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1.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 93-96, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994700

ABSTRACT

From November 2020 to November 2021, the TEST(Task-Experience- Supervise-Thinking) teaching model was adopted for general practice residency training in teaching clinic of Changfeng Health Service Center of Shanghai Putuo district. The satisfaction of mentors, residents and patients was surveyed with self-assessment questionnaire. The satisfaction scores of mentors, residents and patients were (79.89±0.40), (79.96±0.19) and (49.92±0.40). The adaption of model TEST in teaching clinic is more effective in training of clinical competency, communication ability, management ability and narrative ability for general practice residents. It is also beneficial for mentors to upgrade their teaching ability, as well as for patients to improve their experience and satisfaction for seeking medical service. It is worth popularizing in the community practice base of general resident training.

2.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 361-364, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994476

ABSTRACT

Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory disease. In addition to subjective evaluation, some objective quantifiable indices are needed for the diagnosis and treatment of rosacea. Some skin imaging and noninvasive measurement tools have been applied to clinical practice, and can provide quantitative or semi-quantitative indices to assist the diagnosis and treatment of rosacea. This review summarizes relevant research progress to provide evidence for clinical standardized application.

3.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 394-403, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992614

ABSTRACT

Hip fractures are among the most common fractures in the elderly, presenting to be a leading cause of disability and mortality. Surgical treatment is currently the main treatment method for hip fractures. The incidence of perioperative malnutrition is increased after hip fractures in the elderly due to the comorbidities, decreased basal metabolic rate, accelerated protein breakdown, weakened anabolism and surgical stress. However, malnutrition not only increases the incidence of postoperative complications, but also leads to increased mortality, indicating an important role of perioperative nursing management of nutrition for the elderly patients with hip fractures. At present, there still lacks scientific guidance and application standards on perioperative nursing management of nutrition for the elderly patients with hip fractures. Therefore, the Orthopedic Nursing Committee of Chinese Nursing Association and the Editorial Board of Chinese Journal of Trauma organized relevant experts to formulate the Expert consensus on perioperative nursing management of nutrition for elderly patients with hip fractures ( version 2023) according to evidence-based medical evidences and their clinical experiences. Fourteen recommendations were made from aspects of nutrition screening, nutrition assessment, nutrition diagnosis, nutrition intervention and nutrition monitoring to provide guidance for perioperative nursing management of nutrition in elderly patients with hip fractures.

4.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 564-569, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992134

ABSTRACT

Motoric cognitive risk syndrome (MCR), as a new type of "pre-dementia" , is a sensitive prediction indicators of falls.There may be multiple attribution pathways between MCR and falls, which provides a new health management strategy in the fall prevention for community-dwelling elderly.The paper reviews the current status of MCR-related falling, attribution characteristics, the methods of risk assessment and health management strategies for older adults with MCR, with the aim of providing a reference for promoting systematic research on falls among senior citizens with MCR and the practice of falls prevention in the community.

5.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 39-43, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991703

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy and adverse reactions of pemetrexed disodium in the maintenance treatment of advanced lung adenocarcinoma after chemotherapy with pemetrexed disodium and platinum.Methods:The clinical data of 35 patients with stage Ⅳ lung adenocarcinoma who received chemotherapy with pemetrexed disodium and platinum and were well treated in Beijing Huairou Hospital from January 2013 to August 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Maintenance therapy with pemetrexed disodium was initiated after the completion of combination chemotherapy until disease progression. The clinical characteristics, therapeutic effects, adverse reactions, progression-free survival, and overall survival of the 35 patients were evaluated.Results:Among the 35 patients, no patients had complete remission, 11 patients had partial remission, 22 patients had stable disease, and 2 patients had progressive disease. The objective remission rate was 31.4%, disease control rate was 94.3%, median progression-free survival was 9.53 months, median overall survival was 18.21 months, 1-year survival rate was 68.6%, 2-year survival rate was 31.4%, and 3-year survival rate was 11.4%. Gender, age, smoking, and the baseline characteristics of patients undergoing first-line pemetrexed disodium or second-line pemetrexed disodium treatment had no effects on progression-free survival (all P > 0.05). Positive gene mutation and receiving four or more chemotherapy cycles had a protective effect on progression-free survival (both P < 0.05). Chemotherapy-related adverse reactions mainly included myelosuppression, nausea, elevated transaminase, and nephrotoxicity, all of which were mild and were relieved after symptomatic treatment. Conclusion:Pemetrexed disodium is effective and safe in the maintenance treatment of advanced lung adenocarcinoma. The results of this study are scientific.

