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1.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 158-163,c3-1, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992923

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the frequency and characteristics of polymyositis (PM) in idiopathic inflammatory myopathy (IIM), and to investigate whether PM is over-diagnosed.Methods:Patients diagnosed as IIM according to the Bohan & Peter criteria of IIM hospitalized in the Department of Rheumatology of China-Japan Friendship Hospital from 2008 to 2019 were involved in the study. Definite PM (dPM) was defined as typical clinical and pathological features including elevated creatine kinase (CK) level, muscle weakness and muscle biopsy findings with endomysial CD8 + T cell infiltration and expression of MHC-1 on sarcolemma. Meanwhile, dermatomyositis (DM), anti-synthase syndrome(ASS), immune-mediated necrotic myopathy(IMNM), sporadic inclusion body myositis(sIBM) and other myopathies were excluded according to the new classification criteria of IIM subtypes respectively. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software 24.0. The Kruskal-Wallis test and χ2 test were used to compare the clinical characteristics between the dPM group and other IIM subtypes. Results:A total of 1 259 patients with IIM including 1 015 (80.6%) DM and 244(19.4%) PM were enrolled in this study. According to the strict definition of PM criteria, only 0.5% of patients (6/1 259) in IIM could be diagnosed as dPM. Most PM patients were IMNM and ASS according to the new IIM subtypes criteria, of which 48.0% (117/244) were IMNM and 32.0% (78/244) were ASS. 66.7%(4/6) of dPM patients were women. One complicated with RA, and one was dPM overlaped with systemic sclerosis. All of them had muscle weakness, mild elevation of CK level [611(391,1 451) U/L], and were myositis-specific autoantibodies negative. Except one dPM patients who did not receive immunoregulatory therapy due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, the others were administrated with low or medium dose prednisone combined with or without immunosuppressive agents. After a median follow-up of (38±26) months, the muscle strength of dPM patients were improved.Conclusion:dPM is a very rare clinical subtype of IIM. PM is an over-diagnosed entity in clinical practice. Patients with dPM have mild symptoms and good outcome.

2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1033-1039, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973800

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the macular microcirculation changes in patients with diabetic retinopathy(DR)by optical coherence tomography angiography(OCTA), and correlate the risk factors that may affect the macular microcirculation, so as to provide a clinical basis for early screening, diagnosis and therapeutic intervention for DR.METHODS: Retrospective study. A total of 75 patients(75 eyes)with type 2 diabetes mellitus(DM)who came to the ophthalmology outpatient clinic and ward of Xi'an Central Hospital from May to October 2022 were collected, and the DM patients were further divided into non-DR(NDR)group, non-proliferative DR(NPDR)group and proliferative DR(PDR)group, with 28 eyes, 25 eyes and 22 eyes in each group respectively. OCTA was applied to perform a 3mm×3mm blood flow imaging scan of the macular retina to automatically obtain the vascular density(VD)of the superficial retinal macular foveal, the parafoveal(1~3mm), as well as the macular 3mm×3mm and the area of macular foveal avascular zone(FAZ). Furthermore, the alteration of these parameters in patients with different degrees of DR was analyzed.RESULTS: Compared with the NDR group, the VD of the 3mm×3mm superficial retinal capillary(SCP)in the macular region was decreased in both PDR and NPDR group(all P<0.017), and the VD of the parafoveal was decreased in each quadrant(P<0.017), with the most significant decrease in the PDR group. The FAZ area of patients in the PDR and NPDR groups was significantly larger than that in the NDR group(P<0.017). Age, homocysteine, best corrected visual acuity(LogMAR), axial length and glycosylated hemoglobin(HbA1c)of patients with DR were negatively correlated with VD in the macular foveal(P<0.05), while homocysteine, best corrected visual acuity(LogMAR), axial length, and the duration of diabetes were negatively correlated with VD in the macular 3mm×3mm(P<0.05). Triglycerides, best corrected visual acuity(LogMAR), and HbA1c were negatively correlated with VD in the parafoveal(P<0.05), while total cholesterol and central macular thickness had no significant correlation with VD(P>0.05).CONCLUSION: The microcirculation changes in the macular area of DR patients can be monitored by OCTA, and the systemic condition of DR patients is closely related to their macular microcirculation.

