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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 243-252, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005444

ABSTRACT

Platycodonis Radix is the dry root of Platycodon grandiflorum of Campanulaceae, which has a variety of pharmacological effects and is a commonly used bulk Chinese medicine. In this study, the chloroplast genome sequences of six P. grandiflorum from different producing areas has been sequenced with Illumina HiSeq X Ten platform. The specific DNA barcodes were screened, and the germplasm resources and genetic diversity were analyzed according to the specific barcodes. The total length of the chloroplast genome of 6 P. grandiflorum samples was 172 260-172 275 bp, and all chloroplast genomes showed a typical circular tetrad structure and encoded 141 genes. The comparative genomics analysis and results of amplification efficiency demonstrated that trnG-UCC and ndhG_ndhF were the potential specific DNA barcodes for identification the germplasm resources of P. grandiflorum. A total of 305 P. grandiflorum samples were collected from 15 production areas in 9 provinces, for which the fragments of trnG-UCC and ndhG_ndhF were amplificated and the sequences were analyzed. The results showed that trnG-UCC and ndhG_ndhF have 5 and 11 mutation sites, respectively, and 5 and 7 haplotypes were identified, respectively. The combined analysis of the two sequences formed 13 haplotypes (named Hap1-Hap13), and Hap4 is the main genotype, followed by Hap1. The unique haplotypes possessed by the three producing areas can be used as DNA molecular tags in this area to distinguish from the germplasm resources of P. grandiflorum from other areas. The haplotype diversity, nucleotide diversity and genetic distance were 0.94, 4.79×10-3 and 0.000 0-0.020 3, respectively, suggesting that the genetic diversity was abundant and intraspecific kinship was relatively close. This study laid a foundation for the identification of P. grandiflorum, the protection and utilization of germplasm resources, and molecular breeding.

2.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 627-633, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984759

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the incidence of radiation-related toxicities between conventional and hypofractionated intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) for limited-stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC), and to explore the risk factors of hypofractionated radiotherapy-induced toxicities. Methods: Data were retrospectively collected from consecutive limited-stage SCLC patients treated with definitive concurrent chemoradiotherapy in Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from March 2016 to April 2022. The enrolled patients were divided into two groups according to radiation fractionated regimens. Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE, version 5.0) was used to evaluate the grade of radiation esophagus injuries and lung injuries. Logistic regression analyses were used to identify factors associated with radiation-related toxicities in the hypofractionated radiotherapy group. Results: Among 211 enrolled patients, 108 cases underwent conventional IMRT and 103 patients received hypofractionated IMRT. The cumulative incidences of acute esophagitis grade ≥2 [38.9% (42/108) vs 35.0% (36/103), P=0.895] and grade ≥ 3 [1.9% (2/108) vs 5.8% (6/103), P=0.132] were similar between conventional and hypofractionated IMRT group. Late esophagus injuries grade ≥2 occurred in one patient in either group. No differences in the cumulative incidence of acute pneumonitis grade ≥2[12.0% (13/108) vs 5.8% (6/103), P=0.172] and late lung injuries grade ≥2[5.6% (6/108) vs 10.7% (11/103), P=0.277] were observed. There was no grade ≥3 lung injuries occurred in either group. Using multiple regression analysis, mean esophageal dose ≥13 Gy (OR=3.33, 95% CI: 1.23-9.01, P=0.018) and the overlapping volume between planning target volume (PTV) and esophageal ≥8 cm(3)(OR=3.99, 95% CI: 1.24-12.79, P=0.020) were identified as the independent risk factors associated with acute esophagitis grade ≥2 in the hypofractionated radiotherapy group. Acute pneumonitis grade ≥2 was correlated with presence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD, P=0.025). Late lung injuries grade ≥2 was correlated with tumor location(P=0.036). Conclusions: Hypofractionated IMRT are tolerated with manageable toxicities for limited-stage SCLC patients treated with IMRT. Mean esophageal dose and the overlapping volume between PTV and esophageal are independently predictive factors of acute esophagitis grade ≥2, and COPD and tumor location are valuable factors of lung injuries for limited-stage SCLC patients receiving hyofractionated radiotherapy. Prospective studies are needed to confirm these results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated/methods , Retrospective Studies , Lung Injury , Radiotherapy Dosage , Radiation Injuries/epidemiology , Esophagitis/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/complications
3.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 514-518, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984751

