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1.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 6-10, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012549

ABSTRACT

BackgroundSchizophrenia is a common severe mental disorder with complex pathogenesis. There are few studies on the correlation between kynurenine metabolites in peripheral serum and urine in schizophrenia. ObjectiveTo investigate the concentration of tryptophan-kynurenine metabolites and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in serum and urine in patients with schizophrenia, and their correlation with clinical symptoms, so as to explore potential biological characteristics related to schizophrenia. MethodsA total of 38 patients with schizophrenia who met the criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition (DSM-5), and were hospitalized or attended outpatient clinic at Hangzhou Seventh People's Hospital from December 2021 to December 2022 were included in the study. Additionally, 26 healthy individuals were concurrently recruited from the community of Hangzhou to serve as a control group. All participants were requested to complete the Positive and Negative Symptom Scale (PANSS). The levels of tryptophan (TRP), kynurenine (KYN), kynurenic acid (KYNA), quinolinic acid (QUIN), picolinic acid (PIC), xanthurenate and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in both serum and urine were measured using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-triple quadrupole linear ion trap mass spectrometry. Serum and urine IL-6 were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Pearson correlation analysis was conducted to examine the correlation between serum and urinary KYN metabolites, as well as the correlation between metabolite levels and clinical symptoms in the patient group. ResultsPatients with schizophrenia had significantly higher level of IL-6 in serum (U=798.500, P<0.01) and lower level of PIC in urine (U=253.000, P=0.013) compared with the control group. Additionally, level of serum KYN was positively correlated with QUIN/KYNA ratio and QUIN/PIC ratio (r=0.562, 0.438, P<0.05) in patients with schizophrenia. 5-HT/KYN ratio in serum was positively correlated with PANSS total score and negative symptom subscale score (r=0.458, 0.455, P<0.01) in patients with schizophrenia. ConclusionSerum TRP-KYN pathway metabolite levels in patients with schizophrenia were associated with neurotoxic metabolite ratios in urine and the severity of negative symptoms. [Funded by Zhejiang Medical and Health Science and Technology Program Exploratory (number, 2022KY990)]

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 983-987, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972272

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To reevaluate systematic reviews/meta-analysis of efficacy and safety of tolvaptan for hyponatremia. METHODS Retrieved from CNKI, Wanfang Data, VIP, CBM, PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library database, systematic reviews/meta-analysis about tolvaptan for the treatment of hyponatremia were included from the inception to June 15, 2022. After screening literature and extracting data, the PRISMA statement, AMSTAR 2 scale and GRADE method were used to evaluate the reporting quality, methodological quality and evidence quality of the included literature, respectively. RESULTS A total of 6 articles were included, of which 1 was systematic review and 5 were meta-analysis, including 56 outcome indicators. All of the 6 studies had PRISMA scores ranging from 15.0 to 20.5, and the quality of them was moderate. Results of the AMSTAR 2 scale showed that the methodological quality of 5 literatures were very low, and the quality of 1 literature was low. The quality of GRADE evidence showed that there were 6 moderate-quality indicators, 13 low-quality indicators, 35 very low-quality indicators, and 2 indicators that could not be assessed due to missing data. The main factors causing degradation were limitations, inconsistency, imprecision and publication bias. In terms of efficacy, tolvaptan could effectively increase the level of serum sodium, increase urine volume, reduce body weight, reduce abdominal circumference, relieve edema, and reduce alaninetransaminase level. In terms of safety, the incidence of total adverse drug reaction induced by tolvaptan was controversial; it may increase the risk of dry mouth, thirst, frequent urination or excessive correction of serum sodium. CONCLUSIONS Tolvaptan has great efficacy in the treatment of hyponatremia, but serum sodium overcorrection should be avoided in terms of safety. Relevant systematic reviews/meta-analysis have shortcomings of low reporting quality, methodological quality and evidence quality, which may reduce the reliability of the results, so the results should be treated with caution.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 227-234, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997676