3.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 123-136, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971616

ABSTRACT

NDFIP1 has been previously reported as a tumor suppressor in multiple solid tumors, but the function of NDFIP1 in NSCLC and the underlying mechanism are still unknown. Besides, the WW domain containing proteins can be recognized by NDFIP1, resulted in the loading of the target proteins into exosomes. However, whether WW domain-containing transcription regulator 1 (WWTR1, also known as TAZ) can be packaged into exosomes by NDFIP1 and if so, whether the release of this oncogenic protein via exosomes has an effect on tumor development has not been investigated to any extent. Here, we first found that NDFIP1 was low expressed in NSCLC samples and cell lines, which is associated with shorter OS. Then, we confirmed the interaction between TAZ and NDFIP1, and the existence of TAZ in exosomes, which requires NDFIP1. Critically, knockout of NDFIP1 led to TAZ accumulation with no change in its mRNA level and degradation rate. And the cellular TAZ level could be altered by exosome secretion. Furthermore, NDFIP1 inhibited proliferation in vitro and in vivo, and silencing TAZ eliminated the increase of proliferation caused by NDFIP1 knockout. Moreover, TAZ was negatively correlated with NDFIP1 in subcutaneous xenograft model and clinical samples, and the serum exosomal TAZ level was lower in NSCLC patients. In summary, our data uncover a new tumor suppressor, NDFIP1 in NSCLC, and a new exosome-related regulatory mechanism of TAZ.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/metabolism , Carrier Proteins/metabolism , Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Exosomes/metabolism , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Transcriptional Coactivator with PDZ-Binding Motif Proteins/metabolism
4.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 631-636, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990230

ABSTRACT

Objective:To clarify the operational definition of ICU cognitive impairment, so as to provide a reference for accurate assessment of ICU cognitive impairment.Methods:ICU cognitive impairment was conceptually analyzed by the conceptual analysis framework in the Construction Strategy of Nursing Theory (Fifth Edition). The studies about cognitive function of critical illness patients in PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, China National Knowledge Internet, Wanfang, Chinese Biomedical Database, and VIP were searched. The search time limit was from the establishment of the database to August 2021. Literature screening and data extraction were performed independently by two researchers.Results:A total of 5 754 articles were obtained, and 48 articles were finally included. Obtained 20 concepts and 9 commonly used assessment tools related to ICU cognitive impairment. Identifying the defining attributes, conceptual causes, and outcomes of ICU cognitive impairment.Conclusions:The operational definition of ICU cognitive impairment is determined, which is conducive to a comprehensive and intuitive understanding of the concept of cognitive impairment in ICU and accurate evaluation of cognitive impairment in ICU.

5.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 974-981, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985622

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the changes in bacterial community structure, antibiotic resistance genome, and pathogen virulence genome in river water before and after the river flowing through Haikou City and their transmission and dispersal patterns and to reveal anthropogenic disturbance's effects on microorganisms and resistance genes in the aquatic environment. Methods: The Nandu River was divided into three study areas: the front, middle and rear sections from the upstream before it flowed through Haikou City to the estuary. Three sampling sites were selected in each area, and six copies of the sample were collected in parallel at each site and mixed for 3 L per sample. Microbial community structure, antibiotic resistance, virulence factors, and mobile genetic elements were analyzed through bioinformatic data obtained by metagenomic sequencing and full-length sequencing of 16S rRNA genes. Variations in the distribution of bacterial communities between samples and correlation of transmission patterns were analyzed by principal co-ordinates analysis, procrustes analysis, and Mantel test. Results: As the river flowed through Haikou City, microbes' alpha diversity gradually decreased. Among them, Proteobacteria dominates in the bacterial community in the front, middle, and rear sections, and the relative abundance of Proteobacteria in the middle and rear sections was higher than that in the front segment. The diversity and abundance of antibiotic resistance genes, virulence factors, and mobile genetic elements were all at low levels in the front section and all increased significantly after flow through Haikou City. At the same time, horizontal transmission mediated by mobile genetic elements played a more significant role in the spread of antibiotic-resistance genes and virulence factors. Conclusions: Urbanization significantly impacts river bacteria and the resistance genes, virulence factors, and mobile genetic elements they carry. The Nandu River in Haikou flows through the city, receiving antibiotic-resistant and pathogen-associated bacteria excreted by the population. In contrast, antibiotic-resistant genes and virulence factors are enriched in bacteria, which indicates a threat to environmental health and public health. Comparison of river microbiomes and antibiotic resistance genomes before and after flow through cities is a valuable early warning indicator for monitoring the spread of antibiotic resistance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rivers , Virulence Factors/genetics , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics , Microbiota/genetics , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Drug Resistance, Microbial/genetics
6.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1063-1067, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985503