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the oncologic and surgical safety of the fused fascia method for immediate breast reconstruction with implants. Methods: The clinical data of 343 patients with immediate breast reconstruction with implants in Tianjin Medical University Cancer Hospital from 2014-2017 were retrospectively analyzed to compare the 5-year local recurrence-free survival, 5-year disease-free survival and 5-year overall survival of patients with breast reconstruction by fusion fascia and other methods, and to analyze the complication incidences of implant removal between different implant groups. Results: Of the 343 patients with breast reconstruction, 95 were in the fused fascia group (fascia group) and 248 were in the non-fascia group (25 in the bovine pericardial patch group and 223 in the muscle flap group). At a median follow-up of 49 months, the differences in 5-year local recurrence-free survival (90.1% and 94.9%, respectively), 5-year disease-free survival (89.2% and 87.6%, respectively), and 5-year overall survival (95.2% and 95.1%, respectively) between patients in the fascial and non-fascial groups were not statistically significant (P>0.05). The complication incidence of implant removal was 24.0% (6/25) in the patch group and 2.1% (2/95) and 2.2% (5/223) in the fascia and muscle flap groups, respectively. Conclusion: Immediate breast reconstruction with fused fascial combined with implant is safe and feasible, less invasive than muscle flaps, more economical and with fewer complications than patches.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Cattle , Female , Mastectomy/methods , Retrospective Studies , Breast Implants/adverse effects , Feasibility Studies , Mammaplasty/methods , Breast Neoplasms/complications , Treatment Outcome , Postoperative Complications/surgery
4.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 619-625, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984694

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the value of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) in the risk stratification of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Methods: HCM patients who underwent CMR examination in Fuwai Hospital between March 2012 and May 2013 were retrospectively enrolled. Baseline clinical and CMR data were collected and patient follow-up was performed using telephone contact and medical record. The primary composite endpoint was sudden cardiac death (SCD) or and equivalent event. The secondary composite endpoint was all-cause death and heart transplant. Patients were divided into SCD and non-SCD groups. Cox regression was used to explore risk factors of adverse events. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to assess the performance and the optimal cut-off of late gadolinium enhancement percentage (LGE%) for the prediction of endpoints. Kaplan-Meier and log-rank tests were used to compare survival differences between groups. Results: A total of 442 patients were enrolled. Mean age was (48.5±12.4) years and 143(32.4%) were female. At (7.6±2.5) years of follow-up, 30 (6.8%) patients met the primary endpoint including 23 SCD and 7 SCD equivalent events, and 36 (8.1%) patients met the secondary endpoint including 33 all-cause death and 3 heart transplant. In multivariate Cox regression, syncope(HR=4.531, 95%CI 2.033-10.099, P<0.001), LGE% (HR=1.075, 95%CI 1.032-1.120, P=0.001) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (HR=0.956, 95%CI 0.923-0.991, P=0.013) were independent risk factors for primary endpoint; Age (HR=1.032, 95%CI 1.001-1.064, P=0.046), atrial fibrillation (HR=2.977, 95%CI 1.446-6.131, P=0.003),LGE% (HR=1.075, 95%CI 1.035-1.116, P<0.001) and LVEF (HR=0.968, 95%CI 0.937-1.000, P=0.047) were independent risk factors for secondary endpoint. ROC curve showed the optimal LGE% cut-offs were 5.1% and 5.8% for the prediction of primary and secondary endpoint, respectively. Patients were further divided into LGE%=0, 0<LGE%<5%, 5%≤LGE%<15% and LGE%≥15% groups. There were significant survival differences between these 4 groups whether for primary endpoint or secondary endpoint (all P<0.001) and the accumulated incidence of primary endpoint was 1.2% (2/161), 2.2% (2/89), 10.5% (16/152) and 25.0% (10/40), respectively. Conclusion: LGE is an independent risk factor for SCD events as well as all-cause death and heart transplant. LGE is of important value in the risk stratification in patients with HCM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Male , Contrast Media , Retrospective Studies , Stroke Volume , Gadolinium , Ventricular Function, Left , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/diagnostic imaging , Death, Sudden, Cardiac , Risk Assessment
5.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 380-387, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984633

