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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010320

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect and possible mechanism of hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA) on human immortalized keratinocyte cell proliferation and migration.@*METHODS@#HaCaT cells were treated with HSYA. Cell proliferation was detected by the cell counting kit-8 assay, and cell migration was measured using wound healing assay and Transwell migration assay. The mRNA and protein expression levels of heparin-binding epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like growth factor (HBEGF), EGF receptor (EGFR), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), protein kinase B (AKT), mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), and hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot, respectively. Circ_0084443-overexpressing HaCaT cells and empty plasmid HaCaT cells were constructed using the lentiviral stable transfection and treated with HSYA. The expression of circ_0084443 was detected by qRT-PCR.@*RESULTS@#HSYA (800 µmol/L) significantly promoted HaCaT cell proliferation and migration (P<0.05 or P<0.01). It also increased the mRNA and protein expression levels of HBEGF, EGFR, PI3K, AKT, mTOR and HIF-1α, and increased the phosphorylation levels of PI3K and AKT (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Furthermore, HSYA promoted HaCaT cell proliferation and migration via the HBEGF/EGFR and PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathways (P<0.01). Circ_0084443 attenuated the mRNA expression levels of HBEGF, EGFR, PI3K, AKT, mTOR and HIF-1α (P<0.05). HSYA inhibited the circ_0084443 expression, further antagonized the inhibition of circ_0084443 on HBEGF, EGFR, PI3K, AKT, mTOR and HIF-1α, and promoted the proliferation of circ_0084443-overexpressing HaCaT cells (P<0.05 or P<0.01). However, HSYA could not influence the inhibitory effect of circ_0084443 on HaCaT cell migration (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#HSYA played an accelerative role in HaCaT cell proliferation and migration, which may be attributable to activating HBEGF/EGFR and PI3K/AKT signaling pathways, and had a particular inhibitory effect on the keratinocyte negative regulator circ_0084443.


Subject(s)
Humans , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , ErbB Receptors/genetics , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Cell Proliferation , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Cell Movement , Cell Line, Tumor , Chalcone/analogs & derivatives , Quinones
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006550

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the effect of Banxia Xiexintang (BXT) on the proliferation of human gastric cancer HGC-27, MKN-45, and AGS cells and its mechanism. MethodCell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) was used to detect the effects of different concentrations of BXT-containing serum (5%, 10%, and 20%) on the proliferation of HGC-27, MKN-45, and AGS cells. A mitochondrial membrane potential probe (TMRE) was used to detect the expression of mitochondrial membrane potential in cells. A kit was used to detect iron ion (Fe2+) content, lipid peroxide (LPO), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression levels of glycogen synthase3β (GSK3β), phosphorylated GSK3β (p-GSK3β), nuclear factor E2 related factor 2 (Nrf2), and glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4). The real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) was used to detect the mRNA expression of member 11 of the cystine/glutamic acid reverse transporter solute vector family 7 (SLC7A11), member 2 of the heavy chain solute vector family 3 (SLC3A2), transferrin receptor 3 (TFRC), and tumor protein (TP)53. ResultCCK-8 results showed that BXT and capecitabine could significantly reduce the survival rate of three kinds of gastric cancer cells after treatment with drug-containing serum for 24 h (P<0.01). After 48 h of intervention with drug-containing serum, the survival rate of three kinds of gastric cancer cells was significantly decreased in both the capecitabine group and the BXT group compared with the blank group. The BXT group was dose-dependent, with 20% BXT having the most significant effect (P<0.01). In terms of biochemical indicators of ferroptosis, compared with the blank group, BXT and capecitabine significantly decreased the expression of mitochondrial membrane potential (P<0.01) and SOD activity (P<0.01) and significantly increased the contents of LPO and Fe2+ (P<0.01), so as to improve the sensitivity of gastric cancer cells to ferroptosis. In terms of the Nrf2/GPX4 pathway, compared with the blank group, the BXT group could reduce the protein expressions of p-GSK3β, Nrf2, and GPX4 (P<0.01) in gastric cancer cells and increase mRNA expressions of SLC7A11 and SLC3A2 (P<0.05). It could also increase the protein expression of GSK3β (P<0.01) and mRNA expression of TP53 and TFRC (P<0.05, P<0.01) in gastric cancer cells. Inhibition of the Nrf2/GPX4 pathway induces ferroptosis in gastric cancer cells. Compared with the capecitabine group, the 20% BXT group showed a more obvious effect. ConclusionBanxia Xiexintang can induce ferroptosis in gastric cancer cells HGC-27, MKN-45, and AGS by inhibiting the Nrf2/GPX4 pathway.

