Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 237
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013430

ABSTRACT

Background Multiple studies have shown a close relationship between changes in gut microbiota composition and obesity, and research results are influenced by factors such as race and geographical location, but there are few studies on children. Objective To analyze the diversity of gut microbiota related to obesity in a population of 2-6 years old, observe the distribution characteristics and species differences of gut microbiota between obese/overweight and normal weight groups, and explore the association betweenobese/overweight and gut microbiota diversity. Methods Fecal samples were collected from 74 children aged 2-6 years in Shanghai, including 18 obese/overweight individuals, 6 males and 12 females (male to female ratio of 1∶2), and 56 normal weight individuals, 18 males and 38 females (male to female ratio is nearly 1∶2). The 16S rDNA was extracted from bacteria in fecal samples, followed by PCR amplification, cDNA construction, and high-throughput sequencing. Naive Bayes algorithm was used to perform taxonomic analysis (phylum, class, order, family, genus, species) and community diversity analysis (Sobs index, Shannon index, Shannoneven index, Coverage index, PD index, and principal co-ordinates analysis) on representative sequences and abundance of amplicon sequence variants (ASV). Wilcoxon rank sum test, P-value multiple test correction, and analysis of similarities were used to test differences between the two groups to obtain information on the distribution characteristics and species differences of intestinal microbiota in children. Results Seventy-four fecal samples were sequenced, and the sequencing results were subjected to quality control and filtering. A total of 4905306 optimized sequences were obtained, resulting in 1860 ASVs. The diversity data analysis of ASVs generated 889 species annotation results at 8 taxonomic levels. The alpha diversity analysis showed that the richness (Sobs index), diversity (Shannon index), evenness (Shannoneven index), and phylogenetic diversity (PD index) of fecal community of the obese/overweight children were increased compared to those of the normal weight children, but there were no statistical differences between the two groups (P>0.05). The beta diversity analysis showed that there was little difference in the composition of microbial species between the two groups, and no significant clustering separation was observed. The results of species composition analysis at phylum, order, family, and genus levels of 74 samples showed a consistent core microbiota structure in the two groups of gut microbiota, but there were differences in microbiota composition. The differences in microbial community composition between the two groups were manifested at the taxonomic levels of order, family, and genus, among which phylum Firmicutes, order Erysipelotrichales, family Erysipelatocyclostridiaceae, genus Erysipelotrichaceae_ UCG-003 and genus Catenibacterium were significantly enriched in the obese/overweight group and contributed significantly to the phenotypic difference of obese/overweight [linear discriminant analysis (LDA)=3.72, P<0.01; LDA=3.29, P<0.05). Phylum Proteobacteria, order Enterobacterales, family Enterobacteriaceae, genus unclassified was significantly enriched in the normal weight group and contributed significantly to the phenotypic difference of normal body weight (LDA=3.93, P<0.05). Conclusion The richness and diversity of gut microbiota in obese/overweight children aged 2-6 years in Shanghai are increased, but there is no difference compared to normal weight children. There is a difference in the composition of gut microbiota between the obese/overweight group and the normal weight group.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012659

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the risk of different levels of pre-pregnancy obesity on trimester-specific thyroid dysfunction. MethodsQuestionnaire information, blood samples, and urine samples from a 2017 pregnancy cohort study in Shanghai, China were collected. A total of 2 455 pregnant women were included in the analysis. Pre-pregnancy BMI was calculated based on the height and self-reported pre-pregnancy weight. Serum TSH, total thyroxine (TT4), free thyroxine (FT4), total triiodothyronine (TT3), free triiodothyronine (FT3), thyroid globulin antibody(TgAb), and Thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb) were measured using the electrochemiluminescence method. Urine iodine levels were measured using the acid digestion method. Levels of thyroid function indexes of pregnant women with different degrees of obesity during pre-pregnancy were compared, and trimester-specific thyroid dysfunction was evaluated according to the reference range of trimester-specific thyroid hormone established by this cohort. Multivariate logistic regressions analysis was used to assess the correlation between pre-pregnancy obesity and trimester-specific thyroid dysfunction. ResultsAs the degree of obesity increased, maternal levels of FT3 and TT3 gradually increased during pregnancy (P<0.001, P=0.001), while FT4 levels gradually decreased (P=0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that compared with the normal weight group, pregnant women who were overweight or obesity before pregnancy had a significantly higher risk of hypothyroxinemia (OR=3.85, 95%CI: 2.08‒7.14, P<0.001) and high TT3 (OR=2.78, 95%CI: 1.45‒5.26, P=0.002) during pregnancy. ConclusionPre-pregnancy overweight or obesity can increase the risk of thyroid dysfunction during pregnancy.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997250

