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1.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 148-154, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970895

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the value of single sperm sequencing in preimplantation genetic testing for monogenic disease (PGT-M).@*METHODS@#A Chinese couple with two children whom had died of Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) and attended the Jiangxi Provincial Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital in June 2020 was selected as the subject. Eleven single sperm samples were isolated by mechanical immobilization and subjected to whole genome amplification. Real-time PCR and Sanger sequencing were used to detect the SMN1 variants in the single sperm samples. Genomic DNA of the wife, her parents and the husband, as well as one single sperm sample harboring the SMN1 variant and two single sperm samples without the variant were used for the linkage analysis. Targeted capture and high-throughput sequencing were carried out to test 100 single nucleotide polymorphisms distributed within 2 Mb up- and downstream the variant site. The haplotypes linked with the SMN1 variants were determined by linkage analysis. Blastocyst embryos were harvested after fertilizing by intracytoplasmic sperm injection. Cells from the trophoblasts of each embryo were biopsied and subjected to whole genome amplification and targeted capture and high-throughput sequencing to determine their carrier status. Chromosomal aneuploidy of wild-type embryos was excluded. An euploid embryo of high quality was transferred. Amniotic fluid sample was taken at 18 weeks of gestation to confirm the status of the fetus.@*RESULTS@#Genetic testing showed that the couple both had deletion of exons 7 ~ 8 of the SMN1 gene. The wife has inherited the deletion from her father, while the husband was de novo. The haplotypes of the husband were successfully constructed by single sperm sequencing. Preimplantation genetic testing has indicated that 5 embryos had harbored the heterozygous variant, 4 embryos were of the wild type, among which 3 were euploid. Prenatal diagnosis during the second trimester of pregnancy has confirmed that the fetus did not carry the deletion.@*CONCLUSION@#By single sperm sequencing and PGT-M, the birth of further affected child has been successfully avoided.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pregnancy , Female , Child , Male , Preimplantation Diagnosis , East Asian People , Semen , Genetic Testing , Muscular Atrophy, Spinal/genetics , Aneuploidy , Blastocyst/pathology , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Spermatozoa
2.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 473-479, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981717

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the mechanism of the Notch1 signaling pathway in regulating osteogenic factors and influencing lumbar disc calcification.@*METHODS@#Primary annulus fibroblasts from SD rats were isolated and subcultured in vitro. The calcification-inducing factors bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) and basic fibroblast growth factor (b-FGF) were added to separate groups to induce calcification, which were referred to as the BMP-2 group and the b-FGF group, respectively. A control group was also set up, which was cultured in normal medium. Subsequently, cell morphology and fluorescence identification, alizarin red staining, ELISA, and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (QRT-PCR) were performed to determine the effect of calcification induction. Cell grouping was performed again, including the control group, the calcification group (adding the inducer BMP-2), the calcification + LPS group(adding the inducer BMP-2 and the Notch1 pathway activator LPS), and the calcification + DAPT group (adding the inducer BMP-2 and the Notch1 pathway inhibitor DAPT). Alizarin red staining and flow cytometry were used to detect cell apoptosis, ELISA was used to detect the content of osteogenic factors, and Western blot was used to detect the expression of BMP-2, b-FGF, and Notch1 proteins.@*RESULTS@#The induction factor screening results showed that the number of mineralized nodules in fibroannulus cells in BMP-2 group and b-FGF group was significantly increased, and the increase was greater in the BMP-2 group Meanwhile, ELISA and Western blot results showed that BMP-2, b-FGF and mRNA expression levels of BMP-2, b-FGF and Notch1 in the induced group were significantly increased (P<0.01). The results of the mechanism of Notch1 signaling pathway affecting lumbar disc calcification showed that compared to calcified group, the number of fibroannulus cell mineralization nodules, apoptosis rate, BMP-2, b-FGF content, the expression levels of BMP-2, b-FGF, and Notch1 proteins were further increased significantly However, the number of mineralization nodules, apoptosis rate, BMP-2 and b-FGF levels, BMP-2, b-FGF and Notch1 protein expression levels were decreased in the calcified +DAPT group (P<0.05 or P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Notch1 signaling pathway promotes lumbar disc calcification through positive regulation of osteogenic factors.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2/metabolism , Calcinosis , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Lipopolysaccharides , Osteogenesis , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptor, Notch1/genetics , Signal Transduction
3.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 409-413, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980737