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the current status of diagnosis and treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) /small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) among hematologists, oncologists, and lymphoma physicians from hospitals of different levels in China. Methods: This multicenter questionnaire survey was conducted from March 2021 to July 2021 and included 1,000 eligible physicians. A combination of face-to-face interviews and online questionnaire surveys was used. A standardized questionnaire regarding the composition of patients treated for CLL/SLL, disease diagnosis and prognosis evaluation, concomitant diseases, organ function evaluation, treatment selection, and Bruton tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor was used. Results: ①The interviewed physicians stated that the proportion of male patients treated for CLL/SLL is higher than that of females, and the age is mainly concentrated in 61-70 years old. ②Most of the interviewed physicians conducted tests, such as bone marrow biopsies and immunohistochemistry, for patient diagnosis, in addition to the blood test. ③Only 13.7% of the interviewed physicians fully grasped the initial treatment indications recommended by the existing guidelines. ④In terms of cognition of high-risk prognostic factors, physicians' knowledge of unmutated immunoglobulin heavy-chain variable and 11q- is far inferior to that of TP53 mutation and complex karyotype, which are two high-risk prognostic factors, and only 17.1% of the interviewed physicians fully mastered CLL International Prognostic Index scoring system. ⑤Among the first-line treatment strategy, BTK inhibitors are used for different types of patients, and physicians have formed a certain understanding that BTK inhibitors should be preferentially used in patients with high-risk factors and elderly patients, but the actual use of BTK inhibitors in different types of patients is not high (31.6%-46.0%). ⑥BTK inhibitors at a reduced dose in actual clinical treatment were used by 69.0% of the physicians, and 66.8% of the physicians had interrupted the BTK inhibitor for >12 days in actual clinical treatment. The use of BTK inhibitors is reduced or interrupted mainly because of adverse reactions, such as atrial fibrillation, severe bone marrow suppression, hemorrhage, and pulmonary infection, as well as patients' payment capacity and effective disease progression control. ⑦Some differences were found in the perceptions and behaviors of hematologists and oncologists regarding the prognostic assessment of CLL/SLL, the choice of treatment options, the clinical use of BTK inhibitors, etc. Conclusion: At present, a gap remains between the diagnosis and treatment of CLL/SLL among Chinese physicians compared with the recommendations in the guidelines regarding the diagnostic criteria, treatment indications, prognosis assessment, accompanying disease assessment, treatment strategy selection, and rational BTK inhibitor use, especially the proportion of dose reduction or BTK inhibitor discontinuation due to high adverse events.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Aged , Middle Aged , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/drug therapy , Prognosis , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Immunohistochemistry , Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains/therapeutic use
6.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 794-799, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984573

ABSTRACT

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a type of breast cancer that is difficult to treat, has a poor prognosis, and is prone to recurrence and metastasis in the early postoperative period. The age of patients is tending younger, and the racial difference is large. It is also related to family history, and genetic susceptibility is obvious. So, elucidating the genetic risk factors of TNBC and obtaining precise therapeutic targets are urgent tasks. Obtaining reliable characteristic genes and their polymorphisms between TNBC of different subtypes is difficult. This review summarizes the susceptibility genes and the polymorphisms of TNBC susceptibility genes of different molecular subtypes, in order to develop effective TNBC prevention strategies and find effective therapeutic targets. This review provides a theoretical basis for promoting the study of TNBC from the perspective of genetics.

7.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 1833-1836, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984538

ABSTRACT

Neurogenic orthostatic hypotension (nOH) is a common neurodegenerative disease, and is usually differentiated as kidney-yang depletion syndrome in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Fire needling on governor vessel (督脉) acupoints as well as Shenshu (BL 23) and Zhishi (BL 52) can dredge the qi and blood of governor vessel, so as to warm yang and unblock the channels, supplement essence and boost marrow. A case of elderly nOH treated by fire needling mainly at governor vessel points, Shenshu (BL 23) and Zhishi (BL 52) was reported. After nearly two months of treatment, the patient's orthostatic blood pressure difference and yang deficiency-related symptoms were significantly improved, and the results of blood pressure monitoring, TCM syndrome scale evaluation and Shenshu (BL 23) area infrared imager detection all showed definite clinical effect.