3.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 537-544, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013580

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the mechanism of hydroxy-a-sanshool in the treatment of diabetic cardiomyopathy ( DCM) based on label-free quantitative proteomics detection technique. Methods DCM model was established by high fat diet and intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin ( STZ) . They were divided into control group ( CON group ) , diabetic cardiomyopathy group (DCM group) and hydroxy-a-sanshool treatment group ( DCM + SAN group) . The cardiac function of mice was evaluated by echocardiography, the myocardial morphology was observed by pathology staining, the protective mechanism of hydroxy-a-sanshool on diabetic cardiomyopathy was speculated by proteomic technique , and the expression level of cAMP/PKA signaling pathway and key proteins were verified by Western blotting. Results Cardiac ultrasound and pathology staining showed that hydroxy-a-sanshool had protective effect on the heart of DCM mice. Label-free quantitative proteomic analysis was carried out between DCM + SAN group and DCM group, and 160 differential pro-teins were identified by proteomics, in which 127 proteins were up-regulated and 33 proteins were down regulated ; GO secondary functional annotations showed the biological process, molecular function and cellular component; KEGG enrichment analysis showed that cAMP signaling pathway was the most abundant; protein interaction network showed that PKA as the central node interacted with many proteins in the cAMP signaling pathway. Western blot showed that the relative expression of с AMP, PKA protein in DCM group was significantly lower than that in CON group ( P < 0. 05 ) , while the relative expression of cAMP, PKA protein in DCM + SAN group was significantly higher than that in DCM group ( P < 0. 05 ) . Conclusions Hydroxy-a-sanshool has protective effect on heart function of mice with diabetes, which plays a role through cAMP signaling pathway.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981399

ABSTRACT

It is generally believed that high-quality Bupleurum scorzonerifolium roots possess specific morphological characteristics, being red, robust, and long with strong odor. However, the scientific connotation of these characteristics has not been elucidated. According to the theory of "quality evaluation through morphological identification", we studied the correlations between appearance traits(the RGB value of root surface, root length, root diameter, dry weight, and ratio of phloem to xylem) and content of main chemical components(volatile oils, total saponins, total flavonoids, total polysaccharides, and seven saikosaponins) of B. scorzonerifolium roots. Epson Scanner and ImageJ were used to scan the root samples and measure the appearance traits. Ultraviolet spectrophotometry and HPLC were employed to determine the content of chemical components. The correlation, regression, and cluster analyses were performed to study the correlations between the appearance traits and the content of chemical components. The results showed that the content of volatile oils and saikosaponins were significantly correlated with RGB value, root length, and root diameter, indicating that within a certain range, the roots being redder, longer, and thicker had higher content of volatile oils and saikosaponins. According to the appearance traits and chemical component content, the 14 samples from different producing areas were classified into four grades, and the differences in morphological traits and chemical component content were consistent among different grades. The findings in this study demonstrate that appearance traits(RGB value, root length, and root diameter) can be used to evaluate the quality of B. scorzonerifolium roots. Meanwhile, this study lays a foundation for establishing an objective quality evaluation method for B. scorzonerifolium roots.