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the density, distribution and insecticide resistance of Aedes albopictus in Ningbo City in 2021, so as to provide insights into formulation of dengue fever control strategies. Methods Four administrative villages were randomly selected from each county (district) in Ningbo City from April to November, 2021, to investigate the indoor population density of Aedes larvae, and the Breteau index (BI) was calculated. The population density of adult mosquitoes was investigated in residential areas, parks/bamboo forests, waste tire stacking sites/waste stations/construction sites in each county (district). On June 2021, larvae of the natural strain A. albopictus were collected from epidemic sites of dengue fever in Ningbo City in 2018, and raised in laboratory. Then, larvae and female mosquitoes without blood feeding were selected for insecticide resistance bioassays, while insecticide-sensitive strains of A. albopictus served as controls. The resistance of A. albopictus larvae to deltamethrin, beta-cypermethrin, propoxur, temephos and dichlorvos using the impregnation method, and the medium lethal concentration (LC50) and resistance ratio (RR) were calculated. The resistance of adult A. albopictus to beta-cypermethrin, permethrin, deltamethrin, propoxur and malathion was determined using the tube bioassay, and the mosquito mortality was calculated. Results A total of 10 072 small water containers from 9 935 households were investigated in Ningbo City in 2021, and there were 1 276 containers with Aedes larvae detected, with an average BI of 12.89. Totally 1 422 mosquito nets were allocated and 954 female A. albopictus were captured, with an average net trapping index of 1.34 mosquitoes/(net·hour). Both larval and adult A. albopictus mosquitoes were found from April to November, and the density of larval A. albopictus peaked in September (BI = 21.21), while the density of adult A. albopictus peaked in August, with a net trapping index of 2.38 mosquitoes/(net·hour). The LC50 values of delta-methrin, beta-cypermethrin, propoxur, temephos and dichlorvos were 0.017 4, 0.000 9, 0.364 1, 0.038 1 mg/L and 0.001 6 mg/L against larvae of natural strains of A. albopicchus, with RRs of 49.66, 25.53, 9.65, 2.24 and 6.06, and the mortality rates of adult mosquitoes were 66.00% (66/100), 69.39% (68/98), 25.00% (25/100), 98.97% (96/97) and 100.00% (98/98) 24 hours post-treatment with 0.08% beta-cypermethrin, 0.03% deltamethrin, 0.4% permethrin, 0.05% propoxur, and 0.5% malathion for 24 h, respectively. Conclusions A. albopictus is widely distributed in Ningbo City, with a high population density and presents high-level resistance to common pyrethroid insecticides. The population density and insecticide resistance of A. albopictus requires to be reinforced.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991136

ABSTRACT

Here,a styrene-based polymer monolithic column poly(VBS-co-TAT-co-AHM)with reversed-phase/hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography(RPLC/HILIC)bifunctional separation mode was success-fully prepared for capillary electrochromatography by the in situ polymerization of sodium p-styrene sulfonate(VBS)with cross-linkers 3-(acryloyloxy)-2-hydroxypropyl methacrylate(AHM)and 1,3,5-triacryloylhexahydro-1,3,5-triazine(TAT).The preparation conditions of the monolith were optimized.The morphology and formation of the poly(VBS-co-TAT-co-AHM)monolith were confirmed by scanning electron microscopy(SEM)and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy(FT-IR).The separation perfor-mances of the monolith were evaluated systematically.It should be noted that the incorporation of VBS functional monomer can provide π-π interactions,hydrophilic interactions,and ion-exchange in-teractions.Hence,the prepared poly(VBS-co-TAT-co-AHM)monolith can achieve efficient separation of thiourea compounds,benzene series,phenol compounds,aniline compounds and sulfonamides in RPLC or HILIC separation mode.The largest theoretical plate number for N,N'-dimethylthiourea reached 1.7×105 plates/m.In addition,the poly(VBS-co-TAT-co-AHM)monolithic column showed excellent reproducibility and stability.This novel monolithic column has great application value and potential in capillary electrochromatography(CEC).

