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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910124

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of translabial ultrasound (TLUS) in female periurethral benign solid lesions (PBSL).Methods:Twenty-one female patients (21 lesions) with PBSL identified pathologically within the process of cystoscope or surgery from June 2017 to December 2020 were enrolled. All of them underwent urethral examination (UE) and TLUS. The detection rates of the lesions of UE and TLUS were compared, and the ultrasonic diagnostic accuracy and ultrasonic manifestations were analyzed.Results:Sixteen of the 21 patients showed lower urinary tract symptoms (76.19%). Among the 21 lesions, the detection rates of UE and TLUS were 52.38% (11/21) and 85.71% (18/21), respectively, the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.019). The length of 18 lesions detected by TLUS was (1.79±1.04)cm, and 13 lesions (72.22%) were shorter than 3 cm. Among 18 cases, urethral caruncle (13 cases) was the most common benign periurethral mass, the main ultrasonic manifestations of urethral caruncle showed hyperecho lesions in the middle and distal urethra, and the blood flow was mostly in a branch-like distribution. At the same time, there were 5 cases of urethral myoma and other solid lesions, the main ultrasonic manifestations of urethral myoma showed clear boundary, low echo and peripheral short strip blood flow. Using pathological results as the gold standard, the accuracy of ultrasonic diagnosis was 88.89% (16/18). Conclusions:TLUS is able to improve the detection rate of periurethral benign solid lesions, and the diagnostic concordant rate is acceptable.TLUS can provide more diagnostic and therapeutic information.

2.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 817-823, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911904

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of acteoside on the expressions of high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) in the renal tissue of diabetic nephropathy mice.Methods:Among 20 healthy 8-week old C57BL/6J mice, 5 mice were randomly selected as normal control group, the rest were established as type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) models by a single intraperitoneal injection of streptozocin (STZ, 150 mg/kg). T1DM mice were randomly divided into three groups: 5 mice without treatment, 5 mice treated with acteoside and 5 mice treated with irbesartan. After continuous administration for 8 weeks, serum, urine, and kidney tissue were collected for biochemical, pathological, and related mRNA and protein detection. The renal tubular epithelial cells (NRK-52E cells) were divided into control group (1 g/L glucose), high glucose group (4.5 g/L glucose) and high glucose+acteoside group (4.5 g/L glucose+32 μmol/L acteoside). Real-time PCR and Western blotting were used to assess the expressions of HMGB1 and NF-κB after 48 hours and 72 hours culturing.Results:Compared with normal control group, blood glucose, 24-hour quantitative urinary protein, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), serum creatinine (Scr) and blood and urine HMGB1 were significantly increased in model group (all P<0.05), along with interstitial inflammatory cell infiltration and messangial matrix expantion, and the expressions of HMGB1 and NF-κB were significantly enhanced (all P<0.05). Compared with model group, histopathologic changes were alleviated and the mRNA and protein expression levels of HMGB1 and NF-κB were lower in the acteoside group (all P<0.05), while the blood glucose level was maintained at high level ( P>0.05), excluding reduced quantitative 24-hour urinary protein, BUN, Scr, and serum and urine HMGB1 (all P<0.05). Compared with control group, the mRNA and protein expressions of HMGB1 and NF-κB were increased in high glucose group of NRK-52E cells (all P<0.05). Compared with high glucose group, the mRNA and protein expressions of HMGB1 and NF-κB in high glucose+acteoside group were down-regulated (all P<0.05). Conclusion:Acteoside may alleviate the nephropathy in STZ-induced diabetic nephropathy mice by down-regulating the expressions of HMGB1 and NF-κB.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905825

