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1.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 1-10, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982583

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore key quality control factors that affected the prognosis of intensive care unit (ICU) patients in Chinese mainland over six years (2015-2020). The data for this study were from 31 provincial and municipal hospitals (3425 hospital ICUs) and included 2 110 685 ICU patients, for a total of 27 607 376 ICU hospitalization days. We found that 15 initially established quality control indicators were good predictors of patient prognosis, including percentage of ICU patients out of all inpatients (%), percentage of ICU bed occupancy of total inpatient bed occupancy (%), percentage of all ICU inpatients with an APACHE II score ⩾15 (%), three-hour (surviving sepsis campaign) SSC bundle compliance (%), six-hour SSC bundle compliance (%), rate of microbe detection before antibiotics (%), percentage of drug deep venous thrombosis (DVT) prophylaxis (%), percentage of unplanned endotracheal extubations (%), percentage of patients reintubated within 48 hours (%), unplanned transfers to the ICU (%), 48-h ICU readmission rate (%), ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) (per 1000 ventilator days), catheter related blood stream infection (CRBSI) (per 1000 catheter days), catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI) (per 1000 catheter days), in-hospital mortality (%). When exploratory factor analysis was applied, the 15 indicators were divided into 6 core elements that varied in weight regarding quality evaluation: nosocomial infection management (21.35%), compliance with the Surviving Sepsis Campaign guidelines (17.97%), ICU resources (17.46%), airway management (15.53%), prevention of deep-vein thrombosis (14.07%), and severity of patient condition (13.61%). Based on the different weights of the core elements associated with the 15 indicators, we developed an integrated quality scoring system defined as F score=21.35%xnosocomial infection management + 17.97%xcompliance with SSC guidelines + 17.46%×ICU resources + 15.53%×airway management + 14.07%×DVT prevention + 13.61%×severity of patient condition. This evidence-based quality scoring system will help in assessing the key elements of quality management and establish a foundation for further optimization of the quality control indicator system.

2.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 675-684, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010795

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore key quality control factors that affected the prognosis of intensive care unit (ICU) patients in Chinese mainland over six years (2015-2020). The data for this study were from 31 provincial and municipal hospitals (3425 hospital ICUs) and included 2 110 685 ICU patients, for a total of 27 607 376 ICU hospitalization days. We found that 15 initially established quality control indicators were good predictors of patient prognosis, including percentage of ICU patients out of all inpatients (%), percentage of ICU bed occupancy of total inpatient bed occupancy (%), percentage of all ICU inpatients with an APACHE II score ⩾15 (%), three-hour (surviving sepsis campaign) SSC bundle compliance (%), six-hour SSC bundle compliance (%), rate of microbe detection before antibiotics (%), percentage of drug deep venous thrombosis (DVT) prophylaxis (%), percentage of unplanned endotracheal extubations (%), percentage of patients reintubated within 48 hours (%), unplanned transfers to the ICU (%), 48-h ICU readmission rate (%), ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) (per 1000 ventilator days), catheter related blood stream infection (CRBSI) (per 1000 catheter days), catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI) (per 1000 catheter days), in-hospital mortality (%). When exploratory factor analysis was applied, the 15 indicators were divided into 6 core elements that varied in weight regarding quality evaluation: nosocomial infection management (21.35%), compliance with the Surviving Sepsis Campaign guidelines (17.97%), ICU resources (17.46%), airway management (15.53%), prevention of deep-vein thrombosis (14.07%), and severity of patient condition (13.61%). Based on the different weights of the core elements associated with the 15 indicators, we developed an integrated quality scoring system defined as F score=21.35%xnosocomial infection management + 17.97%xcompliance with SSC guidelines + 17.46%×ICU resources + 15.53%×airway management + 14.07%×DVT prevention + 13.61%×severity of patient condition. This evidence-based quality scoring system will help in assessing the key elements of quality management and establish a foundation for further optimization of the quality control indicator system.