ABSTRACT

Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) are derived from stem cells isolated from bone marrow and have the potential for multidirectional differentiation and self-renewal. Under certain conditions, BMSCs can be induced to differentiate into osteoblast (OB), chondrocyte, adipocyte, fibroblast, etc. BMSCs play an important role in maintaining the stability of bone structure and balancing bone metabolism. Promoting the proliferation of BMSCs and inducing their differentiation into OB of great significance for the clinical prevention and treatment of osteoporosis, bone defects, fracture healing, and other diseases. Because the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs are complex processes controlled by multiple genes and regulated by multiple signal transduction pathways, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) happens to have the advantages of multi-bioactive component, multi-target, and multi-pathway synergism, which can affect the proliferation and differentiation of BMSCs through multiple channels and induce the proliferation of BMSCs. The transcription and expression of genes related to osteogenesis can be enhanced to promote the differentiation of BMSCs into OB, so as to achieve the purpose of preventing and treating osteoporosis, bone defects, and other bone diseases. Based on the literature on the intervention of TCM monomers and compounds in the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs, this study reviewed TCM monomers and compounds in promoting the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs by regulating secreted glycoprotein (Wnt), neurogenic locus notch homolog protein (Notch), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K) /protein kinase B (Akt), bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)/Smad, Janus kinase (JAK)/signal transducer and activator of transcription protein (STAT), osteoprotegerin (OPG)/receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B (RANK)/RANK ligand (RANKL), and other signaling pathways to provide new ideas for the research and clinical application of Chinese medicine in the prevention and treatment of orthopedic diseases.

4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2385-2390, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996396

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the efficacy and safety of aerosol inhalation of polycolistin B in the treatment of severe pneumonia combined with mechanical ventilation, and to provide a reference of real-world data for clinical drug therapy. METHODS A retrospective cohort study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 87 patients with severe pneumonia combined with mechanical ventilation at the First Affiliated Hospital of Shandong First Medical University from January 2021 to February 2023. According to route of administration, all patients were divided into combined group (24 cases, receiving aerosol YXH2021ZX013) inhibition of polycolistin B combined with intravenous dripping) and routine group (63 cases, intravenous dripping of polycolistin B alone). The differences in efficacy (mortality,clinical response rate and bacterial clearance rate)and safety (elevated serum creatinine, bronchospasm and skin pigmentation) were compared between two groups; the influential factors of primary outcome index as mortality were analyzed through univariate analysis and multivariate Logistic regression analysis. RESULTS In terms of efficacy, there were no statistical differences in mortality(37.50% vs. 41.27%, P=0.749), clinical response rate (54.17% vs. 55.56%, P=0.907) and bacterial clearance rate (45.83% vs. 44.44%, P=0.907) between the two groups. In terms of safety, the incidence of bronchospasm in the combined group was significantly higher than that of the routine group (12.50% vs. 0, P=0.028), but the differences in incidence of elevated serum creatinine and skin pigmentation between two groups were not statistically significant (P>0.05). Univariate analysis showed that the moralities were higher in the case of infected with Acinetobacter baumannii, Klebsiella pneumoniae and combined use of quinolones (P<0.05); multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that infection with A. baumannii (OR=3.36, P=0.014) and combined use of quinolones (OR=3.54, P=0.013) were independently associated with mortality (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS For severe pneumonia patients with mechanical ventilation, intravenous dripping of polycolistin B combined with aerosol inhalation does not show superior efficacy compared with intravenous dipping of polycolistin B alone, but significantly increases the incidence of bronchospasm. Infection with A. baumannii and combined use of quinolones are independent risk factors for the increase of mortality.

5.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 159-164, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996053

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the factors affecting the management of medical devices in the COVID-19 pandemic, and to provide guidance for the management of medical devices in public health emergencies.Methods:A total of 184 hospitals caring COVID-19 patients in Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Shanghai, Anhui and Shandong were selected, and clinical engineers were randomly sampled. A self-compiled questionnaire was used to conduct an online survey on factors affecting medical device management during the COVID-19 pandemic from August to December 2021.The index system of influencing factors of medical device management during the COVID-19 pandemic was determined through an exploratory factor analysis, and then the structural equation model was used to verify the rationality and scientificity of the index system, while the relative weight method was used to calculate the weight of the index system.Results:277 valid questionnaires were recovered. Through the exploratory factor analysis, an index system of influencing factors of medical device management was established, which consisted of such level-indexes as the human factor, device factor, material factor, method factor, and environment factor, as well as 17 level-2 indexes. The fitness-indexes of the second-order structural equation model were finally fitted as follows: the chi-square to freedom ratio was 2.606, the approximate root mean square error was 0.076, and the value of value-added adaptation index, non-standard adaptation index and comparative adaptation index were 0.921, 0.903 and 0.920, respectively. The weights of the method factor, human factor, device factor, material factor and environment factor of the level-1 indexes were 0.216, 0.191, 0.175, 0.274 and 0.144, respectively. Such factors as manpower, regulations and institutional processes, and information technology ranked top three among the 17 level-2 indexes, which were 0.090, 0.082 and 0.080 respectively.Conclusions:The influencing factor model of medical device management during the COVID-19 pandemic in this study is ideal; human factors and method factors are the influencing factors deserving high priority in medical device management during the COVID-19 pandemic. Ensuring sufficient human resources, improving laws, regulations and processes, as well as enhancing information management level are breakthroughs expected in medical device management.