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Danggui Niantongtang on the protein and mRNA expression of key regulatory factors of the extrinsic and intrinsic apoptotic pathway in synovial tissue of adjuvant arthritis (AA) rats, and to further explore the mechanism of Danggui Niantongtang in the prevention and treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Method:The general condition of AA rats, including its body weight, were observed. The changes of toe volume were detected by toe volume meter. Histopathological changes of synovium of knee joint were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The mRNA and protein expression levels of tumor necrosis factor receptor super family 6 (Fas), Fas-associating protein with a novel death domain(FADD), B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax) and cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase Caspase-3 (Caspase-3) were detected by Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) and Western blot. Result:Compared with the normal group, the toe volume of the model group increased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.01), with significantly proliferated synovial cells, significantly reduced mRNA and protein expression levels of Fas, FADD, Bax and Caspase-3 in synovial tissues(<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic> P</italic><0.01), and significantly increased Bcl-2 level (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the swelling degree of toes in Danggui Niantongtang group and Tripterygium group was significantly alleviated (<italic>P</italic><0.01), with significantly improved synovial hyperplasia, significantly increased mRNA and protein expression levels of Fas, FADD, Bax and Caspase-3 (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), and significantly decreased expression levels of bcl-2 mRNA and protein (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Danggui Niantongtang can effectively reduce joint swelling and abnormal proliferation of synovial tissue in AA rats. Its mechanism may be related to regulating the expression of Fas, FADD, Bax, Bcl-2 and Caspase-3, and promoting the apoptosis of synovial cells.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905230

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of microelectronic EMG bridge (EMGB) training on the motor function of extensor carpi radialis longus in patients with complete cervical 5 spinal cord injury. Methods:From March, 2016 to March, 2017, 20 patients with complete cervical 5 spinal cord injury were randomly divided into control group (n = 10) and experimental group (n = 10). The control group received routine wrist extensor muscle training, and the experimental group received EMGB training in addition, for 180 days. The motor function of the affected limb was evaluated by sEMG of extensor carpi radialis longus, Manual Muscle Test (MMT), Wolf Motor Function Test (WMFT) and Spinal Cord Lesion Independence Measure (SCIM). Results:After treatment, the peak value and average value of sEMG of extensor carpi longus of both sides increased in both groups (t > 2.510, P < 0.05), the peak value and average value of the left side were higher (t > 2.759, P < 0.05), and the peak value of the right side was higher (t = 2.691, P < 0.05) in the experiment group than in the control group, however, there was no significant difference in average value of the right side between two groups (t = 2.063, P = 0.054). The scores of MMT increased in both groups (t > 2.569, P < 0.05), and were higher in the experimental group than in the control group (t > 2.278, P < 0.05). The scores of WMFT and SCIM increased in both groups (t > 3.839, P < 0.05), however, there was no significant difference between two groups (t < 1.498, P > 0.05). Conclusion:EMGB training could improve the motor function of extensor carpi radialis longus in patients with complete cervical 5 spinal cord injury.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1880-1892, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887015

ABSTRACT

As a key signal transduction molecule involved in the innate immune response, stimulator of interferon genes (STING) is triggered by cytosolic DNA from pathogen and host origins, and plays an important role in inducing the secretion of type I interferons and proinflammatory cytokines, thereby defending against viral and intracellular bacterial infections and regulating the production of spontaneous antitumor immune responses in vivo. Thus, STING agonists have shown useful therapeutic effects for pathogen infection and cancer. In the past decade research on STING and its agonists has progressed rapidly. Here, we summarize recent advances in the structure and activation of STING and the mechanism of the cGAS-STING pathway. In particular, we review research advances of STING agonists, analyze the crystal structure of STING in complex with its agonists and the structure-activity relationship of STING agonists, and summarize the strong challenges of developing STING agonists.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883086