8.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 117-122, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992814

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the level of arterial stiffness and its influencing factors in prediabetic population.Methods:From June 2021 to June 2022, 207 prediabetes patients were prospectively and randomly recruited from the physical examination center and outpatient clinic of Tangdu Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University to be the prediabetic group and 130 healthy volunteers at the same time with the same gender and age as the healthy controls. The carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV), brachial-radial PWV, and femoral-ankle PWV were measured by an automatic ultrasonic arterial stiffness measurement technology. The common carotid artery wall intima-media thickness (IMT) and left heart function were routinely evaluated. A questionnaire was designed to investigate the subjects′ smoking, drinking, diet, staying up late, exercise and other living habits. Comparison between groups and multivariate linear regression analysis were used to analyze the relevant data.Results:The carotid-femoral PWV and common carotid artery wall IMT in prediabetic group were significantly higher than those in healthy controls [(7.10±2.00)m/s vs (6.26±1.14)m/s, (0.57±0.11)mm vs (0.51±0.08)mm; both P<0.001], but there were no significant differences in the brachial-radial PWV and femoral-ankle PWV between the two groups (both P>0.05). Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that prediabetes was an independent influencing factor in carotid-femoral PWV after adjusting for confounding factors ( P<0.001), in addition, age ( P<0.001), diastolic blood pressure ( P<0.001), staying up late ( P=0.011) and low density lipoprotein cholesterol ( P=0.022) were also the independent influencing factors of carotid-femoral PWV. Conclusions:Compared with healthy people, the stiffness of aorta is significantly increased in prediabetic people, but there is no significant change in the stiffness of peripheral arteries. Prediabetes, age, diastolic blood pressure, staying up late and low density lipoprotein cholesterol are independent influencing factors of carotid-femoral PWV.

9.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 328-334, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992715

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) through the transverse process-pedicle approach (TPPA) by comparing with PKP through the conventional transpedicle approach (CTA).Methods:A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the data of 101 patients with single-segment osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF) who had been treated at Department of Spine Surgery, The Fourth Hospital of Wuhan from August 2020 to August 2021. There were 31 males and 70 females, with an age of (70.3±7.6) years. Their T values of bone mineral density averaged (-3.0±0.3). They were divided into a TPPA group of 52 cases in which PKP was performed through the TPPA and a CTA group of 49 cases in which PKP was performed through the CTA. The clinical efficacy was evaluated by comparing the 2 groups in terms of operation time, frequency of intraoperative fluoroscopy, excellent to good rate of bone cement distribution, rate of bone cement leakage, refractures, and visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI) and Beck index at preoperation, 24 hours, 3 months and 6 months postoperation.Results:There was no significant difference in the preoperative general data between the 2 groups, showing they were comparable ( P>0.05). All the patients were followed up for (9.8±1.5) months. Operations were completed successfully in all patients with no complications like nerve injury or pedicle fracture. There were no significant differences in operation time, frequency of intraoperative fluoroscopy or rate of bone cement leakage between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). In the TPPA group, the excellent to good rate of bone cement distribution [92.3% (48/52)] was significantly higher than that in the CTA group [61.2% (30/49)], the VAS score [3.0 (2.0, 4.0)] and ODI (57.2±4.6) at 24 hours postoperation were significantly lower than those in the CTA group [4.0 (3.0, 4.0) and 59.2±5.3] ( P<0.05). There were no significant differences in VAS or ODI between the 2 groups at preoperation, 3 months or 6 months postoperation ( P>0.05). The VAS and ODI improved steadily within each group, showing significant differences between every 2 time points ( P<0.05). The Beck indexes [0.81 (0.69, 0.86) and 0.76 (0.67, 0.81)] at 24 hours and 6 months postoperation in the TPPA group were significantly higher than those in the CTA group [0.75 (0.71, 0.79) and 0.72 (0.68, 0.77)] ( P<0.05). The Beck indexes at 24 hours and 6 months postoperation improved significantly in all patients compared with the preoperative values ( P<0.05). Conclusions:In the treatment of OVCF with PKP, the TPPA shows the same surgical safety as CTA does, but leads to better cement distribution, better pain relief at immediate postoperation and an advantage in restoring and maintaining the height of the injured vertebral body.