ABSTRACT

The treatment idea for chronic urticaria with acupuncture and moxibustion by "mind-body regulation" is explored in reference with "psychosomatic medicine". Chronic urticaria refers to "mind and body comorbidity" because qi and blood dysfunction and emotional abnormality are presented simultaneously in the disease and affected each other. In clinical diagnosis and treatment, the mutual regulation of mind and body should be considered to improve the curative effect. In treatment with acupuncture and moxibustion, through regulating the mind of brain, heart and zang organs, as well as qi movement, the mental activity is adjusted; through harmonizing the defensive qi and the nutrient blood, eliminating wind and stopping itching, the unhealthy conditions of body are treated. The comprehensive therapy of acupuncture is adopted in combination with moxibustion, bloodletting and auricular point therapy, in which, "regulating the mind" goes through the whole process of treatment, and the doctors and patients are well cooperated to ensure the qi-blood harmonization and the mind-body wellness.


Subject(s)
Humans , Moxibustion , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Bloodletting , Chronic Urticaria
4.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 20-25, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879400

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effectiveness and security of posterior percutaneous endoscopic cervical discectomy (PPECD) in the treatment of single level cervical spondylopathy with intraspinal ossification.@*METHODS@#Twenty three patients with single level cervical spondylopathy with intraspinal ossification were treated by posterior percutaneous endoscopic cervical discectomy between August 2017 and July 2019. There were 16 males and 7 females, aged from 29 to 74 years old with an average of (50±13) years.The disease duration were 3 to 120 months with a median of 6 months. There were 9 cases of cervical spondylotic radiculopathy, 6 cases of cervical spondylotic myelopathy, and 8 cases of mixed cervical spondylopathy. According to the characteristics of ossification, 17 cases were osteophytes on the posterior edge of the vertebral body;3 cases were protrusion ossification;3 cases were posterior longitudinal ligament ossification. According to the position of ossification in spinal canal, 14 cases were medial and lateral type, 5 cases were central type, and 4 cases were mixed type. Posterior percutaneous cervical endoscopic cervical discectomy in patients performed by the same surgeon. Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score and visual analogue scale(VAS) were compared separately before and after operation. At 3 months after operation, clinical effect was assessed according to modified Macnab standard.@*RESULTS@#All operations were successful. The operative time was 30 to 155 (69.1±27.2) min. The bedridden time was 2 to 3(3.0±0.9) h, length of postoperative hospitalization was 2 to 7(4.1± 1.5) d. Three dimensional CT reconstruction of the cervical spine at 3 days after operation showed that ossified tissue of 13 cases were completely removed, and 10 cases were left after operation, and the residual was located at the posterior edge and/or center of the upper vertebral body. VAS score at discharge from hospital was significantly lower than that before operation (@*CONCLUSION@#For an experienced surgeon, percutaneous posterior cervical endoscopic discectomy is safe and reliable in treating single level cervical spondylopathy with intraspinal ossification, and can obtain good clinical results.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Diskectomy , Diskectomy, Percutaneous , Endoscopy , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Osteogenesis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
5.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 103-111, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817638