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the current status and the influencing factors of knowledge, attitude and behavior of radiodermatitis in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma undergoing radiotherapy, so as to provide a scientific basis for nursing staff to formulate effective health education programs.Methods:A self-designed questionnaire was used to investigate 220 radiotherapy patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma in the radiotherapy department of 4 tertiary A hospitals in Hunan Province.Results:The scores of knowledge, attitude, and behavior of radiodermatitis patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma were (61.58±19.93), (75.70 ±15.64), (65.87±14.21) points, respectively. The main factors influencing of behavior are knowledge, attitude, radiodermatitis grade, radiotherapy frequency, and family personal monthly income level ( t values were 1.978-8.081, P<0.05). Conclusion:At present, patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma undergoing radiotherapy have a partial understanding of radiodermatitis and poor self-observation of radiodermatitis. Nursing staff should pay special attention to the patients with incomplete knowledge, negative attitudes, low family personal monthly income, low frequency of radiotherapy, and low grade of radiodermatitis.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1300-1314, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881200

ABSTRACT

HMG-CoA reductase (HMGCR) protein is usually upregulated after statin (HMGCR inhibitor) treatment, which inevitably diminishes its therapeutic efficacy, provoking the need for higher doses associated with adverse effects. The proteolysis targeting chimera (PROTAC) technology has recently emerged as a powerful approach for inducing protein degradation. Nonetheless, due to their bifunctional nature, developing orally bioavailable PROTACs remains a great challenge. Herein, we identified a powerful HMGCR-targeted PROTAC (

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878361

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study was designed to conduct a retrospective and systematic occupational health risk assessment (OHRA) of enterprises that used benzene, toluene, and xylene (BTX) in Shanghai, China.@*Methods@#All data for the study were obtained from 1,705 occupational health examination and evaluation reports from 2013 to 2017, and a semiquantitative model following Chinese OHRA guidelines (GBZ/T 298-2017) was applied for the assessment.@*Results@#The selected enterprises using BTX were mainly involved in manufacturing of products. Using the exposure level method, health risk levels associated with exposure to BTX were classified as medium, negligible, or low. However, the risk levels associated with benzene and toluene were significantly different according to job types, with gluers and inkers exhibiting greater health risks. For the same job type, the health risk levels assessed using the comprehensive index method were higher than those using the exposure level method.@*Conclusion@#Our OHRA reveals that workers who are exposed to BTX still face excessive health risk. Additionally, the risk level varied depending on job categories and exposure to specific chemicals. Therefore, additional control measures recommended by OHRA guidelines are essential to reduce worker exposure levels.


Subject(s)
Air Pollutants, Occupational/analysis , Benzene/analysis , China , Humans , Occupational Exposure/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Toluene/analysis , Xylenes/analysis
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1649-1654, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827914

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Benign epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS) is the most common type of childhood idiopathic focal epilepsy. BECTS is associated with pervasive cognitive deficits and behavior problems. While seizures can be easily controlled, it is crucial to select anti-epileptic drugs that do not impair cognition, do not cause psychosocial effects, and improve the quality of life. Previous studies showed effects of oxcarbazepine (OXC) monotherapy on the cognitive and psychosocial profiles of patients with BECTS. Here, we studied the effects of OXC monotherapy on the neuropsychologic profiles and quality of life in patients with BECTS in China.@*METHODS@#Thirty-one patients aged 6 to 12 years newly diagnosed with BECTS were recruited. A psychometric assessment was performed before and during the follow-up of OXC monotherapy with Cognitive Computerized Task Battery, Depression Self-Rating Scale for children, Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders, and Quality of Life in Epilepsy-31 (QOLIE-31). The results of the assessments were compared to explore the effect of OXC monotherapy in patients with BECTS.@*RESULTS@#Thirty children with BECTS completed the study. Five of ten cognitive test scores improved after treatment via OXC monotherapy, including visual tracing (F = 14.480, P < 0.001), paired associated learning (language) (F = 6.292, P < 0.001), paired associated learning (number) (F = 9.721, P < 0.05), word semantic (F = 6.003, P < 0.05), and simple subtraction (F = 6.229, P < 0.05). Of the neuropsychology data concerning the quality of life, statistically significant improvements were observed in emotion (F = 4.946, P < 0.05), QOLIE-social (F = 5.912, P < 0.05), and QOLIE-total (F = 14.161, P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#OXC is safe and does not impair neuropsychologic functions, with no obvious mood burden on children with BECTS. Most importantly, OXC has positive impacts on children's perception of quality of life, especially in terms of happiness and life satisfaction.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827791