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990144

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the independent influencing factors of wound drainage tube time delay in patients with breast cancer and establish a predictive model.Methods:Patients admitted to Tianjin Medical University Cancer Hospital from January to November 2021 were selected as the research objects. They were divided into sword modeling group (156 cases) and verification group (86 cases) according to the admission time. Delayed time to postoperative wound drainage and extubation in breast cancer patients was the end point, 95 cases of 156 patients in the modeling group whose extubation time was less than or equal to 7 days were set as the normal group, 61 cases whose extubation time were more than 7 days were set as delayed group, and the influencing factors of the two groups were compared to establish the prediction model, Hosmer-Lemeshow test was conduct to verify the fitting effect, used the ROC curve to verify the prediction model performance.Results:Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis showed that patients' high BMI, related basic disease history, operation mode, axillary lymph node dissection, breast tumor size (T3, T4) and drainage fluid volume 48 hours (≥50 ml) after operation were independent influencing factors for wound drainage tube time delay ( P<0.05). The prediction model was P=0.822, and the area under the ROC curve was 0.877, and the Youden index was 0.605, the sensitivity was 0.736, and the specificity was 0.869. The research data of 86 cases in the validation group were used as the test set for internal and external validation of the model, and the model verification was 96.51%. Conclusion:This prediction model has a good effect, providing a reference basis for clinical medical workers.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970472

ABSTRACT

This research established a high-performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) method for simultaneous determination of isoorientin, orientin, vitexin, and isovitexin in Commelina communis to conduct content difference analysis and quality evaluation of 62 batches of C. communis from different origins. The HPLC content determination was performed on a Dikma Platisil ODS chromatographic column(4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm), with acetonitrile-0.1% formic acid(14∶86) as the mobile phase. The detection wavelength was set at 348 nm, the flow rate was 1.0 mL·min~(-1), and the column temperature was 35 ℃. The differences in origins and quality of 62 batches of C. communis were studied by chemometrics. The results showed that the determination of four components mani-fested a good linear relationship in the range of mass concentration(r>0.999 9), and the average recovery rate was 96.17%-103.0%. The relative standard deviations(RSDs) of precision, stability, and repeatability were all less than 2.0%. The content of four components from high to low was isoorientin>isovitexin>orientin>vitexin. Forty-seven batches of C. communis with clear origins were classified into six categories by chemometrics. C. communis from different origins had different qualities. Generally, C. communis from Western China, Central China, and South of China had superior qualities. The HPLC method established in this study is specific, simple, and efficient, which provides references for the comprehensive evaluation of the quality of C. communis. The chemometrics shows that the qualities of C. communis from different origins are largely different. Isoorientin can be used as an index to determine the content of C. communis, and its content limit should be set no less than 0.023%.


Subject(s)
Commelina , Chemometrics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , China , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods
7.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1740-1745, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013952

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the important role of HDAC5 in P-gp expression in rats in high-altitude low oxygen environment and its effect on phenytoin sodium pharmacokinetics. Methods Wistar rats were transported to Batang, Yushu, Qinghai, at an altitude of 4010 m, with 6 rats in each group, divided into 1 d and 3 d groups. Different groups were given phenytoin, phenytoin combined with hypericin, and phenytoin combined with verapamil. Plasma and liver tissues were collected at different time after taking the drug in the plateau area. The concentration of phenytoin sodium in plasma was determined by UFLC-MS method. Changes in protein expression were detected by Western blot. Results The results of UFLC-MS showed that the AUC

8.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1921-1928, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013697

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the role and mechanism of DAPT in chronic stress-induced depressive-like behavior in mice. Methods C57BL/6J mice were treated with the chronic social defeat stress (CSDS) for 10 days to establish a depression model. Mice in the drug-treated group were injected intraperitoneally with 5 mg • kg

9.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 297-301, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006078

