a new option for PACG.

14.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 1551-1555, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009339

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a patient with Dilated cardiomyopathy.@*METHODS@#A patient admitted to Beijing Anzhen Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University in April 2022 was selected as the study subject. Clinical data and family history of the patient was collected. Targeted exome sequencing was carried out. Candidate variant was verified by Sanger sequencing and bioinformatic analysis based on guidelines of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG).@*RESULTS@#DNA sequencing revealed that the patient has harbored a heterozygous c.5044dupG frameshift variant of the FLNC gene. Based on the ACMG guidelines, the variant was predicted to be likely pathogenic (PVS1+PM2_Supporting+PP4).@*CONCLUSION@#The heterozygous c.5044dupG variant of the FLNC gene probably underlay the pathogenesis in this patient, which has provided a basis for the genetic counseling for his family.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated/genetics , Genetic Testing , Genetic Counseling , Computational Biology , Frameshift Mutation , Mutation , Filamins
15.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 1531-1535, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009335

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis of a patient with clinically suspected Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS).@*METHODS@#A child who had presented at Beijing Anzhen Hospital in September 2018 was selected as the study subject. Clinical data and family history of the patient were collected, along with peripheral blood samples of the proband and his parents. Whole exome sequencing (WES) was carried out through next-generation sequencing.@*RESULTS@#Candidate variants were searched through bioinformatic analysis focusing on genes associated with hereditary aortic aneurysms. Candidate variant was verified by Sanger sequencing. The patient was found to have cardiovascular abnormalities including early-onset aortic dilatation and coarctation, and LDS syndrome was suspected. WES revealed that he has harbored a heterozygous c.1526G>T missense variant of the TGFBR2 gene. The same variant was not found in either parent and was predicted as likely pathogenic (PM1+PM2_Supporting+ PM6+PP3+PP4) based on the guidelines from the American College for Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG).@*CONCLUSION@#The TGFBR2 c.1526G>T variant probably underlay the LDS in this patient and was unreported previously in China. Above finding has enriched the mutational spectrum of the TGFBR2 gene associated with the LDS and provided a basis for the genetic counseling for the patient.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Male , China , Computational Biology , Family , Loeys-Dietz Syndrome/genetics , Mutation , Receptor, Transforming Growth Factor-beta Type II/genetics
16.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 490-493, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958818

ABSTRACT

Health manpower is key to the functioning of the health system. There exists a general need to strengthen health human resources in countries at large as they achieve universal health coverage. Through the systematic collection and sorting out of the declarations, initiatives, guidelines in the world and topics at the World Health Assemblies on health manpower-related issues since 2000, this paper summarized and analyzed the key issues and trends on health manpower planning, education and training, international migration, and compensation management, in order to provide reference for China′s health manpower management and practice.

17.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 486-489, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958817

ABSTRACT

The authors systematically reviewed the progress of health human resources development, personnel management system and conceptual changes from 2011 to 2020 in China, and analyzed the status quo in this regard. The past 10 years have witnessed rapid progress of health human resources, namely better personnel management system and constant innovation in human development concepts. As required by the strategy of empowering the country with talents in the new era, as well as the overall promotion for the Healthy China initiative and the high-quality development of the health industry, higher requirements have been put forward for the quantity and quality, structural distribution and management innovation of health human resources. Therefore it is necessary to further expand the coverage of talents work and innovate talents policy, thus keeping the upgrade of the capability and competence of health talents.

18.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 659-666, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958349