ABSTRACT

Triterpenoids have been described in Andrographis paniculata. Oleanolic acid exhibits high biological activity and is widely used in the clinic, and β-sitosterol not only has good biological activity but also plays an important physiological role in plants. However, analysis of the biosynthetic pathway of triterpenoids in Andrographis paniculata has not been reported. Here, we provide the first report of the isolation and identification of nine 2, 3-oxidosqualene cyclases (ApOSC3 to ApOSC11) from A. paniculata. The results showed that ApOSC4 represented a monofunctional synthase that could convert 2, 3-oxidosqualene to β-amyrin. ApOSC5 as a bifunctional 2, 3-oxidosqualene cyclases, could transfer 2, 3-oxidosqualene to β-amyrin and α-amyrin. ApOSC6 to ApOSC8 composed the multifunctional 2, 3-oxidosqualene cyclases that could convert 2, 3-oxidosqualene to β-amyrin, α-amyrin and one or two undetermined triterpenoids. This study provides a better understanding of the biosynthetic pathway of triterpenoids in A. paniculata, and the discovery of multifunctional 2, 3-oxidosqualene cyclases ApOSC5 to ApOSC8 of the facilitates knowledge of the compounds diversity in A. paniculata.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868088

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility of transperineal ultrasound in quantitative assessment of posterior compartment prolapse among Chinese women.Methods:The prospective multicenter study enrolled 485 women between January 2017 and January 2019. All patients underwent a standard clinical interview, pelvic organ prolapse quantification (POP-Q) examination and transperineal ultrasound examination. Volume data of transperineal ultrasound examinations were obtained at rest and in maximal Valsalva maneuver.Results:The higher POP-Q stage of posterior compartment, the lower rectal ampulla position in maximal Valsalva maneuver (POP-Q stage=0 vs POP-Q stage=1, P<0.001; POP-Q stage=1 vs POP-Q stage≥2, P<0.001), and the greater rectal ampulla hypermobility (POP-Q stage=0 vs POP-Q stage=1, P<0.001; POP-Q stage=1 vs POP-Q stage≥ 2, P=0.007). The rectal ampulla position at rest and in maximal Valsalva maneuver and rectocele depth were correlated with prolapse symptoms ( r=-0.200, P<0.001; r=-0.252, P<0.001; r=0.086, P=0.045). The corresponding cut-off values of rectal ampulla position in maximal Valsalva in diagnosing posterior compartment prolapse (POP-Q stage ≥1) and clinical significant posterior compartment prolapse (POP-Q stage ≥2) were 7.32 mm below the symphysis pubis and 12 mm below the symphysis pubis, respectively, with the area under the ROC curve as 0.75 and 0.85, respectively. Conclusions:The ultrasonic measurements by transperineal ultrasound is significantly associated with POP-Q examination in posterior compartment, and it is demonstrated as a useful tool in quantitative assessment of the severity of posterior compartment prolapse.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868073

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the association between levator hiatus area, pelvic organ prolapse quantification (POP-Q) examination and prolapse symptoms.Methods:The prospective multicenter study enrolled 996 female patients between January 2017 and January 2019. All enrolled patients underwent a standard clinical interview, POP-Q examination and transperineal ultrasound examination. Volume data of pelvic floor ultrasound examinations were obtained at rest, during contraction and during maximal Valsalva maneuver. The association between levator hiatus area, POP-Q examination and prolapse symptoms was analyzed. The performance of levator hiatus area on maximal Valsalva for assessing significant POP(POP-Q stage≥2) and prolapse symptoms were also evaluated.Results:There were significant differences of levator hiatus area at rest, during contraction and during maximal Valsalva among patients with different POP-Q stages (all P<0.001). Levator hiatus area during maximal Valsalva showed the highest correlation with abdominal dragging sensation ( r=0.277, P<0.001). The area under the ROC curve (AUC) of levator hiatus area during maximal Valsalva for significant POP (POP-Q stage≥2) was significantly higher than that for prolapse symptoms (AUC: 0.77 vs 0.69, P<0.001). Conclusions:Levator hiatus area on transperineal has moderate correlation with POP-Q examination and their association is stronger than the correlation between ultrasound findings and prolapse symptoms.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862709