Subject(s)
Bupleurum/chemistry , Saponins/analysis , Oleanolic Acid/analysis , Oils, Volatile/analysis , Plant Roots/chemistry
5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1860-1865, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010050

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the safety and efficacy of novel CD19-KIRS2/Dap12-BB chimeric antigen receptor T cells (CAR-T cells) in the treatment of relapsed/refractory B-cell malignancy (R/R BCM).@*METHODS@#Three patients with R/R BCM treated with novel CD19-KIRS2/Dap12-BB CAR-T cells from June 2020 to November 2020 were enrolled, including 1 case of B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (B-ALL) and 2 cases of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), and the efficacy and adverse reactions were observed.@*RESULTS@#After CAR-T cells infusion, patient with B-ALL achieved complete remission (CR) and minimal residual disease (MRD) turned negative, and 2 patients with NHL achieved partial remission (PR). Grade 2 cytokine release syndrome (CRS) occurred in B-ALL patient, grade 1 CRS occurred in 2 NHL patients, and grade II to IV hematologic adverse reactions occurred in 3 patients, all of which were controllable and reversible. The progression-free survival (PFS) of the 3 patients was 143, 199, and 91 days, and overall survival (OS) was 282, 430, and 338 days, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The novel CD19-KIRS2/Dap12-BB CAR-T cells in treatment of 3 patients with R/R BCM have significant short-term efficacy and controllable adverse reactions, but the long-term efficacy needs to be further improved.


Subject(s)
Humans , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen , Immunotherapy, Adoptive , Burkitt Lymphoma , Antigens, CD19 , Neoplasm, Residual , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
6.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 386-392, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969918

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the distribution of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in participants from the China Kadoorie Biobank (CKB) study and evaluate the association between lifestyle risk factors and CKD. Methods: Based on the baseline survey data and follow-up data (as of December 31, 2018) of the CKB study, the differences in CKD cases' area and population distributions were described. Cox proportional hazards regression model was used to estimate the association between lifestyle risk factors and the risk of CKD. Results: A total of 505 147 participants, 4 920 cases of CKD were recorded in 11.26 year follow up with a incidence rate of 83.43/100 000 person-years. Glomerulonephropathy was the most common type. The incidence of CKD was higher in the urban area, men, and the elderly aged 60 years and above (87.83/100 000 person-years, 86.37/100 000 person-years, and 132.06/100 000 person-years). Current male smokers had an increased risk for CKD compared with non-smokers or occasional smokers (HR=1.18, 95%CI: 1.05-1.31). The non-obese population was used as a control group, both general obesity determined by BMI (HR=1.19, 95%CI: 1.10-1.29) and central obesity determined by waist circumference (HR=1.27, 95%CI: 1.19-1.35) were associated with higher risk for CKD. Conclusion: The risks for CKD varied with area and population in the CKB cohort study, and the risk was influenced by multiple lifestyle factors.


Subject(s)
Aged , Adult , Humans , Male , Cohort Studies , Prevalence , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Obesity/epidemiology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/epidemiology , China/epidemiology , Life Style , Body Mass Index
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969836

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the household secondary attack rates of the SARS-CoV-2 Delta variant and the associated factors. Methods: A COVID-19 outbreak caused by the Delta variant occurred in Nanjing in July 2021. A total of 235 cases with current addresses in Nanjing were reported from 171 households. The subjects in this study were selected from household close contact(s) of infected cases. The information on household index cases and their contacts were collected, and the household secondary attack rate (HSAR) and the risk factors were analyzed by the multi-factor logistic regression model. Results: A total of 234 cases of household close contacts and 64 household secondary cases were reported from 103 households, and the HSAR was 27.4% (64/234, 95%CI:22.0% to 33.4%). The proportions of household size for 2 to 3, 4 to 5, and 6 to 9 were 64.1% (66), 26.2% (27) and 9.7% (10), respectively. A total of 35 cases of household cluster outbreaks were reported (35/103, 34.0%). The number of the first case in the household (FCH) was 103 and males accounted for 27.2% (28 cases), with the median age (Q1, Q3) of 49 (9, 56). The number of household close contacts was 234 and males accounted for 59.0% (138 cases), with the median age (Q1, Q3) of 42 (20, 55) and the median exposure period (Q1, Q3) of 3 (1, 3) days. The multi-factor logistic regression model showed that the higher HSAR was observed in the FCH with the features of airport staff (OR=2.913, 95%CI:1.469-5.774), detection from home quarantine screening (OR=6.795, 95%CI:1.761-26.219) and detection from mass screening (OR=4.239, 95%CI:1.098-16.368). Meanwhile, higher HSAR was observed in cases with longer household exposure (OR=1.221, 95%CI:1.040-1.432), non-vaccination (OR=2.963, 95%CI:1.288-6.813) and incomplete vaccinations (OR=2.842, 95%CI:0.925-8.731). Conclusion: The generation interval of the Delta variant is shortened, and the ability of transmission within the household is enhanced. In the outbreak in Nanjing, the associated factors of HSAR are occupation, detection route, vaccination and exposure period.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/epidemiology , Incidence , Family Characteristics
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994655