6.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 1-6, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995891

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the expression level of hsa-miR-422a in hypertrophic scars and to identify the target genes of hsa-miR-422a along with their biological functions using bioinformatics approaches.Methods:From June 2020 to December 2020, tissue samples of 3 hypertrophic scar and 3 normal skin were collected from patients (3 males, 3 females, aged 20-42 years) in Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Shanghai Ninth People′s Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine. Primary fibroblasts were isolated and cultured. Real-time quantitative PCR was performed to quantify the expression of hsa-miR-422a. To construct a ceRNA network, starbase and Target Scandata bases were utilized to predict genes as well as long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) that may sponge hsa-miR-422a. GO and KEGG pathway enrichment analyses were conducted on the target genes of hsa-miR-422a; protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks were constructed to identify the hub genes whose functions were predicted by functional enrichment analyses. The expression of hub genes was validated through real-time quantitative PCR in hypertrophic scars.Results:The expression of hsa-miR-422a was significantly lower in the hypertrophic scar tissue samples and fibroblasts compared to that in the normal skin ( P<0.05). 133 target genes as well as 1033 lncRNAs were predicted by starBase and TargetScandata bases and used to construct an hsa-miR-422a-centered ceRNA network. PPI networks of the target genes revealed 10 hub genes, including MAPK1, GRB2, and IGF1R, which were discovered to be related to protein serine/threonine/tyrosine kinase activity, ubiquitin protein ligase binding, fibroblast growth factor receptor signaling pathway, muscle cell proliferation, and many others; besides, they may be involved in FoxO, mTOR, Toll-like receptor, Ras, MAPK, PI3K-Akt signaling pathways and signaling pathways regulating pluripotency of stem cells. Three hub genes (MAPK1, GRB2, and IGF1R) were significantly upregulated in hypertrophic scars ( P<0.05). Conclusions:hsa-miR-422a is significantly downregulated in the hypertrophic scars and may target hub genes such as MAPK1 in ceRNA networks, ultimately modulating hypertrophic scar formation.

7.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 243-247, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995195

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe any effect of supplementing conventional rehabilitation training with repeated transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in the treatment of lumbar disc herniation (LDH).Methods:Seventy-two LDH patients were randomly divided into an rTMS group ( n=24), a training group ( n=24), and a combined group ( n=24). The rTMS group received 2Hz rTMS at an intensity of 80% resting motor threshold with a total of 1000 pulses, the training group was given Mackenzie therapy and lumbar core muscle stability training, while the combined group was provided with both. Each group was treated once a day, 6 times a week for 8 weeks. The participants rated their pain using a visual analog scale (VAS), and the Oswestry dysfunction index (ODI) was also used to evaluate the degree of pain and dysfunction in all three groups before and right after the treatment, as well as 8 weeks later. After the treatment, its therapeutic effect was evaluated using the improved Macnab standard. Each patient was followed up for 12 months and any recurrence was recorded. Results:Before treatment there was no significant difference in average VAS ratings or ODI scores among the three groups. Afterward, pain and dysfunction were relieved significantly in all three groups. Compared with the rTMS group, the average VAS rating in the training group was significantly higher and the average ODI score was significantly lower after the treatment and during the follow-up. Moreover, the average VAS rating and ODI score of the combined group were significantly lower than those in the other two groups after the treatment and during follow-up. The total effectiveness rate in the rTMS group was assessed as 62.5% compared with 95.8% in the training group and 100% in the combined group-a significant difference for the rTMS group. Follow-up showed that the recurrence rates of the rTMS group, training group and combined group were 37.5%, 25% and 8.3%, respectively-a significant difference in the case of the combined group.Conclusion:rTMS combined with rehabilitation training can relieve pain, improve lumbar function and reduce the recurrence of LDH.