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】To observe macular choroidal thickness and topographical variation in Chinese healthy and myopic children and to investigate the correlated factors. 【Methods】 A total of 196 myopic children treated at Hainan Province Eye Hospital were selected and divided into hyperopia ,emmetropia,low,moderate and severe myopia groups according to their spherical equivalents(SE). Axial length(AXL),subfoveal choroidal thickness(SFCT)and 1 mm ,3 mm nasal,temporal,superior,and inferior to the foveal choroidal thickness were recorded. Forty- five students from Tung Wah Group of Hospital′s MA Kam Chan Memorial Primary School in Hong Kong were also recruited in this 1-year longitudinal study. Children were grouped to myopic group and emmetropic or hyperopic group according to SE ,thickness changes of choroid were compared among children with or without myopic shift. The correlation among choroidal SE,and AXL variations were also investigated.【Results】Mean SFCT was 250(204~314)μm. The choroid was thinner at the nasal and inferior sectors ,the thinnest being at 3mm nasal to the fovea ,and the thickest at 1mm temporal to the fovea. Choroidal thickness in all orientations became thinner with progressively descending refractive degree. SFCT and 1 mm around fovea decreased most compared with other surrounding directions in all groups(Kruskal- Wallis test,P < 0.05). The choroidal thickness in subfovea and other sectors got thinned after 1 year follow-up time(Pair t test,P < 0.05).The variation of the choroidal thickness in fovea and surrounding positions was positively correlated with the change of SE and negatively related to the change of the AXL. The myopic group had a faster descent of SE and a faster growth of AXL than the emmetropic or hyperopic group. SFCT and surrounding choroidal thickness showed a progressive descent in the myopic group,but a slight decrease in the emmetropic or hyperopic groups.【Conclusions】There is significant topographic variation of choroidal at different regions of the macular. The choroidal thickness decreases faster in myopes. SFCT is more sensitive to myopic progression compared with surrounding regions.

6.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 735-740, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828215

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical efficacy of C expanded half lamina excision combined with unilateral open door laminoplasty for multiple segmental cervical spinal cord compression syndrome.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 58 patients with multiple segmental cervical spinal cord compression syndrome underwent surgical treatment between September 2014 and May 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 34 males and 24 females with a mean age of 64.4 years old (ranged from 46 to 78 years old). Among them, 28 cases received the surgery of C expanded half lamina excision combined with C-C unilateral open-door laminoplasty (improvedgroup), and 30 cases received a single C-C unilateral open-door laminoplasty (traditional group). Operation time, intraoperative blood loss, complications including C nerve root palsy and axial symptoms were compared between two groups. To evaluate the situation of the imaging indicators by measuring the space available for the spinal cord through cross sectional MRI of cervical spine at the narrowest segment of C (including intervertebral disc levels of C). Pre- and post-operative Japanese Orthopedic Association(JOA) score, Neck Disability Index(NDI) score, and improvement rate of neurological function, were recorded and analyzed between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up for 12 to 18 months with an average of(14.5±1.8) months for improved group and (14.5±1.9) months for traditional group, and no significant difference was found between the two groups (>0.05). There was no significant difference in intraoperative blood loss and C nerve root palsy between the two groups (>0.05). The operation time (119±10) min vs (126±12) min and axial symptoms 7.1%(2/28) vs 26.6%(8/30) was significant difference between the two groups (0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#C expanded half lamina excision combined with unilateral open-door laminoplasty is an effective method to treat multiple segmental cervical spinal cord compression syndrome, for it can not only fully relieved spinal cord compression, but also achievedgood effect in preventing complications such as axial symptoms by reducing stripping of muscles from C2 spinous process.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cervical Vertebrae , General Surgery , Cross-Sectional Studies , Laminectomy , Laminoplasty , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Cord Compression , Treatment Outcome
7.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 543-545, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818991