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors for the occurrence of thrombocytopenia (TCP) within 2 weeks after pediatric liver transplantation (LT) and examine the relationship between the occurrence of TCP and prognosis.Methods:From January 2021 to November 2021, clinical data were retrospectively reviewed for 162 pediatric LT recipients aged under 4 years at Organ Transplantation Center of Tianjin First Central Hospital.Based upon the lowest value of platelet count at Week 2 post-operation, they were assigned into two groups of TCP (n=90) and non-TCP (n=72). General preoperative profiles, intraoperative findings, postoperative complications, types of commonly used antibiotics, anticoagulant dosing and prognosis of two groups were compared.Univariate and multivariate analyses were utilized for examining the independent risk factors for TCP.Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted for examining the cut-off value of independent risk factors for diagnosing TCP.Results:Among them, 90 (55.56%) developed TCP within 2 weeks post-operation and 25(15.43%) developed TCP at Day 1 post-operation.The median preoperative platelet count was 178×10 9/L and the lowest value was 65×10 9/L at Day 3(1-4) post-operation with a declining rate of 63.5% and platelet count of recipient normalized at Day 6(4-7.25) post-operation.The results of univariate analysis showed statistically significant inter-group differences in operative duration[(574.43±80.53)min vs.(526.75±72.42)min], intraoperative blood loss[400(300, 550)ml vs.320(300, 400)ml], red blood cell transfusion[2(2, 3)U vs.2(1.5, 2.0)U], preoperative platelet count[178.5(141.75, 242.5)×10 9/L vs.257 (209.75, 357)×10 9/L], postoperative infection rate[27.8%(25/90)vs.13.9%(10/72)] and dosing rates of piperacillin sodium and tazobactam sodium[8.9%(8/90)vs.25.0%(18/72)] ( P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis revealed statistically significant inter-group differences in operative duration( P=0.008), red blood cell transfusion( P=0.01), preoperative platelet count( P<0.01) and postoperative infection rate ( P=0.02). The results of ROC curve analysis showed that the cut-off values of operative duration, red blood cell transfusion and preoperative platelet count were 535 min, 2.75 U and 183.5×10 9/L respectively.Length of ICU stay was higher in TCP group than that in non-TCP group, and the difference was statistically significant [4(3, 5) vs.3(3, 4) day, P=0.006]. Conclusions:LT children aged under 4 years with intraoperative red blood cell transfusion>2.75 U, operative duration>535 min and preoperative platelet count<183.5×10 9/L are more likely to develop post-transplantation TCP.And occurrence of TCP prolongs the length of ICU stay in pediatric recipients.

9.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 614-620, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993863

ABSTRACT

The morbidity and mortality of non-small cell lung cancer(NSCLC)are among the highest of all malignancies.The mechanisms concerning metronomic chemotherapy include anti-angiogenesis, immune microenvironment regulation, and cytotoxic effects, among others.As an alternative to traditional chemotherapy, metronomic chemotherapy has shown promising outcomes in the treatment of advanced NSCLC.Several clinical trials have explored the application of metronomic chemotherapy in the treatment of advanced NSCLC, either as a monotherapy or in combination with chemotherapy, anti-angiogenic therapy, targeted therapy or immunotherapy.This paper mainly reviews the mechanisms underlying metronomic chemotherapy and its clinical application in advanced NSCLC, in order to provide more evidence for the optimization of NSCLC treatment regimens.