10.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1118-1120,F3, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992427

ABSTRACT

Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a rapidly developing and serious Degenerative disease of the nervous system. It is characterized by different combinations of prominent autonomic dysfunction, Parkinson′s syndrome and cerebellar Ataxia in clinical practice, and its core symptom is extensive and serious autonomic dysfunction in the early stage of the disease. Non motor symptoms of MSA involve nervous system, cardiovascular system, gastrointestinal system, Genitourinary system and many other fields. Early clinical heterogeneity is large. This article describes the non motor symptoms of MSA, including prodromal symptoms, to help clinicians identify MSA earlier.

11.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 238-244, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992082

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the differences in clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes between patients with type A and type B alcohol dependence, and to find the independent risk factors of relapse.Methods:Alcohol-dependent male patients attending the Addiction Medicine Center of Beijing Huilongguan Hospital from January 2018 to December 2020 were selected for the study and divided into type A alcohol-dependent group ( n=77) and type B alcohol-dependent group ( n=87). All patients were given acute detoxification treatment and were followed up after treatment on relapse to drinking. Differences in demographic and clinical data were compared between the two groups, and differences in treatment outcomes between the two groups at different time points over 3 months were compared. Patients were divided into relapse group and non-relapse group according to whether they drank again after 3 months. Logistic regression model was established to screen the risk factors of relapse of alcohol-dependent patients by SPSS 25.0 software. Results:There was no significant difference between the two types of patients in years of education, marital status, smoking status and working status(all P>0.05), but the proportion of co-residents( χ2=5.69, P=0.017) and the proportion of positive family history of alcoholism were significant difference between the two type of patients( χ2=13.32, P<0.001). There were statistically significant differences between the two types of patients in the onset time( t=-7.28, P<0.001), the first drinking age( t=-2.36, P=0.020), the proportion of drinking in the morning( χ2=7.83, P=0.005), psychotic symptoms( χ2=4.31, P=0.038), convulsions after withdrawal( χ2=5.30, P=0.021), and alcohol use disorder identification test(AUDIT) score( t=4.30, P<0.001). At the 4th and 8th weekend of the follow-up, there were statistically significant differences in drinking frequency(0(0, 3), 0(0, 0), Z=-4.13, P<0.001; 3(0, 3), 0(0, 3), Z=-4.42, P<0.001) and relapse rate (40(45.98%), 9(11.69%), χ2=22.92, P<0.001; 61(70.11%), 24(31.17%), χ2=24.82, P<0.001) between the two types of alcohol dependence patients after drinking again. After 12-week follow-up, there were statistically significant differences between the two types of alcohol-dependent patients in the interval of first drinking(20(7, 30)d, 88(38, 90)d, Z=-7.83, P<0.001), the cumulative duration of abstinence(4(0, 8)weeks, 12(4, 12)weeks, Z=-5.13, P<0.001), the cumulative rate of abstinence(71(81.60%), 25(32.47%), χ2=40.62, P<0.001), the frequency of drinking after abstinence(3(3, 3), 0(0, 3), Z=-5.54, P<0.001), and the reduction of daily average alcohol consumption( t=3.36, P<0.001). Logistic regression model showed that type B alcohol dependence ( OR=3.121, P=0.03, 95% CI: 1.12-8.72) and AUDIT score ( OR=1.498, P<0.01, 95% CI: 1.29-1.74) were the risk factors for relapse of alcohol-dependent patients. Conclusions:Patients with type A and type B alcohol dependence have obvious differences in clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes, and type B alcohol dependence is independent risk factor for relapse to drinking in alcohol-dependent patients, which validate the rationality and necessity of alcohol dependence subtypes.

12.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 190-195, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991603