8.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 381-382, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994044

ABSTRACT

Percutaneous nephrolithotripsy is the first line treatment for complete staghorn calculi, but there are risks such as renal function damage, bleeding, and infection. A case of complete staghorn calculi 8.3 cm×4.5 cm and mean CT value of 1 321 HU was reported. Urine culture suggested proteus mirabilis infection. The patient was given sensitive antibiotics for 3 days, and was treated with one session of natural orifice transluminal endoscopic lithotripsy with intelligent control of renal pelvic pressure. KUB on the first postoperative day showed residual stones of 1.0 cm×0.5 cm. There were no complications.

9.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 493-497, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993842

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate frailty in older patients with comorbidities and explore related risk factors.Methods:A cross-sectional study was conducted with an enrollment of 746 patients aged 65 years or older with comorbidities in the Wanshoulu Road area of Beijing from April 2019 to December 2020.A total of 617 patients with comorbidities were finally included, aged(85.6±4.8)years, including 358 women(58.0%); According to the FRAIL scale, 617 patients with comorbidities were divided into a frail group(156 cases, 25.3%)and a non-frail group(461 cases, 74.7%). Demographic data and information on comorbidities were collected.Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analyses of risk factors were conducted.Results:Among 617 patients with comorbidities, the common chronic diseases in descending order were hypertension(497 cases, 80.6%), coronary heart disease(375 cases, 60.8%), osteoporosis(357 cases, 57.9%), osteoarthritis(281 cases, 45.5%), type 2 diabetes(211 cases, 34.2%), stroke and/or transient ischemic attack(193 cases, 31.3%), chronic lung disease(144 cases, 23.3%), tumor(133 cases, 21.6%), chronic kidney disease(92 cases, 14.9%), and heart failure(58 cases, 9.4%). Univariate logistic regression analysis showed that age, type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, heart failure, chronic lung disease, stroke/transient ischemic attack, cancer and osteoarthritis were influencing factors for frailty( P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age, type 2 diabetes, heart failure, chronic lung disease, cancer and osteoarthritis were risk factors for frailty( OR=1.076, 1.806, 3.275, 3.371, 1.640, 2.227, all P<0.05). Conclusions:Old age, type 2 diabetes, heart failure, chronic lung disease, tumor and osteoarthritis are closely related to frailty in elderly patients with comorbidities.Proactive and effective prevention and intervention should be instituted to target risk factors for frailty to reduce the occurrence of adverse outcomes.

10.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 849-857, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993512