10.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 430-434, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993831

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of the epithelial cell proliferation(ECP)pathway genes for the prognosis of elderly non-small cell lung cancer patients treated with immunotherapy.Methods:A total of 106 elderly patients aged 70 years and over receiving immunotherapy in the POPLAR and OAK clinical trials were retrospectively analyzed in October 2022.According to the mutation status, patients were divided into an ECP pathway-related gene mutation group(ECP mutation group, n=25)and an ECP pathway-related gene non-mutation group(ECP non-mutation group, n=81). The primary endpoints were overall survival(OS)and progression-free survival(PFS). Differences in survival and efficacy between the two groups were compared, and subgroup analysis was performed on clinical factors and genes involved in the pathway.Pyclone was used to calculate the distribution of major clones and subclones in each patient, and differences in survival were compared.Results:Survival outcomes were worse in the ECP(+ )group than in the ECP(-)group(mOS: 10.9 months vs.17.1 months, HR=1.84, 95% CI: 1.09-3.08, P<0.05; mPFS: 2.8 months vs.4.2 months, HR=1.58, 95% CI: 1.00-2.51, P<0.05). Of all mutations in ECP pathway-related genes, mutations in the RB1 gene had a significant prognostic effect on all patients, with the negative prognostic effect especially prominent in ECP(+ )patients.Compared with ECP(-)patients, ECP(+ )patients had a shorter mOS(6.9 months vs.12.6 months, HR=3.14, 95% CI: 1.10-8.97, P=0.024). Ten patients had clonal mutations and 15 patients had sub-clonal mutations in ECP pathway-related genes and the former had a shorter mPFS than the latter(1.3 months vs.5.3 months, HR=3.23, 95% CI: 1.25-8.37, P=0.011). Conclusions:Gene mutations in the epithelial cell proliferation pathway are a negative prognostic factor in elderly non-small cell lung cancer patients receiving immunotherapy, and mutations located in the clonal cluster have a stronger impact on the prognosis.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990387

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the status of the dyadic coping in spouses of young and middle-age cervical cancer patients undergoing synchronous radiotherapy and chemotherapy, and to explore the influencing factors in bi-directional of patients and their spouses.Methods:With the convenience sampling method, a total of 150 cervical cancer patients undergoing synchronous radiotherapy and chemotherapy who were hospitalized in the Radiotherapy Department of Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital from March 2021 to February 2022 and their spouses were selected. A cross-sectional study was conducted by the Dyadic Coping Inventory, the Lock-Wallace Marital Adjustment Test, the General Self-Efficacy Scale, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, etc. Besides, multiple linear regression was used to identify predictors of the dyadic coping in spouses of cervical cancer patients undergoing synchronous radiotherapy and chemotherapy.Results:The total score of dyadic coping, marital quality, general self-efficacy, anxiety and depression in spouses of cervical cancer patients undergoing synchronous radiotherapy and chemotherapy were (121.69 ± 19.67), (97.23 ± 25.05), (25.13 ± 5.19), (9.98 ± 3.46), (8.19 ± 4.06) points. The scores of anxiety and depression of cervical cancer patients undergoing synchronous radiotherapy and chemotherapy were (10.57 ± 3.60), (9.10 ± 4.12) points. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that factors of the patients′ anxiety and depression, spouse′s perception of marital quality, spouse′s general self-efficacy, changes in family relationship, family income, and period of radiotherapy were the main influencing factors ( P<0.01), which accounted for 55.7% of total variation. Conclusions:The level of dyadic coping in spouses of cervical cancer patients undergoing synchronous radiotherapy and chemotherapy was medium, the marriage quality remains to be further improved,and its influence factors involved in the bi-directional of patient and spouse, including patients′ anxiety and depression, the changes of the family relationship, period of radiotherapy, spouses perception of marital quality and self-efficacy and family income. Clinical medical staff can improve the level of dyadic coping in spouses of cervical cancer patients undergoing synchronous radiotherapy and chemotherapy by improving their cognition of disease, reducing the incongruence of dyadic illness appraisals, and taking multiple measures to reduce the economic burden felt of the spouses.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989708