ABSTRACT

The green fluorescent reporter gene was inserted into the gene interval of polymyxin resistant mcr-1-carrying plasmid (pSH13G841) by homologous recombination of suicide plasmid. At the same time, E. coli J53 with red fluorescent reporter gene was constructed. Using the ability of spontaneous conjugation of drug resistant plasmid (pSH13G841), pSH13G841-GFP plasmid was transferred into J53 RFP bacteria to construct a double fluorescent labeled donor bacterium. The two light-emitting systems could stably and spontaneously express fluorescence without mutual interference. The dual fluorescence report system constructed can be used for visual tracing horizontal transfer of mcr-1-carrying plasmid, the subsequent model can study the colonization, transfer and prognosis of drug-resistant bacteria/drug-resistant genes mcr-1 by using mouse in vivo imaging technology.

7.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 171-178, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971022

ABSTRACT

Although immunotherapy has revolutionized cancer treatment and achieved remarkable success across many different cancer types, only a subset of patients shows meaningful clinical responses. In particular, advanced prostate cancer exhibits overwhelming de novo resistance to immune checkpoint blockade therapy. This is primarily due to the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment of prostate cancer. Therefore, it is paramount to understand how prostate cancer cell-intrinsic mechanisms promote immune evasion and foster an immunosuppressive microenvironment. Here, we review recent findings that reveal the roles of the genetic alterations, androgen receptor signaling, cancer cell plasticity, and oncogenic pathways in shaping the immunosuppressive microenvironment and thereby driving immunotherapy resistance. Based on preclinical and clinical observations, a variety of therapeutic strategies are being developed that may illuminate new paths to enhance immunotherapy efficacy in prostate cancer.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Prostate/pathology , Immunotherapy , Tumor Microenvironment
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 861-878, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970558

ABSTRACT

Schisandra chinensis, a traditional Chinese medicinal herb, is rich in chemical constituents, including lignans, triterpenes, polysaccharides, and volatile oils. Clinically, it is commonly used to treat cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, liver, gastrointestinal, and respiratory diseases. Modern pharmacological studies have shown that S. chinensis extract and monomers have multiple pharmacological activities in lowering liver fat, alleviating insulin resistance, and resisting oxidative stress, and have good application prospects in alleviating nonalcoholic fatty liver disease(NAFLD). Therefore, this study reviewed the research progress on chemical constituents of S. chinensis and its effect on NAFLD in recent years to provide references for the research on S. chinensis in the treatment of NAFLD.


Subject(s)
Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease , Schisandra , Insulin Resistance , Lignans
9.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 431-436, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970224

ABSTRACT

In recent years, laparoscopic surgery and robotic surgery have been widely used, and various intraoperative image navigation systems have also developed rapidly. However, the liver itself has a complex vessel and duct system, which increase the difficulty of liver surgery. The augmented reality image navigation system combines the three-dimensional reconstructed image of the liver with the real liver anatomy, which presents the specific relationship between the tumor location and the surrounding vessels for the surgeon. Compared with other intraoperative image navigation methods, augmented reality has its unique advantages. This paper provides an overview of current advances in registration technology in augmented reality image navigation system, and focuses on its applications in liver surgery, including laparoscopic surgery and robotic surgery. Finally, the technological problems and difficulties still faced at present are summarized, and future directions worth studying in this field are proposed.

10.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 438-441, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982609

ABSTRACT

Sepsis-associated coagulopathy refers to extensive coagulation activation accompanied by a high risk of bleeding and organ failure. In severe cases, it is manifested as disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and leads to multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). Complement is an important component of the innate immune system and plays an important role in defending against invasion of pathogenic microorganisms. The early pathological process of sepsis involves excessive activation of the complement system, which forms an extremely complex network through interactions with the coagulation, kinin and fibrinolytic system, amplifying and exacerbating the systemic inflammatory response. In recent years, it has been suggested that uncontrolled complement activation system can exacerbate sepsis-associated coagulation dysfunction or even DIC, indicating the potential value of intervening in the complement system in the treatment of septic DIC, and related research progress is reviewed in this article in order to provide new ideas for the discovery of sepsis-associated coagulopathy therapy drugs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Coagulation Disorders , Complement Activation , Blood Coagulation , Multiple Organ Failure , Sepsis
11.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2010-2019, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981334