Subject(s)
Humans , China/epidemiology , Cross Infection/epidemiology , Intensive Care Units/statistics & numerical data , Quality Control , Quality Indicators, Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Sepsis/therapy , East Asian People/statistics & numerical data
3.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 879-884, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995338

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the services, quality and safety of digestive endoscopy in China in 2020.Methods:Data of digestive endoscopy in 2020 collected by the national medical quality information network were included. After data quality evaluation, the basic information of digestive endoscopy centers in different types of hospitals, the diagnosis and treatment of digestive endoscopy, the process and outcome indicators of digestive endoscopy were analyzed and compared.Results:A total of 3 714 hospitals were included in this survey. The digestive endoscopy operations completed by each hospital was 3 562.5 (1 299.75, 8 426.75), the digestive endoscopists was 4 (2, 7), and the endoscopic operations completed per capita per year was 900 (500, 1 452). The detection rate of early gastrointestinal cancer was 17.46% (110 069/630 265). The success rates of cecal intubation under colonoscopy and selective intubation of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography were 95.43% (6 976 521/7 310 970) and 94.21% (121 666/129 149) respectively. The complete resection rate of endoscopic submucosal dissection was 92.68% (93 536/100 924). The incidence of serious complications related to digestive endoscopic operations [0.05‰ (1 316/26 499 108)] and mortality [0.003‰ (80/26 499 108)] remained at a low level.Conclusion:The quality and safety of digestive endoscopy in China in 2020 is improved, but there are still some problems, such as the shortage of digestive endoscopists, the poor ability of endoscopists in the diagnosis of early gastrointestinal cancer.

4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 167-171, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880445

ABSTRACT

Focusing on the requirements of visual traceability for reprocessing of reused medical devices under the background of deep integration of intelligent medical treatment, a quality and safety traceability system for disinfection of reused medical devices is developed. The multi-dimensional data of the reprocessing chain of reusable medical devices are acquired in real time by the RFID mobile terminal handset and stored temporarily. The data package is formatted based on LoRa protocol and uploaded to the management and control platform in multi-threaded transmission mode for in-depth analysis and traceability. The corresponding prototype system is developed. The first-line operation and maintenance test results show that the prototype system has strong cooperation, strong operation robustness, and obvious advantages in the identification rate and other layers of sterile equipment package.


Subject(s)
Disinfection , Radio Frequency Identification Device , Technology
5.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 451-457, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910157

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the incidence and trend of severe postpartum hemorrhage (sPPH) in China, and to provide basic data for the development and evaluation of sPPH prevention and control strategy.Methods:Obstetric data was extracted from annual national representative sampling surveys based on the National Clinical Improvement System. From 2016 to 2019, 2 978, 3 400, 4 576 and 4 594 maternity hospitals with sPPH cases were included for statistics. The annual incidence of sPPH was calculated according to province and type of medical institutions and generalized linear model was emplyed to identify the determinants affecting sPPH incidence.Results:In China, sPPH incidence increased from 0.62% in 2016 to 0.93% in 2018, and was 0.92% in 2019. Eighteen provinces had an inverted U-shaped trend of sPPH over time and most of them had the highest incidence in 2018; ten provinces had an upward trend of sPPH and 3 provinces had a U-shaped trend. In 2019, the top five provinces with the highest sPPH incidence were Yunnan (1.88%), Beijing (1.45%), Jiangsu (1.31%), Guizhou (1.26%), and Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (1.22%); the top five provinces with the lowest incidence were Henan (0.55%), Jiangxi (0.60%), Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region (0.64%), Liaoning (0.64%) and Gansu (0.69%). In 2019, the sPPH incidence in different types of medical institutions were as follows: tertiary public general hospital (1.15%), tertiary public specialized hospital (1.02%), secondary public general hospital (0.81%), private hospital (0.61%) and secondary public specialized hospital (0.58%). sPPH incidence was positively associated with proportion of twin pregnancies, macrosomia, primipara, and puerpera aged ≥35 years in maternity hospitals ( P<0.05). Conclusions:sPPH incidence generally showes an increasing trend from 2016 and is stable at a high level in recent two years in China. It is warranted to further strengthen the monitoring of postpartum hemorrhage, and improve the capability of hierarchical management and treatment in maternity institutions and regions, in order to reduce sPPH incidence and maternal mortality.