ABSTRACT

Objective:To prepare cell membrane-coated nanovesicles with targeted delivery of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) agonist, and to explore the effect and mechanism of inducing the polarization of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) and treating osteosarcoma.Methods:TLR4 agonist loaded nanovesicles were prepared by polycarbonate membrane extruders. The morphology and size of nanovesicles were detected by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and particle size analyzer, and the drug loading performance of the nanovesicles to TLR4 agonist was investigated. TLR4 agonist loaded nanovesicles were co-incubated with macrophages in vitro, and the targeting ability of nanovesicles to macrophages and its role in regulating the function of macrophages were detected by confocal fluorescence microscopy. In vitro experiments, a cell co-culture system was established. After the upper layer macrophages were treated by the control group, the TLR4 agonist group and the TLR4 agonist loaded nanovesicle group, the lower layer osteosarcoma cells were collected for CCK-8 and cloning formation experiments to evaluate their effects on the proliferation and migration of osteosarcoma cells. In vivo experiments, an osteosarcoma subcutaneous graft tumor model was established, and mice were randomly divided into the control group, the TLR4 agonist group, and the TLR4 agonist loaded nanovesicle group. After the treatment by caudal vein, the tumor targeting ability of nanovesicles in vivo was explored through the in vivo imaging system, and the volume of tumor tissue was continuously detected. The subcutaneous tumors were stained to detect macrophage-related markers, and their effect on the polarization of macrophages was evaluated. The TUNEL fluorescence of tumor tissues was further detected.Results:TEM showed the round shape of TLR4 agonist loaded nanovesicle and the size was about 200 nm. The co-incubation of 0.05 mg TLR4 agonist with 0.1 mg nanovesicles was the best condition for the preparation of drug-loaded nanovesicles. The drug loading efficiency was about 35% and the drug loading content was about 0.11 mg/mg. The membrane-coated nanovesicles could efficiently load and deliver TLR4 agonist. TLR4 agonist loaded nanovesicles were labeled with DiD red fluorescent dye, and then the labeled nanovesicles were co-incubated with macrophages. It was found by confocal fluorescence microscopy that DiD labeled TLR4 agonist loaded nanovesicles significantly accumulated in macrophages, and the fluorescence of M1-type macrophage marker (iNOS) was significantly enhanced, which could induce M1 polarization of macrophages. In vitro experiments, it was found that the number of osteosarcoma cells in the TLR4 agonist loaded nanovesicle group was significantly reduced under the light microscope, and the cell morphology was wrinkled and rounded. CCK-8 and cloning formation experiments showed that the proliferation and migration ability of osteosarcoma cells in the TLR4 agonist loaded nanovesicle group was significantly reduced compared with the control group and the TLR4 agonist group. A subcutaneous graft tumor model was established. In vivo imaging experiments showed that TLR4 agonist loaded nanovesicles locally accumulated in tumor tissues in vivo, but were not distributed in other organs. The growth of tumor tissue was significantly inhibited in the TLR4 agonist loaded nanovesicle group. Moreover, the fluorescence of M1-type macrophage marker (iNOS) was significantly enhanced (relative fluorescence intensity: 3.27±0.19), while the fluorescence of M2-type macrophage marker (CD163) was significantly decreased (relative fluorescence intensity: 0.14±0.04). TUNEL fluorescence staining showed that the apoptosis level of osteosarcoma cells was significantly increased (relative fluorescence intensity: 9.53±0.21).Conclusion:Membrane-coated nanovesicles could targeted deliver TLR4 agonist to osteosarcoma, induce TAMspolarization, remodel tumor immunosuppressive microenvironment, promote cell apoptosis, and effectively kill osteosarcoma.

11.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 841-848, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993511

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors of recurrence after resection of thigh soft tissue malignant tumors and the evaluation of the postoperative lower limb function.Methods:A total of 211 patients who underwent thigh soft tissue malignant tumor resection in the Department of Orthopaedics of the second affiliated Hospital of Medical College of Zhejiang University from May 2011 to May 2021 were retrospectively analyzed, including 117 males and 94 females, aged 53 (43, 65) years. There were 59 cases of atypical/well-differentiated liposarcoma, 30 cases of other types of liposarcoma, 33 cases of malignant fibrous histiocytoma, 19 cases of fibrosarcoma, 12 cases of rhabdomyosarcoma, 12 cases of leiomyosarcoma, 9 cases of synovial sarcoma, and 37 cases of others. The tumor involvement of muscle, bone, blood vessel, nerve tissue and intermuscular compartment, postoperative Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) functional score and recurrence were recorded. The relationship between anatomical structure and postoperative recurrence was analyzed by Cox logistic regression to determine risk factors; the cumulative recurrence rate of different compartment groups (medial compartment, anterior compartment, and posterior compartment) were compared; The Box plot was used to compare the postoperative function of patients with resection of different anatomical structures (e.g., vastus lateralis, biceps femoris, femur, etc.).Results:A total of 34 out of 211 patients relapsed, with a recurrence rate of 16.1%. The recurrence time ranged from 2.6 months to 91.6 months after operation, with a median recurrence time of 37.0 (18.2, 52.8) months. Three independent risk factors were found to be associated with recurrence, namely: pathological grade [ HR=3.86, 95% CI(1.75, 8.51)], involvement of vastus intermedius [ HR=3.05, 95% CI(1.53, 6.06)], and involvement of vastus medialis [ HR=3.17, 95% CI(1.56, 6.41)]. The recurrence rate of patients with anterior chamber tumor resection was 35.3%, which was higher than that of patients without tumor resection (16.2%), and the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.020). There was no significant difference in recurrence rate between patients with medial chamber tumor resection and patients without tumor resection ( P>0.05). The recurrence rate of patients with posterior compartment tumor resection was 12.3%, which was lower than that of unresectable patients (37.6%), and the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.002).The postoperative MSTS score of 167 patients averaged 26±3.2 points (9-30 points). After intraoperative resection of part of the femur, vastus intermedius, vastus medialis, and rectus femoris, the patient's function was relatively poor [corresponding median MSTS score: 25 (23, 28), 26 (24 28), 26 (24,28), 26(24, 27)]. Conclusion:The risk factors for local recurrence after resection of thigh soft tissue malignant tumors include: pathological grade of the tumor, and whether the vastus intermedius or vastus medialis is involved. Anterior compartment tumors have a higher recurrence rate after surgery. If the tumor involves the above-mentioned anatomical structures, more attention should be paid to the risk of local recurrence after surgery.