ABSTRACT

Chronic heart failure(CHF) has become a worldwide public health problem due to its high morbidity and mortality, which seriously endangers people's lifespan and quality of life. In recent years, the treatment strategy of CHF has shifted its emphasis on short-term improvement and transformation of hemodynamics to long-term repair as well as improvement of the biological properties of heart failure. At present, with the continuous deepening of medical research, it has been found that histone acetylation is closely related to the occurrence and development of CHF. Traditional Chinese medicine, via regulating histone acetylation, delays ventricular remodeling, improves energy metabolism, inhibits fibrosis and cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, and intervenes in the development process of heart failure, thus reducing the mortality and the readmission rate and ultimately improving long-term prognosis. Therefore, this study reviewed the mechanism of histone acetylation in the treatment of heart failure as well as its prevention and treatment with traditional Chinese medicine, to provide reference for clinical treatment of CHF.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Histones/therapeutic use , Acetylation , Quality of Life , Heart Failure/prevention & control
12.
JOURNAL OF RARE DISEASES ; (4): 523-528, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004928

ABSTRACT

  Objective  To analyze the clinical characteristics, treatments and prognosis of pachydermoperiostosis (PDP) with synovitis, and to improve clinicians′ understanding of PDP.  Methods  The clinical data of 5 patients diagnosed with PDP in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2010 to June 2015 were retrospectively analyzed.  Results  Among the 5 patients in this study, all were male, with an average age of (24.2±3.8)years old. The main manifestations of PDP were joint swelling and pain and skin thickening. In this study, all 5 patients were treated with medication, including non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, glucocorticoids, and immunosuppressants, and 4 patients were treated with arthroscopic minimally invasive synovectomy. Their symptoms gradually improved and controlled. The last patient′s symptoms of synovitis were mild and significantly relieved after conservative treatment.  Conclusions  The diagnosis of PDP is still challenging. Symptoms can be alleviated, and the progression of the disease can be basically controlled after active drug therapy and surgical mitigation measures.

13.
World Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (4): 23-26, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906675

ABSTRACT

@#BACKGROUND: A national standardized emergency medicine (EM) curriculum for medical students, including specific competencies in procedural skills, are absent in many countries. The development of an intensive simulating training program in EM, based on a tight schedule, is anticipated to enhance the competency of medical students. METHODS: A 3-day intensive EM training program, consisting of four procedural skills and 8-hour case-based learning (CBL), was developed by experienced physicians from the EM department in Peking Union Medical College Hospital (PUMCH). Medical students from Peking Union Medical College (PUMC) and Tsinghua University (THU) participated in the training. Three written tests were cautiously designed to examine the short-term (immediately after the program) and long-term (6 months after the program) efficacy of the training. After completion of the training program, an online personal appraisal questionnaire was distributed to the students on WeChat (a mobile messaging App commonly used in China) to achieve anonymous self-evaluation. RESULTS: Ninety-seven out of 101 students completed the intensive training and took all required tests. There was a significant increase in the average score after the intensive simulating training program (pre-training 13.84 vs. 15.57 post-training, P<0.001). Compared with the pre-training test, 63 (64.9%) students made progress. There was no significant difference in scores between the tests taken immediately after the program and 6 months later (15.57±2.22 vs. 15.38±2.37, P=0.157). Students rated a higher score in all diseases and procedural skills, and felt that their learning was fruitful. CONCLUSIONS: The introduction of a standardized intensive training program in EM focusing on key competencies can improve clinical confidence, knowledge, and skills of medical students toward the specialty. In addition, having such a program can also enhance student’s interest in EM as a career choice which may enhance recruitment into the specialty and workplace planning.

14.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 108-112, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933615

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and safety of comprehensive therapy in the treatment of advanced unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma.Methods:Clinical data of 34 patients with primary liver cancer admitted to Peking Union Medical College Hospital from Nov 2018 to Dec 2020 initially evaluated as unresectable were treated firstly by combined therapy and then underwent reevaluation for further management.Results:A total of 34 patients completed the integrative treatment, and no serious adverse events occurred. Among them, 6 patients were evaluated as partial remission, and underwent successful tumor resection, tumors in 7 patients were stable, and 21 patients suffered from disease progression.Conclusion:After comprehensive therapy, unresectable tumors in some patients could reduce and be rendered resection.