6.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 481-487, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991041

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical features of convulsion in rotavirus enteritis and the risk factors of multiple convulsion.Methods:The clinical data of children with rotavirus enteritis complicated with convulsion admitted to Xi'an Children's Hospital from January 2018 to March 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. According to whether there was fever during convulsion, they were divided into febrile seizure (FS) group and afebrile seizure (AFS) group.Results:A total of 274 children with rotavirus enteritis accompanied by convulsion were enrolled. The male to female ratio was 2.26∶1 in the FS group, while the male to female ratio was 1∶1.1 in the AFS group. The median number of vomiting in the AFS group was higher than that in the FS group: 4(2, 6) times per day vs. 2(1, 5) times per day, P<0.01. One convulsion was dominant in the FS group (80.68%), and more than two convulsions in the AFS group (62.90%). In the FS group, 60.23% of convulsions occurred on the first day of the course of disease, while in the AFS group,79.57% of convulsions mainly occurred on the second and third day of the course of disease. There was no statistical difference in duration of convulsion and overall course of disease between the two groups ( P>0.05). The median of hypersensitive C-reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT) in FS group were higher than those in AFS group: 5.52(1.45, 15.50) mg/L vs. 0.98(0.50, 3.17) mg/L, 0.17(0.07, 0.46) μg/L vs. 0.06(0.05, 0.15) μg/L. The median of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), uric acid (UA) and creatine kinase isoenzyme(CK-MB) in the AFS group were higher than those in the FS group: 28.00(21.00, 34.25) U/L vs. 25.00(19.00, 31.00) U/L, 53.00(45.00, 62.00) U/L vs. 50.00(40.00, 58.00) U/L, 390.00(296.00, 474.25) μmol/L vs. 331.00(250.00, 399.75) μmol/L, 67.00(49.75, 94.25) U/L vs. 59.50(37.25, 78.75) U/L, the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The median age and the median of UA levels in ≥3 convulsions group were higher than those in ≤2 convulsions group: 21(18, 26) months vs. 18(15, 21) months, 411.00(296.50, 496.50) μmol/L vs. 364.00(278.00, 440.50) μmol/L, while the median of serum Na +, the mean value of serum Cl - in the ≥3 convulsions group were lower than those in the ≤2 convulsions group: 135.50(133.75, 137.25) mmol/L vs. 136.60(134.50, 138.20) mmol/L, (103.76 ± 3.26) mmol/L vs. (105.08 ± 4.26) mmol/L, the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The age ≥18 months in children with rotavirus enteritis and convulsion ( OR = 3.359, P = 0.002, 95% CI 1.544 - 7.307) and the serum Cl - < 104.8 mmol/L ( OR = 2.17, P = 0.019, 95% CI 1.138 - 4.138) had an increased risk of convulsions ≥3 times during the course of rotavirus enteritis. Conclusions:Rotavirus enteritis FS mostly occurred on the first day of the course of disease, most of them had convulsion once, hs-CRP and PCT were relatively high. In AFS, convulsions were more than 2 times, and occurred on the 2nd and 3rd day of the course of disease. ALT, AST and UA were relatively high. Children with age ≥18 months and serum Cl - < 104.8 mmol/L had an increased risk of convulsions ≥3 times during the course of the disease.