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the laboratory technicians’ abilities in blood slide making and reading in 10 prefectures of Yunnan Province which have passed the provincial malaria elimination evaluation, so as to provide the evidence for improving the malaria elimination surveillance and parasite examination. Methods Thirty negative blood slides were randomly sampled to evaluate coating, dyeing and clean quality and reading results, and 4 laboratory technicians were sampled to evaluate their reading abilities from each prefecture level and its 2 subordinate counties (districts) respectively, and then the results were analyzed. Results A total of 869 negative blood samples were evaluated. The coincidence rate was 100%. The proportions of good coating, dyeing and clean quality were 96.09%, 91.71% and 96.89%, respectively. Totally 576 blood slides were used to evaluate the reading ability. The number of correct reading was 505, and the correct rate was 87.67%. Among them, the Plasmodium vivax correct reading rate was 87.76%, the P. falciparum correct reading rate was 87.50%, and the correct reading rate of mixed infections was 47.62%. The laboratory technicians’ ability to the mixed infections was significantly lower than the ability to the others (χ2 = 37.169, P < 0.05), however, in the laboratory technicians’ abilities, there was no significant difference among the center (s) for disease control and prevention, general hospitals and township hospitals (χ2 = 2.782, P > 0.05), and the prefecture, county and township levels (χ2 = 0.358, P > 0.05) . Conclusion The 10 prefectures have passed the provincial evaluation in blood slide making and microscopic examination skill indicators requested, but the medical and public health institutions at all levels still should further improve their laboratory technicians’ abilities in blood slide making and microscopic examination skills.

8.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 543-545, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818539

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the laboratory technicians’ abilities in blood slide making and reading in 10 prefectures of Yunnan Province which have passed the provincial malaria elimination evaluation, so as to provide the evidence for improving the malaria elimination surveillance and parasite examination. Methods Thirty negative blood slides were randomly sampled to evaluate coating, dyeing and clean quality and reading results, and 4 laboratory technicians were sampled to evaluate their reading abilities from each prefecture level and its 2 subordinate counties (districts) respectively, and then the results were analyzed. Results A total of 869 negative blood samples were evaluated. The coincidence rate was 100%. The proportions of good coating, dyeing and clean quality were 96.09%, 91.71% and 96.89%, respectively. Totally 576 blood slides were used to evaluate the reading ability. The number of correct reading was 505, and the correct rate was 87.67%. Among them, the Plasmodium vivax correct reading rate was 87.76%, the P. falciparum correct reading rate was 87.50%, and the correct reading rate of mixed infections was 47.62%. The laboratory technicians’ ability to the mixed infections was significantly lower than the ability to the others (χ2 = 37.169, P < 0.05), however, in the laboratory technicians’ abilities, there was no significant difference among the center (s) for disease control and prevention, general hospitals and township hospitals (χ2 = 2.782, P > 0.05), and the prefecture, county and township levels (χ2 = 0.358, P > 0.05) . Conclusion The 10 prefectures have passed the provincial evaluation in blood slide making and microscopic examination skill indicators requested, but the medical and public health institutions at all levels still should further improve their laboratory technicians’ abilities in blood slide making and microscopic examination skills.

9.
Chinese Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology ; (12): 273-277, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743360

ABSTRACT

Purpose To investigate the expression characteristics and significance of P-selectin and HPA in benign and malignant hydatidform mole tissues. Methods By using immunohistochemical technique SP and RT-PCR, the expression of Pselectin and HPA was detected in 40 cases of benign hydatidiform mole tissues, and 12 malignant hydatidiform mole tissues.Meanwhile, 40 cases of normal placental villi tissues were observed. Results The protein positive rate and protein relative quantity expression and the mRNA relative quantity expression of P-selectin and HPA were gradually increasing in normal placenta villi tissues, benign hydatidiform mole tissues, and malignant hydatidiform mole tissues. The differences between groups were statistically significant (all P<0.05). The expression of P-selectin and HPA showed positive correlation (all P<0.05) in benign and malignant hydatidform mole tissues. Conclusion The over-expression of P-selectin and HPA promotes the occurrence and development of hydatidform mole. The detection of the expression levels of P-selectin and HPA is of great significance for the differential diagnosis and prognosis assessment of benign and malignant hydatidform mole. It could become a biological predictor of malignant development of hydatidform mole.