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the distribution and molecular characteristics of Yersinia isolated from diarrhea patients in Jiangsu Province. Methods:From 2017 to 2021, the stool samples of diarrhea patients were collected in Tongshan District of Xuzhou City and Dongtai City of Yancheng City, Jiangsu Province, where the national active monitoring sites of Yersinia enterocolitica, then Yersinia was isolated; meanwhile, suspected Yersinia strains were collected from sentinel hospitals in the province. The DNA of isolated strains was extracted for whole genome resequencing, and the data were uploaded to the EnteroBase database for Yersinia species identification; the original data were cleaned and processed for 16S ribosomal RNA (16S rRNA) gene polymorphism analysis. Five virulence genes (ail, ystA, ystB, yadA, virF) were scanned through the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) and Pathogen Virulence Factor Database (VFDB), and K-mer Tree was constructed and genomic characteristics were analyzed. Results:From 2017 to 2021, a total of 2 058 stool samples from diarrhea patients were collected, and 57 strains of Yersinia were isolated and identified; meanwhile, two Yersinia strains were collected from the sentinel hospital. Compared with EnteroBase database, 51 strains were identified as Yersinia enterocolitica, 4 strains as Yersinia proxima, 1 strain each as Yersinia aleksiciae, Yersinia massiliensis, Yersinia intermedia and Yersinia canariae. The 16S rRNA gene polymorphism analysis showed that all strains were clustered into 3 groups, which could distinguish Yersinia enterocolitica from other Yersinia. Among the 51 strains of Yersinia enterocolitica, 49 strains were virulence genotype Ⅲ(ail-, ystA-, ystB+, yadA-, virF-), two strains were virulence genotype Ⅱ(ail+, ystA+, ystB-, yadA-, virF-); and 8 other Yersinia strains were virulence genotype Ⅳ (ail-, ystA-, ystB-, yadA-, virF-). K-mer analysis could distinguish Yersinia enterocolitica from other Yersinia, JS-XZ-2020001 strain was far away from other Yersinia enterocolitica isolates, and serotype O8 strains were more concentrated. Conclusions:The clinical isolates of Yersinia enterocolitica from diarrhea patients are mainly Yersinia and other Yersinia co-exist in a small amount in Jiangsu Province, two new Yersinia species ( Yersinia proxima and Yersinia canariae) are discovered. The virulence genotype of Yersinia enterocolitica is mainly type Ⅲ. The 16S rRNA gene polymorphism analysis and K-mer analysis can effectively distinguish Yersinia enterocolitica from other Yersinia.

13.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 95-98, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991260

ABSTRACT

In the new or variant acute respiratory infectious diseases, as a result of the not fully discovered ways to control the infection as well as the not fully defined pathogenicity of pathogens, there is still a greater risk of infection for the laboratory front-line staff who are in close contact with pathogen samples. Therefore, the psychological status, biological safety, and work quality of the interns in the laboratory are also main concerns of the teaching hospitals in the epidemic prevention and control work. In view of the problems exposed in the epidemic situation of viral respiratory infectious diseases, this paper analyzes the influence of the whole process of the test on the test results and carries out the process control, aiming at enhancing the interns' ability to resist pressure, improving the students' awareness of biological safety, promoting the interns' comprehensive analysis ability and the formation of clinical critical thinking, and providing reference for the training qualified medical laboratory professionals.

14.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 851-855, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005972

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the clinical value of transrectal contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in the diagnosis of prostate cancer in different total prostate specific antigen (tPSA) intervals. 【Methods】 According to serum tPSA levels, 96 patients meeting the inclusion criteria were divided into 3 groups:4-10 ng/mL, >10-20 ng/mL and >20 ng/mL groups. All patients underwent transrectal CEUS. With pathological results as reference, the diagnostic value of transrectal CEUS in different tPSA intervals was evaluated. 【Results】 Of the 96 cases, 62 were confirmed by pathology as prostate cancer and 34 as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). The main perfusion characteristics of prostate cancer under CEUS were rapid enhancement (64.52%), rapid clearance (70.97%), uneven enhancement (83.87%) and high enhancement (61.29%);the main characteristics of BPH were non-rapid enhancement (70.59%), non-rapid clearance (73.53%), uniform enhancement (76.47%) and non-high enhancement (52.94%). There were significant differences in terms of enhancement speed, clearance speed and enhancement uniformity between prostate cancer and BPH (P<0.05), but no significant difference in the enhancement intensity. The sensitivity of transrectal CEUS in the diagnosis of prostate cancer in low, medium and high tPSA groups were 58.33%, 70.37% and 95.65%, the specificity were 83.33%, 76.92% and 66.67%, and the accuracy were 73.33%, 72.50% and 92.31%, respectively. Transrectal CEUS showed consistency at different serum tPSA levels for the diagnosis of prostate cancer, with statistical significance. Moreover, in the 4.0 ng/mL ≤tPSA<10.0 ng/mL group, the diagnostic specificity was the highest. 【Conclusion】 Transrectal CEUS is helpful in the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant prostatic lesions, especially for patients with different serum tPSA levels.