7.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1836-1841, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990415

ABSTRACT

This article firstly reviews the current application status of mobile health based on social networking media, mobile health applications, wearable devices in infertility patients′nursing. Then, this paper analyzes the application effects of mobile health in the five aspects of treatment process management, health education, medication management, lifestyle management and psychological care for infertility patients based on the literature. The existing problems are analyzed and prospected on this basis, in order to provide a reference for the application of mobile health to infertility patients′nursing in China.

8.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 473-477, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990064

ABSTRACT

Food allergy is a common allergic disease threatening the growth and development of infants and children.n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are common nutrients in the diet, which have important structural functions and immunomodulatory effects.Their protective effect in food allergy has gradually become a potential research hotspot.This review highlights the function and immune regulation of PUFAs, the regulation of n-3 PUFAs on immunological indexes, the mechanism of food allergy, and the relationship between food allergy, and the impact of n-3 PUFAs on other allergic diseases.

9.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2085-2089, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987136

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study the pharmacokinetics of small molecule inhibitor SYHA1809 in Beagle dogs. METHODS LC-MS/MS method was adopted. Beagle dogs were randomly divided into single intravenous administration group (3.75 mg/kg), single low-dose intragastric administration group (3.75 mg/kg), single medium-dose intragastric administration group (7.5 mg/kg), single high-dose intragastric administration group (15 mg/kg) and multiple intragastric administration group (7.5 mg/kg, once a day, for 7 consecutive days), with 6 dogs in each group, half male and half female. The plasma samples of Beagle dogs were collected in each group according to the set time point, and underwent LC-MS/MS quantitative analysis after preprocessing. The pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated by using Phoenix WinNonlin 8.0 software using obtained data. RESULTS After intravenous injection, CL of SYHA1809 in Beagle dogs was (2.70±0.48) mL/(min·kg), steady-state distribution volume was 0.757 L/kg, and t1/2 was (3.35±1.36) h; after single intragastric administration of low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose of SYHA1809, average tmax was (0.53±0.02) h, and the blood drug concentration increased with the increase of dose; after single intragastric administration of 3.75 mg/kg SYHA1809, the absolute bioavailability was 83.5%; within the dose range of 3.75-15 mg/kg, the increase in cmax and AUC of SYHA1809 was positively correlated with the dose; after intragastric administration of 7.5 mg/kg SYHA1809 for 7 consecutive days, the pharmacokinetic parameters of SYHA1809 were comparable to those of a single intragastric administration of the same dose, with no statistically significant difference (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS SYHA1809 is absorbed rapidly in Beagle dogs, shows the dose-dependent blood concentration, high bioavailability, no obvious accumulation after multiple intragastric administration, and good pharmacokinetic behavior.

10.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 307-314, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-977328

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Depression was common during coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, while the association of perceived stress with depression among vaccinated healthcare workers has not been investigated. This study aimed to address this issue. @*Methods@#We included a total of 898 fully vaccinated healthcare workers during the outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 Delta variant in Nanjing, 2021. Depression was ascertained by Patient Health Questionnaire-9, with a cut-off score of ≥5 indicative of mild-to-severe depression. Perceived stress, resilience, and compassion fatigue were assessed by Perceived Stress Scale-10, Resilience Scale-25, and Professional Quality of Life Scale version-5, respectively. Logistic regression analyses were used to estimate the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI), along with subgroup and mediation analyses. @*Results@#The prevalence of mild-to-severe depression was 41.1% in vaccinated healthcare workers. The odd of mild-to-severe depression was increased with higher perceived stress. Compared with vaccinated healthcare workers with the lowest tertile of perceived stress, those with the highest tertile had increased odds of mild-to-severe depression by 120% (OR 2.20, 95% CI 1.46 to 3.31) after multivariable-adjustment. However, perceived stress was not associated with mild-to-severe depression in vaccinated healthcare workers with strong resilience, but was in those with weak resilience (pinteraction=0.004). Further analysis showed that compassion fatigue mediated the relationship between perceived stress and mild-to-severe depression, with a mediating effect of 49.7%. @*Conclusion@#Perceived stress was related to an increased odd of mild-to-severe depression in vaccinated healthcare workers during COVID-19 pandemic, and this relationship might be explained by compassion fatigue.