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism of Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma- Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma- Chuanxiong Rhizoma medicinal pair in delaying heart aging based on animal experiments, network pharmacology and molecular docking. Methods:Mice were divided into control group, aging group, metformin group and TCM group according to random number table method. All the groups were injected subcutaneously by D-galactose except the control group to build the subacute aging model. Two weeks later, the metformin group was given metformin suspension (150 mg/kg), the TCM group was given Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma- Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma- Chuanxiong Rhizoma lyophilized powder solution (650 mg/kg), and the control group and aging group were given an equivalent volume of ultrapure water by gastric gavage, once a day, six times a week, for 10 weeks. The level of heart TERT mRNA was detected by PCR; the expression of heart p53 was observed by immunohistochemical staining; the morphology of heart tissue was observed by HE staining. TCMSP and SwissTargetPrediciton databases were used to retrieve the active components and targets of Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma- Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma- Chuanxiong Rhizoma medicinal pair; TTD, OMIM, Gene, HAGR, DisGeNET and other data platforms were used to screen the targets of heart aging; after the drug and disease targets were intersected, the active components of them were collected; STRING database, Cytoscape 3.8.0 software, etc. were used to make PPI of the intersection targets, and screen out the key targets; FunRich was used to perform enrichment analysis of cellular components, molecular functions, biological processes, and biological signal pathways for key targets; Schr?dinger Maestro software was used to do the molecular docking of the screened active components and key targets, and docking results were visualized via PyMOL 2.1 software. Results:Experiment results showed that Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma- Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma- Chuanxiong Rhizoma could significantly ameliorate the damage of aging heart tissues, elevate TERT mRNA level, while significantly reducing the positive expression of p53. A total of 32 active components from the medicinal pair were screened, corresponding to 637 target genes. There were 263 targets for heart aging, and 67 intersection targets of drug active component targets and heart aging targets. 31 key targets were obtained after screening. Enrichment analysis showed that molecular functions were related to transcription factor activity and protein-tyrosine kinase activity. Biological processes involved signal transduction and cell communication. Signaling pathways mainly involved PDGFR-beta, PI3K-Akt, S1P1, Glypican, TRAIL, and Glypican 1. The molecular docking results showed that kaempferol, suchilactone, and ginsenoside Rg5_qt in the medicinal pair had a strong binding ability to p53. Conclusion:Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma- Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma- Chuanxiong Rhizoma may achieve the effect of delaying heart aging by inhibiting p53 expression, providing a foundation for further research on mechanism of invigorating qi and activating blood circulation drugs to delay heart aging.

13.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 381-384, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988996

ABSTRACT

MLL3 is also known as lysine methyltransferase 2C (KMT2C). The mutation of MLL3 can occur in a variety of human cancers, including leukemia, liver cancer, and stomach cancer. The effect of MLL3 in different cancers is also different, for example, MLL3 is carcinogenic in pancreatic and liver cancer, while it acts as a tumor suppressor in acute myeloid leukemia and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. The effects of genes in tumors depend on certain environment and conditions, and the mechanism of the suppressive effect of MLL3 in leukemia is still not clear. This paper reviews the research progress of the antitumor mechanism of MLL3 in leukemia.

14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2210-2220, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007633