6.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 503-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886776

ABSTRACT

Human organ transplantation is an effective method to treat organ failure and save the life of patients. The practicing qualification certification of human organ transplantation is recognized as an administrative examination and approval item of the national health authority. National health authorities shall organize experts to conduct on-site audit of medical institutions that have applied for practicing qualification certification and have passed preliminary supervision at the provincial level. In this article, the management of on-site audit on the practicing qualification certification of human organ transplantation was illustrated and discussed from the practical significance, principles and highlights of on-site audit, and key points during on-site audit, aiming to provide reference for ensuring high-quality development of organ transplantation and strengthening the management of practicing qualification certification of human organ transplantation in medical institutions.

7.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 610-613, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872329

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify current research hotspots, research trends and future trends of point-of-care testing(POCT) in China, by means of literature review.Methods:The " point-of-care testing" and " POCT" were used as the search terms, to retrieve in CNKI database the literature on point-of-care testing published during 2010-2019 in the method of subject retrieval. CiteSpace software was used to analyze and generate the research institutions and their cooperative networks, the keyword co-occurrence network, and the burst term analysis, for an analysis of the current researches in point-of-care testing in China.Results:A total of 588 literatures were retrieved, and 485 literatures were finalized as research samples, with exclusion of those obviously irrelevant. The research found that the point-of-care testing studies in China focused on portable blood glucose meters, quality control of POCT, comparison of POCT and biochemical analyzer results, and establishment of a POCT quality system. In terms of future research tend, the hotspots fell on " total quality management system of POCT" , " POCT in cardiovascular disease application" , " POCT in battlefield operation or emergency application" .Conclusions:Given the growing number of relevant documents on point-of-care testing, and the expanding scope of researches, regional research centers have yet to be formed.

8.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 15-19, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798684

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the value of serum MIR4435-2HG level in the diagnosis and prognosis of oral squamous cell carcinoma.@*Methods@#This study was a retrospective case-control study. Five hundred and eighteen samples of oral squamous carcinoma of patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma in the cancer genome atlas project (TCGA) database, with long noncoding RNA MIR4435-2HG expression. The median was the boundary, and the patients were divided into high expression group and low expression group, and the 5-year disease-free survival rate and overall survival rate of the two groups were compared. Serum samples from 82 patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma who were admitted to the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Affiliated Stomatology Hospital of Huzhou Univerisity from January 2012 to January 2015 were enrolled to verify the prognostic value of MIR4435-2HG. Bioinformatics is used to predict the biological processes involved in MIR4435-2HG. Use the SPSS 23.0 to set the optimal diagnostic and prognostic cutoff for the MIR4435-2HG.@*Results@#A total of 518 oral squamous carcinoma patients in the TCGA database showed that the 5-year overall survival rate of the MIR4435-2HG high expression group [43.2% (112/259)] was significanthy lower than that of the MIR4435-2HG low expression group [51.7% (134/259)] (P<0.05). The disease-free survival rate of the MIR4435-2HG high expression group [56.8% (147/259)] was significantly lower than that of the MIR4435-2HG low expression group [64.1% (166/259)] (P<0.05). The results of the validation of 82 patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma suggested that the 3-year overall survival rate of the MIR4435-2HG high expression group [40.0% (8/20)] was significantly lower than the MIR4435-2HG low expression group [80.6 % (50/62)] (P<0.05). The clinical and pathological data of serum MIR4435-2HG high expression group and serum MIR4435-2HG low expression group were compared. The results showed that there was no significant difference in gender, age, tumor location and TNM staging between the two groups (P>0.05). The lymph node metastasis rate of the MIR4435-2HG high expression group was significantly higher than that of the low expression group [12.9% (8/62)] (P<0.05). The histological grade of the high expression group [80.0 % (16/20)] was significantly lower than that of the low expression group [24.2 % (15/62)] (χ2=20.030, P<0.05). The results of bioinformatics analysis indicated that the biological functions of MIR4435-2HG target gene were mainly enriched in protein metabolism, processing of rRNA in nucleolus and cytoplasm, SEMA4D induced cell migration process, and mitochondrial translation process.@*Conclusions@#Serum MIR4435-2HG can be used as a potential prognostic marker for oral squamous cell carcinoma.