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the clinical characteristics and risk factors of renal function deterioration in children with renal dysplasia and chronic kidney disease (CKD), so as to provide a basis for the diagnosis, treatment, and management. 【Methods】 The clinical data of children with renal dysplasia complicated with CKD treated in the Children’s Hospital of Chongqing Medical University during 2012 and 2022 were retrospectively analyzed, including the gender, age of diagnosis, growth index, concomitant malformation and complications. According to the diagnostic criteria and staging standard of KDIGO2020 guidelines, patients with disease deteriorated to CKD stage 4-5 were enrolled into the regression group. Factors affecting the deterioration of renal function were determined with Cox regression analysis. 【Results】 A total of 122 children were involved, including 66 (54.1%) with CKD stag 4-5. There were more boys than girls. Bilateral and unilateral renal dysplasia occurred in 88 (72.13%) and 34 (27.87%) cases, respectively, and 64 (52.46%) cases were complicated with other urinary diseases. There were significant differences in weight, height and body mass index (BMI) among patients with CKD stage 1-5 (P<0.01). The age of onset of CKD <10 years, BMI lower than the 3rd percentile of the same sex and age, bilateral renal dysplasia, and one or more complications of congenital renal and urinary tract abnormalities (CAKUT) were the risk factors of deterioration of renal function (P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 Renal dysplasia complicated with CKD are more common in boys, with high incidence of bilateral renal dysplasia. Bilateral renal dysplasia, age of onset of CKD <10 years, BMI lower than 3% and complications are important influencing factors of renal dysplasia in children with CKD.

10.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 13-18, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970118

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological and cytogenetic features of cryptic COL1A1-PDGFB fusion dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (CC-DFSP). Methods: Three cases of CC-DFSP diagnosed in West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China from January 2021 to September 2021 were studied. Immunohistochemistry for CD34 and other markers, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) for PDGFB, COL1A1-PDGFB and COL1A1, next-generation sequencing (NGS), reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Sanger sequencing were performed. Results: There were three cases of CC-DFSP, including two females and one male. The patients were 29, 44 and 32 years old, respectively. The sites were abdominal wall, caruncle and scapula. Microscopically, they were poorly circumscribed. The spindle cells of the tumors infiltrated into the whole dermis or subcutaneous tissues, typically arranging in a storiform pattern. Immunohistochemically, the neoplastic cells exhibited diffuse CD34 expression, but were negative for S-100, SMA, and Myogenin. Loss of H3K27me3 was not observed in the tumor cells. The Ki-67 index was 10%-15%. The 3 cases were all negative for PDGFB rearrangement and COL1A1-PDGFB fusion, whereas showing unbalanced rearrangement for COL1A1. Case 1 showed a COL1A1 (exon 31)-PDGFB (exon 2) fusion using NGS, which was further validated through RT-PCR and Sanger sequencing. All patients underwent extended surgical resection. Except for case 3 with recurrence 2 years after surgical resection, the other 2 cases showed no recurrence or metastasis during the follow-up. Conclusions: FISH has shown its validity for detecting PDGFB rearrangement and COL1A1-PDGFB fusion and widely applied in clinical detection. However, for cases with negative routine FISH screening that were highly suspicious for DFSPs, supplementary NGS or at least COL1A1 break-apart FISH screening could be helpful to identify cryptic COL1A1-PDGFB fusions or other variant fusions.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Adult , Collagen Type I, alpha 1 Chain , Dermatofibrosarcoma/pathology , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-sis/genetics , Skin Neoplasms/pathology
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964957

ABSTRACT

Jupi Zhurutang originated from Synopsis of the Golden Chamber (《金匮要略》), which consists of Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae, Caulis Bambusae in Taenia, Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Zingiberis Rhizoma Recens, Jujubae Fructus, and Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma and is used to treat retching. It has been put on the list of Catalogue of Ancient Classical Prescription (First Batch) released by National Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine. With the bibliometric method, we searched the medical classics containing Jupi Zhurutang and systematically examined the information on the origin of the prescription, the indications, compatibility rule, medicinals in the prescription, dosage and usage, processing method, and decocting method. It was found that there are many versions of Jupi Zhurutang, and there are common grounds of main symptoms, pathogenesis, composition and dosage between the same prescription with different names and different prescriptions with the same name. The prescription which is closest to the original version in Synopsis of the Golden Chamber is mainly used for the treatment of stomach deficiency and qi counterflow without obvious cold or heat. According to the weights and measures, ratio of Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae, Caulis Bambusae in Taenia, Radix Ginseng, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens, and Radix Ginseng in Synopsis of the Golden Chamber is approximately 6∶2∶8∶5∶1. The Jupi Zhurutang derived from other ancient classics such as Yanshi Jisheng Fang(《严氏济生方》) is a different prescription for hiccups caused by the stomach heat, and the ratio of Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae to Caulis Bambusae in Taenia in this prescription is about 1∶1. It is also found that cold herbs such as Red Poria, Eriobotryae Folium and Ophiopogon Japonicus are added to the formula in later generations. Therefore, the Jupi Zhurutang used in modern times is mostly modified and different from that in Synopsis of the Golden Chamber. This study summarizes the historical evolution of Jupi Zhurutang and identifies the key information, with a view to providing a reference for the rational modification of this prescription in clinical settings and further research.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980770