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Gallbladder cancer (GBC) is the most common malignant tumor of biliary tract. Isoliquiritigenin (ISL) is a natural compound with chalcone structure extracted from the roots of licorice and other plants. Relevant studies have shown that ISL has a strong anti-tumor ability in various types of tumors. However, the research of ISL against GBC has not been reported, which needs to be further investigated.@*METHODS@#The effects of ISL against GBC cells in vitro and in vivo were characterized by cytotoxicity test, RNA-sequencing, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, reactive oxygen species (ROS) detection, lipid peroxidation detection, ferrous ion detection, glutathione disulphide/glutathione (GSSG/GSH) detection, lentivirus transfection, nude mice tumorigenesis experiment and immunohistochemistry.@*RESULTS@#ISL significantly inhibited the proliferation of GBC cells in vitro . The results of transcriptome sequencing and bioinformatics analysis showed that ferroptosis was the main pathway of ISL inhibiting the proliferation of GBC, and HMOX1 and GPX4 were the key molecules of ISL-induced ferroptosis. Knockdown of HMOX1 or overexpression of GPX4 can reduce the sensitivity of GBC cells to ISL-induced ferroptosis and significantly restore the viability of GBC cells. Moreover, ISL significantly reversed the iron content, ROS level, lipid peroxidation level and GSSG/GSH ratio of GBC cells. Finally, ISL significantly inhibited the growth of GBC in vivo and regulated the ferroptosis of GBC by mediating HMOX1 and GPX4 .@*CONCLUSION@#ISL induced ferroptosis in GBC mainly by activating p62-Keap1-Nrf2-HMOX1 signaling pathway and down-regulating GPX4 in vitro and in vivo . This evidence may provide a new direction for the treatment of GBC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Humans , Carcinoma in Situ , Chalcones/pharmacology , Ferroptosis , Gallbladder Neoplasms/genetics , Glutathione Disulfide , Kelch-Like ECH-Associated Protein 1 , Mice, Nude , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/genetics , Reactive Oxygen Species
15.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1384-1389, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007498

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To observe the clinical efficacy of moxibustion as an adjunctive treatment for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) based on conventional medication and its effects on serum sclerostin (SOST) and β-catenin levels, exploring the potential mechanisms by which moxibustion may protect joint bones in RA patients.@*METHODS@#Seventy-six RA patients were randomly divided into an observation group (38 cases, 3 cases dropped out) and a control group (38 cases, 4 cases were eliminated, 2 cases dropped out). The patients in the control group were treated with conventional oral medication; based on the treatment of the control group, the patients in the observation group were treated with moxibustion. The direct moxibustion was applied at Zusanli (ST 36) on both sides and ashi points around small joints, and indirect moxibustion was applied at Shenshu (BL 23) on both sides and ashi points around large joints. The treatment was given three times a week for a total of 5 weeks. The count of pain and swollen joint, morning stiffness score, disease activity score of 28 joints (DAS28), visual analogue scale (VAS) score, health assessment questionnaire (HAQ) score, and serum levels of SOST, β-catenin, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were evaluated before and after treatment in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared those before treatment, after treatment, both groups showed a reduction in pain and swollen joint count (P<0.01, P<0.05), morning stiffness, DAS28, VAS, and HAQ scores (P<0.01, P<0.05), with the observation group having lower scores than the control group (P<0.01). Serum levels of SOST, β-catenin, and TNF-α after treatment in the observation group were lower than those in both before treatment and the control group (P<0.01, P<0.05). There was a positive correlation between the difference in serum β-catenin levels before and after treatment and the difference in serum SOST (r=0.578, P<0.001) and TNF-α (r=0.403, P<0.05) levels in the observation group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In addition to medication, moxibustion as an adjunctive treatment could significantly alleviate joint pain and reduce disease activity in RA patients, suggesting a potential role in joint protection. This mechanism may be related to the inhibition of the inflammatory factor TNF-α, regulation of β-catenin levels, and reduction in the production of the endogenous negative regulator protein SOST within the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Moxibustion , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , beta Catenin , Acupuncture Points , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/therapy , Arthralgia , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
16.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1363-1369, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007495

ABSTRACT

Acupuncture-moxibustion is remarkably effective on encephalopathy, but its mechanism is unclear. With the continuous development of imaging technology, the in vivo brain imaging technology has been used increasingly in life science research and it also becomes a more effective tool for the basic research of acupuncture-moxibustion in treatment of encephalopathy. The paper summarizes the application of its technology in the basic research of acupuncture-moxibustion for encephalopathy and the characteristics of imaging, as well as the advantages and shortcomings. It is anticipated that the references may be provided for the basic research of acupuncture-moxibustion in treatment of encephalopathy and be conductive to the modernization of acupuncture-moxibustion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Moxibustion , Acupuncture Therapy , Acupuncture , Brain Diseases/therapy , Neuroimaging
17.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 583-587, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005712

ABSTRACT

Based on the perspective of satir transformation system model, this paper interpreted and analyzed the behavior, coping style, feelings, views, expectations, yearning, and ego of college students with suicidal ideation to enhance the connection between individuals and their inner selves and growth forces. This paper put forward several thoughts on the guidance of college students’ life education: increase and expand the physical and mental experience practice opportunities of college students, help connect themselves, and improve their sense of self-esteem; strengthen and establish the family concept and support system of college students, assist in connecting parents, and promote the sense of belonging; find and consolidate the resource advantages of college students in their growth, assist in connecting the past, and enhance the sense of achievement; create and expand the interpersonal skills of college students, help connect with society, and enhance the sense of value.