9.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 932-935, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800884

ABSTRACT

With the market-oriented application of new technologies and the development of various subjects in hospitals, more and more point-of-care test(POCT) devices appear in medical institutions, as an important method for rapid clinical acquisition of test results. As introduced by the authors, the hospital since 2017, established based on the hospital′s total quality management system, the POCT management committee, and built the hospital′s POCT quality management system. Thanks to its efforts, the hospital has fully standardized the POCT management from equipment procurement, test, maintenance, personnel training and examination, thus further ensuring medical quality.

10.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 136-140, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505258

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of silencing Notch1 gene by RNA interference on the proliferation,apoptosis and Akt/mTOR signaling pathway in clear renal cell carcinoma.Methods The optimal segment targeting Notch1 gene was designed and transfected into 786-O cells by Lipofectamine TM2000.The Notch1 mRNA and protein were detected by RT-PCR and Western blot.The proliferation rate of 786-O cells was evaluated by MTT and the variation of apoptosis was measured by TUNEL.The protein expression level of apoptosis-related protein Bcl-2,caspase-3,caspase-9,and signaling pathway protein Akt,p-Akt,p-mTOR,p-P70S6K were detected by Western blott.Results Notchl mRNA and protein was markedly suppressed by the siRNA targeting Notch1.Treated with 0,40,60,80,100 and 120 nmol/L of Notch1 siRNA for 24 hours,cell proliferation rates were (98.51 ± 1.33) %,(87.34 ± 2.26) %,(64.72 ± 3.24)%,(57.68 ±3.32)%,(31.91 ± 1.85)% and (19.27 ±2.73)%,and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.01).Treated with 0,40,80,and 120 nmol/L of Notchl siRNA for 24 hours,apoptosis rates were (7.6 ± 3.8) %,(21.5 ± 4.8) %,(32.3 ± 3.5) %,and (46.3 ± 4.7%),the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05).Decreased expression of Akt signaling pathway proteins p-Akt,p-mTOR,p-70S6K and apoptosis-related protein Bcl-2,procaspase-3 was detected,but no change in the total protein of Akt.Conclusions Depletion of Notch1 gene could inhibit cell growth and induce apoptosis in 786-O cell line.It inhibits Akt/mTOR signaling pathway by dephosphorylated.

11.
Practical Oncology Journal ; (6): 289-293, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611380

ABSTRACT

Objective The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between the expression of RAD18 and radiation resistance in glioblastoma multiforme(GBM)and to provide a new therapeutic target for improving the radiation resistance of GBM.Methods Human glioma A172 cells were transfected into blank and RAD18-containing plasmid vector.The cell proliferation of two groups after the same dose radiation was detected by cloning assay.The mRNA expression of RAD18 in primary and recurrent GBM samples after close proximity treatment were detected by qRT-PCR.All data were analyzed statistically.Results The proliferation of GBM cells transfected with RAD18 plasmid was higher than that of cells transfected with blank plasmid after radiation therapy(P<0.001).The expression level of RAD18 mRNA in recurrent GBM was higher than that in the untreated radioactive granules primary GBM(P<0.01).Conclusion The resistance of recurrent GBM to radiotherapy may be associated with the overexpression of RAD18 protein.