15.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 235-242, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943105

ABSTRACT

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a common degenerative disease of the central nervous system in the elderly, with memory impairment and behavioral changes as the main clinical manifestations. Modern research has demonstrated that many herbs with both medicinal and edible values have anti-oxidation and anti-aging activities. In addition, these herbs are naturally safe and play a role in disease prevention and health care. The 110 medicinal and edible herbs announced by the National Health Commission of the People's Republic ofChina in 2021 were studied. The relevant papers published in the last five years were searched against CNKI, VIP, Wanfang Data, PubMed and other databases. The effects, mechanism, and active ingredients of the medicinal and edible herbs against Alzheimer's disease were summarized. The results showed that more than 30 herbs including Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Curcumae Longae Rhizoma, Astragali Radix, Corni Fructus, Gastrodiae Rhizoma, Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Cistanches Herba, Croci Stigma, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Ganoderma and their active ingredients were effective in the prevention and treatment of Alzheimer's disease. Among them, ten herbs that met the requirements were screened out for analysis. The medicinal and edible herbs and their active ingredients can act on multiple targets and treat Alzheimer's disease via multiple signaling pathways such as nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), mitogen-activated protein kinase 5 (MEK5)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase 5 (ERK5), cytochrome C (CytC) and cysteine aspartate-specific protease (Caspase)-3/(Caspase)-9, Wnt/β-catenin, and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)/tyrosine kinase receptor B (TrkB)/phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt), thus improving learning, cognitive ability, and memory ability. Most of the medicinal and edible herbs have the tropism to the heart, spleen, liver, and kidney meridians and tonifying effect.

16.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 161-166, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940672

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo establish the frozen section method of Ferula ferulaeoides, and to study the histochemical localization of volatile oil and coumarins in different organs of F. ferulaeoides. MethodThe roots, stems, petioles and leaves of F. ferulaeoides were used as materials to investigate the concentration of sucrose protectant, liquid nitrogen flash-freezing time, embedding conditions, section thickness, freezing temperature and time and post-treatment methods, the most suitable section conditions were screened by comparing the integrity, microscopic effect, elongation and clarity of frozen sections. Sudan Ⅳ staining method and fluorescence microscopy were used to locate the volatile oil and coumarins of F. ferulaeoides. ResultThe optimal conditions for frozen sections of the roots, stems, petioles and leaves of F. ferulaeoides were as follows:10%, 15% and 20% gradient sucrose as the protectant for roots, 10%, 20% and 30% gradient sucrose as the protectant for stems and petioles, 20%, 25% and 30% gradient sucrose as the protectant for leaves, glue-water (2∶1) as the embedding agent, quick-freeze in liquid nitrogen for 20 s, warmed up at -25 ℃ for 30 min, sliced at -20 ℃ with the thickness of 25 μm, rinsed with the same concentration of sucrose solution (gradient sucrose solution selected the last concentration), and the slices placed on the ice pack for a period of time and stored at room temperature. Among them, the concentration of sucrose protectant was the most important factor. The results of histochemical localization showed that volatile oil and coumarins in four organs of F. ferulaeoides were mainly distributed in resin canal. ConclusionFrozen section of F. ferulaeoides is established for the first time with high rate of slicing and simplified steps, its volatile oil and coumarins are mainly accumulated in resin canal.

17.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1587-1591, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940029

ABSTRACT

AIM: To gather baseline data on visual acuity by screening students from different stages in the same administrative district of Xi'an, as well as to analyze and investigate disparities in myopia rates among students from different stages in this area.METHODS: A total of 13 707 students from 21 elementary schools, 3 middle schools, 3 general high schools and 1 vocational high school were randomly selected for uncorrected distance visual acuity and computerized refraction testing in 28 schools with a random sampling approach.RESULTS: The detection rate of myopia in elementary, middle, high and vocational high schools in the same region of Xi'an were 32.27%, 72.07%, 81.22% and 65.12%, respectively; The total myopia rate of students was 47.81%; The myopia rate of girls was higher than that of boys in all grades; The myopia rates of elementary and middle schools increased with the growth of grades; The percentage of high myopia increased from 2.40% in elementary schools to 16.51% in high schools with the growth of grades.CONCLUSION: The myopia rate in different stages of the same region is different, and it tends to rise with the gronth of grades; Girls have a higher myopia rate than boys; Compared to the results of the national survey on myopia in different grades of children and adolescents in 2018, the myopia rate in the same region has decreased significantly in 2021 of the elementary school level, although myopia rate of middle school and high school stage do not rise, the decline is not obvious.