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy of acupuncture with different frequencies in the treatment of patients with functional dyspepsia (FD).@*METHODS@#A total of 90 patients with FD were randomly divided into a 3-time acupuncture treatment per week group (3-A group, 31 cases, 2 cases dropped off), a 1-time acupuncture treatment per week group (1-A group, 30 cases, 2 cases dropped off) and a control group (29 cases, 2 cases dropped off). In the two acupuncture groups, the acupoints were Zhongwan (CV 12) and bilateral Tianshu (ST 25), Neiguan (PC 6), Liangqiu (ST 34), Yanglingquan (GB 34), Zusanli (ST 36) and Taichong (LR 3), stimulated 3 times a week and once a week, respectively; and the treatment was given consecutively for 4 weeks. In the control group, no intervention was adopted, but the compensatory therapy was provided after the end of follow-up. The scores of the symptom index of dyspepsia (SID), self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) and self-rating depression scale (SDS) were compared among the 3 groups before treatment, after 4 weeks of treatment and in 4 and 8 weeks after treatment completion separately. The score of Nepean dyspepsia life quality index (NDLQI) was evaluated before treatment, after 2 and 4 weeks of treatment and in 4 and 8 weeks after treatment completion.@*RESULTS@#After 4 weeks of treatment and in 4 and 8 weeks after treatment completion, the scores of SID, SAS and SDS were all reduced in the 3-A group and the 1-A group when compared with the scores before treatment (P<0.000 1, P<0.05). After 4 weeks of treatment, the scores of SID, SAS and SDS in the two acupuncture groups were lower than those in the control group (P<0.000 1). After 2 and 4 weeks of treatment, the increased values of NDLQI score in the two acupuncture groups were all higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). In 4 and 8 weeks after treatment completion, the scores of SID, SAS and SDS in the 3-A group were lower than those in the 1-A group (P<0.001, P<0.05), and the increased values of NDLQI score in the 3-A group were higher than those in the 1-A group (P<0.000 1).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture given 3 times per week is superior to the treatment given once per week in the aspects of relieving the clinical symptoms, improving the quality of life and regulating the emotional state in patients with FD. This efficacy is persistent for 8 weeks after treatment completion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dyspepsia/therapy , Quality of Life , Acupuncture Therapy , Acupuncture Points , Emotions
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970834

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the early efficacy of Mako robot-assisted total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis (KOA) and summarize the initial application experience.@*METHODS@#Retrospective analysis of 73 patients with KOA treated with Mako robot-assisted TKA from June 2021 to December 2021. There were 16 males and 57 females, aged from 54 to 81 years old with an average of (67.8±6.6) years old. The hip knee and ankle angle (HKA), lateral distal femoral angle (LDFA), medial proximal tibial angle (MPTA), lateral femoral component angle (LFCA) and lateral tibial component angle (LTCA) were recorded and analyzed. WOMAC score and KSS were used to compare the functional recovery of patients preoperatively, 3 and 6 months postoperatively.@*RESULTS@#All the 73 patients were successfully treated without serious complications such as vascular and nerve injury, and all the incisions healed well at stageⅠwithout infection. The patients were followed up from 4 to 11 months with an average of (7.0±2.7) months, and the satisfaction rate of the last follow-up was 90.41% (66/73). WOMAC scores were (23.1±5.4) at 3 months and (14.8±4.1) at 6 months postoperatively. KSS clinical scores were ( 76.1±4.0) at 3 months and (82.1±3.7) at 6 months postoperatively;KSS functional scores were (74.3±3.1) at 3 months and (78.6±2.1) at 6 months after operation. Postoperative imaging showed good position of the prosthesis, HKA angle was (178.5±2.1)°, LDFA was (91.2±1.8)°, MPTA was(89.9±1.5) °, LFCA was (7.6±3.1)°, LTCA was (88.2±1.1)°. The mechanical axis within ±3° in sixty cases(82.2%), and the mechanical axis within ±6° in all the patients.@*CONCLUSION@#Mako robot-assisted TKA is a safe and effective surgery in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis, which exhibited good efficacy in the correction of lower limb alignment, soft tissue balance and improvement of knee function. The long-term efficacy needs further follow-up observation.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/methods , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Robotics , Knee Joint/surgery
14.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 683-689, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985758