ABSTRACT

<b>Objective::To study the mechanism of modified Taohe Chengqitang in preventing and treating diabetic gastroparesis by regulating relative genes and signaling pathways based on network pharmacology. <b>Method::Target genes of modified Taohe Chengqitang were obtained from Bioinformatics Analysis Tool for Molecular Mechanism of TCM (BATMAN-TCM) database, and target genes of diabetic gastroparesis were obtained from Comparative Toxicogenomics Database (CTD) database. The target genes of modified Taohe Chengqitang-diabetic gastroparesis intersection protein were obtained through the integration of two groups of genes. STRING was used to build the protein-protein interaction network and visualize the results. Cytospace software ClueGO, CluePedia plug-in were used for gene ontology (GO) analysis and enrichment analysis of KEGG pathway of modified Taohe Chengqitang-diabetic gastroparesis target genes intersection, and results were visualized. Finally, CTD database and literatures were used to obtain intersection genes in the treatment of diabetic gastroparesis. <b>Result::Among 621 target genes in modified Taohe Chengqitang, 25 were related to diabetic gastroparesis. By regulating expressions of MLNR, SST, PTGS1, HRH2, HTR3A, HTR4, HTR7, NOS3 and other intersection genes, Taohe Chengqitang could improve the gastrointestinal hormone levels, affected the combination of serotonin and its receptors, activated adenylate cyclase (AC), and induced cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and protein kinase A (PKA), so as to activiate AC/cAMP/PKA signaling pathway, regulate Ca<sup>2+</sup> /K<sup>+</sup> channel, control ion balance, promote the adaptability of gastric smooth muscle, and contract gastric smooth muscle to regulate gastric volume. At the same time, gastric acid secretion was improved to protect gastric mucosa, which may help improve vasoconstriction and hemodynamics. <b>Conclusion::Based on the network pharmacology, modified Taohe Chengqitang has multiple mechanisms in the prevention and treatment of diabetic gastroparesis. This study explored relevant signaling pathways, advantages and research directions of modified Taohe Chengqitang in treatment of diabetic gastroparesis.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881353

ABSTRACT

@#This is a case report of a 7-year-old boy who presented with lower limb pain. He was initially presumed to have growing pains but was subsequently diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL). This case highlights the important clinical presentations and differential diagnoses of ALL that a family physician should be cognizant about to avoid misdiagnosis. It also demonstrates the importance of understanding the patient and family's perspectives when evaluating a child with lower limb pain. This enables us to anticipate and meet their needs.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823095

ABSTRACT

Objective In order to improve the problems of poor water-solubility and low bioavailability of ocular tacrolimus, a cationic nanoemulsion in-situ gel of tacrolimus was developed and its drug release behavior in vitro was studied to provide a basis for further research. Methods Tacrolimus-loaded cationic nanoemulsion was prepared by high pressure homogenization and dispersed in poloxamer 407 and poloxamer 188 to prepare tacrolimus-loaded cationic nanoemulsion-based in-situ gel. The membraneless dissolution model was used to study the in vitro drug release behavior. Results The inverse glass bottle method was used to determine the gelation temperature. The optimal formulation of gel matrix was screened out as 26% poloxamer 407 and 12% poloxamer 188. The in vitro release results showed that the rate of gel dissolution determined the in vitro drug release. Conclusion Tacrolimus-loaded cationic nanoemulsion-based in-situ gel is successfully prepared. Its in vitro drug release is stable. It meets the requirement of ophthalmic formulation and shows good prospects for ocular application.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756670