18.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 809-816, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939794

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To evaluate the effect of echinacoside (ECH) on cognitive dysfunction in post cerebral stroke model rats.@*METHODS@#The post stroke cognitive impairment rat model was created by occlusion of the transient middle cerebral artery (MCAO). The rats were randomly divided into 3 groups by a random number table: the sham group (sham operation), the MCAO group (received operation for focal cerebral ischemia), and the ECH group (received operation for focal cerebral ischemia and ECH 50 mg/kg per day), with 6 rats in each group. The infarct volume and spatial learning were evaluated by triphenyl tetrazolium chloride staining and Morris water maze. The expression of α7nAChR in the hippocampus was detected by immunohistochemistry. The contents of acetylcholine (ACh), malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), activities of choline acetyltransferase (ChAT), acetylcholinesterase (AChE), and catalase (CAT) were evaluated by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. The neural apoptosis and autophagy were determined by TUNEL staining and LC3 staining, respectively.@*RESULTS@#ECH significantly lessened the brain infarct volume and ameliorated neurological deficit in infarct volume and water content (both P<0.01). Compared with MCAO rats, administration of ECH revealed shorter escape latency and long retention time at 7, 14 and 28 days (all P<0.01), increased the α7nAChR protein expression, ACh content, and ChAT activity, and decreased AChE activity in MCAO rats (all P<0.01). ECH significantly decreased MDA content and increased the GSH content, SOD, and CAT activities compared with MCAO rats (all P<0.05). ECH suppressed neuronal apoptosis by reducing TUNEL-positive cells and also enhanced autophagy in MCAO rats (all P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#ECH treatment helped improve cognitive impairment by attenuating neurological damage and enhancing autophagy in MCAO rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Acetylcholinesterase , Autophagy , Brain Ischemia/metabolism , Cerebral Infarction , Cognitive Dysfunction/drug therapy , Glutathione/metabolism , Glycosides , Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery/drug therapy , Neuroprotective Agents/therapeutic use , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reperfusion Injury/drug therapy , Stroke/drug therapy , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism , alpha7 Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor
19.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2380-2383, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904952

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of optical trocar insertion technique in establishing pneumoperitoneum in patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery after previous abdominal surgery. Methods A total of 29 patients, with a history of abdominal surgery, who planned to undergo laparoscopic liver surgery were enrolled and randomly divided into optical trocar insertion group and open approach group. The independent samples t -test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between groups; the Fisher's exact test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups; the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of ranked data between groups. Results There were no procedure-related complications in either group. Compared with the open approach group, the optical trocar insertion group had a significantly shorter time required to establish pneumoperitoneum [35.00 (21.00-46.00) seconds vs 180.00 (152.50-252.50) seconds, U =0, P < 0.001] and a significantly smaller incision length [1.10(1.00-1.20) cm vs 2.80(2.45-3.00) cm, U =0, P < 0.001]. Conclusion Both optical trocar insertion and open approach for establishing pneumoperitoneum is relatively safe in patients undergoing laparoscopic liver surgery after previous abdominal surgery, while optical trocar insertion has the advantages of high efficiency and minimal invasiveness in establishing pneumoperitoneum.

20.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2380-2383, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904902

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of optical trocar insertion technique in establishing pneumoperitoneum in patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery after previous abdominal surgery. Methods A total of 29 patients, with a history of abdominal surgery, who planned to undergo laparoscopic liver surgery were enrolled and randomly divided into optical trocar insertion group and open approach group. The independent samples t -test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between groups; the Fisher's exact test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups; the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of ranked data between groups. Results There were no procedure-related complications in either group. Compared with the open approach group, the optical trocar insertion group had a significantly shorter time required to establish pneumoperitoneum [35.00 (21.00-46.00) seconds vs 180.00 (152.50-252.50) seconds, U =0, P < 0.001] and a significantly smaller incision length [1.10(1.00-1.20) cm vs 2.80(2.45-3.00) cm, U =0, P < 0.001]. Conclusion Both optical trocar insertion and open approach for establishing pneumoperitoneum is relatively safe in patients undergoing laparoscopic liver surgery after previous abdominal surgery, while optical trocar insertion has the advantages of high efficiency and minimal invasiveness in establishing pneumoperitoneum.

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