12.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 64-68,69, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603146

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of small in-terfering RNA(siRNA) targeting DNMT1 gene on cell proliferation, apoptosis and histone modulation in acute lymphoid leukemia cell line, Molt-4. Methods The small interfering RNA targeting DNMT1 gene was transfected into Molt-4 cells by LipofectamineTM 2000. The DNMT1 mRNA and protein level were detected by RT-PCR and Western blot. Cell proliferation was de-termined by MTT. Cell apoptosis was measured by Flow Cytometry. The expression of Bcl-2, procaspase-3, P15, histone methylation and histone acetylation was detected by Western blot. Results DNMT1 was suppressed by siRNA targeting DNMT1 in a concentra-tion-dependent manner. DNMT1 siRNA suppressed cells proliferation and induced apoptosis in Molt-4 cells. Apoptotic rate was (4. 27 ± 1. 42)% , (15. 25 ± 1. 54)% , (35. 63 ± 2. 54)% , (66. 27 ± 3. 02)%after transfecting with DNMT1 siRNA at 0, 30, 60, 120 nmol·L - 1 for 24 hours, P < 0. 05. The expres-sion of Bcl-2, procaspase-3 was suppressed and P15 was promoted after transfecting of DNMT1 siRNA. DN-MT1 siRNA downregulated histone methylated H3K9 and upregulated histone methylated H3K4. The altera-tion of histone acetylation of H3 was not seen. Conclu-sion DNMT1 siRNA suppresses DNMT1 efficiently in Molt-4 cells. The depletion of DNMT1 downregulates histone methylation of H3K9, and upregulates histone methylation of H3K4. It inhibits cell growth and in-duces cell apoptosis in Molt-4 cell line.

13.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 3338-3341, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-504101

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical effect of community comprehensive intervention in the prevention and treatment of hypertension.Methods A total of 160 cases of patients were randomly divided into two groups,the control group (80 cases)were treated with conventional antihypertensive drug treatment;the observation group 80 cases of patients were treated with comprehensive community intervention on the basis of treatment of the control group.Two groups of patients before and after the intervention of blood pressure changes were observed and recorded,treatment effect and medication compliance were comparative analysized.Results The total effective rate of patients in the observation group was 86.25%,which was significantly higher than that in the control group (57.5%),the difference was statistically significant (χ2 =20.44,P <0.05).DBP,SBP after intervention of patients in the observation group were significantly lower than those before intervention and in the control group after the intervention,the differences were statistically significant (t =18.48,6.06,all P <0.05).Conclusion The effect of community comprehensive intervention on hypertension patients is significant,it can effectively control the patient's blood pressure level,improve the quality of life of patients,which is worth promoting.

14.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 815-819, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498320

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the associated risk factors of postoperative complications after rad?ical resecting of colorectal cancer. Methods The clinical data of 237 patients with colorectal cancer performed radical resection in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University from January 2011 to Decem?ber 2014 were analyzed retrospectively. The incidence of postoperative complications was analyzed,and the relat?ed factors were analyzed by single factor and multi factor correlation analysis. Results The postoperative com?plications occurred in 114 cases of 237 patients( 48. 1%) . Univariate analysis showed that the age more than 70 years old,preoperative comorbidity,intraoperative blood loss,surgeon’ s experience,combined evisceration or en?larged evisceration were related to postoperative complications ( P = 0. 033, 0. 014, 0. 045, 0. 028, 0. 040 ) . Compared with the patients without complications,the postoperative anal exhaust time,length of stay was longer of the patients with complications((3. 7±1. 6) d vs. (3. 2±1. 4) d,P=0. 035;(21. 3±6. 5) d vs. (12. 1 ±2. 4) d,P=0. 001). Logistic regression analysis showed that depth of tumor invasion(P=0. 001),preoperative comorbidity including NRS>3 points (χ2 =8. 903, P=0. 003 ) , anemia and hypoproteinemia (χ2 =3. 494, P=0. 048) ,hypertension complicated with type 2 diabetes mellitus(χ2=5. 418,P=0. 026) ,not complete intesti?nal obstruction(χ2=8. 376,P=0. 003),mild and severe ventilation dysfunction(χ2=6. 331,P=0. 011) and WBC0. 05) . Conclusion Age>70 years old,preoperative comorbidity,intraoperative blood loss,surgeon`s experience,combined evisceration or enlarged evisceration are main risk factors for patients per?formed colorectal cancer radical resection,but laparoscopy?assisted radical resection is not the risk factor.