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze 10 WeChat official accounts of traditional Chinese medicine ( TCM) hospitals in Beijing and their data, to figure out the popular health topics well received by followers, for the purpose of disseminating health knowledge more precisely and efficiently in further work and public service. Methods Python and open API interface were used to scrawl the articles pushed by these accounts from July 1, 2018 to December 31, 2018, identifying topics of high Pviews and thumbs up as the text corpus of hot topics. Furthermore, working with text mining technology, the paper counted the term frequency(TF) and clustered the corpus to finally detect the most popular topics of health knowledge and needs of information by the public. Results Within the given period, the results showed that the top 5 key words with high TF in popular health science included: hypertension, cough, sleep, Gaofang( herbal paste) and pain. In the top 10 clustered hot topics, the followings received high level of public awareness and interpreted by more articles posted by the Wechat official accounts: kidney diseases, genital diseases(female/male) and seasonal affective disorder. Conclusions Methods used in the study can accurately round up popular TCM topics, practical needs of health knowledge of the people, and discover the disease diagnosis, treatment and health issues of the highest public concern, for guidance of the hospitals in their health education and popular science work using new media.

17.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 575-581, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756086

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association of serum magnesium (Mg) level with all-cause mortality in maintenance hemodialysis patients. Methods A multicenter retrospective cohort study was conducted in seven hemodialysis centers of Guizhou province. The adult outpatients who underwent hemodialysis for more than 3 months were included from June 2015 to June 2016. Demographics, baseline clinical and laboratory test results were collected. All patients were followed up until June 30, 2018. Patients were divided into 4 groups according to their baseline serum Mg levels (interquartile range). Kaplan-Meier method was used to compare the survival rates of the four group. Cox regression model was used to analyze the association of Mg with all-cause mortality. Logistic regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of low Mg level. Results A total of 868 hemodialysis dialysis patients with baseline Mg data were enrolled in this study, with age of (55.47± 16.17) years old, among whom 59.4% were male. There were 11 (1.3%) patients with hypomagnesemia (Mg<0.7 mmol/L), 432(49.8% ) patients with hypermagnesemia (Mg>1.05 mmol/L), and 16(1.8% ) patients with Mg>2.0 mmol/L. Median Mg was 1.05 mmol/L and interquartile range was 0.95-1.24 mmol/L. The comparison between Mg quartile groups showed that the difference in age, hemoglobin, serum albumin, serum calcium, parathyroid hormone (PTH), serum creatinine, uric acid and urea nitrogen was statistically significant (all P<0.05). After a median follow-up of 24 months, 207 patients died. Kaplan-Meier curves showed higher all-cause mortality in patients with Mg≤0.95 mmol/L (Q1 group) (Log - rank test χ2=15.11, P=0.002). However, after adjusting for age, comorbidities and biochemical indicators(especially albumin), there was no statistically significant difference in the hazard ratio for all-cause death among the four groups. Multiple logistic regression analysis results showed that low serum albumin (OR=0.946, 95%CI 0.913-0.979, P=0.002) and low serum uric acid (OR=0.994, 95% CI 0.992-0.997, P<0.001) were the risk factors for baseline Mg≤0.95 mmol/L. Conclusions Hypomagnesemia is rare in MHD patients, while hypermagnesemia is more common. Baseline serum Mg≤0.95 mmol/L in MHD patients is correlated with increased risk of all-cause death, but it may be not an independent risk factor. Baseline serum Mg≤0.95 mmol/L that occurred is associated with low levels of albumin and serum uric acid.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743290