12.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 164-171, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993424

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the surgical method and clinical effect of O-arm navigation mini-open burring for osteoid osteoma.Methods:Eighteen patients with osteoid osteoma were treated with O-arm guided grinding drill from June 2021 to May 2022, including 15 males and 3 females, the age was (18.4 ±10.9) years (range 2 to 44 years), and the course of disease ranged from 1 week to 3 years (mean 14.2 months). The lesions sites included 6 cases of proximal femur, 3 cases of distal femur, 4 cases of proximal tibia, 1 case of distal tibia, 2 cases of proximal fibula and 1 case of distal and proximal humerus. During the operation, the O-arm navigation was used to determine the location of the focus, the muscle and soft tissue was peeled off to the bone surface through a 1-4 cm small incision, the channel retractor was placed, and the burr was registered as a navigation recognition device to gradually remove the bone on the surface of the tumor nest, and the tumor nest was scraped with a curette for pathological examination; according to the navigation image, the focus was enlarged removed with burr and the grinding range was confirmed by the O-arm X-ray machine before the end of the operation. The patients were followed up for 6 to 15 months (mean 9.5 months). CT scans were performed before and after surgery for imaging comparison in order to figure out whether it had residual lesions or recurrence. The visual analogue score (VAS) of pain was used as a parameter for evaluating the clinical efficacy.Results:The operation time of 18 cases was 40-175 min, with an average of 89.3 min. The time required to establish navigation image was 18.0 ±4.1 min (range 13 ~ 22 min). The length of the incision was 2.7±1.1 cm (range 1-4 cm). All patients achieved complete curettage of the lesions, and osteoid osteoma was confirmed by pathology after operation. All the patients could move to the ground 24 hours after operation, and the pain was significantly relieved from 3 to 7 d after operation, and the pain almost disappeared 3 months after operation. The VAS score of 18 cases was 5.33±1.24 before surgery, 2.79±1.32 on the 3rd day, 1.86±1.21 on the 7th day, 0.86±0.93 on the 1st month, 0.33±0.48 on the 3rd month, and 0.09±0.29 on the 6th month after operation, and the difference was statistically significant ( F=58.50, P<0.001). There were no serious complications during and after operation, and the success rate of treatment (no recurrence of symptoms, no residual recurrence of imaging lesions, no serious complications after operation) was 100%. Conclusion:Treatment of osteoid osteoma with mini-open excision using burrs under the navigation of O-arm is a simple, safe, minimally invasive and efficient technique. Intraoperative precise positioning and the use of burr with navigation to remove a larger area than the tumor nest are the keys to successful treatment.

13.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 457-462, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991340

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relation among self-esteem, psychological flexibility and mental health in medical students, and to provide scientific reference for mental health education for medical students.Methods:A total of 788 medical students selected from a medical university in Chongqing City were investigated with the symptom checklist 90 (SCL-90), self-esteem scale (SES), acceptance and action questionnaire-Ⅱ (AAQ-Ⅱ), and cognitive fusion questionnaire-fusion (CFQ-F). SPSS 22.0 software was used for statistical analysis. T test, ANOVA, correlation analysis and tests for mediation effects were conducted. Results:There were significant differences in self-esteem and mental health level among medical students in gender and different grades ( t=-2.55, P<0.05; F=6.53, P<0.05). Mental health, self-esteem and psychological flexibility of medical students were correlated in pairs ( r=-0.528-0.694, P<0.01). Psychological flexibility played a partial mediation role between self-esteem and mental health of medical students, and the mediating effect accounted for 60.03% of the total effect. Conclusion:Self-esteem can directly predict the mental health of medical students, and can also indirectly affect mental health through psychological flexibility. Medical universities should carry out psychological education and promotion work with pertinence.