15.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 263-270, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005754

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the influencing factors of surgically induced astigmatism (SIA) in phacoemulsification. 【Methods】 Cataract phacoemulsification was performed in 69 patients with regular corneal astigmatism from December 2021 to March 2022. SIA of the anterior corneal surface, posterior corneal surface and simulated keratometry (SimK) in the diameter range of 3 mm, 5 mm and 7 mm centered at the apex of the cornea was observed. Pearson correlation analysis was used to analyze SIA with age, axial length (AL), anterior chamber depth (ACD), white-to-white (WTW), and central corneal thickness (CCT). Multiple linear regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of SIA. 【Results】 The mean age of the 69 patients was (63.25±14.74) years old, and 28 (40.58%) were male. The analysis found that the |SIA| of SimK was negatively correlated with WTW (r=-0.265, P=0.028), the |SIA| of 3 mm, 5 mm, 7 mm anterior surface was negatively correlated with WTW (r=-0.320, P=0.007; r=-0.337, P=0.005; r=-0.287, P=0.017), and the |SIA| of 3 mm, 5 mm, 7 mm posterior surface was negatively correlated with AL (r=-0.390, P=0.001; r=-0.352, P=0.003; r=-0.317, P=0.008). Multiple regression analysis showed that WTW was negatively correlated with |SIA| of SimK, 3 mm, 5 mm, 7 mm anterior surface and 3 mm posterior surface (B=-0.261, P=0.047; B=-0.387, P=0.016; B=-0.323, P=0.009; B=-0.297, P=0.041; B=-0.085, P=0.049). WTW was positively correlated with XSIA of 3 mm anterior surface, YSIA of 5 mm, and 7 mm anterior surface (B=0.347, P=0.040; B=0.318, P=0.034; B=0.403, P=0.010). AL was negatively correlated with |SIA| on the posterior surface of 3 mm and 5 mm (B=-0.023, P=0.021; B=-0.034, P=0.030). 【Conclusion】 During cataract surgery, the effect of ocular biological parameters such as axial length and corneal diameter on SIA should be considered.

16.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 443-448, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005728

ABSTRACT

【Objective:】 To analyze the emotional status and follow-up status of the participants in the drug clinical trials in a hospital during the epidemic prevention and control, with a view to maximizing the protection of participants’ rights and interests under special circumstances. 【Methods:】 The general information, depression screening scale (PHQ-9), anxiety screening scale (GAD-7) and subject compliance assessment scale were completed online by participants with gold data questionnaire. At the same time, the status of drug clinical trials under study and the follow-up status of participants under study were collected from November 1, 2021 to December 8, 2021 and from December 9, 2021 to January 24, 2022. Excel software and SPSS18.0 software were used for data statistics and analysis. 【Results:】 During the epidemic prevention and control, there were 20 drug clinical trial projects under way in the hospital. From December 9, 2021 to January 24, 2022, the planned number of visits was 161, and the actual number of visits to the hospital was 84 (52.2%). Plus 24 participants who mailed drugs, the overall visit rate was 67.1%, among which the visit rates of oral drugs, non-oral drugs, and oral drugs combined with non-oral drugs were 79.3%, 71.9%, and 41.0% respectively. From November 1, 2021 to December 8, 2021, the planned number of visits was 166, the actual number of visits to the hospital was 157 (94.6%), and the number of telephone visits accounted for 1.8% of the total planned number of visits. The number of participants who did not take the drug and those who delayed taking the drug were both 0. The total compliance of participants was as high as 80.0%. A total of 40 valid questionnaires were retrieved, and the detection rates of depression and anxiety were 42.5% and 30.0% respectively. 【Conclusion:】 The epidemic prevention and control has a large short-term impact on the follow-up of the participants under study. The formulation of relevant follow-up measures and the conduction of classification management can not only improve the emotions of the participants to a certain extent, but also protect the rights and interests of participants, providing suggestions for the follow-up of participants under emergencies in the future.