15.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 144-148, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-234015

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of monoamine oxidase inhibitor phenelzine on proliferation, apoptosis and histone modulation in acute lymphoblastic leukemia cell line Molt-4 cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The effect of Phenelzine on cell proliferation was detected by MTT. Apoptotic rate was measured by flow cytometry. The variation of apoptosis associated proteins Caspase-3, Bcl-2 and Bax, cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21, tumor suppressor protein p15, and the expression level of histone methylation of H3K4, H3K9 and histone acetylation of H3, DNMT1 were detected by Western Blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>① Molt-4 cell proliferation rates were (87.68±3.54)%, (67.84±3.24)%, (51.48±3.37)%, (28.72±2.56)% respectively after exposured to phenelzine at 5, 10, 15, 20 μmol/L for 24 h, P<0.05. ② After 10 μmol/L of phenelzine exposure for 24, 48, 72 h, cell proliferation rates were (67.84±3.24)%, (50.24±2.01)%, (40.31±2.25)%, P<0.05. ③ The apoptotic rates were (13.64±2.58)%, (31.24±3.42)%, (56.37±4.26)% after phenelzine treatment at 5, 10, 20 μmol/L for 24 h, which was concentration dependent. ④ Phenelzine could upregulate the expression of Bax, caspase-3, p21, and downregulate Bcl-2 expression. Phenelzine upregulated the methylation level of histone H3K4me1, H3K4me2 and histone acetylated H3, while it didn't change the level of histone H3K4me3, H3K9me1, H3K9me2. ⑤ Phenelzine inhibited DNMT1 expression and promoted p15 expression.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Phenelzine increased the methylation of histone H3K4me1, H3K4me2, acetylation of histone H3 and p21, and decreased the expression of DNMT1 and p15, and ultimately inhibited the proliferation and apoptosis of Molt-4 cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Acetylation , Apoptosis , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p15 , Metabolism , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21 , Metabolism , DNA (Cytosine-5-)-Methyltransferase 1 , DNA (Cytosine-5-)-Methyltransferases , Metabolism , Histones , Metabolism , Methylation , Phenelzine , Pharmacology
16.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 49-52, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278916

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of silencing mTOR gene by RNA interference on proliferation and apoptosis, and its mechanism on mantle cell lymphoma Jeko-1 cell Line.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The hairpin-like oligonucleotide sequences targeting mTOR gene was designed and transfected into Jeko-1 cells by lipofectamine TM 2000. The mTOR mRNA and protein were detected by RQ-PCR and Western blot. Cell growth was determined by MTT. Cell apoptosis was analyzed by flow cytometry. The expressions of Bcl-2, Bax, procaspase-3, procaspase-9, P70S6K,and p-P70S6K were detected by Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>mTOR mRNA was markedly suppressed by shRNA targeting mTOR. mTOR shRNA suppressed proliferation and induced cells apoptosis of Jeko-1 cells. The cell apoptotic rates were (36.62 ± 3.24)%, (2.58 ± 1.04)%, (1.24 ± 0.30)% respectively, in mTOR shRNA, Neg-shRNA and Blank with statistically significant difference among them (P<0.05). mTOR shRNA down-regulated the expressions of Bcl-2, proCaspase3, proCaspase9 and p-70S6K, up-regulated the expression of Bax.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Deplete of mTOR gene may be realized through inhibiting the Akt/mTOR signaling pathway to promote the cell apoptosis and inhibit cell growth in Jeko-1 cell line.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Caspase 3 , Caspase 9 , Cell Cycle , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Down-Regulation , Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell , RNA Interference , RNA, Messenger , RNA, Small Interfering , Signal Transduction , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases , Transfection
17.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 508-511, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467576