11.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 322-327, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970926

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical manifestations and genetic characteristics of patients with congenital central hypothyroidism due to variants of IGSF1 gene.@*METHODS@#Clinical data, results of genetic testing, and follow-up of four patients admitted to Children's Hospital of Soochow University during 2017 to 2021 were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#All of the four patients were males. Patient 1 had presented neonatal jaundice, patients 2 and 3 were admitted for growth retardation during childhood, and thyroid function test indicated slightly low free thyroxine (FT4), patient 4 was found to have reduced FT4 in the neonatal period. Genetic testing revealed that all of the four patients have harbored pathogenic variants of the IGSF1 gene, which were all inherited from their mothers. The thyroid functions in all patients were well controlled with oral levothyroxine and regular follow-up.@*CONCLUSION@#Pathogenic variants of the IGSF1 gene probably underlay the congenital central hypothyroidism with a variety of clinical manifestations, and genetic testing can facilitate the diagnosis at an early stage.


Subject(s)
Child , Male , Infant, Newborn , Female , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Hypothyroidism/genetics , Genetic Testing , Mothers , Immunoglobulins/genetics , Membrane Proteins/genetics
12.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 1245-1254, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958651

ABSTRACT

Objective:According to the characteristics and common problems of hematology analysis in cancer patients, an autoverification scheme for cancer patients was formed, and the effectiveness and efficiency of the autoverification scheme were verified.Methods:The hematology review of international consensus and ourselves were respectively combined with Chinese multicenter autoverification rules to form two autoverification schemes. 10 063 blood samples (460 cases reviewed by microscope) were selected as the establishment group. Retrospective judgment was made in the instrument middleware, and various indexes such as autoverification pass rate and missed detection rate of different schemes were compared. By analyzing the data of missed cases one by one, the autoverification rules are adjusted according to the characteristics of diagnosis and treatment of cancer patients. By analyzing the platelet count variation range within 7 days in 19 300 cases, the Delta rules of platelet count were established. The platelet count Delta rules and the adjusted autoverification rules were combined to form the autoverification rules of our hospital and then combined with our hematology review rules to form the autoverification scheme of our hospital. The establishment group and verification group (10 876 cases, including 1 740 cases of microscopic examination) of the autoverification schemes were judged. The recognition function of Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid-dependent pseudo thrombocytopenia (EDTA-PTCP) and PLT Delta check were programmed in the laboratory information system (LIS), and other rule judgment functions are performed in middleware. After four months of clinical trial application of 61 602 specimens, the effectiveness of our autoverification scheme was comprehensively evaluated.Results:The autoverification pass rates of international hematology review rules, our review rules, and Chinese multicenter autoverification rules are 46.36%, 52.26%, and the missed detection rates are 2.02%, 1.06%, respectively. The autoverification pass rates of our hospital autoverification scheme in the establishment group and the verification group are 51.19% and 52.78%, the missed detection rates are 0% and 0.03%, and the true positive rate are 100% and 99.95%, respectively. 56.06% of cases were passed automatically during the clinical trial application, and there were no missing cases, the true positive rate is 100%. The performance of our autoverification scheme is superior to the current autoverification schemes combined with mainstream hematology review rules and autoverification rules. The median time of TAT by autoverification was shortened by 15 minutes, and the 90th percentile time was shortened by 58 minutes, which was significantly lower than that of the same period last year. The marker function of "EDTA-PTCP" identified 31 special patients and 68 samples had been analyzed in total. After correction, the median increase of PLT was 76.5×10 9/L ( Z=-7.17, P<0.001). Conclusions:This study has established an autoverification scheme that combined by rules of hematology review and autoverification rules. It is suitable for cancer patients with high pass rate and very low rate of missed detection. This autoverification scheme can ensure the accuracy of the hematology analysis of cancer patients in our hospital and improve work efficiency.