17.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 842-846, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004756

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To systematically evaluate the effect of applied muscle tension (AMT) exercises on reducing vasovagal reactions(VVRs) among blood donors by meta-analysis. 【Methods】 Nine related databases including MEDLINE, Web of Science and CINAHL were searched using "applied muscle tension" and "vasovagal reactions" as keywords to collect clinical studies on the effects of AMT exercise on VVRs during blood donation. Two researchers independently screened, evaluated the quality and extracted data from the retrieved literature according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. RevMan 5.4 was used to conduct meta-analysis on the extracted data. 【Results】 A total of 7 articles were finally included, 5 in English and 2 in Chinese, covering 6 808 blood donors. The experimental group performed AMT during blood donation, while the control group did not. Compared with the control group, the difference in reducing the incidence of VVRs [ RR = 0.60, 95%CI (0.42, 0.87), P<0.01] was statistically significant in the AMT group. 【Conclusion】 AMT can effectively reduce the incidence of VVRs during blood donation. However, due to the limitation in the included studies, high-quality studies with perspectiveness, multicenter, large-sample size are further needed for validation in the future.

18.
Asian Nursing Research ; : 53-60, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999554

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Ankle pump exercises (APE) have been widely used in clinical practice. However, best practices for APE have not been established. Recognize the most effective frequency of APE for improving lower extremity hemodynamics and establish recommendations in clinical practice. @*Methods@#Therefore, a systematic review and network meta-analysis (NMA) was performed according to PRISMA-NMA. Six English databases (Pubmed, Medline, CINAHL, Embase, the Cochrane library and ProQuest) and four Chinese databases (CNKI, Wanfang, VIP and Sinomed) were searched. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi-experimental studies investigating the effects of different frequencies of APE on lower limb hemodynamics published before July 2022 were included. The reference list was also searched. Seven studies (one RCTs and six quasi-experimental studies) were included in the systematic review and five studies (one RCTs and four quasi-experimental studies) were included in the NMA. The risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane and Joanna Briggs Institute tools. The NMA was performed using the R software (version 4.2.1) and OpenBUGS (version 3.2.3). @*Results@#The results of the NMA showed that a frequency of every 3–4 s the most effective in improving lower extremity hemodynamics (P =.85), followed by every 1–2 s (P = .81), every 5–6 s (P=.32) and less than every 10 s (P =.02). Subgroup analysis failed to find a difference between healthy participants and those with unilateral total hip arthroplasty or fracture (MD = −0.23, 95% CI-5.92 to 4.61). @*Conclusions@#Consequencely, for adult patients, with or without lower extremity disease, a frequency of every 3–4 s can be recommended as the optimal frequency of APE in clinical care practice.Registered number on PROSPEROCRD42022349365. https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO/display_record.php?RecordID=349365.

19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2601-2609, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999010

ABSTRACT

Phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) is an important member of the phosphodiesterase enzyme family that specifically catalyzes the hydrolysis of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), activates the downstream phosphorylation cascade pathway by altering cAMP concentration, and is strongly associated with multiple diseases. Inhibition of PDE4 is clinically investigated as a therapeutic strategy in a broad range of disease areas, including respiratory system diseases, autoimmune disorders, central nervous system diseases, and dermatological conditions. However, the incidence of adverse reactions such as nausea and vomiting is relatively high in the marketed PDE4 inhibitors, which has stalled their clinical development. In this review, we provide an overview of the clinical progression and safety issues of the marketed PDE4 inhibitors. We also review the main causes underlying PDE4-mediated adverse effects by combining the structural analysis of the PDE4 protein, the mechanism of action of PDE4 inhibitors, and the related side effect mechanism research, aiming to provide a reference for the development of safe and effective PDE4 inhibitors.

20.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1035-1039, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998227

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore psychological and behavioral characteristics of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) using Psycho-educational Profile (Third Edition) (PEP3). MethodsFrom October, 2021 to October, 2022, 192 children with ASD without intervention in the Binzhou Medical University Hospital were selected as observation group, and 96 healthy children who visited at the same time were selected as control group. They were assessed with PEP3. ResultsThe development of receptive language significantly delayed behind expressive language (t = 5.383, P < 0.001) in the observation group. The cognitive, expressive language, receptive language, fine motor, gross motor, imitation and personal self-care correlated with age (r = 0.540 to 0.795, P < 0.001). The Cronbach's α of PEP3 for the observation group was 0.810 to 0.947. The original score of each subtest of PEP3 was less in the observation group than in the control group (|t| > 4.267, P < 0.001). ConclusionThe development of receptive language retards behind the expressive language in children with ASD. Cognitive and motor functions develop with age, while the correlation between maladaptive behavior and age is weak. PEP3 is reliable in internal consistency, and valid in discrimination.

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