10.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 259-263, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777125

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effectiveness and safety of fire-needle therapy, an external approach of Chinese medicine in treating plaque psoriasis.@*METHODS@#This study was a two-parallel-arm randomized controlled trial. A total of 151 participants with plaque psoriasis were randomly assigned to the fire-needle therapy group (treatment group, 76 cases) or the control group (75 cases) at a 1:1 allocation ratio using SAS software. All participants received Oral Huoxue Jiedu Decoction (, HXJDD) and applied externally vaseline cream twice a day. Participants in the treatment group received fire-needle therapy once weekly for 4 weeks plus HXJDD and vaseline cream applied the same as the control group. The primary outcome measure was Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) score, and the secondary outcomes were Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQL), and Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAMA), as well as Chinese medicine (CM) syndrome score and photos of target lesions. The indices were evaluated before and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#Sixty-eight patients in each group completed the study. The treatment group has not yet achieved significant improvement in PASI score (P>0.05) compared to the control group. However, significant differences were found between the two groups in relieving CM syndrome (P<0.05) and improving quality of life (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Fire-needle appears to be safe and may have benefit for psoriasis, the short-term treatment and small sample size limit the conclusions of this study. Further rigorous randomized controlled trials with longer treatment are recommended.

11.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1202-1208, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-641296

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the anatomic and visual outcomes of 25-gauge vitrectomies combined with air tamponade for the treatment of idiopathic macular hole (IMH).METHODS: Thirty eyes of 27 patients with IMH were included in this prospective interventional study.All patients underwent 25-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) combined with phacoemulsification and air tamponade.Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA, logMAR), perimetry and multifocal electroretinography (mfERG) were conducted before and after the operation.Anatomical changes were evaluated with optical coherence tomography (OCT).RESULTS: The macular holes closed successfully in 28 eyes after the primary vitrectomy.The mean BCVA improved from 0.72±0.22 logMAR preoperatively to 0.29±0.18 logMAR postoperatively (P<0.001).In the visual field of central 10°, the average mean deviation (MD) decreased from-3.59±1.83 dB preoperatively to-2.51±1.36 dB postoperatively (P<0.001) and the average pattern standard deviation (PSD) decreased from 1.86±0.68 dB preoperatively to 1.33±0.32 dB postoperatively (P=0.001).The retinal response densities of mfERG in the foveal and perifoveal area increased significantly, and implicit times of rings 4-6 prolonged significantly (P<0.05).The symptom duration and baseline N1 amplitude densities at ring 1 had a significant impact on postoperative BCVA (P<0.001, P=0.001, respectively).CONCLUSION: The 25-gauge PPV and air tamponade with 1 day prone positioning produce favorable anatomic and functional outcomes.

12.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1212-1214, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-641164

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the incidence of trachoma in children aged 1 to 9y in Hainan Province and determine high-risk trachoma endemic and non-endemic areas in Hainan, and thus provide evidence for developing trachoma control and prevention therapy.METHODS:The areas of investigation were chosen on the basis of past literatures, expert interviews and survey on the spot.In 2013, Hainan Provincial Office of Blindness Prevention carried out the survey in 7 counties including Dongfang City, Wuzhishan City, Ledong County, Baisha County, Baoting County, Lingao County and Changjiang County.In these districts, 356 pupils including 192 boys and 164 girls were examined, their age ranging from 1 to 9 and their average age being 7 years old.The targeted students received the trachoma rapid assessment by the adoption of simplified trachoma classification system which was recommended by the World Health Organization.RESULTS: No case of active trachoma was found among the 356 students.CONCLUSION:The prevalence rate of trachoma in children under 9 years is less than 5% in Hainan Province.Active trachoma is not a public health issue in Hainan Province.