13.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 557-564, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958339

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy and safety of Ganhai Weikang capsule (GWC) in the treatment of functional dyspepsia (FD).Methods:A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled parallel, multi-center, superiority clinical trial was conducted. From March 2018 to April 2020, totally 324 patients with dyspepsia symptoms, who were diagnosed as chronic non-atrophic gastritis by endoscopy and pathology and met the Rome Ⅳ diagnostic criteria for FD from 7 top hospitals were enrolled, including the First Affiliated Hospital of Naval Medical University (Shanghai Changhai Hospital), Heilongjiang Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine Affiliated Hospital, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University, Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine of Capital Medical University and the Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University. The patients were randomly divided into the GWC group and the placebo group according to the ratio of 1∶1. The patients of GWC group were given GWC and the patients of placebo group were given GWC capsule simulant. The patients of both groups orally took capsules before meals, 2.4 g each time and 3 times per day, and the course of treatment was 4 weeks. The main efficacy index was the total clinical effective rate after 4 weeks, and the secondary efficacy index was the changes of clinical symptom scores of upper abdominal pain, upper abdominal burning, postprandial fullness and early satiety. The safety index included laboratory tests and adverse events. Chi-square test and Wilcoxon rank sum test were used for statistical analysis.Results:A total of 320 FD patients were enrolled in the full analysis set (FAS), which included 161 cases in GWC group and 159 cases in placebo group. A total of 298 cases were in the per-protocol set (PPS), 149 cases each in GWC group and placebo group. The results of FAS and PPS both showed that the total clinical effective rates of the GWC group were higher than those of the placebo group (84.5%, 136/161 vs. 44.0%, 70/159 and 83.9%, 125/149 vs. 46.3%, 69/149), and the differences were statistically significant ( χ2=57.07 and 46.32, both P<0.001). In addition, the differences of the total score of main symptoms and each symptom (upper abdominal pain, upper abdominal burning, postprandial fullness and early satiety) before and after treatment of GWC group were all higher than those of the placebo group (FAS: 10 (7, 14) vs. 5 (3, 11); 3 (2, 4) vs. 2 (0, 3); 2 (0, 4) vs. 1 (0, 3); 3 (1, 4) vs. 2 (1, 3); 2 (0, 4) vs. 1 (0, 3). PPS: 10 (7, 13) vs. 5 (3, 11); 3 (2, 4) vs. 2 (0, 3); 2 (0, 4) vs. 1 (0, 2); 3 (1, 4) vs. 2 (1, 3); 2 (0, 4) vs.1 (0, 3)), and the differences were statistically significant (FAS: Z=5.80, 5.91, 3.19, 3.72 and 3.30; PPS: Z=5.14, 5.11, 2.86, 3.21 and 2.84; all P<0.01). The results of FAS and PPS indicated that the improvement rates of main symptoms and each symptom (upper abdominal pain, upper abdominal burning, postprandial fullness and early satiety) of GWC group were all higher than those of the placebo group (FAS: 77.8% (54.6%, 91.3%) vs. 42.9% (28.6%, 61.5%); 100.0% (60.0%, 100.0%) vs. 50.0% (25.0%, 60.0%); 100.0% (50.0%, 100.0%) vs. 50.0% (25.0%, 100.0%); 71.4% (33.3%, 100.0%) vs. 41.4% (25.0%, 66.7%); 100.0% (50.0%, 100.0%) vs. 50.0% (20.0%, 100.0%). PPS: 77.8% (54.2%, 89.5%) vs. 44.0% (28.6%, 65.0%); 100.0% (60.0%, 100.0%) vs. 50.0% (25.0%, 100.0%); 100.0% (50.0%, 100.0%) vs. 50.0% (25.0%, 100.0%); 71.4% (33.3%, 100.0%) vs. 46.4% (25.0%, 66.7%); 100.0% (50.0%, 100.0%) vs. 50.0% (20.0%, 100.0%)), and the differences were statistically significant (FAS: Z=8.60, 7.72, 4.98, 4.24 and 5.61; PPS: Z=7.90, 7.03, 4.49, 3.88 and 4.83; all P<0.001). After 2 weeks of treatment, the differences of the total score of main symptoms and score of each symptom (upper abdominal pain, upper abdominal burning and early satiety) before and after treatment of GWC group were all higher than those of the placebo group (5.0 (3.0, 8.0) vs. 4.0 (2.0, 6.0); 2.0 (1.0, 2.0) vs. 2.0 (0.0, 2.0); 1.5 (0.0, 2.0) vs. 1.0 (0.0, 2.0); 1.5 (0.0, 2.0) vs. 1.0 (0.0, 2.0)), and the differences were statistically significant ( Z=2.95, 3.44, 2.43 and 2.79, all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse events between the GWC group and the placebo group (0.6%, 1/163 vs. 0, 0/159). Conclusion:The clinical total effective rate of GWC in the treatment of FD is superior to that of placebo and it has good safety.