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the expressions of apoptotic protease activating factor-1(Apaf-1)and astrocyte elevated gene-1(AEG-1)in colonic carcinoma,and to explore their correlations with the clinical path-ological features. Methods The expressions of Apaf-1 and AEG-1 were detected in 63 colonic carcinoma sam-ples and 30 normal colonic mucosa adjacent to tumor nest by immunohistochemical method,and their correla-tions with clinical features of colonic carcinoma were analyzed. Results The positive expressions of Apaf-1 and AEG-1 in colonic carcinoma were 23. 81%(15 / 63)and 68. 25%(43 / 63),respectively. The positive expre-ssions of Apaf-1 and AEG-1 in normal colonic mucosa were 76. 67%(23 / 30)and 26. 67%(8 / 30),respec-tively. The positive expression rate of AEG-1 was significantly higher in colonic carcinoma than that in normal tissue(χ2 = 14. 192,P = 0. 000). However,the expression of Apaf-1 was signi-ficantly lower in colonic carci-noma than that in normal tissue(χ2 = 23. 497,P = 0. 000). The expression of Apaf-1 was negatively correlated to the expression of AEG-1(r = - 0. 339,P = 0. 007). The expressions of AEG-1 and Apaf-1 were associated with differentiation degree(χ2 = 4. 643,P = 0. 031;χ2 = 12. 034,P = 0. 001)and clinical stage(χ2 = 6. 628, P = 0. 010;χ2 = 8. 246,P = 0. 004),but they were not correlated with age(χ2 = 1. 462,P = 0. 227;χ2 =2. 401,P = 0. 121)and tumor size(χ2 = 0. 333,P = 0. 564;χ2 = 0. 590,P = 0. 442). Conclusion The expression of AEG-1 is up-regulated in colonic carcinoma,but the expression of Apaf-1 is down-regulated,with a significant negative correlation. Apaf-1 and AEG-1 may be closely related to the occurrence and development of colon carcinoma. Therefore,combination detection of Apaf-1 and AEG-1 may be more valuable for the prog-nosis evaluation of colonic carcinoma.

18.
Chinese Journal of Infection Control ; (4): 399-402, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467497

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the distribution and antimicrobial resistance of pathogens causing urinary tract infection(UTI)in patients with prostatic hyperplasia,and provide reference for clinical diagnosis and rational anti-microbial therapy.Methods Urine culture results of 171 patients with prostatic hyperplasia complicated with UTI from February 8,2012 to October 12,2013 were analyzed retrospectively.Results A total of 192 bacterial isolates were isolated from 171 patients,gram-negative bacteria accounted for 79.17%,37.50% of which were Escherichia coli (E.coli )strains,and 18.75% were Klebsiella pneumoniae (K .pneumoniae );gram-positive bacteria and Candida accounted for 18.23% and 2.60% respectively.Of E.coli and K .pneumoniae ,the proportion of extend-ed-spectrumβ-lactamase (ESBLs)strains were relatively higher,which was 72.77% and 63.89% respectively,re-sistant rates of ESBLs-producing E.coli to piperacillin.cefuroixme,ceftazidime,ceftriaxone,aztreonam,and levo-floxacin were all significantly higher than non-ESBLs strains,resistant rates of ESBLs-producing K .pneumoniae to piperacillin,cefoxitin,aztreonam,levofloxacin,and compound sulfamethoxazole were all significantly higher than non-ESBLs strains.Resistant rates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to imipenem and meropenem were both 50.00%, susceptibility rates of Enterococcus to penicillins and aminoglycosides were both low,linezolid-and vancomycin-re-sistant strain was not found.Conclusion Organisms isolated from patients with UTI associated with prostatic hy-perplasia have high antimicrobial resistance,clinical therapy should be based on characteristics of bacterial distribu-tion and antimicrobial resistance.