13.
International Eye Science ; (12): 846-849, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637292

ABSTRACT

?AlM: To investigate repeatability and accuracy of a latest Keratograph for evaluating the tear film stability and to compare its measurements with that of traditional examination methods. ?METHODS: The results of noninvasive tear film break-up time ( Nl-BUT ) including the first tear film break-up time ( BUT-f ) and the average tear film break-up time ( BUT - ave ) were measured by Keratograph. The repeatability of the measurements was evaluated by coefficient of variation ( CV ) and intraclass correlation coefficient ( lCC) . Wilcoxon Signed-Rank test was used to compare Nl-BUT with fluorescein tear film break-up time ( FBUT) to confirm the correlation between Nl-BUT and FBUT, Schirmer l test values. Bland-Altman analysis was used to evaluate consistency. ?RESULTS: The study recruited 48 subjects ( 48 eyes ) (mean age 38. 7±15. 2 years). The CV and lCC of BUT-f were respectively 12. 6% and 0. 95, those of BUT-ave were 9. 8% and 0. 96. The value of BUT-f was lower than that of FBUT. The difference had statistical significance ( 6. 16±2. 46s vs 7. 46±1. 92s, P ?CONCLUSlON: Keratograph can provide Nl-BUT data that has a better repeatability and reliability, which has great application prospects in diagnosis and treatment of dry eye and refractive corneal surgery.

14.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 387-390, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-276088

ABSTRACT

By direct communication between clinicians and laboratorians, obstacles between clinical work and laboratory diagnosis were unequivocally found at an academic conference. Many clinical physicians feel disappointed and frustrated at the laboratory diagnosis by semen analysis and frankly express their expectations, as to recognize the role and significance of laboratory diagnosis, understand the value of routine semen analysis, work out the puzzles in the analysis of sperm morphology, fulfil the requirements for the identification of cells in semen, and obtain responses from and initiate discussions among laboratorians about the relevant questions. Both laboratorians and clinicians are appealing for strengthened management and earlier establishment of national standards and operating specifications for laboratory diagnosis by semen analysis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Communication , Interprofessional Relations , Physicians , Semen , Semen Analysis
15.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 29-32, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-313771

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the feasibility and clinical efficacy of unilateral pedicle screw fixation with transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) for the treatment of far lateral lumbar disc herniation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2007 to January 2011, 18 patients with far lateral lumbar disc herniation underwent a unilateral TLIF procedure in conjunction with posterior unilateral pedicle screw fixation. There were 13 males and 5 females,ranging in age from 42 to 73 years (means 58.5 years). All cases had single segment involved 5 cases in L3, 4, 10 cases in L4,5,3 cases in LSS. The visual analog scale (VAS) of low back pain and leg pain and Oswestry Disability Index scores were observed in postoperative and followed-up period, and compared with preoperative.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The operation of 18 patients was successful,there were no severe complication. The average operative time was 105 min (85 to 125 min), the average amount of blood loss was 145 ml (90 to 340 ml). During the followed-up, the visual analog scale and Oswestry disability index scores were significant improved compared with preoperative (P < 0.05). All patients were followed up from 12 to 48 months with an average of 23 months, there was no implant break and displacement in postoperative X-ray.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The surgical procedure of unilateral pedicle screw fixation with transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion had the advantage including less invasion, quickly recovery, short operative time, and saving fixation cost, it may provide an alternative treatment for patients with far lateral lumbar disc herniation.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bone Screws , Follow-Up Studies , Intervertebral Disc Displacement , General Surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae , General Surgery , Spinal Fusion , Methods
16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 293-299, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333499

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Osteopontin (OPN) is a secreted phosphoglycoprotein (SSP) that is overexpressed in a variety of tumors and was regarded as a molecular marker of tumors. In this study, we intended to demonstrate the role of OPN in human breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Recombinant plasmid expressing small interfering RNA (siRNA) specific to OPN mRNA was transfected into MDA-MB-231 cells to generate the stable transfected cell line MDA-MB-343, and the empty plasmid tansfected cells (MDA-MB-neg) or wildtype MDA-MB-231 cells were used as control cells respectively. Expression of OPN, hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) proteins was analyzed by Western blotting analysis. The radiosensitivity of cells was determined by detecting cell apoptosis, cell proliferation and cell senescence.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>HIF-1 and VEGF proteins in MDA-MB-343 cells were significantly downregulated upon the efficient knockdown of OPN expression under either hypoxia or normoxia environment. Moreover, expression of OPN protein was upregualted upon hypoxic culture. Stable OPN-silencing also decreased cell invasion, increased cell apoptosis and cell senescence, as well as reduced clonogenic survival, resulting in increase radiation tolerance.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Suppression of OPN gene expression can enhance radiosensitivity and affect cell apoptosis in breast cancer cells. OPN seems to be an attractive target for the improvement of radiotherapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Breast Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Genetics , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1 , Genetics , Metabolism , Osteopontin , Genetics , Metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering , Radiation Tolerance , Genetics , Physiology , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Genetics , Metabolism
17.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 641-645, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-635836