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features, diagnosis and differential diagnosis of breast myofibroblastoma. Methods: The clinicopathological data and prognostic information of 15 patients with breast myofibroblastoma diagnosed at the Department of Pathology of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China from 2014 to 2022 were collected. Their clinical characteristics, histological subtypes, immunophenotypes and molecular characteristics were analyzed. Results: There were 12 female and 3 male patients, ranging in age from 18 to 78 years, with a median and average age of 52 years. There were 6 cases in the left breast and 9 cases in the right breast, including 12 cases in outer upper quadrant, 2 cases in inner upper quadrant and 1 case in outer lower quadrant. Most of the cases showed a well-defined nodule grossly, including pushing growth under the microscope in 13 cases, being completely separated from the surrounding breast tissue in 1 case, and infiltrating growth in 1 case. Among them, 12 cases were classic subtype and composed of occasional spindle cells with varying intervals of collagen fiber bundles; eight cases had a small amount of fat; one case had focal cartilage differentiation; one case was epithelioid subtype, in which epithelioid tumor cells were scattered in single filing or small clusters; one case was schwannoma-like subtype, and the tumor cells were arranged in a significant palisade shape, resembling schwannoma, and one case was invasive leiomyoma-like subtype, in which the tumor cells had eosinophilic cytoplasm and were arranged in bundles, and infiltrating into the surrounding mammary lobules like leiomyoma. Immunohistochemical studies showed that the tumor cells expressed desmin (14/15) and CD34 (14/15), as well as ER (15/15) and PR (15/15). Three cases with histologic subtypes of epithelioid subtype, schwannoma-like subtype and infiltrating leiomyoma-like subtype showed RB1 negative immunohistochemistry. Then FISH was performed to detect RB1/13q14 gene deletion, and identified RB1 gene deletion in all three cases. Fifteen cases were followed up for 2-100 months, and no recurrence was noted. Conclusions: Myofibroblastoma is a rare benign mesenchymal tumor of the breast. In addition to the classic type, there are many histological variants, among which the epithelioid subtype is easily confused with invasive lobular carcinoma. The schwannoma-like subtype is similar to schwannoma, while the invasive subtype is easily misdiagnosed as fibromatosis-like or spindle cell metaplastic carcinoma. Therefore, it is important to recognize the various histological subtypes and clinicopathological features of the tumor for making correct pathological diagnosis and rational clinical treatment.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Antigens, CD34 , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Leiomyoma/pathology , Neoplasms, Muscle Tissue/pathology , Neurilemmoma
15.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 364-369, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985681

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features, immunophenotypes and molecular genetics of fibroma of tendon sheath (FTS). Methods: One hundred and thirty-four cases of FTS or tenosynovial fibroma diagnosed in the Department of Pathology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China from January 2008 to April 2019 were selected. The clinical and histologic features of these cases were retrospectively reviewed. Immunohistochemistry, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) were performed on the above cases. Results: There were a total of 134 cases of FTS, including 67 males and 67 females. The patients' median age was 38 years (ranged from 2 to 85 years). The median tumor size was 1.8 cm (ranged from 0.1 to 6.8 cm). The most common site was the upper extremity (76/134, 57%). Follow-up data was available in 28 cases and there was no detectable recurrence. Classic FTS (114 cases) were well-defined and hypocellular. A few spindle-shaped fibroblasts were scattered in the dense collagenous sclerotic stroma. Characteristically elongated slit-like spaces or thin-walled vessels were observed. Most of cellular FTSs (20 cases) were well-defined and the area with increased cellularity of the spindle cells coexisted with classic FTS. There were occasional mitotic figures, but no atypical mitotic figures. Immunohistochemistry was performed in 8 cases of classic FTS and most cases were positive for SMA (5/8). Immunohistochemistry was also performed in 13 cases of cellular FTS and showed 100% positive rate for SMA. FISH was conducted on 20 cases of cellular FTS and 32 cases of classical FTS. USP6 gene rearrangement was found in 11/20 of cellular FTS. Among 12 cases of CFTS with nodular fasciitis (NF)-like morphological feature, 7 cases showed USP6 gene rearrangement. The rearrangement proportion of USP6 gene in cellular FTS without NF-like morphological features was 4/8. By contrast, 3% (1/32) of the classic FTS showed USP6 gene rearrangement. RT-PCR was performed in those cases with detected USP6 gene rearrangement and sufficient tissue samples for RT-PCR. The MYH9-USP6 fusion gene was detected in 1 case (1/8) of the cellular FTSs, while no target fusion partner was detected in the classic FTS. Conclusions: FTS is a relatively rare benign fibroblastic or myofibroblastic tumor. Our study and recent literature find that some of the classic FTS also show USP6 gene rearrangements, suggesting that classical FTS and cellular FTS are likely to be at different stages of the same disease (spectrum). FISH for USP6 gene rearrangement may be used as an important auxiliary diagnostic tool in distinguishing FTS from other tumors.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Gene Rearrangement , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Retrospective Studies , Fibroma/pathology , Fasciitis/genetics , Ubiquitin Thiolesterase , Tendons/pathology
16.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 689-693, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985548