14.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 616-621, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953839

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct a human health literacy indicator system for prevention of parasitic diseases based on Delphi method. Methods Based on literature reviews and expert interviews, a questionnaire was designed and a two-round Delphi consultation was performed. A human health literacy indicator system for prevention of parasitic diseases was constructed according to the deletion criteria and experts’ advice. Results A total of 14 experts completed the two-round consultation. The second-round authority coefficients were 0.91 to 0.96 for the first-level indicators, 0.87 to 0.97 for the second-level indicators and 0.86 to 0.97 for the third-level indicators. A human health literacy indicator system for prevention of parasitic diseases was constructed with the main framework of basic knowledge and awareness, healthy behaviors, and healthy skills, which contained 3 first-level indicators, 12 second-level indicators and 48 third-level indicators. Among the three first-level indicators, basic knowledge and awareness had the highest weighting coefficient (0.336 5), followed by healthy behaviors (0.334 9), and healthy skills had the lowest weighting coefficient (0.328 6). The three secondary-level indicators with the highest combined weights included awareness of the epidemic status (0.088 2), awareness of the resource of infection (0.085 8) and basic awareness of parasitic diseases (0.085 5). Conclusion A human health literacy indicator system for prevention of parasitic diseases is preliminarily constructed, which provides insights into the development of health literacy evaluation tools for prevention of parasitic diseases in the new era.

15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2316-2323, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007636

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Existing evidence suggests that fruit consumption is a significant influencing factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but this is unclear in the Chinese population. We examined the association of fresh fruit consumption with the risk of COPD-related hospitalization and death in a nationwide, population-based prospective cohort from China.@*METHODS@#Between 2004 and 2008, the China Kadoorie Biobank recruited >0.5 million adults aged 30 to 79 years from ten diverse regions across China. After excluding individuals diagnosed with major chronic diseases and prevalent COPD, the prospective analysis included 421,428 participants. Cox regression was used to calculate the hazard ratios (HRs) for the association between fresh fruit consumption and risk of COPD-related hospitalization and death, with adjustment for established and potential confounders.@*RESULTS@#During a mean follow-up of 10.9 years, 11,292 COPD hospitalization events and deaths were documented, with an overall incidence rate of 2.47/1000 person-years. Participants who consumed fresh fruit daily had a 22% lower risk of COPD-related hospitalization and death compared with non-consumers (HR = 0.78, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.71-0.87). The inverse association between fresh fruit consumption and COPD-related hospitalization and death was stronger among non-current smokers and participants with normal body mass index (BMI) (18.5 kg/m 2 ≤ BMI < 24.0 kg/m 2 ); the corresponding HRs for daily fresh fruit consumption were 0.78 (95% CI: 0.68-0.89) and 0.69 (95% CI: 0.59-0.79) compared with their counterparts, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#High-frequency fruit consumption was associated with a lower risk of COPD in Chinese adults. Increasing fruit consumption, together with cigarette cessation and weight control, should be considered in the prevention and management of COPD.

16.
JOURNAL OF RARE DISEASES ; (4): 290-293, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005083

ABSTRACT

Autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis caused by CERS3 mutations is extremely rare in clinical practice. We recently identified a family of autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis and performed multigene exome sequencing for hereditary skin diseases to identify causative genes. Mutation analysis revealed compound heterozygous mutations of c.746A>G(from the mother) and exon12 deletion(from the father)in CERS3 were detected in the proband, which were verified by Sanger sequencing and co-segregated with the ichthyosis phenotype in the proband and her parents. These mutations were both reported for the first time. For the treatment, the proband received an oral acitretin capsules of 20 mg once daily. After 3-month follow up, the patient's lesion improved significantly.