ABSTRACT

Background It has become a consensus about the necessity of topical administration of corticosteroid eye solutions after myopic laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis(LASIK).The glucocorticoid eye drops with good anti-inflammatory effect and less adverse effects is helpful for the repair of corneal epithelium following LASIK.Objective This study was to evaluate the clinical effects of 0.5% loteprednol etabonate eye drops after LASIK.Methods A prospective randomized-controlled study was designed.One hundred and twelve myopia patients(224 eyes)who had received LASIK were included in this study and randomly divided into two groups,and 97 patients finished the follow-up,including 108 eyes of 54 patients in the 0.5% ioteprednol etabonate eye drops treatment group and 86 eyes of 43 patients in the control group.0.5% loteprednol etabonate eye drops or dexamethasone/tobramycin eye drops were administered topically to the treatment group and control group,respectively 4 times daily from postoperative day 1 through day 7 following LASIK in addition to regular basic treatment.The follow-up was performed 1 day,1 week and 1 month after LASIK.Subjective symptoms including eye pain,foreign body sensation and blurring were scored,and uncorrected visual acuity(UCVA),best corrected visual acuity(BCVA),intraocular pressure(IOP),central corneal thickness,corneal fluorescein staining and diffuse laminar keratitis(DLK)were evaluated and compared between the two groups 1 day,1 week,and 1 month after LASIK.This clinical trial was approved by the Ethic Commission of Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center,and written informed consent was obtained from each patient before the trial.Results No drug-related ocular and systemic adverse events were found in the treatment group throughout the follow-up duration.There was no significant difference in the subjective symptom score after 1 day,1 week and 1 month(P>0.05).At 1 week post-LASIK,the corrected actual IOP was (16.27±3.31)mmHg in the treatment group and(17.49±4.48)mmHg in the control group,with a statistically significant difference between them(t =-2.113,P =0.036).However,there was no statistically significant difference in IOP between the treatment group(15.01±3.22)mmHg and the control group(15.30±4.17)mmHg at 1 month post-LASIK(t=-0.532,P=0.595).Mild diffuse lamellar keratitis developed in 7 eyes in the treatment group and 5 eyes in the control group without a significant difference on the first day after LASIK(x2 =0.153,P =0.926).The scores of corneal fluorescein staining were not statistically different between the two groups at 1 day,1 week and 1 month postoperative(Z=-0.566,P=0.571 ;Z=-0.689,P=0.491 ;Z=-1.628,P=0.103).Conclusions 0.5% loteprednol etabonate eye drops could effectively inhibit postoperative inflammation and low the incidence of DLK.It can lessen the risk of IOP elevation in comparison with traditional steroid eye drops.