14.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 395-401, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958329

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the epidemiological trends and population characteristics of inflammatory bowel disease(IBD)in China by searching keywords related to IBD through Google Trends, Baidu index, and WeChat index, so as to provide a reference for national epidemiological studies on IBD.Methods:IBD-related hot words such as "inflammatory bowel disease" , "Crohn′s disease" , "ulcerative colitis" , "gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)" , "irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)" and " Helicobacter pylori ( H. pylori)" were selected. The search volume and trends of the above keywords in the world and China were analyzed through Google Trends, Baidu index and WeChat index. The epidemiological characteristics of IBD in China were summarized. Descriptive methods were used for statistical analysis. Results:The results of Google Trends analysis showed that among 5 common digestive diseases (GERD, IBS, H. pylori infection, IBD and peptic ulcer), GERD was the most concerned disease, while IBD was not the focus among the common digestive diseases. When the global searching scope was limited to IBD related hot words, Crohn′s disease was the disease of primary concern among IBD-related diseases. In South America, South Asia, and parts of Africa, ulcerative colitis was mainly concerned, and in China and countries of Southeast Asia, IBD was more concerned. The searching results of Baidu index indicated that among the national search for IBD-related hot words, the 3 keywords of "inflammatory bowel disease" , "ulcerative colitis" and "Crohn′s disease" were all highly searched, the overall daily average of the search indexes of the 3 keywords were 325, 1 320 and 2 559, respectively, and the searching volume of "Crohn′s disease" was higher than "inflammatory bowel disease" and "ulcerative colitis" . The national wide trends of search volume for "inflammatory bowel disease" , "ulcerative colitis" and "Crohn′s disease" were similar, the search heat gradually decreased from the east coast to the northwest of China, which basically coincided with the three-level ladder trend of China′s economic development, suggesting that the level of economic development was related to the incidence of IBD. The results of Baidu index analysis showed that the main populations who searched IBD-related keywords were young adults and women aged from 20 to 39 years old. The results of WeChat index analysis revealed that the searching volume of "inflammatory bowel disease" , "ulcerative colitis" and "Crohn′s disease" were 205 000, 195 000 and 120 000, respectively, and the search volume for " inflammatory bowel disease" was the highest. The official account (90.27%) and the video account (7.43%) occupied the main sources of IBD-related information on mobile terminals. Conclusions:The IBD-associated internet activities reveal a global lack of public awareness of IBD. China also faces the same problem. The search trend is consistent with the epidemiology of IBD, which may be helpful for future epidemiological research of IBD in China. Mobile media will be a potential force in promoting the patient education and disease management of IBD in China.