19.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1603-1607, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-480651

ABSTRACT

Aim To observe the effect of the LSD1 gene on the proliferation and apoptosis of Molt-4 cells, a kind of human acute T-lymphoblastic leukemia cells. Methods siRNA fragment based on LSD1 gene was designed, filtered out and then transfected into Molt-4 cells. The effects of LSD 1 siRNA on Molt-4 cell prolif-eration were observed by the method of MTS. The cell apoptosis was analyzed by flow cytometry. The states of histone H3K4, H3K9 methylation, histone H3 acetyla-tion, p15, DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1), and apoptosis-related proteins like Bcl-2 , procaspase-3 were evaluated by Western blot. Results Silencing LSD1 gene inhibited cell proliferation. Molt-4 cell pro-liferation rate was ( 99. 65 ± 1. 21 )%, ( 83. 02 ± 1. 69)%, (65. 72 ± 2. 16)%,and (41. 15 ± 2. 23)%respectively after the treatment of Molt-4 cells with 0 , 30, 60, 120 nmol·L-1 of LSD1 siRNA after 48 hours ( P < 0. 05 ) . Cell proliferation rate was ( 99. 86 ± 1. 35)%,(65. 72 ± 2. 16)%,(48. 26 ± 1. 92)%,and ( 37. 86 ± 1. 66 )% respectively after the transfection of Molt-4 cells with 60 nmol · L-1 of LSD1 siRNA after 0 , 24 , 48 , 72 hours ( P<0. 05 ) . Cell apoptosis rate was ( 3. 35 ± 1. 26 )%, ( 12. 16 ± 1. 74 )%, ( 32. 74 ± 2. 47 )%, ( 54. 64 ± 2. 58 )% respectively after transfection of LSD1 siRNA in indicated concentrations for 48 hours ( P <0. 05 ) . At the same time, the ex-pression levels of apoptosis-related proteins like Bcl-2 , procaspase-3 decreased. LSD1 siRNA inhibited LSD1 and LSD1 mRNA, and accumulated histone mono-, and di-methylation H3K4 and histone H3 acetylation. However, alteration of H3K4 trimethylation, H3K9 methylation was not detected. LSD1 siRNA downregu-lated DNA demethylase DNMT1 and upregulated p15 . Conclusions LSD1 siRNA can inhibit Molt-4 cell proliferation and induce apoptosis. Its mechanism may be associated with epigenetic regulation. In addition, it is expected to become a new target for leukemia treat-ment.

20.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 246-250, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-356945

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of silencing histone deacetylases 1 (HDAC1) gene by RNA interference on the proliferation, apoptosis and histone modulation in gastric cancer MGC-803 cell line.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The optimal segment targeting HDAC1 gene was designed and transfected into MGC-803 cells by Lipofectamine TM2000. HDAC1 mRNA and protein in the transfected cells were detected by RT-PCR and Western blotting, respectively. The growth inhibition of MGC803 cells was evaluated by MTT assay and the cell apoptosis was detected with TUNEL assay. The expression of Bcl-2, procaspase-9, procaspase-3, c-Myc, histone acetylation of H3, H4, and histone methylation of H3K9 was detected by Western blotting.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The siRNA targeting HDAC1HDAC1 markedly suppressed mRNA expression, inhibited cell proliferation and induced apoptosis of MGC-803 cells in a concentration manner. Transfection of the cells with HDAC1 siRNA at 0, 30, 60, and 120 nmol/L for 24 h resulted in a cell apoptotic rate of (4.8∓2.7)%, (18.5∓3.5)%, (41.4∓4.3)%, and (59.2∓5.5)%, respectively, and caused down-regulation of the expressions of Bcl-2, proCaspase9, proCaspase3 and c-Myc, upregulation of histone acetylation of H3, H4, and down-regulation of histone methylation of H3K9.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Silencing HDAC1 gene expression with HDAC1 siRNA can promote histone H3 and H4 acetylation and inhibit histone methylation of H3K9 to suppress the proliferation and induce apoptosis of gastric cancer MGC-803 cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Acetylation , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Gene Silencing , Gene Targeting , Histone Deacetylase 1 , Genetics , Histones , Metabolism , Methylation , RNA Interference , RNA, Small Interfering
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