18.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 1059-1063, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239035

ABSTRACT

This paper presents a review of the contribution, revision and defects of the 5th edition of WHO Laboratory Manual for the Examination and Processing of Human Semen published in 2010. The pity is that the book lacks the data from China. The normal spermatozoon morphology as 4% seems incredible and hard to be applied in practice. The reference values provided by WHO are important records of past findings, but do not hold good for all time. The Manual cannot be looked upon as a "Bible" but a new starting point. It is an inescapable responsibility of Chinese andrologists to establish a set of criteria for human semen analysis specifically applicable to Chinese males.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Reference Values , Semen Analysis , Sperm Count , Sperm Motility , Spermatozoa , World Health Organization
19.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 739-742, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332843

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the clinical application and therapeutic effect of open vertebroplasty for thoracolumbar metastatic tumor.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From September 2003 to December 2009, 21 patients with thoracolumbar metastatic tumor underwent the surgical procedure of posterior spinal cord decompression and open vertebroplasty combined with short-segmental pedicle screw fixation during the same intervention. There were 14 males and 7 females, ranging in age from 48 to 73 years with the mean of 59.5 years and ranging in course of disease from 1 to 4 months with an average of 2.5 months. The primary focus of the tumor of 19 cases were established, lung carcinoma was in 8 cases, breast cancer in 4 cases, prostate carcinoma in 4 cases, hepatocarcinoma in 2 cases and thyroid carcinoma in 1 case. The primary focus of 2 cases could not be established. The spinal function according to Frankel grade, grade B was in 4 cases, C in 6, D in 5, E in 6. The lumbar-back pain, height of anterior and posterior vertebral body, Cobb angle and spinal function were recorded before and after operation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The operation of all patients was successful, there were no severe complications and aggravation of spinal function. The VAS score of lumbar-back pain decreased from 8.78 +/- 0.45 preoperatively to 2.25 +/- 0.36 postoperatively. Among 16 cases combined with pathological fracture, the height of anterior spinal vertebral body increased from (12.7 +/- 2.1) mm preoperatively to (19.5 +/- 3.9) mm postoperatively; the height of posterior spinal vertebral body increased from (14.1 +/- 1.8) mm preoperatively to (20.3 +/- 2.3) mm postoperatively; Cobb angle decreased from (26.0 +/- 8.9) degrees preoperatively to (6.0 +/- 0.9) degrees postoperatively. There was significant difference above items between before and after operation (P < 0.05). The spinal function according to Frankel grade at final follow up, grade C was in 2 cases, D in 4, E in 15. All patients were followed up from 5 to 28 months with an average of 14 months, there was no loosening and breakage of internal fixity, 15 cases died during follow-up period.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The surgical intervention can effectively preserve spinal instability and alleviate the spinal cord symptoms, improve the life quality of patients. It may provide an alternative treatment for patients in poor general health and shorter life expectancy.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Lumbar Vertebrae , Pathology , Neoplasm Metastasis , Therapeutics , Spinal Neoplasms , Pathology , General Surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae , Pathology , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty , Methods
20.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 530-533, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-241306

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the relationship between physical and biological effects of alternating magnetic field and study the influence of the magnetic field on the reproductive function of murine testes.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty ICR mice were randomized into 5 groups: normal control, X-ray radiation, weak magnetic field (1000 Hz), 1 h strong magnetic field and 2 h strong magnetic field (2000 Hz). The mice were sacrificed at 7 days after the exposure for the analysis of testicular sperm motility, observation of histopathological changes in the testis by HE staining and evaluation of the changes by modified Johnsen grade criteria.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The rates of sperm motility were (42.37 +/- 10.24)% in the normal control group, (39.00 +/- 12.35)% in the X-ray radiation group, (36.00 +/- 17.28)% in the weak magnetic field group, (10.72 +/- 5.67)% in the 1 h strong magnetic field group and (4.44 +/- 2.87)% in the 2 h strong magnetic field group, respectively. Johnsen's scores decreased and the testis damage increased in a dose- and time-dependent manner.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Magnetic field, either strong or weak, may damage the testis function by inducing injury to seminiferous tubules and Leydig cells, thickening of the basal membrane, derangement, exfoliation, massive apoptosis and necrosis of spermatogenic cells in the lumen, situation of the epididymis, and consequently the absence of sperm.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Electromagnetic Fields , Leydig Cells , Pathology , Mice, Inbred ICR , Sperm Motility , Testis , Cell Biology , Pathology , Radiation Effects
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