18.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 314-319, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005551

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the State has intensified efforts to develop folk Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). Shaanxi Province is a large province with rich TCM resources. However, the certificate holding rate of folk TCM in Shaanxi is low, the inheritance of medical skills is not optimistic; the core skills of folk TCM are lack of protection; the traditional folk diagnosis and treatment technology is lack of corresponding standards, and the clinical promotion is difficult, which makes the advantages of folk TCM not fully play. It was suggested that strengthen the assessment of Shaanxi Province’s real expertise, take measures to promote the inheritance, enhance the intellectual property protection of folk TCM in the province, intensify the research and formulation of local folk TCM screening and evaluation standards, and vigorously promote the clinical application of folk TCM in the province, so as to promote the inheritance, protection and development of folk TCM in Shaanxi Province.

19.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 750-757, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013904

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the effect of baicalin on respiratory syncytial virus in vitro and its effect on cell metabolism. Methods The anti-RSV effect of baicalin in vitro was verified by antiviral cell experiment, and the cellular metabolic mechanism of baicalin against RSV was explored by cell metabolomics. Results Baicalin had an inhibitory effect on all stages of RSV infection, and the condition of CPE was significantly improved, which may mainly play a role in the adsorption and proliferation of RSV. A total of 19 differential metabolites were screened by cell metabolomics, which were mainly glycerol phospholipids, nucleosides and fatty acids. Seven metabolic pathways were obtained by enrichment analysis, which were mainly related to glycerol-phospholipid metabolism, fatty acid metabolism (arachidonic acid metabolism, α-linolenic acid metabolism, linoleic acid metabolism), amino acid metabolism and purine metabolism. Conclusions Baicalin has significant inhibitory effect on the adsorption and proliferation of RSV, which may be related to fatty acid metabolism, glycerol phospholipid metabolism, amino acid and purine metabolism.

20.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1577-1583, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-977845

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To explore the material basis and potential mechanism of Kazakh classic prescription Wuzdekh (WZDK) in the treatment of enteritis. METHODS LC-MS/MS technology was used to analyze the chemical components in WZDK. Through network pharmacology and molecular docking technology, the main chemical components of WZDK were screened and the target was predicted; therapeutic effect and target of WZDK on acute enteritis were verified through in vivo experiments. The acute enteritis model of mice was induced by dextran sulfate sodium salt; the general condition of the mice was observed during administration and the disease activity index (DAI) score was calculated; pathological changes of the intestine and mRNA expression of core target were validated by HE staining and quantitative real-time PCR. RESULTS A total of 316 chemical components were obtained by LC-MS/MS. The core targets of network pharmacological analysis mainly included interleukin 1β(IL- 1β), protein kinase B1 (AKT1), tumor protein p53 (TP53), IL-6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and so on. The results of molecular docking showed that chemical components such as mairin, lappadilactone, costunolide and dehydrocostus lactone were stable in binding to the core target. The results of in vivo experiment showed that, compared with model group, high dose (5.00 g/kg) of WZDK could significantly reduce the DAI score (P<0.05), improve inflammatory cell infiltration and mucosal tissue damage of colon tissue, and significantly down-regulated mRNA expressions of IL-6, TNF-α, IL-1β and TP53 in colon tissue(P< 0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS Chemical components of WZDK such as mairin, lappadilactone, costunolide and dehydrocostus lactone may play the role of improving the imbalance of local inflammatory factors in the intestine and repairing damage of colonic mucosal tissue by down-regulating mRNA expressions of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β and TP53 in colon tissue.

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