17.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 599-603, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015184

ABSTRACT

[Abstract] Oligodendroglial lineage cells (OLGs) are important cell reserves for myelination and remyelination. Recent studies of central nervous system (CNS) indicated that besides traditional CNS immune cells like microglia, primitive cells of oligodendroglial lineage, oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs) can also actively participate immune responses. Simulated by physiological or pathological factors, OPCs can express a series of receptors,signaling and/ or regulatory molecules et al, in this way,OPCs can play a critical role in both development and maintenance of the blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier (BCB), and most essentially, in initial stage for recruitment of peripheral immune cells and initial immune activation. Besides, in neurological disorders, recent research has revealed that OPCs can transform to disease-specific cell states, characterized by activation of immune cell exclusive genes. These findings may provide the basis for a new insight into the therapeutic strategy of neuron disorders and neurovascular diseases by effectively regulating OPCs.

18.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 189-197, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014685

ABSTRACT

Meloxicam is a long-acting non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, which is mainly used in the treatment of chronic osteoarthritis and postoperative analgesia. Recent studies have found that the drug has great therapeutic potential in anti-tumor, improving cognitive impairment in Alzheimerls disease, mobilizing hematopoietic stem cells and so on. This paper reviewed the pharmacological mechanism of meloxicam, the adverse reactions in gastrointestinal tract, kidney, liver and cardiovascular aspects, summarized various forms of clinical application from the perspective of preparation, and summarized the current clinical treatment strategy of combining with Western medicine and Chinese medicine respectively.

19.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 29-35, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013874

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effects of dagliflozin (DAPA) on atrial tachyarrhythmia (AT) in rats with right heart failure (RHF) due to pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and the underlying mechanisms. Methods Sixty male SD rats were randomly divided into four groups: control group (CTL group), model group (MCT group), MCT + low-dose DAPA intervention group (MCT + LD group) and MCT + high-dose DAPA intervention group (MCT + HD group). After 35 days of continuous intervention, the model and cardiac function evaluation, atrial structural remodelling assessment, inflammatory factor detection, and in vivo cardiac electrophysiology experiments were completed. Results DAPA reduced menn pulmonaryarterial pressure (mPAP) and menn right ventricular pressure (mRVP) in the model rats (P <0.05), attenuated the inflammatory response (P < 0.05), reduced right atrial fibrosis (P <0.05), reduced AT induction rate (P < 0.05) and mean atrial tachyarrhythmia duration (MATD) (P < 0.05), the extent of which was more pronounced in the high-dose DAPA intervention group. Conclusions DAPA can reduce AT susceptibility in PAH-induced RHF rats, and the mechanisms may be related to the inhibition of systemic inflammation and anti-atrial fibrosis by DAPA.

20.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 431-438, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013830

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effects of daidzeinDD on the proliferation and apoptosis of non-small cell lung cancer cells,with a focus on the possible role of the p53 signaling pathway in this regard. Methods CCK-8 method and flow cytometry were used to detect the effects of soy isoflavone crude extract and DD on the viability and apoptosis of HELF and H1299 cells. Gene microarray was used to detect the changes in gene expression after treatment of H1299 cells with DD. GSEA and differential analysis were used to screen the major pathways and key genes. RT-qPCR and Western blot were performed to verify the differences in mRNA and protein expression of key genesp53 and CASP9 in the major pathways. After p53 inhibitor Pifithrin-α inhibited the expression of p53,the effect of DD on p53 mRNA and protein expression levels was examined,and the proliferative effect on H1299 cells was observed. Results Soy isoflavone crude extract and DD promoted proliferation and inhibited apoptosis of normal lung cells and inhibited proliferation and promoted apoptosis of lung cancer cells. p53 signaling pathway was significantly enriched in the DD-treated groupNES=1.78,P=0.000,and the expressions of p53 and CASP9 genes were found to be significantly up-regulated in the treated group. Compared with the control group,mRNA expression of CASP9 and p53 significantly increased in both HELF and H1299 cells treated with DDP<0.05,and p53 protein expression also increased in HELF cellsP<0.05. After inhibition of p53 expression,DD significantly increased the mRNA expression of p53 in H1299 and HELF cellsP<0.05 and also markedly increased the expression of p53 protein in H1299 cellsP<0.05,and it was observed that DD inhibited the proliferation of lung cancer cells. Conclusions DD inhibits the proliferation and promotes the apoptosis of lung cancer H1299 cells,and the mechanism mainly involves the p53 signaling pathway.

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