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic value of independent and combined subtests of the psychometric hepatic encephalopathy score (PHES) in mild hepatic encephalopathy(MHE) of patients with liver cirrhosis, so as to optimize the PHES.Methods:This was a prospective, multicenter and real-world study which was sponsored by the National Clinical Research Center of Infectious Diseases and the Portal Hypertension Consortium. Twenty-six hospitals from 13 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities countrywide participated in this study, induding Tianjin Third Central Hospital, the Fourth People′s Hospital of Qinghai Province, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Baotou Medical College, the Third People′s Hospital of Taiyuan, the Fifth Medical Center of PLA General Hospital and so on. From October 2021 to February 2022, outpatients and hospitalized patients with liver cirrhosis and no obvious hepatic encephalopathy were consecutively enrolled. All patients received 5 PHES subjects in the same order: number connection test(NCT)-A, NCT-B, digit symbol test(DST), line tracing test(LTT) and serial dotting test(SDT), and the scores were calculated. The total score of PHES <-4 was taken as the cut-off value for diagnosing MHE. Compare the differences in each subtest between MHE group and non-MHE group. Receiver operating characteristic curve(ROC) and area under the curve(AUC) was performed to assess the diagnostic value of independent and combined subtests in MHE. Mann-Whitney U test and DeLong test were used for statistical analysis. Results:A total of 581 patients with liver cirrhosis were enrolled, 457 were diagnosed as MHE, and the incidence of MHE was 78.7%. The results of NCT-A, NCT-B, SDT, LTT, DST of MHE group were 60.00 s(47.01 s, 88.00 s), 90.45 s(69.32 s, 125.35 s), 74.00 s(57.65 s, 96.60 s), 74.72(60.00, 98.61) and 27.00(20.00, 36.00), respectively. Compared those of non-MHE group(34.00 s(29.15 s, 44.48 s), 50.00 s(40.98 s, 60.77 s), 50.00 s(41.07 s, 63.03 s), 46.23(38.55, 59.42) and 42.00(34.00, 50.75)), the differences were statistically significant( Z=12.37, 12.98, 9.83, 11.56, 10.66; all P<0.001). The AUC(95% confidence interval(95% CI)) of subtests of PHES NCT-B, NCT-A, LTT, DST and SDT alone in MHE diagnosis were 0.880(0.849 to 0.910), 0.862(0.828 to 0.896), 0.838(0.799 to 0.877), 0.812(0.772 to 0.851) and 0.788(0.743 to 0.832), respectively. The combination of 2 PHES subtests significantly increased the diagnostic efficacy. Among them the diagnostic efficacy of the combination of NCT-B and LTT was the best, the AUC(95% CI) was 0.924(0.902 to 0.947), the specificity was 91.9% and the sensitivity was 79.2%, which was better than a single PHES subtest (NCT-A, NCT-B, SDT, LTT and DST) and the combination of NCT-A and DST(AUC was 0.879, 95% CI0.847 to 0.910) which was recommended by guidelines on the management of hepatic encephalopathy in cirrhosis, the differences were statistically significant ( Z=3.78, 3.83, 5.57, 5.51, 5.38, 2.93; all P<0.01). Furthermore, compared between the combination of NCT-B and LTT and the combination of 3 subests of PHES, only the diagnostic efficacy of combination of NCT-B, LTT and SDT (AUC was 0.936, 95% CI 0.916 to 0.956) was better than that of the combination of NCT-B and LTT, the difference was statistically significant( Z=2.32, P=0.020). Conclusion:Based on the diagnostic efficacy and clinical feasibility of PHES subtests and their combinations, the combination of NCT-B and LTT is recommended for the diagnosis of MHE.

19.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 872-876, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957980

ABSTRACT

Internuclear ophthalmoplegia mainly affects the horizontal movement disorder of the eyeball. "One and a half syndrome" is characterized by a combination of one eyeball on the affected side cannot be adducted and abducted, and the other eyeball cannot be adducted, but can be abducted accompanied by horizontal nystagmus due to the lesion of tegmental pontine. At present, articles have successively reported "eight and a half syndromes""nine syndromes""thirteen and a half syndromes" and so on. The rapid identification of "one and a half syndrome" spectrum is helpful for clinicians to make right positioning and clinical decision-making. A case of bilateral peripheral facial paralysis with bilaterally horizontal gaze palsy caused by pontine dorsal tegmental lesions is now reported, so as to improve the understanding of the anatomical location and heterogeneity of pontine lesion.

20.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 675-678, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957828

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the strategies of distal embolic filter protection(DEFP) during excimer laser ablation (ELA) or percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy (PMT) in treatment of peripheral artery disease.Methods:Clinical data of 29 patients undergoing ELA or PMT under the DEFP from Oct 2019 to Aug 2021 were retrospectively collected to analyze the strategies of DEFP and high-risk factors of capturing clinically significant macrodebris.Results:There were 21 males and 8 females, aged (70.3±11.0) years with 32 lesions (29 limbs) including 5 in-stent restenosis (ISR), 10 thrombosis and 17 chronic total occlusion (CTO). The technical success rate of DEFP device release and recovery was 100%. The overall debris capture rate was 77.3% and the macrodebris capture rate was 36.4%. Even with DEFP the distal embolization (DE) incidence was 3.4%. When ELA for CTO with severe calcification or long-segment ISR lesions, the capture rate of macrodebris was as high as 60.0%, and the former was significantly higher than ELA for CTO without high calcification lesions ( P<0.05). Conclusion:ELA or PMT under the DEFP in treatment of peripheral artery disease appears to be of great significance in preventing DE.

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