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical features of anti-Caspr2 antibody-associated encephalitis. Method The clinical data of anti-Caspr2 antibody-associated encephalitis in a child were retrospectively reviewed. Results A 5-year-old girl manifested as recent memory loss, irritability, cognitive impairment, hallucination, sleep disorders, and so on. The child had positive serum Caspr2 antibody, and was diagnosed with Caspr2 antibody encephalitis after exclusion of other diseases. The literature search retrieved 50 cases of Caspr2 antibody encephalitis with complete data, including 43 male cases and 7 female cases. The minimum onset age of the disease was 5 years in this case. In addition, 1 patient developed the disease at the age of 8, while the rest developed in adulthood. There were 32 cases (62.75%) of marginal encephalitis and 19 cases (37.25%) of morvan's syndrome. The most common clinical symptoms were impaired memory, epileptic seizures, and psychiatric symptoms such as anxiety, apathy, irritability, hallucinations or delusions, peripheral nerve hyperexcitability (PNH) , cerebellar ataxia and autonomic nervous disorders. Forty-four cases (86.27%) recovered or improved, 8 cases (15.69%) were complicated with tumors and 8 cases (15.69%) relapsed. Conclusion Caspr2 antibody encephalitis is relatively rare, especially in children. If the patient has marginal encephalitis symptoms, combining with PNH, ataxia and autonomic nerve symptoms, the possibility of Caspr2 antibody encephalitis should be considered.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776558

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of Shenmai injection(SM) on p38MAPK and the apoptosis-related genes in lung injury induced by intestinal ischemia reperfusion (I/R) in rats and to investigate the protective mechanism of SM.@*METHODS@#Rat model of intestinal I/R injury was established with clamping of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) for 60 min and then clamping was relieved for 60 min. Twenty-four SD rats were randomly divided into three groups with eight rats in each: control group, intestinal ischemia/reperfusion group(I/R group), Shenmai injection treated group (SM+I/R group). Lung wet/dry weight ratio(W/D), the contents of phosphatidylcholine (PC) and total phospholipid(TPL) which are the major ingredients of pulmonary surfactant were measured, as well as the expression levels of p38MAPK, Bcl-2 and Bax proteins in lung tissue were examined by using immunohistochemical method.@*RESULTS@#Compared with control group, lung W/D was significantly increased, the contents of PC and TPL were significantly decreased, the protein expression levels of p38MAPK, Bcl-2 and Bax were significantly increased in I/R group (all P<0.01). But Bax protein expression was much greater than Bcl-2 protein expression, the ratio of Bcl-2 to Bax were significantly decreased in I/R group than that in control group (P<0.01). Compared with I/R group, lung W/D was significantly decreased, while the contents of PC and TPL were significantly increased, the p38MAPK and Bax protein expression levels were significantly decreased in SM+I/R group (all P<0.01); both Bcl-2 protein expression and the ratio of Bcl-2 to Bax were significantly increased in SM+I/R group than those in I/R group (P<0.01). The correlation analysis indicated that the expression level of p38MAPK protein in lung tissue was negatively correlated with the contents of PC and the ratio of Bcl-2 to Bax (r is -0.787 and -0.731, all P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#SM can protect the lung injury induced by intestinal I/R injury, which may be mediated by inhibiting the activation of p38MAPK, improving the ratio of Bcl-2 to Bax to inhibit lung apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Lung Injury , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reperfusion Injury , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Metabolism
20.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 104-119, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757937

ABSTRACT

Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C) is a genetic cardiac muscle disease that accounts for approximately 30% sudden cardiac death in young adults. The Ser358Leu mutation of transmembrane protein 43 (TMEM43) was commonly identified in the patients of highly lethal and fully penetrant ARVD subtype, ARVD5. Here, we generated TMEM43 S358L mouse to explore the underlying mechanism. This mouse strain showed the classic pathologies of ARVD patients, including structural abnormalities and cardiac fibrofatty. TMEM43 S358L mutation led to hyper-activated nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) activation in heart tissues and primary cardiomyocyte cells. Importantly, this hyper activation of NF-κB directly drove the expression of pro-fibrotic gene, transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ1), and enhanced downstream signal, indicating that TMEM43 S358L mutation up-regulates NF-κB-TGFβ signal cascade during ARVD cardiac fibrosis. Our study partially reveals the regulatory mechanism of ARVD development.

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