15.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 840-846, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957907

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop the modified medication regimen complexity index of Chinese version (mMRCI-C)and test its reliability and validity.Method:The Chinese version of MRCI was developed by modification,translation and back translation. The MRCI was interculturally adapted by 2-rounds of expert consultation and pilot study to ensure the semantics, content and conceptual equivalence. The validation of the mMRCI-C scale was tested among 420 community-dwelling elderly patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM) in Shanghai Changfeng Community Health Service Center from October to December 2020. SPSS 23.0 was used to analyze the reliability and validity of the scale.Results:The mMRCI-C scale included 3 dimensions, namely drug dosage form (14 entries), medication frequency (5 entries), and additional instructions (6 entries), with a total of 25 entries. Among 420 valid questionnaires collected,the respondents were 212 males (50.4%) and 208 females (49.6%) with a mean age of (71.4±8.1) years. The test-retest reliability was 0.999 and internal consistency reliability was 0.849. The content validity exceeded 0.80,the convergent validity was 0.932; and discriminant validity P<0.001. Conclusion:The preliminary testing results show that the reliability and validity of the mMRCI-C scale are satisfactory.

16.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 1090-1094, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994288

ABSTRACT

Mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes(MELAS) is one of the most common inherited mitochondrial diseases. This paper reports a rare mutation associated with MELAS syndrome, the m. 3252 A>G mutation in the MT-TL1 gene encoding the mitochondrial tRNALeu(UUR). The 6-year-old girl suffered from recurrent convulsion and lactic acidemia. The mtDNA sequencing detected a variant m. 3252A>G(MT-TL1 gene) in the proband and her maternal relatives. The heteroplasmic levels in peripheral blood and urine sediment were 66.53% and 97.42%, respectively, which were obviously higher than those of her maternal relatives. Together with 3 previously reported cases, the variant m. 3252A>G could be classified pathogenic. All the reported pathogenic variants in MT-TL1 gene were reviewed to explore the genotype-phenotype correlations of pathogenic variants in MT-TL1 gene.

17.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 935-942, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993030

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical significance and prognostic value of fibrinogen (FIB) in the treatment of locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma with induction chemotherapy combined with radiotherapy.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted for the clinical data of 114 patients with locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma receiving non-surgical treatment in the Department of Head and Neck Oncology, the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Guizhou Medical University from May 2011 to May 2021. The FIB critical value was determined based on the median FIB level before induction chemotherapy, by which patients were divided into high-FIB and low-FIB groups. The ROC curves were used to determine the optimal cut-off value for other hematologic-related parameters such as neutrophils, lymphocytes, and platelets. Statistical methods were used to analyze the results. The enumeration data were analyzed by Chi-square test or Fisher exact probability method. Survival curves for OS and PFS were plotted by Kalplan-Meier method and tested by Log-rank method. Prognostic factors were evaluated by Cox proportional hazard regression model.Results:There were 59 cases in the high-FIB group (FIB > 3.6 g/L) and 55 cases in the low-FIB group (FIB ≤ 3.6 g/L). The high FIB group had higher neutrophils, platelets, NLR, and PLR ( χ2= 7.84, 12.80, 15.04, 9.14; P<0.05) than the low FIB group. The 3- and 5-year overall survival (OS) rates were significantly longer in the low FIB group than those in the high-FIB group (62.9% vs. 39.6%; 46.9% vs. 25.8%), and progression-free survival (PFS) rates of the low FIB group significantly longer than those of the high-FIB group (63.3% vs. 40.3%; 48.1% vs. 26.2%). The univariate analysis showed that the OS and PFS in patients with locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma were related to FIB, the application of concurrent chemoradiotherapy, and the efficacy of radiotherapy for lymph nodes. The multivariate analysis showed that FIB, the application of concurrent chemoradiotherapy, and the efficacy of radiotherapy for lymph nodes were independent prognostic factors of the OS [ HR (95% CI): 1.89 (1.08-3.31), 3.76 (1.12-12.65), 2.14 (1.09-4.21), P < 0.05]and PFS HR (95% CI): 1.92 (1.90-3.36), 3.93 (1.01-11.34), 2.15 (1.09-4.22), P < 0.05]of patients with locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Conclusions:Patients with low FIB receive high OS and PFS rates after induction chemotherapy combined with radiotherapy. Therefore, FIB can be used as a prognostic factor in the evaluation of non-surgical treatment of patients with locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.

18.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 698-702, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989870

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the role of N 6-methyladenosine (m6A) and its regulator METTL3 in the non-coding RNA of endometrial cancer.Methods:The expression levels of m6A and METTL3 were quantified in 20 paired carcinoma and adjacent clinical tissue samples from patients at from Jul. 2016 to Dec. 2020. HEC-1-A cell lines were constructed with METTL3 overexpression and knockdown. Western blot was used to detect the phosphorylation levels of key molecules in METTL3 and Akt/mTOR. The quantitative detection of mRNA levels were used qRT-PCR. The binding level of m6A to its receptor DGCR8 was determined by RNA immunoprecipitation.Results:The results of the m6A RNA methylation quantification kit showed that m6A (1.0±0.15) vs (1.7±0.34) ( P<0.01) and METTL3 levels were elevated in endometrial cancer cells, and METTL3 (1.0±0.13) vs (2.5±0.45) ( P<0.05) levels were elevated in endometrial cancer cells. Western blot and qRT-PCR detection of miR-17-92 cell clusters overexpressing METTL3, METTL3 overexpression significantly increased m6A modification on pri-miR-17-92 ( P<0.05) . Phosphorylation levels of AKT/mTOR pathway-related proteins were upregulated. In addition, RIP test results indicated that the binding of DGCR8 to pri-miR-17-92 was significantly facilitated. Conclusion:METTL3 modification of m6A facilitates the processing of pri-miR-1792 into the miR-17-92 clusters via m6A/DGCR8-dependent mechanism, which in turn activated the AKT/mTOR pathway.

19.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 899-903, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986603

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the mechanism of hepatitis B virus X protein down-regulating DKK4 and its effect on the proliferation, migration of HCC cell lines. Methods HCC cell lines HepG2 and SMMC7721 cells were infected with adenovirus encoding hepatitis B virus X protein (Ad-HBx), and GFP adenovirus (Ad-GFP) was designed as a control group. We used deacetylase inhibitor (TSA) to treat HCC cell lines and transfected HCC cell lines with small interfering RNA-histone deacetylase 1 (si-HDAC1) and lentivirus overexpressing DKK4. Western blot was used to detect the expression of DKK4, HDAC1 and SIRT1. The proliferation and migration ability of HCC lines were assessed using MTT, crystal violet experiment and Transwell experiment. Results DKK4 expression level was significantly downregulated after Ad-HBx infection (P < 0.05), and its expression level was recovered after TSA treatment (P < 0.05). After silencing HDAC1 with small interfering RNA, the expression of DKK4 could be restored (P < 0.05), the proliferation and migration of HDAC1-silencing or/and DKK4-overexpressing cells decreased (P < 0.05). Conclusion Hepatitis B virus X protein inhibits the expression of DKK4 protein by up-regulating HDAC1 and SIRT1. Silencing HDAC1 and over expressing DKK4 protein could inhibit the proliferation and migration of HCC cell lines infected with Ad-HBx.

20.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 473-477, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958876

ABSTRACT

Ovarian cancer seriously threats women's health. The emergence of poly adenosine diphosphate ribose polymerase inhibitor (PARPi) has broken the barrier for ovarian cancer treatment. PARPi has been widely used and along with it comes the problem of drug resistance. Fully understanding the drug resistance mechanism of PARPi is expected to be an important way to reverse PARPi resistance. The combination of PARPi and other drugs for ovarian cancer may expand the benefits of patients using PARPi. This article reviews the drug resistance mechanism of PARPi and combined medication.

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