ABSTRACT

A crucial lesson gained through the pandemic preparedness and response to COVID-19 is that all measures for epidemic control must be law-based. The legal system is related not only to public health emergency management per se but also to all aspects of the institutional supporting system throughout the lifecycle. Based on the lifecycle emergency management model, this article analyses the problems of the current legal system and the potential solutions. It is suggested that the lifecycle emergency management model shall be followed to establish a more comprehensive public health legal system and to gather the intelligence and consensus of experts with different expertise, including epidemiologists, sociologists, economists, jurist and others, which will collaboratively promote the science-based legislation in the field of epidemic preparedness and response for the establishment of a comprehensive legal system for public health emergency management and with Chinese characteristics.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Pandemics/prevention & control , Public Health , Emergencies , Disaster Planning
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928761

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the regulatory effect and mechanism of DNA methyltransferase 3A (DNMT3a) in hydroquinone-induced hematopoietic stem cell toxicity.@*METHODS@#Cells (HSPC-1) were divided into 4 groups, that is A: normal HSPC-1; B: HQ-intervented HSPC-1; C: group B + pcDNA3 empty vector; D: group B + pcDNA3- DNMT3a. RT-qPCR and Western blot were used to detect the expression levels of DNMT3a and PARP-1 mRNA and protein, respectively. Cell morphology was observe; Cell viability and apoptosis rate of HSPC-1 were detected by MTT and flow cytometry, respectively.@*RESULTS@#Compared with group A, the expression levels of DNMT3a mRNA and protein in HSPC-1 of group B were decreased, while PARP-1 mRNA and protein were increased (P<0.05); there was no significant difference in the above indexes between group C and group B; compared with group B, the expression levels of DNMT3a mRNA and protein showed increased, while PARP-1 mRNA and protein were decreased significantly in cells of group D transfected with DNMT3a (P<0.05). Cells in each group were transfected with DNMT3a and cultured for 24 h, HSPC-1 in group A showed high density growth and mononuclear fusion growth, while the number of HSPC-1 in group B and C decreased and grew slowly. Compared with group B and C, the cell growth rate of group D was accelerated. The MTT analysis showed that cell viability of HSPC-1 in group B were lower than that of group A at 24 h, 48 h and 72 h (P<0.05); after transfected with DNMT3a, the cell viability of HSPC-1 in group D were higher than that of group B at 24 h, 48 h and 72 h (P<0.05). The apoptosis rate of cells in group B was significantly higher than that of group A (P<0.001), while the apoptosis rate in group D was lower than that of group B (P<0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#DNMT3a may be involved in the damage of hematopoietic stem cells induced by hydroquinone, which may be related to the regulation of PARP-1 activity by hydroquinone-inhibited DNMT3a.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , DNA Methyltransferase 3A , Hematopoietic Stem Cells/drug effects , Hydroquinones/toxicity , Poly (ADP-Ribose) Polymerase-1 , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957210

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the clinical characteristics of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) or other comorbidities.Methods:In this cross sectional study, a total of 2 090 patients with confirmed COPD which came from Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from August 2017 to October 2021 were included to investigate the prevalence of comorbidities (hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, metabolic diseases and osteoporosis) and clinical characteristics. All subjects underwent overnight polysomnography, clinical symptom questionnaire and sleep questionnaire. The data of baseline, blood biochemistry, arterial blood gas, lung function, sleep questionnaire, sleep monitoring and other indicators were compared between group with COPD only and with COPD and OSA.Results:55.84% of COPD patients (1 167/2 090) with OSA were included in the study. By analyzing the prevalence of comorbidities (hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, metabolic diseases and osteoporosis), this study found that only the prevalence of hypertension was significantly higher in the group with COPD and OSA ( P<0.01) when compared with the COPD only group (35.2%). As the severity of OSA increased in COPD patients, the incidence of hypertension increased. The prevalence of hypertension was 35.2%, 37.5%, 44.9%, 53.2% in non-OSA, mild, moderate, and severe OSA patients, respectively. By binary logistic regression analysis, the BMI ( OR=1.067, 95% CI: 1.043-1.091, P<0.01) , neck circumference ( OR=1.019, 95% CI: 1.002-1.036, P<0.05), smoking history ( OR=1.345, 95% CI: 1.028-1.760, P<0.05), hypertension ( OR=1.249, 95% CI: 1.024-1.522, P<0.05) were regarded as independent risk factors for patients with COPD and OSA. Conclusions:COPD patients have a high rate of OSA. In clinical practice, greater emphasis on primary/secondary prevention should be paid to COPD patients with OSA and hypertension. The management and intervention of OSA and hypertension may improve the prognosis of CODP patients.

19.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1093-1100, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957103

ABSTRACT

Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD) is an idiopathic necrosis of the femoral head in childhood, the deformities of the femoral head occurring in the progress of disease could result in osteoarthritis. Treatment can be surgical or nonsurgical, but the timing and indications remain unclear. Understanding of the prognostic factors of LCPD is helpful to predict the outcome and guide the clinical management. This study reviewed the literatures about the prognosis of LCPD since 2000, the prognostic factors were summarized from three categoriesas general factors, disease factors and intervention factors. The general factors were the characteristic information of patient that can be obtained at the first time clinically. The age of onset is the most definite prognostic factor, the younger the age, the better the prognosis, and 6-8 years is an important watershed. Disease factors refer to the disease characteristic information obtained through evaluation. The modified Waldenstr?m stage of the disease needs to be confirmed first, early treatment can ensure better prognosis. Then the severity was evaluated, including the involvement of necrosis, morphological changes and extrusion of the femoral head. The more severe the disease, the worse the prognosis. Most predicters, such as Catterall grading and Herring lateral column typing, have to be used in late-stage of LCPD. The degree of femoral head perfusion evaluated in enhanced MRI or DWI-MRI is an early predictor of LCPD, but it is still in the preliminary exploratory. Intervention factors are the effects of different methods of treatment on prognosis, including the comparison of surgery or non-surgery, different non-surgical and different surgical methods. The determination of surgical or non-surgical treatment mainly depends on the age of onset and severity of disease, and the younger and milder cases tend to be non-surgical treatment, but the specific indications are still controversial.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955892

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of noninvasive prenatal DNA screening combined with nuchal translucency thickness measurement in the diagnosis of fetal chromosome aneuploidy.Methods:A total of 5 730 pregnant women who were screened for fetal chromosomal diseases in the Quzhou Maternal and Child Health Hospital from January 2017 to March 2019 were included in this study. All of them underwent noninvasive prenatal DNA screening and nuchal translucency thickness measurement. The results of amniocentesis were used as the gold standard to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of noninvasive prenatal DNA screening, nuchal translucency thickness measurement and their combination.Results:Noninvasive prenatal DNA screening revealed that 64 (1.12%) women out of 5 730 pregnant women had high risk of developing chromosomal abnormalities. Ultrasound examination results showed that nuchal translucency was thickened in 140 (2.44%) women. The outcome of adverse pregnancy increased with the increase of nuchal translucency thickness. Among the 68 pregnant women who underwent amniocentesis, 51 women developed chromosomal abnormalities, with trisomy 21 syndrome being the majority (23/51,45.10%). The diagnostic efficacy of noninvasive prenatal DNA screening combined with nuchal translucency thickness measurement in the diagnosis of fetal chromosomal aneuploidy reached the ideal level.Conclusion:Noninvasive prenatal DNA screening combined with nuchal translucency thickness measurement has a high clinical application value. The combined method can be used as the main prenatal DNA screening method for pregnant women and it can effectively avoid the birth of children with chromosomal abnormalities.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL